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WASHINGTON  :  1933 


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In  1906  the  Library  of  Congress  published,  in  two  quarto  vokunes  entitled  "The 
Records  of  the  Virginia  Companj'  of  London,"  the  text,  from  the  manuscript  in 
the  Library,  of  the  Court  Book  containing  the  minutes  of  that  company's  meetings, 
and  of  the  meetings  of  its  council,  from  April  28,  1619,  to  June  7,  1624,  together 
with  an  elaborate  and  learned  introduction  by  Miss  vSusan  Myra  Kingsbury,  now 
professor  of  social  economy  in  Bryn  Mawr  College,  and  a  list  prepared  by  her  of 
additional  documents  illustrative  of  the  company's  history  from  the  date  of  its 
chartering  until  after  its  dissolution  by  the  Crown  and  the  consequent  conclusion 
of  its  business.  These  documents,  764  in  number,  are  listed,  with  bibliographical 
references  as  to  their  sources,  in  the  section  of  Miss  Kingsbury's  first  volume 
(pp.  119-205)  entitled  "List  of  Records."  The  project  of  publication  formed  at  the 
time  when  those  volumes  were  issued  contemplated  the  printing,  in  additional 
volumes,  of  the  documents  thus  listed,  or  of  all  those  among  them  that  had  any 
historical  significance.  Their  texts  are  now  to  be  presented,  in  two  volumes  num- 
bered III,  IV,  of  The  Records  of  the  Virginia  Company  of  London.  The  texts 
have  been  prepared  by  Miss  Kingsbury  with  great  care  and  accuracy.  The  first 
273  of  the  documents  arranged  for  publication  are  presented  in  the  present  volume. 
A  nearly  equal  number,  completing  the  series,  will  be  presented  in  Volume  IV,  now 
in  the  printer's  hands.  The  two  volumes  will  constitute  an  addition  of  great  magni- 
tude, and  of  the  highest  interest,  to  the  materials  for  the  early  history  of  Virginia,  and 
their  preparation,  distinctly  a  labor  of  love  on  the  part  of  Miss  Kingsbur}^,  places  all 
future  students  of  that  history  under  a  heavy  debt  of  gratitude  to  their  accomplished 

Hkrbert  Putnam, 
Librarian  oi  Congress. 


The  documents  contained  in  Volumes  III  and  IV  of  the  Records  of  the  Virginia 
Company  of  London  arc  original  papers,  official  and  other,  of  the  company  or  relating 
to  it.  While  the  Court  Book  of  the  Virginia  Company,  published  as  Volumes  I  and  II 
of  this  series,  presents  minutes  of  the  meetings  of  the  corporation,  the  succeeding 
volumes  contain  materials  that  vivify  its  decisions  and  decrees,  explain  the  difficulties 
met  and  overcome  by  that  redoubtable  group  of  adventurers,  reveal  the  petty  jeal- 
ousies of  the  administrators,  and  especially  record  the  controversy  between  the 
company  and  the  Crown  that  resulted  in  the  dissolution  of  the  corporation  and  the 
creation  of  the  first  crown  colony  of  Great  Britain. 

Four  official  sets  of  records  are  herein  printed  or  cited.  Two  are  published  in  full. 
One  set  is  the  original  papers  contained  in  the  volume,  now  preserved  in  the  Library 
of  Congress,  which  has  long  been  referred  to  as  "Manuscript  Records  of  the  Virginia 
Company,  Volume  III."  One  set  embodies  records  of  action  in  law  courts  by  the 
company  or  against  the  company.  They  are  taken  from  the  records  of  the  various 
British  courts  and  were  found  in  the  Public  Record  Office.  Two  sets  are  not  here 
included  as  originally  planned.  They  have  been  published  in  full  since  this  series 
was  begun.  One  is  the  "Courte  Booke"  of  the  colony,  Februaiy  4,  1622/23,  through 
February  9,  1632/33.  It  is  now  printed  under  the  title  "Minutes  of  the  Council  and 
General  Court  of  Colonial  Virginia,"  edited  by  Dr.  H.  L.  Mcllwaine  (Richmond,  Va., 
1924).  The  other  set  of  documents  has  been  published  in  the  "Acts  of  the  Privy 
Council,  Colonial",  volume  I  (London,  1908).  Some  actions  of  the  council  that 
concerned  the  Virginia  Company  of  London  are  not  to  be  found  in  that  publication. 
They  are  therefore  here  prmted.  The  collection  called  the  Sackville  Papers,  dis- 
cussed in  the  Introduction  to  the  Records  of  the  Virginia  Company,  Volume  I,  page 
114,  was,  by  the  courtesy  of  the  third  Lord  Sackville,  examined  by  Prof.  A.  Percival 
Newton,  of  the  University  of  London,  and  the  documents  relating  to  Vuginia  were 
printed  in  1922  in  the  American  Historical  Review,  Volume  XXVII,  pages  493  to 
538  and  738  to  765.     Those  bearing  dates  earher  than  1623  are  not  here  reprinted. 

Included  in  this  volume  are  manuscripts  from  two  collections  that  are  unique. 
The  "Smyth  of  Nibley  "  papers  give  the  history  of  a  single  settlement,  called  Smyth's 
(or  Smith's)  Hundred,  that  is  typical  of  the  v?rious  hundreds  of  the  colony.  They 
extend  from  February  3, 1618/19,  to  August  1, 1622,  inclusive.  These  papers  are  all  in 
the  New  York  Public  Library.  The  "  Ferrar  Papers,"  on  the  other  hand,  now  belong- 
ing to  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge  University,  are  a  veritable  gold  mine;  their 
unique  value  is  discussed  in  the  Introduction  to  the  Records  of  the  Virginia  Company, 
Volume  I.  They  supply  a  vast  amount  of  information  through  the  correspondence 
between  the  colony  and  individual  planters  of  the  colony  and  Sir  Edwin  Sandys, 
Nicholas  Ferrar,  and  John  Ferrar,  and  also  between  Sir  Edwin  Sandys  and  the  other 
officials  of  the  company.  Only  a  few  documents  are  official,  including  two  reports 
from  the  council  in  Virginia,  a  record  of  a  Somers  Islands  court,  and  some  less  impor- 
tant items  of  this  type.  The  first  paper  bears  the  date  June  8,  1617,  and  the  last 
November  1 ,  1624.     But  only  a  few  go  beyond  midsummer  of  1622. 


On  the  other  hand,  the  "Manuscript  Records  of  the  Virginia  Company,  Volume 
III,"  do  not  begin  until  August  12,  1621,  but  continue  throughout  the  life  of  the  com- 
pany. They  differ  in  character  from  the  Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers  and  the  Ferrar 
Papers.  As  stated  above,  they  record  official  acts  of  the  council  in  Virginia  and  include 
commissions,  proclamations,  orders,  laws,  letters  to  and  from  the  council  in  London, 
and  petitions  to  the  governor  and  council  in  Virginia. 

Communications  between  the  company  and  the  King  or  the  privy  council,  and  some 
letters  to  and  from  the  governor  and  council  of  the  colony,  were  spread  on  the  minutes 
of  the  company,  and  therefore  appear  in  Volumes  I  and  II,  of  this  series.  They  are 
not  reproduced  in  Volumes  III  and  IV,  even  though  the  original  documents  are  found 
in  the  other  collections. 

All  documents  here  published  are  discussed  at  length  in  the  Introduction  to  Vol- 
umes I  and  II  of  this  series.  Practically  every  paper  indicated  as  to  be  included  in 
the  series  by  the  star  affixed  in  the  "List  of  Records"  that  appears  in  the  Introduction 
to  Volume  I  is  here  printed.  Two  documents  (List  of  Records  No.  70  and  No.  153) 
could  not  be  found,  and  it  has  proved  impossible  to  secure  a  copy  of  No.  12. 

Fifty-seven  documents  dating  earlier  than  April  28,  1619,  when  the  records  in 
Volume  I  begin,  are  printed  in  this  volume.  They  include  all  records  that  had  not 
heretofore  been  known  or  published  by  Alexander  Bro\\'Ti,  the  Virginia  Magazine 
of  History,  or  other  reliable  works  on  the  early  history  of  Virginia.  Perhaps  the 
most  important  documents  found  by  the  editor  that  are  here  included  are  the 
"Instruccons  Orders  and  Constitucons  to  S""  Thomas  Gates  knight  Governor  of 
Virginia"  of  May,  1609,  and  the  "Instructions  orders  and  constitucons  .  .  .  to  .  .  . 
S'  Thomas  West  knight  Lo:  La  Warr,"  1609/10,  by  the  Virginia  Council.  These 
are  the  first  instructions  given  by  the  competent  authority  to  a  British  colony. 

Source  material  for  the  history  of  the  company  through  the  year  1622  is  presented 
in  this  volume.  March  22,  1622,  saw  the  frightful  massacre  of  colonists  by  the 
Indians.  The  story  of  that  tragedy,  the  efi'orts  for  recovery,  and  the  beginning  of  the 
reestablished  colony  conclude  this  volume. 

The  editor  wishes  to  make  acknowledgment  to  Prof.  J.  Franklin  Jameson,  chief 
of  the  division  of  manuscripts  in  the  Library  of  Congress,  for  his  painstaking  care  in 
reading  the  proof  to  the  original  documents  of  the  "Manuscript  Records  of  the 
Virginia  Companj^,  Volume  III,"  and  to  some  of  the  photostats  of  material  in  England, 
and  also  for  his  constant  watchfulness  in  seeing  the  documents  through  the  press. 

To  Marian  Carter  Anderson  the  editor  is  indebted  for  her  valuable  and  expert 
assistance  in  preparing  much  of  the  manuscript,  and  especially  in  the  difficult  reading 
of  practically  all  of  the  proof. 

Helen  Kingsbury  Zirkle  has  prepared  the  index  of  Volume  III,  and  to  her  the 
editor  wishes  to  express  gratitude  for  the  complete  and  accurate  contribution  she  has 
made  to  the  usefulness  of  the  documents  in  historical  research. 

A  part  of  the  expense  for  reading  the  proof  and  the  cost  of  preparing  the  index 
were  met  by  a  grant  from  the  Social  Science  Research  Council. 

T  o/^     ■.r^oo  SuSAN    M.    KiNGSBURY. 

June  30,  1932. 




List  of 

Document  Records ' 

I.  1. 

II.  5. 

A  Justification  for  Planting  Virginia.     Before  1609 1 

King   and    Privy    Council.     Oaths   of   Supremacy    and    Allegiance 

administered  to  Colonists.     1607 4 

King  and  Privy   Council.     Oath  of  the  Secretary   of  the  Colony 

administered  by  Governor  and  Council  in  Virginia.     1607 6 

Popham    V.    Havercombe.     Complaint,    June    8,    1608.     Sentence, 

June  23,  1608 7 

Virginia  Council.     "Instruecons  Orders  and  ConstituCons 

to  S"'  Thomas  Gates  knight  Governor  of  Virginia."     May,  1609.-         12 

Virginia    Council.     "Instructions    orders    and    constituCons 

to S--  Thomas  West  knight  Lo:  La  Warr,"  1609/10(7). ._         24 

George  Yoardley.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Henry  Peyton.     November  18, 

1610 29 

Virginia  Council.     A  Letter  to  "S'  Raphe  Winwood."     1611  (?)--.         31 

Sir  Thomas  Smythe.     A  Letter  to  "S'  Raphe  Winwood."     April, 

1611 - 33 

Virginia  Company  v.  Sir  Thomas  Mildmaye,  James  Bryarley, 
Mathewe  de  Quester,  and  Others.  The  Bill  of  Comiilairit. 
November25,  1612 34 

Virginia  Company  v.  Sir  Thomas  Mildmaye  and  Others.  The  An- 
swer of  Sir  Thomas  Mildmaye  to  the  Bill  of  Complaint.  Decem- 
ber 11,  1612 39 

Virginia  Company  v.  Sir  Thomas  Mildmaye  and  Others.  The  An- 
swer of  James  Bryarley  and  Mathewe  de  Quester  to  the  Bill  of 
Complaint.     January  11,  1612/13 41 

Virginia  Company  v.  Sir  Henry  Nevile,  Sir  George  Huntleye,  William 

Hall,  and  Others.     The  Bill  of  Complaint.     April  28,  1613 43 

Virginia  Company  v.  Sir  Henry  Nevile,  Sir  George  Huntleye,  William 
HaE,  and  Others.  The  Answer  of  Sir  George  Huntleye  to  the  Bill 
of  Complaint.     May  18,  1613 44 

Virginia  Company  v.  Sir  Edmond  Boyd,  Sir  John  Sammes,  and 

Others.     The  Bill  of  Complaint.     October  8,  1613- 45 

Virginia  Company  v.  Sir  Edmond  Boyd,  Sir  John  Sammes,  and 
Others.  The  Answer  of  Sir  John  Sammes  to  the  Bill  of  Com- 
plaint.    November  1,  1613 45 

Virginia   Company   v.   WiUiam   Leveson.     The   Bill  of  Complaint. 

November  15,  1613 49 

Virginia  Company  v.  William  Leveson.     The    Answer    of    William 

Leveson  to  the  Bill  of  Complaint.     November  30,  1613 52 



















Records  of  the  Virginia  Company  of  London,  Vol.  I,  pp.  119-205. 
































































Virginia  Company  v.   William  Leveson.     The   Answer  of  William 

HaU  to  the  Bill  of  Complaint.     February  16,  1613/14 57 

Shareholders  in  the  Virginia  Company,  from  1615  to  1623.     March  6, 

1615/16-June  9,  1623 58 

Virginia  Company.     A  Letter  to  the  Mayor  of  Salisbury.     Decem- 
ber 19,  1616 67 

"His    Majesty's    Councell  for  Virginia."     A   Proclamation   Giving 

License  to  Any  Who  Are  in  Virginia,  to  Return  Home.     1616/17-.  68 

Governor  Argall.     Proclamations  or  Edicts.     June  7,  1617 69 

John  Rolf.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     June  8,  1617 70 

Governor  Argall.     A  Letter,    probably    to    His    Majesty's    Council 

for  Virginia.     June  9,  1617 73 

Governor  Argall.     Pardons  to  George  White,  Arthur  Edwards,  and 

Henry  Potter.     October  20,  1617 74 

Governor  Argall.     Commissions.     October  20,  1617(?) 74 

Governor   Argall.     Appointment  of  William   Powell.     October  20, 

1617(?) 75 

Governor  Argall.     A  Commission  to  Trade.     October  20,  1617 75 

Governor  Argall.     A  Commission  to  Captain  Nathaniel  Pool.     Octo- 
ber 20,  1617 75 

Governor  Argall.     A   Commission  to   Francis   West.     October  20, 

1617 75 

Governor  Argall.     A  Commission  to  Nathaniel  West.     October  20, 

1617 75 

Governor  Argall.     Confirmations  as  to  Cattle.     November  15,  1617.         76 
Citizens  of  Bermuda  Hundred.     A  Letter  to  the  Governor  of  Vir- 
ginia.    November  27,  1617 76 

Governor  Argall.     A  Letter  to  Citizens  of  Bermuda  Hundred.     No- 
vember 30,  1617 76 

Lord  De  La  Warr.     Covenant  with  Lord  Zouch.     December  27, 

1617 77 

Governor  Argall.     Memoranda.     1617/18 78 

Governor  Argall.     A  Letter  to  the  Council  for  Virginia.     1618(?) 79 

Governor  Argall.     Four  Warrants.     1618(?) 79 

A  Complete  List  in  Alphabetical  Order  of  the  "Adventurers  to  Vir- 
ginia", with  the  Several  Amounts  of  their  Holding.     1618(?) 79 

Governor  Argall.     Order  Addressed  to  the  Commander  of  Kiquotan. 

February  3,  1617/18 90 

Governor  Argall.     A  Commission  to  William  Craddock.     February 

20,  1617/18 91 

Governor  Argall.     A  Letter  to  the  Virginia  Company.     March  10, 

1617/18 92 

Governor  Argall.     Proclamations  or  Edicts.     May  10,  1618 93 

Governor  Argall.     Proclamations  or  Edicts.     May  18,  1618 93 

Sir  Edwin  Sandys,  Henry  Timberlake,  John  Ferrar.     Meeting  of  a 

Committee  for  Smythes  Hundred.     May  18,  1618 94 

Virginia  Company.     Instructions  to  George  Yeardley.     November 

18,  1618 98 

Ferdinando  Yate.     "The  Voyage  to  Virginia     .     .     .     1619" 109 

























List  of 

Records  Page 

92.  Virginia  Company.     A  Note  of  the  Shipping,  Men  and  Provisions 

sent  to  Virginia,  by  the  Treasurer  and  Company.     1619 115 

93.  John  Delbridge  Yeardley.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     [1619]..       118 

94.  Sir  George  Yeardley.     A  Letter  to  [Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     1C19] 122 

97.  Indenture  between  Sir  William  Throckmorton,  Sir  George  Yeardley, 

Richard  Berlceley,  and  John  Smyth,  and  the  Virginia  Company. 

Februarys,  1618/19 130 

99.  Lord  Zouche.  A  Warrant  for  John  Fenner,  Captain  of  "Silver 
Falcon",  and  Henry  Bacon,  Master,  to  Pass  to  Virginia.  Febru- 
ary 15,  1618/19 135 

100.  Sir  William  Throckmorton  and  Others.     A  Letter  to  Sir  George 

Yeardley.     February  18,  1618/19 136 

104.  Richard  Berkeley.     A  Letter  to  John  Smyth  of  Nibley.     April  3, 

1619 137 

103.  Sir  William  Throckmorton.     A  Letter  to  John  Smyth,  concerning 

the  Plantation  in  Virginia.     April  10,  1619 138 

105.  Sandys,  Harwood,  Worselnham,  Riche,  Johnson.     Draft  of  a  Report 

of  a  Committee  of  the  Virginia  Company.     April  27,  1619 139 

110.  Treasurer  and   Council  for   Virginia.     A   Commission   to   William 

Wye.     June  17,  1619 144 

110.  Treasurer    and    Council    for    Virginia.     A    Letter    to    Sir    George 

Yeardley.     June  21,  1619 146 

111.  George  Thorpe.     A  Letter  to  John  Smyth  of  Nibley.     July  2,  1619.       148 

112.  Committee  of  the  Council  for  Virginia.     Copy  of  Minutes  relating 

to  the  Censure  passed  on  Alderman  Johnson.     July  8,  1619 149 

113.  Committee  of  the  Council  for  Virginia.     A  Short  Draft  of  Censure 

against  Alderman  Johnson  abandoned  in  Favor  of  the  Preceding. 
Julys,  1619 150 

114.  George  Thorpe.     A  Letter  to  John  Smyth.     July  20,  1619 151 

115.  Sir  George  Yeardley.     A  Letter  concerning  Argall's  Letters  from 

Lord  Ritch.     July  20,  1619 152 

116.  John  Pory.     "A  Reporte  of  the  manner  of  proceeding  in  the  General 

Assembly  conventcd  at  James  City."     July  30,  31,  August  2,  3, 

4,  1619- - -.- 153 

117.  The  Cost  of  Furnishing  the  "Margaret."     July,  August,  and  Sep- 

tember, 1619 178 

118.  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  Sir  George  Yeardley.     August  3, 

1619 190 

119.  Gabriel  Barbor.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     August  11,  1619,       190 

120.  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  John   Ferrar.     August   16,  1619..       191 

121.  Charter  Party  with  Mr.  Williams,  of   Bristol.     August   18,  1619.-       193 

122.  Remembrances  for  Captain  Woodleefe.     September,  1619 195 

123.  "A  lyst  of  the  men  nowe  sent  for  plantacon  vnder  Captayne  Wood- 

leefe governor."     September,  1619 197 

124.  Sir   William   Throckmorton   and    his    Three   Associates.     A    Com- 

mission to  Captain  John  Woodleefe.     September  4,  1619 199 

125.  Agreement  between  Sir  William  Throckmorton,  Richard  Berkeley, 

George    Thorpe,    John    Smyth,    and    Captain    John    Woodleefe. 
September  4,  1619 201 



List  of 









LXXIX.        130. 















































Sir  William  Throckmorton,  Richard  Berkeley,  et  al.  "Ordinances 
direcCons  and  Instructions  to  Captaine  John  Woodlefe."  Sep- 
tember 4,  1619 207 

Indenture  between  the  Four  Adventurers  of  Berkeley  Hundred  and 

Robert  Coopy  of  North  Nibley.     September  7,  1619 210 

Sir   William   Throckmorton   and  his   Three   Associates.     Letter  to 

Sir  George  Yeardley.     September  9,  1619 212 

The  Certificate  of  John  Swye,  Mayor  of  Bristol,  of  the  Men  who 
shipped  in  the  "Margaret"  under  Captain  Woodleefe.  Septem- 
ber 15,  1619 213 

Account  of  A.  B.  of  the  Expenses  of  the  Voyage,  rendered  to  Sir 
WiUiam  Throckmorton  and  Associates.     September  16,  1619,  to 

September  16,  1620 214 

Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar.     September  20,  1619.       215 
Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  the  Earl  of  Southampton.     Sep- 
tember 29,  1619 216 

John  Pory.     A  Letter  to  "the  Right  hon^i^  and  my  singular  good 

lorde."     September  30,  1619 219 

Gabriel  Barbor.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     October  2,  1619-       223 

Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar.     October  4,  1619 223 

Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar.     October  18,  1619.-.       224 
Council  in  Virginia.     "The  putting  out  of  the  Teuantes  that  came 
ouer  in  the  B.   N.  w""  other  orders  of  the  Councell."     November 

11,  1619 226 

Governor  and  Council  in  Virginia.  An  Order.  November  12,  1619.  229 
Sir  George  Yeardley.     A  Certificate  with  Regard  to  the  Arrival  of 

the  "Margaret"  in  Virginia.     December  4,  1619 230 

Adventurers  and  Planters.     Copy  of  a  Petition  to  the  Council  for 

Virginia.     (1620?) 231 

Sir  Nathaniel  Rich.  Rough  Notes  for  his  Defense  before  the  Coun- 
cil of  the  Virginia  Company  on  the  Charge  of  having  altered  an 

Order  of  the  Council.     (1620?) 232 

Rough  Draft  of  a  Proposition  affecting  the  Virginia  Company  con- 
cerning Captain  Argall.     (1620?) 236 

"A  valuation  of  the  Commodities  growing  and  to  be  had  in  Virginia." 

1620 237 

Virginia  Company.     "A  Note  of  the  Shipping,  Men,  and  Provisions, 

sent  and  prouided  for  Virginia."     1620 239 

John  Rolfe.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     January,  1619/20...       241 

Sir  George  Yeardley.     A  Letter.     January  10,  1619/20 248 

John  Pory.  A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.  January  13,  1619/20.  .  249 
John  Pory.  A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.  January  14,  1619/20..  254 
John  Pory.  A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.  January  16,  1619/20..  255 
Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Robert  Naunton.     January  28, 

1619/20 259 

Account  rendered  to  Sir  William  Throckmorton  and  Associates  for 

Supplies  sent  in  the  Ship,  "London  Merchant."  February,  1619/20  260 
James  Berblocke.  An  Order  to  Mr.  Ferrar.  February  25,  1619/20.  262 
WiUiam  Weldon.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     March  6,  1619/20.       262 



List  of 



















































Sir  Thomas  Rowe,  Mr.  Leate,  Mr.  Caning,  et  al.     A  Petition  to  the 

Privy  Council  for  a  Patent.     April  3,  10,  1620 265 

William  Tracy.     A  Letter  to  John  Smyth.     April  15,  1620 266 

Copy  of  Opinion  of  Counsel  upon  the  Patents  of  the  Virginia  Com- 
pany.    May,  1620 267 

Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar.     May  1,  1620 269 

Indenture  assigning  Sir  William  Throckmorton's  Share  of  Berkeley 

Hundred  to  William  Tracy.     May  7,  1620 271 

Alderman  Johnson.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     May  16,  1620.       274 
"Treasurer,  Councell,  and  Company  for  Virginia."     A  Broadside. 

May  17,  1620 275 

Virginia  Company  v.   William  Wye.     Complaints.     Trinity  Term, 

1620 281 

William  Tracy.     A  Letter  to  John  Smyth.     June,  1620 289 

William    Tracy.     Letters   to    William    Arthard   and   John    Smyth. 

June,  1620 291 

John  Smyth.     A  Letter  to  Mr.  Berkeley.     June  1,  1620 292 

Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  the  Marquis  of  Buckingham.     June 

7,  1620 294 

Sir  George  Yeardley.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     June  7,  1620-       297 

John  Pory.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     June  12,  1620 300 

Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar.     June  12,  1620 306 

"His  Maiesties  Counseil  for  Virginia."    "A  Declaration  of  the  State 

...  in  Virginia."     June  22,  1620 307 

Privy  Council.     A  Commission  to  the  Commissioners  for  the  Treas- 
ury.    July,  1620 365 

Mr.   Russell's  Project  touching  Artificial  Wine  in  Virginia.     July, 

1620 365 

William  Tracy.     A  Letter  to  John  Smyth.     July  5,  1620 367 

Virginia  Company.     A   Commission  to   William  Tracy.     July   12, 

1620 368 

William  Tracy.     Two  Letters  to  John  Smyth.     July  14,  1620 369 

Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar.     July  19,  1620 371 

Virginia  Council.     E.xtract  from  a  Letter.     August,  1620 372 

William  Tracy.     A  Letter  to  John  Smyth.     August  2,  1620 373 

William  Tracy.     A  Letter  to  John  Smyth.     August  9,  1620 373 

Sir  William  Throckmorton  and  Associates.     Revocation  of  Captain 

John  Woodleefe's  Commission.     August  18  or  28,  1620 374 

Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar.     August  25,  1620.. _       375 
"Covenantes  and  agreementes  .  .  .   betwene  Richard  Berkeley  of 
Stoke  .  .  .   George  Thorpe  late  of   Wanswell  .  .  .   WilTm  Tracy 
of  Gayles"  and  "John  Smyth  of  Northnibly."    August  28,  1620.       376 
Commission  to  George  Thorpe  and  William  Tracy  as  Governors  of 

the  Plantation  in  Virginia.     August  28,  1620 379 

Charter  Party  between  Richard  Berkeley  and  Associates  and  Wil- 
liam Ewins,  for  the  Ship  "Supply".     August  31,  1620 381 

Account  of  A.  B.  with  Edward  Williams  for  the  Ship  "Margaret." 

September,  1620 384 

Account  of  A.  B.  for  Furnishing  the  Ship  "Supply".     September, 

1620 385 



List  of 
Document  Records  Page 

CXXXV.        203.  Berkeley,  Thorpe,  Tracy,  and  Smyth.     Agreement  with  Richard 

Smyth  and  Wife  and  Others .     September  1,1620 393 

CXXXVI.        204.  William  Tracy.     A  Letter  to  John  Smyth.     September  1,  1620 395 

CXXXVII.        205.  "  A  list  of  men  nowe  sent  for  plan tagon  in  Virginia."    September  3, 

1620... - 396 

CXXXVIII.        206.  Richard    Berkeley   and   John   Smyth.     A   Commission   to   George 
Thorpe  for  the  Government  of  the  Plantation.     September  10, 

1620 397 

CXXXIX.        207.  WiUiam  Tracy.    A  Letter  to  John  Smyth.    September  15,  1620 401 

CXL.        208.  Agreement  between  Richard  Berkeley  and  Associates,  and  Robert 

Pawlett.     September  15,  1620 401 

CXLT.        209.  Account  of  Money    expended   since    WiUiam    Tracy's    Departure. 

September  18,  1620- Michaelmas,  1621. 402 

CXLII.        210.  Thomas  Parker,  Mayor  of  Bristol.     Certificate  for  Sailing  of  the 

Ship  "Supply".     September  18,  1620 405 

CXLin.        211.  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.    A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar.    September  18,  1620.       406 
CXLIV.        212.  John  Smyth.     Account  of  Expenses  for  Virginia  Plantation.    Sent 

to  Mr.  Thorpe.     September  20,  1620 408 

CXLV.        213.  Timothy  Gate.     A  Letter  to  Mr.  WCUam  Tracy.     September  22, 

1620 409 

CXLVL        214.  John  Bridges.     A  Letter  to  John  Smyth.     September  23,  1620 410 

CXLVII.        215.  William  Tracy.     A  Letter  to  John  Smyth.     September  24,  1620...       410 
CXLVIII.        216.  William  Tracy.     A  Letter  to  John  Smyth.     September  25,  1620...       411 
CXLIX.        217.  Indenture  between   George  Thorpe,  and  Robert  Oldesworth  and 

John  Smyth.     September  30,  1620 412 

CL.        219.  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar.     October  23,  1620...       415 
CLI.        221.  George  Thorpe.     A  Letter  to  John  Smyth.     December  19,  1620.. .       417 
CLIL        226.  Earl  of  Warwick  v.  Edward  Bruster  concerning  the  Ships  "Trea- 
surer" and  "Neptune".     1621 418 

CLIII.        229.  Sir  George  Yeardley  and  the  Council  in  Virginia.    A  Letter  to  the 
Earl  of  Southampton  and  the  Council  and  Company  for  Virginia. 

January  21,  1620/21 424 

CLIV.        228.  Sir  George  Yeardley.     Certificate  to  the  Council  and  Company  of 
Virginia  of  the  Arrival  of  Planters  at   Barklay.     January  29, 

1620/21 426 

CLV.        230.  House  of  Lords.     "An  Act  [bill]  for  the  represeinge  of  the  odious 
.  .  .  sinne  of  Drunkenesse,  and  for  preventinge  the  onordinate 

Consuminge  of  Corne."     February  14,  1620/21 427 

CLVI.        232.  Sir  George  Yeardley.    Grant  of  Land  to  George  Harrison.    March  6, 

1620/21 432 

CLVII.        233.  James  I.    Proclamation  to  the  Virginia  Company  prohibiting  Lot- 
tery.    March  8,  1620/21 434 

CLVIII.        234.  George  Thorpe.    "A  note  ffor  M'.  fifelgate  to  receaue  his  ffraight." 

March  24,  1620/21 435 

CLIX.        236.  WiUiam  Powell.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwm  Sandys.     AprU  12,  1621...      436 
CLX.        237.  House  of  Commons.    Draft  of  an  Act  for  the  Freer  Liberty  of  Fish- 
ing.    April  17,  1621 439 

CLXI.        238.  Jabez  Whittaker.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     May,  1621 441 

CLXII.       239.  Richard  Bucke.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwm  Sandys.     May  3,  1621 443 



List  of 













































Sir  George  Yeardley  and  the  Council  of  Virginia.     A  Warrant  for 

Lieutenant  Saunders.     May  3,  1621 444 

George  Thorpe  and  John  Pory.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys. 

May  9,  1621 445 

George  Thorpe  and  John  Pory.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys. 

May  15  and  16,  1621 446 

George  Thorpe.    A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar.    May  15,  1621 448 

Sir  George  Yeardley.     A  Letter  to  the  New  Magazine  Company. 

May  16,  1621....' 449 

Sir  George  Yeardley.  A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.  May  16, 1021 .  450 
Sir  George  Yeardley.  A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.  May  16, 1621.  452 
Abraham  Piersey.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     May  24,  1621- .       454 

Captain  Nuce.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     May  27,  1621 455 

Francis  Smith.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     June  9,  1621 458 

Privy  CouncU.     An  Order  regarding  Freedom  of  Fishing.     June  18, 

1621 459 

Ricliard  Bucke.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     June  22,  1621...       460 

George  Thorpe.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     June  27,  1621 462 

Sir  George  Yeardley.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     June  27, 

1621 462 

John  Rowe.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     July,  1621 464 

William  Ewens.     Covenant  with  the  Company  for  Virginia.     July, 

1621 465 

William  Ewens.     Covenant  with  the  Company  for  Virginia.     July, 

1621 466 

Nicholas  Ferrar  and  Others.     A  Warrant  to  pay  George  Sandys. 

July  6,  1621 467 

John   Barnard  and  Others.     A  Warrant  to   Deputy  John   Ferrar. 

July  24,  1621 468 

Virginia  Company.     Instructions  to  the  Governor  and  Council  of 

State  in  Virginia.     July  24,  1621 468 

Treasurer  and  Company.  An  Ordinance  and  Constitution  for  Coun- 
cil and  Assembly  in  Virginia.     July  24, 1621 482 

Treasurer  and  Company.     A  Letter  to  Governor  and  Council  in 

Virginia.     July  25,  1621 485 

Council  for  Virginia.     Answer  to  the  Request  of  the  Walloons  and 

French  to  plant  in  Virginia.     August  11,  1621 491 

Virginia   Company.     A    Letter   to   the   Governor   and    Council   in 

Virginia.     August  12,  1621 492 

Virginia  Company.     A  Commission  granted  unto  Captain  Arthur 

Guy  and  Nicholas  Norburne.     August  24,  1621 498 

Treasurer  and  Company  of  Virginia.     Covenant  to  pay  Captain 

Arthur  Guy,  Robert  Joakley,  and  John  Packesall.     August  24, 

1621 499 

Treasurer  and  Company  of  Virginia.     Covenant  to  pay   Captain 

Arthur  Guy.     August  24,  1621 500 

Virginia  Council  and  Company.     A  Letter  to  Governor  and  Council 

in  Virginia.     September  11,  1621 502 

Edward  Blayney.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin   Sandys.     September  17, 

1621 ---. ---- ----       508 




List  of 








































Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar,  or  to  Nicholas  Ferrar. 

October  1,  1621 509 

Thomas  Dawson.  Note  of  Tobacco  sold  to  John  Stratford.  Octo- 
ber 20,  1621 509 

Privy  Council.     Order  to  the  Virginia  Company.     October  24,  1621..       510 

Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar.     November  5,  1621 511 

Virginia  Company.     A  Commission  to  Thomas  Smith.     November 

21,  1621 -' 513 

Virginia  Company.  Grant  to  Daniel  Gates.  November  21,  1621_-  514 
Council   and    Company   for   Virginia.     A    Commission   granted   to 

John  Huddleston.     November  21,  1621 516 

John    Bargrave.     A    Petition    to    the    Committee   for    Grievances, 

House  of  Commons.     November  (after  22),  1621 517 

Sir  Thomas  Smyth  and  Alderman  Johnson.     Reply  to  the  Petition 

of  John  Bargrave.     November  (after  22),  1621 521 

Council   and    Company   for    Virginia.     A    Commission   granted   to 

Captain  Thomas  Jones.     November  24  [21?],  1621 525 

Council  of  the  Virginia  Company.     A  Letter  to  the  Governor  and 

Council  in  Virginia.     November  26,  1621 526 

Governor  and  Council  in  Virginia.     Proclamation  warning  Persons 

going  aboard  Ships.     November  30,  1621 528 

Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar.     December  3, 1621 529 

Council  of  the  Virginia  Company.     A  Letter  to  the  Governor  and 

Council  in  Virginia.     December  5,  1621 530 

Peter  Arondelle.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     December  15, 

1621 534 

Governor  in  Virginia.     Commission  to  William  Tucker.     December 

23,  1621 535 

Mr.  Wroth.     Notes  from  Lists  showing  Total  Number  of  Emigrants 

toVirginia.     1622 536 

Patrick   Copland.     "A   Declaration  how  the  monies   (viz,  seueuty 

pound  eight  shillings  sixe  pence)  were  disposed,  which  was  gathered 

.  .  .  (towards  the  building  of  a  free  schoole  in  Virginia)."  1622..  537 
Edward  Waterhouse.     "A  Declaration  of  the  State  of  the  Colony 

and  .  .  .  a  Relation  of  the  Barbarous  Massacre."     1622 541 

Francis   West,    William   Claybourne  et  al.     Petition  to  the   King. 

1622(?) 580 

Council    in    Virginia.     Letter    to    Virginia    Company    of    London. 

January,  1621/22 581 

Peter  Arundle.     Fragment  of  a  Letter  to  John  Smyth  of  Nibley. 

January  1,  1621/22 589 

Virginia  Council.  Settlement  of  the  Wages  of  Tradesmen  in  Vir- 
ginia.    January  14,  1621/22 589 

Virginia     Company.     A     Commission    to     Theodore     Wadsworth. 

January  16,  1621/22 591 

Virginia  Company.  The  Form  of  a  Patent.  January  30,  1621/22.  592 
Lord  Keeper  Williams.     Decree  in  Chancery,  Bargrave  v.  Sir  Thomas 

Smytheetal.     February  19,  1622 598 



List  of 












































Somer  Islands  Company.     Court  for  Somer  Islands.     February  25, 

1621/22 602 

Somer   Islands   Company.     Court   for   Somer   Islands.     March   6, 

1621/22 603 

Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar.     April  9,  1622 640 

John  Bargrave.  Charges  against  the  Former  Government  of  Vir- 
ginia.    April  12(?),  1622 605 

John  Bargrave.     Petition  to  the  Privy  Council.     April  12,  1622 608 

Governor    in    Virginia.     Commission    to    Captain    Roger    Smith. 

April  13,  1622 609 

Governor    in    Virginia.     Commission    to    Captain    Ralph    Ilamor. 

April  15,  1622 610 

Governor  in  Virginia.     Order  to  Ralph  Hamor.     April  19,  1622 610 

Governor  in  Virginia.     Commission  to  Captain  Smith.     April  20, 

1622 611 

Council  in  Virginia.     Letter  to  the  Virginia  Company  of  London. 

April  (after  20),  1622 611 

Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar.     April  22,  1622 615 

Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar.     April  25,  1622 616 

Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar.     April  30,  1622 617 

"The  Accompt  of  the  charge  of  the  4  servants  sent  into  Virginia  in 

the  Ship  called  the  furtherance."     May,  1622 618 

Virginia  Company  v.  Wye.     Defense  of  Wye.     May  6,  1622 620 

Governor  in   Virginia.     A   Commission  to  Captain   Raph  Ilamor. 

May  7,  1622 622 

Governor  in   Virginia.     A   Commission  to   Captain   Roger  Smith. 

May  18,  1622 623 

Virginia  Company.  The  Form  of  a  Patent  for  Adventurers  under- 
taking to  transport  and  plant  100  Persons.     May  22,  1622 G23 

Virginia  Company.     The  Form  of  a  Patent  for  a  Planter  Only. 

May  22,  1622 629 

Virginia   Company.     A   Grant  for  a   Private   Plantation   to   John 

Bounall.     May  22,  1622 634 

Captain  John  Bargrave.     Disclaimer  of  Opposition  to  the  Present 

Management.     May  30,  1622 637 

Virginia  Company.  "A  note  of  the  shipping,  men,  and  prouisions 
sent  and  prouided  for  Virginia  ...  in  the  yeere  1621."  [End  of 
May,  1622] 639 

Captain  John  Bargrave.     Petition  to  Privy  Council.     June(?),  1622.       644 

Treasurer  and  Council  for  Virginia.     Answer  to  the  Privy  Council 

concerning  Captain  John  Bargrave's  Petition.     June(?),  1622 645 

Council  of  the  Virginia  Company.  A  Letter  to  Governor  and  Coun- 
cil in  Virginia.     June  10,  1622 646 

John  Pountis.     Petition  to  the  Governor  and  Council  of  Virginia. 

June  15,  1622 652 

The  King.     A  Letter  to  the  Privy  Council.     June  17,  1622 653 

Governor  in  Virginia.     A  Commission  to  Captain  Maddison.     June 

17,  1622 654 

Sir  Francis  Wyatt.     A  Commission  to  Sir  George  Ycardley.     June 

20,  1622 656 


























































Sir  Francis  Wyatt.     Proclamations.     June  21,  1622 658 

I .  A  Proclamation  against  Drunkeness 658 

II.  A  Proclamation  against  Swearing 659 

III.  A  Proclamation  against  taking  Boats  without  Leave  and 

stealing  Oars 659 

Robert  Newland.     A  Letter  to  Nicholas  Ferrar.     June  27,  1622....       660 
The    King.     A    Letter   to   the    Virginia    Company.     The    Virginia 

Company.     A  Letter  to  the  Governor  and  Council  in  Virginia. 

July  9,  1622 661 

Governor  in  Virginia.     A  Commission  to  William  Tucker.     July  16, 

1622 664 

Note  of  Arms  in  the  Tower  for  which  the  Virginia  Company  are 

Suitors,  July  17(?).     Before  July  29,  1622 665 

Treasurer  and  Council  for  Virginia.     Letter  to  Governor  and  Council 

in  Virginia.     August  1,  1622 666 

[John  Smyth.]     A  list  of  Servants  remaining  in  Virginia.     August 

1,  1622 674 

John  Carter.     Petition  to  the  Privy  Council.     September,  1622 675 

A  Warrant  to  the  Lord  Treasurer.     September,  1622 676 

Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar.     September  1,  1622..       676 
Governor   in    Virginia.     A    Commission   to    Sir   George   Yeardley. 

September  10,  1622 678 

Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar.     September  23,  1622.       679 
Thomasin    Woodshawe.     Petition    to    the    Governor   of    Virginia. 

Between  October,  1622,  and  January,  1622/23 681 

Richard  Pace.     Petition  to  the  Governor  and  Council  in  Virginia. 

Between  October,  1622,  and  January,  1622/23 682 

Virginia  Company.     A  Letter  to  the  Governor  and  Council  in  Vir- 
ginia.    October  7,  1622 683 

Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar.     October  13,  1622...       690 

Younge  y.  Roberts.     October  14,  1622 692 

Tliomas  Hamour.     Petition  to  the  Governor  and  Council  in  Virginia. 

October  18,  1622 695 

Governor  of  Virginia.     A  Commission  to  Captain  Raph  Hamor. 

October  23,  1622 696 

Governor  of  Virginia.     A  Commission  to  Captain  William  Eden, 

alias  Sampson.     October  24,  1622 698 

George  Sandys.     Petition   to   Governor  and  Council  in   Virginia. 

November  2,  1622 699 

Governor  of  Virginia.     A  Commission  to  Captain  Isack  Maddison 

and  Robert  Bennet.     November  12,  1622 700 

Henry  Martin.     Decree  in  Case  of  the  Virginia  Company  v.  Wye. 

December  9,  1622 701 

John    Martin.     Request  to   the   Master  of  the   Rolls    (Sir   Julius 

Caesar).     December  9,  1622 702 

Governor  and  Council  in  Virginia.     Proclamation.     December  10, 

1622 703 

John   Martin.     "The   Manner  Howe  to   Bringe  the  Indians  into 

Subiection."     December  15,  1622 704 

John   Martin.     How  Virginia  may  be  made  a  Royal  Plantation. 

December  15.  1622 707 



X.  Seals  used  by  Members  of  the  Virginia  Company 92 

Found  among  the  Ferrar  Papers. 
XI.  Autographs  of  John  Ferrar 260 

Found  among  his  private  papers. 
XII.  Parts  of  Autograph  Letters,  signed,  of  John  Pory,  Secretary  of  the  Colony, 

and  of  Gabriel  Barbor,  Manager  of  the  Lotteries 424 

XIII.  Handwriting  of  Planters  in  the  Colony 580 


S^ablr  of  lExplmvdian 

~  over  a  word  indicates  a  contraction  or  an  omission  of  letters. 

*****  indicate  an  unintelligible  word  or  part  of  a  word  in  the 
manuscript,  there  being  approximately  as  many  asterisks  as  letters  in  the 

[  ]  inclose  words  or  letters  which  are  doubtful  in  the  manuscript; 
also,  in  a  few  instances,  inclose  words  or  letters  reduplicated  in  the 

[  ]  inclosing  words  in  italics  indicate  explanations  by  the  editor; 
also,  in  a  few  instances,  italics  indicate  letters  supplied  by  the  editor  to 
complete  a  word. 

A  line  drawn  through  a  word  or  a  part  of  a  word  indicates  a  word  or 
letters  canceled  in  the  manuscript. 

II         II  inclose  words  interlined  in  the  manuscript  by  the  reviewer. 

§        §  inclose  words  interlined  in  the  manuscript  by  the  copyist. 


con  indicates  tion. 
Co''*  indicates  Court. 
Ire,  tres  indicate  letter,  letters. 
•'  indicates  pound, 
tt^,  TiLs,  Lo  indicate  Lords,  Lord. 
Ijop^  ELp^  mdicate  Lordships. 
M*«,  Ma"^  mdicate  Majesty's,  Majesty, 
o"",  yo""  indicate  our,  your, 
p  indicates  per,  par,  e.  g.  pvse  (peruse), 
p  indicates  pro. 

pi  indicates  pre,  pri,  e.  g.  pluately  (privately). 
Cb  indicates  que. 
Tfer,  Thfer  indicate  Treasurer, 
w"  indicates  weight. 

9  indicates  omission  of  letters  or  syllable,  most  often  of  er,  e.  g.  man9 
(manner) . 

^  indicates  final  es  or  et,  e.  g.  hand^  (handes). 

^^tavhs  of  tlf? 
Btrgtma  Companji  of  lUontion 

I.  A  Justification  for  Planting  Virginia 

Before  1609 

Tanner  manuscripts,  XCIII,  folio  200  (old  folio  352) 

Document  in  the  Bodleian  Library,  Oxford  University 

List  of  Records  No.  1 

A  lustification  for  planting  in  Virginia 

It  was  proposed;  ^  that  some  forme  of  writinge  in  way  of  Justi- 

fication of  our  plantation  might  be  conceiued,  and  pass,  (though  not  by 
publique  authorytye)  into  many  handes.  The  motion  seemed  to  have 
these  inducements. 

1.  First,  y*  it  mought  give  adventurers,  a  clearnes  and  satisfaction,  for 
y^  Justice  of  y''  action,  and  so  encourage  them,  and  draw  on  others. 

2.  That  y°  Spaniard  might  out  of  this  intimation  reasonably  collect,  y* 
wee  vnderstood  our  owne  case  to  be  such,  y'  the  state  would  neyther  feare, 
nor  be  ashamed  to  proceed  in  y*  persecution  ther  of,  if  any  Course  should 
bee  held  agaynst  y':  and  y*  this  lustification  of  our  owne  title,  would 
deterr,  or  at  least  retard  y®  Spaniard  from  suddayne  attempting  vs. 
And  though  it  were  sayd  then;  That  this  was  a  lowe  and  impotent  way  to 
convey  it  by  such  a  close  scedvle;  yet  [xx|  seemt,  not  to  want  example  of 
other  things  carried  in  y*  manner:  and  yet  to  haue  wrought  y^  same  effect, 
as  a  more  pubhque  declaration  of  y"  state  could  doe. 

They  w"''  differed  from  him  had  these  motiues; 

L  That  it  conduc'd  not  to  his  first  hope  of  encouraging,  or  inciting 
adventurers:  for,  they  in  this  poynt  needed  it  not,  nor  require  y*.    That 

'  Blank  space  in  the  manuscript. 


ther  is  much  of  a  Confession,  in  euery  unnessary  Apology:  y*  to  moue 
scruple,  especially  of  Conscience,  wher  ther  is  afore  quiettnes  and  no 
doubting  rather  shakes  and  deterrs,  then  settles,  or  conjarmes.  And  y* 
already  some  of  best  Judgement,  startle  vpon  y®  first  noyse  of  y*.      That 

2.  That  y''  Spaniard  hath  already  seene  more  publique,  and  authentique 
testemonyes,  of  y^  States  good  affection  to  y^  lourny,  by  establishing  it 
vnder  y"  great  seale:  and  by  y^  seconding,  and  Iterating  supply es,  then 
this  way  can  giue  him: 

Besides  it  is  more  then  probable  y*  his  Ambassador  will  forthwith  expos- 
tulate w*^  his  Ma*'^  about  this  writmg,  and  then  it  is  not  conceau'd  how 
far  his  Ma*'"  wilbe  pleasd  to  avow  yt,  w'^^  may  intimate  disavowing: 
Besides  y*  it  seemed  not  to  worke  these  good  effects  w'^''  were  pretended, 
it  hath  these  euident  dangers  in  yt. 

1  It  will  rather  hasten  y®  Spaniards  rage,  then  retard  yt;  because  he  will 
see  it,  to  grow  euery  day  harder  for  him  to  defeat  vs. 

2  It  will  rayse  vndisputably,  two  pen-adversaries  of  diuers  sortes:  The 
first  are  perfect  Spaniards,  who  will  defend  y*  title  vpon  y^  Donation,  of 
Alexander,  w'^''  is  so  grounded  vpon  the  principles  of  theyr  religion  y* 
some  of  ther  best  authors  haue  pronounced  y*  Heresy  to  doubt  yt.  And 
wee,  (though  wee  want  not  inducinge  and  Convenient  arguments  from 
God,  and  Nature  and  Nations)  yet  haue  no  such  convincinge  and  obhga- 
tory  ******  ii-s^i  especially  towards  them,  and  their  ground. 
[2]  The  second  sort  wilbe  neutrall  writers,  but  of  Spanish  affections: 
who  because  they  cannott  therby  hurt  y"  Spaniard  already  established 
there,  but  may  slacken  vs,  if  they  can  cast  scruples  into  our  Conscience 
§2  will  Wright  agaynst  y''  lawfullnes  of  plantation  in  these,  as  well  by  y® 
Spaniard,  as  by  vs,  or  any,  w'=''  must  necessaryly  grow  to  disputution  of 
so  much  intricasy,  perplexity,  and  repUcation,  as  shall  conduce  vnto 
theyr  end  of  slackning  ws.  if  no  farther.  For  when  at  first  discouery  of 
these  partes,  y"  Spaniard  did  subiect  y^  Consideration  of  yt  to  Casuists, 
and  Confessors,  it  became  so  indeterminable,  y*  he  was  forced  to  resolue 
roundly  vpon  y°  worst  way,  least  he  should  haue  none,  to  prosecute  y* 

'  The  manuscript  is  so  torn  as  to  be  illegible. 
*  See  note  at  the  end  of  the  document. 

BEFORE  1609  3 

Indians  as  Barbar's,  and  therby  Naturally  slaues.  When  after  50  yeares 
his  Fryars  declyn'd  him  from  y*  seuere  and  vnlust  course,  and  he  labourd 
by  men  of  all  learninge  to  prouide  himselfe  of  a  more  acceptable  title,  all 
y^  reasons,  w'=^  were  prepard  to  him,  by  men  of  discourse,  from  y**  Indians 
transgressing  y^  Law  of  Nature;  from  his  [ciuilians]  for  their  denying  com- 
merce: from  his  Canonists,  by  y^  Donation:  and  from  his  Deuines,  by 
preparation  of  rehgion,  were  so  incohcerent  and  so  resisted  by  one  another, 
as  many  bookes  written  in  his  defence,  were  suppressed  in  his  owne 
Kyngdome,  and  at  this  day,  from  all  y^  authors  extant,  in  y*  pointe, 
(though  they  admitt  y"  purpose  of  y®  donation,  yet  departing  from  y^ 
very  lettre)  can  be  gathered  for  him  no  title,  of  Dominion  or  property, 
but  only  a  Magistracy,  and  Empire,  by  w"""  he  is  allowed  to  remoue  such 
impediments,  as  they  had  agaynst  y^  knowledge  of  Religion. 
Because  therfore,  we  shalbe  putt  to  defend  our  title,  not  yet  pubhquely 
quarreled,  not  only  comparatiuely  to  be  as  good  as  y"  Spaniards  {w"^  we 
doubt  not  is  easy  enough,  when  it  shalbe  impugned,)  (agaynst  w''''  not 
w*^  standinge  to  gouerne  them,  ther  arises  y^  Donation,  and  y'  wee 
seek  Dominion)  but  absolutely  to  be  good  agaynst  y"^  Naturall  people: 
some  thought  it  better  to  abstayne  from  this  vnnessisary  way  of  proui- 
cation,  and  reserue  ourselues  to  y'^  defensiue  part,  when  they  shall  offer 
any  thing  agaynst  vs:  w"''  will  more  easyly  and  satisfactoryly  be  donne, 
and  we  are  like  enough  to  bee  too  soone  putt  to  yt  by  them,  when  they 
see  y^  proportion  and  forwardnes  of  this  present  supply. 

§  if  y*"  first  way  fayle  (because  I  doubt  not  of  ouerthrowmg  y^  Dona- 
tion) then  this  will  follow,  w''''  if  we  could  mayntayne  yet  w**"  such 
subtelty  of  distinction,  as  y^  merchant  wilbe  vncapable  of  satisfaction 
therby  ^  § 

'  This  paragraph  is  written  in  the  margin. 


[Indorsed:]     H  Reasons  against  publishing  the  King's  title  to  Virginea.  |1 

II.  King  and  Privy  Council.     Oaths  of  Supremacy  and  Allegiance 
Administered  to  Colonists 


Manuscript  Records  of  the  Virginia  Company,  Volume  III,  Part  i.  Pages  20,  20a 

Document  in  the  Library  of  Congress 

List  of  Records  No.  5 

1.  The  oath  of  Suprcmacie  Allegiance 

I,  M  doe  vtterHe  testifie  &  declare  in  my  conscience  y*  y^ 

kings  highnes  y*  onlie  supreame  Gouernor  of  great  Brietaine  and  of  all  the 
CoUony  of  ^  and  all  other  his  highnes  Dominions  &  Countries,  as 

well  in  all  spirituall  [and]  ecclesiasticall  things  (or  causes)  as  temporall. 
And  that  no  forreine  [prince]  person — ^prelate  state  or  potentate  hath  or 
ought  to  haue,  any  fur  ^  power,  supreortie  preheminence  or 

authoritie  Ecclesiasticcall  or  sperituall  ^  w*^in  theise  his  Realmes 

And  therfore  I  doe  vtterlie  renounce  &  for  forreine  Jurisdiction,  Powers, 
supreorties  &  Authorities,  And  doe  j>mise  ^  henceforth  I 

shall  beare  faith  &  true  Allegeance  to  y^  Kings  highnes  ^  lawfuU 

successors  &   (to  my    power,)    shall    assist    &    defend    all   Jurisdiction 
^  preheminence  &  Authoritie  graunted  &  belonging  to  y^  kings 
highnes,  ^  and  vnited  &  annexed  to  his  Imperall  crowne  &  so 

helpe  me  my  god 

[20a]     2.  The  oath  of  Allogoancc  Supremacye 

I  M  doe    trulie    and    sincerely    acknowledge,     professe 

testifie  and  declare  in  my  Conscience  before  God  &  the  world,  That  our 
Soueraigne  Lord  King  James  §Charles§  ys  lawfull  and  rightfull  King  of 
great  Britaine  and  of  the  Colony  of  Virginia,  and  of  all  other  his  Maiesties 
Dominions  and  Countries.  And  that  y''  pope  neither  of  himselfe,  nor  by 
any  Authoretie  of  the  Church  or  See  of  Rome,  or  by  any  other  meanes 
(w*""  any  other)  hath  any  power  or  authoritie  to  dispe  §depose§  the  King 
or  to  dispose  any  of  his  Ma*'*"^  Kingdomes  or  Dominions,  or  to  authorise 

•  a  blank  space  in  the  manuscript. 

1607  5 

any  forreine  prince,  to  inuade  or  anoy  him  in  his  Countries,  or  to  dis- 
charge any  of  his  subiectes  of  ther  AUegeance  and  obedience  to  his  Maiesty 
or  to  giue  licence  or  leaue  to  any  of  them  to  beare  Armes,  raise,  tumult, 
or  to  offer  any  violence,  or  hurt  to  his  Maiesti^  royall  person,  state,  Gou- 
erment,  or  to  any  of  his  Maiesties  subiectes  w*hin  his  Maiesties  Dominions. 
Also  I  doe  sweare  fro  my  hart,  that  notw*''standing  any  declaration  or 
sentence  of  Excomunication,  or  depriuation  made  or  granted,  or  to  be 
made  or  granted  by  y^  pope  or  his  successors,  or  by  any  authoritie  deriued, 
or  pretended  to  bee  deriued  from  him,  or  his  Sea  against  the  king  his 
heires  or  successors,  or  any  absolution  of  the  said  subiects  from  ther 
obedience:  I  will  beare  faith  &  true  AUegeance  to  his  Ma''"  his  heires  and 
successors  and  him  and  them  will  defend  to  the  vttermost  of  my  power, 
against  all  Conspiracies  and  attempts  whatsoeu^  w"""  shall  be  made  against 
his  or  ther  persons,  ther  Crowne  and  dignitie,  by  reason  or  Color  of  any 
such  sentence  or  declaracon,  or  otherwise,  and  will  doe  my  best  Endeauo's 
to  disclose  and  make  knowne  vnto  his  Maiestie,  his  heires  &  successo'"s, 
all  treason  and  trayterous  Conspiracies,  w"^  I  shall  heare  or  knowe  of  to 
bee  against  him  or  any  of  them.  And  I  doe  further  sweare.  That  I  doe 
fro  my  hart  abhorr.  Detest  &  abiure  as  ympious  and  hereticall,  this 
damnable  doctrine  and  position  That  Princes  w'=''  be  excomunicated  or 
depriued  by  the  pope,  may  be  deposed  or  murthered  of  ther  subiects  or 
any  other  whatsoeu^  And  I  doe  belieue,  and  in  conscience  am  resolued, 
That  neither  the  pope  nor  any  other  person  whatsoeu^  hath  power  to 
absolue  me  of  this  Oath  or  anie  parte  therof,  w"*"  I  acknowledge  by  good 
&  full  Authoritie  is  to  bee  lawfulHe  ministred  vnto  mee,  and  doe  renounce 
all  pardones  &  dispensations  to  y*'  contrarie,  And  theise  things  I  doe 
plainely  and  sincerely  accknowledge  &  swere  according  to  theise  expresse 
words  by  me  spoken.  And  according  to  y"  plaine  &  coiuon  sense  &  vnder- 
standing  of  the  same  wordC  w'^'out  any  equivocation  or  mentall  evation, 
or  secret  reseruation  whatsoeu^,  And  I  doe  make  this  Recognition  & 
accknowledgment  hartilie  willinglie  &  trulie  vpon  the  true  faith  of  a 
Christian  So  helpe  me  God ; 


III.  King   and   Privy   Council.    Oath   of  the   Secretary   of  the 
Colony  Administered  by  Governor  and  Council  in  Virginia 


Manuscript  Records  of  the  Virginia  Company,  Volume  III,  Part  i.  Page  20a 

Document  in  the  Library  of  Congress 

List  of  Records,  No.  6 

The  oath  administred  by  the  Governor  and  counsell  after  m'  Secretarie 
Dauison  death  to  Edward  Sharpies 

You  shall  keepe  ali  secret  all  matter  Comitted  &  reuealed  vnto  you,  and 
all  things  that  shall  be  treated  secretHe  at  y^  Counsell  table  vntill  such 
time,  as  by  the  Consent  of  his  Ma*'^'  Gou^nor  &  Cap*  generall  &  the  full 
consent  of  the  Counsell  of  state  then  resident,  or  the  more  parte  of  them 
publication  shalbe  made  therof  And  you  shall  most  exactlie  &  faithfullie 
to  yo""  vtmost  power  record  all  act^  &  matters  to  be  recorded  &  kept  fro 
tyme  to  tyme,  w"^  shall  be  resolued  vpon  by  the  Gou^nor  &  Counsell  of 
state,  or  the  maior  part  of  them,  &  you  shall  not  deliu^  any  thmg  con- 
cerning the  affaires  of  the  Counsell  to  any  other  person  to  bee  coppied 
out  or  ingrossed,  w**"  out  first  makeing  the  Gou^nor  accquainted  therwith 
and  leaue  obtayned.    so  hepe  you  God  &  the  Contents  of  this  Booke 

JUNE  8,  1608 

IV.  PoPHAM  VS.  Havercombe.     Complaint  and  Sentence 

Complaint,  June  8,  1608 
Sentence,  June  23,  1608 

Admiralty,  Instance  and  Prize,  Libels  73,  Nos.  274,  279 

Document  in  Public  Record  Office,  London 

List  of  Records  No.  7 

[1.  Complaint] 

Dnus  ffranciscus  Popham  miles 
filiiis  naturalis  et  Ttimus  ac  Tfna 
Anna  Popham  vi(t  relict  et  ex- 
ecutrici  noiat  in  Test'"  sive  vltima 
voluntate  honorand  viri  dni  Jotiis 
Popham  milit^  Capitahs  Justiciarii 
dni  iiri  Reg^  ad  pita  coram  eo 
tenta  con  et  adu^sus  Johem  Hav- 
ercome  nup  mgr  navis  vocat  the 
Guift  of  God  Browne  Williamson 

Quo  die  Williamson  noie  procurio 
et  vt  procurator  Ttimus  dci  Johis 
Havercome  ad  omnem  iuris 
effcum  exinde  quovismodo  sequi 
valefi  omnibus  melioribus  et  effi- 
catioribus  via  modo  ac  Juris 
forma  quibus  melius  aut  efficatius 
de  Jure  poterit  aut  potest 
debuitve  aut  debet  allegavit 
articulatim  provt  sequitur 

1  Inprimis  vizt  qd  Anno  Dni  1606  mensibusct,  in  eod  anno  Concurren  ao 
etiam  mensib"  Martii,  Aprilis,  Mali,  Junii,  Julii,  Augusti,  Septembris, 
Octobris,  Novembris,  Decembris,  Januarii  et  ffebruarii  anno  Dni  1607 
Johes  Havercome  fuit  et  erat  p  honorand  viru  dnm  Johem  Popliam 
militem  def  pro  quodam  viagio  marittimo  a  ptibus  Angliag  ad  ptibus  vltra- 
marinas  vocat  et  Cognit  p  nomen  Virginise  faciend  ac  ab  illis  ptibus 
secundum  directionem  et  mandatum  Georgii  Popham  presidis  et  alioru 
Consiliarior  dni  nri  RegC  in  ptib9  borealibus  regionis  pred  existen  ad  hoc 
Regnfi  Angliae  redeund  mgr  navarchus  sive  gubernator  navis  pred  vocat. 
the  guiffe  of  God  rite  et  ttime  Constitut  Et  ponit  Con™  diui""  et  de  quolet. 

2  Itm  quod  annis  et  mensibus  pred  dcus  Johes  Havercome  officium  sive 
munus  mgri  navis  vocat  the  guifte  of  god  pro  viagio  pred  in  se  suscepit 
et  vt  magr  sive  navarchus  dee  navis  the  guift  of  God  durante  viagio  pred 
inserviebat  ac  pro  iTigro  pro  toto  viagio  pred  fuit  et  erat  Coiter  dcus, 
tentus  hitus  noiatus  ac  reputatus  palam  pub"*  et  no''^  Et  ponit  vt  supra. 


3  Itm  qd  dcus  Johes  Havercome  anno  et  mensib'  pred  seu  eom  aliquo 
cum  navi  sua  pred  Cui  pifuit  a  ptibus  Anglise  pred  decessit  ac  versus  ptes 
vltra-marinas  vocat  et  cognit  p  nomen  Virginise  pred  navigabat  ibimqj 
salvo  appulit  Et  ponit  vt  supra. 

4  Itm  qd  tempe  appulsus  dcse  navis  in  ptibus  verginise  pred  an  dcus 
Georgius  Popham  fuit  et  erat  in  illis  ptibus  Preses  sive  gubernator  Con- 
siliarioru  dni  iiri  Reg^  in  ptibus  borealibus  regionis  pred  rite  et  Itime 
Constitut  et  allocat  Et  ponit  vt  supra 

5  Itm  that  pntly  vppon  the  arrivall  of  the  said  shipp  the  guift  of  God  in 
the  North  pt^  of  Virginia  aforesaid  the  said  John  Havercombe  m'  of  the 
said  shipp  the  guift  of  god  did  Coihitte  himselfe  his  shipp  and  Companie 
and  her  lading  vnto  the  Comaund  and  governmente  of  the  sd  President 
and  others  of  the  Counsaile  aforesaid  and  did  serve  him  and  others  of 
the  Consaile  boath  w*''  ther  boat  and  men  and  did  all  such  service  and 
labor  as  the  said  President  and  Counsaile  did  direct  and  appoint  them: 
hocq3  fuit  et  est  veru  pub™  no""  manifestu  piter  ac  famosti  Et  ponit  vt 

6  Itm  that  shortly  after  the  ]5]mises  vizt  about  the  ninth'  of  October  the 
mary  and  John  (wherew'^''  this  xxxdcnt)  §said  Havercombe§  and  the  guift 
of  god  was  Consorted  did  depte  from  vs  toward^  Beglaftd  m  tifee  hafbof 
the  sd  Havercombe  out  of  the  harbor  of  Sakadahoc  in  the  north  ptC  of 
Virginia  before  such  tyme  as  the  said  Havercombe  had  discharged  the 
said  guift  of  god  either  of  her  victualls  or  salte  and  pntly  after  the  vnlade- 
ing  of  the  salt  and  victualls  aforesaid  the  said  governor  and  others  of  the 
Counsaile  aforesaid  did  determine  to  send  the  said  Havercombe  and  his 
said  shipp  pntly  for  England  but  by  reason  of  soine  spech  of  the  people 
of  that  Countrie  that  gave  intelligence  to  the  governor  and  others  of  the 
Counsaile  that  the  ffrench  would  come  and  beseige  them  the  said  gov- 
ernor and  Counsaile  Comaunded  the  said  Havercombe  and  Companie  to 
stay  longer  in  the  said  Countrie  and  not  to  depte  Hocqj  fuit  et  est  veru 
pub'"  no""  manifestu  piter  ac  famosu  Et  ponit  vt  supra. 

7  Itm  that  by  reason  of  the  plmisses  in  the  next  picedent  ar'^  menconed 
the  said  Havercombe  and  Companie  w'^  the  guifte  of  god  aforesaid  were 

'  This  may  be  the  month. 

JUNE  8,  1608  9 

by  Comaundement  of  the  President  aforesaid  and  others  of  the  Coiin- 
saile  aforesaid  Comandedmeft*  to  stay  in  the  harbor  of  Sakadahoc  aforesaid 
and  there  did  by  the  appointment  of  the  said  governor  and  Counsaile 
remains  w**"  the  said  shipp  and  Company  and  kept  watch  and  ward  for 
the  space  of  8,  7,  6,  5,  4  3  or  at  least  two  monethes  together,  hocc^  fuit  et 
est  verii  no"'"  pub™  piter  ac  famosu  Et  ponit  vt  supra. 

8  Itm  that  dureing  the  aboad  of  the  said  Havercombe  and  Companie 
w*''  the  guifte  of  god  aforesaid  in  the  harbor  aforesaid  there  happened 
much  fowle  weather  and  Ice  in  the  said  Countrie  the  extremitie  whereof 
did  much  indanger  and  hurt  the  said  Shipp  the  guifte  of  God  wherevppon 
the  President  and  others  pceaveing  it,  did  give  directions  vnto  the  said 
Havercombe  to  ballast  the  said  shipp  and  dehvered  vnto  the  said  Haver- 
combe such  store  of  victual!  as  they  could  well  spare:  Hocq^  fuit  et  veru 
pub""  no""  manifestum  piter  ac  famosu  Et  ponit  vt  supra. 

9  Itm  that  the  said  President  and  Counsaile  had  not  sufficient  pvision 
of  victualTs  and  other  things  to  furnishe  the  said  shipp  to  send  her  for 
England  when  the  said  shipp  the  Mary  and  John  were  gone  for  England 
but  were  forced  by  reson  therof  as  alsoe  for  that  the  said  shipp  would 
have  bine  vtterly  spoiled  by  the  Ice  and  fowlnes  of  weather  aforesaid  to 
send  the  said  shipp  for  England  Et  ponit  vt  supra. 

10  Itm  that  the  said  President  and  Counsaile  did  appoint  one  Cap' 
Elliott  Cap*  of  the  said  shipp  the  guifte  of  god  in  her  returne  towards 
England  and  did  give  Comaundment  and  directions  vnto  him  and  to  the 
said  Havercombe  and  Company  to  depte  w""  their  said  shipp  the  guift  of 
god  towards  England  w*^  such  smal  provision  of  victualts  as  they  could 
spare  and  appointed  him  the  said  Havercombe  and  Eliot  to  dispose  of  and 
sell  30  mastC,  a  peece  of  ordinance  and  any  other  thing  or  goodC  they  had 
aboard  the  said  shipp  at  the  Island  of  the  Asseraes  and  appointed  them 
to  stay  and  victual!  themselues  and  Company  there  and  fitt  the  said 
shipp  the  guift  of  God  w""  such  necessaries  as  she  wanted  Et  ponit  vt 
supra  and  at  their  arrivall  at  the  Assorez  had  but  twoo  hogsheads  of 
beere,  twoo  hogsheads  of  bread  and  two  dales  pvision  of  meale  left  vn- 
spent  and  then 


11  Itm  that  the  said  Havercombe  and  Company  of  the  said  shipp  the 
guifte  of  god  after  their  depture  forom  Sakadahoc  aforesaid  toward 
England  were  m  great  §for§  need  ftftd  distrcoae  of  victualts  and  we^e  for 
want  thereof  by  the  appointement  of  the  said  Elliot  forced  to  put  into 
the  said  Island  of  Assorees  where  the  said  Elliot  did  by  CoiTiaundment  of 
the  governor  and  CounsaUe  aforesaid  sell  certeine  good^  belonging  to  the 
said  shipp  to  furnish e  the  said  ship  and  Companie  w**"  victualts  for  the 
releife  of  the  said  Company  w'=''  otherwise  would  have  pished  for  want 
thereof  Et  ponit  vt  supra 

12  Itm  that  before  such  tyme  as  the  said  Havercombe  did  put  into  the 
Assorees  w*''  his  said  shipp  the  guifte  of  God  he  and  his  Company  were  for 
want  of  drinke  forced  to  drinke  water  and  iadttfed  endured  such  penury  and 
want  that  divers  of  the  said  Company  died  for  lack  of  food  and  others  for 
want  thereof  (yf  they  had  not  bine  speedely  releived  delivered)  would 
have  likewise  pished  Hoccj,  fuit  et  est  veru  no""'"  pub""  raanifestu  piter  ac 
famosu  Et  ponit  vt  supra 

13  Itm  quod  plmissa  vid  et  singula  fuerunt  et  sunt  vera  pub'"  no'''"  mani- 
festa  piter  ac  famosa,  at%  de  et  sup  eisdem  laborabant  et  in  pnti  laborant 
pub*"^  vox  et  fama  vnde  fact  fide  de  iure  in  hac  pte  requisit  petit  ps  ista 
pponens  ius  et  iusticiam  &c. 

W.  Byrde 
[Indorsed:]  Dnus  ffranciscus  Popham  miles  et  Anna  Popham  vidua  c 
Johem  Havercom  Browne  Williamson 
Dat  p  Williamson  viij  Junii  1608. 

[2.  Sentence] 

In  dei  nomine  Amen  Auditis  visis  et  intellectis  ac  plenarie  et  mature 
discussis  p  Nos  Thomam  Crompton  iniHtem  ac  Legii  Dcorem  §Curi2e§ 
dni  iiri  Regis  suae  Admi"*  Angliae  Locumtenen  Judicem  sive  Presiden 
Itime  Deputatum,  Meritis  et  Circumstanciis  Cuiusdam  pnsse  Causse 
Civilis  sive  marittimse  quae,  Coram  §nobis§  in  Juditio  inter  Dnum  ffran- 
ciscum  Poppam  militem  filiu  nralem  et  ttmum  ac  Dnam  Annam  Popham 
viduam  relictam  et  Executor  noinat  in  Testamento  sive  vltima  voluntate 
honorandi  viri  Dni  Johis  Popham  militis  dum  vixit  Capitalis  Justiciarii 
Dni  firi  RegC  ad  plita  Coram  eo  tent  partem  agen  et  querelam  ex  vna  et 

JUNE  23,  1608  11 

Joliem  Havercombe  nup  Mr um  p'fectum  sive  gubernatorem  Navis  vocat 
the  Guift  of  God  ptem  ream  et  querelatam:  ptibus  ex  altera  vertitur  et 
pendet  indeciss  rite  et  Ttime  proceden:  Partibus  pred  p  earum  Procures 
Coram  nobis  in  Juditio  ttime  Compen:  Parterj,  dci  Johis  Havercombe 
Sniam  ferri  et  Justiciam  fieri  pro  pte  sua:  Parte  vero  memoratoru  Dni 
ffrancissi  Popham  milit^  pred  et  Annae  Popham  vid  pred  Justitiam  etiam 
pro  pte  sua  instanter  respective  postulan  et  peten  Rimatoc^  primitus  p 
Nos  atc]^  diligenter  recensito  toto  et  integro  processu  in  hfimi  Causa  habit 
et  fact  Servatis%  per  nos  de  Jure  in  hac  pte  Servandis  ad  fire  Sniae  Dif  f  inse 
sive  nri  in  hac  pte  finalis  Decreti  prolationem  in  humoi  Causa  ferend  sic 
Duxunus  procedent  fore  et  procedimus  in  hunc  qui  sequitur  modum: 
Quia  per  acta  inactitata,  deducta  allegata  exhibita  propoita  et  probata 
in  hac  Causa  Compimus  Luculenter  et  invenimus  partem  andcorum 
Dni  ffrancissi  Popham  milit^  prd  et  Anna3  Popham  vid  pred  intencionem 
suam  in  quodam  suo  Li'°  pnso  ex  pte  sua  in  humoi  Causa  vtcunrj,  dat  et 
oblat:  Quem  quide  Libellum  pro  hie  lect  et  insert  tiemus  et  haberi  vol- 
umus,  minus  sufficienter  fundasse  aut  probasse  sed  in  probatione  eiusdem 
penitus  defecisse  et  deficere:  Idcirco  Nos  Thomas  Crompton  miles  Legu 
Deor  ac  Judex  andcus  xpi  Nomine  primitus  invocato  ac  ipsum  solum 
Deum  ocuhs  firis  p'ponen  et  haben  de«b  et  Cum  Consilio  Jurisperitoru 
Cum  quibus  in  hac  parte  Comunicavimus  matureci^  deliberavimus  p'fatum 
Johem  Havercombe  ab  instancia  et  impetitione  prefataru  ptium  agen  in 
hac  Causa,  quoad  deduct  et  petita  p  ptem  suam  in  Li'°  pnso  pred  ats  ex 
pte  sua  in  hac  Causa  dat  et  oblat,  deduct  dimittend  et  absolvend  fore 
pronuntiamus  decernimus  et  declaramus,  ac  p  pntes  dimittimus  et  absolv- 
imus:  Silentiumq^  ppetuum  quoad  deducta  et  petita  in  Li'°  pnso  pred 
imponimus:  Dcumcj,  dnum  ffranciscum  Popham  militem  andict  et  tJnam 
Annam  Popham  rclictam  efe  cxccutof  predictam  in  expensis  Itimis  ex 
pte  et  per  ptem  andci  Johannis  Havercombe  in  hac  pte  factis  et  faciend 
eidemqj  solvend  Condemnamus,  Condemnatumci,  ad  debitam  et  effectu- 
alem  solucionem  earundem  ttime  Cogend  et  Compellend  fore  decernimus 
p  banc  firam  Sniam  Diffinitivam  sive  hoc  nrum  finale  Decretmn  Quam 
sive  quod  ferimus  et  promulgamus  in  hiis  scriptis:  Taxationem  vero  sive 
moderationem  humoi  expensaru  Nobis  aut  alii  Judici  in  hac  pte  Com- 
peten  Cuicunqj  reservaud  et  reservamus. 

Tho:  Crompton 


W  Byrde 

[Indorsed:]    Dnus  ffranciscus  Popham  miles  et  D^na  Anna  Popha  c  Joliem 

Havercomb  §Browne§  Williamson. 
Lecta  lata  et  pmulgata  fuit  hec  snia  p  Dnm  Thoma  Crompton  militem 
suplme  Curie  Admi''^  Anglie  Judicem  xxiij  Junii  1608. 

V.  Virginia  Council.  "Instruccons  orders  and  constitucons 
*    *     *    TO  Sr  Thomas  Gates  knight  Governor  of  Virginia" 

May,  1609 

Ashmolean  Manuscripts,  1147,  folios  175-1 90a.     A  contemporary  copy 

Document  in  Bodleian  Library,  Oxford  University 

List  of  Records  No.  10 

Instruccons  orders  and  constitucons  by  way  of  advise  sett  downe  declared 
and  ppounded  to  S''  Thomas  Gates  knight  Governo''  of  Virginia  and 
of  the  Colony  there  planted,  and  to  be  planted,  and  of  all  the  inhabi- 
tants thereof,  by  vs  his  maiesties  Counsell  for  the  Direccon  of  the 
affaires  of  that  Countrey  for  his  better  disposinge  and  pceedinge  in 
the  government  thereof  §accordinge§  to  the  authority  and  power  giuen 
vnto  vs  by  hy  virtue  of  his  Ma*'^'  Ifes  Patents: 

1  Hauinge  considered  the  greate  sufBciency  and  zealous  affeccon  w"^  you 

S'  Thomas   Gates   haue  many  waies  manifested  vnto  vs,  and  hauinge 

therefore  by  our  Commission  vnder  o'"  hand^  and  seales  constituted  and 

ordayned  you  to  be  the  governor  of  Virginia,  wee  his  Ma"°  Counsell  for 

that  plantacon,  haue  consulted  and  advised  vppon  diuers  instruccons  for 

yo""  safer  and  more  delibate  p'ceedinge,  therein,  And  therefore  doe  requier 

and  charge  §you§  accordinge  to  the  Comission  in  that  behalf  Directed  vnto 

you,  presently  with  all  convenient  speede  to  take  the  charge  and  of  our 

Fieete  of  .s.fleete  Consistinge  of  eight  good  shippes  and  one  Pinnace  and  of  sixe 

one*  pinnace        hundred  land  men  to  be  transported  vnder  yo''  Coinaund,  and  with  the 

600.  laud  men      first  winde  to  sett  sayle  for  Virginia.     And  in  yo''  passage  thither  you  shall 

s  aine  ^*^*  IstXid  nor  touch  any  of  §the  Kinge  of§  Spaines  his  Dominions  quetly 

possessed,  without  the  leaue  or  licence  of  the  governor  of  such  place  as 

you  shal  by  accident  or  contrary  windes,  be  forced  into.     Yo"  shall  also 

hold  Counsell  with  the  M""'  and  Pilotts  and  men  of  the  best  experience 

MAY,  1609  13 

what  way  is  safest  and  fittest  for  you  to  take,  because  we  hold  it  daungerous 
that  you  should  keepe  y""  old  Course  of  Dominico  and  Meins  lest  you  fall 
into  y^  hand  of  the  Spaniard,  who  may  attend  in  that  roade  [176]  ready 
to  intercept  you: 

2  When  it  shall  please  god  that  you  shall  haue  safely  attayned  the  Kings  Kings  river 
River,  and  our  Porte  and  seate  of  James  Towne  in  Virginia,  wee  advise p^"*®^  Towne 
you  to  call  §by§  proclamacon  into  some  publique  place,  all  the  governors,  Proclamation 
officers,  and  other   his   Ma*'^^  subiects  aswell   already  seated  there  as 
transported  with  you,  to  whom  you  shall  cause  yo''  Commission   to  be 

directly  reade,  whereby  significacon  may  be  had  of  his  Mat''='  pleasure  in 

estabhshinge  you  y"*  governor  of  that  Countrey  and  plantacon,  and  the 

president  Councell  and  Colony  there  may  take  notice  of  the  revocacon  of  President  &  Con- 

that  fourme  of  governement  by  the  first  Ires  Patents  constituted  and  Con-  ^*^' 

firmed,  and  accordingly  yeald  due  obedience  vnto  you  their  governor 

3  You  shall  demaund  then  and  resume  into  yo""  hands  the  former  tres 
Pattents  and  all  instruccons  &  publique  instruments  giuen  or  sent  vnto 
them  and  all  bookes  and  records  whatsoeuer  of  ye  generall  pceedings 
vntill  this  time,  and  dispose  of  them  in  the  future  accordinge  to  yo"" 

4  Beinge  setled  in  yo'  governement,  you  shall  call  vnto  you,  for  yo"' 
further  advise  and  grauer  pceedinge,  their  principall  officers  and  gentle- "|''*^°'"'^ 

men  whom  we  do  ordaine  and  appomte  to  be  of  y^  coucell  and  who  for  gin- i^  Virginia 

earHness  of  their  vndertakingC  and  their  greate  paines  and  merits  doe  well 

deserue  this  bono""  ^  respect  from  vs.     S''  George   Sumers  knight  and 

Admirall  of  Virginia,  Captaine  John  Smyth  no  we  President,  Captaine  gj^P^''"^^  °^  ^"'" 

John  Radclif,   Captaine    Peter  winne    Seiriant  maior  of  the  fort,   M'' 

Mathewe  Scrivenor  whom  out  of  our  good  experience  of  his  abilities  in 

that  kinde  we  doe  name  and  appointe  to  be  secretary  of  that  Councell,  ^°^!^^^j'*'"-^   ^    ^'° 

Captaine  John  Martine  Captaine  Richard  Waldoe,  M'  of  the  workes  [177]  M'  of  the  workes 

Captaine  Woode  and  M'  Fleetwoode  whom  we  assure  ourselves  you  will 

vse  with  all  good  respecte  in  their  places  and  to  whome  wee  expecte  that 

you  shall  giue  such  other  preferrements  as  their  former  paines  have 

deserued,  and  in  all  matters  of  importance  we  require  you  to  call  them  to 

consultacon  and  to  pceede  therein  w*''  their  advice,  and  wee  doe  giue 

1282—33 3 

0th  of  a  counsel- 



further  power  and  authority  to  you,  to  giue  the  Oathe  of  a  Counsellor  to 
such  as  are  now  named,  or  any  other  oathe  in  the  like  case,  accordinge  to 
yo''  direccon.  Provided  that  they  shall  not  haue,  single  nor  together, 
anie  bindinge  or  negatiue  voice  or  power  vppon  yo'  conclusions  but  doe 
giue  you  full  authority,  vppon  iust  occasion  to  sequester  any  of  them  from 
the  execucon  of  any  place  whatsoeuer,  and  to  depute  another  thereunto 
vntill  significacon  vnto  vs  be  here  made: 

5  You  shall  haue  power  and  authority  to  dispose  and  graunte  any  other 
offices  of  governe-  officer  or  CoiTiaunds  whatsoeuer,  either  of  governement  or  warr  except 
ms  or  warre.       g^^^j^  ^^g  ^^^  already  disposed  of  by  vs  to  any  psons  of  Rancke  or  merite 

(Adventurers  beings  first  regarded),  accordinge  to  yo'  discrecon  and  so 

discharge  or  revoke  the  same  or  to  sequester  any  so  made  or  constituted 

by  vs. 

Diviue  worship  6  You  shall  take  principall  order  and  Care  for  the  true  and  reverent  wor- 
ship of  god  that  his  worde  be  duely  preached  and  his  holy  sacraments 
administred  accordinge  to  y^  constitucons  of  the  Church  of  England  in 
all  fundamentall  pointes,  and  his  ministers  had  in  due  observance  and 
respecte  agreeable  to  the  dignity  of  their  callinge.     And  that  all  Atheisme 

prophanes  Prophanes  Popery  of  or  Schisme  be  exemplarily  punished  to  the  honor  of 

god  and  to  the  peace  and  safety  of  his  Church,  over  w"'',  in  this  tendernes 
and  infancy,  you  must  be  especially  solicitous  6?  watchefull. 


Conversion  of  Vir- 7  You  shall,  wlth  all  ppenseues  and  dihgence,  endeavour  the  conversion 
ginians  ^^  ^^^  natiues  to  the  knowledge  and  worship  of  the  true  §god§  ef  and 

their  redeemer  Christ  Jesus,  as  the  most  pious  and  noble  end  of  this  [178] 
plantacon,  w''^'  the  better  to  effect  you  must  pcure  from  them  some  con- 
Education  of  chii-yenient  nomber  of  their  Children  to  be  brought  vp  in  yo'  language,  and 
manners,  and  if  yo"    finde  it  convenient,  we  thinke  it  reasonable  you 
I  n  i  o  c  a  s  o  c  k  first  remoue  from  them  their  Iniocasockes   or   Priestes  by  a  surprise  of 
preestes  them  all  and  detayninge  them  prisoners,  for  they  are  so  wrapped  vp  in 

the  fogge  and  miserie  of  their  iniquity,  and  so  tirrified  with  their  continuall 
iniquity  tirrany  Chayned  vnder  the  bond  of  Deathe  vnto  the  Divell  that 
while  they  hue  amounge  them  to  poyson  and  infecte  them  their  mio 
mindes,  you  shall  neuer  make  any  greate  progres  into  this  glorious  worke, 
nor  haue  any  Civill  peace  or  concurre  with  them.    And  in  case  of  necessity, 

MAY,  1609  15 

or  conveniency,  we  pnounce  it  not  crueltie  nor  breache  of  Charity  to 
deale  more  sharpely  with  them  and  to  pceede  even  to  dache  with  these 
murtherers  of  Soules  and  sacrificers  of  gods  images  to  the  Divill  referringe 
the  consideracon  of  this  as  a  waighty  matter  of  important  consequence 
to  the  Circumstances  of  the  busines  and  place  in  yo''  discrecon 

8.  You  shall  for  capitall  and  Criminal  Justice  in  Case  of  Rebellion  and 

mutiny  and  in  all  such  cases  of  pht  necessity,  pceede  by  Martiall  lawe  '^^'^''^"^'  ''^'^^ 

accordinge  to  yo"'    comission  as  of  most  dispatch  and  terror  and  fittest 

for  this  governement  and  in  all  other  causes  of  that  nature  as  also  in  all 

matters  of  Civill  Justice  you  shall  finde  it  pperest  and  vsefullest  for  yo"" 

governement  to  pceede  rather  as  a  Chauncelo""  then  as  a  ludge  rather 

vppon  the  naturall  right  and  equity  then  vppon  the  nicenes  §and  tre§  of  ^^^^^^^  j.;  y,^ 

the  lawe  w^h  perplexeth  in  this  tender  body)  rather  then  dispatcheth  all 

Causes  so  that  a  Sumary  and  arbitrary  way  of  Justice  discreetely  mingled 

with  those  gravities  and  [fourmes]  of  magistracy  as  shall  in  yo""  discrecon 

seeme  aptest  for  you  and  that  place,  wilbe  of  most  vse  both  for  expedicon 

and  for  example: 

[179]  9  You  shall  for  the  more  regard  and  respect  of  yo""   place,  to  begett 

reverence  to  yo""  authority,  and  to  refresh  their  mindes  that   obey  the 

gravity  of  those  lawes  vnder  w"""  they  were  borne,  at  yo*"   discrecon  vse 

such  fourmes  and  Ensignes  of  governement  as  by  our  letters  Pattents  wee 

are  enabled  to  grant  vnto  you.   as  also  the  attendance  of  a  guarde  vppon  Governors   ps,ni 

your  pson,  and  in  all  such  like  cases  you  shall  haue  power  to  make,  adde 

or  distinguishe  any  lawes  or  ordinances  at  yo""    discrecon  accordinge  to 

the  authority  limited  in  yo""  Comission, 

10  You  shall,  for  the  place  choice  of  plantacons  obserue  two  generall  pj^nt 
rulles  that  you  rather  seeke  to  to  the  sun  then  from  it,  w^i  is  vnder  god 
the  first  cause  both  of  health  and  Riches.  And  that  also  §such§  places 
w"*^  you  resolue  to  build  and  inhabite  vppon,  haue  at  the  leaste  one  good 
outlett  into  the  Sea,  ^  fresh  water  to  the  land,  that  it  be  a  dry  and  whei 
wholesome  earth,  and  as  free  from  woode  as  possiblie  you  may,  whereby 
you  may  haue  Roome  to  discouer  aboute  you  and  vnshady  ground  to 
plant,  nere  you 


11  You  must  in  euery  plantacon  principally  pvide  of  yo'  owne  a  Comon 
Granges  or  Grauuge  and  Storehowse  of  Corne,  besides  that  w°h  you  shall  obtaine 
storehowse         by  tribute  or  trade  with  the  natiues: 


12  In  the  distribucon  of  yo""  men  accordinge  to  these  advises  and  relacons 
James  Towne      w^'h  wee  haue  receaued,  we  advise  you  to  continue  the  Plantacon  at  James 

Towne  with  a  Convenient  nomber  of  men,  but  not  as  yo""  situacon  or 
Citty,  because  the  place  is  vnwholsome  and  but  in  the  Marish  of  Virginia, 
and  to  keepe  it  onely  as  a  fitt  porte  for  yo'  Shippes  to  ride  before  to  ariue 
and  vnlade  att,  butt  neither  shall  you  make  it  yo''  principall  Storehowse 
Magazine  or  Magazui  either  of  armes  victualls  or  goods,  but  because  but  because 

it  is  so  accessable,  \\dth  shippinge  that  an  enemy  may  be  easily  vppon 
you  with  all  the  provision  and  §of§  ordinance  and  municon  and  it  is  not 
to  be  expected  that  anie  fortificacon  [180]  there  can  endure  an  enemy  that 
hath  the  leasure  to  sitt  downe  before  yt: 

13  The  place  you  chose  for  yo''  principall  Residence  and  seate  to  haue 
yo''  Catle  pvisions  of  Corne  foode  and  Magazin  of  other  municon  in,  as 
yo""  greatest  strength  trust  and  retraite,  must  be  remoued  some  good 
distance  from  any  navigable  riuer  except  with  small  boates  by  w'^h  no 
enemy  shall  dare  to  seeke  yo''  habitacon  and  if  in  this  place  some  good 
ftnd  fortificacon  be  made  to  w^h  no  ordinance  can  be  brought  by  water, 
if  you  be  pvided  of  victuall  you  may  dispute  possession  till  a  straunger 
be  wearied  and  starved. 

The  faiies  of  the  14  Aboue  the  ouer  falles  of  the  Kinges  Riuer  it  is  likely  you  shall  finde 

Kings  river         some  Convenient  place  to  this  purpose  whither  no  enemy  with  ease  can 

approache  nor  with  ordinance  at  all  but  by  land  w%  at  howe  greate  dis- 

advauntage  he  shall  seeke  when  [he]  must  discouer  and  fight  at  once 

vppon  straightes  in  woodes  at  foordes  and  places  of  all  inconveniency,  is 

easy  to  be  considered,  besides  you  shaU  haue  the  comodity  of  the  braunche 

of  the  Riuer  to   bringe  downe  your  pvisions  from  within  the  land  in 

chechehounnakCanooes  and  smalle  boates  in  the  Riuer  of  of  Chechehounnack  [or  Cheche- 

"^s""  hommack],  neere  vnto  you  and  not  farre  of  another  navagable  outlett 

Pamaouke  river    into  the  sea  by  the  Riuer  of  Pamaouke: 

MAY,  1609  17 

15  Foure  dayes  Journey  from  yo'  forte  Southewards  is  a  towne  called  Ohonahoen,  chief 
Chonahopft  Ohonahorn  seated  where   the  Riuer  of  Choanocki  devideth  •'^'''^*^ 

it  self  into  three  braunches  and  falleth  into  the  sea  of  Rawnocke  in  thirtieRaw^wTke"''^'^ 
fine  degrees  this  place  if  you  seeke  by  Indian  guides  from  James  forte  to  Winocke 
Winocke  by  water,  from  thence  to  Manqueocke,  some  twenty  miles  from  cilihe^r'''^^ 
thence  to  Caththega,  as  much  and  from  thence  to  Oconahoen  you  shall  Oconahoen 
finde    a    braue  and  [181]  fruiteful  seate  euery  way  vnaccessable  by  a 
straunger  enemy,  much  more  abundant  in  Pochon  and  in  the  grasse  silke  Pochon 
called  Cour  del  Cherva  and  in  vmes,  then  any  pte  of  this  land  knowne '^"''*'  s''''-'°  ^'""^ 
vnto  vs    Here  we  suppose,  if  you  make  yo'  principall  and  cheife  seate, 
you  shall  doe  most  safely  and  Richely  because  you  are  in  the  part  of 
§the§  land  inclined  to  the  southe,  and  two  of  the  best  riuers  will  supply 
you,  besides  you  are  neere  to  Riche  Copper  mines  of  Ritanoc  and  may  R°t'Inor'"°^ 
passe  them  by  one  braunche  of  this  Riuer,  and  by  another  Peccarecamicke  Peccarecamicke 
where  you  shall  finde  foure  of  the  englishe  aliue,  left  by  S'  Walter  Rawely 
w^h  escaped  from  the  slaughter  of  Powhaton  of  Roanocke,  vppon  the  Po'^''i^ton 
first  arrivall  of  our  Colonie,  and  Hue  vnder  the  proteccon  of  a  wiroane   "'^""'^'"^ 
called  Gepanocon  enemy  to  Powhaton,  by  whose  consent  you  shall  neuer  Gepanocon  a  wi- 
recouer  them,  one  of  these  were  worth  much  labour,  and  if  you  finde  ™^"^ 
them  not,  yet  seach  into  this  Countrey  it  is  more  pbable  then  towards 
the  north. 

16  These  three  habitacons  seeme  enoughe  for  the  nomb  of  the  people  Three  places  of 
nowe  transported,  ouer  euery  one  of  w^h  you  must  trans  appointe  a  dis- 


creete  Comaunder  that  shall  sett  yo''  men  to  seuerall  workes  accordinge 

to  their  vndertakings  in  the  bookes  by  w^h  they  were  receaued    in  euery 

one  of  these  there  must  be  builte  a  Church  and  a  storehowse  and  a  pte  of  ^/^" 

land  sett  out  for  Corne  for  the  publique  and  some  allotted  to  the  Care  of 

manuringe  and  preparinge  thereof     In  buildinge  yo""  towns  you  shall  as  i^'»i'''nge  townes 

easily  keepe  Decoril  and  order  as  confusion  and  so  you  shall  prepare  for 

ornament  and  safety  at  once  for  euery  streete  may  answere  one  another 

and  all  of  them  the  markett  place  or  Storehowse  in  the  Midle  w'^h  at  the 

leaste  must  be  paved  and  made  firme  and  Dry: 

[182]  17  Yo''  enemies  can  be  but  of  two  sortes  straungers  and  natiues,  for  Enemies. 
the  first  yo''  defence  must  be  vppon  advauntage  of  the  place  and  way  vnto '  '"^"^^'"^ 




it  for  fortes  haue  no  other  vse  but  that  a  fewe  men  may  defend  and  dispute 
their  footinge  with  them  against  a  greater  nomt)  and  to  winne  time  w4i  if 
you  can  do  a  stranger  cannot  longe  abide  where  he  must  bringe  all  his 
releis  with  him,  and  he  shall  haue  no  way  to  beseidge  you  but  by  blockinge 
you  in  and  plantinge  betweene  you  and  the  Sea  to  w'=h  if  you  haue  two 
outeletts  he  must  be  very  able  and  powerfull  that  can  do  it,  to  prevent 
this  you  shall  build  some  small  forte  that  may  discry  the  sea  neere  Cape 
Comforte,  and  there  hold  a  reasonable  Garrison  and  keepe  alwaies  watch 
and  longe  boate  that  may  be  ready  to  take  y®  alaru  and  able  to  cary 
away  o''  men,  and  munition  if  you  shall  not  be  able  to  defend  it.  Besides 
it  is  not  safe  to  lett  any  of  the  Savages  dwell  betwene  you  and  the  Sea — 
least  they  be  made  guides  to  yo'  enemies.  To  this  Comaunde  wee  desire 
Captaine  Smyth  may  be  allotted  aswell  for  his  earnest  desire  as  the  greate 
confidence  ^  trust  that  we  haue  in  his  care  6?  dihgence. 

18  The  second  enemy  is  the  Natiues  who  can  no  way  hurte  you  but  by 
fire  or  by  destroyinge  yo'  Catle,  or  hinderinge  yo'  workes  by  Stealth  or 
yo''  passages  in  small  nombers,  and  in  this  sorte  of  warr,  there  is  most 
pill  yf  you  be  not  very  CarefuU,  for  if  they  may  destroy  but  one  haruest 
or  burne  yo''  toMmes  in  the  night  they  will  leaue  you  naked  and  exposed 
to  famine  and  Cotild,  and  convey  themselues  [183]  into  wodes,  where 
revenge  wilbe  §as§  difficult  as  wi^i^eessay  as  vnnecessary  to  prevent  that 
you  must  keepe  good  watches  in  the  fielde  and  suffer  none  of  them  to 
come  nere  yo'  corne  in  those  daungerous  seasons  and  continuall  centinells 

jj^  without  the  walles  or  vttermost  Centinells  defences  in  the  night,  and  you 
must  giue  order  that  yo''  Catle  be  kept  in  heards  waited  and  attended  on 
by  some  small  watch  or  so  enclosed  by  them  selues  that  they  destroy  not 
yo''  corne  and  other  seed  provisions: 

19  For  Powhaton  and  his  Weroances  it  is  Clere  even  to  reason  beside  our 
experience  that  he  loued  not  our  neigbourhood  and  therefore  you  may  no 
way  trust  him,  but  if  you  finde  it  not  best  to  make  him  yo'  prisoner  yet 
you  must  make  him  yo""  tributary,  and  all  other  his  weroances  about  him 
first  to  acknowledge  no  other  Lord  but  Kinge  James,  and  so  we  shall 
free  them  all  from  the  Tirrany  of  Powhaton  ^  vppon  them  Euery 
Lord  of  a  Province  shall  pay  you  and  send  you  into  yo'  forte  where  you 

'  Space  in  the  manuscript. 

AIAY,  1609  19 

make  yo'  Cheif  residence  so  many  measures  of  Corne  at  euery  Harvest,  c^ome 
soe  many  basketts  of  Dye  so  many  dozens  of  skins  so  many  of  his  people  ^^^^^ 
to  worke  weekely,  and  of  euery  thinge  somewhat,  accordinge  to  his  pporcon 
in  greatenes  of  Territory  and  men,  by  w^h  meanes  you  shall  quietly  drawe 
to  yo''  selues  an  annuall  revennue  of  euery  Comodity  growinge  in  that 
Countrey  and  tribute  this  tribute  payd  to  you  for  w4i  you  shall  deliuer 
them  from  the  exeacons  of  Powhaton,  w^h  are  now  burdensome  and  ptect 
and  defend  them  from  all  their  enemies  shall  also  be  a  meanes  of  Clearinge 
much  ground  of  wood  and  of  reducing  them  to  laboure  and  trade  seinge 
§for§  this  rent  onely,  they  shall  enioye  [184]  their  howses,  and  the  rest  of 
their  travell  quietly  and  many  other  comodities  and  blessings  of  w4i  they 
are  yet  insensible: 

20  Yf  you  hope  to  winne  them  and  to  pvide  for  yo'  selues  by  trade, Co pp    vaiew 
you  wilbe  deceaued  for  already  yo'  Copper  is  embased  by  yo'  abundance  ^''^^^''^ 

and  neglect  of  prisinge  it,  and  they  will  never  feede  you  but  for  feare. 
Wherefore  if  you  pceaue  that  they  vppon  yo'  landinge,  fly  vp  into  the 
Countrey  and  forsake  their  habitacon  you  must  seise  into  yo'  custody 
half  there  corne  and  harvest  and  their  Weroances  and  all  other  their  Weroances. 
knowne  successors  at  once  whom  if  you  intreate  well  and  educate  those 
w'h  are  younge  and  to  succeede  in  the  governement  in  yo'  Manners  and 
Rehgion,  their  people  will  easily  obey  you  and  become  in  time  Civill  and 

21  Yf  you  make  freindeship  with  any  of  these  nations,  as  you  must  doe, 
Choose  to  doe  it  with  those  that  are  farthest  from  you  and  enemies  vnto 
those  amonge  whom  you  dwell  for  you  shall  haue  least  occasion  to  haue 
differences  with  them,  and  by  that  meanes  a  suerer  league  of  Amity 
And  you  shalbe  sueref  of  their  trade  ptely  for  Covetousnes  and  to  serue 
their  owne  ends,  where  the  Copper  is  yett  in  his  primary  estimacon  w'^h 
Pohaton  hath  hitherto  engrossed  and  partely  for  feare  of  Constrainte. 
Monocon  to  the  east  and  head  of  our  Riuer,  Powhatons  enemy  and  ^^^^  Monocon^^ 
Manahockes  to  y"  Northeast  to  the  head  of  the  Riuer  of  Moyompo  in  the  Moyom°pe  river 
necke  of  the  land  to  the  west  betweene  our  bay  and  the  sea.     Cathcata-  Cathcatapeins. 
peius  [185]  a  greater  Weroance  then  he  is,  also  his  enemy  to  the  Southeast 

and  South,     he  hath  no  freinde  to  the  North.     The  Masawoymekes  make 
[ee»]tm  continuall  incursions  vppon  him  and  and  vppon  all  those  that 


inhabite  the  Riuers  of  Bolus  and  Myomps  and  to  the  Northwest.  Peee 
Po  cough  tuwonough  infecteth  him  with  a  Terrible  warr,  with  those  you 
may  hold  trade  and  freindeship  good  Cheape  for  their  emotenes  will 
prevent  all  offence  w^h  must  needes  happen  betweene  vs  and  them  w°h 
we  are  mingled  with  to  the  north,  at  the  head  Bay  is  a  large  towne 
where  is  store  of  Copper  and  Furres  called  Oatna  Cataaneon  that  trade 
and  discouery  wilbe  to  greate  purpose,  yf  it  may  be  setled  yearely: 

22  Such  trade  as  you  shall  finde  necessary  or  pfitable  for  you  with  the 
Indians  you  shall  endeauour  to  drawe  them  to  seeke  of  you  and  to  bringe 
their  Comodities  into  yo""  forte  w^h  will  greatly  ease  the  imployment  of 
many  men,  and  this  you  may  bringe  to  passe  by  seeminge  to  make  litle 
estimacon  of  trade  with  them,  and  by  pretendinge  to  be  so  able  to  consist 
within  yo'  selues  as  that  you  neede  care  for  nothinge  of  theires,  but  rather 
that  you  doe  them  a  Curtesy  to  spare  such  necessaries  as  they  want  as 
leetle  Iron  tooles  or  copper  or  the  Uke  such  as  are  eesven^*  convenient  for 
traffique  and  so  one  officer  or  two  in  euery  forte,  whom  you  must  onely 
appointe  to  be  truncmasters  may  dispatch  the  whole  busines  of  trade  w'^h 
els  will  cost  you  many  mens  laboures,  if  you  seeke  it  far  from  home.  And 
fey  besides  these  you  must  by  proclamacon  or  edicte  publiquely  affixed  aed 
prohibite  and  forbidd  vppon  paine  of  punishement  of  yo"^  discrecon  all 
other  psons  to  trade  or  exchange  for  [186]  for  anythinge,  but  such  as  shalbe 
necessarie  for  foode  or  clothinge  and  vppon  all  such  comodities  of  yo"  as 
shall  passe  away  from  you  whatsoeuer  you  must  sett  prises  and  values 
vnder  w"h  the  trunckem'  must  not  trade  and  so  you  shalbe  such  to  vphold 
the  reputacon  of  yo'^  Comodity  and  to  make  yo'  traffique  Rich,  desired 
and  Certaine  Ouer  this  Truncem'  there  must  be  appointed  a  Cape  mc-hant 
Cape  m'chant  or  officer  belonginge  to  the  Store  or  provision  house  that 
must  deliuer  by  booke  all  such  thinges  as  shalbe  allowed  for  trade  and 
receaue  and  take  an  accounte  of  whatsoeuer  is  retourned  accordinge  to 
the  prises  therein  sett  and  so  beinge  booked  must  store  them  vp,  to  the 
publique  vse  of  the  Colony 

23  You  must  constitute  and  declare  some  sharpe  lawe  with  a  penaltie 
thereon  to  restrayne  the  trade  of  any  phibited  goods  especially  of  Swordes, 
Pikeheads  gunnes  Daggers  or  any  thinge  of  Iron  that  may  be  turned 
against  you  and  in  case  of  such  offence  punishe  severely  haue  also  especially 

MAY,  1609  21 

regard  that  no  arte  or  trade  tendinge  to  armes  in  any  wise  as  Smythey 
Carpentry  of  or  such  hke  be  taught  the  Savages  or  vsed  in  their  Presence 
as  they  may  learne  therein: 

24  Hauinge  deduced  yo'  Colony  into  Severall  seates  and  plantacons  that 
may  coiTiodiously  answere  and  receiue  one  another  you  must  devide  yo"" 
people  into  tennes  twenties  6=?  so  vpwards,  to  euery  necessary  worke  a 
competent  nomber,  ouer  euery  one  of  w^i  you  must  appointe  some  man 
of  Care  and  still  in  that  worke  to  ouersee  them  and  to  take  dayly  accounte 
of  their  laboures  and  you  must  ordayne  y'  euery  ouerseer  of  such  a  nomb  of 
workemen  Deliuer  once  a  weeke  an  accounte  of  the  wholle  coiTiitted  to 
his  Charge  the  [187]  Cheife  Governor  or  Captaine  of  the  fourte,  and  that 
they  also  once  a  moneth  make  the  hke  accounte  to  you  or  yo'  officer  and 
that  such  goodes  or  provisions  as  are  advanced  or  gotten  aboue  expence 
may  be  receaued  and  entred  into  the  Capemarchantes  booke  and  so  stored 
and  preserued  to  the  pubhque  vse  of  the  Colony  And  thus  you  shall 
both  knowe  howe  yor  men  are  imployed,  what  they  gett  ^  where  it  is, 
as  also  the  measure  of  yo''  p vision  and  wealth: 

25  For  such  of  yo"'  men  as  doe  shah  attend  any  worke  in  or  nere  aboute 
ft»y  §euery§  towne  you  shall  doe  best  to  lett  them  eate  together  at  season- 
able howers  in  some  publique  place  beinge  messed  by  sixe  or  fine  to  a 
messe,  in  w^h  you  must  see  there  bee  equality  and  sufficient  that  so  they 
may  come  and  retourne  to  their  worke  without  any  delay  and  haue  no 
cause  to  complaine  of  measure  or  to  excuse  their  [i]dlenes  vppon  y^ 
dressinge  or  want  of  diett.  You  may  well  allowe  them  three  howers  in  a 
somers  day  and  two  in  the  winter,  and  shall  call  them  together  by  Ringinge 
of  a  Bell  and  by  the  same  worne  them  againe  to  worke  for  such  as  attend 
any  labouer  so  farre  from  the  forte  as  they  cannot  returne  at  seasonable 
times  there  must  be  a  Steward  appointed  y*  shall  ouersee  there  Diett 
and  pvision  els  thoughe  you  giue  euery  one  a  reasonable  allowance  for 
many  dayes  some  will  eate  two  meales  at  one  ^  soe: 

26  You  shall  giue  especiall  order  to  ye  Cheif  commaunder  of  euery  forte 
that  the  Armes  powder  and  munition  be  well  stored  and  looked  into  and 
that  the  men  be  disposed  into  severall  Companies  for  warr  and  Captaines 
appointed  ouer  euery  fifty  to  traine  them  at  convenient  times  and  to 


teache  them  the  vse  of  their  armes  and  weapons  and  they  may  knowe 
whether  vppon  all  occasions  and  sudden  attempts  they  shall  repayre  to 
find  them  in  a  readines: 

[188]  27  You  must  take  especiall  care  what  relacons  come  into  England 
and  what  Ires  are  written  and  that  all  thinges  of  that  nature  may  be 
boxed  vp  and  sealed  and  sent  to  first  to  the  Councell  here  accordinge  to 
a  former  instruccon  vnto  the  late  President  in  that  behalf  directed  and 
that  at  the  ariuall  and  retourne  of  euery  shippinge  you  endeauour  to 
knowe  all  the  pticuler  passages  and  informacons  giuen  on  both  sides 
and  to  advertise  vs  accordingly: 

28  Whensoeuer  you  consult  of  any  busines  of  unportance  wee  advise  you 
to  consider  and  deliberate  all  thinges  patiently  6?  willingly  and  to  heare 
euery  man  his  oppinion  and  obieccon,  but  the  resultants  out  of  them  or 
yo""  owne  Determinacon  what  you  intend  to  Doe  not  to  imparte  to  any 
whatsoeuer,  but  to  such  onely  as  shall  execute  it  and  to  them  also  vnder 
the  sealle  of  yo'  comaundement  and  but  at  the  instant  of  their  ptinge 
from  you  or  the  execucon  of  yo''  will: 

29  Next  after  buildinge,  husbandry  and  manuringe  the  Countrey  for  the 
p vision  of  life  and  conveniency,  wee  comend  vnto  yo""  Care  foure  principall 
waies  of  enrichinge  the  Colonies  and  pvidinge  retvrne  of  comodyty  of 
w^h  you  must  be  very  solicitouse  that  our  fleetes  come  not  home  empty 
nor  laden  w**"  vseles  marchandize.  The  first  is  cither  discou^y  either  of 
the  southe  seas  or  Royall  mines  in  the  search  of  both  w^h  we  must  referre 
you  to  the  Circumstances  of  5^0''  peace  and  yor  owne  discrecon  the  second 
is  trade  whereby  you  recouer  all  the  comodities  of  those  countreys  that 
ly  far  of  and  yet  are  accessable  by  water.  The  third  is  tribute,  by  w^h 
yo"  shall  advaunce  pte  of  what  soeuer  the  next  lande  can  pvide  you  Can 
pduce.  the  fourth  is  labour  of  yo''  owne  men  in  makinge  wines  pitche 
Tarre  sope  ashes,  Steele  Iron  Pipestaues  in  sowinge  of  hempe  and  flaxe 
in  gatheringe  silke  of  the  grasse,  and  pvidinge  [189]  the  worme  and  in 
fishinge  for  Pearle  Codd  sturgion  and  such  like: 

30  Wee  require  you  to  call  before  you  Captaine  John  Radcliffe  and  one 

^  webbe  who  hath  complained  by  peticon  Deliuered  vnto  you  of 

1  A  blank  space  in  manuscript. 

MAY,  1609  23 

diuers  iniuries  and  insolences  done  vnto  him  in  the  governement  of  the 
s'^  Captaine  RadcUffe  and  accordingly  to  heare  the  cause  and  doe  iustice 
in  it  as  you  shall  finde  reason  in  it  yo'  owne  discrecon: 

31  Whereas  suite  hath  bine  made  vnto  vs  as  for  the  retourne  of  Richard 
Potts,  Dauid  Wiffin  and  Post  Ginnet  and  sufficient  reasons  declared  to 
moue  vs  to  graunte  the  same  w^h  hath  bine  agreed  vnto  by  the  Councell 
assembled,  wee  require  you  to  giue  them  their  licence  to  come  backe  by 
the  next  shippinge  w%  such  condicons  or  limitacons  of  retorne  or  other- 
wise as  you  shall  thinke  good: 

32  Whereas  Peticon  hath  bine  made  by  the  friends  of  John  Tavernor 
Capemarchant  of  the  forte  and  store  in  Virginia  for  his  retorne  vppon 
some  vrgent  occasion  and  for  some  time  into  england  we  require  you  to 
licence  him  so  to  do  if  it  be  his  desire  when  you  ariue  there.  And  we  do 
nominate  and  appointe  Thomas  Wittmgham  into  his  Roome  and  office 
beinge  one  in  whose  sufficiency  and  honesty  we  haue  greate  Confidence: 

33  There  beinge  one  George  Liste  servant  to  John  woodall  and  sent  ouer 
by  him  with  a  Chest  of  Cheurgery  sufficiently  furnished  we  require  you  to 
giue  yo""  Hcence  to  wittm  wilson  his  fellowe  yf  the  said  George  Liste  doe 
stay  with  you  to  come  backe  in  this  passage  the  better  to  enfourme  vs 
what  medicmes  and  drugges  are  fittest  to  be  pvided  for  the  vse  of  the 
colonie  agauist  y^  next  supply. 

34  You  shall  be  very  wary  of  gr*'°^'  freedomes  and  of  giuinge  yo'  sealle 
to  any  but  vppon  good  consideracon  and  greate  merite,  least  you  make 
Cheape  the  [180]  best  way  of  our  recompence  and  in  those  you  doe  you 
shall  giue  w*h  such  limitacons  of  retorne  in  reasonable  time  as  in  yo' 
discrecon  shall  seeme  good: 

35  If  it  shall  please  god  that  you  should  dy  either  in  yo'  way  or  in  yo' 
governement  (Wh  his  mercy  forbid)  before  other  order  be  taken  by  vs 
therein  wee  requier  and  comaund  that  the  councell  there  established  open 
a  blacke  boxe  Marked  with  the  figure  of  one  and  sealed  with  our  sealle 
wherem  they  shall  finde  our  determinacon  concerninge  the  successor  to  the 
governem*.  And  do  in  his  Ma"^=  name,  Charge  and  Comaund  euery  pson 
within  the  precincte  of  the  Colony  to  giue  and  yeild  due  obedience  to  him 


so  named  and  appointed  accordinge  vnto  his  Comission  vnto  him  directed 
as  they  will  aunswere  to  y"  contrary  at  their  vttermost  pill: 

36  Wee  also  requier  you  y^  present  governo""  6?  all  yo''  successors  to 
keepe  secret  to  yo''  selues  vnsealed  and  vnbroken  vp  all  such  Ires  schedules 
and  instrum*'  and  whatsoeuer  wee  shall  dehuer  you  soe  vnder  our  sealle 
especially  two  blacke  boxes  w*h  diuers  markes  wherein  are  our  Comissions 
in  Cases  of  death  or  other  vacacon  of  y°  governo''  vntill  such  time  as 
you  shall  find  yo""  self  vnlikely  to  Hue,  or  determined  to  retvrne  vppon 
w^i  occasions  wee  requier  you  that  they  be  deliuered  before  all  y^  Councell 
to  be  opened  successiuely  after  such  death  or  depture  out  of  Virginia  of 
any  Governor: 

Provided  y*  in  all  thinges  herein  contayned  except  onely  y''  succession 
wee  doe  by  these  our  tres  instruccons  binde  you  to  nothinge  so  strictely 
but  y*  vppon  due  consideracon  and  good  reason  and  vppon  diuers  circum- 
stances of  time  and  place  wherein  we  canot  here  conclude  you  may  in 
yo''  discrecon  depte  and  Dissent  from  them  and  atfeep  Change  alter  aed 
or  establishe  d  execute  and  doe  all  ordinances  or  acts  whatsoeuer  that  may 
best  conducte  to  y^  glory  of  god,  the  hono'  of  our  Kinge  and  nation  to  y^ 
good  and  pfect  establishement  of  our  Colony  Geven  vnder  our  hands 
and  eeales  councell  sealle  the  ^  Day  of  may  in  the  seauenth  yeare 

of  his  Ma''"'  Ragne  of  england  fraunce  &  Ireland  and  Scotland  y^  two 
and  fortithe: 

VI.     Virginia  Council.     "Instructions   orders  and    constitucons 
...  TO  ...  Sr  Thomas  West  knight  Lo:  La  Ware" 


Ashmolean  Manuscripts,  1147,  folios  191-205a.  A  contemporary  copy 

Document  in  Bodleian  Library,  Oxford  University 

List  of  Records  No.  11 

[201]  Instructions  orders  and  constitucons  by  way  of  advise  sett  downe 
declared  ppound  and  deliu^ed  to  the  right  ho^'*  S'  Thomas  West  knight 
Lo:  La  Warr  ^  Lo:  Governor  and  Capten  gen^aU  of  Virginea  and  of 
the  Colonyes  there  planted  and  to  be  planted  and  of  all  other  the  inhab- 

'  Blank  space  in  manuscript. 

2  The  commission  to  Lord  La  Warr  bears  the  date  28  February,  1609. 

16099)110  25 

itants  thereof  by  vs  his  Mat'^'  Councell  for  the  Companie  of  adventurers 
and  planters  in  [202]  Virginea  resident  in  England  vnder  the  hands  of 
of  some  of  vs  for  the  direccon  of  the  affares  of  that  Countrey  for  his 
better  disposinge  and  proceedinge  in  the  gou^ment  thereof  according  to 
the  Authoritie  and  power  given  vnto  vs  by  his  Mat'"^  Ires  Patents  in 
that  behalf  together  w*h  a  Copie  of  certaine  of  the  Cheifest  instruccons 
w'^h  haue  bene  form^lye  giuen  to  S"'  Thomas  Gates  knight  for  his  Direccon 
w^h  Coppie  we  haue  given  to  his  Lop.  to  pvse  and  looke  into  but  leave 
yt  to  his  Discretion  to  vse  and  put  them  in  execucon  or  to  beare  to  be 
advised  or  directed  by  them  further  then  in  his  owne  Discretion  he  shall 
thinke  meete. 

We  the  said  Councell  havinge  Considered  the  great  6?  zealous  affeccon 
w^h  you  S""  Thomas  West  knight  Lo:  Lawarr  haue  many  wayes  mani- 
fested vnto  vs  and  for  the  furtherance  and  advaunceinge  of  the  plantacon 
of  Virginea  haue  therefore  by  o''  Comission  vnder  the  handes  of  some  of 
vs  Constituted  you  to  be  Lord  gou^no''  and  Captaine  gen^all  of  Virginea 
and  for  yo''  more  safe  and  Dehbate  pceedinge  in  your  gou^m*  there; 
haue  advised  Constituted  ^  agreed  vppon  clivers  instructions  followinge 

L  First  we  require  yo''  lo^  to  take  into  yo''  charge  our  Fleete  consistinge 
of  three  good  Shippes  w*h  the  Masters  Marin9s  saylo's  and  one  hundred 
and  fyftie  landmen  goinge  m  them  to  be  transported  vnder  yo'  CoiTiaund 
w*h  what  speed  Conveniently  you  maye  vnto  Virginea  and  w*h  the  first 
winde  to  sett  sayle  for  that  place  and  in  yo'  passage  thither  not  to  lande 
or  touche  vppon  anye  of  the  kinge  of  Spaine  his  Dominions  by  him  quietly 
possessed  w%out  the  Licence  of  the  gou^nour  of  Such  place  [203]  first 
obtayned,  vnles  by  necessitie  of  winde  and  weather  you  shalbe  forced 
thereunto  in  w^h  passage  you  shall  holde  Councell  w^h  the  Masters  Pylates 
and  men  of  best  experience  what  way  is  safest  and  fitt  for  you  to  take  for 
your  arrivinge  in  Virginea 

2.  Yo'  Lo^^'  beinge  landed  there,  we  wishe  you  should  (w*h  what  con- 
venientcy  you  may  by  proclamacon  made)  call  ^q  into  some  publique 
place  all  the  governors  officers  and  other  his  Ma"''  Subiects  aswell  already 
seated  there  as  transported  w*h  you,  to  whom  you  shall  manifest  your 


Comission  and  cause  yt  to  be  publiquely  read  to  them  to  the  end  his 
Ma"'''  pleasure  may  be  knowne  as  alsoe  as  our  Choise  in  establishinge 
yo'  Lqpp  gou^no""  of  Virginea,  and  of  the  plantacon  there  And  that  the 
President  Counsell  and  Colony  there  may  take  notice  of  o''  revocacon 
of  all  form9  kind^  and  formes  of  gou^m*  constituted  or  confirmed  and 
that  they  accordingely  may  yeild  due  obedience  vnto  you  theire  Lord 
gou^no'"  and  Captaine  gen^rall  att  w'^h  tyme  we  holde  yt  fitt  you  tender 
vnto  eu^y  of  them  the  oath  of  supremacy  to  be  by  them  taken  whereby 
they  shall  manifest  theire  obedience  and  loyaltie  to  his  Ma"'  and  you 
thereby  the  better  assured  of  theire  fidelities  as  alsoe  to  be  the  rather 
encouraged  to  Comitt  matter  of  Counsell  and  Charge  vnto  them  Att 
w^h  tyme  alsoe  yo''  Lo""  shall  in  our  opinions  doe  well  to  give  gen9all 
opiniona  Comaundem*  that  all  form9  private  or  publique  Quarels,  greiv- 
ancs  or  grudgs  be  from  thenceforth  from  amongest  them  vtterly  abban- 
doned  and  forgotten  and  they  willingly  embrace  peace  and  love  as  be- 
cometh  xpians  w*hout  discention  or  hindrance  to  the  comon  good  or  quiet. 

3.  Moreover  yo""  Lo^^  shall  demaunde  and  resume  mto  yo'  hands  all 
form^  Comissions  ftU  and  all  instructions  and  pubUque  instrum*^  given 
or  sent  vnto  them  and  all  bookes  and  records  whatsoever  of  all  the 
pceedings  vntill  this  tyme  and  dispose  of  all  theire  offices  and  [204] 
places  in  the  future  accordinge  to  your  discretion  except  the  office  of 
Leiuetennte  gou^no'  w^'h  yo''  Lo^  is  by  yo""  Comission  to  bestowe  vpon 
S""  Thomas  Gates  yf  he  shalbe  there  to  execute  the  same  and  office  of 
Marshall  vppon  S'  Thomas  Dale  at  this  Cominge  thither,  and  the  office 
of  Admirall  vpon  S'  George  Silm9s  yf  he  shalbe  there  and  the  office 
of  Viceadmirall  vpon  Capten  Newport  he  beinge  there  to  supplye  the 
said  place. 

4.  Your  Shippes  beinge  discharged  of  theire  p vision  we  wishe  that  they 
the  Seamen  and  soe  manie  others  as  shalbe  needfull  for  that  worke  be 
wth  what  Convenient  speed  you  may  employed  to  theire  fyshinge  for 
Sturgeons  and  other  fish  w'^h  done  we  desier  yo''  Lo''  should  make  vp  the 
residue  of  theire  fraight  w*h  divers  of  the  best  seu9aU  Patternes  of  the 
land  Comodities  that  you  can  gett  there  havinge  regarde  more  to  the 
goodnes  and  qualitie  of  them  then  to  the  quantity  and  to  retorne  the  said 
shippes  for  England  wth  as  quick  dispatch  as  you  may  for  easinge  of  the 

1609{f)ll0  27 

Companie  of  Adventurers  of  the  charge  both  of  wages  of  the  said  Shippes 
Seamen  and  victualls  w^h  they  must  be  att  vntill  they  retorne. 

5.  After  yo''  Lo"  is  settled  in  yo""  gou^nem'  we  thinke  it  very  behofefull 
that  you  employ  soe  many  of  your  people  as  shalbe  needfull  in  sowing 
setting  and  plantinge  of  Corne  and  such  rootes  for  foode  as  you  for  yo' 
better  pvision  Sustentacon  and  maintennce  shall  thinke  meete  to  be 

6.  As  touchinge  yo''  landmen  we  thinke  fitt  yo""  Lo^  should  reduce  them  all 
into  seu^all  bandes  and  companies  of  Fyfties  or  more  when  you  thinke 
good  and  to  Comitt  the  charge  of  them  to  seu^all  officers  and  Captaines 
to  be  exercised  and  trayned  vp  in  Martiall  manner  and  warlike  Discipline. 

7.  Yo''  Lo''  is  to  take  principall  order  and  care  for  the  true  worship  and 
service  of  god  as  by  havinge  the  gospell  preched  frequent  prayers  and  the 
sacram''  often  administred  as  becometh  xpians  And  that  such  yo' 
Mynisters  and  preachers  as  shalbe  wth  you  be  had  in  due  respect  agreable 
to  theire  dignitie  and  callinge  and  that  yo""  Lo^  w*h  the  Counsell  of  yo' 
said  prechers  and  Mynisters  doe  as  occasion  shall  force  be  offered  pceede 
in  punishinge  of  all  Atheisme  pphanisme  popery  and  Scisme  by  exemplary 
punishm'  to  the  hono'  of  god  and  to  the  peace  and  safety  of  his  Church 
over  w^h  in  this  tendernes  and  infancy  yo'  Lo"  must  be  especially  solicitous 
and  watchfull. 

[205]  8.  Yt  is  very  expedient  that  your  Lo^  w*h  all  diligence  indeavo'  the 
conu^sion  of  the  natiues  and  savages  to  the  knowledge  and  worship  of 
the  true  god  and  theire  redem^  Christ  lesus  as  the  most  pious  and  noble 
end  of  this  plantacon  w^h  the  better  to  effecte  yo"  are  to  procure  from 
them  some  of  theire  Children  to  be  brought  vp  in  o'  language  and  mannas 
and  yf  you  finde  yt  Convenient  we  thinke  yt  necesserie  you  first  remove 
from  them  the  Iniococks  or  priests  by  a  surprise  of  them  and  detayninge 
them  prisoners  and  in  case  they  shalbe  willfull  and  obstinate  then  to  send 
over  some  three  or  foure  of  them  into  England  we  may  endevo'  theire 
Conu^sion  here. 

9.  We  holde  yt  requisite  that  yo'  Lo^*  in  causes  of  Ciuill  Justice  pceede 
rather  as  a  Counsello'  then  as  a  ludge  that  is  to  sale  rather  vppon  the 


right  and  equitie  of  the  thinge  in  demaunde  then  vpon  the  nicenes  and 
letter  of  the  la  we,  w^h  pplexeth  in  this  tender  body  rather  then  dispatcheth 
Causes.  Soe  that  a  Siiinary  and  arbitrary  way  of  Justice  mingled  w% 
discreet  formes  of  Magistracy  as  shall  in  your  discretion  seeme  aptest  for 
yo"  Lqp  to  exercise  in  that  place  wilbe  of  most  vse  both  for  expedicon 
and  example  and  for  Criminall  Causes  you  are  to  deale  therein  according 
to  yo^  Comission  and  good  discretion. 

10  That  yo'  Lo^  doe  not  pmitt  any  Shippe  or  vessell  to  trade  or  traffique 
w%in  yo""  precincte  to  Carrj^e  from  thence  any  Coiuodities  or  Marchandizes 
w*hout  Warrant  brought  yo"  or  sent  to  yo'  Lo^  from  the  Councell  for  the 
Companie  of  Adventurers  vnder  the  Councell  Seale. 

11.  We  doe  require  Yo''  Lo"  that  w""  what  possible  speed  and  conveniency 
you  may  after  you  are  setled  you  appointe  a  Convenient  number  w% 
guides  and  some  discreete  Comaunder  to  discou^  Northwest  South  and 
Southwest  beyonde  the  faulls  ten  or  twelve  dayes  lourney  and  that  assone 
as  may  be  Yo'  Lo^  send  vnto  vs  the  Narracon  of  that  voyage  what  rivers 
lakes  or  seas  they  finde  or  here  of  w*h  the  circilstanc  there  §vn§to 

12  Yf  S""  Thomas  Gates  be  there  arived  and  S'  George  SoiTiers  and  Capten 
Newport  or  any  of  them  that  your  Lo^  doe  give  vnto  S'  Tho:  Gates  the 
place  or  office  of  Leiuetennt  gou^no'  to  yo''  Lo^  duringe  the  tyme  of  your 
Lqp  and  his  abode  there  together  and  in  yo""  LoP'  absence  he  beinge  there 
to  be  your  Deputy  and  Cheif  gen9all  and  Comaunder  of  the  whole  Colonye 
and  feP  companie  and  to  rule  and  governe  according  to  suche  mstructions 
as  your  Lo"  shall  lymitt  and  appointe  him  and  that  S""  George  Somers  may 
haue  the  office  of  Cheif  AdmiraU  vnder  yo'  Lo^  and  [206]  that  S""  Ferdinando 
Weyneman  may  haue  the  office  of  Cheif  M'  of  the  Ordinance,  and  that 
Capten  Newport  may  haue  the  office  of  Viceadmirall  vnto  yo'  Lopp. 

13.  Your  LoP  must  take  especiall  care  what  relacons  come  into  England 
and  what  Ires  are  written  &  that  all  things  of  that  nature  may  be  boxed 
vp  and  sealed  and  sent  first  to  the  Counsell  here  accordinge  to  a  former 
instruction  vnto  the  late  Gou^no'  in  that  behalf  directed  and  that  att  the 
afivall  and  retorne  of  eu9y  Shippinge  you  endeavo'  to  knowe  all  the 
pticuler  passages  and  informacons  given  on  both  sides  and  to  adu^tise 
vs  accordingly. 

NOVEMBER  18,  1610  29 

14.  Last  of  all  for  temporall  goverm'  6?  perticuler  proceedinge  in  your 
plantacon  in  respect  of  the  shortnes  of  tyme  we  comende  vnto  your  Lo" 
the  copie  of  some  of  the  cheifest  of  the  old  instruccons  before  menconed 
to  haue  bene  formerly  delinked  to  S'  Tho:  Gates  to  be  vsed  or  refused 
as  you  shall  in  yo""  wisdome  thinke  fitt  neither  is  o'  meanes  to  tye  your 
LoP  to  the  stricte  pfourmance  of  theis  newe  instructions  but  as  occasion 
of  tyme  place  or  necessetie  shall  requi'  your  Lo"  may  doe  therein  as  shall 
seeme  best  in  your  owne  discretion.  Southampton,  Pembroke,  Phil: 
Mountgom9y,  Edw:  Cecyll.  Walt'  Cope.  Dudly  Diggs,  Will  Rumney, 
Tho:  Smyth,  Robt  Drewrye,  Robt  Maunsell,  Baptist  Hicks.  Xfofer 

The  Copie  of  the  old  instruccons  w"h  were  form^ly  w%  others  deUu^ed  to 
S'  Thomas  Gates  kn'  att  his  goinge  to  virginea  for  his  direccon  in  his 
goverm'  there,  and  nowe  are  by  vs  his  Ma''  Counsell  for  the  companie 
of  Adventurers  for  Virginea  given  to  the  right  ho*'''  the  Lo:  La  Warr 
to  looke  into  and  advise  on  and  at  his  discretion  to  vse  or  forbeare  to 
put  them  in  execucon 

Such  of  the  old  instructions  w'^h  were  formerly  given  to  S'  Tho:  Gates 
knight  and  nowe  delinked  to  the  Lo :  La  Warre  beginne  att  att  the  nynth 
instruccon  in  the  articles  in  thi  booke  w^h  by  Waye  of  advise  were  sett 
down  to  the  said  S'  Thomas  Gates  and  soe  are  written  ontill  you  come 
to  the  thirtith  instruccon  w'h  30th.  3L  32.  6?  33.  instructions  are  not 
given  his  Lo^  but  the  34*''  is  given  hun  but  not  the  35.  nor  36.  but  the 
effect  of  the  provisoe  foUowinge  is  given. 

VIL  George  Yeardley.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Henry  Peyton 

November  18,  1610 

English  History  Manuscripts,  c.  4,  new  No.,  Ms.  29724,  folio  3 

Document  in  Bodleian  Library,  Oxford  University 

List  of  Records  No.  14 

Hono'''"  S'  vpon  the  returne  of  the  last  Fleete  of  Shipps  w'h  brought  my 
Lord  La  Warr  (our  Lord  Governour  6?  Captaine  Generall,)  into  this 
Countrie;  I  did  not  ftet  forbeare  to  challenge  yo""  noble  patience  W'h 
reading  vnworthy  6?  fruitles  Lmes,  6?  although  at  this  p!sent  I  am  httle  or 


nothing  better  furnished  w^h  any  matter  of  valew,  either  for  discovery 
of  Mynes,  or  ought  els  worth  your  Knowledge,  yet  when  I  consider  yo' 
many  and  noble  favours  towards  me  (w'^h  when  I  forgett  to  acknowledge, 
let  me  for  ever  be  putt  out  of  yo""  remembrance)  I  thought  good  to  wright 
something,  if  but  thereby  to  p!serve  my  humble  service  in  yo'"  honovred 

For  the  p!sent  state  6?  condicon  of  this  Countrie,  it  wants  only  Sup- 
portes,  round  ^  free  supplies,  both  of  men  ^  moneyes,  to  make  good  the 
mayne  6?  pfitable  endes  of  a  moste  happy  plantation.  Concerning  the 
Countrie  6?  the  soile  thereof,  wee  finde  it  fertile  6?  full  of  encrease,  bringing 
forth  goodly  Corne,  many  kmde  of  Fruites,  naturall  Vines  ^  quickly 
rendring  vs  our  owne  Countrie  seedes,  5?  Rootes  w"=h  wee  bury  therein, 
as  prosperous  &?  unchangeable  for  tast  and  quantitie  as  England  it  selfe 
For  these  Comodities  of  pitch  6?  tarr  Soape  ashases.  Wood  Iron  fePc.  most 
true  it  is  Noble  S',  that  there  they  bee  most  plentifully  to  bee  returned 
home,  if  soe  bee  it  the  meanes  ^  skUfull  workemen  together  w*h  fitt 
pvisions  for  those  Labourers  (vntill  the  Colour  may  quitt  some  of  theis 
Charges,  by  planting  their  owne  Vines,  sowing  their  owne  Corne,  6? 
broodinge  their  owne  Cattaile,  Kine,  Swine,  Goates  fer'c.  w4i  would  shortly 
be,  ^  had  bin  ere  this,  had  the  Governm*  bin  carefully  6?  honestly  estab- 
lished 6?  carried  here  theis  3  yeres  passed)  may  be  provided  6?  sent  over 
to  worke  in  those  businesses. 

For  the  opening  &  finding  out  of  Silver  or  gold  wee  have  now  probable 
Intelligence  to  bee  brought  vnto:  for  w'^h  Cause  our  Lord  Governour 
hath  gathered  together  most  of  his  Choysest  men  &?  intendeth  a  voyadge 
forthw*h  vp  vnto  a  famous  fall  or  Cataract  of  Waters,  where  leaving  his 
pinasses  &?  Boates  safe  riding,  he  purposeth  to  Leade  vs  vp  into  the  Land 
called  the  Monocane  2  or  3  dayes  lourney,  where  at  the  foote  of  certaine 
mountaines  hee  meaneth  to  build  a  Forte,  &  there  to  wynter  some  of  his 
people,  who  shall  every  day  digg  at  those  mynes,  &?  though  they  prove 
not  according  to  §o'"§  expectation,  yet  wee  have  lost  nothing  but  our 
Labour,  w*h  this  advantage  neverthelesse  that  wee  shall  have  a  redoubt 
^  some  of  our  men  in  it,  against  the  next  springe,  when  his  Lp  intendeth 
to  martch  that  way  something  more  southerly  for  the  finding  out  the 
South  Sea. 

1611{?)  31 

Wee  have  some  hope  also  by  a  Westerly  Trade  thorough  a  faire  fe?  goodly 
Bay  lying  m  the  height  of  382  (some  30  leagues  from  our  owne  Bay) 
newly  discovered  since  his  Lp's  coming  heither,  from  whence  wee  j}mise 
our  selues  many  commodities  both  of  fish  from  the  Bay,  for  our  Colour, 
and  from  the  tractable  Indians  of  that  place  (of  whome  wee  have  made 
already  some  tryall)  both  Corne,  furres  6?c. 

And  (Hono'''''  S')  I  have  by  theis  few  yet  troublesome  Lines  given  you  the 
accompt  ^  truth  of  what  wee  know  and  purpose  concerning  this  his 
Ma"'^^  Countrie  6?  newe  Kingdome,  as  further  passages  herein  (materiall 
5?  worthy  yo''  Knowledge)  shall  occure  6?  bee  offred  vnto  vs,  I  will  p"'sume 
to  addresse  them  vnto  you,  ever  vowing  myselfe  in  the  vtmost  of  my 
endeavoures  to  doe  you  service,  I  kisse  yo"'  Honoured  Hand.  In  Virginia 
dated  at  James  Towne  this  xviij^''  of  November,  1610, 

At  yo''  Comaundem' 

George  Yardly 
To  the  Hono'^'*  S^  Henry  Peyton 
Knight  at  his  House  in  the 

Blackfryers  or  els  where 
Yeave  these 


VIII.  Virginia  Council.    A  Letter  to  "S''  Raphe  Winwood" 
1611  (?) 

Duke  of   Buccleuch   and   Queensberry  Manuscripts,  Winwood    Papers,  Vohime   9 
(Courtesy  of  Duke  of  Buccleuch)  ' 

Document  in  Boughton  House 
List  of  Records  No.  16 

Sir  Having  addressed  latelye  o''  L'^  to  the  Coronells  and  oth'  cheife 
Comaunders  of  the  Englishe  in  those  Netherland  partes  for  the  advauncing 
of  the  woor[^]hie  enterprise  of  planting  Coloneyes  of  o'  Natyon  in  the 
fruitfull  and  rich  Countrye  of  Virginia,  and  to  drawe  them  into  socyetye 

'  Transcript  by  Maj.  C.  A.  Markham,  of  Northampton. 


of  y'  Action,  and  consequently  to  contrybucon  towardes  the  charge  hereof: 
We  have  thought  fitt  not  onelye  to  offer  o'  selves  to  yo'  Lp:  in  like  sorte, 
but  in  regard  of  yo'  place  also,  and  personale  woorth  and  sufficyency,  to 
pray  yo""  best  assistance  in  forwarding  the  same  among  those  Noble  and 
woorthie  gen'  vnto  whom  we  have  by  o"  Lres  or  other  wise  recommended 
it.  And  for  y'"  better  informcon,  we  have  sent  yo"  herew""  a  true 
relacon  of  that  business,  in  a  book  latelye  printed,  and  published  by  vs 
concerning  it:  And  father  certefie  yo""  that  this  Actyon  having  receaved 
heartofore  many  disasserous  impedymentes  fe?  the  kt  by  the  factyousnes 
and  insufficyencye  of  sundrye  the  Governou"  and  others  in  Virginia,  is 
now  [at]  length  settled  in  so  good  order  and  forwardnes  by  the  industryous 
and  prudent  Goverment  of  the  Lo:  La  Warre,  that  we  have  resolved  to 
second  his  Lo:  w**"  three  important  Supplies,  Whearof  the  first  we  send 
p!ntelye  one  the  conduct  of  S""  Thomas  Gates  Lievtenn*  generall,  and  Sir 
Tho:  Dale  Marshall  of  Virginia,  and  the  rest  arre  to  folio  we  in  the  two 
years  next  ensuing.  And  according  hereunto  the  Adventuro''  have  also 
resolved  to  furnishe  out  this  Charge  w%  three  yearlye  Supplyes  of  Moneye, 
Some  w%  12"  [10]  s.  a  year  many  other  w*h  doble,  and  some  also  w%  [^re]ble 
that  ^  Our  desire  and  hope  is  that  y''  Lo :  will  in  all  occasions  be 

ayding  to  this  woorthy  Actyon  tending  so  much  to  the  hono'''  and  happynes 
of  o'  Natyon:  And  so  praying  y'  answear  to  be  returned  to  S'  Thomas 
Smith  ou''  Treasuro',  We  rest 
§y  anawcftf  to  fee  fcturnod  ^  S''  Thomaa  Smith§ 
yo'^  Los:  verie  loving  friendes 
H.  Southampton  Tho:  Howard 

Montgomery  R:  Lisle 

Tho:  Smythe  Robert  Mansell 

Walter  Cope 
Edwin  Sandys 
S'  Raphe  Winwood  Knight. 

[Directed:]  To   ou""   honorable   friend    S'  Raphe  Winwood  Knight    Lo. 
Ambassdo'  from  his  Matye  w'h  the  States  of  the  vnited  Provinces. 
[Indorsed,  in  another  hand:]  For  my  La:  Winwood. 
The  recommendation  of  the  plantation  of  Virginia. 

1  Space  in  the  manuscript. 

APRIL,  1611  33 

IX.  Sir  Thomas  Smythe.     A  Letter  to   S'  Raphe  Winwood 

April,  1611 

Duke  of   Buccleuch  and    Queensberry  Manuscripts,   Winwood    Papers,  Volume  9 
(Courtesy  of  Duke  of  Buccleuch) ' 

Document  in  Boughton  House 
List  of  Records  No.  17 

Duke  of  Buccleuch  at  Boughton  House. 
Right  Hon'"^ 

I  haue  recej^ed  yo'  Lynes,  bvt^  and  acquainted  the  Lords,  (And  the  rest 
of  the  Councell  for  Virginia)  w'h  them  from  we  mrftde  a  mcmbcf§  (whereof 
y"  are  made  a  member)  §  who  all  do  retourne  their  kind  thanks,  for  yo'' 
loue  and  affec*on  to  this  worthie  plantation,  and  for  yo'  readye  willingnes 
to  contrybute  to  the  same,  the  wc*^  I  haue  receyued  to  the  some  of  75'' 
and  delyuered  a  Bill  of  Aduenture  for  the  same.  And  we  do  entreate 
yo'  Lo:  solicitacon,  and  beste  furtheraunce,  to  styrre  vpp  y**  rest  of  those 
worthie  c[omma]nders  that  as  we  haue  the  hopes  of  good  successe  to  be 
raysed  amongst  them;  so  we  may  enioye  the  fruites  of  ther  g[ood]  wishes 
in  due  tyme,  to  the  vphoulding  of  the  most  Hon'''''  worke,  w'''  now  hath 
nede  of  the  assistaunce  of  such  wor[t]h[i]e  spirittes,  who  desire  the  enlargm* 
of  Christian  religion,  to  y''  glorye  of  God,  and  renownne  and  hon'  of  o"" 
King  and  Englishe  Nat° 

And  th°  wishing  y"  an  encrease  in  all  bono'  and  happynes 
I  rest 

Yo""  Lo"^^  euer  readye 
to  do  Y"  seruce 

Tho:  Smythe 
London  Aprilis 

1  Transcript  by  Maj.  C.  A.  Markham,  of  Northampton. 


X.  Virginia  Company  vs.  Sir  Thomas  Mildmaye,  James  Bryarley, 
Mathewe  de  Quester,  and  Others.     The  Bill  of  Complaint 

November  25,  1612 

Chancery  Proceedings,  James  I,  Bundle  U,  No.  2/27 

Document  in  Public  Record  Office,  London 

List  of  Records  No.  20 

To  the  right  honorable  Thom"s  Lord  Ellesmeere  Lord  Chauncellor 

of  England. 
Complayning  shewen  vnto  your  Lo^"  your  dailie  Orators  the  Treasurer  and 
Companie  of  Adventurers  and  Planters  of  the  Citty  of  London  for  the 
first  Colonie  in  Virginia  That  whereas  Diuers  of  his  Ma'''''  loving  Subiect^ 
in  the  tyme  of  the  late  Queene  Ehzabeth  of  happie  and  famous  memory 
did  discover  and  finde  out  that  parte  of  America  w"^  was  then  vppon  that 
first  discovery  named  Virginia  in  honor  of  the  said  late  Queene  and  is 
nowe  generally  §called§  and  knowne  by  the  same  name  and  did  after 
such  discou^y  made  Continewe  from  tyme  to  tyme  to  plant  and  inhabitt 
the  said  Countrie  to  there  greate  Charg  and  expences  vntill  the  tyme  of 
the  gou^ment  of  our  gratious  Sou^ainge  the  King^  Ma"*'  that  nowe  is  who 
being  enformed  by  the  said  Planters  and  Adventurers  as  well  of  there 
greate  Charge  beestowed  in  that  Discou^y  and  plantacon  as  of  the 
greate  Commodities  and  advantages  like  to  arise  vnto  his  Ma""  and  this 
Kingdome  by  the  said  plantacon  did  by  his  Lres-patent^  vnder  the  greate 
Seale  of  England  bearing  date  at  Westmister  the  three  and  twentieth  day 
of  May  in  the  seaventh  yeare  of  his  Raigne  of  England  ffraunce  and  Ireland 
and  of  Scotland  the  two  and  fortieth  for  the  propagacon  of  Christian 
ReHgion  and  reclayming  of  people  barborous  to  Civillitie  and  humanity 
Give  and  graunt  that  they  the  said  Planters  and  Adventurers  and  all 
such  and  so  many  as  should  from  tyme  to  tyme  for  ever  after  bee  ioyned 
with  them  as  Planters  or  Adventurers  in  the  said  plantacon  and  there 
Successors  for  ever  should  bee  one  body  pollitique  incorporated  by  the 
name  of  the  Treasurer  and  Companie  of  Adventurers  and  Planters  of  the 
Cittie  of  London  for  the  first  Colonie  in  Virginia  with  diuers  grauntC 
libties  franchises  p'heminences  priviledges  profittC  and  Commodities 
graunted  in  and  by  the  said  Lres-patent^  to  the  said  Treasurer  and  Com- 
panie and  there  Successors  for  ever  as  in  and  by  the  said  Lres-patent^ 

NOVEMBER  25,  1612  35 

more  at  large  it  doth  and  may  appeare.  And  whereas  allso  his  gratious 
Ma*^  by  other  his  Lres-patent^  vnder  the  greate  Seale  of  England  bearing 
date  at  Westm9  the  twelveth  day  of  March  in  the  nynth  yeare  of  his 
Raigne  of  England  ffraunce  and  Ireland  and  of  Scotland  the  fyve  and 
fortieth  tendring  the  good  and  happie  successe  of  the  said  plantacon 
bothe  in  regard  of  the  generall  weale  of  humane  societie  as  in  respect  of 
the  good  of  his  Ma'-'  owne  estate  and  Ivingdomes  and  being  willing  to 
give  furtheraunce  vnto  all  good  meanes  that  might  advaunce  the  benefitt 
of  the  said  Companie  and  w"''  might  secure  the  safetie  of  his  Subiect^ 
planted  in  the  said  Colony  vnder  the  favour  of  God  Allmightie  and  his 
Ma'"  Roiall  power  and  authoritie  did  likewise  Give  graunt  and  Confirme 
vnto  the  said  Treasurer  and  Companie  the  said  Country  of  Virginia  with 
further  extent  of  ground  and  Islands  adiacent  in  the  said  Lres-patentC 
menconed  and  graunted  togeather  with  such  further  priviledges  as  to  his 
gratious  wisdome  did  seeme  Convenient  for  the  advauncing  of  so  noble 
an  accon  And  his  said  Ma"'  of  his  more  abundant  grace  and  favour  to 
the  said  plantacon  did  allso  Cause  a  peculier  and  speall  Clause  to  bee 
inserted  in  the  said  Ires-patents  namelie  that  whereas  the  faihng  and 
non  paym*  of  such  somes  of  money  as  haue  beene  promised  in  adventure  for 
the  advauncem*  of  the  said  plantacon  hath  beene  often  by  expience  found 
to  bee  daungerous  and  p'"iudiciall  to  the  same  and  much  to  haue  hindered 
the  pgresse  and  pceeding  of  the  said  plantacon  and  for  that  it  seemed 
vnto  his  Ma""  a  thing  reasonable  that  such  psons  as  by  there  hand-wryting 
haue  engaged  themselves  for  the  paym'  of  there  adventures  and  after- 
wards neglecting  there  faith  and  pmise  should  bee  Compellable  to  make 
good  and  keepe  the  same  that  therefore  his  Mat'^^  will  and  pleasure  was 
that  in  any  sute  or  sutes  Commenced  or  to  bee  Commenced  in  any  of  his 
Matie«  Courts  at  Westm9  or  ells  where  by  the  said  Treasurer  and  Companie 
or  otherwise  against  any  such  pson  or  psons  that  his  Judges  for  the  tyme 
being  bothe  in  the  Courte  of  Chauncery  and  at  the  Common  lawe  should 
favour  and  further  the  said  sutes  so  farr  foorth  as  lawe  and  equitie  will 
in  any  wise  suffer  and  pmitt  as  in  and  by  the  said  last  recited  tres-patentS 
amongst  diuers  other  favours  and  priviledges  therein  Contayned  it  doth 
and  may  more  at  large  appeare.  And  after  the  said  first  grant  of  incor- 
poracon  so  obtained  the  said  Treasurer  and  Companie  did  sett  out 
Certaine  shipps  brought  and  furnished  with  all  kinde  of  necessarie  pro- 


visions  and  munition  and  well  manned  with  souldiers  and  psons  of  other 
quallities  and  Condicons  fitt  for  such  an  enterprise  hoping  and  intending 
thereby  and  by  that  greate  Charge  and  p'"paracon  to  haue  pfected  and 
setled  that  plantacon  But  finding  it  afterwards  to  bee  a  worke  of  greater 
difRcultie  and  being  enformed  by  S""  Thomas  Gates  Knight  (whome  they 
had  imploied  there  with  the  Charge  and  title  of  Generall  of  that  Colonie 
who  was  newly  sent  home  from  Virginia  for  that  busines)  that  a  greater 
supply  of  men  and  money  must  bee  had  and  was  requisite  and  necessary 
for  the  accomplishm*  of  that  honorable  accon  and  the  establishm*  of  the 
said  plantacon  the  said  Companie  entred  into  a  newe  Counsell  and  finding 
that  without  a  newe  aide  and  supplie  to  bee  sent  vnto  Virginia  (such  as 
was  required  by  the  said  S'  Thomas  Gates  in  the  name  of  the  Lord  Gov- 
ernor and  Colonie  there)  so  honorable  and  rehgious  an  accon  must  fall 
to  the  ground  to  the  vtter  ou^throwe  of  the  said  Companie  the  losse  of 
all  there  former  Charges  and  expence  the  detriment  of  Christian  Religion 
and  greate  preiudice  vnto  this  Kingdome  It  was  finally  Concluded  and 
agreed  that  as  well  all  those  who  had  beene  former  Adventurers  in  the 
said  plantacon  and  free  of  the  said  Companie  as  those  who  were  to  bee 
receaved  into  the  freedome  societie  and  fellowshipp  of  the  said  Companie 
for  the  tyme  to  Come  should  seu^ally  and  pticulerly  adventure  and  lay 
Downe  §towards§  a  newe  supply  to  bee  sent  for  the  reliefe  of  the  said 
Colonie  in  Virginia  the  some  of  seaven  and  thirty  pounds  and  tenn  shilling^ 
at  leaste  for  eu9y  pticuler  mans  adventure  the  said  soiTie  to  bee  paid  in 
three  yeares  that  is  to  say  the  soiTie  of  twelve  pounds  and  tenn  shilling^ 
eu9y  yeare  and  the  first  paym*  thereof  to  begynn  and  bee  at  the  tyme  of 
such  psons  vnderwryting  Wherevppon  the  same  being  made  knowne  diuers 
and  sundry  psons  as  well  of  those  who  were  free  of  the  said  Companie  as 
others  that  desired  to  bee  free  of  the  said  fellowshipp  and  Corporacon 
(in  Consideracon  of  there  freedome  and  for  that  there  names  must  bee 
inserted  as  freemen  and  Adventurers  in  the  said  second  J^es  pateft  Lres- 
patentS  and  for  diuers  other  good  Causes  and  Consideracons  them  there- 
vnto  moving)  Did  promise  vnto  the  said  Treasurer  and  Companie  that 
they  would  disbursse  pay  in  and  deliuer  vnto  the  said  Treasurer  eu^y 
one  of  them  the  soiTie  of  seaven  and  thirtie  pounds  and  tenn  shilling^  at 
least  And  diuers  other  psons  out  of  there  good  affeccon  and  inclinacon 
to  so  honorable  and  Christian  an  accon  did  promise  to  disbursse  and  pay 

NOVEMBER  25,  1612  37 

in  vnto  the  said  Treasurer  greater  somes  of  money  whereof  the  paym*^ 
were  to  bee  made  in  three  yeares  pportionably  in  manner  aforesaid.  And 
therevppon  in  the  monethes  of  October  November  and  December  in  the 
eight  yeare  of  his  Ma^^  happie  Raigne  and  at  diners  tymes  since  in  a  booke 
and  in  Certaine  Rolles  to  that  purpose  made  by  gen^all  advise  and  Con- 
sent with  a  title  and  inscripeon  m  the  begynning  of  the  said  booke  and 
seu^all  Rolles  Contayning  the  purpose  and  pmises  of  the  said  Adventurers 
eu9y  one  of  the  said  Adventurers  that  had  so  pmised  to  adventure  did 
write  downe  his  name  with  the  soine  which  hee  did  promise  to  adventure 
for  the  three  yeares  ensuing  thereby  testifying  the  said  agreem*  and 
promises  of  purpose  more  assuredlie  to  binde  themselves  vnto  the  said 
Treasurer  and  Companie  for  the  true  pformance  of  there  promised  adven- 
tures and  to  give  encouragem*  and  assurance  of  indempnitie  to  the  said 
Treasurer  and  Company  for  the  disburssing  and  laying  out  of  such  greate 
soines  of  money  as  should  bee  thought  requisite  and  necessary  for  the 
reliefe  and  supply  of  the  said  Colonie  And  afterwards  according  to  the 
said  promise  agreemt  and  vnderwryting  manie  reverend  Prelates  Earles 
Lords  honorable  and  vertuous  Ladies  KnightS  gentlemen  Citizens  of  good 
accounte  and  quallitie  and  others  did  pay  in  vnto  the  Treasurer  of  the  said 
Companie  such  somes  of  money  as  they  had  agreed  and  vnderwritten  to 
pay  who  vppon  such  payment  deliuered  them  bills  of  Receipt  and  enfraun- 
chism*  sealed  with  the  Comon  Seale  of  the  said  Companie  After  w"*" 
seu^all  agreem*^  and  promises  so  made  and  executed  in  manner  aforesaid 
the  said  Treasurer  and  Company  did  vndertake  to  furnish  the  said  Colonie 
with  all  things  necessary  and  did  from  tyme  to  tyme  send  out  Shipps  for 
the  advaucemt  of  the  said  plantacon  sufficientlie  furnished  with  able 
Gou^nors  and  Commaunders  both  at  sea  and  land  with  sufficient  numbers 
of  men  as  well  Sailers  souldiers  husbandmen  ffishermen  as  Artizans  of 
sundry  kindes  for  the  necessitie  of  that  busines  with  all  sorts  of  victualls 
and  seu^all  kindes  of  Cattle  with  other  necessaries  and  Conveniencies  of 
seu^all  natures  requisitt  for  the  setling  of  that  plantacon  and  for  the 
sustenance  and  well-being  of  that  Colonie  to  there  greate  and  excessive 
Charge  which  Charge  amounting  to  manie  thousand  pounds  more  then 
they  had  readie  meanes  to  satisfie  the  said  Treasurer  and  Companie  were 
enforced  to  engage  themselves  and  there  CredittS  for  very  greate  somes  of 
money  w"''  they  the  more  willmgly  and  readily  did  adventure  to  doe  for 


the  gen^all  Cause  in  hope  to  be  freed  and  saved  harmeles  by  the  moneys 
to  be  receaved  from  the  said  Adventurers  w'=''  they  assured  themselves 
eu9y  one  (as  hee  was  bound  in  honestie  and  Conscience)  would  pay  in 
his  dewe  tyme  according  to  that  which  hee  had  vnderwritten.  But  nowe 
so  it  is  (may  it  please  your  good  Lo^p)  that  manie  of  the  said  Adventurers 
out  of  a  Careles  or  Covetous  Disposicon  haue  not  only  refused  to  send 
in  theire  said  adventures  at  the  tymes  dew  by  their  owne  agreem*  and 
vnderwriting  but  being  required  and  sent  vnto  for  the  same  moneys  some 
of  them  doe  make  slight  and  dilatory  aunsweres  and  others  doe  vtterly 
denie  and  refuse  to  pay  the  same  vnles  they  shalbee  therevnto  by  lawe 
Compelled  §as  namely  W""  Poole  knight  having  in  Marche  1610  in  and 
towards  the  said  adventure  and  plantacon  and  for  the  consideracons 
aforesaid  promised  at  the  tymes  and  dayes  of  payment  before  menconed 
to  paye  in  the  some  of  therty  seauen  pounds  tenn  shilling^  and  hauing  in 
March  aforesaid  [vnderwritten  for  the  paym*  of  the  same  ^]  hath  not  paied 
in  the  said  thertie  seauen  pounds  tenn  shiUing^  nor  any  part  thereof 
And  likewise  S""  Thomas  Mildmay  S''  Richard  Binglie,  S''  Jhon  Hungerford 
knights,  Jhon  Legate  Jhon  Kinge  Richard  Warner,  Esq",  Mathew  de 
Quester  James  Brierly,  Jhon  Miller  Edward  Cooke  &  Edward  Pond 
hauinge  in  lyke  manno""  abowt  the  same  tyme  euerie  one  of  them  for 
himselfe  seuerallie  and  respectiuelie  made  the  like  promise  to  paye  in  the 
lyke  seuerall  somme  of  thertie  seauen  pounds  tenn  shilling^  a  peece  and 
in  like  sorte  euerie  one  of  them  hauinge  seuerallie  and  respectiuehe  vnder- 
written for  the  payment  of  the  same  haue  not  nor  any  one  of  them  hath 
made  payment  accordingly  but  are  aU  and  euery  of  them  behind  and 
arere  of  there  said  seuerall  sommes  of  money  and  with  euery  parte  thereof§ 
whereby  not  only  your  Lo^p^  Orators  are  like  to  bee  greatly  p^'iudiced  in 
there  estates  and  vtterly  ou^throwne  in  there  Creditt  and  this  so  honorable 
and  Christian  an  accon  (w"^  was  in  so  greate  a  forwardnes  of  pfeccon) 
vtterly  relinguished  and  neglected  to  the  greate  dishonor  and  detrim* 
of  this  Kingdome  but  allso  manie  of  his  Ma*^  SubiectC  in  a  farr  Countrie 
must  bee  abandoned  and  lefte  to  the  daunger  of  famishing  and  to  the 
Cruell  rage  of  barbarous  Infidells  In  tender  Consideracon  whereof  and 
for  the  avoiding  of  multiplicitie  of  suits  at  the  CoHion  lawe  wherein  your 
Orators  cannot  hope  for  so  Certaine  and  speedie  a  remedie  as  the  extremitie 

»  Filled  in  from  U.  4/17. 

DECEMBER  11,1612  39 

of  their  Case  and  the  pnte  necessitie  and  importaiice  of  the  busines  requireth 
your  Lo"'  Orators  doe  in  all  humblenes  beseech  your  Lqpp  (according  to 
his  Ma*?  foresaid  gratious  direccon  mencoed  and  recommended  vnto  your 
Lo^""  and  other  his  Judges  in  his  said  last  recited  Lres-patentC  and  out  of 
your  accustomed  goodnes)  to  graunt  vnto  your  said  Orators  his  Ma^*^ 
moste  gratious  writt  of  Sub-pena  to  bee  directed  vnto  S'  William  Poole 
Knight  S'  Thomas  Mildmay  S'  Richard  Bingley  S'  John  Hungerford, 
KnightC  John  Legate  John  King  Richard  Warner  Esquiers  Mathew  de 
Quester  James  Brierley  §John  Miller§  Edward  Cooke  and  Edward  Pond 
Citizens  of  London  CoiTiaunding  them  and  eu^y  of  them  at  a  Certaine 
day  and  vnder  a  Certaine  paine  therein  to  be  lymitted  to  bee  and  psonally 
to  appeare  before  your  Lo"  in  his  Ma*^  high  Courte  of  Chauncery  then  and 
there  to  aunswere  the  premisses  and  to  sett  downe  vppon  there  Corporall 
oathes  whether  they  and  euery  of  them  haue  not  made  such  pmise  or  vnder- 
written  there  names  in  such  Booke  or  Rolle  as  is  aforesaid  as  Adventurers 
towards  the  said  plantaf-on  or  supplie  of  the  said  Colonie  of  Virginia  and  ^.^ 
to  abide  such  further  order  and  direccon  heerein  as  to  your  Lopp  shall 
seeme  Conuenient.  And  your  Orators  shall  pray  for  your  Lqp'  p'servacon 
in  all  happines. 

Rich:     ****** 

XL  Virginia  Company  vs.  Sir  Thomas  Mildmaye  and  Others.    The 
Answer  of  Sir  Thomas  Mildmaye  to  the  Bill  of  Complaint 

December  11,  1612 

Chancery  Proceedings,  James  I,  Bundle  U,  No.  2/27 

Document  in  Public  Record  Office,  London 

List  of  Records  No.  21 

The  Aunswer  of  S^  Thomas  Mildemaye  Barronett  one  of  the  defend^^  tof^;//;  Deccbr: 

''  P     A    1  c:i^^^"  Mat:  Carcw 

the  bill  of  comptt  of  the  Treasurer  6?  Company  of  Adventurers  br  cauiyn  > 
Planters  of  the  Cittie  of  London  for  the  first  Colony e  in  Virginia, 

The  said  defend*  saving  to  himself  nowe  6?  at  all  tymes  hereafter  all 
advantage  of  exception  to  the  incertenty  5?  insufficiency  of  the  said  bill 

>  Doubtful. 


of  compTt,  ffor  aunswer  to  soe  much  thereof  as  concerneth  him  this  defend* 
to  make  aunswer  vnto  saith  That  he  neither  knewe  nor  ever  heard  of  any 
such  agreement  or  conclusion  as  in  the  said  bill  of  compTt  is  alledged 
Neither  was  this  defend'  privie  vnto  or  knowing  of  any  the  consultacons 
of  the  Treasurer  or  Company  in  the  said  bill  of  compTt  named  Neither 
did  this  defend*  ever  speake  with  them  or  any  of  them  touching  or  con- 
cerning any  matter  or  thinge  in  the  said  bill  of  comptt  menconed  But 
this  defen*  saith  that  aboute  three  yeares  last  past  or  more  S''  Robt  Mans- 
feild  Knight  came  vnto  this  defen"^*  5?  intreated  him  to  adventure  in  the 
said  Plantacon  at  three  seu^all  adventures  the  soiTie  of  Thirtie  6?  seaven 
pounds  6?  tenn  shillingC,  6?  also  to  subscribe  this  defend*^  name  vnto  a 
booke  to  that  p'"pose.  w'^''  booke  was  afterwards  to  be  sent  vnto  this 
defend*  And  this  defend*  further  saith  That  vppon  informacon  given 
by  the  said  S""  Robt  Mansfeild  vnto  this  defend*  that  the  said  mony  would 
be  imployed  for  the  benefitt  and  pfitt  of  the  adventures,  this  defend*  con- 
discended  vnto  the  request  of  the  said  S'^  Robt  in  hope  of  receiving  bene- 
fitt by  his  adventures  accordinglie.  And  therevppon  afterwards  did 
subscribe  his  hand  vnto  a  booke  as  in  the  said  bill  of  comptt  is  alledged 
but  this  defend*  having  heard  by  many  Credible  psons  that  since  that 
tyme  diu^s  retornes  have  byn  made  from  Virginia  into  this  realme  of 
England  6?  yet  noe  proffitt  yealded  or  given  vp  by  the  said  Treasurer 
6?  Company  vnto  any  the  adventures  in  the  said  Plantacon,  And  having 
also  byn  lately  told  that  he  this  Deft  must  expect  noe  pffitt  of  his  adven- 
ture by  the  space  of  Twentie  yeares  Contrary  to  the  informacon  geven 
by  the  said  S''  Robt  Mansfeild  as  aforesaid  and  allso  contrary  to  this 
defend*^  expectacon  and  this  deft  being  allso  pswaded  vppon  good  and 
pbable  reasons  that  the  treasurer  of  the  said  mony  intendeth  w*""  the  said 
mony  to  make  pffitt  and  advantage  to  him  selfe  and  not  any  such  generall 
good  as  in  the  said  bill  of  Complaint  is  alledged  And  for  that  that  this 
deft  hath  many  dettS  of  his  owne  to  satysfie  and  paye  w''''  he  in  conscience 
is  rather  bound  to  paye  (as  this  defend*  taketh  it)  then  the  said  soiTie  of 
Thirtie  and  seaven  pounds  ^  tenn  shillings  to  be  adventured  as  aforesaid 
Therefore  this  defend*  doth  refuse  to  make  payment  of  the  said  some  of 
Thirtie  6?  seaven  pounds  6^  tenn  shillings  to  the  said  Treasurer  6?  com- 
pany as  he  hopeth  w*''  the  fauo''  of  this  hoiioble  Co""*  he  lawfully  maye 
All  which  matters  6P  things  this  defend*  is  ready  to  averr  maynteyne  6? 

JANUARY  11,  1612/13  41 

prove  as  this  horioble  Co""'  shall  award,  And  hiimbHe  prayeth  to  be  dis- 
missed out  of  the  same  Co'*  w*''  his  reasonable  costC  ^  charge  in  that 
behalf  wrongefuUy  susteyned 


XII.  Virginia  Company  vs.  Sir  Thomas  Mildmaye  and  Others.  The 
Answer  of  James  Bryarley  and  Mathewe  de  Quester  to  the 
Bill  of  Complaint 

January  11,  1612/13 

Chancery  Proceedings,  James  I,  Bundle  U,  No.  2/27 

Document  in  Public  Record  Office,  London 

List  of  Records  No.  22 

The  Jointe  and  seu^all  Answers  of  James  Bryarley  and  Mathewe  de vterq,iufii°,jan: 
Quester  twoe  of  the  Defend*^^  to  the  Bill  of  Comptt  of  the  Treasurer  ^^^^ 
and  Company  of  Adventurers  6?  Planters  of  the  Cittie  of  London  for  Dewes 
the  firste  Colonie  in  Virginia  Complaynant^. 

The  said  Defendants  by  ptestacon  not  Confessinge  the  said  Bill  of 
Comptt  nor  the  matters  in  the  said  Bill  of  Comptt  materially  concerninge 
these  defend*-^  Conteyned  to  bee  true  in  such  manner  and  forme  as  in  the 
said  Bill  of  Complaint  the  same  are  sett  forth  6?  declared  And  savinge 
nowe  and  att  all  times  hereafter  vnto  these  Defend*^  All  advantage  of 
excepcon  to  the  incertenty  and  insufficiency  of  the  same  Bill  of  Comptt 
for  answere  vnto  soe  much  thereof  as  Concerneth  these  Defend^*^  They  and 
eich  of  them  seu^aUy  and  respectiueUe  for  him  selfe  saieth  And  firste  this 
Defendant  James  Bryarley  saieth  That  before  the  supposed  promise  or 
vnderwritinge  by  this  Defendant  for  paim*''  of  Twelve  PowndC  Tenne 
shilling^  eu^ie  yeare  Duringe  three  yeares  menconed  in  the  said  Bill  This 
Defendant  by  pswation  of  sonfie  of  the  said  Company  menconed  in  the 
said  Bill  had  adventured  and  Deliu9ed  into  &'  for  the  said  accon  6?  plan- 
tacon  seu^all  soines  of  money  Amountinge  to  the  soiTie  of  Threeskore 
and  twoe  poundes  or  thereaboutes  vppon  Confidence  and  promise  att 
leaste  to  bee  made  a  saver  thereby  w''''  this  Defend'  by  that  w''*'  of  late 
hee  hath  decerned  thinketh  to  bee  very  vnlikelie.  And  this  Defend' 
was  afterwards  earnesthe  laboured  by  one  M""  Robert  Johnson  of  the  said 


Company  to  vnderwrite  for  the  said  Twelve  powndC  tenne  shilling^ 
yearelie  Duringe  the  said  three  yeares,  and  did  absoluteUe  and  resolutehe 
Denie  soe  to  vnderwrite  or  promise  And  then  att  the  further  instance  of 
the  said  m''  Johnson  afhrminge  that  if  this  Defend*  would  vnderwrite 
therefore  That  hee  would  aftd  could  pswade  one  m''  willyam  Bennett  a 
Cittizen  of  London  the  rather  by  this  Defend*^  example  alsoe  to  vnder- 
write for  the  like  soiTies  w*^  intente  and  agreem*^  nevertheles  that  if  the 
said  M""  Johnson  should  not  soe  prevayle  and  procure  the  said  M''  Ben- 
nett to  vnderwrite,  and  that  the  said  M""  Bennett  did  not  in  like  mann9 
vnderwrite  Then  this  Defend*^  vnderwritinge  should  bee  Crossed  oute 
and  voyd  and  not  Certified  And  vppon  that  Condicon  and  w*''  that 
intente  oneHe  and  in  that  mann9  and  noe  otherwise  this  Defend*  Did 
vnderwrite  And  this  Defendant  saieth  that  the  said  M""  Bennett  never 
did  nor  would  soe  vnderwritt  And  nevertheles  the  said  M''  Johnson  Con- 
trarie  to  agreem*  and  meaninge  and  to  the  said  Condicon  well  knowne 
to  him  selfe  kepte  and  Delinked  in  the  same  Booke  wherein  this  Defend* 
had  soe  subscribed  to  the  said  Company  in  wronge  of  this  Defend*  Not- 
w*^standinge  this  Defendant  intreated  him  the  said  M""  Johnson  to  putt 
oute  this  Defend*  his  said  vnd'^writinge  accordinge  to  agreem*''  and  mean- 
inge as  aforesaid  ffor  the  trueth  whereof  to  such  effecte  and  in  manner 
aforesaid  this  Defend*  will  bee  Contented  to  referre  him  selfe  to  the  oath 
of  the  said  M''  Johnson.  And  for  that  which  Concernes  this  other  De- 
fendant Mathewe  De  Quester  hee  for  him  selfe  saieth  That  hee  Did 
adventure  ffiftie  Pownd^  in  the  said  accon  and  plantacon  w*''  the  said 
Companie,  and  afterwards  by  earnest  pswation  of  soine  of  the  said  Com- 
pany p''tendinge  good  successe  and  gaine  to  ensue  thereby  Hee  this  De- 
fendant subscribed  to  paie  Twelve  PowndS  tenne  shilling^  yearelie  for 
three  yeares  And  §after§  alsee  that  and  aboute  sixe  monethes  nowe  laste 
paste  seeinge  there  Came  noe  proffitt  of  the  ffirste  adventure  of  ffiftie 
PowndS  and  vnderstandinge  that  smale  likeUe  hood  was  of  benefitt  or 
recompence  §was§  to  growe  by  or  oute  of  the  said  accon  or  adventure 
This  Defend*  as  is  vsuall  and  lawful  amongest  m9chantS  in  like  Cases 
was  willinge  to  excuse  §exempt§  and  free  him  selfe  oute  of  the  said  accon 
^  adventure  and  to  quitt  him  selfe  from  the  said  Companie  and  from  all 
further  adventures  and  charge  and  from  expectacon  of  benefitt  and  game 
thereby  And  therevppon  this  Defend*  accordinghe  Did  §for  a  smale  some 

APRIL  28,  1613  43 

of  money  vnder  the  value  of  tenn  poundC§  sell  transferre  and  assigne  over 
all  his  said  adventure  and  stock  and  all  the  Charge  and  benefitt  thereof 
or  in  or  by  the  said  action  And  all  his  intereste  in  the  said  accon  and 
Company  to  one  M'  John  Moore  of  the  Cittie  of  London  gent,  whome  the 
said  Companie  have  accepted  of  6?  admitted  in  this  Defend^^  place 
accordinghe  And  therefore  this  Defendant  intendeth  and  hopeth  hee 
ought  not  to  bee  further  Charged  in  or  for  or  to  the  said  accon  adventure 
or  Companie  This  Defend'  never  havinge  received  anie  thinge  of  his  said 
adventure  of  fhftie  pownd^  from  the  said  Companie  And  these  Defendants 
saye  w^'oute  that,  that  anie  other  matter  or  thinge  in  the  said  Bill  of 
CompTt  Conteyned  materiall  or  effectuall  by  these  Defend**^  or  eyther  of 
them  to  bee  answered  vnto  and  not  herein  well  ^  sufficientlie  Confessed 
avoyded  traversed  or  Denied  or  answered  vnto  is  true  in  mann9  and 
forme  as  in  the  said  Bill  of  Complainte  is  alledged  All  which  matters 
theis  Defendants  for  their  ptS  are  and  will  bee  readie  to  averre  and  proove 
as  this  honorable  Courte  shall  award  and  praye  from  thence  to  bee  Dis- 
missed w*''  their  reasonable  Costs  and  ChargS  in  this  behalfe  wrongfully 
susteyned  Richard  Hadsor. 

XIII.  Virginia  Company  vs.  Sir  Henry  Nevile,  Sir  George  Huntleye, 

William  Hall,  and  Others.     The  Bill  of  Complaint 

April  28,  1613 

Chancery  Proceedings,  James  I,  Bundle  U,  No.  4/17 
Document  in  Public  Record  Office,  London 
List  of  Records  No.  24 
The  Treasurer  and  Company  of  Adventurers  and  Planters  of  the  Cittie  of  28  April  i6i; 
London  for  the  ffirst  Colony  in  Virginia  complain  &c  &c     ***** 
As  namely  S'  Henry  Nevile  of  Mn  co.  Kent,  knight  having  in 

November  1610  promised  to  pay  £75,  S""  Henry  Carye,  S''  William  Corne- 
wallis,  S'  John  Cuttes  the  younger,  S'  George  Huntleye,  S'  John  Radcliff, 
S^  Walter  Chute,  S^  Arther  Manwaring,  S^  John  St.  John  &  S'  Thomas 
Freake,  knights,  John  Vaughan,  Richard  Monnington,  John  Smith  ^ 
Arthur  Ingram,  Esq-^  Wilham  Hall  6?  Edmond  Allen,  *  *  *  *  * 
S'  Thomas  Conningsby  of  ^  in  co.  Hereford,  knight,  6?  Richard 

Hull    of    London,    merchant,    S'   William   Boulestrod    of  '  in 

CO.  '  knight,   Nicholas   Wheeler  of  .****** 

'  Blank  space  in  manuscript. 



XIV.  Virginia  Company  vs.  Sir  Henry  Nevile,  Sir  George  Huntleye, 
William  Hall,  and  Others.  The  Answer  of  Sir  George  Hunt- 
ley TO  THE  Bill  of  Complaint 

May  18,  1613 

Chancery  Proceedings,  James  I,  Bundle  U,  No.  4/17 

Document  in  Public  Record  Office,  London 

List  of  Records  No.  25 

Juf  18  Mail  1613  The  severall  answere  of  S'  George  Huntley  knight  one  of  the  def fC  to  the 
Mat  Carew  j^jj^  Qf  Complaynt  of  the  Treasorer  and  Company  of  the  adventerers 

and  planters  of  the  Cittie  of  London  for  the  first  Colony  in  Virgynia 


All  advantage  of  exception  to  the  vncertentie  and  insufficiencie  of  the  said 
bill  of  Complaint  to  this  defendt  being  now  and  at  all  tymes  hereafter 
saved,  he  this  said  defend*  for  answere  vnto  such  and  so  many  of  the 
matters  in  the  said  bill  conteyned  as  do  any  waie  concerne  him  this 
defend*  to  be  answered  vnto  saith  that  he  doth  well  remember  that  he 
this  said  defend*  hath  hard  divers  speeches  concerning  adventures  and 
adventurers  in  and  towards  the  plantacon  and  supphe  in  the  bill  men- 
coned,  and  this  defend*  thinketh  it  to  be  true  that  he  hath  bene  moved  to 
be  an  adventurer  therein,  but  this  defend*  denieth  that  to  his  best  knowl- 
edge or  remembrance  he  did  ever  assume  or  promise  to  disburse  paie  in 
or  delyver  vnto  the  said  Treasorer  in  or  towards  the  said  adventures  or 
plantacon  the  soine  of  seventy  fyve  powndC  as  in  and  by  the  said  bill 
is  supposed  And  this  defend*  likewise  denieth  that  to  his  best  knowledge 
or  remembrance  he  hath  vnderwritten  his  name  to  any  such  assumpcon 
or  promise  or  in  such  booke  or  rolle  as  in  the  said  bill  is  menconed  as  an 
adventurer  towards  the  said  plantacon  or  suppUe  of  the  said  Colony  of 
Virginia  as  in  and  by  the  said  bill  is  surmised  w*''out  that  that  any  other 
matter  or  thing  in  the  said  bill  conteyned  matteriall  or  effectuall  in  the 
law  to  be  by  this  defend*  answered  vnto  and  not  herein  and  hereby  suffi- 
ciently answered  vnto  confessed  and  avoided  traversed  or  denied  is  true 
_  (to  the  knowledge  of  this  def *)  All  w"^  matters  this  defend*  is  &?  will  be 
^  redye  to  averre  and  pue  as  this  honorable  Court  shall  award  and  humbly 
praieth  to  be  dismissed  owt  of  this  honorable  court  w**"  his  cost^  6?  charge 
in  this  behalf  susteyned 

Jo:  Brydgema. 






NOVEMBER  1,  1613  45 

XV.  Virginia  Company  vs.  Sir  Edmond  Boyd,  Sir  John  Sammes,  and 

Others.     The  Bill  of  Complaint 

October  8,  1613 

Chancery  Proceedings,  James  I,  Bundle  U,  No.  2/69 

Document  in  Public  Record  Office,  London 

List  of  Records  No.  26 

The  Treasorer  &  Company  of  Adventurers  and  Planters  of  the  Cittie  of^^'^tobr:  leis. 
London  complain  &c  &c  ^ 

As  namely  S""  Edmond  Bowyar  of  Camberwell  in  co.  Surrey,  knight,  hav- 
ing in  November  1610  promised  to  pay  £37.10.0,  also  S''  John  Hanham, 
S""  Humfrye  Maye  S"'  Henry  Beningefeeld,  S""  Henry  Payton,  S'  Walter 
Vaughan,  S''  Lewis  Tresham,  S"'  Richard  Bingley,  knights,  Edward  Carne 
&  Thomas  Gowge,  gentlemen  having  promised  to  pay  £37.10.0,  S''  Robert 
Wrothe,  S'  Caveliero  Mayecott  &  S''  Henry  ffayne,  knights,  &  Thomas 
CordaU  the  younger  £75  each ;  &  S^  John  Sames,  knight,  £  1 50     *     *     *     * 

XVI.  Virginia  Company  vs.  Sir  Edmond  Boyd,  Sir  John  Sammes,  and 
Others.  The  Answer  of  Sir  John  Sammes  to  the  Bill  of 
of  Complaint 

November  1,  1613 

Chancery  Proceedings,  James  I,  Bundle  U,  No.  2/69 

Document  in  Public  Record  Office,  London 

List  of  Records  No.  27 

The  Seu9all  answere  of  S'  John  Sammes  Kn*  one  of  the  defendt«  to  the  bilH^""  i°  Nouebr: 
of  complainte  of  the  Tresurer  and  companie  of  adventurers  andj^f  ^^^^^^  ^p^^ 
planters  of  the  Citie  of  London  for  the  first  colonic  in  Virginia  Compl**^  emedatione      7° 

Nouembr:  vt  su- 

Thaduantages  of  exceptions  to  the  incerteinties  and  insufficiencie  of  theP'"^-    Pennyman. 

said  bill  of  complainte  to  this  defend'  now  and  at  all  tymes  hereafter 

saued  for  answere  vnto  so  much  thereof  as  concerneth  this  defenda*,  he 

this  defend*  saith  that  he  taketh  it  to  be  true  that  after  the  discouerie  of 

that  pte  of  America  now  caled  and  knowne  by  the  name  of  Virginia  there 

was  an  honorable  purpose  and  attempt  made  by  dyuers  worthie  psonnes 

•  Blank  lines  in  manuscript. 


for  the  plantacon  thereof  and  reducinge  the  same  to  ciuilitie,  and  chris- 
tianitie,  ffor  the  furtherance  of  w''^  honorable  intent  and  purpose,  it 
pleased  his  Ma*'**  (as  this  defenda*  taketh  it)  to  incorporate  the  Compl^^ 
as  in  the  said  bill  of  Complaint  is  menconed,  and  this  defend'  further 
taketh  it  to  be  true,  that  after  some  mony  adventured  and  spent  in  the 
said  buisines,  the  Compl*^  found  it  to  be  a  matter  of  greater  difRcultie 
and  charge  then  they  before  Imagined  and  thought  it  would  haue  beene, 
for  they  were  (as  this  defend'  taketh  it)  informed  by  S''  Thomas  Gates  kn* 
menconed  in  the  said  bill,  beinge  imployed  in  the  said  buisines  of  and  for 
Virginia  a  greater  supply  of  men  and  mony  was  requisite  for  the  accom- 
plishm'  of  that  hono^'"  accon  then  formerly  had  beene  imployed  and  gath- 
ered, wherevpon  the  foresaid  companie  the  Compl*^  and  others  entred 
into  a  new  councell  or  consultacon  concerninge  the  afforesaid  buisines  of 
Virginia,  And  as  this  defend*  taketh  it  resolued  and  concluded  that  w^'^out 
a  new  aid  and  supply  of  mony  and  men  for  Virginia  such  as  was  then 
formerly  propounded  and  required  by  the  said  S""  Thomas  Gates,  the 
foresaid  hono'''"  accon  and  intencon  of  plantacon  of  Virginia  would  faile, 
and  not  take  that  effect  as  was  desired,  and  therevpon  some  three  yeares 
since  or  thereabouts  as  this  defend'  now  remembreth,  vpon  the  new  con- 
sultacon afforesaid  had  amongest  the  Compl*^  and  companie  for  the  good 
of  Virginia  concerninge  what  further  charge  in  mony  would  be  requisite 
for  the  furtheringe  and  accomplishinge  of  the  foresaid  intended  plantacon 
and  accon  of  Virginia,  it  was  concluded  and  agreed  amongest  them  the 
said  Compl*^  that  Eyghteene  thousand  pounds  at  the  least  to  be  gathered 
in  three  yeares  then  next  followinge  would  be  but  a  sufficient  some  of 
money  for  the  accomphshinge  and  effectinge  of  the  foresaid  pnte  service 
for  Virginia;  and  that  it  was  also  necessarie  to  haue  sixe  hundred  men 
furnished  sent  thither  before  may  then  next  followinge  the  consultacon 
spoken  of  beinge  about  Michaelmas  1610  and  that  vnles  the  said  18"  ^^ 
and  600.  men  might  forthw'^  in  certeyntee  be  prouided  the  said  service 
would  not  at  all  be  effected  or  pformed  Therefore  for  the  gatheringe  of 
the  foresaid  18""  and  for  the  prouidinge  of  the  said  600.  men  in  the  three 
yeares  afforesaid  at  the  tyme  of  the  Consultacon  spoken  of  it  was  agreed 
by  the  foresaid  Compt""  and  companie  that  a  booke  concerninge  the 
service  afforesaid  should  by  the  Compt*^  be  made  and  pubHshed  w*^  a 
condicon  in  the  beginninge  of  the  said  booke  to  this  or  the  lyke  effect 

NOVEMBER  1,  1613  47 

viz'  The  names  of  such  as  vndertake  to  adventure  to  Virginia  so  as  the 
soiTie  of  18"  "  may  be  made  vp  before  some  certein  daie  therein  expressed 
beinge  about  Christmas.  1610.  as  this  defend'  taketh  it  and  so  as  the  said 
600.  men  might  be  prouided  and  sent  in  Januarie.  1610.  to  and  for  the 
purpose  afforesaid  as  this  defend*  also  taketh  it,  the  said  mony  to  be 
adventured  in  three  yeares  then  next  foUowmge  as  by  the  said  booke 
wherevnto  this  defenda*  for  the  more  certeintie  of  and  in  the  premisses 
referreth  himselfe  will  appeare  W^  said  booke  this  defendant  seeinge 
and  at  that  tyme  thinkinge  it  to  be  a  very  worthie  worke  of  plan- 
tacon  this  defend*  amongst  others  vpon  the  condicons  and  agreem**^  in 
the  said  booke  menconed  and  on  the  Compl*^  pts  to  be  pformed  and  not 
otherwyse  did  subscribe  the  name  of  this  defend*  to  be  contented  to  giue 
a  CU^  towards  the  plantacon  afforesaid  (as  by  the  said  booke  wherevnto 
this  defend'  doth  solely  refer  himselfe  appeareth  and  this  defend'  then 
thinkinge  the  Compl*^  would  haue  pformed  there  pts  and  condicons 
afforesaid  paid  fiftie  pounds  pcell  of  the  foresaid  CV^  about  Christmas 
1610.  But  this  defend'  further  saith  that  it  was  neuer  his  this  defend*^ 
intent  nor  meaninge  to  disburse  or  laie  out  the  foresaid  CL^'  vnles  the 
said  18""  "  might  be  gathered  and  the  said  600.  men  prouided  furnished 
and  sent  accordinge  to  the  condicon  and  purporte  of  the  said  booke  so  as 
the  foresaid  service  for  Virginia  might  indeede  be  pformed,  And  this 
defend'  further  saith  that  he  thmketh  it  to  be  true  that  the  condicon  and 
purporte  of  the  said  booke  is  not  nor  hath  not  bene  pformed  aswell  for 
that  the  said  18°"  ^'  was  not  made  vp  as  alsoe  that  the  said  600  men  were 
not  furnished  and  sent  for  the  said  purpose  accordinge  to  the  said  con- 
dicon (as  this  defend'  verely  thinketh)  by  meanes  whereof  (as  this  defend 
hath  beene  informed  and  verely  thinketh  it  to  be  true)  the  said  intended 
plantacon  hath  not  succeeded  accordinge  to  the  purpose  and  mtencon  of 
this  defend'  and  the  said  other  adventurers,  And  this  defend*  further 
saith  that  he  this  defend'  hath  beene  informed  that  the  Compl**^  or  other 
the  managers  of  the  buisines  for  Virginia  haue  not  pursued  the  courses 
propounded  whereby  this  def  and  some  others  were  invyted  to  contribute 
so  liberally  as  they  did  but  beinge  vpon  condicons  and  these  not  pformed 
And  this  defend'  further  saith  that  he  taketh  it  the  greate  somes  of  mony 
amountinge  to  8000^*  or  therabout^  w"^  haue  bene  gotten  by  the  lottarie 
and  intended  to  haue  bene  vsed  and  disbursed  in  and  about  the  buisines 


and  plantacon  of  Virginia  haue  not  beene  imployed  nor  bestowed  accord- 
ingly besydes  the  IlandC  caled  the  Bermudas  haue  beene  as  this  defend* 
is  informed  sould  by  y®  Compl*^  for  2000^^  And  this  defend'  is  further 
informed  that  the  Compl*^  haue  also  lately  sould  awaie  for  6  or  S^'^i  or 
thereabouts  the  Shippe  caled  the  De  la  War  w"''  shipp  was  wont  to  be 
imployed  for  or  about  the  buisines  of  Virginia,  besydes  also  this  defend* 
hath  and  doth  obserue  that  the  Compl*^  respect  not  to  giue  satisfaccon  to 
this  defend'  nor  to  some  other  Kn*^  and  gent  that  haue  adventured  for 
and  concerninge  the  foresaid  buisines  of  Virginia  but  haue  deteyned  and 
doe  deteyne  all  the  benefit  made  by  the  seu^all  voyages  to  Virginia  affore- 
said  and  all  the  seu^all  somes  afforesaid  w'^'out  yeeldinge  any  account  to 
the  adventurers  to  this  defend*^  knowlege  for  all  w'=''  causes  and  many 
others  this  defend'  taketh  it  that  neyther  in  la  we  nor  equitie  he  is  to  pay 
or  giue  much  lesse  to  be  compelled  for  to  pay  or  giue  the  foresaid  CU'  or  any 
pte  thereof  vnto  the  Compl**^  w'^out  that  that  this  defend"^  in  any  other 
maner  then  as  afforesaid  vndertooke  or  agreed  to  pay  vnto  the  Compl*^ 
any  soiTie  or  somes  of  mony  whatsoeuer  or  that  the  foresaid  accon  of  Virginia 
be  lykely  to  be  relinquished  or  is  vtterly  relinquished  or  neglected  for  or 
by  reason  of  this  def**^  not  painge  of  the  foresaid  C^^  And  vnles  any  other 
thinge  or  matter  in  the  Compl**^  bill  menconed  and  hereby  and  herein  not 
®  sufficiently  answered  trau^sed  confessed  or  denyed  is  true  to  the  knowl- 

Virginiae  Colon  g  ^g^  q£  ^j^jg  (defend'    All  w"^  matters  this  defend'  is  readie  to  proue  and 
auerr  as  this  hon"®  Court  shall  award  And  therefore  this  defend*  doth 
humblie  praie  to  be  dismissed  out  of  this  hon'''®  court  w""  his  reason- 
able costs  and  charges  in  this  behalfe  wrongfully  and  vniustly  susteyned 
^^^  Jo:  Brydgema 

NOVEMBER  15,  1618  49 

XVII.    Virginia  Company   vs.    William  Leveson.     The  Bill  of 

November  15,  1613 

Chancery  Proceedings,  James  I,  Bundle  U,  Nos.  2/55 

Document  in  Public  Record  Office,  London 

List  of  Records  No.  28 

To  the  right  Honourable  Thomas  Lord  Ellesmere  Lord  Chancelor  of  i5  Nouembr.  leis 

Complaynmge  shewen  vnto  yo''  Lorpp  yo''  dailye  orato"  the  Treasurer 
and  Companye  of  Adventurers  &  Planters  of  the  Cittie  of  London  for  the 
first  Colonye  in  Virginia  That  whereas  for  the  furtherance  and  advancem' 
of  the  said  Plantacon,  beinge  a  matter  of  great  importance  and  conse- 
quence aswell  for  the  ppagacon  of  Xfian.  religion  as  for  the  Honour  of 
his  Ma''^  6?  the  profitt  and  comoditie  of  this  his  highnes  kingdome,  it 
pleased  his  Ma*'^  by  sundrye  his  letters  patents  out  of  his  singuler  grace 
6?  favour  and  for  the  good  of  the  said  plantacon  to  grant  vnto  yo'  said 
orators  many  liberties  franchises  pfitt^  comodities  }')!viledges  5?  plhemi- 
nences.  Amongest  w"''  his  said  Ma''''  by  his  highnes  letters  patents 
bearinge  date  at  Westminster  the  twelueth  §day  of  March§  in  the  ninth 
yeare  of  his  happy  raigne  for  the  more  effectuall  advancinge  of  the  said 
plantacon  by  vertue  of  his  highnes  i5]rogative  royall  6?  by  the  assent  6? 
consent  of  the  Lordes  6?  others  of  his  Ma*'''  privie  counsell  did  give 
^  grant  vnto  yo''  said  orato'^  full  power  and  authoritie,  free  leaue  hbertie  6r* 
licence  to  sett  forth  erect  and  publishe  one  or  more  Lotterye  or  Lotteries 
in  the  Cittie  of  London  or  elsev/here,  6?  the  same  to  have  continuance  6? 
to  indure  for  a  certen  tyme  not  yet  ended  6?  expired  and  to  be  held  wth 
such  prises  articles  condicons  6?  limitacons,  as  to  yo''  said  orato''^  in  there 
discrecons  should  seeme  convenient,  And  further  that  it  should  and  might 
bee  lawful  for  yo""  said  orato""^  to  elect  6P  choose  Recey  vo""^  Audito'^  Surveyo'^ 
Comissioners  or  any  other  officers  whatsoeu^  att  there  will  ^  pleasure 
for  the  better  marshallinge  disposinge  guidinge  and  gou^ninge  of  the  said 
Lottrie  or  Lottries.    By  vertue  of  wch  grant  yo''  said  orato'''  about  Easter  ■ 

last  was  twelue  §moneth§  did  erect  5?  publishe  one  greate  Lottrie,  6?  did 
appointe  the  same  to  bee  opened  and  held  in  the  Cittie  of  London,  and 
for  the  better  marshallinge  disposinge  guidinge  6?  gou^ninge  of  the  said 


Lottrie,  did  deuise  6?  compose  certen  Lottrie  bookes  to  the  nomber  of 
seauen  bookes  wch  were  distinguished  6sP  knowne  by  three  nombers,  and 
did  elect  and  choose  out  certen  knights  gentlemen  &?  marchant^  into 
whose  handes  they  comitted  6P  putt  the  said  bookes,  of  purpose  that 
those  psons  soe  imploied  should  bee  receyvo"  of  such  somes  of  mony  as 
any  Noblemen  gentlemen  and  other  psons  would  putt  in  and  adventure 
in  the  said  Lottrye,  wch  speciall  trust  and  confidence  reposed  in  the  said 
receyvo"  to  this  effect  followinge  viz:  that  whatsoeu^  some  or  somes  of 
mony  should  soe  as  aforesaid  bee  by  them  collected  and  receyued  that 
they  should  returne  in  6?  deliver  the  same  together  wth  the  said  bookes 
vnto  the  Treasurer  of  the  Companye  aforesaide  or  to  such  other  psons  as 
were  appointed  to  receyue  the  same,  and  further  to  make  a  true  and  iust 
accompt  to  yo''  said  orato"  of  all  such  somes  of  monye  as  should  come 
vnto  there  handes  or  bee  b}^  them  receyued  in  manner  and  forme  aforesaid. 
And  therevpon  amongst  other  psons  of  good  sort  ranke  and  degree  wch 
were  accordinglie  appointed  Receyvo"  of  the  said  Lottrye  monye,  and 
vnto  whome  such  Lottrie  bookes  as  aforesaid  for  the  purpose  aforesaid 
were  dehu^ed  WilUam  Leveson  of  the  Cittie  of  London  Mercer  was  vpon 
his  owne  request  6?  intreatie  nominated  and  appointed  to  bee  a  Receyvo"" 
of  the  said  Lottrie  monyes,  and  therevpon  there  were  deliuered  and  putt 
into  his  handes  seauen  of  the  said  Lottrie  bookes,  wth  and  vpon  the  trust 
&?  confidence  aforesaid  viz :  that  he  should  collect  and  receiue  such  monyes 
as  beinge  adventured  by  any  Nobleman  gentleman  marchant  or  other 
should  bee  registred  and  written  in  the  said  bookes  or  any  of  them, 
Wherevpon  the  said  William  Leveson  hauinge  about  two  yeares  sythence 
fe?  about  halfe  a  yeare  before  the  said  greate  Lottrie  was  opened  receyued 
the  said  bookes  wth  such  Comission  and  trust  as  aforesaid,  did  by  reason 
therof  receyue  of  sundrye  psons  to  be  putt  in,  and  adventured  in  the  said 
Lottrie  divers  somes  of  monye  amountinge  in  the  whole  to  the  some  of 
two  thousand  seauen  hundred  fower  score  and  thirteene  poundes  tenn 
shillinges  wth  wch  bookes  and  receytes  he  the  said  Leveson  made  the  said 
Treasurer,  and  some  of  the  said  Companye  vsed  and  imployed  in  that 
busines  acquainted,  and  paid  in  to  the  Lottrie  house,  or  to  such  psons  as 
were  appointed  to  receiue  the  same  dyvers  somes  of  monye,  and  pmised 
faithfullie  to  paie  in  the  rest,  &?  by  such  his  promises  ptestacons  and  faire 
speaches  he  the  said  Wilham  Leveson  did  pcure  lott^  and  TickettC  in  the 

NOVEMBER  15,  1613  51 

said  Lottrie  House  for  the  said  some  of  two  thousand  seuen  hundred 
fower  score  and  thirteene  poundes  tenn  shilHnges  as  thoe  all  the  said 
mony  had  beene  brought  in  by  him  and  receiued  at  his  handes.  And  soe 
yo""  said  orato"  did  beare  the  adventure  and  made  allowance  for  the  whole 
some  of  two  thousand  seven  §hundred  fowerscore  6?  thirteene  pounds 
tenn  shilling^ §  poundes  Howbeit  yo""  said  orato"  doe  further  informe  yo' 
good  Lorpp  that  notw^'standinge  the  ptestacons  6?  faire  promises  of  the 
said  WiUiam  Leveson  to  deliuer  and  paie  in  all  the  said  monyes  wch  he 
had  soe  as  aforesaid  receiued,  6?  to  make  a  true  and  iust  accompt  for  the 
same,  that  the  said  William  hath  wth  held  backe  retayned  and  kept  in 
his  owne  handes  of  the  said  two  thousand  seuen  hundred  fower  score  and 
thirteene  poundes  tenn  shilUnges  soe  as  aforesaid  by  him  receyued  the  some 
of  seuen  hundred  poundes  wch  he  should  have  dehuered  ^  paid  in  as 
aforesaid,  contrarye  to  all  equitye,  honestie  and  good  conscience,  and  to 
the  greate  iSiudice  and  damage  of  yo""  said  orato",  whoe  have  beene  forced 
att  there  owne  charge  to  support  the  said  plantacon,  and  out  of  there  owne 
purses  to  disburse  the  said  some  of  seuen  hundred  poundes  soe  as  aforesaid 
vniusthe  6?  wrongfullie  wthheld  from  them  by  the  said  Wiltm  Leveson  5? 
by  him  connoted  to  his  owne  pryvate  ^  pticuler  vses,  to  the  greate  hin- 
derance  of  the  said  plantacon.  In  consideracon  whereof,  and  for  that 
his  said  most  gratious  Ma"^^  will  6?  pleasure  is  (wch  he  hath  to  that 
purpose  expresslie  signified  in  his  said  letters  patents)  that  in  any  suit 
or  suites  Comenced  or  to  be  Comenced  in  any  of  his  Ma*'''^  Courts  at 
Westminster  by  the  said  Treasurer  &?  Companie,  or  otherwise  against 
anye  such  psons  as  defraude  them  of  monyes  pmised  or  due,  That  his 
Judges  for  the  tyme  beinge  both  in  the  Court  of  Chancerye  6?  at  the 
Comon  lawe  should  favour  6?  further  the  said  suites  soe  farr  forth  as 
lawe  6?  equitie  will  in  any  wise  pmitt.  And  for  that  likewise  yo'  said 
orato"  haue  noe  remedye  at  the  Comon  Lawe  to  recoup  the  monyes 
whereof  they  are  defrauded  in  regard  they  doe  not  knowe  by  whose  handes 
or  at  what  tyme  the  said  some  of  two  thousand  seuen  hundred  fower 
score  6?  thirteene  poundes  tenn  shilling^  was  receyued,  the  same  beinge 
had  6?  receiued  by  the  said  m'  Leveson,  most  of  it  by  pettie  6?  small 
somes,  6?  by  the  handes  of  a  very  greate  6?  almost  infinite  nomber  of 
seu^all  psons.  May  it  therefore  please  yo'  lor^^  for  the  releife  of  yo' Colon: 
orato'^  herein  to  grant  vnto  them  his  Ma''""  most  gratious  writt  of  Sub-^""^"^® 


poena  to  bee  directed  vnto  the  said  WilTm  Leveson  comandinge  him 
thereby  at  a  certen  day  6?  vnder  a  certen  paine  therein  to  bee  Hmitted 
psonallye  to  appe  before  yo'  good  Lorpp  in  his  Ma*^  most  high  Court  of 
Chancery  then  6?  there  pticularlye  to  answere  the  plmisses  6?  to  sett 
downe  vpon  his  oathe  what  monyes  he  hath  soe  as  aforesaid  receiued  6? 
howe  much  thereof  he  hath  paid  in,  6?  howe  much  as  yett  remayneth  in 
his  handes.  And  further  to  stand  to  6?  abide  such  order  6?  direction 
therein  as  to  yo""  Lor^p  shall  seeme  agreable  w*^  equitie  and  iustice.  And 
yo^  said  orators  shall  &c. 

Chr:  Brooke 

XVIII.  Virginia  Company  vs.  William  Leveson.    The  Answer  of 
William  Leveson  to  the  Bill  of  Complaint 

November  30,  1613 

Chancery  Proceedings,  James  I,  Bundle  U,  Nos.  2/55 

Document  in  Public  Record  Office,  London 

List  of  Records  No.  29 

Pennyman.    JurThe  Aunswere  of  William  Leveson  Defendant  to  the  Bill  of  Complainte 
yif   Nov:   1613         ^f  ^l^g  Thfer  and  Companye  of  Adventurers  and  Planters  of  the 

Mat   Carew      Jur  ^.      .          -  t  r.  ^        r^  r^    ^  •  ... 

denuo  post  erne-         Cittie  of  London  for  the  fnrste  Colony e  m  Virginia. 

dation  3  Decebr: 

ut  supra.  The  said  defendant  savinge  to  himself  all  advantage  of  Excepcon  to  the 

incerteintie  and  insufficiencie  of  the  said  Bill  of  Complainte  for  Aunswer 
therevnto  and  for  manefestaeon  of  the  Truthe  saithe  That  true  yt  is  as 
this  defendant  thincketh  that  the  said  Company  in  the  BiU  menconed 
had  graunted  vnto  them  the  King^  ma**^  Letters  Pattent^  That  they 
might  erecte  sett  furthe  and  publishe  one  or  more  Lotterries  for  the  Causes 
in  the  said  Bill  expressed.  And  also  thinckethe  yt  to  bee  true  that  his 
ma*'^  by  his  Letters  Pattent^  did  giue  and  graunte  vnto  the  said  Com- 
panie  full  power  and  authoritie  for  the  Choice  of  Officers  and  makinge 
of  suche  Constitution  as  in  the  Bill  is  menconed.  And  also  thincketh  ytt 
to  bee  true  that  the  Complayn^nt^  did  erecte  and  publishe  one  greate 
Lotterie  in  such  sorte  as  in  the  Bill  of  Complainte  is  sett  dowme  and 
expressed  And  also  saieth  that  true  ytt  is  that  the  CompTt^  for  the  said 
ppurose  made  diuerse  Lotterie  bookes  as  by  their  biU  of  Complajmte 


they  haue  alleadged,  for  the  purposes  in  the  Bill  of  Complaynte  Con- 
teyned  And  this  defendant  further  sayethe  That  true  it  is  also  that  hee 
this  defendant  was  appointed  to  bee  a  Receivor  of  parte  of  the  Lotterrie 
money,  And  that  there  were  seaven  or  more  Lotterie  Bookes  delivered 
vnto  this  Defendants  hands  as  by  the  said  Bill  is  alleadged,  And  that 
hee  this  Defendant  did  by  reason  thereof  and  the  authoritie  to  him  there- 
in given  from  the  ComplaynantS  Receave  diuerse  somes  of  money  of 
diuerse  and  sondrie  psonns  amountinge  to  a  greate  soiTie  of  money  the 
ReceytS  whereof  are  by  this  defendant  sett  downe  in  the  Bookes,  wch 
this  defendant  Receaved  from  the  said  Companye  wch  bookes  wth  the 
Receipts  there§in§  is  Conteyned  this  deffendant  hathe  longe  sithence  deliv- 
ered over  vnto  Sir  Thomas  Smithe  Tresurer  of  the  said  Companye  vnder 
whose  Custodie  or  vnder  the  Custodie  of  suche  person  or  psons  as  hee  the 
said  S""  Thomas  Smithe  hathe  coihitted  the  same  this  defendant  verrehe 
thinckethe  the  said  bookes  are  remayninge.  But  this  defendant  sayeth 
that  hee  this  defendant  hathe  not  receaved  the  some  of  Two  thousand 
seaven  hundred  ninetie  three  pounds  of  Lotterie  money  as  the  PlayntiffS 
by  their  Bill  of  Complainte  pretend.  But  this  defendant  to  his  beste  Re- 
membrance thinckethe  That  hee  this  defendant  hathe  receaved  as  by  the 
Bookes  will  appeare  Two  Thousand  sixe  hundred  fiftie  seauen  pounds 
ffifteene  shilHngS  or  thereabouts  for  the  more  Certeintie  thereof  this 
defendant  referreth  himself  to  the  severall  particulars  sett  downe  in  the 
said  books  by  this  defendant  dehuered  overr  to  the  said  S""  Thomas  Smithe 
hee  the  defendant  havinge  in  the  said  books  truhe  sett  downe  the  same  §in 
wch  said  bookes  this  deff  hathe  not  demaunded  allowaunce  for  dyu^se 
greate  losses  this  defend*  hathe  had  in  the  receavinge  of  the  said  2657^' 
15'  but  now  desireth  allowaunce  for  the  same§  And  this  defendant  say  the 
that  hee  neither  Can  nor  is  able  in  this  his  Aunswere  to  expresse  the  name 
of  everie  person  from  whome  hee  receaved  theire  money  of  Two  shillings 
and  sixe  pence  a  peece  as  the  Plaintiffes  by  theire  Bill  require  for  that 
the  same  would  make  a  most  tedious  Aunswere  And  therefore  hee  this 
deffendant  referrethe  himself  to  his  bookes  of  Account  aforesaid  deliuered 
to  the  said  S""  Thomas  Smithe  to  bee  iustlie  and  truelie  Caste  vp  what  the 
ReceitS  of  the  deffendant  hathe  beene  And  this  deffendant  further  saiethe 
That  true  it  is  That  hee  this  deffendant  hathe  made  the  Tresurer  and 
some  of  the  said  Companye  acquaynted  wth  the  said  Bookes  and  ReceitS 


And  also  withe  those  somes  of  money  the  said  defendant  hathe  paid  into 
the  said  Lotterrie  house  vnto  diverse  personns  beinge  diverse  great  soines 
of  monej^  as  they  the  said  Complaynant^  by  theire  BUI  of  Complaynt  doe 
Confesse  And  this  defendant  dothe  Confesse  that  true  ytt  is  that  hee 
this  defendant  hath  hadd  many  Lott^  and  Tickett^  in  the  said  Lotterie 
house,  But  denieth  that  hee  this  defendaunt  §hathe  had§  soe  many  LottC 
and  Tickett^  out  of  the  said  house  as  yf  hee  this  defendant  hadd  broughte 
in  and  Receaved  the  some  of  Two  Thousand  Seaven  hundred  ninetie  three 
pounds  and  Tenne  shilling^  as  by  the  said  Bill  of  Complainte  is  pretended, 
All  w''^  will  appeare  vppon  a  iuste.  Accounte  to  bee  taken  and  had 
between  the  Complayn^nt^  and  the  defendant,  And  this  defendant  further 
sayethe  That  att  a  Courte  houlden  by  the  said  virginian  Companye,  Tres- 
urer  and  Socyetie  aboute  Twoe  yeeres  paste  they  the  said  Companye  did 
Constitute  authorise  and  appointe  this  deffendant  for  the  provydinge 
buildinge  erectinge  and  settinge  vpp  of  a  Convenyent  house  for  the  said 
Lotterye  and  furnishinge  of  ytt  w**"  all  hanging^  furniture  and  other  stuffe 
for  to  serve  the  same  Lotterie  wch  accordinglie  this  defendant  did  take 
vppon  him.  And  therevppon  hee  this  defendant  and  Companye  havinge 
obteyned  a  Place  for  the  settinge  vppe  of  the  said  house  at  the  weste  Ende 
of  S'  Paules  Churche  hee  this  defendant  did  buye  and  provide  timber 
and  all  other  thingC  for  that  purpose  And  also  did  provide  workemen  of 
all  sortes  to  build  erecte  and  make  the  same  and  payed  for  all  the  Tymber 
and  other  thinges  that  went  to  the  same  And  also  from  tyme  to  tyme 
paid  the  hyer  dyett  and  wages  of  all  the  workemen  that  wroughte  about 
the  same  house  §and  all  other  charge  expended  and  laied  aboute  the  said 
lotterye§All  wch  from  tyme  to  tyme  was  doune  by  this  defendant  by  the 
order  and  appointement  of  the  Tresurer  and  some  of  the  said  Companye 
and  theire  advise  or  the  advise  of  suche  as  the  saide  Companye  appointed 
was  from  tyme  to  tyme  vsed  and  taken  therein,  And  this  defendant  fur- 
ther sayethe  that  hee  this  defendant  was  by  the  said  Tresurer  and  Com- 
panye appointed  to  take  the  money  that  should  and  was  to  bee  paid  for 
the  stuffe  workmens  wages  and  all  other  Chardges  bothe  for  the  build- 
inge of  the  said  house  and  furnishmge  §of §  the  same  out  of  suche  money  as 
hee  this  defendant  hadd  and  shoulde  receaue  for  Lotterie  money.  And  then 
at  the  said  Courte  the  Complaynant^  wth  one  Consent  did  graunt  and 
agree  to  allowe  and  paie  to  this  defendant  for  his  stypende  or  wages  for 

NOVEMBER  SO,  161S  55 

his  travayle  therein  the  some  of  sixe  shillinges  eight  pence  a  daye  wch 
the  said  Companye  appointed  this  defendant  to  take  and  allowe  to  him- 
self also  out  of  the  said  Lotterrie  money  that  should  bee  by  him  this 
defendant  Collected,  And  this  defendant  further  sayethe  that  accord- 
inglie  vppon  the  Agreemente  aforesaid  hee  this  defendant  hathe  sette 
vpp  erected  and  builded  the  said  Lotterie  House  at  the  weste  ende  of 
Paules  Churche  and  furnished  the  same  w*''  the  good  likinge  of  the  plain- 
tiffes  or  the  more  parte  of  them  whoe  from  tyme  to  tyme  hadd  the  vewinge 
of  the  worke  as  yt  was  to  bee  doune  and  gaue  direccon  therein  and  Causedd 
many  things  to  bee  chaunged  and  altered  before  the  said  worke  was  fin- 
ished and  did  knowe  and  were  made  acquainted  w*''  suche  somes  of  money 
as  was  paid  and  disbursed  about  the  same  house,  hee  this  defendant  shew- 
inge  sometimes  to  all  of  the  plaintiffs  or  the  greater  number  of  them  and 
sometimes  to  two  or  three  of  the  Plaintiffs  his  disbursem**^  and  payments 
And  this  defendant  further  sayethe  that  sithence  his  dealinge  in  receavinge 
of  the  said  Lotterie  money  hee  hathe  paid  vnto  S*"  Thomas  Smithe  diverse 
somes  of  money  att  diverse  and  sondrie  tymes  And  likewise  this  defendant 
hathe  also  paid  to  other  men  diuerse  somes  of  money  the  particulars  of 
all  wch  are  sett  downe  in  the  Lotterie  Books  by  this  defendant  receaved 
from  the  company  and  in  suche  other  bookes  as  this  defendant  hathe 
deliuered  to  S""  Thomas  Smithe  and  one  m"'  Wiltm  Rowsse  nominated  the 
husband  of  the  Companj^e  to  looke  vnto  the  busines  of  the  Companye 
And  this  defendant  also  saiethe  that  hee  the  said  m""  Rowsse  hathe  Caste 
vppe  the  payments  and  disbursements  paid  and  layd  out  by  this  defend- 
ant and  hathe  suiTied  vpp  everie  leafe  of  them  as  hee  said  and  as  this 
defendant  verehe  beleeveth  All  w"''  bookes  of  payments  and  disburse- 
ments bothe  for  the  Lotterrie  house  as  aforesaid  and  the  money  paid  to 
S"'  Thomas  Smythe  were  dehvered  to  the  said  S""  Thomas  Smithe  and  are 
as  this  deffendant  beleeveth  in  their  custody  or  in  the  Custodye  of  suche 
psonns  as  the  said  S'  Thomas  Smithe  hathe  Comitted  them  vnto  w'='' 
Bookes  this  defendant  humblye  prayeth  this  Honorable  Courte  that  hee 
this  defendant  may  have  againe  or  the  true  Copies  thereof.  And  then  hee 
this  defendant  wiU  enter  into  Accounte  wth  the  plaintiffes  for  all  matters 
whatsoever,  And  whereas  the  said  Plaintiffs  by  their  Bill  §do§  alleadge  that 
this  deffendant  dothe  hould  backe  and  deteine  from  them  the  Complayn- 
antS  the  some  of  seaven  hundred  pounds  w"''  this  defendant  ought  to 
haue  delivered  and  payed  to  the  CompltS  this  deffendant  vtterlie  denyethe 


§that§  ftftd  hee  this  defendant  dothe  deteine  or  in  any  waies  is  indebted  to 
the  said  Complayn''nt^  the  soine  of  seaven  hundred  pounds  or  any  some  of 
money  at  all  to  this  defend*^  knowledge,  hee  this  defendant  havinge  allow- 
ance of  his  iuste  paym*^  and  that  is  due  to  this  defendant  as  by  the  said 
Bookes  will  appeare,  ffor  the  Certeintie  of  all  wch  matters  hee  this  defend- 
ant referrethe  himself  to  the  said  bookes,  But  this  defendant  Confessethe 
that  there  is  Certeine  bourd^  some  peecC  of  tymber  and  other  stuffe  that 
was  lefte  by  the  workemen  vppon  finishinge  and  furnishinge  of  the  house 
w''^  yett  remayne  But  the  same  is  not  of  any  great  value  as  this  defendant 
takethe  ytt.  But  this  defendant  hathe  the  Custodie  thereof  and  wilbee 
readie  to  produce  the  same  or  accompte  for  ytt,  w*''out  that  that  hee  this 
defendant  ever  refused  to  come  to  an  Accompte  w'^''  the  pTt^  for  suche 
moneys  as  hee  the  said  defendant  hadd  receaved  for  the  said  Lotterie  if 
hee  might  haue  the  Bookes  backe  againe  And  w'^'out  that  that  hee  this 
defendant  hathe  receaved  the  some  of  Two  Thousand  seaven  hundred 
Ninetye  three  poundC  Tenne  shilling^  of  diverse  and  sondrye  personns  to 
bee  putt  in  and  adventured  in  the  said  Lotterie  as  they  the  said  Com- 
playn^ntC  doe  by  theire  Bill  laye  to  the  Chardge  of  this  defendant.  And 
w^^'out  that  that  the  said  defendant  did  procure  Lott^  and  Tackett^  in 
qthe  said  Lotterie  house  to  the  some  of  Two  thousand  seaven  hundred 
ninetie  three  pounds  Tenne  shilling^  as  the  Complayn'^ntC  by  theire  Bill 
haue  surmised,  And  w*^out  that  that  hee  this  defendant  doth  w*^hold  and 
deteine  in  his  handC  from  the  Complayn'^nt^  the  soiTie  of  seaven  hundred 
pounds  or  any  some  of  money  at  all  to  the  knowledge  of  this  defendant 
contrarie  to  anie  equitie  honestie  and  good  Conscj^ence  as  they  the  said 
Complayn^ntC  supposed  by  their  Bill  And  w*^out  that  that  there  is  any 
other  matter  or  Thinge  in  the  said  Bill  of  Complainte  conteined  materiall 
or  effectuall  in  the  lawe  to  bee  aunswered  vnto  aftd  §by  theise  deffend*§ 
not  heerein  sufficientlie  aunswered  vnto  Confessed  and  avoyded  traversed 
or  denyed  is  true  All  w'=^  matters  this  defendant  is  readie  to  averre  and 
proue  as  this  honorable  Courte  shall  award  and  humblie  prayeth  to  bee 
dismissed  out  of  this  Courte  w*''  his  reasonable  Cost^  and  Chardges  in 
this  behalf  wrongfullie  susteined 
Clap  Jd:  Moore 

FEBRUARY  16,  1613/14  57 

XIX.   Virginia   Compajmy  vs.    William    Leveson.     The   Answer   of 
William  Hall  to  the  Bill  of  Complaint 

February  16,  1613/14 

Chancery  Proceedings,  James  I,  Bundle  U,  No.  4/17 

Document  in  Public  Record  Office,  London 

List  of  Records  No.  31 

The  aunswere  of  William  Hall  Esquio""  one  of  the  defendt^  to  the  bill  of  j^f  le  Febr  leis 
Complaynte  of  the  treasurer  and  Companye  of  the  Adventurers  &'  Mat  Carew 
Planters  for  the  Cittye  of  London  for  the  ffirst  Colonye  in  Virginia  ^^"°'^*'''- 

This  defendt  saveinge  to  him  self  now  and  at  all  tymes  heerafter  all  the 
advauntage  of  excepcon  to  the  incerteynetyes  and  insufficiencyes  of  the 
said  bill  of  Complainte  ffor  full  6?  perfecte  aunswere  to  soe  much  thereof 
as  anie  waie  concerneth  him  this  defendt  to  aunswere  vnto  saith  that  he 
this  defendt  hadd  not  at  anie  tyme  anie  speeches  or  Comunicacon  with 
the  Adventurers  towards  the  Plantacon  6?  supplie  in  the  bUl  menconed 
or  with  anie  of  them  as  by  the  bill  ys  supposed,  nether  hath  he  this  defend- 
aunte  att  anie  tyme  bynne  moved  to  be  an  Adventurer  in  or  towards  the 
said  Plantacon  to  his  this  defendauntC  best  remembraunce,  And  this 
defendaunte  absolutelie  denyeth  that  he  did  at  anie  tyme  assume  or 
promise  to  disburse  paye  in  or  deliu9  vnto  the  Treasurer  in  the  said  biU 
menconed  towards  the  said  adventures  or  Plantacon  the  some  of  Seaventye 
ffyve  pounds  or  anie  other  soiTie  or  somes,  as  in  and  by  the  said  bill  ys 
supposed,  And  this  defendaunte  lykewise  vtterlie  denyeth  that  he  this 
defendt  hath  vnderwritten  his  name  to  anye  such  assumpeon  or  promise, 
or  in  anye  such  booke  or  Roll  as  in  and  by  the  said  Bill  ys  menconed  as 
an  Adventurer  towards  the  said  Plantacon  or  suppUe  of  the  sayd  Collonye 
of  Virginia,  as  in  and  by  the  said  bill  ys  surmized,  without  that  that  anie 
other  matter  or  thinge  in  the  said  bill  of  Complaynte  conteyned  concerninge 
this  defendaunte  materiall  or  effectuall  in  the  lawe  to  be  aunswered  vnto 
and  not  herein  sufficientlie  aunsweredvnto  Confessedand  avoyded  trav-g 
ersed  or  denyed  ys  true  All  which  matters  this  defendt  ys  readye  to  virgin  Colon  q 
averre  majmteyne  and  prove  as  this  honorable  Courte  shall  awarde  And^®^'"^'  ^^'^ 
humblye  prayeth  to  be  dismissed  ffourth  of  the  same  with  his  reasonable  ci:  pas.  vit. 
cost^  and  Charges  in  this  behaulfe  moste  wrongefulhe  susteyned.  ^^i  f  ^j^ 

Ph:  Gerard 


XX.   Shareholders  in  the  Virginia  Company  from  1615  to  1623 

March  6,  1615/16-June  9,  1623 

C.  0.  1,  Vol.  II,  No.  33 
Document  in  Public  Record  Office,  London 
List  of  Records  No.  36 
1615  Sha: 

March     06  A  Bill  of  Advent  of  12Ti  10^  to  M'  Codrington 1 


Nouem:  08  Capt  Martin  allowed  in  reward 10 

Janua:     08  M""  Raphe  Hamor  had  given  bim 8 

Janua:     15  Bills  of  Adventure  allowed  to  Capt  Raphe  Hamor  and  the  persons 
berevnder  named  for  euery  man  transported  at  their  charge, 
being  16  who  were  to  haue  noe  Bond  viz''' 
One  Bill  of  12ti  10^  for  M^  Rob:  Sturton. 
One  Bill  of  25    00  for  M^  Christo:  Martin. 
One  Bill  of  12     10  for  M^  John  Blachall. 
One  Bill  of  50    00  for  M^  Tho:  Hamor. 
One  Bill  of  62    10  for  M'  Raphe  Hamor. 
One  Bill  of  25    00  for  M^  W"  Tucker. 
One  Bill  of  12    10  for  M^  Ehas  Roberts. 
Febru:     12  Doctor  Chatterton  renouncing  all  Prizes  by  y^  Lott  had  a  Bill  of 

Adventure  of  12li  10'  adventured  in  the  Lott 1 

M'  Stacy  renouncing  all  Prizes  in  the  Lott  had  a  Bill  of  Adventure 

of  12ti  10« 1 

Capt  ArgoU  &  his  Associats  berevnder  named  allowed  seuerall 
Bills  of  Adventure  for  transport  of  24  psons  at  their  charge 

One  Bill  of    25"  00^  to  S'  W"  Louelace  kn* 
One  Bill  of    50    00   to  S"' Antho :  Aucher  kn* 
One  Bill  of    50    00   to  Mabell  Lady  CuUamore. 
One  Bill  of    50    00   to  John  ArgoU  Esquire. 
One  Bill  of    25    00   to  John  Tredescant. 
One  Bill  of  100    00  to  Capt  Sam:  Argoll. 

March     05  Jo:  Bargraue  allowed 15 

—  Geo:  Bargraue 05 

May        21  M''  Doctor  Anthony  admitted  &  a  bill  of  Advent  sealed  for  lOQTi..       08 

June        25  A  Bill  of  Advent  of  50"  sealed  to  M"^  John  Haulsey 04 

Juhe        30  A  Bill  of  Advent  of  43"  15"  sealed  to  M^  Darnelly 
Sept.        24  M^  Berblock  admitted 

MARCH  6,  1615/16-JUNE  9,  1623 



Nouein:  19  M''  Edward  Woller  passed  7  shares  to  M'  Gabriell  Barbor  of  12^i  sha: 

10  s.  apiece 07 

Decern:    17  S'  Fouike  Grevill  admitted. 

Janua:     07  M''  John  Tavernor  surrendered  to  M''  David  Wiffin  a  Bill  of 

Adventure  of  37^i  10^ 03 

Janua:     14  M'' Regnes  to  haue  a  Bill  of  Ad:  of 04 

—  M''  Sidrake  Soane  surrendred  vnto  Henry  Fotherby  one  Bill  of 

Advent  of 03 

Febr:        11  Samuell  Tubman  allowed 01 

18  M"- W"  Berblock  allowed  a  Bill  of  Advent  of 05 

March     04  A  Bill  of  Adventure  graunted  to  S''  S.  Saltingston  for 03 

[2]  1618 

May         06  S'  Eustace  Hart  surrendred  vnto  M"^  Thomas  Gibbs  a  Bill  of 
Adven:  of  25^  &  for  that  M'  Gibbs  paid  in  12^  10'  more  had 

allowed  him 03 

June         10  S'  Nich"  Tufton  admitted. 

17  S'  Hen :  Raynsford  allowed  a  Bill  of  Advent  for 03 

July         22  M^  Rich.  Paulson  sold  to  Robt  Hudson  a  Bill  of  Ad:  of  50^ 04 

24  Francis  Baldwin  allowed  a  Bill  of  Ad:  of  12^  10» 01 

Edward  Crosse  allowed  one  Personall  share 

Tho  Norincott  passed  to  M'  Francis  Meverell 03 

M'  Crowe  passed  to  M'  W"  Bolton 05 

Sept.        09  A  Bill  of  Ad:  of  12n  10' allowed  David  Wiffin 01 

16  M'  Dauid  Waterhouse  passed  a  Bill  of  Ad:  of  50Ti  to  M"^  Bland.-  04 
Nouem:  18  Twenty  great  Shares  giuen  Capt  Yeardly  for  transport  of  26  per- 
sons   20 

Decern.    02  John  Pountice  admitted  &  Three  Shares  given  him 03 

Lo :  Doncaster  admitted 

09  Ea.  of  Bed(I  assigned  to  S^  Edw:  Horwood  a  Bill  of  Ad:  of  50^1. .  04 
23  M'  Edward  Lukin  renouncing  his  Prizes  in  y^  Lott  is  to  haue  a 

Billof  Ad:for25ii 02 

March     04  M"^  Joseph  Man  assigned  to  S' Nath:  Rich 03 

17  M'  John  Taverno""  allowed  a  Personall  Share  of  100  Acr^ 01 

S^  W"  Smith  to  M' Nich"  Ferrar 02 


May        28  Giuen  vnto  S'  Thorns  Smith  for  a  Gratificacon 20 

—  Ea:  of  Salisbury  passed  to  Capt  Brett 02 

June        07  John  Hodgson  to  Fra:  Whitner,  two  shares,  w'""  he  passed  to  JNP 

Nich"   Ferrar 02 

John  Tavernor  to  Tho :  Sheppard 03 

Martin  Earle  to  Nicholas  Buckeridge 01 




June         07  Doctor  Bohune 

To  Rich:  Boothby 

To  D'  Tho:  Winston 

To  Hugh  Windham 

To  John  Tucker 

To  John  Strange 

Captaine  Edward  Brewster  to  W"  Cranmer 

14  Rot>t  Browne  allowed  a  Bill  of  Ad:  of  25^1  to  be  dedacted  out  of 
y'  500li  Ad:  of  y"  Lo:  Lawarrs,  &  for  his  Personall  Ad:   100 

Acr^. - 

24  W"  Shacley  to  Oliver  S'  John 

M"  Millisent  Ramsden  to  Oliver  S'  John 

Novem.   15  Abraham  Piersey  given  him  200  Acr^ 

17  Mathew  Cavill  admitted  &  a  Bill  of  Advent  given  him 

More  one  share  given  him 

[To  D^  Theodore  Gulston 

[To  Isaak  Seaward 

Peter  Bartle  3— -|to  d^  Theodore  Gulston 

John  Payne  Gent  IJ 

Augustine  Steward  to  S'  Henry  Jones 

Katharine  Clarke  widd  to  Edward  Harber  Esq, 

23  Elias  Roberts  for  a  single  share  by  a  Bill  deliuered  him 

Decern.    15  John  Cage  Esq, 








1 2  Humf  rey  Tomkins  admitted  by  Bill  of  Ad  vent 01 

31  John  Archer  Brother  to  Capt  Gabf  Archer  admitted  for  one  Share 

as  heire  to  his  said  Brother 01 

Stephen  Sparrowe  to  John  Hope 01 

02  Order  to  y^  Governo''  in  Virginia  to  sett  out  400  Acres  for  Capt 

Powle  and  M'  John  Smith 04 

16  Peter  Arundell  reasigned  to  S'' Thomas  Roe 05 

22  WilUam  &  Arthur  Franke  allowed  200  Acres  for  transport  of  Foure 

Men 02 

John  Holloway  giuen  him 01 

02  Ea:  of  Arundell  admitted 

S^  Thomas  Gates  to  M^  Samuell  Wrote 05 

M"  Hum:  Reynolds  to  M^  Hum:  Slany 05 

15  S""  Thomas  Gates  to  Edward  Palavicine 01 

18  M'  Thomas  Gibbs  to  his  Two  sonnes  Edmond  &  Thomas  Gibbs.  02 

Capt  Bargraue  to  Robt  Briggs 02 

M"^  Aliano  Lupo  admitted  for  1  share,  &  for  Three  men  more  w"'"  he 

sent  U 02| 

Tho:  Hodges  to  Walter  Eldred  by  will 03 

Henry  Davies  Land  allowed  to  Susan  Hamond. 

MARCH  6,  1616/16-JUNE  9,  1623 





03  Lady  Lawarr  to  Antho 
11  Capt  Bargraue  to  Elias 


Browne 25 

Foxton 01 

To  Edmond  Hackett 


To  S^  Walter  Earle 

To  Edward  Clarke 


15  Ea:  of  Dorsett  to  M""  Henry  Manwairing- 
To  John  ThornebiUTOugh . 

To  John  Collett  Gent 


To  Tho:  Masterson 

To  Cap:  Law:  Masterson. 

S' Tho:  Gates 

Capt  Bargraue 












To  Augustine  Linsell 01 

Thomas  Melhng  to  John  Cuff 

George  Persey  to  Christo:  Martine 

Thomas  Harris  to  Thomas  Combe 

17  W-"  Barretts  Gent  to  S'  Hen:  Crofts 

M'  Abraham  Cartwright  to  M"'  Chaloner. 

gr  Y^m  Cockaine 

Bishop  of  London] 

S'  Hen:  Manwayring  to  S"'  Edward  Sackville. 

Anthony  Irby  to  S"'  Nich"  Tufton 

To  S"'  Henry  Raynsford 

To  Edward  Morgay ne 

Lady  Lawarr  to  William  Waller 



31  S^  Tho:  Gates. 

23  S'  Tho:  Gates. .34 

To  S^Pliillip  Carewe 14 

To  M"'  Francis  Chahnor 

To  M^  Henry  Box 

ToM^Tho:  Vyner 

To  M^  W"^  Swayne 

To  M''  Arthur  Swayne 

To  M"^  Thomas  Swayne 

To  M^  W-  Swayne 

To  M'  Anthony  Biddolph 

To  M'  Geo:  Clarke 

ToM^  W"  Watson 

To  M"^  Rich:  Greenway 

To  M"'  John  Lawrence 

To  M'  Tho:  Stubbins 




1620                                          [To  M' Rich:  Lambe 01 

June        23  M'  John  Halsey..4  ^o  M^  John  Lambe 01 

To  M^  John  Budge 01 

[ToM^Tho:  Witherall 01 

Capt  Bargraue  to  M"  Phillip  Jemiine 01 

David  Bennett  admitted  for 03 

Lo:  Lawarr  to  y'  Ea:  of  South[a?njp]ton 05 

(ToM^Tho:Risely 02 

26  Ea:  of  Southton..5  psonall  shares^o  ^'  ^^!f''--"--- ^^ 

^                       To  M'  Phillip  GifTord 01 

(ToW- Smith 01 

M''  Harper  to  M^  Whitcombe 01 

S'  Fran:   Parington(To  W^  Pollard        01 

^       iTo  Hen:  Hickford 01 

Hen:  Hickford  to  John  Martine 01 

28  M*^  James  Bagg  given  him 05 

S'  Ferdinando  Weynman  allowed  vpon  Ace"  to  his  daughter  for 

100"  adventured  w""  y**  Lo:  Lawarr 04 

More  allowed  his  said  daughter  for  adventure  of  his  person 04 

Francis  Carter  to  Toby  Pallavicine 02 

John  Gray  to  Rich :  Baynam 02 

July         18  Ambrose  Austine_-_ll        t^     .       *    +u  no 

,           „     ,         .~      [To  Doctor  Anthony 02 

Joane   Danks   widd_lj 

Edward  Kirby  a  Planter  admitted 

Richard     Paulson(To  ^f  Andrewes 01 

[To  M^  Greene .. 01 

Nouem:  04  M""  Reynolds  admitted  &  one  Bill  of  Advent 01 

13  M"^  Delbridge  to  his  Sonne 02 

Capt  Bruster  to  S^  France  Wyatt 04 

Thomas  Maddocks  to  M-^  Stubbs 02 

W""  Litton  esq,  to  Capt  Harvy 03 


Nouem.   13  Edward  Harrison  to  Raphe  Fogg 05 

Graunted  to  y"  Somer  Hands  Comp%   100  Acres  to  a  share,  & 
3000'  Acres  for  publiqj  Land. 

Dauid  Lloyd  to  Henry  Rowland 01 

More  one  Pereonall  share  giuen  him 01 

Rich :  Moreton  admitted  for  a  Personall  share 01 

Given  to  Capt  Tucker - 15 

Janua:     29  M'  Geo :  Sandis  to  S''  Francis  Weyneman 02 

'  Possibly  5,000. 

MARCH  6,  WlBJie-JUNE  9,  1623  63 


1621         S^  Rich:  Bulkly  admitted  for 02 

Aprill       12  M'  Edward  Bennett  admitted. 

Lady  Berldey  admitted  for 01 

30  M"'  Nevvland  admitted  for  Fine  shares  given  him 05 

M''  John  Bonnall  admitted  for  Two  shares  given  him 02 

Tho:  Colby  allowed  one  Bill  of  Ad:  of  12"  10'  &  one  psonall  share 

due  to  his  Brother  Edmond  Colby  deceased 02 

[To  S' Hen:  Rainsford 2 

„        ■    n    ,        s  To  M^  Craddock 01 

Francis  Carter.. 5  ,_    .,,  t,  i  r.i 

To  M'  Palmer 01 

[To  M^  JohnHart 01 

Lott  Peere  to  M^  Barbor 02 

M''  Downes  to  M"'  John  Smith 03 

2  S'  Edwin  Sandis  given  him 20 

13  M"' Edmond  Hackliut  to  John  Moore 02 

Ambrose  Wood  as  heire  to  his  brother  Tho:  Wood  deceased 04 

More  for  the  adventure  of  his  Person 01 

Joice  Lodge  allowed  1  share  &  50  Acres  for  a  Personall  share  —  01 1 

10  Given  to  Capt  Maddison 02 

M"  Newport 35 

Thomas  Webb  allowed  him 03 

24  M"'  Anthony  Withers  admitted. 

T?  o.„;o  no.f n,.  oJTo  Rowland  Truloue 01 

In-ancis  Carter. 2^       m  i-      r^  r^^ 

[To  Tobias  Cooper 01 

24  M'  Patrick  Copland  admitted  &  3  shares  given  him 03 

30  1000  Acres  allotted  to  a  Schoole. 

Anthony  Gosnold 03 

Anthony  Gosnold|ToRot,tGosnold 01 

[To  Roger  Castle 01 

(To  Charles  Cratiord  esq, 04 

Nouem:  14  M' Churchill  Moone  To  Richard  Chetle  esq, 02 

|To  W"  Wheat  esq, 02 

iTo  Robert  Chetonly  gent 01 

Francis  CarterJTo  James  Woodcott 01 

[6]  |To  Geo:  Butler  Clarke 01 

Nouem:  14  (To  Isaack  Gold 01 

„        .    ri    .      ToJohnlvirby 01 

Francis  Carter^^^  .^j^^^  ^.j^^^ 0^ 

[ToGeo:  Cornish 01 





1621  Sha: 

21  M' Waterhouse  given  him  Two  shares 02 

[To  Robt  Hall 02 

Decern:    19  Francis  Carter, 

I  To  Rich:  Delbndge 01 

,::  1022 

Janua:     28  M' Balmford  given  him 02 

M"^  Evans  to  Thorns  Newton 02 

Febru:     13  S' John  Wolstenholme  to  John  Harrison 03 

S-^  Edmond  Harwell  to  M"^  Francis  Harwell 03 

M'  John  Clarke  admitted  &  given  him 02 

[To  Francis  Goodwine 02 

Francis  Carter] _,    ^,.        ,,     , 

[To  OhuerMordon 01 

M^  Tho :  Bulkly  in  y^  right  of  S^  Rich.  Bulkly 02 

M"  Elizabeth  Barkly  allowed  5K  shares  of  12"  10"  p  shares 05^ 

27  Hildebrand  Pruson  to  Tho :  Pemble 01 

Edward  Faucett  to  M'  Nich°  Ferrar 03 

M'  Scott  to  jVP  Patrick  Copland 03 

March     13  Capt  Tho:  Each  admitted,  &  giuen  him 05 

Joane  Read  allowed  her  100  acres  due  to  her  father  deceased 01 

Francis  Carter  to  Phillip  Wood 01 

Francis  Carter  of  M""  Hamors  to  Tho :  Melling 06 

Capt  Hamor  to  Henry  Hutchinson 02 

20  John  Dennis  admitted. 

27  S-- Antho:  Pell  &  his  Lady  to  W^Savill 02 

Edmond  Brudnell  to  Francis  his  sonne 02 

To  M^  Paulsteed 03 

To  Geo :  Mole  gent 02 

Francis  Carter  To  John  Bowater 02 

To  Rich:  Stevens 01 

To  M^  Rich:  Markham 01 

Thomas  MelUng  to  M^  Ro:  Jefferyes 02 

3  Hen :  Wolstenholme  to  John  Wolstenholme 03 

Francis  Carter  to  Geo:  Brookes 02 

Ambrose  Wood  to  Nathaniell  Elthrington 02 

May        OS  Clement  Wilmer  to  Geo :  Wilmer 02 

Francis  Carter  to  Henry  Wentworth 01 

20  Lo:  Lawarr  &  y^  La:  his  Mother  5  psonall  sha:  to  Jo:  Parkhurst.  05 

S"'  Hen:  Manwayring  to  his  Brother  Tho:  Mainwaj'^ring  escb 05 

[7]  S"' Samuell  Sandis  to  his  Sonne  S"^  Edwine  Sandis 01 

May  20         W""  Felgate  to  Tobias  Felgate 01 

PhilUp  Jacobson  to  James  Jacobson 01 

Francis  Carter  to  Tho :  Addison 01 

MARCH  6,  1615116-JUNE  9,  1623 









22  Doctor  Dun,  Deane  of  Paules^ 

Doctor  Sunnibanck 

M"^  Leech 

M^  Purcas 

M'  Damport 

M'  W"  Clarke 

M'  Tho:  Barwick 

M''  Whitson  Aldran  of  BristolL 

Elias  Roberts  to  his  sonne  EUas 

19  James  Mootham  to  ^ 

Francis  CarterfTo  Thomas  Waynwright. 

[To  Rot)t  Smith 

3  Capt  Martin  Prin  admitted  &  giuen  him . 

Tho :  Kerridge  admitted  &  giuen  him 02 

Robt  Careles  admitted  &  giuen  him 01 

M"'  Swaine  admitted  &  giuen  him 01 

M'  Sam :  Seaward  1 
M"'  Lawne  Preacher  [ 
M"'  Pemberton  Minister) 
Mary  Tue  150  Acres  to  M'  Daniell  Gookine 01^ 



Mary  Tue  to  Samuell  Jordan . 

Lo:  Marques  Hamilton 

S''  Edw:  Conway 

S'  Hen:  Mildmay 


S'  Edw:  Barkham 

M'  Henage  Finch 

Francis  Carter  to  Edw :  Palmer 

Francis  Carter  to  M'  Edw:  Butler 

M'  Browne  admitted 

Tho  Read  to  Edward  Hurd 

17  Capt  Thomas  Jones  admitted. 

Francis  Carter  to  John  Hitch 

j  To  Raphe  Bateman 

JTo  John  Budge 

William  Fleete  to  his  daughter  Kath:  Fleete. 

M'  John  Ferrar  to  M'  Edmund  Hun 

S'  Hen:  Rich  &  his  Lady  to  M"'  Hen:  Piercy. 


Rich:    Bull, 

6  Henry  Reynolds  to  W"*  Vesy 

20  Lo:  S'  John  admitted  &  giuen  him. 

»  Blank  space  in  manuscript. 


1622  Sha: 

Decern:     4  M'' Nich"  Ferrar  to  M'' Geo:  Mordent 02 

Henry  Lo:  Lawarr  &  y°  Lady  Cicely  to  M'  Nich°  Downes 02 

To  Christopher  Vivian 01 

ToM'Edw:  Palmer 14 

To  Tho:  Morse 01 

Febru:     03  Francis  Carter  s  To  James  Carter 01 

To  Thomas  Latham 01 

To  Edward  Palmer 11 

To  Rich  Norwood 01 

gr  y^m  Xwisden  to  his  sonne  S"'  Roger  Twisden 03 

W-"  Burnham  to  James  Fotheringill  one  bill  of  Ad:  of  12ti  10' 

and  one  psonall  share 02 

Collonell  Ogle  admitted. 

4  Ea:  of  South  ton  to  M'' Geo:  Garrett 02 

M"^  John  Ferrar  to  S"'  Roht  Harley 01 

M''  John  Ferrar  to  EUas  Southerton 01 

5  S^  Humf ry  Handford  to  S^  Timothy  Thornehill 01 

19  M"- Melling  to  M'' Boothby 02 

M'  Gideon  D'Lawne  to  his  sonne 02 

22  S^  John  Trevor  y^  father  to  S'-  John  the  Sonne 02 

M''  Viner  to  M"^  Francis  Bickly 01 

M''  Viner  to  M'  Roht  Alden 01 

M'  John  Ferrar  to  Mathias  Caldicott  Esq^ 01 

March       7  S''  Edwin  Sandis  to  M''  Henry  Sandis  his  sonne 05 

M'  John  Budge  to  M'  Middleton 01 

M^  W"  J— oson'  to  M^  Rich:  Biggs 02 

Aprill         2  S''  Walter  Rawleighes  sonne  admitted. 

(To  John  Gibbens 01 

M^Webb    To  James  Gibbens 01 

(To  Law:  WilUamson 01 

30  M'Scott  to  M' Tho:Culpeper 03 

May        07  S"^  John  Culpepper  to  M"' Freake 01 

14  Lo:  Bruice  admitted. 

Peter  Humble  to  John  Burgh 10 

M^  Bland  to  M^  Robt  Edwards 01 

Junii          9  M-- Burgh  to  M^  Antho:  Withers 01 

Lo:D'Lawarr  to  Collonell  Ogle 03 

M^  Downes  to  M^  Rich:  Winckfield 02 

[Then  follows  Number  33,  I,  used  as  a  cover  to  the  whole  and  indorsed 
"Virginia.  ||Businesse^|l."] 

»  Sic.  2 See  post,  in  Vol.  IV;  List  of  Records,  518. 

DECEMBER  19,  1916  67 

XXI,  Virginia  Company.     A  Letter  to  the  Mayor  of  Salisbury^ 
December  19,  1616 

List  of  Records  No.  37 

Whereas  the  Royal,  most  excellent  Majesty,  under  his  great  seal  of  Eng- 
land, authorizes  the  Virginia  Company  for  the  setting  up  of  a  lottery  for 
the  benefit  of  that  Plantation. 

We  by  virtue  of  said  grant  do  earnestly  pray  and  desire  you  M""  Mayor, 
M''  Recorder,  and  the  Aldermen  of  the  City  your  brethren  to  be  assistants 
to  our  deputies  Gabriel  Barber  and  Lott  Peere  being  also  members  of  our 
Company,  to  whom,  for  the  approved  trial  we  have  of  their  care  and 
sufficiency,  we  have  committed  the  management  of  a  running  lottery  to 
be  kept  in  that,  your  City  of  Salisbury,  requesting  so  much  more  earnestly, 
your  furtherance  therein,  for  that  it  is  for  so  good  a  work  as  the  upholding 
of  that  Plantation  which  we  have  now  great  hope  and  greater  than  before, 
shall  stand  and  flourish  to  the  honor  and  benefit  of  the  realm. 

And  although  we  are  well  satisfied  of  these  men's  integrity,  and  have 
already  given  them  an  oath  for  their  just  and  true  dealing  in  this  employ- 
ment, with  all  men,  yet  to  Satisfy  you  and  the  world  in  the  most  exact 
manner  that  may,  we  desire  you  to  receive  the  key  here  enclosed,  of  the 
prizes  and  to  see  them  mingling  of  them  with  the  blanks,  and  appoint  one 
or  two  of  your  City,  men  of  care  to  lock  up  and  open  the  same  every 
morning  and  evening,  and  permit  a  child  who  shall  be  allowed  for  his 
pains,  to  draw  out  the  lots  for  all  that  adventure,  as  shall  those  we  employ 
not  be  suspected  of  popularity  who  shall  only  pay  out  those  prizes  that 
shall  be  drawn,  and  yourselves  be  encouraged  if  they  shall  so  desire  to 
give  them  your  testimony  of  the  said  proceedings. 

'  This  document  is  printed  in  the  New  England  Historical  and  Genealogical  Register,  vol.  31, 
page  21,  1877,  in  an  article  entitled  "Notes  on  American  History  No.  XIII,  The  Virginia  Lotterie," 
by  the  Reverend  Edward  D.  Neill,  President  of  Macalcster  College,  Minneapolis,  Minn.,  who 
describes  it  as  "among  the  records  of  the  city  of  Salisbury." 


In  so  doing  both  ourselves  shall  have  great  cause  to  thank  you  and  the 
Plantation  to  acknowledge  your  love  and  kindness  towards  the  same. 

And  so  we  bid  you  very  hearty  farewell. 

From  London,  19*^  of  December,  1616 

E.  Sheffield  Pembroke       Edwin  Sandys 
H.  Southampton  Dudley  Digges 

Will.  Paget  John  Wrothe 

Thomas  Cavendish  Richard  Martyn 

Thomas  Smyth  Jo.  Wolstenholme 

Jo.  Dan  VERS 

XXII.   ''His  Majesty's  Councell  for  Virginia."    A  Proclamation 
Giving  License  to  Any  Who  Are  in  Virginia,  to  Return  Home  ^ 


List  of  Records  No.  38 

By  his  Majesties  Councell  for  Virginia 

Whereas  upon  the  returne  of  Sir  Thom,as  Dale  Knight,  (Marshall  of 
Virginia)  the  Treasurer,  Councell  and  Company  of  the  same,  have  been 
throughly  informed  and  assured  of  the  good  estat  of  that  Colony,  and 
how  by  the  blessing  of  God  and  good  government,  there  is  great  plentie 
and  increase  of  Corne,  Cattell,  Goates,  Swine,  and  such  other  provisions, 
necessary  for  the  life  and  sustenance  of  man;  And  that  there  wants  nothing 
for  the  setling  of  that  Christian  Plantation,  but  more  hands  to  gather  and 
returne  those  commodities  which  may  bring  profit  to  the  Adventurers, 
and  encouragement  to  others:  And  whereas  thereupon  the  Company  hath 
given  a  commission  to  Captaine  Samuel  Argol  to  be  the  present  Governour 
of  that  Colonic,  who  hath  undertaken  to  transport  and  carry  thither  a 
certain  number  of  men,  upon  his  owne  charge,  and  the  charge  of  other 
his  friends  that  joyne  him  in  that  Voyage;  in  which  divers  men  of  good 
qualitie  have  resolved  to  adventure,  and  to  goe  thither  themselves  in 

'  This  document  is  printed  by  Alexander  Brown  in  The  Genesis  of  the  United  States,  II,  pages 
797,  798,  witli  tlie  statement  that  it  was  preserved  by  Jolin  Smytli  of  Nibley  and  at  that  time  was 
in  the  possession  of  Charles  H.  Kalbfleisch.  Where  it  is  at  present  is  not  known  to  the  editor,  as 
after  Mr.  Kalbfleisch's  death,  his  collection  was  scattered.  According  to  Alexander  Brown,  it 
was  a  broadside. 

JUNE  7,1617  69 

person,  and  to  carry  with  them  their  wives,  their  children  and  their  families, 
whereby  in  short  time  (by  the  favor  and  assistance  of  Almighty  God)  that 
goode  worke  may  be  brought  to  good  perfection,  by  the  division  and 
setting  out  of  lands  to  every  particular  person,  the  settling  of  trade,  and 
returne  of  Commodities  to  the  contentment  and  satisfaction  of  all  Well 
affected  Subjects,  which  eyther  love  the  advancement  of  Religion,  or  the 
honour  and  welfare  of  this  kingdome:  Wee  his  Majesties  Treasurer, 
Councell  and  Company  for  the  same  Plantation,  have  thought  good  to 
declare  and  make  knowne  to  all  men  by  these  presents,  that  wee  have 
resolved  to  give  free  leave  and  Ucense  to  any  who  are  now  remaining  in 
Virginia,  at  his  will  and  pleasure  to  returne  home  into  England,  which 
liberty  wee  doe  likewise  grant  and  confirme  unto  all  those  which  hereafter 
from  time  to  time  shall  go  thither  in  person,  without  any  other  restraint, 
there  to  aske  leave  of  the  Governour  (for  the  time  being)  to  depart.  And 
therefore  if  any  man  be  disposed  to  send  for  any  of  his  friends  from  thence, 
he  may  hereby  take  notice,  that  he  hath  full  power  and  meanes  to  doe 
eyther  of  them  at  his  good  descretion. 

God  save  the  King. 

XXIII.  Governor  Argall.     Proclamations  or  Edicts 
June  7,  1617 

(1)  Miscellaneous  Papers,  1606-1683,  quarto.  (Abstract  only.)  (2)  Manuscript 
Collection  Virginia  Historical  Society,  John  Randolph  Manuscripts,  III,  91 

Document  in  (1)  Library  of  Congress,  (2)  Virginia  Historical  Society,  Richmond,  Va. 

(Cited  from  "N°/41.  A  Register  book  during  the  Gov'ent  of  Sam'  Argall  Esq'' 
Admiral,  &  for  y®  time  iSsent,  principal  Gov''  of  Virg*,"  a  record  not  known  to 
be  in  existence) 

List  of  Records  No.  39 

[97]  Proclamacons  or  Edicts 

Goods  to  be  sold  for  25  p  Cent  &  Tob°  at  3/p  C  &  not  under  or  over  penalty 
3  years  Slavery  to  the  Colony  ^ 

John  Hudson  sometimes   Provost   Marsh"  General  for  divers  crimes  & 
misdemeanors  comitted  ag'  the  just  &  Sacred  Articles  laws  &  Gou^m'  of 

»  Blank  space  in  manuscript. 


this  Colony  &  Comon  Weale  was  at  2  Marshalls  Courts  condem'd  to  die 
and  according  to  Lers  from  S'  Tho :  Smith  Treas""  for  y^  Comp*  to  S'  Tho : 
Dale  Gov''  reprieved  in  hopes  of  Amendm*  And  now  has  been  guilty  of 
more  Errors  Therefore  to  prevent  y^  danger  in  harb'^  so  ungratefull  a 
Viper  in  the  young  &  tender  bosom  of  this  so  religious  &  lawfull  an  action 
He  is  Exiled  &  banished  &  if  he  returns  to  be  put  to  death  without  further 
Judgm'  7.  June  1617 

XXIV.  John  Rolf.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys 

June  8,  1617 

Ferrar  Papers 
Document  in  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge 
List  of  Records  No.  40 
Honored  S' 

The  many  courtysies  and  favo"  I  haue  receaued  at  yo''  hands  shall 
(during  my  life)  bynd  me  to  yo"  in  my  best  service:  and  so  often  as 
occasion  shall  offer  itself,  I  will  not  forgett  to  express  the  same.  At  this 
l^lsent  I  haue  breifly  noted  to  yo",  in  what  estate  wee  found  the  Colony; 
and  of  o'"  speedy  passage  hether. 

Upon  the  10th  of  Aprill  wee  departed  from  Plymouth,  and  the  next  dale 
lost  sight  of  the  Lyzard,  having  the  Treasurer  in  o''  Company,  wch  kept 
wth  us  about  3  weeks:  at  what  tyme  we  lost  her  in  foggy  weather  w"*" 
contynued  after  20.  dales,  in  w'^^  tyme  wee  hadd  hardly  a  dale  to  make 
a  certe^Tie  obseruacon.  The  same  dale  month  (according  to  the  dale  of 
the  weeke)  that  we  lost  the  lands  end,  we  fell  w*''  the  dangerous  shoulder 
of  Cape  Codd,  runnying  in  one  glass  from  20  to  5  and  4  fathom  water, 
not  able  to  see  (by  reason  of  the  thyck  fogg)  halfe  a  Cables  length  from 
the  shipp.  Here  wee  ancored  all  night,  and  the  next  dale  w*^  no  small 
pill  gott  cleere  of  them.  From  heare  wee  shaped  a  Course  along  the 
Coast  of  Virginia,  keeping  our  lead  all  the  waie,  wch  was  o'  best  guide 
having  so  good  a  Pylott  as  o""  Gou'"n'',  the  fogg  still  contynuyng,  and 
arryved  at  Point  Comfort  y°  15*^  of  May,  all  o""  Company  being  in  good 
health,  only  one  man  dyed,  who  was  sickly  before  we  came  from  England. 
Thus  it  pleased  God  to  bless  vs  w*^  a  speedy  and  psperous  passage,  yea 
hadd  wee  not  bene  troubled,  to  free  o''  selves  from  those  showlds,  and 

JUNE  8,  1617  71 

w*'*  my  sty  weather,  we  hadd  assuredly  (by  Gods  help)  arryued  in  Virginia 
in  a  months  space.  ¥he  fte?c*  daie  feefe  Two,  or  3  dales  after  arriued 
Captaine  Martyne  w**"  the  pynnace  all  his  men  in  good  health  to  increase 
o""  ioyes. 

Wee  found  the  Colony  (God  be  thanked)  in  good  estate  and  inioyng  a 
firmer  Peace  and  more  plenty,  howeu""  in  buildings,  fortyficacons,  and 
fep  want  of  boats,  much  ruyned  and  greate  want.  O'  I'dsent  Gou'^n'"  at 
James  to\^^le  is  repayring  and  making  straight  what  he  fyndeth  decayed 
and  crooked,  to  whose  good  indeavo"  and  noble  disposicon  o'  Colony 
hath  bene,  is,  and  wilbe  much  indebted.  All  men  cheerefully  labor  aljout 
their  grounds,  their  harts  and  hands  not  ceasing  from  worke,  though 
many  have  scarce  ragges  to  cou""  their  naked  bodyes.  English  wheate, 
barly,  Indyan  Corne,  Tobacco  greate  plenty  in  the  ground.  Hemp  and 
flax  seed  distributed  to  most  men  by  the  Gou''n'  and  is  putt  into  the 
ground:  nothing  neglected,  w'^''  any  waies  maybe  avayleable  to  advance 
the  Colony,  and  to  give  incouragem'  to  yo'"self  and  the  rest  of  the  Ho'''*' 
Company.  The  Cattle  thrive  and  increase  exceeding  well,  the  ploughes 
yerely  worke  and  oxen  are  plentyfull.  The  Indyans  very  loving,  and 
willing  to  parte  w*''  their  childeren.  My  mves  death  is  much  lamented; 
my  childe  much  desyred,  when  it  is  of  better  strength  to  endure  so  hard 
a  passage,  whose  life  ffi«efe  greately  extinguisheth  the  sorrow  of  her  loss, 
saying  all  must  die,  but  tis  enough  that  her  childe  liucth.  I  know  not 
how  I  maj^  be  censured  for  leaving  my  childe  behind  me,  nor  what  hazard 
I  may  incurr  of  yo""  noble  loue  and  other  of  my  best  frends.  At  my 
departure  from  Gravesend  (nothw'hstanding  I  was  ymportuned)  I  hadde 
no  such  intent.  But  in  o""  short  passage  to  Plymouth,  in  smothe  water, 
I  found  such  feare  and  hazard  of  his  health  (being  not  fully  recouered  of 
his  sicknes)  and  lack  of  attendance  (for  they  who  looked  to  him  hadd 
need  of  nurses  themselues,  and  indeed  in  all  o""  passage  pved  no  better) 
that  by  the  advise  of  Captaine  Argall,  and  diuers  who  also  foresaw  the 
danger  and  knew  the  inconvenyence  hereof  pswaded  me  to  what  I  did. 
At  Plymouth  I  found  S'  Lewes  Stukely  so  nobly  mynded  toward  me, 
that  he  most  earnestly  intreated  to  haue  the  keping  of  him,  vntill  my 
Brother  tooke  further  order.  I  thought  good  to  rectyfie  yo"  hereof,  and 
desyre  yo""  self  and  all  the  Company,  for  those  causes,  to  hold  me  excused, 
if  in  their  iudgem*^  I  may  be  censured  to  haue  erred  herein.     A  firme 


contynuance  of  yo^  favo''  and  love  toward  me  I  daylie  praie  for.  And 
although  greate  is  my  loss,  and  much  my  sorrow  to  be  depriued  of  so 
greate  a  comfort,  and  hopes  I  hadd  to  effect  my  zealous  intencons  and 
desyres  as  well  in  others,  as  in  her  whose  soule  (I  doubt  not)  resteth  in 
eternall  happynes:  yet  such  temperance  haue  I  learned  in  psperity,  and 
patience  in  adversitie,  that  I  will  as  ioyfully  receiue  euill,  as  good  at  the 
hand  of  God:  and  assuredly  trust  that  Hee,  who  hath  jSserved  my  childe, 
euen  as  a  brand  snatched  out  of  the  fier,  hath  further  blessings  in  store 
for  me,  and  will  give  me  strength  and  courrage  to  vndertake  any  religious 
and  charitable  ymploym*,  yo'self  and  the  Ho*"'^  Company  shall  comand 
me,  and  w''''  in  duty  I  am  bound  to  doe.  Now  my  last  request  at  this 
tyme  is  to  yo'self,  whom  I  haue  found  a  father  to  me,  my  wife  and  childe, 
and  will  eu'  acknowledg  it  w*''  the  best  gratefullnes  my  hart  and  penn 
can  offer,  that  yo"  would  be  pleased  as  yo"  haue  begun  and  ben  the  one  of 
y^  principall  instrum*^  herein,  to  cont3mue  yo""  noble  favo''  and  furtherance 
even  for  my  childe  sake,  being  the  lyving  ashes  of  his  deceased  Mother, 
and  that  yo"  will  still  be  the  meanes,  that  yo""  owne  free  lib'ality  and  all 
others  by  yo''  pcurem*  in  obtayning  so  liberall  a  stipend,  may  not  die  w*** 
my  wife,  but  contynue  for  her  childes  advancem',  w"^  will  the  better 
inhable  myself  and  him  hereafter  to  undertake  and  execute  what  may  be 
comaunded  and  requyred  from  us.  Thus  refering  myself  to  yo'  approued 
wisedom  craving  pdon  for  my  boldnes,  desyring  no  longer  to  Hue,  then 
when  I  shall  cease  from  studymg  and  indeavoring  to  bend  my  best  strength 
to  pseuer  in  this  Accon  for  the  advancem*  of  the  hou''  of  o""  God,  King  and 
Cuntry,  w***  my  humble  remembrance  to  yo'"self  and  yo""  noble  and  virtuous 
Lady  whose  requests  I  will  not  forgett  to  satisfie  wherein  I  may  when 
tyme  shall  serve  I  take  my  leave  and  rest 
At  yo''  command 

ever  ready 

Jo:  Rolf 
James  Towne  this  8  of  June  1617. 

P'scrip*.  May  yo*"  please  y"  S'  as  occasion  shalbe  offered  to  remember 
me  for  some  place  of  coinaund  and  some  estate  of  land  to  be  confirmed  to 
me  and  my  childe,  wherein  I  haue  formerly  found  yo''  love  and  readynes, 
for  w*^""  I  shall  rest  much  bound  vnto  yo". 

JUNE  9,  1617  73 

[Addressed:]  To  my  honored  and  much  respected  frend  S'  Edwyne  Sandys 

Knight  dehuer  these. 

[Indorsed:]  M""  John  Rolph  From  Virginia, 

To  S^  Edwin  Sandys  8  June:  1617 

Their  iournie  to  Virginia. 

Good  estate  of  the  Colonic. 

Store  of  Cattle  &  ploughs. 

The  Indians  loving:  &  will  part  w""  their  child'n. 

Their  Comfort  of  his  son. 

He  left  at  Plunmouth  w**'  S''  Lewes  Stukeley. 

Desireth  the  Stipend  may  be  continued  to  him. 

Prayeth  a  place  of  command  &  land  for  gift[?]. 

XXV.  Governor  Argall.    A  Letter,  probably  to   His   Majesty's 
Council  for  Virginia 

June  9,  1617 

For  References  see  No.  XXIII 
List  of  Records  No.  39 

N°  41.     A  Register  book  during  the  Gou^en*  of  Sam'  Argall  Esq'  Admiral, 
&  for  y^  time  plsent,  principal  Gov''  of  Virg". 

9  June  1617  a  Ler  from  James  Town  that  he  lost  sight  of  the  Lizard  11 
ap*  1617  came  N°  course  &  anchor'd  15  May  before  point  Comfort, 
found  y"  people  well — tilling  ground  for  corn  &  Tob"  2  or  3  dales  after 
arrived  Cap*  Martin  5  weekes  passage  in  his  pinace.  then  he  went  to 
James  Town  &  found  all  boats  &c  out  of  repair  Sent  Cap'  Martins 
pinace  to  y''  N°  to  fetch  the  boats  y"  fishing  Comp''  gaue  him.  desires 
100  men  with  tools  &  &c  that  he  will  pvide  w**"  victuals  likes  James  Town 
better  than  Bermudas  40  miles  aboue  it,  will  Strengthen  it.  Great  plenty  & 
peace  That  he  sent  Tomakin  to  tell  Oppachancano  of  his  arrival  &  he 
came  to  James  Town  reed  a  present  w***  great  joy.  Tomakin  rails  ag' 
Engl''  Enghsh  people  and  particularly  his  best  friend  Tho:  Dale  all  his 
reports  are  disproved  before  opachank°  &  his  Great  men  whereupon  (to 
the  great  satisfaccion  of  y*'  Great  men)  Tomakin  is  disgraced  Powhatan 
is  gone  to  y^  K.  of  May — umps  m  patawamack  Riv""  &  has  left  y*'  Gou^nt 


of  his  Kingdom  to  opachank"  &  his  other  brother,  thinks  Hemp  &  flax 
will  grow  well  here  especially  flax,  little  trial  yet  of  pocoon  but  will 
proceed  in  it  Had  Instruecon  to  plant  anisseed  but  bro*  none  pray 
send  some.  SUk  worm^  thrive  exceedingly.  Excellent  Wheat  Barley 
cattle  thrive.  Ground  wore  out  with  maze  will  bring  English  grain, 
V/ant  min".  m'  Whitaker  being  drown'd  desires  another  Gov''  to  be  sent 
in  y^  mean  time  will  use  his  best  endeavours  on  w'^''  he  prays  they'l  put  y* 
best  construction  desires  S^  Dudley  Diggs  may  Sohcit  A  B"  to  giue  m"" 
Wickham  power  to  adm"^  Sacram*  here  being  no  other  parson 

XXVI.    Governor  Argall.     Pardons   to    George   White,  Arthur 
Edwards,  and  Henry  Potter 

October  20,  1617 

For  Eeference,  See  No.  XXIII 
List  of  Records  No.  42 

[53]  pardons 

Geo.  White  pardoned  for  runing  away  to  y^  Indians  with  his  arms  & 
ammunition  which  facts  deserve  death  according  to  y*  express  articles  & 
laws  of  this  Colony  m  that  case  provided  and  established  and  for  w''' 
offences  he  stands  Uable  to  y^  Censure  of  a  marshalls  Court. 

under  Seal  Colony  20.  8^^  1617. 
Anth°  Edwards  for  Stealing  a  prisoner  woman,  for  w*"^  he  was  liable  to 
Censure  marshalls  Court 

Henry  potter  for  Stealing  a  Calf  &  running  to  Indians,    death  ^ 

the  others  y**  same  crimes 

XXVII.   Governor  Argall.     Commissions 

October  20,  1617  (?) 

For  Reference,  See  No.  XXIII 
List  of  Records  No.  43 

[54]  Sev'  Comissions  to  trade  to  y*  N°  parts  of  Vii'g*  and  for  Comanders  of 
the  sev'  hundreds 

•  Blank  space  in  manuscript. 

OCTOBER  20,  1617  75 

XXVIII.   Governor  Argall.    Appointment  of  William  Powell 

October  20,  1617/? 

For  Reference,  See  No.  XXIII 
List  of  Records  No.  44 

[74]  Argall  ?lxxxx  Admiral  during  his  Ufe  &  plsent  Gov"'  makes  W"  Powell 
Cap*  of  his  Guards  &  Comp",  L*  Gov"'  &  Comd"'  of  James  Town,  blockhouses 
§&§  people  there 

XXIX.   Governor  Argall.     Commission  to  Trade 

October  20,  1617 

For  Reference,  See  No.  XXIII 
List  of  Records  No.  45 

Com°  to  trade  in  S°  pts  &  in  y"  bay 

XXX.   Governor  Argall.     Commission  to  Capt.  Nathaniel  Pool 
October  20,  1617 

For  Reference,  See  No.  XXIII 
List  of  Records  No.  46 

to  Cap  Nath  Pool  to  be  Serjant  Major  Gen' 

XXXI.   Governor  Argall.    Commission  to  Francis  West 
October  20,  1617 

For  Reference,  See  No.  XXIII 
List  of  Records  No.  47 

to  ffra.  West  maker  of  y^  ordinance  during  life 

XXXII.   Governor  Argall.     Commission  to  Nathaniel  West 
October  20,  1617 

For  Reference,  See  No.  XXIII 
List  of  Records  No.  48 


[55]  By  Instruccons  from  Lo:  LaWarr  Lord  Gov""  &  Captain  Gen^  of  Virg* 
Argall  makes  Nat  West  Cap*  of  the  Lord  Generals  comp''  ^    W™ 

Cradock  Provost  Marshall  his  Com.  Shows  his  duty  w*'''  no  other  Coin 

XXXIIL   Governor  Argall.     Confirmations  as  to  Cattle 

November  15,  1617 

For  Reference,  See  No.  XXIII 
List  of  Records  No.  50 


divers  cattle  were  given  to  the  Captains  &  others,  seeef  with  y^  female 
increase  in  Ueu  of  their  places  And  now  absolutely  sold 

15.  Nov.  1617. 

XXXIV.  Citizens  of  Bermuda  Hundred.    A  Letter  to  the  Governor 

OF  Virginia 

November  27,  1617 

For  Reference,  See  No.  XXIII 
List  of  Records  No,  51 

A  Ler  Sent  to  Gov''  by  y^  Citizens  of  Bermuda  hun"^  came  to  hand  27. 
Nov.  1617.  Signed  by  Recorder  &  9  others  Citizens  Claim  West  & 
Shirley  hun'*  as  belonging  to  them  &  refuse  to  let  Cap*  Madison  clear 
there  an.  to  ord''  Gov'' 

XXXV.  Governor  Argall.     Letter  to  Citizens  of  Bermuda 

November  30,  1617 

For  Reference,  See  No.  XXIII 
List  of  Records  No.  52 

30  Nov.  1617.  Gov""  answers  that  he  will  not  Infringe  their  rights  being 
a  member  of  that  City  himself  but  beggs  that  y^  Colony  Serv*'  may  stay 
there  this  year 

•  Blank  space  in  manuscript. 

DECEMBER  27,  1617  77 

XXXVI.  Lord  De  La  Ware.  Covenant  with  Lord  Zouch 
December  27,  1617 

C.  O.  1,  Volume  I,  No.  30 

Document  in  Public  Record  OfEce,  London 

List  of  Records  No.  54 

Whereas  the  right  Hono"''''''  Edward  Lord  Zouch,  Lord  Warden  of  the 
Cinque  port^  hath  paid  One  hundred  pounds  of  current  mony  of  England 
into  the  hand?  of  the  lord  Lawarr  which  mony  the  said  Lord  Zouch 

*  *  doth  aduenture  with  the  said  lord  Lawarr  in  his  present  intended 
voyage  to  Virginia  uppon  theise  Condicons  foUowinge  (that  is  to  saye) 
the  lord  Lawarr  doth  covn^nte  with  the  said  Lord  Zouch  *  *  *  to 
transporte  Seaven  able  men  into  Virginia  and  their  to  plant  them  aftd  -fee 
and  to  prouide  for  their  subsistinge  and  to  ymploye  them  and  their  labours 
for  the  best  proffitt  he  can  promissmge  and  covenantinge  to  retorne  into 
England  a  fuU  third  parte  of  the  proffit  of  their  la!:>ours  be  yt  more  or 
lesse  to  the  vse  of  the  said  Lord  Zouch  *  *  vntill  such  tyme  as  by  the 
costome  of  the  Contrey  the  said  men  soe  transported  are  to  be  made 
fireemen  and  afterward  to  ympose  such  convenient  rent  as  they  shalbe 
hable  to  bare.     A  §which§  rent  shalbe  estabhshed  to  the  said     *     *     * 

*  *  Lord  Zouch  *  and  his  Assignes  durmge  the  lives  of  the  said 
men  soe  transported  And  the  lord  Lawarr  doth  Covn^nte  to  give  a  true 
noate  of  the  names  of  those  Seaven  men  to  be  soe  transported  soe  soone 
as  they  are  or  shalbe  shipped  for  Virginia  In  witnes  whereof  the  said 
lord  Lawarr  hath  sett  his  hand  and  seale  the  Seauen  and  twentith  dale  of 
December  Ao.  dni  1617  and  in  the  fiifteenthe  yere  of  the  Raigne  of  o' 
sou^aigne  lord  Kinge  James  of  England  ffraunce  and  Ireland  and  of 
Scotland  the  one  and  ffiftith 

Tho:  Lawarr 
Sealed  and  deliuered 
in  the  presence  of 
James  Barker 
Edwarde  Fowkes 
Thomas  Banest"" 

[Indorsed:]  My  lo:  De  la  Warres  Couen'^nt  for  my  lo:  Zouches  aduenture 
to  Virginia. 


XXXVII.  Governor  Argall.    Memoranda 


For  Reference,  See  No.  XXIII 
List  of  Records  No.  55 

[51  ^]   Certain  Reasons  touching  y^  most  convenient  times  &  Seasons  of  y^ 
year  for  y^  Magazine  Ship  to  Set  forth  for  Engl**  towards  Virg'' 

1  To  come  out  in  June  &  be  here  in  Sepf  a  temperate  time  then  is  y" 
harvest  of  Corn  &  Tob°  and  one  man  may  tend  &  keep  as  much  as  2  can 
house  &  Cure  After  Sept  wind  blowing  at  N°  West  will  make  a  long 

2  Weather  after  Sept  so  unconstant  that  goods  cant  be  landed  or  shipt 
without  hazard  or  damage 

3  Because  few  Taylors  y®  people  won't  get  their  cloathes  time  enough  for 

4  you'l  then  haue  y''  best  Tob°  y®  bad  not  then  ready 

5  your  ships  may  get  home  by  Candlemas  before  y^  East  Indie  Ships  set 
out  w"^  will  help  y^  Speedy  venting  y^  Tob° 

6  If  the  Ship  dont  come  before  March  (our  Seed  time)  we  cant  afford 
time  to  attend  Magazine 

7  for  want  of  boats  it  will  be  14  dales  loss  to  a  man  in  Transp.  goods  in 
w''^  time  he  may  loose  all  his  Tob°  &  Corn 

8  if  yo'  Ships  return  after  April  y®  heat  of  y®  hold  will  hurt  y^  Tob° 

9  furnish  yo''  Magazine  w*^  more  than  for  y^  p'sent  &  let  a  continual 
trade  be  on  foot  and  then  at  y^  arrival  of  your  Shiping  you'l  haue  Com° 
ready  &  they'l  be  soon  dispatched 

10  If  you  grant  more  such  Commissions  for  Gen^  trade  as  you  have  done 
to  Capt  Martin  you'l  overthrow  yo''  magazine,  conferr  w*^  y*  bearer  m"" 
Dade  who  has  had  a  y"  experience  &  can  satisfie  you  in  aU  points. 

Record  p  Jo:  Rolff  Secretary  &  Record^  General 

'  This  number  does  not  belong  to  the  original  roll. 

1618?  79 

XXXVIII.  Governor  Argall.     Letter  to  the  Council  ¥Qh  Virginia 


For  Reference,  See  No.  XXIII 

List  of  Records  No.  56 

Gov"  Ler  to  the  Council  for  virg''  without  date  Earnestly  desires  to  give 
up  his  place  He  is  glad  he  is  freed  from  y"  Magazine  business  Lets  em 
know  they  have  affronted  him  by  joining  y''  Cape  Merch'  with  him  in  equal 
trust  No  such  thing  as  Idleness  now.  you  won't  be  overburdened  w*''  Tob° 
nor  any  other  Com°  because  Tob°  feeiftg  §is§  low  &  y'  goods  high  priced 
and  if  the  people  fall  upon  hemp  or  other  Com°  it  will  be  even  as  with 
Tob°  you  have  wholly  destroyed  discouraged  them.  They  are  forced  to 
tend  old  ground  for  want  of  tools  that  hee  expected  3/p^'  for  Tob°  he 
sold  cattle  for  &  had  but  2/3"^ 

XXXIX.  Governor  Argall.    Four  Warrants 


For  Reference,  See  No.  XXIII 

List  of  Records  No.  57 

To  3  or  4  to  Exam*"  witnesses  &  report  to  y^  Gov'' 

To  M"  of  Ships  not  to  let  their  sailors  go  ashore  or  talk  with  y«  people  at 

To  Some  persons  to  trade  with  Indians 
To  the  Ranger  of  y^  forest  at  Kigoton  to  take  up  Indians. 
Spyes  or  hogstealers  contrary  to  Articles  of  peace. 

XL.  A  Complete  List  in  Alphabetical  Order  of  the  "Adventurers 
to  Virginia,"  with  the  Several  Amounts  of  their  Holding' 


Manchester  Papers,  No.  241 

Document  in  Public  Record  Office,  London 

List  of  Records  No.  58 

'  This  is  an  alphabetical  list,  but  is  not  the  same  list  as  the  one  printed  in  Force,  Tracts,  III, 
No.  IV.  Maneliester  Papers  241  is  all  in  one  hand,  being  a  copy  made  at  one  time,  even  the  entry 
"S'  John  Harington  now  lord"  has  all  been  written  at  one  time.  The  list  is  not  the  same  as  List 
of  Records  No.  36  (C.  0.  1,  Vol.  II.,  No.  33.) 

2  The  date  may  be  1619.  See  an  Order  of  the  Virginia  Company.  Court  Book,  December 
15,  1619,  and  June  23,  1620. 



S'  Anthonie  Ashly 

S'  Roger  Aston 

S^  William  Ayliffe 

S'"  John  Ackland 

Morris  Abbot 

Giles  Allington 

Charles  Anthonie 

Edward  Allen 

William  Atldnson 

Richard  Ashcrofte 

Nicholas  Andrewes 

James  Askue 

John  Andres 

Thomas  Allen 

John  Allen 

Ambrose  Austen 

Edmond  Allen 

John  Arundell 

D°  Francis  Anthonyc- 

Robert  Askwith 

Anthonie  Abdey 

Adventurers  to  Virginia 

William  Benham. 
William  BarnaK. 

[2]  B 

The  Earle  of  Bedford 

Bishop  of  Bath  &  Wells 

S''  Morrice  Barkeley 

S^  Thomas  Bludder 

S""  Thomas  Beamont 

John  Bucher 

S''  John  Bennet 

S''  Francis  Barington 

S''  Amias  Bamfeild 

Companie  of  Barbersurgions, 

Companie  of  bakers 

Capt:  Thomas  Button 

Capt.  John  Brough 

Richard  Banister 

John  BaukC 

Thomas  Barber 



















































62     10 


[  James  Brearely 87     10 

I  William  Bruster 20 

I  Richard  Brooke 50 

I  Hugh  Broker 50 

{  Ambrose  Brewsie 12     10 

j  John  Brooke 12     10 

I  Mathew  Bronericke 66 

i  Christopher  Brooke 50 

I  Martin  Bond 12     10 

;  Gabriell  Beadell 12     10 

j  Dauid  Borne 25 

I  Edward  Barnes 50 

John  Badger 12     10 

j  Edmond  Brundwell 25 

Robert  Bowyer 25 

Robert  Bateman 25 

Thomas  Britton 25 

Nicholas  Benson 75 

Peter  Burgoney 12     10 

!  Thomas  Burgoney 12     10 

j  Robert  Burgoney 12     10 

I  Edward  Bishop 75 

I  Christopher  Barron 62     10 


,  John  Bingley  Esq, 125 

j  Peter  Benson 25 

j  John  Baker 25 

I  John  Busteridge 62     10 

Francis  Burley 25 

William  Browne 12     10 

Robert  Barker 25 

Samuell  Burneham 12     10 

Edward  Barldey 12     10 

Willia  Bennet 25 

George  Barklie 12     10 

Anthonie  Barners 100 



Edward  Bruster 30 

Thomas  Bocket 25 

John  Bullocke 25 

George  Bache 12 

Thomas  Baley 37 

WilUamBarkUe 12 

Miles  Bank^ 50 

George  Butler 25 

Thomas  Bathurst 25 

George  Burton 12 

Thomas  Bret 25 

Thomas  Baker 100 

JohnBlunt 37 

Richard  Blunt 12 


Minion  Burrel 12 

Richard  Blackmore 25 

Benjamin  Bland 12 

Willia  Burrell 37 

Willia  Barret 25 

Francis  Baldwin 12 

Willia  Becke 25 

S''  Edmond  Bowyer 12 

S'  George  Bowles 37 

Edward  Barber 12 

Humfry  Basse 25 

RobertBell 37 

Mathew  Bromerighe 16 

John  Beomont 12 

Peter  Barklet 37 

Ruben  Borne 37 

JohnBetton 12 

Arthur  Bromfeild 25 

Willia  Bearebb§l§ocke 12 

Charles  Becke 25 

[6]  C 

The  archbishop  of  canterbury 

grace 75 

the  Earle  of  Clanricard 20 

the  Lord  Cavendish 137 

'  Left  blank  in  manuscript. 


the  Lord  Compton.. 
the  Lord  Cranbornc-. 
the  Lord  Chandos,  _ . 

the  Ladie  Carie 

Willia  Cooke 

S""  Oliver  Cromwell. . 

S''  Henry  Carie 

S"'  George  Coppin 

S""  George  Calvert... 
S"'  Rowland  Cotton. . 
S"'  Anthonie  Coape. . 
S'  Edward  Conway. . 
S'  Henry  Cary  Capt: 
S^  Walter  Covert... 
S'  Edward  Culpepp. 

S""  George  Carie 

S'"  William  Craven .  _ 



SMValter  Chute 

S^  Walter  Cope 

S''  Edward  Cecill 

S'  Lionell  Cranfeild 

S''  Edward  Carre 

S""  Tomas  Corncsbe 

S""  WilUa  Cavendish 

S"'  george  Chute 

Robert  ChamberUn 

Francis  Covell 

Willia  Coice 

Abraham  Chamberlen 

Thomas  Carpenter 

Anthonie  Crue 

William  Crosley 

James  Chatfeild 

Richard  Caswell 

John  Cornellis 

William  Cantrell 

Randall  Carter 

Richard  Champion 

Richard  and  george  Cham- 




12  10 








12  10 

12  10 





12  10 

12  10 




112  10 



12  10 

62  10 

12  10 

37  10 






Rawlie  Crashawe. 

Henry  Collins 

Henry  Cromwell.. 
John  Cooper 


Richard  Coop 

Thomas  Colethurst 

John  Casson 

Allen  Cotton  Ald^ 

Edward  Caghe 

Abraham  Cartwright 

Robert  Coppin 

Thomas  Cannon 

John  Clapham 

William  Crashawe 

Thomas  Church 

Willia"  Carpenter 

Lawrence  Camp 

Clemen  Chitley 

James  Cambell 

Christopher  Clethrae 

Mathew  cooper 

george  Chambers 

James  Culliner 

Companie  of  clothworkers.-. 

Capt  John  Cooke 

Capt  Thomas  Conaway 

Dauid  Culpepp 

Abraham  Culliner 

The  towne  of  Chichester 


John  Culpepp 

Edmond  Colbee 

Robert  Creswell 

William  Crov/e 

Abraham  Carpenter 

John  Crowe 

Thomas  Cordell 

Richard  Connocke 

William  Chester 

Richard  Chamberlen 

1  Blank  space  in  manuscript. 


12  10 
62  10 

37  10 



62  10 

87  10 


12  10 



37  10 

62  10 

37  10 





12  10 



37  10 


12  10 


37  10 
12  10 
12  10 
12  10 
12  10 
37  10 

Thomas  Covell 

William  Compton 

Richard  Carmarden 

Simon  Codrington 

Willia  and  paul  Camming. 
Thomas  Coventry 


[10]  D 

The  Earle  of  Dorset 

The  Lord  Denny 

S""  Andrew  Drewry 

Thomas  Dennis 

John  Digbie 

John  Davies 

Robert  Drurie 

Thomas  Dale 


John  Dodeiudge 

S"^  John  Davies 

S""  Marmaduke  Dorret 

Clement  and  Henry  Daubny. 

Richard  Deane 

Henry  Dawk< 

Jcffery  Duppa 

Richard  Dichfeild 

William  Dunne 

PhiUip  Durdent 

Abraham  Dawes 

John  Dicke 

Thomas  Draper 

Comp  of  Drapers 

Lancelot  Davies 

Rowley  Dausey 

Edward  Dichfeild 


WiUiam  Dobson 

The  towne  of  Dover 

Anthonie  Diot 

Avery  Dranf eild 

Roger  Dye 

John  Downes 

John  Drake 




















































John  Delbridge 37     10 

Benjamin  Decrewe 37     10 

Thomas  Dicke 25 

Comp  of  Diers 75 

Sara  Draper 12     10 

Daniell  Darnelly 45 

[12]  E 

The  Earle  of  Exeter 220 

S^  Thomas  Everfeilde 12     10 

S''  Francis  Egcocke 37     10 

John  Eldred 137     10 

Robert  Evolin 17 

JohnExton 12     10 

WilUam  Evans 87     10 

John  Elkin 87     10 

Richard  Evans 50 

Hugh  Evans 50 

RaphEvins 37     10 

georg  Etheridge 62     10 

Nicholas  Exton 75 

[13]  F 

S"'  Henry  Fanshawe 70 

S^  Thomas  Freake 25 

S^  WilUam  Fleetwood 37     10 

S'  Peter  Frechvill 37     10 

S^Moile  Finch 50 

S'' John  Fearne 12     10 

S""  Henry  Fanne 12     10 

Comp  of  fishmongers 150 

John  Fletcher  and  Comp...  137     10 

Martin  Freeman 75 

John  Farmer 100 

William  &  raph  freeman 87     10 

Thomas  Forrest 50 

Edmond  Fleetwood 62     10 

William  Filder 25 

William  Felgate 62     10 

Nicholas  Farrer 50 

John  Franklin 25 

Edward  Facett 57 

Giles  Francis 25 

Richard  Frith 25 

george  Farmer 12 

j  Richard  Farington 25 

I  Dauid  Floyd 12 

I  [14] 

1  John  Fernet 12 

Thomas  Francis 12 

John  Fermer 50 

Nicholas  Fuller 20 

Thomas  Foxall 37 

Wihiam  Fleet 37 

Peeter  Franke 12 

William  Faldoe 12 

Richard  Fishborne 25 

Thomas  Fox 12 

WilUam  Ferres 37 

!  [15]  G 

John  gardner 75 

John  greenige 12 

John  greenige 100 

j  John  gilbert 62 

John  graue 25 

John  gray 25 

Richard  gardoner 12 

Nicholas  greece 25 

1  Richard  god§d§eard 25 

I  Thomas  gipps 12 

jPetergatt; 12 

Laurence  greene 37 

William  greenwell 100 

Robert  garset 12 

Robert  goare 37 

Francis  glanvill 37 

!  Thomas  gouge 12 

Thomas  gibbs 12 

Lady  gray 25 

S^  William  godolfin 37 

S'  Thomas  gates 100 

S''  William  garaway 83 

S""  Richard  grobham 50 

,S^  WilUam  gee 25 









6     8 




S""  John  gray 

S"'  Francis  goodwin,., 

S""  george  goring 

Comp  of  grocers 

Comp  of  goldsmithes. 
Comp  of  girdlers 

[17]  H 

The  Earle  of  Huntington 

The  Lord  Howard 

S''  John  Harington  now  lord. 

Thomas  Holdcrof te 

S''  Warwicke  Heale 

S''  Thomas  Hoi-well 

Baptist  HicK 

John  Hollis 

Thomas  Hewit 

Ferdinando  Hyborne 

William  Herricke 

WiUiam  Harris 

John  Hay  ward 

Thomas  Harefleete 

Vstacie  Hart 

John  Hanham 

Edward  Heron 

Arthur  Harris 

Richard  Humble 

Richard  Hacklewt 

Edward  Harrison 

John  Harper 

george  Houleman 

Robert  Hill 

Raph  Harrison 

griffith  Hinton 

Thomas  Hawking 


JA-HpilO  xrftf f ©SOJi 

William  Hancocke 

george  Hanger 

John  Ho§u§lt 

Harmon  Harrison 

John  Hunkly 

12     10 

37     10 

487     10 



87     10 
187     10 


37     10 

37     10 



37     10 



12     10 

12     10 


12     10 


37     10 

112     10 

62     10 

87     10 


12     10 


62     10 


12     10 

Jeromie  Haydon 75 

RaphHamor 133 

John  Ho§d§gsall 25 

John  Hanford 37 

Thomas  Harris 25 

Richard  Howell 12 

John  Hayward 100 

Thomas  Henshawe 75 

Hugh  Hammerslie 25 

Leonard  Harwood 37 

Francis  Haselrage 12 

Raph  Hamor  the  yonge"" 25 

Tobias  Hinson 45 

Peter  Highlie  2 25 

george  Hawldnson 12 

Thomas  ah  Hackshawe 12 

Charles  Hawking 62 


george  Hooker 25 

John  Hoge 50 

William  Houldcn 12 

Robert  Hartelie 12 

gregory  hearst 12 

Roger  Harris 68 

Nicholas  Hide 37 

Laurence  Hide 37 

John  Harris 37 

John  Hare 37 

Thomas  HogC 37 

James  Hayward 12 

William  Hackwell 12 

gressam  hogan 37 

Humfry  Handf ord 50 

William  Haselden 12 

Nicholas  Hacker 25 

Dcor  Anthonie  Hunton 37 

JohnHogsall 37 

Tristram  Hill 25 

Richard  Hearne  Aid' 37 

William  Hog< 25 

Thomas  Hamp§y §ton 25 

William  HickC 30 

Samuell  HoUiland 37 

6     8 





[20]  I  J 

S""  Francis  Jones 37 

S^  Thomas  F  Jarman 12 


S""  Arthur  Ingram 25 

Robert  Johnson  Alderman  _  _  241 

Richard  Ironside 75 

Henry  Jackson 25 

Thomas  Jones 12 

WilliaJobson 25 

Thomas  Jonson 62 

Tliomas  Jadwin 15 

John  Josiia 12 

george  Isham 37 

William  Janson 37 

Comp  of  Inholdcrs 25 

Comp  of  Imbroderers 25 

Comp  of  Ironmongers 33 

Thomas  Juxson 25 

Pliilip  Jacobson 

Peter  Jacobson 50 

James  Jewells 25 

gabriell  Jaqnes 25 

Walter  Jobson 25 

The  Towne  of  Ipswich 100 

Himifry  Jobson 12 


Edward  James 37 

Zacharie  Jones 10 

Antonie  Irbie 12 


S' Robert  Idllegrew 110 

S^  Charles  kelke 25 

S-'Johnkaile 25 

S'  Valentine§e§  knigtly 37 

John  kirrell 75 

Raph  king 62 

Richard  Knaresborough 12 

Henry  Kent 25 


John  kettlebee 25 

Walter  kirkham 16 

'  Blank  space  in  manuscript. 

6      8 

2      10 




The  Earle  of  Lincolne 50 

The  lord  Lisle 90 

S"'  Samuel  Leonard 37     10 

S'  Francis  Leigh 33       0 

S""  John  Lewson 12     10 

S^Wilha  Lower 37     10 

Capt  Richard  Lindsey 25 

Comp  of  Icthersellers 50 

Thomas  Langhton 62     10 

WilliaLowson 37     10 

Peter  Latham 12     10 

Henry  Leigh 12     10 


Morrice  Lowellen 37     10 

Thomas  Lever 62     10 

Christofer  landman 50 

Edward  Lewes 37     10 

Edward  Lewkin 37     10 

Peter  lodge  in  stocking 12     10 

Thomas  Lawer 12     10 

Thomas  Lawson 12     10 

Francis  Lodge 25 

John  Langley 25 

John  Lewet 25 

Lewke  Lodge 12     10 

Arnold  Lulles 50 

William  Laurence 12     10 

John  Landman 25     10 

Campson  Leonard 12     10 

Nicholas  Lichfeild 6       h 

Nicholas  Leate 25 

The  towne  of  king^  Linne.--  75 

gideon  de  lawne 37     10 

[24]  M 

the  Earle  of  Montgomery 40 

the  Lord  Mounteagle 50 

S^  John  Mericke 62     10 

S''  george  Moore 75 

S^  Robt  Mansell 97     10 

S' Thomas  Midleton (') 

S' Edward  Michelborne 12     10 



S'' Cavaliero  Macot 125 

S^DauidMurry S37 

S' Peter  Manhood 50 

S^  Robert  Miller 37 

S''  Arthur  Mannering 25 

S'  Thomas  Mansel 50 

S^  William  My nard 12 

S""  Tomas  Mildmay 12 

S' Humphry  May 31 




Comp  of  Mercers 200 

Comp  of  Merchant  tailors.  _  200 

Doctor  MedduC 15 

Doctor  mountaine 12     10 

Capt:  John  Martin 95 

Capt:  Alphonsus  van  Met- 

kerke 25 

Captaine  Henry  Meoles 25 

Otho  Madite 62     10 

Arthur  Mouse 37     10 

Adryan  Moore 100 

Thomas  Mumford 20 

Thomas  Morris 87     10 

Raph  Morton 30 

Francis  Mape^ 12     10 

Richard  Maplesden 50 

James  Monger 25 

Peter  Monsell 75 

Robert  Midleton 37     10 

Josias  Mand 12     10 

Richard  Morton 12     10 

george  Mason 25 

Thomas  Maddox 25 


Richard  Moore 25 

Nicholas  Moone 12     10 

Richard  Martin 75 

Philip  MoleC 12     10 

John  Midletonne 6       5 

Humfry  Marret 12     10 

*  Blank  space  in  manuscript. 

Jarvis  Monday 12     10 

Robert  Mildmay 37     10 

Willia  Millet 37     10 

Richard  Morer 25 

Francis  Midleton 12     10 

John  Miller 37     10 

Thomas  Martin 37     10 

[27]  N 

Thomas  Nicholes 62     10 

Christopher  Nicholles 62     10 

Thomas  Norton 13       6 

george  Newce 12     10 

Joseph  Newborne 20 

Christopher  Nugate 25 

the  Lord  Norrice 50 

The  Lord  North 13       6 

S^  Henry  Nevill 37     10 

Thomas  Norncot 37     10 

William  NicholeC 50 

Jonathan  Newtall 12     10 


Robtofley 112     10 

WiUia  Oxenbridge 100 

Francis  Oliver (') 

[28]  P 

The  Earle  of  Pembroke 400 

TheLPeeter 95 

LPagett 60 

S' Amias  Preston 100 

S^  Robert  Paine 25 

S^HaryPayton 25 

S^  Stephen  Powell 100 

S""  Christopher  Perkins 50 

S'  Nicholas  Parker 12 

S""  Nich :  Pewrifie 

S""  John  Pettus 

James  Parrott 

W"  Poole 

Capt  WilTm  Proud 

Ric:  Pointell 















Tho ins  Perkins 12     10 

George  Peatlie 20 

Ric  Perciuall (') 

Mihell  Fettiplaise 12     10 

Edw  Perlcins 50 

Willm  Fittiplaise 10 

George  Prettie 12     10 

RomParkhurst 75 

George  Pitt 112    [10] 

Thorns  Phillipps 12     10 


Henry  Philpott 25'J     0 

W°>  Payne 100 

Fenice  Pett 37     10 

Ric  Partridge 25 

George  Procter 25 

Miles  Palmer 12     10 

Robt  Pennyngton 25 

John  Pratt 12     10 

Adam  Perkins 25 

Edmund  Peirce 25 

W"  Powell 25 

John  Payne 12     10 

Edmund  Peashall 25 

Allen  Percie 12     10 

Henry  Price 12     10 

Thorns  Pelham 6       5 

Ric:  Piggott 25 

W"  Palmer 62     10 

John  Pawlett 12     10 


RobtPoory 25 

Peter  Peter 12     10 

Ric  Powlson 37     10 

Abram  Peirce 12     10 


Mathew  de  Questor 87     10 

W"  QuickC 62     10 

'  Blank  space  in  manuscript. 



















S^  W^Romney 

S^W"  Russell 

S''  Stephen  Riddleson,  _ . 

S'Tho.  Roe 

S''  Ro.  Riche 

Capt  John  Ratcliff 

Ric  Robbins 


Humfrey  Raymell 12 

Theodore  Roberta 37 

Henry  Robinson 

John  Russell 

Arthur  Robinson 25 

Ric :  Rogers 75 

Ric:Reynell 50 

Robert  Robinson 25 

Millisent  Ramesden 37     10 

John  Robinson 75 

Edw  Retheram 25 

Robt  Riche 12     10 

George  Robbins 62     10 

Nicholas  Raynton 25 

Henry  Rolfe 12     10 

Henry  ReynoldC 37     10 

John  Reynolds: 12     10 

EUas  Roberta 25 

W"  Roscarrocke 37     10 

S' Henry  Rainsford 37     10 

S^  Nathaniel  Rich 37     10 

[32]  S 

E  of  Salisbury 333L'     6     8 

E  of  Southampton 350'i 

EofSuffolke 133       6     8 

LSheffeild 140 

L  Stanhope 50 

L  Spencer 33       6     8 

Countcsse  of  Shrewsbury —  50 


S^Tho.  Smith 165 

S^  Edwin  Sandys 287!i    10' 

S^  Jo.  Smith 26     13 

S'' Samuel  Sandys 62     10 

S^W"  Smith 25 

grw^S'John 50 

S^  John  S' John 37     10 

S""  Stephen  Somes 25 

S^  Thomas  Stewklye 37     10 

S'' John  Same? 50 

S""  Raph  Shelton 12     10 

S^Ric.  Smith 37     10 


S'  Martin  Stutfeild 401' 

Companie  of  Stationers 125 

Companie  of  Skinners 100 

Companie  of  Salters 50 

Capt.  Jo.  Smith 9L' 

S^  Nich.  Salter 125 

John  Stokes 50 

Ric  Stapers 37     10 

Thoms  Shipton 62     10 

Rol3t  Shingleton 75 

Cleophas  Smith 87     10 

Ric:  Strongtharme 100 

Mathew  Scriuen9 100 

Hiklebrand  Spruson 59       9 

Othowell  Smith 42       6 

George  Scott 125 

W"  Sandbache 10 

Hewett  Stapers 77     10 

Mathew  Sutcliff 20 

George  Sandys 12     10 

James  Swift 25 

Ric  Stradfort 75 

Edmund  Smith 12     10 

Rol5t  Smith 25 


John  Swineho 251' 

Mathew  Springhara 25 

Ric  Smith 25 

Joseph  Sone 25 

Wiltm  Shakeley 25 

'  John  Southwicke 12     10 

4  I  Henry  Shelley 25 

George  Stone 12     10 

Hugh  Shipley 12     10 

Willra  Strachey 25 

:  Vrion  Spencer 12     10 

JohnScarff 12     10 

Thorns  Scott 50 

IwiltmSharpe 25 

jEdw:  Smith 12     10 

1  Stephn  Sparrow 75 

Thorns  Stokes 12     10 

I  Ric:  Shepheard 25 

;  Jonathan  Smith 12     10 

Henry  Spranger 12     10 

Wiltm  Stannerd 25 

Stephn  Sade 12     10 

George  Swinehow 37     10 

Thorns  Stephns 37     10 

Mathew  Shepheard 50 


JohnStokeley 50" 

Thorns  Sherwell 12     10 

Nicholas  Sherwell 12     10 

Wiltm  Seabright 12     10 

Walter  Shelley 12     10 

Robt  Smith 12     10 

Augustine  Steward 25 

Humphrey  Smith 37     10 

Thoffis  Stile 62     10 

Abram  Speckers 12     10 

Edward  Scott 25 

Francis  Smaleman 12     10 

Gregorie  Sprint 37     10 

Thoms  Slacey 25 

John  Smith 37     10 

[36]  T 

S'JohnTrever 70 

S^  Willia  Twisden 37     10 

S""  Willia  Throgmorton 50 



S^  Thomas  Tracey 37     10 

Richard  Turner 37     10 

John  Taverner 37     10 

Daniell  Tucker 31       5 

Charles  Towler 12     10 

Wiltm  Turner 25 

Lewes  Tito 25 

Robert  Thorneton 25 

WiUiam  Taylor 12     10 

Leonard  Towneson 25 

Richard  Tomlins 25 

Francis  Tate 25 

Andrew  Throughton 25 

The  Trinitie  house 150 

george  Tucker 12     10 

William  Tucker 25 

Henry  TimberUe 37'    10 

Richard  Tomlins (') 

George  Thorpe 2[5] 

[37]  V 

S'' Horatio  veere 121 

Arthur  venne 12     10 

Peter  van  Loare 112     10 

Christofer  vertew 12     10 

John  vassall 25 

Richard  venne 12     10 

Henry  vincent 37     10 

[38]  W 

L:Walden 50 

S^WiltmWade 144     10 

S' John  Woolstenholme 137     10 

S'JohnWat^ 162     10 

S^  Robert  Wroth 50 

S^  Hugh  Wirrall 25 

L:delaWare 500 

Ep  Bishop  of  Worcester 13       6     8 

S"'  Edward  Water  house 25 

S'  Richard  Willinson 25 

S' Charles  Wilmot 27     10 

S^Tho:  Wesford^ 50 

'  Blank  space  in  manuscript. 

S^  Percivall  Willobee 50 

S'"  Jo :  Wentworth 12     10 

S'' Raph  Winwood 75 

Capt :  Maria  Winkfeild 88 

Thomas  Webb 12     10 

Thomas  Wilson 37     10 

Sand^Webb 12     10 

Thomas  White 02     10 

Richard  Wiffin 12     10 

Tho:Whcatlie 87     10 

Wiltm  Wilmson 50 

Humf ry  Westwood G2     10 

Hugh  Willeston 12     10 

Francis  West 25 

EdmondWinne 62     10 

Rice  Webb 62     10 

Wiltm  Wattey 25 


Wiltm  Webster 37 

Edward  Webb 100 

James  White 25 

Jo:West 50 

Joh:  Wroth 87     10 

Katherine  West 25 

JorWrite 25 

Edward  Woller 50 

Thomas  Watson 62     10 

Thomas  Wood 25 

Thomas  Walker 25 

Jo:Westcrowe 37     10 

Edward  Welch 25 

Nathaniel  Wade 25 

Richard  Weedo  wes 25 

Felix  Wilson 25 

Dauid  Waterhouse 37     10 

Owin  Winne 50 

Randall  Wetwood 25 

george  Wilmer 25 

Edward  WilkC 25 

Leonard  White 25 

Andrew  Wilmer 25 

2  Sic. 



george  Walker 25 

Clement  Wilmer 25 

WilTmWelbie 87     10 

Francis  Whistler 25 

Tho:  Wells 25 

Tho:Wheele 12     10 

Tho:  Winne 25 


John  Whittingham 12     10 

WilUam  Willet 12     10 

Devoreux  Woogan 50 

Thomas  Wale 75 

John  Weld 37     10 

John  Willet 37     10 

Jo§h§n  Wooller 37     10 

Thomas  Ware 50 

William  Willeston 37     10 

Thomas  Watson 25 

John  Walter 37     10 

WiltmWard 37     10 

Nicholas  Wheeler 12     10 

DauidWiffiffl§n§ 12     10 

garret  Weston 12     10 

Jo:    Walter    per    S""    Ami  as 

Preston 5 

[41]  Y 

Willia  Young 12     10 

Simon  Yeoman 12     10 

S"'  george  Yardely 25 


Lo:  Zouch 60 

[Indorsed  in  the  same  hand:]  [*     *     *Y  of  Aduenturers  to  Virginia 
XLI.  Governor  Argall.     Order  Addressed  to  the  Commander  of 


February  3,  1617/18 

For  Reference,  See  No.  XXIII 
List  of  Records  No.  64 

Gov"'  orders  the  Comd''  of  Kiguotan  not  to  let  Sailors  come  ashore  or 
people  go  aboard  because  when  y^  Sailors  heard  of  a  mans  death  they 
Imbezelled  their  goods  sent  'em.  ord  "■  to  send  to  him  on  any  Ships 
arrival.  3  ffeb.     1617. 

Manuscript  torn. 

FEBRUARY  £0,  1617/18  91 

XLII.  Governor  Argall.    Commission  to  William  Cradock 

February  20,  1617/18 

For  Reference,  See  No.  XXIII 
List  of  Records  No.  65 

[92]  By  the  Admiral  &c 

To  all  to  whom  these  presents  shall  come  I  Samuel  Argall  Esq' 
Admyrall  and  for  the  Time  present  principal  Governor  of  Virginia  Send 
Greeting  in  Our  Lord  God  Everlasting.  Sithence  in  all  places  of  Warrs 
and  Garrison  Towns  it  is  most  Expedient  and  necessary  to  have  an  honest 
and  Carefull  provost  Marshall  to  whose  charge  and  Safe  Custody  all 
Delinquents  and  prisoners  of  what  Nature  or  Qualhty  soever  their  Offences 
be  are  to  be  comytted  Now  ICnow  ye  that  for  the  Honesty  Sufficiency 
and  Carefulness  in  the  Execution  and  Dischardge  of  the  Said  Office — 
which  I  conceyve  of  William  Cradock  I  do  by  these  presents  noiate  Con- 
stitute Ordam  &  appomt  the  Said  William  Cradock  to  be  provost  Marshall 
of  the  Bermuda  City  and  of  all  the  Hundred  thereto  belonging  Giving 
and  grantmg  unto  the  said  Wilham  Cradock  All  power  and  Authority  to 
Execute  all  Such  Offices  Duties  and  Comands  belonging  to  the  Said  place 
of  provost  Marshall  with  all  priviledgs  rite  and  prehemynences  thereunto 
belongmg  And  in  all  Cases  w"''  require  his  Speedy  Execution  of  his  Said 
Office  by  virtue  of  these  presents  he  shall  require  all  Captains  Officers 
Soldiers  or  any  other  Member  of  this  Colony  to  be  [93]  aiding  and  assisting 
to  him  to  appease  all  Mutinies  factious  RebelKons  and  all  other  Discords 
contrary  to  the  quiet  and  peaceable  Government  of  this  Comon-Weale  as 
they  will  Answer  the  Contrary  at  their  further  Perils 

Given  at  Bermuda  City  this  20-  of  ffebraury  in  the  15'''  year  of  the  Reign 
of  Our  Soveraigne  Lord  J^mes  by  the  Grace  of  God  King  of  England  &c 
and  of  Scotland  the  51  And  in  11""  Year  of  this  plantation  Ano  Dfii  1617 
Extract  &  recordat  per 

Jo.  Rolf 
Secretar  &  Recordat  general 
Copia  Test  R  Hickman  CI  Sec  off.^ 

•  This  document  is  attested  in  Hickman's  handwriting. 


XLIII.  Governor  Argall.    A  Letter  to  the  Virginia  Company 

March  10,  1617/18 

For  Reference,  See  No.  XXIII 
List  of  Records  No.  67 

[50]  10  Mar  1617  The  Gov^  tells  y®  Comp*  in  what  a  ruinous  condicon 
he  found  y^  Colony  by  y^  carelessness  of  y®  people  &  lawless  living  and 
how  he  has  improued  almost  euery  thing  That  the  Citizens  of  Bermuda 
hund*^  claims  y^  privileges  granted  them  w"*"  he  can't  refuse,  and  he  there- 
fore cant  force  the  artificers  there  to  follow  their  arts  to  great  pljudice 
Colony  Now  hereafter  to  be  made  free  of  y^  Colony  till  bound  to  follow 
their  trades.  Ship  Carpenters  are  controuled  to  serve  without  y^  wages 
agreed  for,  all  artificers  sent  upon  wages  he  undertakes  to  pay  here. 
Corn  dont  ans""  his  expectacon  desires  but  50  men  to  be  sent  Indians 
so  poor  cant  pay  their  debts  &  tribute  pohawtan  goes  from  place  to 
place  visiting  his  Country  taking  his  pleasure  in  good  friendship  w**"  us 
laments  his  daughters  death  but  glad  her  child  is  living  so  doth  opa- 
chank°  both  want  to  see  him  but  desires  that  he  may  be  stronger  before 
he  returns 

want  cloathes  &  tools  sent  here,  ground  will  hold  out  but  3  y"  and  cant 
clear  more  for  want  of  tools  ploughs  Set  to  work  for  wheat  barley  pease 
hemp  fflax  &c.  hath  planted  mulbery  trees,  m""  Lambert  has  found  out 
that  Tob°  cures  better  on  Ihies  than  in  heaps  and  desires  lines  be  sent, 
last  summer  a  great  mortahty  among  us,  far  greater  among  the  Indians 
and  a  morrain  amongst  the  deer,  desire  ord"  for  m'^  Wickham  &  nV 
May  cock  a  Camb.  SchoUar  and  a  person  to  read  to  m""  Wick™  (his  eyes 
being  dim)  desires  another  Gov""  to  be  sent  all  desire  The  Lord  La 
Warr  (who  is  our  Lord  Gov"")  to  return  to  his  Gov^mt  where  he'l  find  all 
things  in  good  ord''  &  psperity. 


X.  Seals  used  by  members  of  the  Virginia  Company,  found 
among  the  Ferrar  papers. 

1.  Sir  Edwin  Sandys. 
4.  George  Thorpe. 
7.  John  Rolfe. 

2.  J.  Dickenson. 
5.   Francis  Smith. 
8.   Abraham  Peirsey. 

3.  John  Rowe. 

6.  Captain  Thomas  Nuce. 

9.  Jacob  Whittaker. 



h.  Virginia  Company 

,  Seo  Nv..  XXIII 
't'ords  No.  ft7 

"  '"oir;;*  ■'•  Avhat  a  ruinous  condicon 

;)le  &  lawless  living  and 

Vie  Citizens  of  Bernmda 

't  refuse,  and  he  there- 

<^  to  great  pljudice 

'i  hound  to  follow 

'  :iges 

rso  poor  cant  pay  their  ,y^^qi-.j-j^4^1j"  3^1^.:^^^         -     ■-     ;-„  ::,;^... 

place  visiting  his  Country  tti 
laments  his  daaehtpr.s.cii'.ai} 

want  cloa^he8:&  tool?  '-ot-*  '-^ 
clear  more  for  war 
hemp  (Hr.x  .-^ .       ' 
thai   ' 

;  murrain  amongst  the  deer. 

"ock  !i.  Camb.  SchoUar  and  a 
,'   dim)     desires  another  Go'. 
•  ^  .H-  (who  is  our  Lord  Gov"")  to  i . 
thiiigs  iii  good  ord'  &  psperity. 

Y38-ii3<I  mstistdA  .8  | 

'  US 

.3Ybn£?  "'^^3:.?f^!)<Jfore 
.sqiorlT  sgioaO  > 

v'M-l  vviil  hold  out  but  3.  y"  and  cant 

work  for  wheat  barley  pease 

T^i""  Lambert  has  found  out 

.1  desu-es  lines  be  sent. 

.....ter  auiong  tlie  Indians 

de-sire  nn]''"  for  m''  Wiekham  &  m"" 

or.;.>v,     r,.     .-   .       ■  ,    r..       Wu'l  '^'    liii.:    eVCS 



MAY  18,  1618  93 

XLIV.  Governor  Argall.     Proclamations  or  Edicts 

May  10,  1618 

For  Reference,  See  No.  XXIII 
List  of  Records  No.  74 

Every  person  to  go  to  Church  Sundays  &  hoHdaies  or  lye  neck  &  heels  on 
the  Corps  du  Guard  y"  night  following  &  be  a  slave  y"  week  following 
2^  offence  a  month     3*^  a  year  &  a  day  10.  May  1618. 

XLV.   Governor  Argall.     Proci-amations  or  Edicts 

May  18,  1618 

For  Reference,  See  No.  XXIII 
List  of  Records  No.  75 

Ag'  private  Trucking  with  Savages  &  pulling  down  pallisadoes 

Ag*  teaching  Indians  to  shoot  w*''  guns  on  pain  of  death  to  learner  & 
teacher  and  how  to  hunt  deer  or  hogs  without  Gov"  leave 
to  go  armed  to  Church  &  to  work,  keep  watch  Hoggs  in  Ja.  Town    2^  time 
forfeit  to  Colony  Hoggs  to  be  ringed  at  Bermuda 

No  man  to  take  hay  to  sweat  tbeif  Tob°  because  it  robs  the  poor  beasts 
of  their  fodder  and  sweating  Tob°  does  it  little  good  as  found  by  Experience 

Every  man  to  sett  2  acres  with  corn  (Except  Tradesmen  following  their 
trades)  penalty  forfeit""  of  corn  &  Tob°  &  be  a  Slave  a  year  to  y"  Colony 

No  man  to  shoot  but  in  defence  of  himself  ag'  Enemies  till  a  new  supply 
of  ammunition  comes  on  pain  of  a  years  Slavery 

None  to  go  aboard  y  Ship  now  at  Ja.  Town  without  y''  Gov'"  leave 

No  trade  with  y^  perfidious  Savages  nor  famiharity  lest  they  discover  our 
weekness  18  May  1618 


XLVI.    Sir    Edwin    Sandys,    Henry    Timberlake,     John    Ferrar. 
Meeting  of  a  Committee  for  Smythes  Hundred 

May  18,  1618 

Ferrar  Papers 

Document  in  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge  University 

Photograph  in  Library  of  Congress.     Corrections  by  Nicholas  Ferrar  and 

address  and  notes  by  J.  Ferrar 

List  of  Records  No.  76 

At  a  Court  ef  §meeting  of  the§  Comittees  houldcn  for  Smythe's  Hundred 
in  Virg:  the  .8.  of  May  .1618.  were  jSlnte 

the  R:  worshipful!  S''  Edwin  Sandys  Knight  Trear^ 

M'  Henry  Tmiberlake. 

M""  John  Farrar. — 
At  a  generall  Courtc  §Assemblye§  held  by  the  Adventurors  of  this  Socyetye 
the  7  of  this  instant.  The  Treasuror  intreated  the  Comittees  there  present 
to  meet  the  day  following  at  3  in  the  afternoon,  there  to  consider  and  set 
doune  a  proporton  of  the  charge  to  intertain,  transport,  furnish  and  victuall 
the  35  men  agreed  uppon,  that  it  may  appeare  what  Sum  of  monye  shall 
be  assessed  uppon  every  particuler  Advenro""  according  to  the  number  of 
their  shares 

The  first  thing  offred  to  the  consideration  of  the  Trar  and  Comittees 
was  the  charge  to  intertain  and  keep  35  men  for  one  month  before  they 
shall  be  shipped. 

It  was  next  supposed  and  thought  meet  that  every  man  to  be  sent  for  this 
Devision  of  Land  should  plnte  hunselfe  weU  apparrelled,  before  the  Treaf 
and  them  to  whom  its  ordered  that  ten  shilHnges  a  persn  shall  be 
allowed  and  given  to  every  man  uppon  his  arrivall  in  Virg.  And  that 
every  man  shall  be  transported,  victualled,  furnished  w*""  apparrell  and 
all  other  implements  both  for  labor,  necessaries  of  the  [ethould]  and 
defense,  at  the  charge  of  the  Adventurors  in  such  proportion  as  hereafter 

MAT  18,  WIS 


It  was  also  propounded  to  the  consideration  of  ^feie  Couneit  §the  Com- 
mittee§  what  manne'  of  men  were  fittest  to  be  imployed  in  this  Devision. 
And  also  the  fitt  division  the  meanes '  of  said  Adventurors  to  whose  care 
the  procuring  of  the  said  men  shall  be  referred. 

And  that  the  monye  assessed  uppon  every  Member  of  this  Society  for  the 
charges  hereafter  specified,  shall  be  paid  to  the  Trea[sure]r  of  this  Hundred 
by  the  29  of  this  month  being  the  Last  of  Easters  tarme. 

The  charge  of  every  particuler  belonging  to  the  furnishing  of  35  men  agreed  on  by 

the  Comittees 

The  charge  to  kept  .35.  men  after  their  intertainment  for 

2S  dayes  at  12"  p  diem 

Their  transportation  at  5"  6°  a  man 

Scvontccn§Seayen§thousand  of  Biskett  §&  meale§  for  one 
§hftif  yeare   after  landing  at§  wholl   yea?  a*   25^  a 

hundred  is  52 — 

The  allowance  to  every  perticular  man  on  his  arrivall  in 

Virg:  at:  10^  a  man 

The  Charge  of  Lodging  35  men,  allowing  to  evy  man  after 

the  rate  as  followeth,  viz  .3  -  14  -  4  a  peese 

Three  pair  of  shooes  at  .2^  4**  a  paire 

Three  p""  of  stockinges  one  of  Sareey  and  .2  p''  of  Linnen.. 
A  Cassock  and  breeches  of  sarcy  wth  Lining  and  buttons 

of  twined  at 

A  Dublett  of  fustian  made  up 

A  Cassock  and  breeches  of  Canvas 

three  twirled  at  3^  4"^  a  peese,  and  two  banded  at  S**  a  peese.  - 

A Cappe 

poynted  garters  needle  and  thredd  for  evy  man 

Shooe  lether,  thred,  aules  pitch  rosen,  at        for  each  man.. 



17    ion 




0     0 

Probably  should 



S  =  Barrels'  2 

IS  20 

IS  J  Day 
2£  81 

Provisions  for  Lodging,  Viz:  for  a  flocke  bed  and  boul- 
ster,  '^  ~  *  a  blankett  and  Covering,  ^^  with  two  pairs 
of  tweed  for  every  two  men,  '^-^  Twenty  at  tbe  Gfea^ge 
ef  34'-  4  ftftd  ftet  fer  ettf  iaea  3f  s  x  «  x  s  for 
servis  and  *  *  §wre  for  B.  Copley  in  the  *  *  * 
*     *    S5     sssss     &to  spare     *     *     *     * 


Twenty  Musketts  .10.  with  snapphapamers,  &  10  without 

and  moulded  onto  them 

40  forty  §Twcntio§  Swordes  and  D  aggers 

Two  barrells  of  pouder  being  200  pound,  w'^''  will  allow  to 

ev''y  man  10  pounds  and  more  at  5"'  the  barrell 

Six  hun.  w*  of  lead  and  melting  pans  3 

Aqua  vite  .36.  gallons  at  4'  the  gallon 

A  gallon  of  ginger 

[Armeger]  a  book 

Six  Kettles  of  three  sizes  with  hooks 

Twenty  brest  plates  and  36  head  peeses  the  brest  plates 

valued  at  6^  a  peese,  and  the  head  peeses  at  2'-  6"^. 

amounted  unto  in  all 

Iron  .500.  w»  at  12''  p  C 

Copper  one  hundred  w*  for  the  purchase  of  the  land  and 

corn  if  need  be  Clopper]  to  be  traded 

Netts  hookes  and  Lines 

provision  of  hemp  std  flax  etc 

A  plough  w**"  all  things  belonging  to  it 

Implements  and  necessary  tools  for  labor  viz. 

For  20  pickaxes  at  3'  a  peese 

Thirty  six  shovels  and  as  many  spades 

Fower  pitt  Sawes 

Twelve  free  hand  sawes 

Fower  and  twenty  hand  sawes 

Eighteen  hewing  axes  at  2^-6'' 

Six  broad  axes  at  18^  3*^ 

Thirty  six  hatchetts  at  12^ 

Iron  hammers,  i5  at  8^  a  peese 

Six  Iron  Crow[6ars]  at  5' 

Twelve  Iron  wedges  at  2'  a  peese 

Attg     *     *     Q  popper  ftftd 

A  Mill  to  grind  them  with 



























































4?  8 
7  8 

MAY  18,  1618 












Nailes  of  all  sortes 4 

Files,  pearser  bitts,  gimletts,  clusells  &  augurs  etc 2 

Six  Sithes,  12  Sickles  and  eight 1      i..     >.  i     .-,.-,     .^     „ 

Extraordynary  expenses  for  carrage  portage  etc  and  high 

ferridge •'> 

The  Officers  wages 10 

The  totall  charge  is  657^=  9'  4'^ 

The  men  to  be  sent,  to  be 

Carpenters 4j 

Sawyers _ 2  I    ^^  ^^^^^ 

A  brick  layer  with  his  tooles 1 

Husbandmen  and  Labouring  men 28  J 

For  the  defrayinge  of  these  charges  there  is  to  be  levyed  uppon  every 
share  fifty  shillings  w''^  abateing  for  the  thirty  shares  of  the  Lo :  la  warre 
Cap.  Argall  and  Capt  Yardlye  amounteth  unto  675-  w'^'^  is  to  be  paid  into 
S'  E.  Sandys  Trea'  for  his  hands:  on  the  last  day  of  his  Eastr  tarme. 

The  names  of  such  as  by  order  of  Courte  are  intreated  to  undertake  the  providing 

of  theis  men. 

The  Earl  of  Lincoln 2  men 

S'  Samuel  Sandys  for 4  men 

The  Earl  of  Lincoln 2 

S^  W"  Throckmorton 2 

vS""  John  Danvers 2 

S''  John  Wolstenholme 2 

M'  Syruss  Johnson 4  men  [26  men. 

M"'  George  Thorpe 2 

M''  Morris  Abbott 2 

M"'  George  Wilmer 2 

M"'  Broomfield  and  M"'  Timbcrlake 4 

M"'  Gabriel  Barbor 4 

M''  John  Farrar 2  men 

Lastly  it  was  agreed,  that  as  many  of  the  Adventurors  of  this  Society  as 
be  in  Towne,  should  be  intreated  to  meet  at  the  General  assemblye 
the  .13.  of  this  instant,  halfe  an  hower  before  two  in  the  after  noon,  to 
consider  of  the  proportions  above  written  and  of  any  other  thing  w'"^  may 
tend  to  the  advansemt  of  this  Plantation 
things  wanting  2 

'  This  entire  entry  is  crossed  out. 

2  This  memorandum  was  added  by  John  Ferrar. 



Twiners  ware  &  Lan  turns 

Sea  beeds 

For  the  women  apparell  46  Duzun 

A  Mill  10  Barralls  of  Good  Whiskie 

Pepper  &  Spice  5  Barralls  of  Barly 

for  the  wall  4  Barralls  of  Grasses 

Beades  of  all  Coullers  20  Sun 

Sixty  nine  pencls  &  prchments 
Tooles  for  a  Brick  yard 
A  greate  peice  of  Bellows  and  Anville  for  a  Smith 

[Indorsed:]  8  May  1618  At  a  Court  §meeting§  of  §the§  Comittees 
houldeft  for  Smythes  Hundred 

XL VII.  Virginia  Company.     Instructions  to  George  Yeardley 

November  18,  1618 

(1)   Miscellaneous    Records,    1606-1692,    pp.    72-83.     (2)    Randolph    MSS.,    Ill, 

pp.  46-150 

Document  in  (1)  Library  of  Congress,  (2)  Virginia  Historical  Society,  Richmond,  Va. 

List  of  Records  No.  87 

The  Treasurer  and  Companie  of  Adventurers  and  Planters  of  the  City  of 
London  for  the  first  Colony  in  Virginia.  To  Captain  George  Yeardly 
Elect  Governor  of  Virginia  and  to  the  Council  of  State  there  being  or  to 
be  Greeting. 

Our  former  cares  and  Endeavours  have  been  chiefly  bent  to  the  procuring 
and  sending  people  to  plant  in  Virginia  so  to  prepare  a  way  and  to  lay  a 
foundation  whereon  A  flourishing  State  might  in  process  of  time  by  the 
blessing  of  Almighty  God  be  raised.  Now  our  trust  being  that  under  the 
Govermnent  of  you  Captain  Yeardly  with  the  advice  and  Assistance  of  the 
said  Council  of  State  such  public  provisions  of  Corn  and  Cattle  will  again 
be  raised  as  may  draw  on  those  Multitudes  who  in  great  Abundance  from 
diverse  parts  of  the  Realm  were  preparing  to  remove  thither  if  by  the  late 
decay  of  the  said  public  Store  their  hopes  had  not  been  made  frustrate  and 
their  minds  thereby  clene  discouraged  We  have  thought  good  to  bend  our 
present  cares  and  Consultations  according  to  the  Authority  granted  unto 
us  from  his  Majesty  under  his  great  Seal  to  the  setUng  there  of  A  laudable 

NOVEMBER  18,  1618  99 

form  of  Government  by  Majestracy  and  just  Laws  for  the  happy  guiding 
and  governing  of  the  people  there  inhabiting  Hke  as  we  have  already  done 
for  the  well  ordering  of  our  Courts  here  and  of  our  Officers  and  accions  for 
the  behoof  of  that  plantation  And  because  our  intent  is  to  Ease  all  the 
Inhabitants  of  Virginia  forever  of  all  taxes  and  public  burthens  as  much  as 
may  be  and  to  take  away  all  occasion  of  oppression  and  corruption  we  have 
thought  fit  to  begin  (according  to  the  laudable  Example  of  the  most  famous 
Common  Wealthes  both  past  and  present)  to  alot  and  lay  out  A  Convenient 
portion  of  public  lands  for  the  maintenance  and  support  as  well  of  Magis- 
tracy and  officers  as  of  other  public  charges  both  here  and  there  from  time 
to  time  arising  We  therefore  the  said  treasurer  and  Company  upon  a 
solemn  treaty  and  resolution  and  with  the  advice  consent  and  assent  of 
his  Majesties  Council  here  of  Virginia  being  Assembled  in  A  great  and 
general  Court  of  the  Council  and  Company  of  Adventurers  for  Virginia 
require  you  the  said  Governor  and  Council  of  Estate  to  put  in  Execution 
with  all  convenient  Speed  a  former  order  of  Our  Courts  (which  had  been 
commended  also  to  Captain  Argal  at  his  making  Deputy  Governor)  foi 
the  laying  and  seting  out  by  bounds  and  metes  of  three  thousand  Acres 
of  land  in  the  best  and  most  convenient  place  of  the  territory  of  James 
town  in  Virginia  and  next  adjoining  to  the  said  town  to  be  the  seat  and  land 
of  the  Governor  of  Virginia  for  the  time  being  and  his  Successors  and  to  be 
called  by  the  name  of  the  Governors  Land  which  Governors  Land  shall 
be  of  the  freed  grounds  by  the  common  labor  of  the  people  sent  thither  at 
the  Companies  Charges  And  of  the  Lands  formerly  conquer'd  or  purchased 
of  the  Paspeheies  and  of  other  grounds  next  adjoining  In  like  sort  we 
require  you  to  set  and  lay  out  by  bounds  and  Metes  other  three  thousand 
Acres  of  good  land  within  the  territory  of  James  town  which  shall  be  con- 
venient and  in  such  place  or  places  as  in  your  discretions  you  shall  find 
meet  which  latter  three  thousand  Acres  shall  be  and  so  called  the  Com- 
panies Land  And  we  require  you  Captain  Yeardley  that  immediately 
upon  your  arrival  you  take  unto  you  the  Guard  assigned  to  Captain  Argal 
at  his  going  Deputy  Governor  or  sithence  by  him  assumed  to  be  of  your 
guard  [for  the  better  defence]  of  your  Government  and  that  as  well  the  said 
guard  as  also  fifty  other  persons  now  sent  and  transported  with  you  you 
place  as  tennants  on  the  said  Governors  land  and  that  all  other  persons 
heretofore  transported  at  the  Common  Charge  of  the  Company  since  the 
coming  away  of  S-  Thomas  Dale  Knight  late  Deputy  Governor  be  placed 


as  Tennants  on  the  said  Companies  Lands  And  we  will  and  ordain  that 
all  the  said  Tennants  on  the  Governors  and  Companies  Lands  shall  occupy 
the  same  to  the  half  part  of  the  profits  of  the  said  Lands  so  as  the  one  half 
to  be  and  belong  to  the  said  Tennants  themselves  and  the  other  half 
respectively  to  the  said  Governor  and  to  us  the  said  Treasurer  and  Com- 
pany and  our  Successors  And  we  further  will  and  ordain  that  of  the  half 
profits  arising  out  of  the  said  Companies  Lands  and  belonging  to  us  the 
said  Treasurer  and  Company  the  one  Moiety  be  imploied  for  the  Enter- 
tainment of  the  said  Councel  of  Estate  there  residing  and  of  other  public 
officers  of  the  general  Colony  and  plantation  (besides  the  Governor)  accord- 
ing to  the  proportion  as  hereafter  we  shall  Express  and  in  the  mean  time 
as  you  in  your  discretions  shall  think  meet  And  the  other  moiety  be 
carefully  gathered  kept  and  ship'd  for  England  for  the  public  use  of  us 
the  said  Treasurer  and  Company  and  our  Successors  And  we  will  and 
ordain  that  out  of  the  half  profits  of  the  said  Companies  Lands  to  us  belong- 
ing one  fifth  part  be  deducted  and  alotted  for  the  Wages  of  the  Bailiffs 
and  other  Officers  which  shall  have  the  oversight  and  Government  of  the 
said  Tenants  and  Lands  and  the  dividing  gathering  keeping  or  shiping  of 
the  particular  moiety  of  the  profits  belonging  Either  to  the  said  Council 
and  Officer  there  or  to  us  the  said  treasurer  and  Company  and  our  Succes- 
sors as  aforesaid  Provided  alwaies  that  out  of  the  said  Companies  Land 
A  Sufficient  part  be  exempted  and  reserved  for  the  securing  and  Wintering 
of  all  sorts  of  Cattle  which  are  or  shall  be  the  public  Stock  and  Store  of 
the  said  Company  And  forasmuch  as  our  intent  is  to  Establish  one  Equal 
[blank  of  several  lines]  Plantations,  whereof  we  shall  speak  afterwards,  be 
reduced  into  four  Cities  or  Burroughs  Namely  the  cheif  City  called  James 
town  Charles  City  Henrico  and  the  Burrough  of  Kiccowtan  And  that  in 
all  these  foresaid  Cities  or  Burroughs  the  ancient  Adventurers  and  Planters 
which  [were]  transported  thither  with  intent  to  inhabit  at  their  own  costs 
and  charges  before  the  coming  away  of  S''  Thomas  Dale  Knight  and  have  so 
continued  during  the  space  of  three  years  shall  have  upon  a  first  division 
to  be  afterward  by  us  augmented  one  hundred  Acres  of  land  for  their 
personal  Adventure  and  as  much  for  every  single  share  of  twelve  pound 
ten  ShilHngs  paid  [for  such  share]  allotted  and  set  out  to  be  held  by  them 
their  heirs  and  assigns  forever  And  that  for  all  such  Planters  as  were 
brought  thither  at  the  Companies  Charge  to  inhabit  there  before  the  com- 
ing away  of  the  said  S""  Thomas  Dale  after  the  time  of  their  Service  to  the 

NOVEMBER  18,  1618  101 

Company  on  the  common  Land  agreed  shall  be  expired  there  be  set  out 
One  hundred  Acres  of  Land  for  each  of  their  personal  Adventurers  to  be 
held  by  them  their  heirs  and  Assigns  for  ever,  paying  for  every  fifty  Acres 
the  yearly  free  Rent  of  one  Shilling  to  the  said  treasurer  and  Company 
and  their  Successors  at  one  Entire  payment  on  the  feast  day  of  S*  Michael 
the  archangel  for  ever  And  in  regard  that  by  the  singular  industry  and 
virtue  of  the  said  S""  Thomas  Dale  the  former  difficulties  and  dangers  were 
in  greatest  part  overcome  to  the  great  ease  and  security  of  such  as  have 
been  since  that  time  transported  thither  We  do  therefore  hereby  ordain 
that  all  such  persons  as  sithcnce  the  coming  away  of  the  said  S'  Thomas 
Dale  have  at  their  own  charges  been  transported  thither  to  inhabit  and  so 
continued  as  aforesaid  there  be  allotted  and  set  out  upon  a  first  division 
fifty  acres  of  land  to  them  and  their  heirs  for  ever  for  their  personal 
Adventure  paying  a  free  rent  of  one  Shilling  yearly  in  manner  aforesaid 
And  that  all  persons  which  since  the  going  away  of  the  said  S''  Thomas  Dale 
have  been  transported  thither  at  the  Companies  charges  or  which  here- 
after shall  be  so  transported  be  placed  as  tenants  on  the  Companies  lands 
for  term  of  seven  years  occupy  the  same  to  the  half  part  of  the  profits  as  is 
abovesaid  We  therefore  will  and  ordain  that  other  three  thousand  Acres 
of  Land  be  set  out  in  the  fields  and  territory  of  Charles  City  and  other 
three  thousand  Acres  of  Land  in  the  fields  and  territories  of  Henrico  And 
other  three  thousand  Acres  of  land  in  the  fields  and  territory  of  Iviccowtan 
all  which  to  be  and  be  called  the  Companies  lands  and  to  be  occupied  by 
the  Companies  Tenants  for  half  profits  as  afore  said  And  that  the  profits 
belonging  to  the  Company  be  disposed  by  their  several  moieties  in  the  same 
manner  as  before  set  down  touching  the  Companies  lands  in  the  territory 
of  James  town  with  like  allowance  to  the  Bailies  and  reservation  of  ground 
for  the  common  Store  of  Cattle  in  those  several  places  as  is  there  set  down 
And  our  will  is  that  such  of  the  Companies  tenants  as  already  inhabite  in 
those  several  Cities  or  Burroughs  be  not  removed  to  any  other  City  or 
Burrough  but  placed  on  the  Companies  Lands  belonging  to  those  Cities  or 
Burroughs  where  they  now  inhabite  Provided  alwaies  that  if  any  private 
person  without  fraud  or  injurious  intent  to  the  public  at  his  own  charges 
have  freed  any  of  the  said  Lands  formerly  appointed  to  the  Governor  he 
may  continue  and  inhabite  there  till  a  valuable  recompence  be  made  him 
for  his  said  Charges  And  we  do  hereby  ordain  that  the  Governors  house 
in  James  town  first  built  by  S""  Thomas  Gates  Knight  at  the  charges  and 


by  the  Servants  of  the  Company  and  since  enlarged  by  others  by  the  very 
same  means  be  and  continue  for  ever  the  Governors  house  any  pretended 
undue  Grant  made  by  misinformation  and  not  in  a  general  and  quarter 
Court  to  the  contrary  in  anywise  notwithstanding  And  to  the  intent  that 
godly  learned  and  painful  Ministers  may  be  placed  there  for  the  service  of 
Almighty  God  &  for  the  spiritual  benefit  and  comfort  of  the  people  We 
further  will  and  ordain  that  in  every  of  those  Cities  or  Burroughs  the  several 
quantity  of  one  hundred  Acres  of  Land  be  set  out  in  quality  of  Glebe  land 
toward  the  maintenance  of  the  several  Ministers  of  the  parishes  to  be  there 
limited  and  for  a  further  supply  of  their  maintenance  there  be  raised  a 
yearly  standing  and  certain  contribution  out  of  the  profits  growing  or 
renuing  within  the  several  farmes  of  the  said  parish  and  so  as  to  make  the 
living  of  every  Minister  two  hundred  pounds  Sterling  p  annum  or  more  as 
hereafter  there  shall  be  cause  And  for  a  further  Ease  to  the  Inhabitants 
of  all  taxes  and  Contributions  for  the  Support  and  Entertainment  of  the 
particular  magistrates  and  Officers  and  of  other  charges  to  the  said  Citys 
and  Burroughs  respectively  belonging  We  likemse  will  and  ordain  that 
within  the  precincts  or  territories  of  the  said  Cities  and  Burroughs  shall 
be  set  out  and  alotted  the  several  Quantities  of  fifteen  hundred  Acres  of 
Land  to  be  the  common  Land  of  the  said  Citie  Or  Burrough  for  the  uses 
aforesaid  and  to  be  known  and  called  by  the  name  of  the  Cities  Or  Bur- 
roughs Land  And  Whereas  by  a  special  Grant  and  licence  from  his  Majesty 
a  general  Contribution  over  this  Realm  hath  been  made  for  the  building 
and  planting  of  a  college  for  the  training  up  of  the  Children  of  those  Infidels 
in  true  Rehgion  moral  virtue  and  Civility  and  for  other  godly  uses  We  do 
therefore  according  to  a  former  Grant  and  order  hereby  ratifie  confirm  and 
ordain  that  a  convenient  place  be  chosen  and  set  out  for  the  planting  of  a 
University  at  the  said  Henrico  in  time  to  come  and  that  in  the  mean  time 
preparation  be  there  made  for  the  building  of  the  said  College  for  the 
Children  of  the  Infidels  according  to  such  Instructions  as  we  shall  deliver 
And  we  will  and  ordain  that  ten  thousand  acres  partly  of  the  Lands  they 
impaled  and  partly  of  other  Land  within  the  territory  of  the  said  Henrico 
be  alotted  and  set  out  for  the  endowing  of  the  said  University  and  College 
with  convenient  possessions  Whereas  also  we  have  heretofore  by  order 
of  Court  in  consideration  of  the  long  good  and  faithful  Service  done  by 
you  Captain  George  Yeardley  in  our  said  Colony  and  plantation  of  Vir- 

NOVEMBER  18,  1618  103 

ginia  and  in  reward  thereof  as  also  in  regard  of  two  single  shares  in  money 
paid  into  our  treasury  granted  unto  you  the  said  Captain  Yeardley  all 
that  parcel  of  Marsh  ground  called  Weynock  and  also  one  other  peice  and 
parcel  of  Land  adjoining  to  the  same  Marsh  called  by  the  Natives  Konwan 
one  parcel  whereof  abutteth  upon  a  Creek  there  called  Mapscock  towards 
the  East  and  the  other  parcel  thereof  towards  a  creek  there  called  Queens 
Creek  on  the  West  and  extendeth  in  breadth  to  landward  from  the  head 
of  the  said  Creek  called  Mapscock  up  to  the  head  of  the  said  Creek  called 
Queens  Creek  (which  creek  called  Queens  Creek  is  opposite  to  that  point 
there  which  is  now  called  the  Tobacco  point  and  abutteth  south  upon  the 
River  and  North  to  the  Landward)  all  which  several  Lands  are  or  shall  be 
henceforward  accounted  to  be  lying  within  the  territory  of  the  said  Charles 
City  and  exceed  not  the  quantity  of  two  thousand  and  two  hundred  acres 
We  therefore  the  said  Treasurer  and  Company  do  hereby  again  grant  ratifie 
and  Confirm  unto  you  the  said  Captain  George  Yeardley  the  said  several 
Grounds  and  Lands  to  have  and  to  hold  the  said  Grounds  and  Lands  to 
you  the  said  Captain  George  Yeardley  your  heirs  and  Assigns  for  Ever 
And  for  the  better  Encouragement  of  all  sorts  of  necessary  and  laudable 
trades  to  be  set  up  and  exercised  within  the  said  four  Cities  or  Burroughs 
We  do  hereby  ordain  that  if  any  artizans  or  tradesmen  shall  be  desirous 
rather  to  follow  his  particular  Art  or  trade  then  to  be  imploied  in  husbandry 
or  other  rural  business  It  shall  be  lawful  for  you  the  said  Governor  and 
Councel  to  alot  and  set  out  within  any  of  the  precincts  aforesaid  One  dwell- 
ing house  with  four  Acres  of  Land  adjoining  and  held  in  fee  simple  to  every 
said  tradsman  his  heirs  and  Assigns  for  ever  upon  condition  that  the 
said  tradesman  his  heirs  and  Assigns  do  continue  and  exercise  his  trade  in 
the  said  house  paying  only  a  free  rent  of  four  pence  by  the  year  to  us  the 
said  Treasurer  and  Company  and  our  Successors  at  the  feast  of  S"^  Michael 
the  Archangel  for  ever  And  touching  all  other  particular  Plantations  set 
out  or  like  to  be  set  out  in  convenient  Multitudes  either  by  divers  of  the 
ancient  Adventurers  Associating  themselves  together  (as  the  Society  of 
Smiths  hundred  and  Martins  hundred)  or  by  some  ancient  Adventurer  or 
Planter  associating  others  unto  him  (as  the  plantation  of  Captain  Samuel 
Argall  and  Captain  John  Martin  and  that  by  the  late  Lord  La  warre 
advanced)  or  by  some  new  Adventurers  joining  themselves  under  one  head 
(as  the  plantation  of  Christopher  Lawne  Gentleman  and  others  now  in 


providing)  Our  Intent  being  according  to  the  Rules  of  Justice  and  good 
government  to  alot  unto  every  one  his  due  yet  so  as  neither  to  breed  Dis- 
turbance to  the  Right  of  others  nor  to  interrupt  the  good  form  of  Govern- 
ment intended  for  the  benefit  of  the  people  and  strength  of  the  Colony 
We  do  therefore  will  and  ordain  that  of  the  said  particular  plantations 
none  be  placed  within  five  Miles  of  the  said  former  Cities  and  Boroughs 
And  that  if  any  man  out  of  his  own  presumption  or  pleasure  without  special 
direction  from  us  hath  heretofore  done  otherwise  a  convenient  time  be 
Assigned  him  and  then  by  your  Discretions  to  remove  to  Some  farther 
place  by  themselves  to  be  chosen  with  the  Allowance  and  Assent  of  the 
Governor  for  the  time  being  and  the  Council  of  Estate  And  that  the 
Inhabitants  of  the  said  City  or  Burrough  too  near  unto  which  he  or  they 
were  placed  make  him  and  them  a  valuable  recompense  for  their  Charges 
and  expence  of  time  in  freeing  of  Grounds  and  building  within  those  pre- 
cincts In  like  sort  we  ordain  that  no  latter  particular  plantation  shall  at 
any  time  hereafter  be  seated  within  ten  Miles  of  a  former  We  also  will 
and  ordain  that  no  particular  plantation  be  or  shall  be  placed  stragUngly 
in  divers  places  to  the  weakening  of  them  but  be  united  together  in  one 
seat  and  territory  that  so  also  they  may  be  incorporated  by  us  into  one 
body  corporate  and  five  under  Equal  and  like  Law  and  orders  with  the 
rest  of  the  Colony  We  will  and  ordain  also  for  the  preventing  of  all 
fraud  in  abusing  of  our  grants  contrary  to  the  intent  and  just  meaning 
of  them  That  all  such  person  or  persons  as  have  procured  or  hereafter 
shall  procure  grants  from  us  in  general  Words  unto  themselves  and  their 
Associates  or  to  like  Effect  shall  within  one  year  after  the  date  hereof 
dehver  up  to  us  in  writing  under  their  hands  and  seals  as  also  unto  you  the 
said  Governor  and  Councel  what  be  or  were  the  names  of  those  their  first 
Associates  And  if  they  be  of  the  Adventurers  of  us  the  Company  which 
have  paid  into  our  treasury  money  for  their  shares  that  then  they  express 
in  that  their  writing  for  how  many  shares  they  join  in  the  said  particular 
Plantation  to  the  End  a  Due  proportion  of  Land  may  be  set  out  unto  them 
and  we  the  said  Treasurer  and  Company  be  not  defrauded  of  Our  due 
And  if  they  be  not  of  the  Adventurers  of  the  Company  which  have  paid 
into  our  treasury  money  for  their  shares  yet  are  gone  to  inhabit  there  and 
so  continue  for  three  years  there  be  allotted  and  set  out  fifty  Acres  of 
Land  for  every  such  person  paying  a  free  rent  of  twelve  pence  the  year  in 

NOVEMBER  18,  1618  105 

manner  aforesaid  and  All  such  persons  having  been  planted  there  since  the 
coming  away  of  S'  Thomas  Dale  And  forasmuch  as  we  understand  that 
certain  persons  having  procured  such  Grants  in  general  Words  to  them- 
selves and  their  Associates  or  to  like  Effect  have  corruptly  of  late  endeav- 
oured for  gain  and  Worse  respects  to  draw  many  of  the  ancient  Planters 
of  the  said  four  Cities  or  Burroughs  to  take  grants  also  of  them  and  thereby 
to  become  associated  unto  them  with  intent  also  by  Such  means  to  over- 
strengthen  their  party  And  thereupon  have  adventured  on  divers  Enor- 
mous Courses  tending  to  the  great  hurt  and  hindrance  of  the  Colony  Yea 
and  have  also  made  Grants  of  like  Association  to  Masters  of  Ships  and 
Mariners  never  intending  there  to  inhabit,  thereby  to  defraud  his  Majesty 
of  the  Customs  due  unto  him  We  to  remedy  and  prevent  such  unlawful 
and  greedy  Courses  tending  also  directly  to  faction  and  sedition  Do  hereby 
ordain  that  it  shall  not  be  lawful  for  the  Grantees  of  such  Grants  to  asso- 
ciate to  any  other  unto  them  then  such  as  were  their  Associates  from  the 
first  time  of  the  said  grants  without  express  licence  of  us  the  s''  Treasurer 
and  Company  in  a  great  General  and  Quarter  Court  under  our  seal  ob- 
tained And  that  all  such  after  or  under  Grants  of  Association  made  or 
to  be  made  by  the  said  Grantees  shall  be  to  all  intents  and  purposes  utterly 
void  And  for  as  much  as  w^e  understand  that  divers  particular  persons 
(not  members  of  our  Company)  with  their  Companies  have  provided  or 
are  in  providing  to  remove  into  Virginia  with  intent  (as  appeareth)  by 
way  of  Association  to  shroud  themselves  under  the  General  Grants  last 
aforesaid  which  may  tend  to  the  Great  disorder  of  our  Colony  and  hinder- 
ance  of  the  good  Governn.ient  which  we  desire  to  Establish  We  do  there- 
fore hereby  ordain  that  all  such  persons  as  of  their  own  Voluntary  Will 
and  authority  shall  remove  into  Virginia  without  any  Grant  from  us  in  a 
great  general  and  Quarter  Court  in  writing  under  our  seal  shall  be  deemed 
(as  they  are)  to  be  occupiers  of  our  Land  that  is  to  say  of  the  Common 
Lands  of  us  the  said  Treasurer  and  Company  And  shall  yearly  pay  unto 
us  for  the  said  occupying  of  our  Land  one  full  fourth  part  of  the  profits 
thereof  till  such  time  as  the  same  shall  be  granted  unto  them  by  us  in 
manner  aforesaid  And  touching  all  such  as  being  Members  of  our  Com- 
pany and  Adventurers  by  their  monies  paid  into  our  Treasury  shall  either 
in  their  own  person  or  by  their  agents  Tennants  or  Servants  set  up  in 
Virginia  any  such  particular  Plantation  tho  with  the  privity  of  us  the 


said  Treasurer  and  Company  yet  without  any  grant  in  Writing  made  in 
our  said  General  Quarter  Courts  as  is  requisite  We  will  and  ordain  that 
the  said  Adventurers  or  Planters  shall  within  two  year  after  the  arrival  of 
them  or  their  Company  in  Virginia  procure  our  grant  in  writing  to  be 
made,  in  Our  General  Quarter  Court  and  under  our  seal,  of  the  Lands  by 
them  possessed  or  occupied  or  from  thenceforth  shall  be  deemed  only 
Occupiers  of  the  Common  Land  As  is  aforesaid  till  such  times  as  our 
said  grant  shall  be  obtained  We  also  not  more  intending  the  reformation 
of  the  Errors  of  the  said  ^  than  for  advancing  of  them  into  good 

Courses  and  therein  to  assist  them  by  all  good  means  We  further  hereby 
ordain  that  to  all  such  of  the  said  particular  ^  as  shall  truly  fully 

observe  the  orders  Afore  and  hereafter  specified  there  be  alotted  and  set 
out  over  and  above  Our  former  Grants  One  hundred  Acres  of  glebe  land 
for  the  Minister  of  every  ^  and  fifteen  hundred  Acres  of  Burough 

Land  for  the  pubUc  use  of  the  said  Plantation  Not  intending  yet  hereby 
either  to  abridge  or  enlarge  such  grant  of  glebe  or  common  Land  as  shall 
be  made  in  any  of  our  grants  in  writing  to  any  of  the  said  particular  planta- 
tions We  also  will  and  ordain  that  the  hke  proportion  of  maintenance  out 
of  the  ^  and  profits  of  the  Earth  be  made  for  the  several  Ministers 

of  the  said  particular  Plantations  as  have  been  before  set  down  for  the 
Ministers  of  the  said  former  Cities  and  burroughs  We  will  and  ordain 
that  the  Governor  for  the  time  being  and  the  said  Council  of  Estate  do 
justly  perform  or  cause  to  be  performed  all  such  grants  Covenants  and 
Articles  as  have  or  shall  be  in  writing  in  Our  great  and  general  Quarter 
Courts  to  any  of  the  said  particular  Plantations  Declaring  all  other  grants 
of  Lands  in  Virginia  not  made  in  one  of  our  great  and  general  Quarter 
Courts  by  force  of  his  Majesties  Letters  patents  to  be  void  And  to  the 
End  aforesaid  we  will  and  ordain  that  all  our  grants  in  writing  under  our 
seal  made  in  our  great  and  general  Quarter  Courts  be  Entered  into  your 
records  to  be  kept  there  in  Virginia  Yet  directly  forbiding  that  a  Charter 
of  Land  granted  to  Captain  Samuel  Argal  and  his  Associates  bearmg  date 
the  twentieth  of  March  1616  be  entered  in  your  Records  or  otherwise  at 
all  respected  forasmuch  as  the  same  was  obtained  by  sHght  and  cunning 
And  afterwards  upon  suffering  him  to  go  Governor  of  Virginia  was  by  his 
own  voluntary  act  left  in  our  Custody  to  be  cancelled  upon  Grant  of  a  new 

1  Blank  spaces. 

NOVEMBER  18,  1618  107 

Charter  which  ^  We  do  also  hereby  declare  that  heretofore  in  one 

of  our  said  general  and  Quarter  Courts  we  have  ordained  and  enacted  and 
in  this  present  Court  have  ratified  and  Confirmed  these  orders  and  laws 
following.  That  all  Grants  of  Lands  privileges  and  Hberties  in  Virginia 
hereafter  to  be  made  be  passed  by  Indenture  A  Counterpart  whereof  to 
be  sealed  by  the  Grantees  and  to  be  kept  ^  the  Companies 

Evidences  And  that  the  Secretary  of  the  Company  have  the  Engrossing 
of  all  such  Indentures  That  no  patents  or  Indentures  of  Grants  of  Land 
in  Virginia  be  made  and  sealed  but  in  a  full  General  and  Quarter  Court 
the  same  having  been  first  thoroughly  perused  and  Approved  under  the 
hands  of  A  Select  Committee  for  that  purpose  ^  That  all  Grants 

of  ^  in  Virginia  to  such  Adventurers  as  have  heretofore  brought  in 

their  money  here  to  the  treasury  for  their  several  shares  being  of  twelve 
pounds  ten  shillings  the  share  be  of  one  hundred  Acres  the  share  upon  the 
first  division  and  of  as  many  more  upon  A  Second  Division  when  the  land 
of  the  first  division  shall  be  Sufficiently  peopled  And  for  Every  person 
which  they  shall  transport  thither  within  seven  years  after  Midsummer 
Day  One  thousand  six  hundred  and  Eighteen  if  he  continue  there  three 
years  or  dye  in  the  mean  tune  after  he  is  Shiped  it  be  of  fifty  Acres  the 
person  upon  the  first  Division  and  fifty  more  upon  a  second  Division  the 
land  of  the  first  being  Sufficiently  peopled  without  paying  any  rent  to  the 
Company  for  the  one  or  the  Other  And  that  in  all  such  Grants  the  names 
of  the  said  Adventurers  and  the  several  Number  of  Each  of  their  Shares  be 
Expressed  Provided  alwaies  and  it  is  ordained  that  if  the  said  Adventurers 
or  any  of  them  do  not  truly  and  Effectually  within  One  Year  next  after 
the  Sealing  of  the  said  Grant  pay  and  discharge  all  such  Sums  of  money 
wherein  by  subscription  (or  otherwise  upon  notice  thereof  given  from  the 
Auditors)  they  stand  indebted  to  the  Company  or  if  the  said  Adventurers 
or  any  of  them  having  not  lawful  Right  either  by  purchase  from  the  Com- 
pany or  by  Assignment  from  some  other  former  Adventurers  within  one 
year  after  the  said  Grant  or  by  Special  Gift  of  the  Company  upon  merit 
preceding  in  A  full  Quarter  Court  to  so  many  shares  as  he  or  they  pretend 
Do  not  within  one  year  after  the  said  Grant  satisfie  and  pay  to  the  said 
Treasurer  and  Company  for  every  share  so  wanting  after  the  rate  of  twelve 
pounds  ten  shillings  the  share  That  then  the  said  Grant  for  so  much  as 

'  Blank  space. 


concerneth  the  ^  part  and  all  the  shares  of  the  said  person  so 

behind  and  not  satisfying  as  aforesaid  shall  be  utterly  void  Provided  also 
and  it  is  ordained  that  the  Grantees  shall  from  time  to  time  during  the  said 
seven  years  make  a  true  Certificate  to  the  said  Treasurer  Councel  and 
Company  from  the  Chief  Officer  or  Officers  of  the  places  respectively  of 
the  Number  names  ages  sex  trades  and  conditions  of  every  such  person 
so  transported  or  shiped  to  be  entered  by  the  Secretary  into  a  Register 
book  for  that  purpose  to  be  made  That  for  all  persons  not  comprised  in 
the  order  next  before  which  during  the  next  seven  years  after  Midsummer 
day  1618  shall  go  into  Virginia  with  intent  there  to  Inhabite  If  they  con- 
tinue there  three  years  or  dye  after  they  are  shiped  there  shall  be  a  grant 
made  of  fifty  acres  for  every  person  upon  A  first  division  and  as  many 
more  upon  a  second  division  (the  first  being  peopled)  which  grants  to  be 
made  respectively  to  such  persons  and  their  heirs  at  whose  charges  the 
said  persons  going  to  Inhabite  in  Virginia  shall  be  transported  with  reserva- 
tion of  twelve  pence  yearly  Rent  for  every  fifty  acres  to  be  answered  to 
the  said  treasurer  and  Company  and  their  Successors  for  ever  after  the 
first  seven  years  of  every  such  Grant  In  which  Grants  a  provisoe  to  be 
inserted  that  the  Grantees  shall  from  tune  to  time  during  the  said  Seven 
years  make  A  true  Certificate  to  the  said  Treasurer  Councel  and  Company 
from  the  Chief  Officer  or  Officers  of  places  Respectively  of  the  Number 
names  ages  sex  trades  and  Conditions  of  every  such  person  so  transported 
or  shiped  to  be  entred  by  the  Secretary  into  a  Register  book  for  that 
purpose  to  be  made  that  all  Grants  as  well  of  one  sort  as  the  other  respec- 
tively be  made  with  equal  favours  and  grants  of  like  Liberties  and  immuni- 
ties as  near  as  may  be  to  the  End  that  all  Complaint  of  partiality  [or] 
differencie  may  be  prevented  All  which  said  orders  we  hereby  will  and 
ordain  to  be  firmly  and  unviolably  kept  and  observed  And  that  the  Inhabit- 
ants of  Virginia  have  notice  of  them  for  their  use  and  benefit  Lastly  we 
do  hereby  require  and  Authorize  you  the  said  Captain  George  Yeardley 
and  the  said  Council  of  Etats  Associatmg  with  you  such  other  as  you  shall 
there  find  meet  to  Survey  or  cause  to  be  Survey'd  all  the  Lands  and  terri- 
tories in  Virginia  above  mentioned  and  the  same  to  set  out  by  bounds  and 
metes  especially  so  as  that  the  territories  of  the  said  Several  Cities  and 
Buroughs  and  other  particular  plantations  may  be  conveniently  divided 

'  Blank  space. 

1619  109 

and  known  the  one  from  the  other  Each  survey  to  be  set  down  distinctly 
in  writing  and  returned  to  us  under  your  hands  and  seals  In  Witness 
whereof  we  have  hereunto  set  our  Common  Seal  Given  in  a  great  and 
general  Court  of  the  Council  and  Company  of  Adventurers  of  Virginia 
held  the  Eighteenth  Day  of  November  1618  And  in  the  years  of  the  Reign 
of  Our  Soverain  Lord  James  by  the  grace  of  God  King  of  England  Scot- 
land France  and  Ireland  Defender  of  the  Faith  &c  Vizt  of  England  France 
and  Ireland  the  Sixteenth  and  of  Scotland  the  two  and  fiftieth. 

Nov^  18.  1618. 

XLVIII.  Ferdinando  Yate.     "The  Voyage  *  *  *  to  Verginia  1619" 


Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  13 
Document  in  the  New  York  PubHc  Library 

Autograph  Document  ' 

List  of  Records  No.  91 
I  §was§  wished  by  m""  Georg  thorpe  to  take  a  note  of  everie  dales  travil 
vponthe  seas;  which  I  haue  performe  in  a  true  Collection  althouge  not  in 
so  good  form  as  I  could  §wish§  it  were  therfor  I  hope  you  will  exceept  §of  it§ 
as  it  is ;  not  looking  for  anie  greater  mater  in  soe  mean  a  scoUer  the  seas 
wer  trublsum  and  manie  occation  at  sea  hapeneth  to  hinder  a  man  from 
his  studie  and  now  wee  are  ashore  wee  haue  worke  enuf  to  follow  our 
daiely  husbandtrie  sum  to  clering  ground  for  cor§ne§  and  toback  sum  to 
building  housses  sum  to  plant  vines  and  mulberie  trees  and  all  these  must 
be  seen  vnto  otherwise  they  will  not  follow  their  busines  therfor  I  hope 
§you  will  consider§  of  vs  in  whom  the  charge  §doth§  light  vpon 
A  short  noote  of  o''  time  spent  at  sea  and  the  varietie  and  change  of  wind 
and  wether  and  the  extremities  that  seamen  endure  and  the  mercies  of 
allmighttie  god  to  support  them  in  all  disstreses 

To  worshipfuU  gentlemen  of  glouc^  Georg  Thorp  of  wanswell  essquier 
and  John  smith  of  nibly  essquier  wishing  you  all  maner  of  psperitie  and 
espesially  in  this  honorable  attempt  of  planting  in  this  cuntrie  which  I 

'  The  voyage  was  probably  in  September,  and  the  account  written  in  January. 


make  noe  doubt  with  gode  assistance,  wilbe  a  benifit  to  you'  selves  and 
posterie;   a  good  to  the  common  welth  of  eingland;  and  in  time,  a  meanes 
to  convert  these  poore  faithles  Indeans 
you""  poore  servant  to  his  poner 

ffard:  Yate 

The.  16.  day  of  September  anno  dom  .1619.  this  .16.  day  by  the  assistance 
of  the  alhnigtie  god  ou''  Captaine  Cap*  John  woodlefe  being  sett  foorth  by 
the  worthy  and  worshipfull  gentlemen  of  Glou^  S""  william  Throgmarton 
knight  and  barannet  Richard  barkeley  Essquier  Gorge  thorpe  Essquier 
John  smith  Essquier  and  o''  Cap'  Essquier  and  partner  Avith  those  gentle 
men  this  day  abouementioned  at  .8.  of  the  clocke  orther  aboute  we  sett 
§saile§  in  kingrod  in  a  barke  of  bristow  caled  the  margrett  the  winde  being 
southwarly  we  could  not  make  anie  great  speede  one  o"'  quorse  the  seventh 
day  in  the  mornmg  the  mnd  god  bethanked  came  sumwhat  faierer  with 
a  smal  gale  and  verie  faier  wether  and  with  gode  assistance  proseeded  on 
o'  quorse  about  ten  of  the  clocke  this  day  we  lost  the  sight  of  lundie  and 
about  .2.  a  clock  of  the  same  dale  the  wind  rose  a  htle  and  blue  a  faier 
gale  at  southwest  and  the  wether  faier  the  which  I  pray  god  §to§  make  vs 
thankfull  for  it:  the — IS**"  day  wee  prosseed  one  o''  quorse  the  wind  being 
faier  but  a  verie  smalle  gale  and  with  gode  assistance  wee  recovered  to 
the  southward  of  if  §eir§land  this  night  we  were  becalmed  but  only  now  and 
then  with  vncertam  winde  contrarie  to  ou''  quors  thus  waiting  vpon  the 
mercies  of  the  allmigtie  god  and  wavering  vpon  the  wide  Seas  with  vncer- 
taine  winde  vntle  it  shall  plese  god  god  to  send  vs  wether  to  bring  vs  to  o'' 
expected  port,  the  .19.  day  being  the  first  saboath  day  in  o''  viage  we  were 
becalmed  as  the  4me  night  before  but  only  with  a  smale  gale  §at§  norwest 
about  .2.  a  clocke  of  this  dale  it  pleased  god  to  send  vs  a  faier  gale  at 
norwest  and  soe  we  held  o""  quors  to  the  sowwest  the  .20.  day  we  hckwise 
proseeded  on  o'  quors  the  wind  houlding  with  a  strong  gale  as  the  day 
before  this  day  about  .2  a  clocke  the  wind  came  at  north  with  a  verie 
strong  gale  m  so  much  that  when  the  night  came  we  were  driven  to  strike 
o'  topsailes  then  the  wind  shifted  tfeat  estnorthest  and  so  the  .21.  day 
with  the  same  wind  wee  held  ou""  qurs  at  west  sowwest  according  to  o'' 
desier  and  praing  to  the  allmightie  god  to  continue  so  faier  a  wind,  the 
.22.  day  we  had  the  wind  southest  and  held  o""  quors  as  the  day  before 
Runing  with  a  strong  gale  as  much  as  ou""  smale  ship  is  able  to  here  towarde 

1619  111 

o""  expected  port  thus  ver  depending  vpon  the  mercies  of  the  all 
mightie  god  and  desiering  him  allwais  to  continue  his  favorable  hand  of 
cumpassion  towarde  vs  without  the  which  §we  cannot§  long  continue  the 
.23.  dale  the  wind  God  bethanke  held  as  the  day  before  and  we  continued 
o'  quors  at  westsouwest  which  we  hould  to  be  §the  direct§  poynt  for  o'  port 
this  .23  day  at  night  wee  had  a  shroud  storme  out  of  the  southest  both  of 
wind  and  raigne  which  did  both  annoy  mariners  and  pasengers  for  the 
time  the  .24.  day  in  the  morning  it  pleased  god  to  send  vs  calme  wether 
but  §the§  wind  vncertaine  then  about  ten  a  clocke  we  had  a  faier  gale  at  est 
and  by  south  and  w^e  held  o"^  quorse  at  westsouwest  the  .25  day  wee  had 
the  wind  estnorthest  and  helld  o""  quors  as  the  §daie  before§  .26.  the  wind 
held  at  southest  and  wee  held  o''  quors  at  souwest  an  by  west  this  day  in 
the  after  noone  wee  had  stormes  and  gustes  out  of  the  est  and  the  night 
following  proued  verie  tempestuous  both  with  wind  and  raigne  the  27 
dale  we  had  faier  wether  and  the  wind  at  estsouthest  the  .28.  dale  in  the 
morning  we  had  the  wether  faier  and  the  wind  at  southest  the  .29.  dale 
we  had  the  wind  a  sousouwest  contrarie  to  o''  quors  the  .30  day  the  wind 
held  contrie  as  the  dale  before  the  first  day  of  October  we  were  becalmed 
with  verie  faier  wether  [aftd  afeetrt]  the  .2.  day  god  be  thanked  we  had 
the  §wmd  at§  sousouthest  and  directed  o''  quors  at  souwest  and  by  west  the 
.3.  dale  we  had  a  verie  great  storm  from  the  estsouthest  which  held  from 
Saturday  night  vntle  morndad  morning  the  .4.  day  it  pleased  god  we 
had  the  wether  faier  but  the  wind  contrie  at  souwest  the  .5.  dale  we  had 
the  §winde§  southwardly  the  .6.  dale  we  had  the  §wind§  at  north  west 
the  .7.  day  we  had  the  §wind  at§  south  and  south  an  by  west  and  in  the 
afternoone  blew  so  much  wind  that  we  could  hardly  bear  anie  saile  the  8 
day  we  were  becalmed  this  night  about  midnit  we  had  a  faier  gale  at  est 
which  held  .2.  or  .3.  houres  and  as  the  morning  came  the  wind  shifted 
the  .9.  day  the  storme  grew  soe  extrem  that  we  were  licke  to  cutte  o"" 
maine  mast  by  the  bord  and  then  it  plesed  god  to  favor  vs  in  slakeing  the 
wind  a  litle  which  cased  vs  to  stay  o  hande  and  so  by  the  helpe  of  the  all- 
mightie  we  enduered  the  storm  all  that  day  and  night  the  tenth  day  we 
had  the  wind  at  norwest  and  soe  proseeded  one  o""  quors  as  nere  as  wee 
could  the  .11.  day  wee  had  the  wind  as  the  dale  before  and  verie  faier 
wether  the  .12.  dale  we  had  the  wind  at  south  and  foule  wether  full  of 


mist  and  fog  this  night  about  midnit  the  wind  came  northwardly  the  .13. 
day  we  had  the  whid  at  north  and  by  est  with  a  verie  strong  gale  the 
which  we  praied  god  to  continue  to  his  will  and  plesur  the  .14.  day  we 
had  the  wind  faier  but  shifted  to  the  southest  and  towarde  night  shrunke 
away  to  souwest  with  foule  wether  the  .15.  day  §we§  had  the  wind  con- 
trarie  as  the  dale  before  and  towarde  the  evening  the  wind  came  a  litle 
northwardly  the  .16.  day  we  had  the  wind  at  west  and  by  north  the  .17. 
day  wee  had  faier  wether  and  calme  that  we  coulnot  make  anie  way  one 
ou""  viage  in  the  evening  we  had  a  litle  fresh  gale  at  west  and  the  wind 
increased  that  night  the  .18.  dale  we  had  a  verie  great  storm  which  cased 
vs  to  strike  o''  sailes  and  topmast  and  toward  night  the  storm  ceased  a 
litle  and  then  wee  sett  o""  maine  quors  the  .19  day  we  had  the  wind  faier 
the  .20.  dale  the  §wind§  blue  at  west  norwest  the  .21.  dale  we  had  the  wind 
lick  wise  as  the  dale  before  and  we  held  o"'  quors  at  west  and  by  south 
the  .22.  dale  we  had  faier  weth  and  the  wind  northwardly  but  a  vrie 
smale  gale  the  .23.  day  was  faier  and  calme  and  the  wind  at  north  and 
by  est  the  .24.  day  the  wind  blue  as  the  dale  before  with  a  faier  gale 
the  .25  day  wee  had  the  wind  and  wether  faier  luckewise  the  .26.  day  we 
had  the  wind  and  wether  faier  lickewise  with  a  good  full  gale  and  we  held 
our  quors  at  west  and  by  north  proseeding  one  ou""  viag  as  opertunitie 
serueth  the  .27.  we  had  the  wind  sanct  and  in  the  afternoone  fel  away 
westward  contrarie  to  our  quors 

,  the  .28.  day  the  wind  was  faier  and  wee  held  ou""  quors  fitt  for  o""  portt 
the  .29.  day  we  had  the  wind  at  est  and  a  verie  strong  gale  and  we  sailed 
away  afor  the  wind  the  .30.  dale  §we  had§  the  wind  faier  at  north  est  with 
a  smal  gale  the  .31.  dale  we  had  a  shroud  storm  at  norwest  with  wind  and 
raigne  and  we  struke  o""  sailes  and  topmastes,  the  first  dale  of  novenber 
we  §had§  the  wether  faier  and  the  wind  at  north  an  by  est  and  we  sett  o'' 
mast  and  sailes  the  .2.  daie  §we  had§  the  wind  and  wether  §faier§  at  south 
with  a  strong  gale  the  .3.  daie  foule  wether  and  the  wind  at  south  the  4 
daie  we  had  the  wind  at  north  and  resonable  faier  wether  the  .5.  daie  wee 
had  the  wind  estandby north  with  a  faier  gale  the  .6.  day  the  wind  shifted 
to  the  west  contrari  to  o''  quors  and  in  the  after  noone  we  had  a  shroud 
storm  and  we  struck  o''  sailes  and  topmaste  and  in  the  evening  the  wind 
cam  faier  at  north  and  by  est  and  so  the  storm  cesed  and  we  set  o""  maigne 
quors  halfe  mast  hie  the  7.  daie  was  faier  wether  and  the  wind  at  southest 

1619  113 

the  8  daie  the  wind  came  at  south  and  we  held  our  quorse  at  north  an  by 

the  .9.  day  we  had  the  wind  at  est  with  a  faier  strong  gale  and  continued 
most  part  of  the  neight  and  a  storm  cam  and  the  wind  shefted  at  west 
the  tenth  day  wee  strucke  sailes  and  topmastes  and  the  storme  continued 
all  that  day  in  the  evening  the  storm  cessed  a  litle  and  we  set  o'  maigne 
quors  and  continued  that  neight  the  .11.  day  in  the  morning  we  had  faier 
wether  and  held  the  same  quors  at  westsouwest  with  a  verie  small  gale 
and  sumtimes  a  calme  the  .12.  day  we  had  a  rufe  §gale§  from  the  norwest 
the  .13.  day  we  had  faier  wether  and  becalmed  the  .14.  daie  we  had  a 
storm  at  west  contrarie  to  our  quors  and  we  strucke  o""  saieles  and  top 
mastes  and  huld  away  befor  the  wind,  about  midnight  the  storm  ceased 
the  .15.  day  we  had  §the§  wind  at  norwest  in  the  evening  the  wind  came 
faier  at  est  and  continued  with  a  strong  gale  that  night  the  .16.  daie  the 
wind  held  as  the  the  daie  befor  but  the  wind  encreased  and  continued 
with  much  raigne  &  foule  wether  that  we  strucke  o'  saieles  and  top  mastes 
and  huld  befor  the  wind  about  midnight  the  storm  cesed  both  of  wind 
and  raigne 

the  .17.  daie  we  had  the  wind  faier  in  the  morning  and  about  .9.  of  the 
clocke  we  had  a  storm  out  of  the  est  at  .12.  a  clocke  faier  wether  and  a  good 
obcervation  and  the  wind  came  againe  at  est  with  a  faier  gale  and  we  set  o"" 
sailes  and  topmast  and  befor  n_ight  it  turned  to  a  storm  that  we  struck 
*  *  *  §sailes§  againe  and  huld  befor  the  wind  with  gret  extremitie  of 
wether  the  .18.  daie  the  storm  held  as  the  daie  before  with  as  much  extremitie 
and  about  noone  wee  strucke  o''  fortopmast  thus  remaining  acording  to 
the  plesur  *  *  *  of  the  allmightie  god  in  the  surging  and  overgroune 
seas  in  which  daingers  the  lord  hath  hetherto  preserued  vs  and  we  lick 
pore  passenger  and  pilgreimes  depending  vpon  god  mercies  and  praiing 
vnto  his  maiestie  to  lend  vs  such  cumfortable  wether  that  may  be  for  ou"' 
goode  and  bring  vs  to  our  expected  port  free  from  all  hurte  and  dangers  and 
out  of  the  hande  of  ou''  enimies  the  .19.  daie  in  the  morning  the  storm  sum 
wht  a  bated  and  a  bout  .6.  a  clocke  we  sett  saile  and  proseeded  on  o''  quors  as 
opertunitie  serueth  the  .20.  daie  we  had  the  wind  faier  at  northest  and  pro- 
seeded  one  o'  quors  the  .21.  day  the  wind  held  faier  Kckwise  the  .22.  daie  the 
wind  held  faier  as  the  daie  before  and  we  held  o'  quors  and  looked  out 
for  land  and  sounding  often  not   finding  ground  &  neither  discovered 


land  the  23  d[ay]  the  wether  was  veri  faier  and  the  wind  resonable  large 
the  .24.  dale  the  wmd  and  wether  was  faier  the  which  we  praied  god  to 
continue  the  .25.  dale  we  had  the  wind  §at  south§  and  blew  a  strong  gale 
and  we  sterd  away  west  and  about  .4.  a  clocke  we  sounded  and  had  ground 
at  .16.  fathom  of  water  the  .26.  dale  we  had  the  wind  at  nor  west  con- 
trarie  to  o''  quors  the  .27.  dale  §the§  wind  was  contrarie  lickewise  but  the 
wether  faier  and  calhne  this  night  §the  wind  cum§  at  souwest  and  we  bore 
vp  at  west  and  by  north  and  sumtimes  norwest 

the  .28.  dale  being  the  sabaoth  dale  we  had  the  wind  at  souwest,  and  we 
bore  vp  at  west  and  by  nore  and  in  the  morning  wee  sounded  and  had 
lande  at  at  a  .11.  fathom  of  water  and  about  §.11.§  a  clocke  one  went  vp 
in  the  maine  top  and  desscried  land  which  was  noe  smale  ioy  to  the 
whole  cumpanie,  and  this  night  we  came  to  an  anker  in  Cheskeak  bale  the 
.29. dale  we  had  a  shroud  storm  and  we  endevored  to  waie  anker  and  o"^ 
Capston  brock,  which  put  vs  in  great  disstreese  and  so  we  were  driven  to 
ride  it  out  vntle  the  next  morning  the  .30.  dale  we  had  o""  Capston 
mended  and  waied  anker,  and  in  the  evening  god  bethanked  we  came  to 
an  anker  at  kecketan  in  a  good  harbore  where  my  Cap'"'""  went  a  shore 
to  see  sum  of  his  frend^  and  my  selfe  and  his  mane  with  him  thus 
leauing  the  seas  I  leave  to  wright  at  this  time  the  last  of  november  .1619. 

I  need  not  report  anie  thing  of  the  cuntrie  you  hauing  had  soe  good  enteli- 
genc  of  it  by  soe  manie  worthy  gentle  men:  that  i  should  but  loose  my 
labore  to  wright  anie  farther,  but  only  this  I  must  neede  sale,  that  if  I 
had  the  eloquence  of  Cesero  or  aed  the  skillfull  art  of  Apellese  I  could 
not  pen  neither  paint  out  a  better  praise  of  the  cuntrie  then  the  cuntrie 
it  selfe  deserveth 

we  are  well  settled  in  good  land  by  the  means  of  the  Governor  of  this 
cuntrie,  and  the  care  and  experienc  of  o''  Cap* 
ou''  house  is  bilt  with  a  stoore  convenient 

[Indorsed  in  the  handwriting  of  John  Smyth :]  The  voyage  written  by  ffer- 
dinardo  Yate  to  verginia  1619. 

1619  115 

XLIX.  Virginia  Company.     A  Note    of   the    Shipping,    Men,    and 

Provisions,  Sent  to  Virginia,  by  the  Treasurer  and  Company 

IN  the  yeere  1619" 

(1)  Pamphlet.     Printed.     (2)  Manuscript  formerly  of  Earl  De  La  Warr. 

(1)  New   York   Public   Libra^3^     (2)  Document  in   Collection   of  Lord   Sackville, 

Knole  Park,  Kent. 

List  of  Records  No.  92 

A  Note  of  the  Shipping,  Men,  and  Provisions,  sent  to  Virginia,  by  the 
Treasurer  and  Company,  in  the  yeere  1619. 

The  Bona  Noua,  of  200.  Tun,  sent  in  August  1619.  with 120.  persons.  „  . 

The  Duty,  of  70.  Tun,  sent  in  lanuarie  1619.  with 51.  persons. 

The  lonathan,  of  350.  Tim,  sent  in  Februarie,  1619.  with 200.  persons. 

The  Triall,  of  200.  Tun,  sent  in  February,  1619.  with  40.  persons,  and  60.  Kine. 
The  Faulcon,  of  150.  Tun,  sent  in  February,  1619.136.  persons,  &  52.  Kine, 

with I  and  4.  Mares. 

The  Marchant  of  London,  of  300.  Tun,  in  March,  1619.  with 200.  persons. 

The  Swan  of  Barnstable,  of  100.  Tun,  in  March,  1619.  with 71.  persons. 

The  Bonauenture,  of  240.  Tun,  sent  in  April,  1620.  with _  .  153.  persons. 

Besides  these,  set  out  by  the  Tresurer  and  Company,  there  haue  been  set 
our  by  particular  Aduenturers  for  priuate  Plantations. 

The  Garland,  of  250.  Tun,  sent  in  August,  1619.  with 45.  persons. 

who  are  yet  detained  in  the  Summer  Hands. 

A  Ship  of  Bristoll,  of  80.  Tun,  sent  in  September,  1619.  with 45.  persons. 

There  are  also  two  Ships  in  prouiding  to  be  shortly  gone,  for] 

about  300.  persons  more,  to  be  sent  by  priuate  Aduenturers,  300.  persons. 

to  Virginia I 

Summe  oj  the  persons 1261. 

Whereof  in    the   eight   Ships   set   out   by   the    Treasurer   andl 
Company I 


Of  these  persons  there  are  sent  for  pubhcke  and  other  pious  vses,  these  p^^,^ 


Tenants  for  the  Gouernours  Land,  (besides  fiftie  sent  the  former  spring.)  ..80. 

Tenants  for  the  Companies  Land 130. 

Tena,nts  for  the  Colledgcs  Land 100. 

Tenants  for  the  Ministers  glebe  Lands 50. 

Young  maids  to  make  wiues  for  so  many  of  the  former  Tenants 90. 

Boyes  to  make  Apprentices  for  those  Tenants 100 

Seruants  for  the  publicke 50. 


Men  sent  by  their  labours  to  beare  vp  the  charge  of  bringing  vp  Thirty] 

of  the  Infidels  children  in  true  Religion  and  ciuility J 

Summe  of  Persons  Jor  publicke  vse,  c&c 650. 

The  611  remaining,  are  sent  for  priuate  Plantations. 
The  Commodities  ivhich  these  people  are  directed  principally  to  apply,  [next  to 
their  owne  necessary  maintenance)  are  these  ensuing: 

Iron:  for  which  are  sent  150.  persons,  to  set  vp  three  Iron  workes;  proof e 
hauing  been  made  of  the  extraordinary  goodnesse  of  that  Iron. 

Cordage:  for  which  (besides  Hemp)  direction  is  giuen  for  the  planting  of 
Silke-grasse,  (naturally  growing  in  those  parts)  in  great  abundance:  which 
is  approued  to  make  the  best  Cordage  and  Linnen  in  the  world.  Of  this, 
euery  house-holder  is  bound  to  set  100.  Plants:  and  the  Gouernour  himselfe 
hath  set  fine  thousand. 

Pitch  and  Tarre :  for  the  making  whereof  the  Polackers  are  returned  to  their 

Timber  of  all  sorts,  with  Masts,  Planks  and  Boords  for  prouision  of  Ship- 
ping, &c.  there  being  not  so  good  Timber  for  all  vses  in  any  one  knowne 
Countrey  whatsoeuer.  And  for  the  ease  and  encrease  of  diuers  of  these 
workes,  prouision  is  sent  of  men  and  materials,  for  the  setting  vp  of  sundry 
Sawing  Milles. 

Silke:  for  which  that  Countrey  is  exceeding  proper  hauing  innumerable 
store  of  Mulbery  Trees  of  the  best,  and  some  silke-wormes  naturally  found 
vpon  them,  producing  excellent  Silke:  some  whereof  is  to  bee  scene.  For 
the  setting  vp  of  which  Commodity,  his  Maiesty  hath  been  graciously 
pleased  now  the  second  time  (the  former  hauing  miscarried)  to  bestow  vpon 
the  Company  plenty  of  Silke-wormes  feed  of  his  owne  store,  being  the  best. 

Vines:  whereof  the  Countrey  yeeldeth  naturally  great  store,  and  of  sundry 
sorts:  which  by  culture  will  be  brought  to  excellent  perfection.  For  the 
effecting  whereof,  diuers  skilfull  Vignerons  are  sent,  with  store  also  from 
hence  of  Viiie  plants  of  the  best  sort. 

Salt:  which  works  hauing  bin  lately  suffered  to  decay,  are  now  ordered  to 
be  set  vp  in  so  great  plenty,  as  not  onely  to  serue  the  Colony  for  the  present; 
but  as  is  hoped  in  short  time  also  the  great  Fishings  on  those  Coasts. 

1619  117 

For  the  following,  working,  and  perfecting  of  these  Commodities,  all 
proiiisions  necessary  for  the  present  are  sent  in  good  abundance.  As 
likewise  the  People  that  goe,  are  plentifully  furnished  with  apparell, 
bedding,  victuall  for  sixe  moneths:  Implements  both  for  House  and  labour. 
Armour,  weapons,  tooles,  and  sundry  other  necessaries.  And  a  supply  of 
Armour,  Powder,  and  many  necessary  prouisions  is  made  for  those  of  the 
Colonie  which  were  there  before;  j^et  without  any  preiudice  to  the  former 

There  haue  been  giuen  to  the  Colonie  this  yeere  by  deuout  Persons,  these  gifts  Gifts. 


Two  Persons  vnknowne,  haue  giuen  faire  Plate,  and  other  rich  Ornaments 
for  two  Communion  Tables;  whereof  one  for  the  Colledge,  and  the  other 
for  the  Church  of  Mistrisse  Mary  Robinsons  founding:  who  in  the  former 
yeere  by  her  Will,  gaue  200.  pounds  towards  the  founding  of  a  Church  in 

Afiother  vnknowne  person,  (together  with  a  godly  letter)  hath  lately  sent 
to  the  Treasurer  550.  pounds  in  gold,  for  the  bringing  vp  of  children  of  the 
Infidels:  first  in  the  Knowledge  of  God  and  true  Religion;  and  next,  in  fit 
trades  whereby  honestly  to  line. 

Master  Nicolas  Ferrar  deceased,  hath  by  his  will  giuen  300.  pounds  to  the 
Colledge  in  Virginia,  to  bee  paid,  when  there  shall  be  ten  of  the  Infidels 
children  placed  in  it.  And  in  the  meane  time  foure  and  twenty  pounds  by 
yeere,  to  be  distributed  vnto  three  discreet  and  Godly  men  in  the  Colony, 
which  shall  honestly  bring  vp  three  of  the  hifidels  children  in  Christian 
Religion,  and  some  good  course  to  hue  by. 

An  vnnamed  person  sent  to  the  Treasurer  the  summe  of  ten  pounds,  for 
aduancing  of  the  Plantation. 



There  haue  been  Patents  granted  this  yeere  for  particular  Plantations,  as  here 


To  the  Society  of  Southampton  hundred. 

To  Master  Heath  Recorder  of  London. 

To  Master  Wincopp. 

To  Master  Trade. 

To  Doctor  Bohun. 

To  Master  Pierce. 

To  Master  Delbridye. 

To  Master  Points. 

To  Master  Barkley. 

To  Captaine  Bargraue. 

To  Captaine  Ward. 

The  foresaid  twelue  hundred  sixty  one  persons  being  arriued,  will  make 
the  number  of  the  English  in  Virginia  to  amount  to  about  foure  and 
twenty  hundred  Soules:  and  the  Cattell,  to  about  hue  hundred:  with  some 
Horses  and  Goates;  and  infinite  number  of  Swine,  broken  out  into  the 

Who  haue  vndertaken  to  trans- 
port to  Virginia  great  multi- 
tudes of  People,  mth  store  of 

L.  (John)  Delbridge  (Yeardley).     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys 


Ferrar  Papers 
Document  in  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge  University 
An  indorsement  in  a  later  hand  gives  letter  as  from  Delbridge.     Autograph  is  Sir 
George  Yeardley's.     Written  soon  after  April  29,   1619.     (Photographic  repro- 
duction of  part,  in  the  Library  of  Congress) 

List  of  Records  No.  93 

Sir,  trewly  pceiving  your  constant  affection  still  to  remayne  towards 
me,  aswell  in  the  great  travaile  and  paynes  you  take  for  defending  vp- 
houlding  and  mayntayning  my  reputation  and  Creditt,  as  allso  for  the 
good  advise  Counsell  and  directions  I  doe  receave  fro  you,  with  your  harty 
wishes  and  prayers  for  my  happy  and  good  pceeding,  I  may  not  omitt 

1619  119 

ffirst  to  give  thankes  vnto  God  who  hath  raysed  me  so  worthy  a  ffreind, 
next  to  retorne  to  your  good  selfe  all  my  best  and  strongest  endevors  in 
ffaythfull  Love  and  service,  whereby  I  may  in  some  measure  deserve  your 
so  great  kindnes  shewed  me,  meane  whille  I  retorne  vnto  you  vnfayned 
thankes,  with  pmise  to  pforme  to  the  vttmost  of  my  strenght  and  vnder- 
standing  all  things  I  am  required  for  the  publike  good,  pceeding  in  this 
wayghty  worke  w'^^  I  have  by  god  his  pvidence  now  in  hand,  even  with 
all  the  dihigence  I  can,  wherein  considering  the  Uttell  helpe  I  have  for 
men  of  vnderstanding  and  honesty  with  wilhngnes  to  lend  theire  helping 
hand  vnto  me,  I  find  great  troble  and  some  diffulty,  w'^''  I  make  shift  so 
well  as  I  can  to  wade  through  being  in  many  things  by  argument  opposed 
by  those  by  who  I  should  be  strenghned,  the  reasons  endeed  being  that 
they  themselves  §some  of  them§  have  bin  partakers  in  Argalls  actions,  the 
rest  having  fformerly  by  his  pswasion  sett  theire  hands  to  vntruthes  are 
now  vnwilling  to  give  themselves  the  ly  but  rather  care  not  yf  the  whole 
publike  where  overthrowne  then  theire  pvate  Credit  crabt,  to  be  taxed 
with  indiscretion  or  dishonesty  but  this  they  Smother  and  Smooth  over, 
and  I  am  A^dlling  to  lett  pass  so  the  pincipall  may  be  pfected,  and  so  it 
will,  and  playnly  apeare  by  Testimony  vpon  oath  that  Argall  hath  wrought 
Craftily  and  dishonestly  in  all  his  pceedings,  and  they  won  with  the  love 
of  his  good  Licour,  and  fayre  ptestations  to  be  Joyned  to  sett  theire  hands 
to  that  w"''  they  cannott  now  chuse  but  in  theire  harts  condem  [1?]  May 
it  please  you  to  consider  it  will  be  altogether  requisite  that  I  should  be 
assisted  with  the  ffull  nomber  of  8  Counsellers  here  being  now  but  six 
neither  could  I  tell  in  all  the  Land  where  to  Chuse  too  more  to  ad  to  this 
nomber,  now  m""  wicham  being  dead  whom  the  whole  Land  doth  much 
miss  and  lament  and  Capt  West  gon  for  England  wohe  helpe  may  easily 
be  spared,  there  Remaynes  now  but  the  nomber  of  4  and  those  too  of 
them  Capt  Powell  and  M''  Macok  dwelUng  at  Charles  Hundred  40  miles 
fro  James  towne  it  is  a  very  great  troble  for  them  vpon  all  ocations  to 
come  away  fro  theire  jSJvate  workes  to  attend  herevpon  the  pubhke,  yett 
in  truth  I  find  the  both  willing  to  spare  what  tyme  they  can  for  the  publike 
espetially  M''  Macok  who  is  endeed  my  Cheife  strenght  in  the  ryght  ail- 
though  while  Capt  Argall  was  heere  he  did  a  Httell  run  with  the  tyme,  as 
it  was  his  safest  Course  for  endeed,  there  was  no  daring  to  deny  what  he 
would  have  done,  what  in  pticullar  I  have  done,  as  I  was  Comanded  by 
§my§  Comissions  and  Instructions,  may  it  please  you  that  I  refer  you  to 


the  generall  letters,  what  remayneth  with  as  much  speed  as  tyme  and 
other  most  needfull  ocations  will  give  leave,  I  meane  god  willing  to  pfect, 
allthough  for  restitution  fro  Capt  Argalls  goods  and  Lands  to  be  made 
both  to  the  Publike  and  i^lvate,  there  is  found  here  at  my  Coming  but 
littell  to  make  it  good  for  having  that  littell  tyme  to  run  away  fro  the 
Collony  he  Caryed  his  Cheifest  goods  with  him,  leaving  only  behind  him 
his  Cattell  w"^  is  the  Cheifest  and  some  other  things  arysing  to  no  great 
valew,  but  Concerning  the  publike,  espetially  for  Corne,  I  will  vse  all  the 
care  and  Industry  I  can  to  rayse  a  stock  by  way  of  trade  to  w''^  end  I 
desire  some  trucking  stuff  may  be  sent  me,  for  Cattell  I  finding  I  finding  ^ 
none  to  remayne  to  the  Collony  at  my  Arivall,  I  know  not  as  yett  how  to 
rayse  that  stock,  but  so  soone  as  I  can  I  will  examine  more  exactly  how 
every  man  hath  come  by  his  Cattell  so  y*  yf  I  find  any  vnlaufuUy  bought 
I  may  restore  the  to  the  Publike,  there  are  yett  in  the  possession  of  Capt 
West  six  Cowes  with  the  encrease  w"*"  Capt  Argall  at  his  Arivall  when  he 
had  served  himself e  and  those  he  would,  sett  apart  for  my  Lord  Delawars 
vse  but  my  Lorde  being  dead  they  had  now  bin  otherwyse  to  have  bin 
disposed  to  the  Publike  vse,  w''^  I  would  have  done  but  that  Capt  West 
assureth  me  that  my  Lady  Delavar  hath  allready  gotten  a  grant  of  the 
ffro  the  Company,  w"*"  till  I  heare  fro  you  I  lett  them  remayne  in  his  pos- 
session, being  no  whitt  the  farther  yf  the  Company  shall  thinke  fitt  either 
to  M'  Wodall  or  otherwise  to  dispose  of  the 

[2a]  I  find  that  we  *  *  *  Smyths  Hundred  are  altogether  destitute 
of  Cowes  therefore  I  sho[w/]d  be  glad  you  would  take  order  we  may  be 
furnished  with  those,  and  more  I  hope  you  have,  pvided  that  we  may 
buy  of  the  that  are  coming  in  the  Shipp,  for  oxen  of  those  that  remayne 
here  to  the  Collony  I  entend  about  Michallmas  to  take  as  many  as  will 
sett  vp  3  ploughs  at  Smythes  Hundred,  for  we  have  there  great  store  of 
good  Cleered  grounds,  this  yeare  both  before  and  since  my  coming  in 
hath  bin  a  very  great  drought,  so  y*  I  cannott  expect  much  tobako  our 
Cheifest  care  must  be  for  Corne,  whereof  I  hope  the  next  yeare  to  send 
you  word  of  plenty,  I  am  sory  that  I  shall  not  this  yeare  send  home  tobako 
as  I  well  hoped  to  have  done,  what  I  fayle  this  yeare  I  doubt  not  but  to 
make  good  the  next,  when  I  shall  have  the  whole  winter  before  hand  to 
dispose,  and  order  the  men,  yett  I  confes  the  care  Charge  and  troble  of 


1619  121 

the  Publike  buisines  doth  much  hinder  nie  and  keepe  me  fro  looking  after 
that  of  Smyths  Hundred,  where  I  wish  to  be  pisent  oftner  then  my  occa- 
tions  will  suffer  me.  agayne,  I  want  some  experienced  men  for  officers  and 
Baylyes  to  direct  the  workes  in  my  absence,  for  lack  whereof  there  are 
many  things  canot  goe  well  foreward  when  I  am  away — and  to  say  truth 
it  would  desire  my  plsence  there  alltogether  and  I  could  be  well  content, 
so  y*  the  publike  were  otherwise  by  gods  apoyntmen  well  pvided  for,  to 
spend  my  tyme  wholly  in  that  employment.  There  hath  lately  hapened 
a  misfortune  done  by  him  who  Comanded  there  M""  Ei)s  who  I  found 
cheife  in  the  buisines  at  my  coming  M"^  Haull  and  M'  Neman  being  dead, 
M'  Eps  being  a  hopefull  yong  gentellman  I  constituted  Captayne  over  the 
people  and  Comitted  the  buisines  wholly  to  his  disposing  in  my  absence 
and  as  he  should  receave  directions  fro  me,  but  so  it  fell  out  one  the  30*'' 
§of§  may  last  that  one  Capt.  StaUing  employed  hether  by  Sir  ffardinando 
Gorge,  Coming  to  Smythes  Hundred  some  difference  ffell  betweene  the 
and  drunkennes  w'=''  of  late  hath  bin  to  Common  stiring  them  farther  to 
malice  and  blowes,  so  that  Epps  lett  drive  at  Stalling  aed  with  his  sworde 
but  scaberd  and  all,  yett  the  blow  was  so  ftbrcible  that  he  Cleft  him  to 
the  scull  and  next  day  he  died  thereon,  this  matter  is  not  yett  tryed  in 
regard  I  have  bin  trobled  with  these  buisinesses  of  Capt  Argalls,  in  the 
meane  he  is  Committed  to  the  Provost  Mareshalls,  and  in  his  stead  I  have 
entreated  [2^]  Capt  Graves  and  Antient  officer  of  this  Co[mpa]ny  to  take 
Charge  of  the  people  and  workes  my  selfe  as  occassion  wiU  pmitt  making 
a  step  thether,  I  am  sory  for  Capt  Epps  in  Regard  he  is  a  proper  yong 
man,  and  Recomended  to  me  by  Sir  Nicholas  Tuston  for  whose  sake  I 
desired  to  doe  him  all  the  ffurtherance  I  could,  and  I  hope  yett  yf  he  be 
Cleared  with  his  lyfe  of  this  matter  he  may  by  god  his  grace  repent  and 
become  a  good  member  of  that  Plantation,  wherein  I  shall  be  willing  to 
Instruct  him,  Stalling  his  Shipp  being  maymed  before  he  died  lyeth  now 
like  a  wrack  vpon  the  shoare  and  yf  I  doe  not  vse  some  speedy  course  to 
trim  hir  she  wifi  be  for  ever  vnserviteable,  but  therein  I  entend  to  doe 
the  Owner  a  pleasure,  yf  it  Shall  stand  with  your  good  liking  I  should  be 
glad  Sir  ffardinando  had  content  for  hir,  and  that  I  myght  Employ  hir 
here  to  trade  for  Smyths  Hundred,  herein  yf  you  send  your  resolution 
by  the  next  retorne  after  I  see  hir  trymed  I  shall  be  able  to  say  what  she 
is  worth.  Sir  I  vnderstand  by  §a  letter§  I  receaved  fro  you  of  Capt  Lawne, 


that  some  of  the  Company  tooke  it  ill  I  putt  into  Dartmouth,  but  therein 
I  may  be  very  well  excused  being  resolved  to  put  in  to  some  place  of  the 
West  Country  to  make  vp  the  nomber  of  the  men  and  to  certify  you 
thereof  with  other  reasons  w"*"  myght  have  hapened  to  any  of  the  excepters 
but  theire  malitious  harts  are  herein  more  seene,  that  any  way  I  can  be 
Justly  taxed,  for  those  my  ffreinds  that  wisht  me  me  ^  so  well,  that  they 
would  have  bought  the  wine  yf  so  to  have  bin  sould  my  Love  and  service 
shaU  allway  be  ready  to  requite  those  theire  good  wishes,  for  those  w'^^ 
are  Jelous  about  my  touching  there  being  pswaded  by  some  neere  §me§  I 
cleere  them  of  that  doubt,  allthough  in  some  other  matters  they  may 
doubt,  but  for  my  Capitall  Enimy  I  hope  I  shall  by  the  mercy  of  god 
stand  Cleare  of  him  his  ends  being  evill  mine  good,  for  the  generall  con- 
ceite  that  I  will  either  be  slack  or  misled  or  in  any  respect  hindred  in  the 
orders  given  §me§  for  the  reformation  and  restitution  of  aU  matters,  they 
Judge  amiss  of  me,  yett  endeed  as  it  is  ffallen  out,  Capt  Argall  being  gon 
with  his  Ritches  I  am  destitute  in  the  greatest  to  make  restitution  yett 
for  restoring  the  Publike  stock  of  Corne  I  will  doe  my  best,  and  for  resti- 
tution of  aU  damages  there  remaynes  at  the  stake  only  his  Cattell  the 
nomber  whereof  the  Lyst  will  shew  you,  and  a  few  other  goods  whereof 
allso  I  have  sent  an  Inventory 

[Indorsed]  Delbridg  to  S'  Edw  Sandes. 

LI.  Sir  George  Yeardley.    A  Letter  to  [Sir  Edwin  Sandys]^ 


Ferrar  Papers 
Document  in  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge  University 
List  of  Records  No.  94 


Sir,  since  my  Last  vnto  you  by  the  Swan,  wherein  I  was  forced  to 
wryght  breifly,  hoping  to  have  more  tyme  by  the  Ships  that  were  to 
ffollow  hir,  to  signify  at  large  vnto  you  of  all  matters,  and  espetially  about 

2  This  is  apparently  an  autograph  letter  written  by  Governor  Yeardley  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys 
in  1619.  Pages  la  and  2b  were  written  after  Yeardley  had  been  in  Virginia  three  years.  Pages 
3a  and  4b  may  be  part  of  a  later  letter  written  soon  after  the  Earl  of  Southampton  became  treasurer. 

1619  123 

the  bewsines  of  Capt  Argall,  it  hath  pleased  god  in  his  mercy  that  Cap* 
Nuce  with  his  whole  Company  are  safely  arived  at  Elisabeth  Cyty,  whether 
I  am  now  come  to  lend  him  my  best  assistance  and  furtherance  for  the 
seating  himselfe  and  his  people  with  most  conveniency  and  best  helpe 
this  place  will  any  way  afford,  and  pswading  the  ould  Inhabitants  here  to 
remove  fro  of  this  Land  now  chosen  for  the  Company  and  to  leave  theire 
howses  with  some  resonable  consideration  of  helpe  to  build  others  vpon 
theire  owne  dividents,  wherein  I  will  i)!vaile  god  willing,  wherefore  yf  I 
shall  entreat  you  to  excuse  me  in  not  wryghting  so  largly  as  I  entended, 
and  not  therein  pforming  the  things  I  ^)mised  in  answering  of  all  your 
letters,  I  pray  Impute  it  to  this  nessisary  troble  w"''  at  this  tyme  doth 
posses  me  and  suffer  me  to  take  a  httell  more  tyme  therein,  w'^^  shall  be 
no  longer  then  the  depture  of  the  Bona  Nova  now  this  second  tyme,  yett 
have  I  not  left  all  things  vndon,  though  I  endevored  to  doe  more  yf  tyme 
and  buisines  would  have  given  leave  but  have  now  by  this  ship  sent  home 
enclosed  in  the  Companyes  pakett,  such  of  our  pceedings  in  Cap'  Argalls 
matters  as  in  this  tyme  wee  could  ffinish  with  some  other  discourses  I 
hope  not  vnnessisary,  wee  doe  entend  by  the  Bona  Nova  to  make  a  full 
conclusion  of  Cap*  Argalls  buisines  and  to  send  you  home  what  we  can, 
expecting  your  resolution  therevpon,  I  fynd  in  this  gen*  Cap*  Nuce  much 
worth  and  suffitienty,  and  cannott  but  comend  the  godly  care  of  the  com- 
pany in  pcuring  and  making  choyse  of  men  of  such  good  quality,  and  I 
doe  assure  my  the  bivsines,  both  by  him  and  m''  [1^]  Traysy  a  worthy 
gent  as  I  heare,  but  have  not  yet  spoken  with  him  though  thanks  be  to 
god  he  is  safly  arived  in  the  River,  I  missing  his  Ship  as  I  came  downe 
the  River  hether  in  the  nyght  tyme,  by  them  both  and  Cap*  Thorpe  who 
I  can  never  sufhtiently  comend,  nor  give  you  enough  thankes  for,  will  be 
exceedingly  strenghned  and  in  all  good  things  forwarded,  for  Cap* 
Thorpe  espetially  of  who  I  have  had  most  experience,  I  find  to  be  a  most 
suffitient  gent  vertuous  and  wyse,  and  one  vpon  whose  shoulders  the 
fframe  of  this  godly  building  the  goverment  of  this  whole  CoUony  would 
most  fittly  sitt.  And  my  humble  request  therefore  shall  be  vnto  your 
Noble  selfe  who  I  hould  still  to  Patronise  this  noble  worke,  though  god  of 
his  Infinite  goodnes  and  espetiall  jividence  hath  for  the  farther  and  more 
greater  good  of  this  his  worke  moved  the  hart  of  that  most  Noble  pson  to 
take  vpon  himselfe  the  Cheife  place  and  Gard  hereof,  for  w'^''  great  blessing 
and  mercy  my  selfe  as  bemg  s  trewly  sensible  thereof  retorne  most  harty 


prayse  vnto  the  Allmyghty  for  the  same,  that  therefore  being  I  am  assured 
you  tender  most  deerly  the  welfare  of  this  plantation  you  would  be  pleased 
my  tyme  of  3  yeares  being  expired  in  the  Goverment,  to  comend  vnto  the 
good  regard  of  the  Company  this  worthy  pson  Cap*  Thorpe  who  I  doe 
find  to  be  a  man  most  Jeolesly  affected  vnto  the  well  pceed  of  the  whole 
plantation,  and  being  it  pleaseth  god  to  give  him  health  and  strenght 
having  allso  bin  well  seasoned  to  the  Country  assuredly  will  be  the  most 
ffitt  man  to  be  Governour  of  Virginia  vnto  who  I  shall  be  most  willing  to 
surender  my  place  and  Comand,  and  be  as  ready  and  fore  ward  to  doe 
my  best  service  to  the  CoUony  in  what  I  may  as  yf  I  still  remayned  in 
the  Goverment,  neither  will  it  seeme  harsh  to  me  to  be  comanded  as  I 
my  selfe  have  done  espetially  by  one  who  I  can  obey  with  such  Love,  as 
I  shall  doe  vnto  him,  then  allso  shall  I  be  able  to  attend  with  Dilligence 
that  bewsines  w'^''  partly  through  my  absence  hath  so  much  miscarryed 
I  meane  the  place  I  love  and  greive  to  see  it  yett  not  thrive  Sowthampton 
Hundreth,  and  to  speake  truth  it  is  Impossible  for  any  man  that  shall  be 
Governour  throughly  to  looke  vnto  the  pceed  of  any  one  pticular  planta- 
tion, in  regard  the  publike  Affayres  of  the  Collony  and  the  care  of  all  will 
draw  him  fro  that  dayly  regard  a  jSvate  plantation  doth  and  will  require, 
and  so  shall  he  be  forced  to  trust  others  and  [2]  to  beare  the  blame  himselfe, 
yett  Sir  I  beseech  you  not  to  conceave  that  I  goe  about  contrary  to  my 
pmise  both  to  god  your  selfe  and  the  Company  to  shyse  my  selfe  out  of 
the  Goverment  of  Virginia  for  yf  I  spend  my  lyf  substance  strengh  and 
all  I  have  in  the  service  thereof,  I  shall  thinke  my  selfe  hapy  to  ffinish  my 
course  in  such  a  worke,  and  will  not  be  found  a  murmurer  agaynst  god, 
yf  he  shall  please  to  pick  me  out  for  the  same.  But  being  I  have  now 
well  weyghed  and  considered  that  I  may  be  able  to  doe  the  Country  as 
good  servise,  yea  and  being  best  acquainted  with  my  owne  disposition, 
better  service  then  yf  I  did  continew  Governour,  and  that  in  many  respects 
w"""  your  selfe  Sowthampton  Hundreth  and  allso  the  whole  Company  shall 
fynd  god  willing,  yett  wherein  for  the  pticulars  I  will  not  boast,  till  I 
shall  have  pformed  the,  in  execution  whereof  I  shall  not  stick  to  spend 
my  Lyfe  for  the  effecting  of  such  matters  for  the  Publike  good,  I  doe  now 
therefor  beseech  you  Sir  since  my  servise  to  the  Country  shall  be  no  less 
but  more,  that  you  would  be  pleased  my  tyme  of  3  years  being  expired 
to  give  your  ffurtherance  for  this  gen*  Cap*  Thorpe  to  be  Chossen  and 

1619  125 

established  Governour  of  Virginia  in  my  stead,  wherein  I  know  and  am 
well  assurd  you  shall  doe  a  most  worthy  worke. 

I  have  now  sent  home  my  Ship  I  bought  of  Cap*  Ward  and  M"'  Bargraves 
Atornyes,  having  in  hir  such  tobako  as  my  selfe  and  ffreinds  have  thought 
good  to  adventure  in  hir  vnto  fflushing,  seeing  that  by  pclamation  wee 
are  restrayned  for  sending  of  any  into  England,  w'^''  I  am  the  more  boulder 
to  doe  since  the  Company  have  advertised  of  theire  entents  therein  allso 
and  therefore  I  hope  it  will  not  be  ill  taken,  my  Ship  I  hope  shall  fynd 
better  sucses  then  my  Pinas  w''''  since  the  Company  have  bought  hir  I 
shall  desire  may  doe  the  good  service  to  w'=^  I  wUl  ad  my  best  advice  and 
ffurtherance  to  Cap*  Nuce  for  the  employing  hir  to  the  companyes  beni- 
ffitt,  M'  Bargrave  thinkes  he  had  a  hard  bargayne  in  the  sale  of  the  Ship 
and  Pinas,  but  I  am  sure  they  cost  me  a  sound  pryse,  and  had  I  sent  the 
tobako  home  I  gave  for  the  I  would  not  have  douted  to  haue  bought  too 
better  vessels  with  halfe  the  prys  of  that  tobako,  though  perhaps  he 
myght  find  but  a  bad  markett  for  want  of  a  good  Chapman  [2"]  yett 
the  gent  shall  fynd  me  ready  to  doe  him  any  pleasure  I  may  to  give  him 
helpe  in  his  transportation  att  any  tyme  whilse  I  shall  vse  hir,  though  I 
know  he  cannott  Chuse  but  make  more  mony  of  the  tobako  then  they 
both  cost  him,  and  had  they  come  home  his  they  would  have  bin  as  dead 
a  comodity  as  the  Pinas  was  being  myne,  but  he  is  a  man  as  I  conceave 
that  wicheth  well  to  the  plantation  and  doth  entend  himselfe  to  come 
over,  wherefor  for  his  encoragment  I  doubt  not  e  but  in  his  voyage  to 
pleasure  him  and  thus  much  yf  you  please  you  may  certify  him,  This 
bearer  Cap*  Rostingam  my  wyfes  Nephew,  though  yong  yett  of  good 
worth  and  discretion  as  by  experience  had  of  him  here  in  Virginia  I  may 
speake,  him  I  most  humbly  recomend  vnto  your  Noble  ffavor  beseeching 
you  to  afford  vnto  him  your  wonted  courtesy,  and  your  best  assistance 
in  all  LawfuU  causes  wherein  he  shall  have  ocassion  to  entreat  your  helpe, 
herein  as  in  all  other  your  great  ffavors  shewed  me  I  shall  §be§  most 
thankfull  vnto  you  for  any  ffavor  shewed  him  as  yf  the  same  were  Imediatly 
to  my  selfe,  and  doe  not  doubt  but  yf  you  shall  please  to  give  him  admitans 
into  your  ffavor  but  that  in  some  measur  he  will  deserve  it,  and  Manger 
all  MaUtious  false  forestalled  reportes  acquitt  himselfe  and  win  your 
aprobation,  but  of  such  reports  I  hope  you  have  had  of  late  good  expe- 
rience, therefor  I  will  not  troble  you  with  any  more  thereof.     As  for  M"" 

1282—33 10 


Pory  I  have  formerly  written  some  thing  to  you  concerning  him,  and  doe 
not  doubt  but  you  have  well  considered  it,  wherein  I  Justified  him  I  had 
my  reasons  for  it  and  I  know  you  will  aprove  them,  and  I  beleeve  you  doe 
not  conceave  me  so  weake  as  not  to  see  having  lyght  given  me  by  so  good 
a  watchman  as  your  selfe,  the  tyme  I  hope  will  not  be  long  but  you  shall 
see  how  far  I  have  beleeved  and  how  I  trust  him,  your  words  you  spake 
to  me  a  littell  before  my  depture  have  never  since  depted  fro  me  and  by 
experience  I  have  found  your  Judgment  not  deceaved,  neither  have  I 
bin  slak  in  making  vse  of  it,  but  nessitty  hath  no  law  and  better  a  bad 
foole  then  none  or  worse. 

[3^]  I  wrott  vnto  you  by  the  Swan  wherem  I  did  entreat  you  to  excuse 
§me§  that  I  had  not  ffurnished  you  with  walnutt  plankes,  and  that  you 
would  be  pleased  to  ffurnish  your  selfe  out  of  the  Tryall  with  so  much 
as  would  serve  you  I  having  as  I  wrott  a  9^^  parte  thereof  and  your  selfe 
being  ffurnished  that  you  would  be  pleased  in  my  name  to  pisent  some 
other  as  Sir  John  Wolstenholme  with  as  much  as  would  be  for  a  table, 
Sir  Nicolas  Tuston  with  another  Sir  Dudly  Diges  with  another  M"  Deputy 
ffarar  with  another  and  the  remayne  to  dispose  where  you  please,  I  doe 
therefore  agayne  beseech  you  soe  to  dispose  of  it  acordingly,  for  my 
share  and  part  of  payment  of  the  ffrayght  of  the  Ship  I  have  payed  to 
M'"  Edwards  M""  of  hir  and  therefore  there  is  no  charge  to  be  layd  vpon 
my  part  of  the  walnutt  tree  but  to  be  delivered  to  you  freely,  I  can  not 
pcure  it  to  be  landed  in  the  Downes  because  it  is  not  devided  and  is  in 
one  bulk  till  it  be  Landed  and  shared,  I  did  desire  to  have  so  ffitted 
it  but  could  not,  may  it  please  you  therefore  to  accept  of  my  best  endevor 
and  to  dispose  of  it  at  your  owne  pleasure.  My  Lady  Dales  Crop  of  tobako 
I  have  sent  home  in  the  Tryall  she  is  not  to  pay  any  ffrayght  for  it,  I 
having  pcured  the  consent  of  all  my  partners  in  that  ship,  and  because  of 
the  pclamation  I  have  charged  the  M'^  to  Ryde  in  the  Downes  till  he  send 
away  postlemy  *  *  *  to  know  what  she  will  have  done  with  hir 
*  *  *  part  of  an  honest  man  *  *  *  therein  I  have  en  *  *  * 
paines  w'^'^  is  all  the  charge  she  *  *  *  the  transportation  of 
2300^i  of  to  *  *  *  companyes  pryse  woulde  have  cost  *  *  * 
herewith  was  ready  to  hir  Ladiship  a  *  *  *  shall  ever  be  bound  to 
doe  in  regard     *     *     *    love  and  service  I  owght  vnto  that     *     *     * 

1619  127 

Sir  Tho  Dale  whose  losse  I  lament  *  *  *  plantation  hauing  lost  a 
worthy  and  goo     *     *     *  ^ 

[3'']  The  deere  for  his  Maiesty  I  mentioned  are  now  sent  home  in  my 
owne  ship  pray  god  they  may  safly  arrive  and  be  dehvered. 

Your  letters  by  this  ship  the  Bona  Nova  I  have  received  the  contents 
wherof  I  will  not  fayle  to  follow  with  my  best  endevors,  desiring  nothing 
more  when  I  have  done  all  I  can  doe  but  the  good  acceptance  of  the  Com- 
pany who  I  have  served  allwayes  with  my  best  strengh  and  care,  and 
now  since  it  hath  pleased  god  to  dispose  of  the  buisines  into  the  hands  of 
my  most  honored  Lord  of  Sowthampton  wherein  every  good  man  hath 
cause  to  reioyce,  I  for  my  part  shall  and  will  be  both  ready  and  willing  to 
put  in  practice  and  pforme  with  my  best  witt  and  skill  all  such  his  Lord- 
ships comands  and  directions  as  I  shall  receave  both  §fro§  him  selfe  and 
the  Company,  but  what  am  I  that  I  should  be  able  to  doe  any  thing 
against  w"^  the  Lord  of  Lords  hath  otherwise  disposed,  or  what  are  wee 
all,  that  we  should  gaynesay  the  Allmyghty,  and  allthough  as  I  doe 
acknowlege  all  things  have  bin  most  effectually  and  wisly  piected  yett 
yf  the  Lord  will  lay  his  hand  vpon  vs  and  cross  vs  with  sickness  and 
mortality,  and  soe  apoynt  in  his  pvidence  a  longer  tyme  for  the  brmging 
those  matters  to  pass  w'=''  are  by  man  determined  of,  what  then  shall  he 
say  vnto  these  things  but  that  it  is  the  Lo.rd  lett  him  doe  what  he  please, 
and  allthough  he  kill  yett  still  to  trust  in  him,  not  doubting  but  there  is 
a  tyme  wherein  he  will  be  mercifuU,  for  my  part  as  I  know  my  consience 
to  be  cleare  ffro  any  necglect  in  me  of  what  I  have  bin  able  to  doe  to  the 
vttmost  §of  my§  power,  soe  will  I  not  Justify  my  selfe  but  that  my  sins 
and  vnworthynes  have  gone  together  with  the  rest  both  of  the  people 
§here§  and  company  at  home  *  *  *  might  have  desended  *  *  * 
can  work  *  *  *  ed  but  repent  amend  and  yceed  *  *  *  ty, 
wayting  gods  leysure,  and  not  hasty  *  *  *  ur  owne  Imaginations,  for 
things  to  be  *  *  *  are  theire  tyme,  though  man  phaps  con  *  *  * 
it  done,  and  the  best  workes  have  had  *  *  *  g^  what  by  the  care  of 
man  may  be  pven  *  *  *  be  ready  to  be  with  you  waking  vsing  my 
*  *  *  s  and  will  not  lett  in  all  to  doe  the  part  of  a  man  but  I  had  need 
doe  more. 

'  The  sheet  is  partially  torn  away. 


No  man  shall  more  desire  to  win  the  ffavor  of  so  Noble  a  pson  as  my 
Lord  of  Southampton,  but  it  will  not  ly  in  my  power  to  deserve  it  yf  it 
shall  be  expected  I  should  pforme  what  ever  is  piected,  but  one  thing  I 
shall  be  willing  to  pmise  and  humbly  to  pforme  to  doe  my  best  not  to 
fayle,  even  so  long  till  I  fayle  of  lyfe  yf  y*  may  give  content,  yf  not  I 
know  I  shall  aprove  therein  my  selfe  to  god,  and  so  will  rest  never  to 
rest  laboring  to  my  power  in  this  worke,  I  would  you  knew  and  saw 
both  all  my  deeds  and  thoughts  herein,  then  I  am  sure  though  I  were 
not  rewarded  I  should  not  be  blamed  the  gent  you  name  in  your  letter 
are  all  dead  except  M''  Sandis  who  hath  bin  visited  with  long  sicknes 
but  now  thankes  be  to  god  is  well  recovered,  I  doubt  not  but  he  will 
pove  a  worthy  member  the  people  where  he  liveth  take  great  hking  to 
him,  and  I  Assure  §you  Sir§  he  is  most  faythfully  affected  to  his  study, 
and  doth  deserve  to  be  beloved,  what  will  become  of  the  Iron  workes 
I  know  not  all  the  principall  officers  and  Cheife  men  being  dead  we  are 
now  in  hand  to  doe  what  possible  we  can  with  Cap*  Blevets  Company 
having  found  an  excellent  water  and  good  oare,  yet  without  suply  of 
good  vnderstanding  worke''^  and  good  Capinters  there  being  very  few 
left  we  shall  doe  littell  yf  the  Company  please  to  suply  I  dare  now 
bouldly  §say§  theire  shall  not  want  matter  to  sett  the  men  aworke  meane 
tyme  we  doe  what  we  can  to  make  things  ready  with  buildg  of  howses 
to  entertayne  more  men,  my  care  for  that  bivsines  of  S.  H.  [or  H.]  I  assure 
you  is  not  smale,  I  am  now  removed  thether  and  my  eye  shall  be  ever 
plsent.  The  Spirituall  vine  you  speake  of  will  not  so  sodaynly  be  planted 
as  it  may  be  desired,  the  Indians  being  very  loath  vpon  any  tearmes  to 
part  with  theire  children,  the  best  course  I  could  devise  herein  to  draw 
the  people  in  to  live  amongst  vs,  was  that  Opachankeno  would  apoynt 
and  Cuse  out  so  many  p  *  *  *  families,  as  that  in  every  Corporation 
and  prea  *  *  *  plantation  there  myght  be  placed  a  howshould  pmising 
him  they  should  have  howses  built  in  every  place  and  ground  to  sett 
Corne  and  plant  vpon  to  w"^  he  willingly  condisended  and  pmised  he 
would  apoynt  the  ffamiUes  that  should  remove  to  vs,  w"^  yf  he  doe  we 
shall  then  both  have  [4*']  the  opertunity  to  Instruct  theire  Children,  and 
theire  parents  living  amongst  vs  may  have  theire  Children  live  with 
selves,  and  allso  will  by  theire  owne  labors  havmg  ground  to  manure 
mayntayne  theire  owne  ffamiUes  with  Corne,    so  yf  the  Company  please 

1619  129 

for  the  encoragment  of  the  to  live  with  vs,  to  allov  the  some  aparel  and 
cattell  and  such  other  nessisaryes  it  will  be  a  means  to  begett  in  them  a 
good  affection  to  continew  the  selves  with  vs  and  to  draw  in  others  who 
shall  see  the  live  so  hapily,  what  other  course  to  take,  I  can  not  yett 
resolue,  yet  will  I  doe  my  best  to  purchase  some  Children  to  that  nomber 
yf  I  may  acording  to  your  former  Directions,  as  like  wise  by  putting  some 
of  the  Companyes  boyes  amog  the  to  learne  the  Language,  I  find  Cap* 
Nuce  and  his  wyf  to  deserve  your  Comendations  and  will  therein  doe 
acording  to  your  Desire  as  allso  my  wyf  in  Duty  to  your  good  Lady  will 
be  ready  to  doe  M'^  Nuce  all  the  pleasure  she  is  able,  herein  I  must 
beseech  you  to  excuse  both  me  and  my  wyfe  in  that  we  have  not  retorned 
answer  to  those  Letters  wee  have  received  fro  your  vertuous  Lady  who 
we  both  honour,  in  the  meane  tyme  in  my  wyfes  name  I  doe  retorne 
most  harty  thankes  to  my  Lady  for  *  *  *  The  ]5]sent  my  wyfe  receaved 
fro  hir  Ladiship  by  M"  Nuce  entending  not  to  fayle  but  by  the  Bona 
Nova  to  retorne  more  humble  thankes  by  our  letters  The  service  reco- 
mended  vnto  me  by  you  fro  the  Countes  Dowager  of  Pembrok  I  will  not 
fayle  to  pforme  by  the  Bona  Nova  and  to  wryght  thereof,  the  Dutchme 
now  come  have  sought  all  these  partes  about  the  teritories  of  Elisabeth 
Cyty  and  cannott  fynd  a  place  fhtting  for  water  streame  to  sett  vp  theire 
workes,  att  my  going  vp  hence  I  resolve  to  take  the  *  *  *  with  me 
to  lett  the  see  yf  that  water  wherewith  we  entend  to  sett  the  Iron  worke 
with  Cap*  Blevets  people  will  serve  the  for  theire  milles  yf  it  will  I  entend 
to  seat  the  there  and  to  give  the  the  best  helpe  I  can,  but  how  ever  they 
must  have  a  fitt  water  before  they  can  doe  any  thing  I  doubt  not  but 
this  will  ffitt  the  excellent  well. 

[No  signature.] 


LII.  Indenture  between  Sir  William  Throckmorton,  Sir  George 
Yardley,  Richard  Berkeley,  and  John  Smyth,  and  the  Vir- 
ginia Company 

February  3,  1618/19 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  Smyth  3  (4),  pp.  53-58 

Document  in  the  New  York  Public  Library.     A  Contemporary  Copy 

List  of  Records  No.  97 

[53]  This  Indenture  made  the  third  day  of  ffebruary  in  the  yeares  of  the 
raigne  of  our  sou^aigne  lord  James  by  the  grace  of  god  of  England  Scot- 
land ff ranee  and  Ireland  kinge  defender  of  the  fayth  &c.  That  is  to  say, 
in  the  j^eare  of  his  raigne  of  England  ffrance  and  Ireland  the  sixteenth  and 
of  Scotland  the  lij""  Betwene  the  Treasorer  and  company  of  Adven- 
turers and  planters  of  the  City  of  London  for  the  first  colony  in  Virginia 
with  the  advise  and  consent  of  the  counsell  of  the  same  of  the  one  pte, 
And  S""  Wiltm  Throkm9ton  of  Clowerwall  in  the  County  of  Glouc  knight 
and  baronet,  S''  George  Yardley  nowe  governor  of  Virginia  knight  Richard 
Berkeley  of  Stoke  George  Thorpe  of  Wanswell  and  John  Smyth  of  North- 
nibley  in  the  said  county  of  Glouc  Esquiers  free  of  the  said  company  of 
Virginia  and  who  have  seu^ally  adventured  for  their  seu^aU  shares  here- 
after menconed  and  for  eu^y  of  the  said  shares,  either  they  or  those  whose 
estates  they  nowe  have  or  shall  have,  have  payd  or  are  to  pay  withm  one 
yeare  after  the  date  hereof — xij^'  x'  That  is  to  say  The  said  S""  Witlm 
Throkm9ton  for  ten  shares  S''  George  Yardley  for  five  shares  Richard 
Berkley  for  ten  shares  George  Thrope  for  ten  shares  John  Smyth  for 
ten  shares  of  the  other  pte.  Witnesseth  That  wheras  the  said  S*"  Wittm 
Throkm9ton  S''  George  Yardley  Richard  Berkeley  George  Thorpe  and 
John  Smyth  have  vndertaken  to  the  said  Treasorer  and  company  to 
transport  at  their  owne  cost^  and  charges  divers  psons  into  Virginia,  And 
there  to  erect  and  build  a  Towne  and  settle  and  plant  dyu^s  inhabitants 
there  for  the  advancement  of  the  generall  plantacon  of  that  country. 
Nowe  the  said  Treasorer  and  company  with  the  consent  of  the  said  coun- 
seU  in  Consideracon  therof  and  for  the  furtherance  of  the  said  plantacon 
and  incouragem'  of  the  said  adventurers,  have  agreed  to  assigne  allot  and 
appoynt  to  every  of  the  said  seu^all  adventurers  one  hundred  acres  of 
ground  for  eu9y  single  share  of  his  seu9all  adventure  besides  dyu^s  other 
priviledges  liberties  and  comodyties  hereafter  menconed.     And  to  that 

FEBRUARY  S,  1618/19  131 

intent  they  have  granted  allotted  assigned  and  confirmed  And  by  theis 
l5sents  doe  grant  allot  assigne  and  confirme  vnto  the  said  S'  Wittm  Throk- 
m9ton  S"  George  Yardley  Richard  Berkeley  George  Thorpe  and  John 
Smyth  their  heires  and  assignes  and  the  [54]  heires  and  assignes  of  every  of 
them  seu9ally  and  respectively  accordinge  to  their  seu9all  shares,  One 
hundred  acres  of  land  in  Virginia  for  eii9y  of  his  and  their  §seu9all§  single 
shares  of  xij"  x^  above  menconed  to  have  bene  by  him  them  and  eu9y  of 
them  payd  and  adventured  in  manner  aforesaid  towards  the  same  plan- 
tacon  The  same  land  to  bee  taken  and  chosen  by  them  their  deputies  or 
assignes,  with  the  privity  and  allowance  of  the  governor  and  Counsell  of 
State  in  Virginia  residinge,  in  any  place  or  places  whersoever  not  already 
or  heretofore  inhabited  by  any  Englishe  and  wherin  noe  English  pson  or 
psons  are  already  placed  or  setled,  or  have  by  order  of  court  made  choyce 
of,  nor  within  ten  miles  of  the  same  vnles  the  same  bee  on  the  opposite 
side  of  some  great  and  navigable  ryver  to  the  former  pticuler  plantacons 
Togeather  with  the  one  halfe  of  the  ryver  or  ryvers  That  is  to  say  to  the 
middest  thereof,  as  shall  adioyne  to  such  land  as  they  shall  make  choyce 
of,  Togeather  with  all  such  liberties  priviledges  profits  and  comodyties 
as  the  said  land  and  ryvers  w""^  they  shall  make  choyce  of  shall  yeald, 
and  in  as  ample  and  benefitiall  manner  as  have  bene  heretofore  granted 
to  any  other  Adventurers  or  Vndertakers  whatsoever.  And  forasmuch 
as  the  said  S""  Wittm  Throkm9ton  S'  George  Yardley  Richard  Berkeley 
George  Thorpe  and  John  Smyth  the  adventurers  aforesaid  intend  and 
have  vndertaken  to  place  preachers,  build  churches  schoolhouses  and 
such  like  workes  of  charity  In  regard  wherof  and  to  th'end  the  said  Adven- 
turers their  heires  and  assignes  may  have  wherwithall  to  beare  and  support 
such  hke  charges,  Therfore  the  said  Treasorer  and  company  with  the 
consent  of  the  Counsell  aforesaid  doe  grant  vnto  the  said  adventurers 
their  heires  and  assignes  fifteene  hundred  acres  of  land  more  over  and  above 
the  said  proporcon  of  one  hundred  acres  for  a  single  [55]  share,  to  bee 
imployed  vpon  such  publike  vses  as  the  said  adventurers  their  heires  and 
assignes  shall  thinke  fit.  And  they  doe  further  grant  to  the  said  Adven- 
turers their  heires  and  assignes  That  for  eu9y  pson  that  they  or  any  of 
them  shall  transport  at  their  owne  proper  cost^  and  charges  into  Virginia 
either  vnto  the  lands  hereby  granted  or  adioyninge  vnto  them  w*'^in  seaven 
yeares  after  the  feast  of  S*  John  baptist  last  past,  if  the  said  pson  trans- 


ported  contynue  there  three  wholl  yeares  either  at  one  or  seu^all  tymes, 
or  dye  in  the  meane  season  after  hee  is  shipped  with  intent  there  to  inhabit, 
That  the  said  pson  or  psons  that  shall  soe  at  his  or  their  owne  charge 
transport  any  other,  shall  have  granted  and  allowed  vnto  hira  and  them 
and  his  and  their  heires  respectively  for  every  pson  soe  transported  fifty 
acres  of  land,  And  also  that  eu^y  other  pson  or  psons  who  by  contract  & 
agreem*  to  bee  had  and  made  with  the  said  Adventurers  shall  at  his  and 
their  owne  charge  transport  him  and  themselves  or  any  other,  and  settle 
and  plant  themselves  in  Virginia  within  the  said  seaven  yeares  for  three 
yeares  space  as  aforesaid,  or  dye  in  the  meane  tyme,  shall  have  granted 
and  allowed  vnto  eu9y  such  pson  soe  transportinge  or  transported  and 
his  and  their  heires  respectively  fifty  acres  of  land  over  and  above  the 
proporcon  abovesaid,  the  same  to  bee  by  him  and  them  or  their  heires  or 
assignes  chosen  in  any  one  entire  place  togeather,  adioyninge  to  the  fore- 
said lands  and  not  straglingly  nor  before  the  tyme  of  such  choyce  made, 
possessed  or  inhabited  by  any  Englishe  company  or  within  ten  myles  of 
the  same  (except  it  bee  on  the  opposite  side  of  the  ryver  as  aforesaid) 
Yealdinge  and  payinge  vnto  the  said  Treasorer  and  company  and  their 
successors  for  eu9y  fifty  acres  soe  obtayned  and  possessed  by  those  said 
other  psons  and  their  heires  who  by  contract  as  aforesaid  shall  at  their 
owne  charges  transport  themselves  or  others,  the  yearly  rent  of  twelve 
pence  at  the  feast  of  S*  Michaell  Tharkangell  to  the  hand  of  the  rent 
gatherer  of  the  said  Treasorer  and  company  and  their  successors  for  ever. 
To  begin  after  th'expiracon  of  the  first  six  yeares  next  after  the  date  hereof. 
And  [56]  further  it  shall  bee  lawfull  to  and  for  the  said  adventurers  their 
heires  and  assignes  and  their  tenants  and  servants  and  such  as  they  or 
any  of  them  shall  contract  with  as  aforesaid  and  send  and  imploy  for 
the  said  plantacon  to  goe  and  returne,  trade  and  traffique  import  &  trans- 
port their  goods  and  marchandizes  at  their  will  and  pleasure  payinge 
onely  such  duties  to  the  kings  Ma*'*"  his  heires  and  successors  as  the  com- 
pany of  Virginia  doe  pay  without  any  other  taxes,  imposicons,  burdens  or 
restraints  vpon  them  to  bee  imposed  otherwise  then  by  the  grant  and 
consent  of  the  generall  Colony  in  Virginia  and  for  the  pubUque  necessary 
service  of  the  plantacon.  And  it  is  further  granted  and  agreed  that  the 
pson  soe  to  bee  transported  shall  not  bee  taken  away  nor  comaunded 
eyther  by  the  governor  for  the  tyme  beinge  of  Virginia  or  any  other 

FEBRUARYS,  1618/19  133 

authority  there  from  the  busines  and  imployment  of  the  said  Adven- 
turers their  heires  or  assignes  and  others  contracted  with  or  imployed  as 
aforesaid  vpon  any  |)ltence  whatsoever  (necessary  defence  of  the  Country 
plservacon  of  the  peace,  suppressinge  tumults  arysinge  within  the  land 
and  tryals  of  matters  of  Justice  by  appeale  or  otherwise  by  order  from 
the  said  Treasorer  a«d  company  and  Counsell  of  Virginia  hereafter  to  be 
established  onely  excepted)  And  the  said  Treasorer  and  company  w'*" 
consent  of  the  counsell  aforesaid  doe  covenant  and  promise  to  and  with 
the  said  Adventurers  their  heires  and  assignes  That  vpon  a  survey  to  be 
had  and  made  by  the  said  adventurers  and  true  informacon  given  of  the 
bounds  meetes  and  quantity  of  the  lands  soe  as  aforesaid  to  bee  by  them 
chosen  and  possessed,  They  the  said  Treasorer  and  company  vpon  sur- 
render of  this  jSlsent  grant  and  Indenture  and  vpon  reasonable  request  to 
bee  made  by  the  said  Adventurers  their  heires  or  assignes  within  seaven 
yeares  nowe  next  cominge,  shall  and  will  by  their  Deed  Indented  and 
vnder  their  comon  seale  grant  enfeoffe  and  confirme  all  or  any  the  said 
lands  soe  let  out  and  bounded  as  aforesaid  to  the  said  Adventurers  their 
heires  and  assignes  in  as  large  and  benefitiall  manner  as  the  same  are  in 
their  ji^sents  granted  or  intended  to  bee  granted  to  all  intents  and  purposes 
And  shall  [57]  also  within  the  said  terme  of  seaven  yeares  grant  to  them  the 
said  Adventurers  their  heires  and  assignes  tres  and  grants  of  incorporacon 
by  some  vsual  or  fit  name  or  title,  with  liberty  to  them  and  their  suc- 
cessors from  tyme  to  tyme  to  frame  and  make  orders  ordinances  and 
constitutions  for  the  rule  governem*  orderinge  and  directinge  of  all  [sorts] 
psons  to  be  transported  and  setled  vpon  the  lands  hereby  intended  to  bee 
granted,  or  hereafter  to  bee  granted,  and  of  the  said  lands  and  profits 
theirby  arisinge,  Soe  that  the  said  orders  ordinances  and  constitutions 
bee  not  repugnant  to  the  lawes  of  England  or  to  the  forme  of  gou9nement 
by  the  said  Treasorer  eofftpafty  Counsell  and  company  to  bee  established 
(ordinary  appeales  to  the  supreame  Courts  onely  excepted)  And  lastly  the 
said  Treasorer  and  company  with  the  assent  aforesaid  doe  grant  and  agree 
to  and  with  the  said  Adventurers  and  others  contracted  with  and  imployed 
as  aforesaid  their  heires  and  assignes,  That  when  they  have  planted  and 
peopled  the  lands  hereby  to  them  assigned  and  appoynted  That  then  it 
shall  bee  lawfull  for  them  with  the  privity  and  allowance  of  the  governor 
and  Counsell  of  State  as  aforesaid,  to  make  choyce  of  and  to  enter  into 


and  to  have  as  much  more  land  in  Virginia  as  herein  contayned  with  hke 
priviledges  as  are  above  granted,  to  bee  had  and  chosen  in  such  place  and 
places  where  noe  EngHshe  shall  bee  then  setled  or  inhabited,  or  made 
choyce  of,  And  the  same  entred  into  the  book  of  Actes  at  the  tyme  of  such 
choyce  to  bee  soe  made  or  within  ten  myles  of  the  same  (exceptinge  the 
opposite  side  of  a  great  and  navigable  ryver  as  aforesaid.)  And  the  said 
Adventurers  for  them  their  heires  and  assignes  doe  covenant  and  grant 
promise  to  and  with  the  said  Treasorer  and  company  That  they  from  tyme 
to  tyme  duringe  the  said  seaven  yeares  shall  make  a  true  certificat  to  the 
said  Treasorer  company  and  counsell  from  the  cheife  officer  or  officers  of 
the  places  respectively  of  every  pson  transported  and  landed  in  [58]  Virginia 
or  shipped  as  aforesaid  to  be  entred  by  the  Secretary  of  the  said  Treasorer 
and  company  into  a  register  booke  for  that  purpose  to  bee  kept.  In 
witnes  wherof  the  pties  abovesaid  to  theis  plsent^  have  &  Interchangeably 
put  their  hands  and  seales  the  day  and  yeare  first  above  written,  Annoq^ 
Dm  .1618. 

Sealed  and  delyu^ed  in  the  plsence  of  M""  Treasorer  Counsell  and  company 
in  a  great  and  generall  quarter  court. 

Teste  Henrico  ffotherby  Secretary. 

Note  that  in  the  end  of  the  Indenture  granted  to  WiUm  Tracy  and  his 
associates  and  also  others  sealed  since  this  vnto  vs,  is  a  Covenant  on  the 
pte  of  the  said  grantees.  That  they  and  all  psons  by  them  transported  for 
their  pticular  plantacon,  shall  apply  themselves  and  their  labor  in  a 
large  &  competent  manner  to  the  plantinge  sowinge  settinge  making 
working  and  pcuringe  of  good  and  staple  comodities,  in  and  vpon  the 
lands  granted  vnto  them.  As  namely,  corne,  wine,  oyle,  silk,  HgfasyH  gras, 
hempe,  flax  pitche  and  tarre,  sope  ashes  and  potashes,  iron,  clapborde,  and 
other  materials,  and  the  like.  And  not  wholly  or  cheifly  vpon  Tobacco. 
In  all  other  things  aU  grants  are  aUke  mutatis  mutandis  onely. 

FEBRUARY  15,  1618119  135 

LIII.  Lord  Zouche.  A  Warrant  for  John  Fenner,  Captain  of 
"Silver  Falcon,"  and  Henry  Bacon,  Master,  to  Pass  to 

February  15,  1618/19 

CO.  1,  Vol.  I,  No.  44 

Document  in  Public  Record  Office,  London 

Autograph  Letter,  Signed 

List  of  Records  No.  99 

To  all  me  to  Whom  these  presets  shall  come  greetmg  Knowe  yee  that 
I  Edward  Lord  Zouche  Samctmaure  and  Cantalupe  Custable  of  the  Castle 
of  Doner  Lord  Warden  of  the  Cinque  ports  tow  ancient  townes  and  their 
menbers  and  Admirall  of  the  same  doe  hereby  geue  notice  and  testifye 
that  Captainc  Thomas  Androwcs  §Jh6  Fenner  getlema  who  I  haue  made 
captayne  of  my  pinnace  the  siluer  falcun§  and  Henry  Bacon  Maister  of 
my  J^ftaee  ealled  the  Siluer  Falcon  §the  same§  are  by  gods  assistance  to 
passe  into  Vie§r§ginia  to  make  trade  there  both  w*^  ower  coiitryme  there 
planted  and  w*""  the  sauadges  of  those  partes  for  the  better  imployment 
of  the  said  Pinace  as  also  to  sett  ower  Marine  men  on  Worke  and  df  §to§ 
drawe  trade  unto  the  ports  where  the  people  there  doe  want  imployment 
these  therfore  are  to  pray  all  sutch  to  who  it  shall  apartayne  to  fetrfe 
§permitt§  the  said  Pinace  Captaine  and  Maister  w*^  all  theire  furniture 
prouisios  and  goods  whatsoever  beyng  not  goods  prohibited  by  the  kings 
most  excellent  Maiesty  or  the  lawes  of  this  realme  of  England  fe«%  §and  to 
trade  and  follow  their  affaires§  also  to  be  aiding  and  assisting  to  the  said 
Captaine  and  Maister  in  all  things  wherin  they  shall  haue  need  as  I  shall 
haue  occasion  to  use  them  or  any  of  theirs  in  the  places  wherin  I  serue 
and  be  otherwise  thanckfull  vnto  them  in  any  sorte  lying  w'^in  my  Power 
in  testimony  wherof  I  haue  here  vnto  set  my  hande  and  affixed  the 
of  my  office  this  fe^  of  Dcccbep  thirteenth  §fifteenth  day  ffeb:§  1618 

E.  Zouche. 


[Indorsed  in  another  hand: J  A  Coppie  of  my  lo:  Com  of  his  pinnace  the 
silver  falcon  to  M'  Jo:  ffenn9  &  M""  Bacon  to  goe  into  Virginia.  Dat.  13° 
ffeb:  1618. 

Sa:  Mores 
Sa:  Mores 
Sim:  Mores 

Thomas  Jones 

LIV.   Sir   William  Throckmorton    and  Others.   A   Letter   to  Sir 
George  Yeardley 

February  18,  1618/19 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  4 

Document  in  the  New  York  Pubhc  Library.     A  contemporary  copy 

List  of  Records  No.  100 

To  our  honorable  frend  S"'  George  Yardley  knight  governour  of  Virginia 

geve  this. 
S'  we  hold  it  fit  to  let  you  knowe.  That  since  your  depture  from  England, 
we  have  procured  our  patent  for  plantacon  in  Virginia  (a  copy  whereof 
we  herew**"  send  vnto  you  written  by  the  virginian  boy  of  mee  George 
Thorpe)  wherin  accordinge  to  your  agreement  with  mee  George  Thorpe, 
your  name  is  vsed  for  five  shares,  done  by  the  advise  of  S''  Edwme  Sands, 
but  if  you  please  to  cast  more  of  your  shares  amongst  vs  (w"^  we  also  wish) 
we  shall  willingly  assent  their  vnto. 

We  had  also  sent  our  men  and  ship  at  this  tyme,  but  that  it  hath  pleased 
god  to  keep  her  wind  bound  in  Ireland  since  before  your  depture  to  this 
|3sent,  where  yet  shee  remayneth :  By  w'=^  onely  accident  we  have  lost  this 
season,  but  doe  entend  (god  willinge)  that  shee  shall  leave  the  coast  of 
England,  by  the  first  of  August  next  w*""  fifty  men  furnished  for  that 
cuntry.  And  doe  earnestly  desire  before  that  tyme  (if  possible)  to  vnder- 
stand  from  you  what  proportion  of  victuall  and  munition  will  bee  fit  to 
send  w**"  them. 

APRIL  3,  1619  137 

Of  w"""  ship  and  company  we  hereby  offer  you  a  full  fift  pte  if  it  soe  please 
you  to  accept  thereof,  And  doe  entreat  your  effectuall  furtherance  in  choyce 
of  the  place  where  wee  shall  sit  downe,  and  all  other  favors  whereof  you 
will  bee  pleased  to  make  vs  your  frends  ptakers,  w'=^  we  in  England  shall 
be  most  willinge  to  requite. 

If  of  this  our  offer  you  accept  Then  are  you  to  send  by  the  returne  of  this 
ship  soe  much  good  marchantable  comodyties  as  doth  amount  to  a  fifth 
pte,  An  accompt  of  the  charge  whereof  we  will  send  you  by  the  ship. 
Even  soe  w*''  our  frendly  respects  we  rest 
Yo''  very  lovinge  frends 

W™  Throkmton,  Rich  Berkeley 
Geo.  Thorpe — John  Smyth. 
London.  18.  ffebr.  1618. 

[Indorsed:]  Copy  of  a  tre  to  S""  Geo:  Yardly  m  febf.  1618.  to  Virgin,  from 

LV.  Richard  Berkeley.     A  Letter  to  John  Smyth,  of  Nibley 

April  3,  1619 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  Smyth,  5 

Document  in  the  New  York  Public  Library  (Autograph  Letter,  Signed,  with  Seal) 

List  of  Records  No.  104 

M''  Smyth,  there  is  a  gentleman  my  kinsma,  &,  were  he  not  so,  one  that 
I  hold  worthy  &  fitt,  that  desires  to  aduenture  w*''  vs  to  Virginia,  & 
vpon  my  motion  seemes  wilKng  to  vndertake  y*"  comand  of  o''  men  &  care 
of  o''  coiiion  busines  there,  &  to  accept  a  share  for  y"  yeres  we  continue  a 
ioint  course,  &  those  ended,  a  man  from  each  of  vs  w**"  land  for  him  selfe 
&  those  men.  there  is  also  a  surgeon  of  bristoll,  well  reported  §of§  for 
more  then  ordinary  skill,  that  tenders  hmiselfe  to  goe  in  o'  aduenture. 
I  haue  written  of  them  bothe  to  S'  W""  Throkm'ton  &  my  co:  Thorp,  & 
vpon  answere  from  them  &  you  will  be  Scale  w**"  them  as  I  shall  please 
they  &  you  are  willing  I  should:  &  therefore  entreating  yo'  answere  w**" 
as  much  speed  as  conueinently  you  may,  I  kindly  coinend  me  vnto  you. 
Yo*^  assured  loumg  friend 

Ric:  Berkeley 
Stoke,  Apr  3,  1619 


[Addressed:]  To  my  worthy  good  friend  M'  lohn  Smyth  at  Nibly 
[Indorsed  by  John  Smyth:]  M""  Berkeleys  Ire  about  M'  Chester  to  be 

LVI.  Sir  William  Throckmorton.    A  Letter  to  John  Smyth,  con- 
cerning THE  Plantation  in  Virginia 

April  10,  1619 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  Smyth,  6 

Document  in  the  New  York  PubHc  Library.     Autograph  Letter,  Signed,  with  Seal 

List  of  Records  No.  103 

S''  I  vnderstand  by  this  bearer  that  you  goe  ^feew  towards  London  vpon 
monday  next,  where  I  intend  to  bee  also  (if  please  God)  the  weeke  fol- 
lowing. In  the  mean  time  let  mee  intreat  you  as  soone  as  you  come  vp 
to  desire  my  cosin  Thorpe  to  write  to  mee  some  answear  of  the  letter  I 
wrote  to  him  the  weeke  after  my  last  comming  from  London  concerning 
our  forrest  busines,  that  I  may  vnderstand  beefore  my  going  vp  what  is 
determined  concerning  the  same;  desiring  him  to  send  his  letter  by  some 
messenger  that  may  conveigh  it  hither  to  mee  by  monday  come  senight 
at  the  farthest. 

I  will  leave  order  here  beefore  my  going  vp  for  10"  to  bee  delivered  towards 
the  repairing  and  furnishing  of  our  ship  for  Virginia,  which  is  as  much 
as  my  4'^  part  (by  our  computation)  will  amount  vnto  for  that  charge: 
If  it  shall  exceed  that  computation,  it  shall  bee  afterwards  supplied  for 
my  part  at  my  returne.  I  pray  you  remember  to  help  §mee§  to  12  men 
for  my  part  according  to  your  promise;  for  that  these  parts  are  so  barren 
of  men  fit  for  that  compleiment  that  I  must  wholy  reUe  vpon  your  help 
therein.  I  wish  that  wee  might  all  agree  vpon  the  entertaining  of  my 
cosin  Witt:  Chester  for  our  chief  in  that  busines  vpon  the  conditions 
propownded  by  my  cosin  Berkley;  for  that  I  conceave  the  busines  will 
not  bee  well  ordered  without  the  oversight  of  a  sufficient  man  to  bee  in 
authoritie  over  the  rest:  And  I  thinke  that  the  sparing  him  one  man 
out  of  each  of  our  partes  will  bee  plentifully  recompenced  with  the 
service  hee  will  doe  vs  here  there.     And  therefore  I  pray  you  consider 

APRIL  27,  1619  139 

well  of  it  with  my  cosin  Thorpe.     And  so  with  my  vnfeined  love  vnto 
you  I  leave  you  to  Gods  good  tuition. 
Yours  all  assured 

W  Throkm^ton 

10*''  of  Aprill 

[Addressed:]  To  my  approved  good  frend   lohn   Smith  esq.   at  nibley 

speed  these 

[Indorsed  by  John  Smyth:]  S'  W"'  Throgm9tons  tre  about  M^  W"  Chester 

to  bee  our  cheefe,     Apr.  1619 

[Second  indorsement  by     *     *     *]    M'  Effington  a  pten9.     M'  Wood- 

leefs  tre  &  pposit**^  the  copy  of  the  Invoys  &  mony  about  Walter  copy  & 

others,  tooles:  &  implements. 

LVII.    Sandys,    Harwood,    Worselnham,    Riche,    Johnson.     Draft 
OF  A  Report  of  a  Committee  of  the  Virginia  Company 

April  27,  1619 

Manchester  Papers,  No.  245 

Document  in  Public  Record  Office,  London 

List  of  Records  No.  105 

At  the  meetinge  of  y"  Comittees  §27  Aprill  1619§  appointed  for  the  settinge 
downe  the  seuerall  offices  belonging  to  the  Virginia  Companye  by 
an  order  of  Court  of  the  26  of  this  jMt  Aprill  1619 

S^  Ed.  Sandys  S^  Na.  Riche 

S'  Ed.  Harwood  M''  Alderman  Johnson 

S'  Jo,  Worselnham 

The  seuerall  Officers,  whose  offices  we  conceiue  fitt  to  be  particularized, 
are  these. 

The  Treasuror,  the  Deputie,  the  Counsell,  the  Comittees  the  Auditors, 
the  Secretarye,  the  Booke  Keeper  for  Accompts,  the  Husband,  and  the 
Bedle.    There  is  also  a  Cashyer  who  is  imediatly  the  Treasurors  seruant 


and  by  him  chosen  howsoeuer  as  yet  the  companye  hath  giuen  him  a 
yeareUe  Salary  of  40''  p  An. 

The  Treasurer  in  regard  of  his  Office  we  conceaue  to  be  of  a  double 
Capacitie,  1  as  Gouernour,  2'^  as  Treasurer.    [2]^ 

[3]  5^  gi«e  order  fe?  callingc  §kccpingc§  ef  Courts  &  ift  particular  often 

TXy    «Xk3oUlilKJxt7    llin   V.'tJU.llBUll     VVlUJlll    IIU    To    iTTTrtI    tTT    ttTT    TTt7    1  U^lllXt    ^        I'llUT  U    TTt?    TTtTTTt? 

f\J  "f  n  rv-J-y-l  TTrK  y-^        Q  ll  »  |  |         1^  /~S 'fi       1^  O        m  T  T  >^  y»  *-v /-y  + /^        1  r /^  f\  yA  f-|        Kcj'fo'fcN        ^  i-\  T-*  ■*-\  /-^  -J  >-*  4-  ^         X  X-^  r\?\.       -rre 

t:Tr       f  llUlll       TTTTtT     HTlMlT      TTtTTJ     JJ"      B  VTUl  llUj       uU      IVtTV.  J/"      j^oLt/Ug       >^M  |J|JUHl  lJ>^       >^ IX\!  )g      V 

§yt  no  man  may  Ordinary  Courts,  and  to  assemble  extraordinary  as  occasion  shall   serue 
be  present  when  j^  all  w'^  assemblyes  himselfe  shalbe§le§  hould  the  place  of  President  and 

anything  is  treat-  -,  «•     i         , 

ed  of  we^  con- Moderator 

cernes  thimselfe§ 

He  shall  haue  §only§  a  castinge  voyce 

All  propositions  made  by  any  member  of  y^  Companye  he  shall  either 
putte  to  y^  question,  or  if  theyr  be  any  opposition  then  shall  the  fest 
4em  fifs%  question  fee  vnderstand  the  mynd  of  y^  Court  by  demandinge 
of  them  whither  it  shalbe  putt  to  the  question  or  no,  and  as  y^  greater 
part  shalbe  so  shall  he  proceed:  And  if  he  refuse  to  loose  his  office  and  be 
made  vncapable  for  euer  after  &  then  y''  depute  to  doe  it  if  he  refuse  to 
loose  his  place  &  any  of  y''  Counsell  to  doe  it. 

To  assemble  y''  Counsell  vpon  all  weightie  occasions  to  doe  his  best  y* 
fitt  men  be  chosen,  y*  they  take  theyr  oath,  y*  by  their  aduise  y^  LL^  of 
y**  §priuy§  Counsell  fe  may  be  acquainted  with  businesses  of  major  great 
§ye  Coinittees  to  §est§  importance,  such  especially  as  concerne  y*"  state  in  generall. 

take  Accompt  oi^ 

Husband     whose ' 


To  haue  care  y*  fitt  Comittees  accordinge  to  y"  Contents  of  y*"  Irs  Patents 
be  chosen  and  sworne.    and  keep  theyr  Courts  as  occasion  requires. 

That  y^  Treas.  shall  aske  an  Accompt  to  be  rendred  in  open  Court  by  all 
Comittees  w'^''  shalbe  vpon  particular  occasions  designed. 

That  he  may  if  he  will  be  present  at  y^  meetinge  of  any  Comittee,  prouided 
it  concerne  not  himselfe. 

•  There  follows  a  blank  page. 

2  Probably  shorthand  rather  than  faulty  writing. 

APRIL  27,  1619  141 

He  shall  suffer  no  Patent  to  pass  w"""  hath  not  ben  first  consydered  of 
and  exam^yned  by  a  particular  select  CoiTiittee  and  y"  same  reported  to  y^ 
Court  vnder  theyr  hand. 

[4]  As  Treas: 

he  is  to  stand  charged  with  y^  publick  Treas.  of  y''  Companye  and  to  be 
careful!  to  call  in  all  moneyes  and  debts  w'^^  are  due  d«e  payable  by  or  due 
to  y"  Company 

Not  to  issue  it  but  by  warrant  such  as  y''  Court  shaU  allow  of. 
To  yeald  vp  his  §a  true  &  pfect§  Accompt  of  course  eftee  e«e¥y  §at  then*^ 
of  his§  yeare  w""^  §Accompt§  shalbee  appointed  y«  Wedseftdaj'  fertaigM 
before  y«  day  ef  ycarcly  eleeee»  of  Offieefs  ap^eifffeed  by  y«  te  Patents 
§presented  to  y^  Auditors  to  be  by  them  examyned  14  dayes  before§  & 
vpon  all  occasions  being  dcmandc  §required§  by  y*^  Auditors  of  Counscll 
to  shew  y'^  state  of  y°  Cash,  w  that  is  to  say  what  moneyes  haue  ben 
receaued,  payd  and  rem^. 

That  he  shalbe  particularly  sworne  to  bring  yeald  a  iust  and  true  Accompt. 

In  regard  y°  lotteryes  are  determyned  and  so  y''  Cash  like  to  be  Kttle 
The  reward  of  y^  Cashier  to  be  referred  to  y^  Q«a  last  q'  Court  §which§ 
vpon  y°  dclyucric  §passing§  vp  of  y''  Treas.  Accompt  shall  giue  order  of  a 
reward  conuenient  to  y''  paynes  w''*'  it  shall  appeare  y*"  sayd  Cashier  hath 
taken  for  y*  yeare. 

It  was  conceaued  in  generall  that  a4i  Offiee  y**  Gouernor  and  Deputie  doe 
not  contynew  in  his  place  and  office  for  aboue  3  yeares. 

&  that  for  these  reasons.  1  y*  y^  burthen  thereof  may  not  alwayes  rest 
vpon  2:  for  y*  it  may  be  done  without  touch  or  imputation  to  any  y* 
haue  hold  those  places.  3.  to  auoyd  too  much  dependanc  4  to  breed 
§vp§  more  men  fitt  for  y"  place. 

[5]  The  Deputie 

In  y^  Treas.  absence  to  pforme  his  office  for  §all§  matters  of  Court  & 
Counsell  §w°^  doe  concerne  y''  Treas.  as  Gouernor§  &  in  his  presence  to 
assist  him. 

1282—33 11 


That  y®  Deputie  shall  ouersee  y°  Secretarye,  y*  §&  cause  him  to  enter§ 
y^  orders  &  resolutions  of  y^  Court  ffiay  fee  entered  accordinge  te  §as§  y« 
Se  shalbe  agreed  fey  y«  §in  [pn]vy§  Court  and  see  that  y^  sayd  Bookes  be 
fayrely  engroced  §y*§  all  letters  to  &  from  y''  Companye  to  be  registred 
and  to  cndito  §see  y'§  such  letters  as  shalbe  ordered  by  y"  Court  for  y^ 
publick  may  be  enditcd  drawne  and  prepared  for  y^  Court. 
Generally  to  ouersee  all  inferior  officers  y*ei  pforme  theyr  dutyes. 
5%e  Dcputyc  to  feaiie  a  spcciaM  charge  el  y®  Coinittcos 
To  keep  the  Court  of  Comittees  §vpon  all  occasions§ 

To  suffer  no  warrants  to  be  made  and  signed  for  issuinge  of  monye  but 
in  y^  open  Court  of  Comittees  after  examinacon  of  y^  cause. 

The  Counsell  aed  ComittccQ 

That  a  Register  of  y''  Counsell  be  kept  and  read  euery  q''  Court,  that 
they  may  be  required  to  attend,  and  if  there  be  any  want,  then  to  be 
supplyed  ef  §with§  such  men  of  aMitye  qualitye  &  sufficiencye  as  will 
attend  y*  service:  That  they  may  be  warned  all  to  come  and  take  theyr 
Oathes  of  ete  to  fee  discharged  §and  theyr  cheife  care  shalbe  together  w*^ 
y®  Treas.  or  his  Deputie  to  make  orders  and  lawes  for  y''  well  ordering  of 
y"  Company  her[e]  &  ye  Colonyes  there  in  Virguiia.§ 

The  Comittees 

That  euery  yeare  6  new,  shalbe  chosen,  &  6  of  y""  old  p«tt  out  §dismissed§. 
To  deale  in  all  businesses  of  buymg  &  selling  for  y^  Company  for  hyringe 
and  furnishinge  of  shipps  that  are  fe?  inployed  for  y^  Companye  and 
prouidinge  of  all  necessaryes  &c.  to  be  sent  thither  &  §to§  regardiftge 
the  bestowinge  &  safe  keepinge  of  such  Comodityes  as  shalbe  retourned 
to  be  layd  vp  where  y^  Company  shall  appoint. 

In  generall  faythfuUy  to  pforme  such  things  as  shalbe  coiTiitted  to  them 
by  y^  Gouernor  Deputy  &  Companye. 

That  they  be  carefull  to  appoint  2  or  3  at  least  among  themselues  who 
may  shall  alwayes  be  present  at  y^  buying  of  all  prouisions  for  y®  Com- 
pany by  y"*  Husb.  &  y*  no  prices  be  agreed  vpon  without  such  consent  &c. 

APRIL  27,  1619  143 

[6]  for  y^  Auditors 

It  is  referred  to  S""  Ed:  Sandys  to  propound  such  rules  as  he  holds  fitt  to 
be  obserued  in  y^  execution  of  that  office,  for  y'  he  hath  ben  long  acquainted 
with  it  &c. 

The  Secretary 
This  is  referred  to  y®  an  order  of  Court  already  made  for  y*  purpose  w°^^^^^f  ^'  ^"   „„,. 

1  Ti  1  •(•  •        1  111  Secretary...  20" 

IS  to  morrow  to  be  presented  to  y"^  Lis.  and  ii  occasion  be  to  add  or  change.  Beadie 40" 

Husband 50" 

The  Booke  keeper  Bookekeep..  50 

We  thinkc  fitt  to  fett  t-feis  office  {"es*  as  hitherto  he  hatho  done  oftly 
this  ^frt  Officer  *e  fee  cnioyad  forthwith  tie  attend  y«  Auditorsa  w**  ftU 
nio  i  vccoiiiki'tv 

Th^  Auditora  §booke  keeper§  shall  receaue  his  charge  from  y^  Auditors  and 
receaue  Salarye  at  y^  yeares  end  as  y"  Auditors  shall  find  his  paynes  to 
deserve.  This  officer  to  be  sworne  to  deale  iustly  and  truly  in  his  place, 
to  conceale  nothinge  y*  may  serue  for  y^  clearing  of  y^  Accompts. 

The  Husband  beeuig  sworne 

Is  to  be  directed  in  his  office  by  y''  Treas.  Dep.  and  §atandingc§  Comittees 
to  keepe  his  Accompts  exactly  &  to  bring  then  in  first  to  be  allowed  by 
y^  Dep.  and  Comittees  or  vnder  y^  hands  of  3  or  more  of  them,  and  then 
to  be  cxamyncd  aftd  reported  §presented§  to  y^  Court  fey  y^  Auditors 

The  Hu 

The  Beadle 

To  be  at  Com*^  of  Tres.  Dep.  &  Courts 

Generall  consyderacons 

1.  That  all  officers  be  sworne. 

2  That  at  y^  yeares  end  e«eiy  effieef  shali  g«ie  aa  Accompt  of  his  ^^«^  ^^ °J"^  °  o*^^°20o 
{md\^  cither  fey  wefd  er  m  \\Titingc  §the  Treas.  shall  delyuer  y''  state  of  Nut  at  y'  rate 

"  [a]re    together 

1  Erased  before  the  rest  of  the  phrase.  240000*1 


y*  plantacon  &  the  Auditors  y^  stat  of  y^  Cash  &  Accompts§  and  hau- 
inge  so  done  he  shall  withdrawe  §t§hi§e§  mselfe§s§  tyll  himselfe  or  a  new 
be  chosen 

3  That  Treas.  and  Deputy  §here§  and  y.  Gouernor  and  all  principall 
officers  in  Virginia  to  be  chosen  by  y^  ballading  box  &  it  is  thought  fitt  if 
y^  LL^  consent  to  prouide  one  against  to  morrow. 

[7]  Yo"  shall  sweare  to  be  true  and  faythfuU  to  o""  Soueraigne  L.  the  King 
his  heyres  and  Successors,  you  shall  truly  and  faythfully  performe  all 
matters  belonging  to  y'  office  so  much  as  shall  lye  in  yo''  power  vnless  you 
shall  haue  a  lawfull  and  iustifieable  excuse,  or  be  otherwise  dispensed 
with  by  a  generall  Court.  You  shall  giue  vp  a  true  and  iust  Accompt  of 
all  such  moneyes  and  goods  belonging  to  the  Companye,  or  to  the  Colonye 
of  Virginia  as  shall  come  to  your  hands  accordinge  to  the  order  of  the 

Yo"  shall  practise  no  hurt  or  danger  to  y^  Plantation  of  Virginia  nor 
§what  in  yo"  lyes§  suffer  it  to  be  done  by  any  other,  but  shall  hjnider  or 
discouer  it  §to  some  one  or  more  of  y^  Councell  ^§  (to  the  Gouerno'"  or 
Depute)  to  y"  vtmost  of  yo''  power    So  helpe  yo"  God. 

[Indorsed:]  Description  of  y^  pticular  dutyes  belonging  to  y^  seuerall 
officers  of  the  Virgmia  Companj'^e  Ap:  27.  1619 

'  Entered  in  margin. 

JUNE  17, 1619  145 

LVIII.  Treasurer  and  Council   for  Virginia.    A  Commission   to 
William  Wye 

June  17,  1619 

Admiralty  Court,  Instance  and  Prize,  Libels  80,  No.  123 

Document  in  the  Public  Record  Office,  London,  in  the  records  of  the  suit  of  the 

Virginia  Company  with  Wye,  1620 

List  of  Records  No.  110 

Prima  schedula  de  qua  fit  menco  in  artis  pntibus  annexis 

A  Comission  granted  by  vs  the  Treasurer  Counsell  and  Company  for 
Virginia  vnto  our  loving  freind  Wiltm  Wye  for  a  voyage  intended  to 

Whereas  wee  the  Treasurer  Counsell  and  company  for  Virginia  for  the 
better  advancem*  and  support  of  that  plantation  have  w**"  very  good  liking 
geven  o''  consent  to  have  such  as  have  furnished  out  one  good  shipp  called 
the  Garland  of  London  of  the  burden  of  two  hundred  and  fifty  Tunnes  or 
thereabouts  to  passe  w*""  all  convenient  expidition  vnto  the  Colonies 
there  planted,  Wiltm  Wye  being  ordeyned  M""  and  captaine  thereof,  and 
to  coiTiand  and  govern  the  said  shipp  and  marriners  as  allsoe  all  the 
passengers  aswell  such  as  are  shipped  for  the  Somer  Hands  to  be  landed 
there  in  the  voyage  outward  bound  being  one  hundred  and  thirty  persons 
in  number  as  allsoe  such  others  as  are  putt  abord  to  be  transported  for  a 
particuler  plantation  intended  in  Virginia  together  w*"*  those  necessarie 
pvisions  of  all  kinds  shipped  by  sundry  Adventurers  for  the  vse  and 
supply  of  theyr  Tena'^ntS  heretofore  and  now  to  be  planted  in  every  of 
the  said  Colonies  Wee  doe  therfore  hereby  Charge  him  to  take  his  direct 
course  (according  to  his  best  skill  and  knowledg)  vnto  the  said  plantacons, 
and  first  to  putt  on  land  the  said  passengers  appointed  for  the  Somer 
Hands,  and  to  deliver  them  safely  to  the  charge  of  Captaine  Miles  Kendall 
Deputy  Governo''  or  to  such  other  comaunder  as  he  shall  finde  there 
p'sent  w**"  all  their  pvisions  belonging  vnto  them.  And  the  rest  being 
forty  persons  to  land  them  in  Virginia,  and  to  coiTiitt  them  and  all  goods 
shipped  for  their  vse  to  the  Governm*  and  disposing  first  of  Willm  fferrar 
Esquire  if  he  be  there  resident,  if  otherwise  to  the  charge  of  captaine 
ffrancis  Whitney  Esquire  now  imbarqued  for  the  voyage,  and  in  default 


of  both  to  the  comaimd  of  S'  George  Yardly  knight  Governo''  and  Captaine 
generall  of  Virginia  to  be  by  him  disposed  of  and  imployed  according  to 
such  Direccons  as  from  hence  he  shalbe  advised  vnto  Streightly  charging 
and  comaunding  the  said  Wiltm  Wye  to  sett  sayle  from  England  w**"  the 
first  opportunity  of  winde,  and  to  make  all  possible  speed  he  may  to  the 
port^  intended,  and  not  to  interrupt  any  shipping  of  the  subiect^  of  any  his 
jyfg^ties  freind^  or  allies  or  any  other  whatsoever  during  his  said  voyage. 
But  if  he  shalbe  chased  or  encountred  by  any  man  of  warr  or  other  saiie 
whatsoever  that  shall  goe  about  to  hinder  his  pceedingC  or  doe  him  any 
violence  In  such  cases  according  to  the  power  granted  to  vs  by  his  Ma*''' 
we  will  and  comaund  him  w***  all  his  power  and  vttermost  endevour  to 
repell  resist  and  defend  himselfe  and  our  honors  against  the  vniust  force 
of  what  nation  soever  aswell  in  his  passage  outwardC  and  homewards  as 
in  all  our  harbors  and  rivers  members  of  the  Territories  of  our  Plantation. 
And  this  our  Comission  shalbe  his  sufficient  warrant  herein.  In  witnes 
wherevnto  we  have  herevnto  annexed  o""  comon  seale. 

Dated  this  seaventeenth  Day  of  June  1^^ 5  And  in  the  yeers  of  the  raigne 
of  our  soveraigne  Lord  James  by  the  grace  of  god  King  of  England 
Scotland  ffrance  and  Ireland  Defender  of  the  faith  &c.  of  England  ffrance 
and  Ireland  the  seaventeenth,  and  of  Scotland  the  three  and  fiftith 

LIX.  Treasurer   and    Council    for   Virginia.      A   Letter   to    Sir 
George  Yeardley 

June  21,  1619 

Admiralty  Court,  Instance  and  Prize,  Libels  80,  No.  123 

Document  in  the  Public  Record  Office,  London.     In  the  Records  of  the  Suit  of  the 

Virginia  Company  with  Wye,  1620 

List  of  Records  No.  110 

Scda  schedula  de  qua  fit  menco  in  ar^'^  pntibus  annexis 

A  coppy  of  a  letter  from  the  Treasurer  and  Counsell  for  Virginia  to  S"" 
George  Yardly  Knight  Governo''  of  Virginia  dated  at  London  21 
June  1619  and  sent  by  the  Garland 

After  o""  very  harty  comendacons,  we  have  w***  great  ioy  vnderstood  of 
yo""  safe  arrivall  in  Virginia,  and  of  yo''  firme  resolution  to  reforme  those 

JUNE  21,  1619  147 

errors  w''^  have  formerly  been  comitted  One  chiefe  whereof  hath  byn 
the  excessive  applying  of  Tobacco,  and  the  neglect  to  plant  Corne  w'=''  of 
all  other  things  is  most  necessarie  for  the  increase  of  that  planta- 
tion. Wee  therfore  much  coihendmg  yo""  resolution  therein  doe  w'^'all 
earnestly  pray  yo"  that  nothing  whatsoever  may  divert  yo"  from 
that  worthy  Course.  The  rather  for  that  it  is  now  high  tyme 
(all  thingC  considered)  to  settle  the  Plantation  in  that  proportion  of 
strength  as  to  defend  it  selfe  against  all  forraigne  enimyes,  w'^''  cannott 
be  don  w'^'out  multitude  of  people  to  be  sent,  whereof  there  is  no  other 
soe  forcible  attractive  as  the  plenty  of  Corne,  and  other  pvision  to  enter- 
taine  them  (by  way  of  loan)  at  their  first  arrivall.  The  hope  that  is 
conceived  of  yo''  industrious  and  iust  carriage  for  the  publique  &  generall 
good  doth  cause  great  expectation  of  prosperous  successe  in  the  speedy 
bringing  of  that  plantation  vnto  that  pfection  w"''  hope  wee  pray  yo"  by 
yo""  best  endevo"  to  encrease  there,  And  we  assure  yo"  that  on  o""  parte 
there  shalbe  nothing  defective  to  correspond  w*''  our  like  endevours  here 
to  the  vtmost  of  our  powers  vpon  all  occasions. 

Wee  cannott  but  in  pticular  coiTiend  yo""  carefull  he  vpon  the  pceeding^ 
of  the  Treasurer  sett  out  by  Captaine  Argall  and  concurr  w'^  yo"  in 
opinion  of  the  importance  thereof  wee  pray  yo"  therfore  according  to 
our  former  instructions  that  nothing  be  neglected  in  that  busines.  And 
that  yo"  geve  diligent  order  that  the  shipp  be  seased  vpon  ymediatly 
vpon  her  returne,  and  examynacon  taken  of  her  course  and  pceeding^, 
that  Justice  may  be  don  to  all  parties  as  the  case  shall  require.  And  wee 
pray  yo"  to  certifie  vs  at  large,  of  yo""  doingC  therein  ffor  the  rest  wee 
referr  yo"  to  our  first  instruccons  nothing  doubting  according  to  yo"" 
promise  and  our  trust  yo"  will  in  all  thingC  observe  them  to  the  vtmost 
of  yo'  power. 

The  outrage  don  by  the  Chekohomini  deserveth  a  sharpe  revenge,  and  it 
standeth  yo"  vpon  in  matter  of  state  to  pceed  therein  w**"  a  strong  hand, 
not  only  to  the  psonall  destruction  of  the  murtherers,  but  the  removing 
that  people  further  of  from  our  Territories  by  all  lawfull  meanes  if  the 
same  be  not  aUready  don  by  Captaine  Argall,  as  he  seemeth  to  in  sinuate. 
But  for  the  rest  mainteyne  amity  w""  the  natives,  soe  much  as  may  be 
and  pcure  their  Children  in  good  multitude  to  be  brought  vpp  and  to  worke 


amongst  vs  Wee  are  now  in  setting  forward  a  shipp  vnto  yo"  w**"  one 
hundred  able  psons  victualled  for  a  yeare  and  well  furnished  and  armed 
fifty  whereof  are  to  be  placed  in  the  publique  land  of  the  Company,  and 
other  fifty  vpon  the  coUedge  land  at  Henrico.  Wee  sett  them  out  soe  as 
to  be  w**"  yo"  in  October  next.  Wee  praie  yo"  very  hartily  to  make  such 
p^'paration  for  them  in  both  places  against  theyr  comyng  as  that  they 
may  be  well  harboured  against  the  winter  and  loose  no  tyme  to  pceed 
w*^  their  busines  And  soe  wee  betake  yo"  w*^  all  yo''  charge  to  the  pro- 
tection and  blessing  of  the  highest  and  rest 

yo''  very  loving  fremd^ 
London  21  June  1619 

LX.  George  Thorpe.     A  Letter  to  John  Smyth  of  Nibley. 
July  2,  1619 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  7 

Document  in  New  York  Public  Library,  Autograph  Letter  Signed,  with  Seal 

List  of  Records  No.  Ill 

[7]  S''  I  haue  receaued  all  on  muskets  for  Virginia  and  the  milk  are  almost 
ready  I  haue  likewise  boug[ht]  diuers  of  the  other  thingC  and  doe  purpose 
verie  shortly  to  send  doune  all  the  things  appointed  to  come  hence,  I  haue 
likewise  taken  order  w**"  Thomas  lames  and  my  seruaunt<  att  wans[w]ell 
to  paie  pisently  vnto  you  P'  w'=''  I  hope  w**"  what  I  haue  formerly  laied  out 
and  shall  laie  out  here  will  goe  nere  my  pte  of  the  Voyage.  If  you  pceaue 
Sr  WiTtim  Throkm9ton  bee  discontented  w*^  mee  (w"''  I  verie  much 
doute  I  praie  psuade  him  that  accordinge  to  my  letter  herew*^  sent  I  will 
take  order  for  his  indempnitie  to  his  owne  content.  Soe  hopinge  to  here 
from  you  speedyly  and  to  see  you  shortly  I  rest 
Yoii  most  assured  Louinge  frend 

Geo:  Thorpe 
[Thi]s  2"  of  July  1619 

[Addressed:]  To  the  Ri:  Wor"  my  Verie  Louinge  ffrend  John  Smythe 
Esquier  giue  these  att  Nybley. 

JULY  8,  1619  149 

LXI.  Committee  of  the  Council  for  Virginia.     Copy  of  Minutes 


July  8,  1619 

Manchester  Papers,  No.  250 

Document  in  Public  Record  Office,  London 

List  of  Records  No.  112 

At  a  meeting  of  a  Coinittee  of  the  Counsell  for  Virginia  at  Southampton 
House  on  Thursday  morning  8*^  of  July  1619.     beeing  present. 

The  Earle  of  Southampton.  S'  Nathan:  Riche. 

The  Earle  of  Warwicke.  M'  John  Wroth. 

S-"  John  Banners.  M'  Thorpe. 

S^  Tho:  Gates.  M'  John  ffarrar. 

According  to  an  Order  of  Courte  made  yesterday  beeing  the  1^^  of  this 
instant  July  the  Comittees  aforesaid  haueing  mett  &  maturely  considered 
of  the  matters  by  the  said  Order  referrd  to  §by§  them  to  be  decided  doe 
touching  the  same  resolue  &  Order  as  folio weth.  ffirste  for  the  ill  &  con- 
temptible language  w'^''  passed  in  open  Courte  from  M'  Alderman  Johnson 
to  S""  Edwyn  Sandis  Treasuror  for  Virginia  (houlding  hkewise  the  place 
of  Governo'')  they  concurre  in  opinion  w^*"  the  Courte  that  there  was  noe 
occasion  of  offence  at  all  at  that  tyme  given  by  S''  Edwyn  Sandys,  nor 
any  speach,  (as  they  whoe  were  eare  Witnesses  hereof  conccauc)  §past§ 
from  him  w''^  mighte  iustly  be  excepted  against  but  on  the  contrary  he 
after  longe  forbearance  pressing  the  ma  payment  of  certaine  mony  oweing 
to  the  Company  by  the  Magazine  (the  direction  whereof  particularly 
concernes  the  office  of  the  said  Alderman  Johnson)  did  that  w''''  by  vertue 
of  his  place  he  oughte,  and  by  speciall  oath  &  he  was  bound  to  doe.  Sec- 
ondly they  conceaue  that  both  the  word?  and  gesture  of  the  said  Alder- 
man at  that  tyme  were  not  onely  vndecent  &  vncivill  but  very  iniurious 
insomuch  that  by  them  much  §wrong  as  also§  contempte  &  indignitye  was 
offered  as  well  to  the  whole  body  of  the  Courte  (whose  person  the  Gov- 
erno""  did  then  sustaine  &  whose  cause  he  contended  for)  as  to  S*"  Edwyn 
Sandis  in  his  owne  particuler.  Out  of  w'=^  consideracons  they  houlde 
that  the  Aldermans  offence  is  great  &  the  rather  for  that  in  regard  of  the 
quality  of  his  person  &  gravity  of  his  yeres  others  may  by  his  example 


be  animated  to  houlde  a  slighte  esteeme  both  of  the  Officers  &  pceeding^ 
of  the  said  Courte  and  make  those  meeting^  w''^  shoulde  tende  onely  to 
the  furtherance  of  that  noble  &  pious  [2]  worke  (for  w"**  they  are  appointed 
by  his  Ma*'*'^  Letters  Patents,  to  assemble  themselues)  to  be  a  place  to 
vent  theire  owne  spleene,  &  particular  passions  a  thinge  most  vnfitte  & 
w"''  (if  it  be  not  pivented)  will  soone  bringe  w**^  it  the  ruyne  &  distruction 
of  the  whole  businesse.  And  therefore  in  theire  opinions  deserves  a  hard 
censure  especially  if  they  shoulde  guide  theire  Judgements  herein  by 
such  examples  as  were  alleadged  to  be  vsuall  in  cases  resembling  this 
w'=''  they  haue  in  hand.  But  for  that  they  desire  rather  to  prevent  a 
future  ill  then  to  be  severe  in  this  pinte  particular  they  doe  order  that  for 
this  t3aiie  M'  Alderman  w  shall  onely  at  the  nexte  Courte  (to  be  helde 
for  Virgiaia)  make  publike  acknowledgement  of  his  error,  and  desire  both 
the  Treasuro""  &  Company  to  remitte  the  offence  by  him  done  to  eyther 
of  them.  And  §they§  doe  further  aduise  that  vpon  this  occasion  some 
stricter  lawe  may  be  made  by  the  said  Treasuro'',  Counsell  &  Company 
againste  any  whoe  shall  offend  in  the  like  kinde  hereafter. 

[Indorsed:]  The    Counsell    of   Virginia    their    Censure    vpon    Alderman 


[And  in  another  hand:]  y^  Aldermans  censure 

LXII.  Committee  of  the  Council  for  Virginia.  A  Short  Draft 
OF  Censure  against  Alderman  Johnson  abandoned  in  Favor  of 
THE  Preceding 

July  8,  1619 

Manchester  Papers,  No.  251 

Document  in  Public  Record  Office,  London 

List  of  Records  No.  113 

S'""  July.  1619 

At  a  meetinge  at  Southampton  house  of  theise  of  y^  Counsell 
by  an  order  of  Court 

E:  of  Southampton  M'  Jo:  Wroth 

E:  of  Warwicke  M'  Thorpe 

S""  John  Danuers  M''  Jo :  Farrar 

S^Tho:  Gates 
S^  Na.  Riche 

JULY  20,  1619  151 

The  Counsell  aforenamed  hauing  by  order  of  Court  mett  to  consyder  of 
some  course  for  reparation  to  be  done  to  M'  Threasurer  and  the  Court 
for  iniurious  words  openly  spoken  by  M""  Alderman  Johnson,  they  haue 
thought  fitt  accordin  to  order  that  M''  Alderman  should  make  puljlick 
acknowledgement  of  his  error  ft»d  d  confessing  himselfe  sorry  for  the 
same  and  that  he  should  desyre  both  the  Company  and  M''  Threasuror 
to  remitt  the  offence  done  to  either  of  them.  And  that  if  he  shall  refuse 
so  to  doe  then  they  thinke  fitt  that  he  shalbe  disfranchised  and  some 
strict  lawe  vppon  this  occasion  to  be  made  hereafter  against  any  who  in 
y^  face  of  y''  Court  shall  pass  unciuill  language  or  gesture  according  to 
y^  quality  of  y^  persons  so  offendinge. 

[Indorsed:]  Order  of  the  Counsell  against  Alderman  Johnson 

LXIII.   George  Thorpe.     A  Letter  to  John  Smyth ^ 
July  20,  1619 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  Smyth,  8 

Document  in  the  New  York  Public  Library.     Autograph  Letter,  Signed,  with  Seal 

List  of  Records  No.  114 

S''  I  am  an  ile  writer  and  therefore  I  praie  picke  my  meaninge  out  of  the 
gencn  generall  letter.  I  am  sorie  Partridge  hath  soe  behaued  himself  that 
hee  is  lost  but  I  haue  sent  for  my  horses  and  for  him  to  bring  them  and 
therefore  if  there  bee  a[n?/]  possibilitie  least  on  o''  pte  to  r  *  *  *  him 
vppon  submission  I  mak[e]  *  *  *  doute  but  to  worke  him  I  p[ra?/] 
therefore  indeuoure  it  if  yo[w]  *  *  *  good  and  lett  mee  knowe  yofwr] 
*  *  *  thereof  when  my  horses  come  *  *  *  i  will  speake  w*""  my 
La:  Dale  [/zer]self  concerninge  her  pmise  to  you.  Soe  assuringe  that  the 
cause  of  my  stale  here  shalbe  nothinge  but  by  to  hasten  M'  Woodleafe 
&  the  mariners  I  rest. 

Yours  verie  assured 

Geo:  Thorpe 
this  20'^  of  luly  [;]619 

[Addressed:]  To  the  wor^^  my  verie  Louinge  ffrend  lohn  Smithe  Esquier 
giue  these 

'  Original  mutilated.    The  missing  words  are  supplied  from  a  transcript  in  tlie  liandwriting 
of  Mr.  Lydenberg  of  the  New  York  Public  Library. 


LXIV.   Sir    George    Yeardley.    A    Letter    concerning    Argall's 
Letters  from  Lord  Ritch 

July  20,  1619 

Ferrar  Papers 
Document  in  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge  University.    Autograph  Letter,  Signed 

List  of  Records  No.  115 

Sir,  I  hope  by  this  tyme,  my  letters  are  well  nygh  come  vnto  your 
hands,  the  w''^  I  sent  by  the  gyft  the  Will  and  Tho  and  the  Diana,  together 
with  these  I  entercepted  of  M'  Secritaryes,  The  Principalis  I  keepe 
here  yf  any  ocassion  should  be,  I  retorned  allso  divers  letters,  w"**  were 
written  to  Capt  Argall  fro  my  Lord  Ritch  and  others  of  his  ffriends 
I  have  now  agayne  written  vnto  you  by  the  Prosperous,  and  have  allso 
certifyed  the  Company  what  I  can  in  this  shorte  tyme  and  tyme  of  sicknes, 
alls  w^  I  have  sent  in  that  shipp  one  letter  more  of  M""  Secretaryes,  w''*' 
I  entercepted  and  should  have  bin  sent  to  my  Lord  Ritch  by  the  Diana, 
that  I  suffered  to  goe  in  his  owne  hand  that  it  may  confirme  to  you  the 
fformer  copyes,  you  may  please  to  Judg  of  all  in  your  wisdome,  what 
concernes  the  Publike,  for  anything  that  shall  tend  to  my  p!vate  damage 
I  forgiue  both  him  and  them,  and  leaue  it  to  the  Lorde,  In  one  thing  I 
must  agayne  desire  your  Love  and  ffavour.  In  regard,  (respecting  my 
worthy  ffriend  as  well  as  my  selfe)  I  ffind  it  most  fitt  for  me  to  live  a 
retired  life,  that  I  may  not  be  wronged  in  that  w'=^  is  my  deu  and  Ryght, 
I  meane  my  Land  of  Weyonock  so  ffirmly  confirmed  by  the  Counsell  and 
Company  vnto  me,  I  endeed  as  my  Continence  bearing  me  witnes  having 
deserued  no  less,  yett  yf  Smyths  hundred  Company  beleeving  Argalls 
§report§  w"*^  is  ffallse,  that  it  is  within  the  Teritorys  of  Smyth  hundred 
shout  desire  to  [1^]  by  any  meanes  to  haue  it  taken  fro  me  and  added  to 
that  hundred,  then  my  trust  is  in  your  selfe  principally,  with  the  rest  that 
are  Justly  and  religiously  disposed  for  the  Ryght,  that  shall  be  wronged 
no  ffarther,  then  if  that,  be  taken  away,  that  I  may  have  ffree  Choyse, 
and  Liberty  to  take,  as  much  in  proportion  and  quantity,  as  that  of 
Weyenock  is  and  agayne  that  it  may  be  after  Notice  of  the  place  that  I 
have  it  granted  and  Confirmed  by  a  generall  Great  quarter  Courte,  yf 
I  mistrust  ill  dealing  fro  the  maior  Partey.  I  hope  you  will  not  blame 
me,  but  rather  comisserate,  that  I  am  so  unkindly  and  hardly  dealt  with 

JULY  SO,  SI,  AUGUST  2,  S,  4,  1619  153 

all,  and  that  my  best  ffreinds  suffer  so  much  for  my  sake  or  rather  as  it  is 
thought  for  my  p!ferment  sake,  w*''  payne  I  humbly  desire  they  would 
mitigate  that  suffering  to  the  selues  and  rather  then  to  endure  any  scan- 
dall  for  my  Dysing  to  thes  place  to  lett  me  easily  come  of  agayne  w"''  is 
my  hartes  desire,  and  I  haue  assured  testimony  I  shall  not  offend  God 
in  so  doing,  This  Ship  is  departing  that  I  haue  no  tyme  to  ryght  of  any 
other  matter,  only  my  harte  being  ffull  of  greyfe  this  that  Issued,  w'=''  I 
humbly  desire  you  favorably  to  take  into  your  consideration  and  so  I 
desire  the  Lord  to  multiply  his  blessings  both  vpon  you  and  yours,  resting 
always  to  be  comanded  by  you 

George  Yeardley 
James  Cyty  this  20''^  of  July  1619 

LXV.  John  Pory.     "A  Reporte   of  the   manner  of  proceeding  in 

THE   general  assembly   CONVENTED  AT  JaMES  CiTY" 

July  30,  31,  August  2,  3,  4,  1619 

State  Papers,  Domestic,  James  I.,  vol.  I.,  no.  45 

Document  in  Public  Record  Office  ^ 

List  of  Records  No.  116 

Proceedings  of  the  Virginia  Assembly,  1619 

A  Reporte  of  the  manner  of  proceeding  in  the  General  assemhly  convented 
at  James  citty  in  Virginia,  July  30, 1619,  consisting  of  the  Governor,  the 
Coimsell  of  Estate  and  two  Burgesses  elected  out  of  cache  Incorporation 
and  Plantation,  and  being  dissolved  the  4th  of  August  next  ensuing. 

First.   Sir  George  Yeardley,  Knight,   Governor  and  Captaine  general 
of  Virginia,  having  sent  his  sumons  all  over  the  Country,  as  well  to 
invite  those  of  the  Counsell  of  Estate  that  were  absent  as  also  for  the 
election  of  Burgesses,  there  were  chosen  and  appeared. 
For  James  citty 

Captaine  William  Powell, 

Ensigne  Wilham  Spense. 

'The  text  here  is  from  Narratives  of  Early  Virginia,  edited  by  Lyon  G.  Tyler,  pages  249-278. 
The  document  is  in  the  autograph  of  John  Pory.     It  is  indorsed  by  Sir  Dudley  Carleton. 


For  Charles  citty 

Samuel  Sharpe, 

Samuel  Jordan. 
For  the  citty  of  Henricus 

Thomas  Dowse, 

John  Polentine. 
For  Kjccowtan 

Captaine  William  Tucker, 

William  Capp. 
For  Martin  Brandon-Capt.  John  Martin's  Plantation 

Mr.  Thomas  Davis, 

Mr.  Robert  Stacy. 
For  Smythe's  hundred 

Captain  Thomas  Graves, 

Mr.  Walter  Shelley. 
For  Martin's  hundred 

Mr.  John  Boys, 

John  Jackson. 
For  Argall's  guiffe 

Mr.  Pawlett, 

Mr,  Gourgaing. 
For  Flowerdieu  hundred 

Ensigne  Roffingham, 

Mr.  Jefferson. 
For  Captain  Lawne's  plantation 

Captain  Christopher  Lawne, 

Ensigne  Washer. 
For  Captaine  Warde's  plantation 

Captaine  Warde, 

Lieutenant  Gibbes. 

The  most  convenient  place  we  could  finde  to  sitt  in  was  the  Quire  of  the 
Churche  Where  Sir  George  Yeardley,  the  Governor,  being  sett  downe 
in  his  accustomed  place,  those  of  the  Counsel  of  Estate  sate  nexte  him 
on  both  hands  excepte  onely  the  Secretary  then  appointed  Speaker,  who 
sate  right  before  him,  John  Twine,  clerke  of  the  General  assembly,  being 
placed  nexte  the  Speaker,  and  Thomas  Pierse,  the  Sergeant,  standing 

JULY  SO,  31,  AUGUST  2,  3,  4,  1619  155 

at  the  barre,  to  be  ready  for  any  service  the  Assembly  shoulde  comaund 
him.  But  forasmuche  as  men's  affaires  doe  little  prosper  where  God's 
service  is  neglected,  all  the  Burgesses  tooke  their  places  in  the  Quire  till 
a  prayer  was  said  by  Mr.  Bucke,  the  Minister,  that  it  would  please  God 
to  guide  and  sanctifie  all  our  proceedings  to  his  owne  glory  and  the  good 
of  this  Plantation.  Prayer  being  ended,  to  the  intente  that  as  we  had 
begun  at  God  Almighty,  so  we  might  proceed  with  awful  and  due  respecte 
towards  the  Lieutenant,  our  most  gratious  and  dread  Soveraigne,  all  the 
Burgesses  were  intreatted  to  retyre  themselves  into  the  body  of  the 
Churche,  which  being  done,  before  they  were  fully  admitted,  they  were 
called  in  order  and  by  name,  and  so  every  man  (none  staggering  at  it) 
tooke  the  oathe  of  Supremacy,  and  entred  the  Assembly.  At  Captaine 
Warde  the  Speaker  tooke  exception,  as  at  one  that  without  any  Comis- 
sion  or  authority  had  seatted  himselfe  either  upon  the  Companies,  and 
then  his  Plantation  would  not  be  lawfull,  or  on  Captain  Martin's  lande, 
and  so  he  was  but  a  limbe  or  member  of  him,  and  there  could  be  but  two 
Burgesses  for  all.  So  Captaine  Warde  was  comanded  to  absent  himselfe 
till  such  time  as  the  Assembly  had  agreed  what  was  fitt  for  him  to  doe. 
After  muche  debate,  they  resolved  on  this  order  following: 

An  order  concluded  by  the  General  assembly  concerning  Captaine  Warde, 
July  30th,  1619,  at  the  opening  of  the  said  Assembly. 

At  the  reading  of  the  names  of  the  Burgesses,  Exception  was  taken  against 
Captaine  Warde  as  having  planted  here  in  Virginia  without  any  authority 
or  comission  from  the  Tresurer,  Counsell  and  Company  in  Englande. 
But  considering  he  had  bene  at  so  great  chardge  and  paines  to  augmente 
this  Colony,  and  adventured  his  owne  person  in  the  action,  and  since  that 
time  had  brought  home  a  good  quantity  of  fishe,  to  reUeve  the  Colony 
by  waye  of  trade,  and  above  all,  because  the  Comission  for  authorising 
the  General  Assembly  admitteth  of  two  Burgesses  out  of  every  plantation 
without  restrainte  or  exception,  Upon  all  these  considerations,  the  As- 
sembly was  contented  to  admitt  of  him  and  his  Lieutenant  (as  members 
of  their  body  and  Burgesses)  into  their  society.  Provided,  that  the  said 
Captaine  Warde  with  all  expedition,  that  is  to  saye  between  this  and  the 
nexte  general  assembly  (all  lawful  impediments  excepted),  should  procure 
from  the  Tresurer,  Counsell  and  Company  in  England  a  comission  lawfully 


to  establish  and  plant  himselfe  and  his  Company  as  the  Chieffs  of  other 
Plantations  have  done.  And  in  case  he  doe  neglect  this  he  is  to  stande  to 
the  censure  of  the  nexte  general  assembly.  To  this  Captaine  Warde,  in 
the  presence  of  us  all,  having  given  his  consente  and  undertaken  to  per- 
forme  the  same  was,  together  with  his  Lieutenant,  by  voices  of  the  whole 
Assembly  first  admitted  to  take  the  oath  of  Supremacy,  and  then  to  make 
up  their  number  and  to  sitt  amongst  them. 

This  being  done,  the  Governor  himselfe  alledged  that  before  we  proceeded 
any  further  it  behooved  us  to  examine  whither  it  were  fitt,  that  Captaine 
Martin's  Burgesses  shoulde  have  any  place  in  the  Assembly,  forasmuche  as 
he  hath  a  clause  in  his  Patente  which  doth  not  onely  exempte  him  from 
that  equality  and  uniformity  of  lawes  and  orders  which  the  great  charter 
saith  are  to  extende  over  the  whole  Colony,  but  also  from  diverse  such 
lawes  as  we  must  be  enforced  to  make  in  the  General  Assembly.  That 
clause  is  as  followeth :  Item.  That  it  shall  and  may  be  lawfull  to  and  for 
the  said  Captain  John  Martin,  his  heyers,  executours  and  assignes  to 
governe  and  comaunde  all  suche  person  or  persons  as  at  this  time  he 
shall  carry  over  with  him,  or  that  shalbe  sente  him  hereafter,  free  from  any 
comaunde  of  the  Colony,  excepte  it  be  in  ayding  and  assisting  the  same 
against  any  forren  or  domestical  enemy. 

Upon  the  motion  of  the  Governor,  discussed  the  same  tune  in  the  assembly, 
ensued  this  order  following: 

An  order  of  the  General  Assembly  touching  a  clause  in  Captain  Martin's 
Patent  at  James  Citty,  July  30,  1619. 

After  all  the  Burgesses  had  taken  the  oath  of  Supremacy  and  were  admitted 
into  the  house  and  all  sett  downe  in  their  places,  a  Copie  of  Captain  Martin's 
Patent  was  produced  by  the  Governor  out  of  a  Clause  whereof  it  appeared 
that  when  the  general  assembly  had  made  some  kinde  of  lawes  requisite  for 
the  whole  Colony,  he  and  his  Burgesses  and  people  might  deride  the  whole 
company  and  chuse  whether  they  would  obay  the  same  or  no.  It  was 
therefore  ordered  in  Courte  that  the  foresaid  two  Burgesses  should  withdraw 
themselves  out  of  the  assembly  till  suche  time  as  Captaine  Martin  had  made 
his  personal!  appearance  before  them.  At  what  time,  if  upon  their  motion, 
if  he  would  be  contente  to  quitte  and  give  over  that  parte  of  his  Patente, 

JULY  SO,  SI,  AUGUST  2,  S,  4,  1619  157 

and  contrary  thereunto  woulde  submitte  himselfe  to  the  general  forme  of 
governement  as  all  others  did,  that  then  his  Burgesses  should  be  readmitted, 
otherwise  they  were  to  be  utterly  excluded  as  being  spies  rather  than  loyal 
Burgesses,  because  they  had  offered  themselves  to  be  assistant  at  the  mak- 
ing of  lawes  which  both  themselves  and  those  whom  they  represented  might 
chuse  whether  they  would  obaye  or  not. 

Then  came  there  in  a  complainte  against  Captain  Martin,  that  having 
sente  his  Shallop  to  trade  for  corne  into  the  baye,  under  the  commaunde 
of  one  Ensigne  Harrison,  the  saide  Ensigne  should  afnrme  to  one  Thomas 
Davis,  of  Paspaheighe,  Gent,  (as  the  said  Thomas  Davis  deposed  upon 
oathe,)  that  they  had  made  a  harde  voiage,  had  they  not  mett  with  a  Canoa 
coming  out  of  a  creeke  where  their  shallop  could  not  goe.  For  the  Indians 
refusing  to  sell  their  Corne,  those  of  the  shallop  entered  the  Canoa  with 
their  armes  and  tooke  it  by  force,  measuring  out  the  corne  with  a  baskett 
they  had  into  the  Shallop  and  (as  the  said  Ensigne  Harrison  saith)  giving 
them  satisfaction  in  copper  beades  and  other  trucking  stuffe. 

Hitherto  Mr.  Davys  upon  his  oath. 

Furthermore  it  was  signified  from  Opochancano  to  the  Governour  that 
those  people  had  complained  to  him  to  procure  them  justice.  For  which 
considerations  and  because  suche  outrages  as  this  might  breede  danger  and 
loss  of  life  to  others  of  the  Colony  which  should  have  leave  to  trade  in  the 
baye  hereafter,  and  for  prevention  of  the  like  violences  against  the  In- 
dians in  time  to  come,  this  order  following  was  agreed  on  by  the  general 

A  second  order  against  Captain  Martin,  at  James  citty,  Jidy  30,  1619. 

It  was  also  ordered  by  the  Assembly  the  same  day  in  case  Captaine  Martin 
and  the  ging  of  his  shallop  would  not  thoroughly  answere  an  accusation  of 
an  outrage  committed  gainst  a  certaine  Conoa  of  Indians  in  the  baye,  that 
then  it  was  thought  reason  (his  Patent  notwithstanding,  the  authority 
whereof  he  had  in  that  case  abused)  he  should  from  henceforth  take  leave 
of  the  Governour  as  other  men,  and  should  putt  in  security,  that  his  people 
shall  comitte  no  such  outrage  any  more. 


Upon  this  a  letter  or  warrant  was  drawen  in  the  name  of  the  whole  as- 
sembly to  sumon  Captaine  Martin  to  appeare  before  them  in  the  forme 

By  the  Governour  and  general  assembly  of  Virginia. 

Captaine  Martine,  we  are  to  request  you  upon  sight  hereof,  with  all  con- 
venient speed  to  repair  hither  to  James  citty  to  treatt  and  conferre  vdih  us 
about  some  matters  of  especial  importance  which  concerns  both  us  and  the 
whole  Colony  [and]  yourself.  And  of  this  we  praye  you  not  to  faile. 
James  citty,  July  30,  1619. 

To  our  very  loving  friend,  Captain  John  Martin,  Esquire,  Master  of  the 


These  obstacles  removed,  the  Speaker,  who  for  a  long  time  has  bene  ex- 
treame  sickly,  and  therefore  not  able  to  passe  through  long  harangues, 
delivered  in  briefe  to  the  whole  assembly  the  occasions  of  their  meeting. 
Which  done  he  read  unto  them  the  commission  for  establishing  the  Counsell 
of  Estate  and  the  general  Assembly,  wherein  their  duties  were  described 
to  the  Ufe. 

Having  thus  prepared  them  he  read  over  unto  them  the  greate  Charter, 
or  commission  of  privileges,  orders  and  laws,  sent  by  Sir  George  Yeardley 
out  of  Engiande.  Which  for  the  more  ease  of  the  Committies,  having 
divided  into  fower  books,  he  read  the  former  two  the  same  forenoon  for 
expeditions  sake,  a  second  time  over,  and  so  they  were  referred  to  the 
perusall  of  twoe  Committies,  which  did  reciprocally  consider  of  either,  and 
accordingly  brought  in  their  opinions.  But  some  may  here  objecte  to  what 
ende  we  should  presume  to  referre  that  to  the  examination  of  Committies 
which  the  Counsell  and  Company  in  England  had  already  resolved  to  be 
perfect,  and  did  expect  nothing  but  our  assente  thereunto.  To  this  we 
answere,  that  we  did  it  not  to  the  ende  to  correcte  or  controll  anything 
therein  contained,  but  onely  in  case  we  should  finde  ought  not  perfectly 
squaring  with  the  state  of  this  Colony  or  any  lawe  which  did  presse  or 
binde  too  harde,  that  we  might  by  waye  of  humble  petition,  seeke  to  have 
it  redressed,  especially  because  this  great  Charter  is  to  bind  us  and  our 
heyers  for  ever. 

JULYS0,31,  AUGUST 2,8,4,1619  159 

The  names  of  the  Committies  for  perusing  the  first  booke  of  the  fower:^ 

1.  Captain  William  Powell,  2.  Ensigne  Rosingham, 

3.  Captaine  Warde,  4.  Captaine  Tucker, 

5.  Mr.  Shelley,  6.  Thomas  Douse, 

7.  Samuel  Jordan,  8.  Mr.  Boys. 

The  names  of  the  Committies  for  perusing  the  second  booke: 

1.  Captaine  Lawne,  2.  Captaine  Graves, 

3.  Ensigne  Spense,  4.  Samuel  Sharpe, 

5.  William  Cap,  6.  Mr.  Pawlett, 

7.  Mr.  Jefferson,  8.  Mr.  Jackson, 

These  Committies  thus  appointed,  we  brake  up  the  first  forenoon's 

After  dinner  the  Governour  and  those  that  were  not  of  the  Committies 
sate  a  second  time,  while  the  said  Committies  were  employed  in  the  perusall 
of  those  twoe  bookes.  And  whereas  the  Speaker  had  propounded  fower 
severall  objects  for  the  Assembly  to  consider  on:  namely,  first  the  great 
charter  of  orders,  lav/es  and  privileges;  Secondly,  which  of  the  instructions 
given  by  the  Counsel  in  England  to  my  Lo:  La:  warre.  Captain  Argall 
or  Sir  George  Yeardley,  might  conveniently  putt  on  the  habite  of  lawes; 
Thirdly,  what  lawes  might  issue  out  of  the  private  conceipte  of  any  of  the 
Burgesses,  or  any  other  of  the  Colony;  and  lastly,  what  petitions  were 
fitt  to  be  sente  home  for  England.  It  pleased  the  Governour  for  expedition 
sake  to  have  the  second  objecte  of  the  fower  to  be  examined  and  prepared 
by  himselfe  and  the  Non-Committies.  Wherein  after  having  spente  some 
three  howers  conference,  the  twoe  Committies  brought  in  their  opinions 
concerning  the  twoe  former  bookes,  (the  second  of  which  beginneth  at 
these  wordes  of  the  charter:  And  forasmuche  as  our  intente  is  to  establish 
one  equall  and  uniforme  kinde  of  government  over  all  Virginia  &c.,)  which 
the  whole  Assembly,  because  it  was  late,  deferred  to  treatt  of  till  the  next 

Satturday,    July    31. 

The  nexte  daye,  therefore,  out  of  the  opinions  of  the  said  Committies,  it 
was  agreed,  these  Petitions  ensuing  should  be  framed,  to  be  presented  to 
the  Treasurer,  Counsel  and  Company  in  England.     Upon  the  Committies 


perusall  of  the  first  book,  the  Generall  Assembly  doe  become  most  humble 
suitors  to  their  lo^^  and  to  the  rest  of  that  honble  Counsell  and  renowned 
Company,  that  albeit  they  have  bene  pleased  to  allotte  unto  the  Governo'' 
to  themselves,  together  with  the  Counsell  of  Estate  here,  and  to  the 
officers  of  Incorporations,  certain  lande  portions  of  lande  to  be  layde  out 
within  the  limites  of  the  same,  yet  that  they  woulde  vouchsafe  also,  that 
groundes  as  heretofore  had  bene  granted  by  patent  to  the  antient  Planters 
by  former  Governours  that  had  from  the  Company  received  comission  so 
to  doe,  might  not  nowe  after  so  muche  labour  and  coste,  and  so  many 
yeares  habitation  be  taken  from  them.  And  to  the  ende  that  no  man  might 
doe  or  suffer  any  wrong  in  this  kinde,  that  they  woulde  favour  us  so  muche 
(if  they  meane  to  graunte  this  our  petition)  as  to  sende  us  notice,  what 
comission  or  authority  for  graunting  of  landes  they  have  given  to  eache 
particular  Governour  in  times  paste. 

The  second  petition  of  the  General  assembly  framed  by  the  Committies  out 
of  the  second  book  is.  That  the  Treasurer  and  Company  in  England  would 
be  pleased  with  as  muche  convenient  speed  as  may  be  to  sende  men  hither 
to  occupie  their  landes  belonging  to  the  fower  Incorporations,  as  well  for 
their  owne  behoofe  and  proffitt  as  for  the  maintenance  of  the  Counsel  of 
Estate,  who  are  nowe  to  their  extream  hindrance  often  drawen  far  from 
their  private  busines  and  hkewise  that  they  will  have  a  care  to  sende  tenants 
to  the  ministers  of  the  fower  Incorporations  to  manure  their  gleab,  to  the 
intente  that  all  allowance  they  have  allotted  them  of  200  G.  a  yeare  may 
be  more  easily  raised. 

The  thirde  Petition  humbly  presented  by  this  General  Assembly  to  the 
Treasurer,  Counsell  and  Company  is,  that  it  may  plainly  be  expressed  in 
the  great  Comission  (as  indeed  it  is  not)  that  the  antient  Planters  of  both 
sortes,  viz.,  suche  as  before  Sir  Thomas  Dales'  depart  were  come  hither 
upon  their  owne  chardges,  and  suche  also  as  were  brought  hither  upon  the 
Companie's  coste,  maye  have  their  second,  third  and  more  divisions  suc- 
cessively in  as  lardge  and  free  manner  as  any  other  Planters.  Also  that 
they  wilbe  pleased  to  allowe  to  the  male  children,  of  them  and  of  all  others 
begotten  in  Virginia,  being  the  onely  hope  of  a  posterity,  a  single  share  a 
piece,  and  shares  for  their  issues  or  for  themselves,  because  that  in  a  newe 
plantation  it  is  not  knowen  whether  man  or  woman  be  more  necessary. 

JULY  so,  SI,  AUGUST  2,  3,4,  1619  161 

Their  fourth  Petition  is  to  beseech  the  Treasurer,  Counsell  and  Company 
that  they  would  be  pleased  to  appoint  a  Sub-Treasurer  here  to  collecte 
their  rents,  to  the  ende  that  the  Inhabitants  of  this  Colony  be  not  tyed  to 
an  impossibility  of  pajdng  the  same  yearly  to  the  Treasurer  in  England,  and 
that  they  would  enjoine  the  said  Sub-Treasurer  not  precisely  according  to 
the  letter  of  the  Charter  to  exacte  mony  of  us  (whereof  we  have  none  at  all, 
as  we  have  no  minte),  but  the  true  value  of  the  rente  in  comodity. 

The  fifte  Petition  is  to  beseeche  the  Treasurer,  Counsel  and  Company  that, 
towards  the  erecting  of  the  University  and  Colledge,  they  will  sende,  when 
they  shall  thinke  it  most  convenient,  workmen  of  all  sortes,  fitt  for  that 

The  sixte  and  laste  is,  they  wilbe  pleased  to  change  the  savage  name  of 
Kiccowtan,  and  to  give  that  Incorporation  a  new  name. 

These  are  the  general  Petitions  drawen  by  the  Comitties  out  of  the  two 
former  bookes  which  the  whole  general  assembly  in  maner  and  forme  above 
sett  downe  doe  most  humbly  offer  up  and  present  to  the  honourable  con- 
struction of  the  Treasurer,  Counsell  and  Company  in  England. 

These  petitions  thus  concluded  on,  those  twoe  Comitties  broughte  me  a 
reporte  what  they  had  observed  in  the  two  latter  bookes,  which  was  nothing 
else  but  that  the  perfection  of  them  was  suche  as  that  they  could  finds 
nothing  therein  subject  to  exception,  only  the  Governors  particular  opinion 
to  my  selfe  in  private  hathe  bene  as  touching  a  clause  in  the  thirde  booke, 
that  in  these  doubtfull  times  between  us  and  the  Indians,  it  would  behoove 
us  not  to  make  as  lardge  distances  between  Plantation  as  ten  miles,  but  for 
our  more  strength  ande  security  to  drawe  nearer  together.  At  the  same 
time,  there  remaining  no  farther  scruple  in  the  mindes  of  the  Assembly 
touching  the  said  great  Charter  of  lawes,  orders  and  priviledges,  the  Speaker 
putt  the  same  to  the  question,  and  so  it  had  both  the  general  assent  and  the 
applause  of  the  whole  assembly,  who,  as  they  professed  themselves  in  the 
first  place  most  submissively  thankful  to  almighty  god,  therefore  so  they 
commaunded  the  Speaker  to  returne  (as  nowe  he  doth)  their  due  and  hum- 
ble thankes  to  the  Treasurer  Counsell  and  company  for  so  many  priviledges 
and  favours  as  well  in  their  owne  names  as  in  the  names  of  the  whole  Colony 
whom  they  represented. 


This  being  dispatched  we  fell  once  more  debating  of  suche  instructions 
given  by  the  Counsell  in  England  to  several  Governors  as  might  be  con- 
verted into  lawes,  the  last  whereof  was  the  Establishment  of  the  price  of 
Tobacco,  namely,  of  the  best  at  3d  and  the  second  at  18d  the  pounde. 
At  the  reading  of  this  the  Assembly  thought  good  to  send  for  Mr,  Abraham 
Persey,  the  Cape  marchant,  to  publishe  this  instruction  to  him,  and  to 
demaunde  of  him  if  he  knewe  of  any  impediment  why  it  might  not  be 
admitted  of?  His  answere  was  that  he  had  not  as  yet  received  any  suche 
order  from  the  Adventurers  of  the  in  England.  And  notwithstanding  he 
sawe  the  authority  was  good,  yet  was  he  unwilling  to  yield,  till  suche  time 
as  the  Governor  and  Assembly  had  layd  their  commandment  upon  him, 
out  of  the  authority  of  the  foresaid  Instructions  as  f oUoweth : 

By  the  General  Assembly. 

We  will  and  require  you,  Mr.  Abraham  Persey,  Cape  Marchant,  from  this 
daye  forwarde  to  take  notice,  that,  according  to  an  article  in  the  Instruc- 
tions confirmed  by  the  Treasurer,  Counsell  and  Company  in  Englande  at 
a  general  quarter  courte,  both  by  voices  and  under  their  hands  and  the 
Comon  seall,  and  given  to  Sir  George  Yeardley,  knight,  this  present 
governour,  Decemb.  3,  1618,  that  you  are  bounde  to  accepte  of  the  Tobacco 
of  the  Colony,  either  for  commodities  or  upon  billes,  at  three  shillings  the 
beste  and  the  second  sorte  at  ISd  the  punde,  and  this  shalbe  your  sufficient 

James  citty  out  of  the  said  General  Assembly,  July  31,  1619. 

At  the  same  the  Instructions  convertible  into  lawes  were  referred  to  the 
consideration  of  the  above  named  Committies,  viz.,  the  general  Instructions 
to  the  first  Committie  and  the  particular  Instructions  to  the  second,  to 
be  returned  by  them  into  the  assembly  on  Munday  morning. 

Sunday,  Aug.  1. 
Mr.  Shelley,  one  of  the  Burgesses,  deceased. 

Munday,  Aug.  2. 

Captain  John  Martin  (according  to  the  sumons  sent  him  on  Fryday, 
July  30,)  made  his  personall  appearance  at  the  barre,  whenas  the  Speaker 
having  first  read  unto  him  the  orders  of  the  Assembly  that  concerned  him. 

JULY 30,31,  AUGUST 2,3,  J^IGIQ  163 

he  pleaded  lardgely  for  himself  to  them  both  and  indevoured  to  answere 
some  other  thinges  that  were  objected  against  his  Patente.  In  fine, 
being  demanded  out  of  the  former  order  whether  he  would  quitte  that 
clause  of  his  Patent  which  (quite  otherwise  then  Sir  William  Throck- 
morton's, Captain  Christopher  Lawnes  and  other  men's  patentes)  exempt- 
eth  himselffe  and  his  people  from  all  services  of  the  Colonic  excepte  onely 
in  case  of  warre  against  a  forren  or  domesticall  enemie,  His  answere  was 
negative,  that  he  would  not  infringe  any  parte  of  his  Patente.  Where- 
upon it  was  resolved  by  the  Assembly  that  his  Burgesses  should  have  no 

To  the  second  order  his  answere  was  affirmative,  namely,  that  (his  Patent 
notwithstanding)  whensoever  he  should  send  in  to  the  baye  to  trade,  he 
would  be  contente  to  putt  in  security  to  the  Governour  for  the  good 
behaviour  of  his  people  towardes  the  Indians. 

It  was  at  the  same  time  further  ordered  by  the  Assembly  that  the  Speaker, 
in  their  names,  should  (as  he  nowe  doth)  humbly  demaunde  of  the  Treas- 
urer, Counsell  and  Company  an  exposition  of  this  one  clause  in  Captaine 
Martin's  Patente  namely,  where  it  is  saide  That  he  is  to  enjoye  his  landes 
in  as  lardge  and  ample  manner,  to  all  intentes  and  purposes,  as  any  lord 
of  any  manours  in  England  dothe  holde  his  grounde  out  of  which  some 
have  collected  that  he  might  by  the  same  graunte  protecte  men  from 
paying  their  debts  and  from  diverse  other  dangers  of  lawe.  The  least 
the  Assembly  can  alledge  against  this  clause  is,  that  it  is  obscure,  and  that 
it  is  a  thing  impossible  for  us  here  to  knowe  the  Prerogatives  of  all  manours 
in  Englande.  The  Assembly  therefore  humbly  beseeches  their  lo^^'  and 
the  rest  of  that  Honble  house  that  in  case  they  shall  finde  any  thing  in 
this  or  in  any  other  parte  of  his  graunte  wherby  that  clause  towards  the 
conclusion  of  the  great  charter,  (viz.,  that  all  grauntes  aswell  of  the  one 
sorte  as  of  the  other  respectively,  be  made  with  equall  favour,  and  graunts 
of  like  liberties  and  imunities  as  neer  as  may  be,  to  the  ende  that  all  com- 
plainte  of  partiality  and  indifferency  may  be  avoided,)  might  in  any  sorte 
be  contradicted  or  the  uniformity  and  equality  of  lawes  and  orders  extend- 
ing over  the  whole  Colony  might  be  impeached.  That  they  would  be 
pleased  to  remove  any  such  hindrance  as  may  diverte  out  of  the  true 
course  the  free  and  pubhque  current  of  Justice. 


Upon  the  same  ground  and  reason  their  lo"",  together  with  the  rest  of  the 
Counsell  and  Company,  are  humbly  besought  by  this  general  assembly 
that  if  in  that  other  clause  which  exempteth  the  Captaine  Martin  and  his 
people  from  all  services  of  the  Colony  etc.,  they  shall  finde  any  resistance 
[to]  that  equality  and  uniformity  of  lawes  and  orders  intended  nowe  by 
them  to  be  established  over  the  whole  Colony,  that  they  would  be  pleased 
to  reforme  it. 

In  fine,  wheras  Captaine  Martin,  for  those  ten  shares  allowed  him  for 
his  personal  adventure  and  for  his  adventure  of  £70  besides,  doth  claim 
500  acres  a  share,  that  the  Treasurer,  Counsell  and  Company  woulde 
vouchsafe  to  give  notice  to  the  Governour  here,  what  kinde  of  shares 
they  meante  he  should  have  when  they  gave  him  his  Patent. 

The  premisses  about  Captaine  Martin  thus  resolved,  the  Committies 
appointed  to  consider  what  instructions  are  fitt  to  be  converted  into  lawes, 
brought  in  their  opinions,  and  first  of  some  of  the  general  instructions. 

Here  begin  the  lawes  drawen  out  of  the  Instructions  given  by  his  Ma^'^' 
Counsell  of  Virginia  in  England  to  my  lo:  la  warre,  Captain  Argall 
and  Sir  George  Yeardley,  knight. 

By  this  present  General  Assembly  be  it  enacted  that  no  injury  or  oppres- 
sion be  wrought  by  the  EngUsh  against  the  Indians  whereby  the  present 
peace  might  be  disturbed  and  antient  quarrells  might  be  revived.  And 
farther  be  it  ordained  that  the  Chicohomini  are  not  to  be  excepted  out  of 
this  lawe;  untill  either  that  suche  order  come  out  of  Englande  or  that 
they  doe  provoke  us  by  some  newe  injury. 

Against  Idlenes,  Gaming,  drunkenes  and  cxcesse  in  appareU  the  Assembly 
hath  enacted  as  f olloweth : 

First,  in  detestation  of  Idlenes  be  it  enacted,  that  if  any  man  be  founde  to 
live  as  an  Idler  or  renagate,  though  a  freedman,  it  shalbe  lawful  for  that 
Incorporation  or  Plantation  to  which  he  belongeth  to  appoint  him  a  Mr  to 
serve  for  wages,  till  he  shewe  apparant  signes  of  amendment. 

Against  gaming  at  dice  and  Cardes  be  it  ordained  by  this  present  assembly 
that  the  winner  or  winners  shall  lose  all  his  or  their  mnninges  and  both 
winners  and  loosers  shall  forfaite  ten  shillings  a  man,  one  ten  shillings 

JULY  SO,  SI,  AUGUST  2,  S,  4,  1619  165 

whereof  to  go  to  the  discoverer,  and  the  rest  to  charitable  and  pious  uses 
in  the  Incorporation  where  the  faulte  is  comitted. 

Against  drunkenness  be  it  also  decreed  that  if  any  private  person  be  found 
culpable  thereof,  for  the  first  time  he  is  to  be  reprooved  privately  by  the 
Minister,  the  second  time  publiquely,  the  thirde  time  to  lye  in  boltcs  12 
howers  in  the  house  of  the  Provost  Marshall  and  to  paye  his  fee,  and  if 
he  still  continue  in  that  vice,  to  undergo  suche  severe  punishment  as  the 
Governor  and  Counsell  of  Estate  shall  thinke  fitt  to  be  inflicted  on  him. 
But  if  any  officer  offende  in  this  crime,  the  first  time  he  shall  receive  reprooff 
from  the  Governour,  the  second  time  he  shall  openly  be  reprooved  in  the 
churche  by  the  minister,  and  the  third  time  he  shall  first  be  comitted  and 
then  degraded.  Provided  it  be  understood  that  the  Governor  hath  alwayes 
power  to  restore  him  when  he  shall  in  his  discretion  thinke  fitte. 

Against  excesse  in  apparell  that  every  man  be  cessed  in  the  churche  for 
all  pubhque  contributions,  if  he  be  unmarried  according  to  his  owne 
apparell,  if  he  be  married,  according  to  his  owne  and  his  wives,  or  either 
of  their  apparell. 

As  touching  the  instruction  of  drawing  some  of  the  better  disposed  of  the 
Indians  to  converse  with  our  people  and  to  live  and  labour  amongst 
them,  the  Assembly  who  knowe  well  their  dispositions  thinke  it  fitte  to 
enjoin,  least  to  counsell  those  of  the  Colony,  neither  utterly  to  reject  them 
nor  yet  to  drawe  them  to  come  in.  But  in  case  they  will  of  themselves 
come  voluntarily  to  places  well  peopled,  there  to  doe  service  in  killing  of 
Deere,  fishing,  beatting  of  Corne  and  other  workes,  that  then  five  or  six  may 
be  admitted  into  every  such  place,  and  no  more,  and  that  with  the  consente 
of  the  Governour.  Provided  that  good  guarde  in  the  night  be  kept  upon 
them  for  generally  (though  some  amongst  many  may  proove  good)  they 
are  a  most  trecherous  people  and  quickly  gone  when  they  have  done  a 
villany.  And  it  were  fitt  a  house  were  builte  for  them  to  lodge  in  aparte 
by  themselves,  and  lone  inhabitants  by  no  meanes  to  entertain  them. 

Be  it  enacted  by  this  present  assembly  that  for  laying  a  surer  foundation 
of  the  conversion  of  the  Indians  to  Christian  Religion,  eache  tov/ne, 
citty,  Borrough,  and  particular  plantation  do  obtaine  unto  themselves  by 
just  means  a  certine  number  of  the  natives'  children  to  be  educated  by 


them  in  true  religion  and  civile  course  of  life — of  which  children  the  most 
towardly  boyes  in  witt  and  graces  of  nature  to  be  brought  up  by  them  in 
the  first  elements  of  litterature,  so  to  be  fitted  for  the  Colledge  intended  for 
them  that  from  thence  they  may  be  sente  to  that  worke  of  conversion. 

As  touching  the  busines  of  planting  corne  this  present  Assembly  doth 
ordain  that  yeare  by  yeare  all  and  every  householder  and  householders 
have  in  store  for  every  servant  he  or  they  shall  keep,  and  also  for  his  or 
their  owne  persons,  whether  they  have  any  Servants  or  no,  one  spare  barrell 
of  corne,  to  be  delivered  out  yearly,  either  upon  sale  or  exchange  as  need 
shall  require.  For  the  neglecte  of  which  duty  he  shalbe  subjecte  to  the 
censure  of  the  Governor  and  Counsell  of  Estate.  Provided  always  that 
the  first  yeare  of  every  newe  man  this  lawe  shall  not  be  of  force. 

About  the  plantation  of  Mulbery  trees,  be  it  enacted  that  every  man  as 
he  is  seatted  upon  his  division,  doe  for  seven  yeares  together,  every  yeare 
plante  and  maintaine  in  growte  six  Mulberry  trees  at  the  least,  and  as  many 
more  as  he  shall  think  conveniente  and  as  his  vurtue  and  Industry  shall 
move  him  to  plante,  and  that  all  suche  persons  as  shall  neglecte  the  yearly 
planting  and  maintaining  of  that  small  proportion  shalbe  subjecte  to  the 
censure  of  the  Governour  and  the  Counsell  of  Estate. 

Be  it  farther  enacted  as  concerning  Silke-flaxe,  that  those  men  that  are 
upon  their  division  or  setled  habitation  doe  this  next  yeare  plante  and 
dresse  100  plantes,  which  being  founde  a  comodity,  may  farther  be  in- 
creased. And  whosoever  do  faill  in  the  performance  of  this  shalbe  subject 
to  the  punishment  of  the  Governour  and  Counsell  of  Estate. 

For  hempe  also  both  English  and  Indian  and  for  English  flax  and 
Anniseeds,  we  do  require  and  enjoine  all  householders  of  this  Colony  that 
have  any  of  those  seeds  to  make  tryal  thereof  the  nexte  season. 

Moreover  be  it  enacted  by  this  present  Assembly,  that  every  householder 
doe  yearly  plante  and  maintaine  ten  vines  untill  they  have  attained  to  the 
art  and  experience  of  dressing  a  Vineyard  either  by  their  owne  industry  or 
by  the  Instruction  of  some  Vigneron.  And  that  upon  what  penalty  soever 
the  Governor  and  Counsell  of  Estate  shall  thinke  fitt  to  impose  upon 
the  neglecters  of  this  acte. 

JULYS0,S1,AUGUST2,S,4,  1619  167 

Be  it  also  enacted  that  all  necessary  tradesmen,  or  so  many  as  need  shall 
require,  suche  as  are  come  over  since  the  departure  of  Sir  Thomas  Dale, 
or  that  shall  hereafter  come,  shall  worke  at  their  trades  for  any  other  man, 
each  one  being  payde  according  to  the  quality  of  his  trade  and  worke,  to  be 
estimated,  if  he  shall  not  be  contented,  by  the  Governor  and  officers  of  the 
place  where  he  worketh. 

Be  it  further  ordained  by  this  General  Assembly,  and  we  doe  by  these 
presents  enacte,  that  all  contractes  made  in  England  between  the  owners 
of  the  lande  and  their  Tenants  and  Servantes  which  they  shall  sende 
hither,  may  be  caused  to  be  duely  performed,  and  that  the  offenders  be 
punished  as  the  Governour  and  Counsell  of  Estate  shall  thinke  just  and 

Be  it  established  also  by  this  present  Assembly  that  no  crafty  or  advanta- 
gious  means  be  suffered  to  be  put  in  practise  for  the  inticing  awaye  the 
Tenants  or  Servants  of  any  particular  plantation  from  the  place  where 
they  are  seatted.  And  that  it  shalbe  the  duty  of  the  Governor  and  Coun- 
sell of  Estate  most  severely  to  punish  both  the  seducers  and  the  seduced, 
and  to  returne  these  latter  into  their  former  places. 

Be  it  further  enacted  that  the  orders  for  the  Magazin  lately  made  be 
exactly  kepte,  and  that  the  Magazin  be  preserved  from  wrong  and  sinister 
practises,  and  that  according  to  the  orders  of  courte  in  Englande  all  To- 
bacco and  sasafras  be  brought  by  the  Planters  to  the  Cape  marchant  till 
suche  time  as  all  the  goods  nowe  or  heretofore  sent  for  the  Magazin  be 
taken  off  their  hands  at  the  prices  agreed  on.  That  by  this  meanes  the 
same  going  for  Englande  with  one  hande  the  price  thereof  may  be  uphelde 
the  better.  And  to  that  ende  that  all  the  whole  Colony  may  take  notice 
of  the  last  order  of  Courte  made  in  Englande  and  all  those  whom  it  con- 
cerneth  may  knowe  howe  to  observe  it,  we  holde  it  fitt  to  publishe  it  here 
for  a  lawe  among  the  rest  of  our  lawes.     The  which  order  is  as  followeth : 

Upon  the  26  of  October,  1618,  it  was  ordered  that  the  Magazin  should 
continue  during  the  terme  formerly  prefixed  and  that  ccrtaine  abuses  now 
complained  of  should  be  reformed  and  that  for  preventing  of  all  Imposi- 
tions save  the  allowance  of  25  in  the  hundred  proffitt,  the  Governor  shall 
have  an  invoice  as  well  as  the  Cape  Marchant,  that  if  any  abuse  in  the 
sale  of  the  goods  be  offered,  wee  upon  Intelligence  and  due  examination 


thereof,  shall  see  it  correctede.  And  for  incouragement  of  particular 
hundreds,  as  Smj^the's  hundred,  Martin's  hundred,  Lawnes'  hundred,  and 
the  like,  it  is  agreed  that  what  comodoties  are  reaped  upon  anie  of  these 
General  Colonies,  it  shalbe  lawefull  for  them  to  returne  the  same  to  their 
owne  adventurers.  Provided  that  the  same  comodity  be  of  their  owne 
growing,  without  trading  with  any  other,  in  one  entyre  lumpe,  and  not 
dispersed  and  that  at  the  determination  of  the  jointe  stocke,  the  goods  then 
remaining  in  the  Magazin  shalbe  bought  by  the  said  particular  Colonies 
before  any  other  goods  M^iich  shall  be  sente  by  private  men.  And  it  was 
moreover  ordered  that  if  the  lady  la  warre,  the  Lady  Dale,  Captain  Bar- 
grave  and  the  rest,  would  unite  themselves  into  a  settled  Colony  they 
might  be  capable  of  the  same  priviledges  that  are  graunted  to  any  of  the 
foresaid  hundreds.     Hitherto  the  order. 

All  the  general  Assembly  by  voices  concluded  not  only  the  acceptance 
and  observation  of  this  order,  but  of  the  Instruction  also  to  Sir  George 
Yeardley  next  preceding  the  same.  Provided  first,  that  the  Cape  Mar- 
chant  do  accepte  of  the  Tobacco  of  all  and  everie  the  Planters  here  in 
Virginia,  either  for  Goods  or  upon  billes  of  Exchange  at  three  shillings  the 
pounde  the  beste,  and  \^d  the  second  sorte.  Provided  also  that  the  billes 
be  only  payde  in  Englande.  Provided,  in  the  third  place,  that  if  any  other 
besides  the  Magazin  have  at  any  time  any  necessary  comodity  which  the 
Magazine  dothe  wante,  it  shall  and  may  be  lawfull  for  any  of  the  Colony 
to  buye  the  said  necessary  comodity  of  the  said  party,  but  upon  the  termes 
of  the  Magazin  viz:  allowing  no  more  gaine  then  25  in  the  hundred,  and 
that  with  the  leave  of  the  Governour.  Provided  lastly,  that  it  may  be 
lawfull  for  the  Governor  to  give  leave  to  any  Mariner,  or  any  other  person 
that  shall  have  any  suche  necessary  comodity  wanting  to  the  Magazin  to 
Carrie  home  for  Englande  so  muche  Tobacco  or  other  naturall  comodities 
of  the  Country  as  his  Customers  shall  pay  him  for  the  said  necessary 
comodity  or  comodities.  And  to  the  ende  we  may  not  only  persuade  and 
incite  men,  but  inforce  them  also  thoroughly  and  loyally  to  aire  their 
Tobacco  before  they  bring  it  to  the  Magazine,  be  it  enacted,  and  by  these 
presents  we  doe  enacte,  that  if  upon  the  Judgement  of  fower  sufficient 
men  of  any  incorporation  where  the  Magazine  shall  reside,  (having  first 
taken  their  oaths  to  give  true  sentence,  twoe  whereof  to  be  chosen  by  the 
Cape  Marchant  and  twoe  by  the  Incorporation),  any  Tobacco  whatsoever 

JULYS0,31,  AUGUST 2,8,4,1619  169 

shall  not  proove  vendible  at  the  second  price,  that  it  shall  there  imediately 
be  burnt  before  the  owner's  face.  Hitherto  suche  lawes  as  were  drawen 
out  of  the  Instructions. 

Tuesday,  Aug.  3,    1619. 

This  morning  a  thirde  sorte  of  lawes  (suche  as  might  proceed  out  of 
every  man's  private  conceipt)  were  read  and  referred  by  halves  to  the  same 
comitties  which  were  from  the  beginning. 

This  done,  Captaine  WiUiam  Powell  presented  to  the  Assembly  a  petition 
to  have  justice  against  a  lewde  and  trecherous  servante  of  his  who 
by  false  accusation  given  up  in  writing  to  the  Governor  sought  not  only 
to  gett  him  deposed  from  his  government  of  James  citty  and  utterly 
(according  to  the  Proclamation)  to  be  degraded  from  the  place  and  title 
of  a  Captaine,  but  to  take  his  life  from  him  also.  And  so  out  of  the  said 
Petition  sprang  this  order  following: 

Captaine  Wilham  Powell  presented  a  pettition  to  the  generall  Assem- 
bly against  one  Thomas  Garnett,  a  servant  of  his,  not  onely  for  extreame 
neglect  of  his  business  to  the  great  loss  and  prejudice  of  the  said  Captaine, 
and  for  openly  and  unpudently  abusing  his  house,  in  sight  both  of  Master 
and  Mistress,  through  wantonnes  v/ith  a  woman  servant  of  theirs,  a  wid- 
dowe,  but  also  for  falsely  accusing  him  to  the  Governor  both  of  Drunken- 
nes  and  Thefte,  and  besides  for  bringing  all  his  fellow  servants  to  testifie 
on  his  side,  wherein  they  justly  failed  him.  It  was  thought  fitt  by  the 
general  assembly  (the  Governour  himself  giving  sentence),  that  he  should 
stand  fower  dayes  with  his  eares  nayled  to  the  Pillory,  viz:  Wednesday, 
Aug.  4th,  and  so  hkewise  Thursday,  fryday,  and  Satturday  next  following, 
and  every  of  those  dayes  should  be  pubhquely  whipped.  Now,  as  touch- 
ing the  neglecte  of  his  worke,  what  satisfaction  ought  to  be  made  to  his  Mr 
for  that  is  referred  to  the  Governour  and  Counsell  of  Estate. 

The  same  morning  the  lawes  abovewritten,  dravv^en  out  of  the  instruc- 
tions, were  read,  and  one  by  one  thoroughly  examined,  and  then  passed 
once  again  the  general  consente  of  the  whole  Assembly. 

This  afternoon  the  comitties  brought  in  a  reporte,  what  they  had  done  as 
concerning  the  thirde  sorte  of  lawes,  the  discussing  whereof  spente  the 
residue  of  that  daye.     Exceptc  onely  the  consideration  of  a  pettiton  of 


Mr.  John  Rolfes  againste  Captaine  John  Martine  for  writing  a  letter  to 
him  wherein  (as  Mr.  Rolfe  alledgeth)  he  taxeth  him  both  unseemly  and 
amisse  of  certaine  thinges  wherein  he  was  never  faulty,  and  besides,  casteth 
some  aspersion  upon  the  present  government,  which  is  the  most  temperate 
and  juste  that  ever  was  in  this  country,  too  milde  indeed,  for  many  of  this 
Colony,  whom  unwoonted  liberty  hath  made  insolente  and  not  to  know 
themselves.  This  Petition  of  Mr.  Rolfes'  was  thought  fitt  to  be  referred 
to  the  Counsell  of  State. 

Wednesday,  Aug.  4th. 

This  daye  (by  reason  of  extream  heat,  both  paste  and  likely  to  ensue  and 
by  that  meanes  of  the  alteration  of  the  healthes  of  diverse  of  the 
general  Assembly)  the  Governour,  who  himself  also  was  not  well,  resolved 
should  be  the  last  of  this  first  session;  so  in  the  morning  the  Speaker  (as  he 
was  required  by  the  Assembly)  redd  over  all  the  lawes  and  orders  that  had 
formerly  passed  the  house,  to  give  the  same  yett  one  reviewe  more,  and  to 
see  whether  there  were  any  thing  to  be  amended  or  that  might  be  excepted 
againste.  This  being  done,  the  third  sorte  of  lawes  which  I  am  nowe 
coming  to  sett  downe,  were  read  over  [and]  thoroughly  discussed,  which, 
together  with  the  former,  did  now  passe  the  laste  and  finall  consente  of  the 
General  Assembly. 

A  iliirde  sorte  of  lawes,  suche  as  may  issue  out  of  every  man's  private  conceipte. 

It  shalbe  free  for  every  man  to  trade  with  the  Indians,  servants  onely 
excepted,  upon  paine  of  whipping,  unless  the  Mr.  will  redeeme  it  off  with 
the  payment  of  an  Angell,  one-fourth  parte  whereof  to  go  to  the  Provost 
Marshall  one  fourth  parte  to  the  discoverer,  and  the  other  moyty  to  the 
publique  uses  of  the  Incorporation. 

That  no  man  doe  sell  or  give  any  of  the  greatter  howes  to  the  Indians, 
or  any  English  dog  of  quality,  as  a  mastive,  greyhound,  bloodhounde,  lande 
or  water  spaniel,  or  any  other  dog  or  bitche  whatsoever,  of  the  Englishe 
race,  upon  paine  of  forfaiting  5s  sterling  to  the  publique  uses  of  the  Incor- 
poration where  he  dwelleth. 

That  no  man  do  sell  or  give  any  Indians  any  piece  shott  or  poulder,  or 
any  other   armes,  offensive  or  defensive  upon  paine   of  being  held  a 

JULY  SO,  31,  AUGUST  2,  3,  4,  1619  171 

Traytour  to  the  Colony,  and  of  being  hanged  as  soon  as  the  facte  is  proved, 
without  all  redemption. 

That  no  man  may  go  above  twenty  miles  from  his  dwelling-place,  nor 
upon  any  voiage  whatsoever  shalbe  absent  from  thence  for  the  space  of 
seven  dayes  together  without  first  having  made  the  Governor  or  comaunder 
of  the  same  place  acquainted  therwith,  upon  paine  of  paying  twenty 
shiUings  to  the  publique  uses  of  the  same  Incorporation  where  the  party 
delinquent  dwelleth. 

That  no  man  shall  purposely  goe  to  any  Indian  townes,  habitations  or 
places  or  resortes  without  leave  from  the  Governor  or  comaunder  of 
that  place  wher  he  liveth,  upon  paine  of  paying  40s  to  publique  uses  as 

That  no  man  living  in  this  Colony,  but  shall  between  this  and  the  first 
of  January  nexte  ensueing  come  or  sende  to  the  Secretary  of  Estate  to 
enter  his  own  and  all  his  servants'  names,  and  for  what  terme  or  upon  what 
conditions  they  are  to  serve,  upon  penalty  of  paying  40s  to  the  said  Secre- 
tary of  Estate.  Also,  whatsoever  M"  or  people  doe  come  over  to  this 
plantation  that  within  one  month  of  their  arrivall  (notice  being  first  given 
them  of  this  very  lawe)  they  shall  likewise  resorte  to  the  Secretary  of 
Estate  and  shall  certifie  him  upon  what  termes  or  conditions  they  be  come 
hither,  to  the  ende  that  he  may  recorde  their  grauntes  and  comissions,  and 
for  how  long  time  and  upon  what  conditions  their  servants  (in  case  they 
have  any)  are  to  serve  them,  and  that  upon  paine  of  the  penalty  nexte 
above  mentioned. 

All  Ministers  in  the  Colony  shall  once  a  year,  namely,  in  the  moneth  of 
Marche,  bring  to  the  Secretary  of  Estate  a  true  account  of  all  Christenings, 
burials  and  marriages,  upon  paine,  if  they  faill,  to  be  censured  for  their 
negligence  by  the  Governor  and  Counsell  of  Estate;  likemse,  where  there 
be  no  ministers,  that  the  comanders  of  the  place  doe  supply  the  same  duty. 

No  man,  without  leave  of  the  Governor,  shall  kiU  any  Neatt  cattle 
whatsoever,  young  or  olde,  especially  kine,  Heyfurs  or  cow-calves,  and 
shalbe  careful  to  perserve  their  steers  and  oxen,  and  to  bring  them  to  the 
plough  and  such  profitable  uses,  and  without  having  obtained  leave  as 


aforesaid,  shall  not  kill  them,  upon  penalty  of  forfaiting  the  value  of  the 
beast  so  killed. 

Whosoever  shall  take  any  of  his  neighbors'  boates,  oares,  or  canoas 
without  leave  from  the  owner  shalbe  helde  and  esteemed  as  a  felon  and  so 
proceeded  againste;  tho  hee  that  shall  take  away  by  violence  or  stelth  any 
canoas  or  other  thinges  from  the  Indians  shall  make  valuable  restitution 
to  the  said  Indians,  and  shall  forfaict,  if  he  be  a  freeholder,  five  pound; 
if  a  servant,  40s,  or  endure  a  whipping;  and  anything  under  the  value  of 
13d  shall  be  accounted  Petty  larcency. 

All  ministers  shall  duely  read  divine  service,  and  exercise  their  min- 
isterial function  according  to  the  Ecclesiastical  lawes  and  orders  of  the 
churche  of  Englande,  and  every  Sunday  in  the  afternoon  shall  Catechize 
suche  as  are  not  yet  ripe  to  come  to  the  Com.  And  whosoever  of  them 
shalbe  found  negligent  or  faulty  in  this  kinde  shalbe  subject  to  the  censure 
of  the  Governor  and  Counsell  of  Estate. 

The  Ministers  and  Churchwardens  shall  seeke  to  presente  all  ungodly 
disorders,  the  comitters  wherofe  if,  upon  goode  admonitions  and  milde 
reprooff,  they  will  not  forbeare  the  said  skandalous  offenses,  as  suspicions 
of  whordomes,  dishonest  company  keeping  with  weomen  and  suche  like, 
they  are  to  be  presented  and  punished  accordingly. 

If  any  person  after  two  warnings,  doe  not  amende  his  or  her  Ufe  in 
point  of  evident  suspicion  of  Incontincy  or  of  the  comission  of  any  other 
enormous  sinnes,  that  then  he  or  shee  be  presented  by  the  Churchwardens 
and  suspended  for  a  time  from  the  churche  by  the  minister.  In  which 
Interim  if  the  same  person  do  not  amende  and  humbly  submit  him  or  her- 
self to  the  churche,  he  is  then  fully  to  be  excomunicate  and  soon  after  a 
writt  or  warrant  to  be  sent  from  the  Governor  for  the  apprehending  of 
his  person  ande  seizing  on  all  his  goods.  Provided  alwayes,  that  aU  the 
ministers  doe  meet  once  a  quarter,  namely,  at  the  feast  of  St.  Michael  the 
Arkangell,  of  the  nativity  of  our  saviour,  of  the  Annuntiation  of  the  blessed 
Virgine,  and  about  midsomer,  at  James  citty  or  any  other  place  where  the 
Governor  shall  reside,  to  determine  whom  it  is  fitt  to  excomunicate,  and 
that  they  first  presente  their  opinion  to  the  Governor  ere  they  proceed  to 
the  acte  of  excomunication. 

JULY  SO,  SI,  AUGUST  2,  S,  4,  1619  173 

For  the  reformation  of  swearing,  every  freeman  and  Mr.  of  a  family 
after  thrise  admontion  shall  give  5s  or  the  value  upon  present  demaunde, 
to  the  use  of  the  church  where  he  dwelleth;  and  every  servant  after  the 
hke  admontion,  excepte  his  Mr.  discharge  the  fine,  shalbe  subject  to 
whipping.  Provided,  that  the  pajrment  of  the  fine  notwithstanding,  the 
said  servant  shall  acknowledge  his  faulte  publiquely  in  the  Churche. 

No  man  whatsoever,  coming  by  water  from  above,  as  from  Henrico, 
Charles  citty,  or  any  place  from  the  westwarde  of  James  citty,  and  being 
bound  for  Kiccowtan,  or  any  other  parte  on  this  side,  the  same  shall  pre- 
sume to  pass  by,  either  by  day  or  by  night,  without  touching  firste  here  at 
James  citty  to  knowe  whether  the  Governor  will  comande  him  any  service. 
And  the  like  shall  they  performe  that  come  from  Kicawtan  ward,  or  from 
any  place  between  this  and  that,  to  go  upwarde,  upon  paine  of  forfaiting 
ten  pound  sterling  a  time  to  the  Governor.  Provided,  that  if  a  servant 
having  had  instructions  from  his  Master  to  observe  this  lawe,  doe  not- 
withstanding, transgresse  the  same,  that  then  the  said  servant  shalbe  pun- 
ished at  the  Governor's  discretion;  otherwise,  that  the  master  himselfe 
shall  undergo  the  foresaid  penalty. 

No  man  shall  trade  into  the  baye,  either  in  shallop,  pinnace,  or  ship,  with- 
out the  Governor's  license,  and  without  putting  in  security  that  neither 
himself  nor  his  Company  shall  force  or  wrong  the  Indians,  upon  paine  that, 
doing  otherwise,  they  shalbe  censured  at  their  returne  by  the  Governor 
and  Counsell  of  Estate. 

All  persons  whatsoever  upon  the  Sabaoth  daye  shall  frequente  divine 
service  and  sermons  both  forenoon  and  afternoon,  and  all  suche  as  beare 
armes  shall  bring  their  pieces  swordes,  poulder  and  shotte.  And  every  one 
that  shall  transgresse  this  lawe  shall  forfaicte  three  shilUnges  a  time  to  the 
use  of  the  churche,  all  lawful  and  necessary  impediments  excepted.  But 
if  a  servant  in  this  case  shall  wilfully  neglecte  his  Mr's  comande  he  shall 
suffer  bodily  punishmente. 

No  maide  or  woman  servant,  either  now  resident  in  the  Colonic  or 
hereafter  to  come,  shall  contract  herselfe  in  marriage  without  either  the 
consent  of  her  parents,  or  of  her  Mr  or  Mris,  or  of  the  magistrate  and 
minister  of  the  place  both  together.     And  whatsoever  minister  shall  marry 

1282—33 13 


or  contracte  any  suche  persons  without  some  of  the  foresaid  consentes 
shalbe  subjecte  to  the  severe  censure  of  the  Governor  and  Counsell  of 


Be  it  enacted  by  this  present  assembly  that  whatsoever  servant  hath 
heretofore  or  shall  hereafter  contracte  himselfe  in  England,  either  by  way 
of  Indenture  or  otherwise,  to  serve  any  Master  here  in  Virginia  and  shall 
afterward,  against  his  said  former  contracte  depart  from  his  Mr  without 
leave,  or,  being  once  imbarked  shall  abandon  the  ship  he  is  appointed  to 
come  in,  and  so,  being  lefte  behinde,  shall  putt  himselfe  into  the  service  of 
any  other  man  that  will  bring  him  hither,  that  then  at  the  same  servant's 
arrival  here,  he  shall  first  serve  out  his  time  with  that  Mr  that  brought 
him  hither  and  afterward  also  shall  serve  out  his  time  with  his  former  Mr 
according  to  his  covenant. 

Here  ende  the  lawes. 

All  these  lawes  being  thus  concluded  and  consented  to  as  aforesaid 
Captaine  Henry  Spellman  was  called  to  the  barre  to  answere  to  certaine 
misdemeanors  layde  to  his  chardge  by  Robert  Poole,  interpretour,  upon 
his  oath  (whose  examination  the  Governor  sente  into  England  in  the 
Prosperus),  of  which  accusations  of  Poole  some  he  acknowledged  for  true, 
but  the  greattest  part  he  denyed.  Whereupon  the  General  Assembly 
having  throughly  heard  and  considered  his  speaches,  did  constitute  this 
order  following  against  him: 

Aug.  4th,  1619. 

This  day  Captaine  Henry  Spelman  was  con  vented  before  the  General 
Assembly  and  was  examined  by  a  relation  upon  oath  of  one  Robert  Poole, 
Interpreter,  what  conference  had  passed  between  the  said  Spelman  and 
Opochancano  at  Poole's  meeting  with  him  in  Opochancano's  courte. 
Poole  chardgeth  him  he  spake  very  unreverently  and  maliciously  against 
this  present  Governor,  whereby  the  honour  and  dignity  of  his  place  and 
person,  and  so  of  the  whole  Colonie,  might  be  brought  into  contempte,  by 
which  meanes  what  mischiefs  might  ensue  from  the  Indians  by  disturbance 
of  the  peace  or  otherwise,  may  easily  be  conjectured.  Some  thinges  of 
this  relation  Spelman  confessed,  but  the  most  parte  he  denyed,  excepte 
onely  one  matter  of  importance,  and  that  was  that  he  hade  informed 

JULY  30,  SI,  AUGUST  2,  3,  4,  1619  175 

Opochancano  that  within  a  yeare  there  would  come  a  Governor  greatter 
then  this  that  nowe  is  in  place.  By  which  and  by  other  reportes  it  seemeth 
he  hath  alienated  the  minde  of  Opochancano  from  this  present  Governour, 
and  brought  him  in  much  disesteem,  both  with  Opochancano  and  the 
Indians,  and  the  whole  Colony  in  danger  of  their  slippery  designes. 

The  general  assembly  upon  Poole's  testimony  onely  not  wilhng  to  putt 
Spelman  to  the  rigour  and  extremity  of  the  lawe  which  might,  perhaps  both 
speedily  and  deservedly,  have  taken  his  life  from  him  (upon  the  witness  of 
one  whom  he  muche  excepted  against)  were  pleased,  for  the  present,  to 
censure  him  rather  out  of  that  his  confession  above  written  then  out  of 
any  other  prooffe.  Several  and  sharpe  punishments  were  pronounced 
against  him  by  diverse  of  the  Assembly,  But  in  fine  the  whole  courte  by 
voices  united  did  encline  to  the  most  favorable,  which  was  that  for  this 
misdemeanour  he  should  first  be  degraded  of  his  title  of  Captaine,  at  the 
head  of  the  troupe,  and  should  be  condemned  to  performe  seven  years 
service  to  the  Colony  in  the  nature  of  Interpreter  to  the  Governour. 

This  sentence  being  read  to  Spelman  he,  as  one  that  had  in  him  more 
of  the  Savage  then  of  the  Christian,  muttered  certaine  wordes  to  himselfe 
neither  shewing  any  remorse  for  his  offenses,  nor  yet  any  thankfulness  to 
the  Assembly  for  theire  sofavourable  censure,  which  he  at  one  time  or 
another  (God's  grace  not  wholly  abandoning  hhn)  might  with  some  one 
service  have  been  able  to  have  redeemed. 

This  day  also  did  the  Inhabitants  of  Paspaheigh,  alias  Argall's  towne, 
present  a  petition  to  the  general  assembly  to  give  them  an  absolute  dis- 
charge from  certain  bondes  wherein  they  stand  bound  to  Captain  Samuell 
Argall  for  the  payment  of  600""  and  to  Captain  William  Powell,  at  Captaine 
Argall's  appointment,  for  the  payment  of  50""  more.  To  Captaine  Argall 
for  15  skore  acres  of  wooddy  ground,  called  by  the  name  of  Argal's  towne 
or  Paspaheigh;  to  Captaine  Powell  in  respect  of  his  paines  in  clearing  the 
grounde  and  building  the  houses,  for  which  Captaine  Argal  ought  to  have 
given  hmi  satisfaction.  Nowe,  the  general  assembly  being  doubtful 
whether  they  have  any  power  and  authority  to  discharge  the  said  bondes, 
doe  by  these  presents  (at  the  Instance  of  the  said  Inhabitants  of  Pas- 
paheigh, alias  Martin's  hundred  people)  become  most  humble  sutours  to 


the  Treasurer,  Counsell  and  Company  in  England  that  they  wilbe  pleased 
to  gett  the  said  bondes  for  600 ""  to  be  cancelled;  forasmuche  as  in  their 
great  comission  they  have  expressly  and  by  name  appointed  that  place  of 
Paspaheigh  for  parte  of  the  Governour's  lande.  And  whereas  Captain 
William  Powell  is  payde  his  50  which  Captain  Argall  enjoined  the  saide 
Inhabitantes  to  presente  him  with,  as  parte  of  the  bargaine,  the  general 
assembly,  at  their  intreaty,  do  become  sutours  on  their  behalfe,  that 
Captaine  Argall,  by  the  Counsell  and  Company  in  England,  may  be  com- 
pelled either  to  restore  the  said  50"'  from  thence,  or  else  that  restitution 
thereof  be  made  here  out  of  the  goods  of  the  said  Captaine  Argall. 

The  last  acte  of  the  Generall  Assembly  was  a  contribution  to  gratifie  their 
officers,  as  followeth: 

Aug.  4th,  1619. 

It  is  fully  agreed  at  this  general  Assembly  that  in  regard  of  the  great 
paines  and  labour  of  the  Speaker  of  this  Assembly  (who  not  onely  first 
formed  the  same  Assembly  and  to  their  great  ease  and  expedition  reduced 
all  matters  to  be  treatted  of  into  a  ready  method,  but  also  his  indisposition 
notwithstanding  wrote  or  dictated  all  orders  and  other  expedients  and  is 
yet  to  write  severall  bookes  for  all  the  Generall  Incorporations  and  planta- 
tions both  of  the  great  charter,  and  of  all  the  lawes)  and  likewise  in  respecte 
of  the  diligence  of  the  Gierke  and  sergeant,  officers  thereto  belonging. 
That  every  man  and  manservant  of  above  16  yeares  of  age  shall  pay  into 
the  handes  and  Custody  of  the  Burgesses  of  every  Incorporation  and 
plantation  one  pound  of  the  best  Tobacco,  to  be  distributed  to  the  Speaker 
and  likewise  to  the  Gierke  and  sergeant  of  the  Assembly,  according  to 
their  degrees  and  rankes,  the  whole  bulke  whereof  to  be  delivered  into  the 
Speaker's  handes,  to  be  divided  accordingly.  And  in  regarde  the  Provost 
Marshall  of  James  citty  hath  also  given  some  attendance  upon  the  said 
General  Assembly,  he  is  also  to  have  a  share  out  of  the  same.  And  this  is 
to  begin  to  be  gathered  the  24th  of  February  nexte. 

In  conclusion,  the  whole  Assembly  comaunded  the  Speaker  (as  nowe 
he  doth)  to  present  their  humble  excuse  to  the  Treasurer  Counsell  and 
Company  in  England  for  being  constrained  by  the  intemperature  of  the 
weather  and  the  falling  sick  of  diverse  of  the  Burgesses  to  breake  up  so 
abruptly — before  they  had  so  much  as  putt  their  lawes  to  the  ingrossing. 

JULY  30,  SI,  AUGUST  2,  3,  4,  1619  177 

This  they  wholly  comited  to  the  fidehty  of  their  speaker,  who  therin 
(his  conscience  telles  him)  hath  done  the  parte  of  an  honest  man,  otherwise 
he  would  be  easily  founde  out  by  the  Burgesses  themselves,  who  with  all 
expedition  are  to  have  so  many  bookes  of  the  same  lawes  as  there  be  both 
Incorporations  and  Plantations  in  the  Colony. 

In  the  seconde  place,  the  Assembly  doth  most  humbly  crave  pardon 
that  in  so  shorte  a  space  they  could  bring  their  matter  to  no  more  perfec- 
tion, being  for  the  present  enforced  to  sende  home  titles  rather  then  lawes, 
Propositions  rather  then  resolutions,  Attemptes  then  Acchievements, 
hoping  their  courtesy  will  accepte  our  poor  endevour,  and  their  wisedome 
wilbe  ready  to  supporte  the  weakness  of  this  little  flocke. 

Thirdly,  the  General  Assembly  doth  humbly  beseech  the  said  Treas- 
urer, Counsell  and  Company,  that  albeit  it  belongeth  to  them  onely  to 
alio  we  or  to  abrogate  any  lawes  which  we  shall  here  make,  and  that  it  is 
their  right  so  to  doe,  yet  that  it  would  please  them  not  to  take  it  in  ill  parte 
if  these  lawes  wliich  we  have  now  brought  to  light,  do  passe  currant  and 
be  of  force  till  suche  time  as  we  may  knowe  their  farther  pleasure  out  of 
Englande:  for  otherwise  this  people  (who  no  we  at  length  have  gotten  the 
raines  of  former  servitude  into  their  owne  swindge)  would  in  shorte  time 
growe  so  insolent,  as  they  would  shake  off  all  government,  and  there  would 
be  no  living  among  them. 

Their  last  humble  suite  is,  that  the  said  Counsell  and  Company  would 
be  pleased,  so  soon  as  the}^  shall  finde  it  convenient,  to  make  good  their 
promise  sett  downe  at  the  conclusion  of  their  commission  for  estabhshing 
the  Counsel  of  Estate  and  the  General  Assembly,  namely,  that  they  will 
give  us  power  to  allowe  or  disallowe  of  their  orders  of  Courte,  as  his 
Majesty  hath  given  them  power  to  allowe  or  to  reject  our  lawes. 

In  sume  Sir  George  Yeardley,  the  Governour  prorogued  the  said 
General  Assembly  till  the  firste  of  Marche,  which  is  to  fall  out  this  present 
yeare  of  1619,  and  in  the  mean  season  dissolved  the  same. 


LXVI.  The  Cost  of  Furnishing  the  "Margaret" 

July,  August,  and  September,  1619 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  Smyth,  3  (13)-(16),  Pages  79-93 

Document  in  the  New  York  Public  Library 

List  of  Records  No.  117 

[79]         Payment  for  things  bought  in  London  by  M""  Thorpe  in  July.  1619.' 

Impr  for  .24.  muskets xxiiij" 

Itm  for  .4800.  of  beades  in  .12.  bundles  of  the  smaller  sort..  xxxij^ 

Itm  for  .1200.  of  beads  in  .3.  bundles  of  the  greater  sort xij^ 

Itm  for  a  chest  to  send  downe  the  things xix^ 

Itm  for  .3.  barrels  of  gunpowder  contayning  .300" xij"         xvi^ 

Itm  double  caske  for  the  powder vj^ 

Itm  one  qjter  of  a  hundred  of  match x^ 

Itm  caske  for  the  matche xij"* 

lEm  for  .16.  swordes iiij"        viij^ 

Itm  .16.  belts xxvi^        viij'' 

Itm  .16.  bandeleres xlij^ 

Itm  .40".  waight  of  copper iij" 

Itm  .3.  great  grosse  of  thread  buttons xxi^ 

Itm  for  .4.  steell  mills viij" 

Itm  for  .30.  sorts  of  garden  seeds xxij^ 

Itm  for  a  bouch  barrell iij^ 

Itm  for  .2.  church  bibles iij"          vj^        viij"' 

Itm  for  .2.  comon  prayer  book? xiiij^ 

Itm  .3.  book?  of  the  practise  of  piety vij^ 

Itm  .3.  book?  of  the  playne  man's  path  way iij^          vi** 

Itm  Anyseeds  halfe  a  hundred xxviij^ 

Itm  six  pound  of  comin  seed uij^ 

Itm  wormseed  halfe  a  pound ij^          vj'^ 

Itm  ffenne  greek  vj" xx'' 

Itm  halfe  a  pound  of  Almonds viij'* 

Itm  a  barrel  to  put  the  seeds  in xv* 

Itm  to  Richard  Godfry  for  his  tooles  brought  downe  w*"  him.  xx^ 

Itm  to  him  for  his  &  his  mans  charge  downe x^ 

Itm  to  Toby  ffelgate  maryner  and  his  mans  charges  downe.  xxij^ 

'  The  figures  of  cost  are  given  in  one  column  in  the  original;  it  has  been  thought  best  to  print 
them  here  in  three  columns. 

XI  f 


















XXX  VI]  ' 




[80]    Payment  for  things  bought  at  Bristoll  and  in  the  Cuntry  in  August  and  Sep- 
tember .1619. 

Impr.  for  .5.  grosse  of  poynts 

ffor  xij"  of  browne  thread 

ffor  .2.  bolts  of  black  thread 

ffor  one  bolt  of  black  thread 

ffor  one  grosse  of  garteringe 

ffor  .200.  of  needles 

ffor  .300.  carter  and  .25"  waight  of  cheese 

ffor  sLx  pound  of  glue 

ffor  carvinge  tooles  for  Rich  Godfry 

ffor  the  cariage  of  empty  cask  to  the  bark 

ft'or  Richard  Partridges  horsmeat 

ffor  waighinge  the  cheese  and  caryinge  it  to  the  storehouse.. 

ffor  a  bushell  of  mustard  seed vij° 

ffor  one  barrell  of  oatmeall  .5.  bushels xxi' 

ffor  .2.  dozen  of  hatchets 

ffor  shoothreads 

ffor  .2.  waineropes  waighing  .42"  at  iiij'' 

ffor  half  a  reame  of  pap 

ffor  .33."  diof  sope 

The  caske  to  put  it  in 

ffor  .2.  pound  of  brimstone 

ffor  .12.  woodden  platters iij' 

ffor  .12.  woodden  dishes 

ffor  .6.  woodden  bouls ij' 

ffor  .6.  home  cups 

ffor  .3.  dozen  of  woodden  spoones 

ffor  .2.  dozen  of  trenchers 

ffor  .2.  dozen  of  trenchers  more 

ffor  one  dozen  of  skiminge  dishes  &  sawcers 

ffor  .4.  candlestick? 

ffor  .6.  quarter  cans  .xviij'*  and  .3.  small  cans  ix^ ij' 

ffor  taps  cannels  and  a  ladle 

ffor  a lanthorne 

ffor  a  deep  wodden  boul  to  make  mustard  in 

ffor  .5.  dozen  of  handkercheifs  at  .v""  | 

ffor  .5.  dozen  of  falling  bands  at  .8'  the  dozen 

ffor  .28.  payr  of  y arne  stocldns  at  xvj"^ 

Sm"— xvj'  \Y  iiij''- 

ffor  .3.  spits  and  one  payr  of  andirons xiij* 

ffor  .2.  lock?  for  doores i.i° 



















ffor  .4.  rings  for  bittles  and  one  spit 

ff or  .7.  wedges 

ffor  .3.  hammers  and  round  rings  for  chesils  and  other  tooles. 

ffor  .3.  dozen  cti  of  rings  more 

ffor  .2.  padlocks 

ffor  .2 .  Crowes  and  one  pickaxe 

ffor  .2.  dozen  of  Jemells  and  .2.  shooing  horns 

ffor  .3.  squaringe  axes 

ffor  .4.  chesils 

ffor  .3.  Adises  and  a  spokeshave 

ffor  .17.  borriers  and  a  drawing  knife 

ffor  .2.  handsawes 

ffor  .14.  planinge  irons  and  a  hammer 

ffor  one  payr  of  spinsers 

ffor  .2.  Cawkinge  irons  and  .5.  formers 

ffor  .4.  hatchets 

ffor  .6.  hatchets 

ffor  .4.  lock?  for  doores 

ffor  .2.  long  sawes  .2.  tenant  sawes  &  one  file 

ffor  .8.  iron  wedges  waighinge  .46.'"  at  iij"* 

ffor  .7.  payr  of  hookC  &  twist? 

ffor  .7.  staples  for  doores 

ffor  .2.  squires 

ffor  Carpenters  lynes 

ffor  .2.  frying  pans  waighinge  .10."  qjter  .3.  ozes 

ffor  .2.  payr  of  bellowes 

ffor  .3.  z-eaphook? 

ffor  .2.  gredirons 

ffor  .2.  spades 

ffor  .6.  compasses 

ffor  .1.  dozen  of  files 

ffor  one  dozen  of  nalle  blades 

ffor  .4.  whetstones 

ffor  .2.  payr  of  taylors  sheares 

ffor  one  dozen  of  wimble  bits 

ffor  one  payr  of  skales 

ffor  one  longe  thirt  sawe 

ffor  .100.  of  overlopnayles 

ffor  .300.  of  culford  nayles 

Smi  ix"  vij°  ij*. 

ffor  .500.  of  X*  nayles 

ffor  .1000.  of  8*  nayles 





11  j' 

























VI  j' 

























11  j' 
































ffor  .2000.  of  vj"*  nayles 

ffor  .500.  of  iiij'*  nayles 

ffor  .1000.  of  iij'*  nayles 

ffor  .1000.  of  bushell  nayles 

ffor  .4000.  of  lath  nayles 

ffor  .300.  of  stone  nayles 

ffor  .2000.  of  sparrowe  bills 

ffor  .1000.  of  iij'*  hobnayles , 

ffor  .2.  plate  drippinge  pans 

ffor  .3.  peeces  of  vettery  canvas  of  .86.  76. ^  and  .30.  Toto  . 

.192.  els  I  at  14"  |  per  ell  is xj' 

ffor  .129.  yards  di  of  gray  welsh  frise  at  .15"  §  the  yard viij' 

ffor  .30.  caps  and  bands 

ffor  .12.  chesils  and  .3.  gouges 

ffor  .2.  drawinge  knives  &  .2.  knives  to  make  trenchers 

ffor  .3.  hatchets 

ffor  .3 .  axes 

ffor  one  handsawe 

ffor  .2.  turning  irons  one  round  spokeshave  and  one  taper 

bit xxij<* 

ffor  a  Coops  hatchet  and  an  axe,  one  borrier  and  an  Adis vj' 

ffor  .2.  files  and  .2.  planinge  irons xij** 

ffor  a  spokeshave  and  .2.  bench  hook? xij" 

ffor  a  cleavinge  saxe xviij" 

ffor  .3.  small  filos  .6.  taylors  tliimbles  and  i"  of  wyer ij' 

ffor  .3.  pickaxes viij' 

ffor  .2.  sledges vj" 

ffor  .2.  threvets V 

ffor  .2.  pothangings V 

ffor  .2.  payr  of  pothook? ij' 

ffor  .2.  bill  hook? xviij'* 

ffor  .2.  tillers  for  sawes  and  six  truels vj'         iiij" 

ffor  .2.  gimlets xij" 

Smi  XX viij"  ij'  xj" 

ffor  .8.  grosse  of  buttons V         iiij" 

ffor  colored  thread xij** 

ffor  .12.  dozen  of  black  haire  buttons ij° 

ffor  .15.  gallons  of  aqua  vite  at  .4'  the  gallon iij'' 

ffor  the  cask  to  put  it  in xviij" 

ffor  a  course  of  waights xvij" 

ffor  .5.  tun  &  an  halfe  of  beere xj''  xj' 

ffor  .3.  yards  of  black  frise iiij' 


ffor  .304"  of  lead  at  xi^  the  hundred 

ffor  .5.  ropes  of  oynions 

ffor  one  payr  of  compasses 

ffor  .2.  payr  of  plyers 

ffor  one  markinge  punch 

ffor  .4.  coold  chisels 

ffor  mending  the  lock  of  the  chest 

ffor  .5.  irons  for  scrues 

ffor  one  longe  pasture  bit 

ffor  one  small  vice 

ffor  .21"  of  chalke 

ffor  halfe  a  pound  of  black  lead 

ffor  .3.  axes 

ffor  one  lave  iron  for  the  Couper 

ffor  one  great  playne  iron  one  spokeshave  and  one  tap  bit-- 
ffor  one  axetree  &  other  iron  for  the  mills  waighinge  .62"  at 

.iij''  §.  the  pound 

ffor  a  hook  bill 

ffor  .2.  fromwards 

ffor  .2.  sawes 

ffor  a  Coops  knife 

ffor  one  holdfast 

ffor  .12.  plaine  irons 

ffor  one  payr  of  pinsers 

ffor  a  rubbinge  skin 

ffor  .4.  skins  for  aprons 

ffor  .9.  peircer  bits 

ffor  .8.  planinge  irons 

ffor  one  peircer  stocke 

ffor  .2.  rabbet  plaines 

ffor  a  kettle  waighinge  .22"  di  and  for  an  iron  band  to  it 

ffor  maldnge  of  .35.  shirts 

ffor  more  shoothreads 

ffor  .12.  skins  for  aprons 

Sm5  22-  14^  8?. 

ffor  .15.  yards  of  frize 

ffor  makinge  the  bread  roome  in  the  ship  and  for  carying 

abord  the  bread  and  water iij" 

ffor  .200.  ells  of  canvas  at  .14''  q,.  the  ell xj' 

ffor  .194.  els  more  at  .14'^  ob.  the  ell xj' 

ffor  .19.  els  I  of  dowlas  at  xv]"* 

ffor  .8.  els  of  dowlas  for  sheets «¥J^ 








XV  j'' 





















































XXVI] ' 
















ffor  makinge  of  .16.  payr  of  sheets 

ffor  makinge  of  .15.  bolsters 

ffor  makinge  the  dowlas  sheets 

ffor  .8000.  of  biskets Iiij" 

ffor  .4.  iron  pots 

ffor  .10.  pyke  heads 

ffor  .26."  of  bacon 

ffor  nayles  for  a  boat 

To  the  boatmen  that  brought  the  sider 

ffor  maldng  of  .20.  sutes  of  apparell  to  John  Warden 

ffor  a  saine  or  fishingc  net vj" 

ffor  exchange  of  the  waine  ropes 

ffor  the  saine  rope 

ffor  xxx"  of  packthread 

ffor  ten  els  half  quarter  of  taffata  sarsnet  at  viij* iiij " 

ffor  one  ounce  of  silk 

for  one  ell  of  buckrom 

ffor  makinge  the  Ancient 

ffor  a  drum 

ffor  .19.  tun  di  of  cask^  pte  at  .13'  and  pt  at  .12^  the  tun,  and 

for  iron  hoopes  for  them  and  for  headinge  them  and  for 

nayles  and  other  work  done  by  the  cooper xvij'' 

Itm  payd  to  m""  ffelgate  for  cariage  of   .700"   waight  from 

London,  for  the  hire  of  a  horse,  his  owne  charge  and 

his  mans  to  Bristoll,  and  for  his  mans  work  there  as  by 

his  bill  appeareth  besides  .22'  payd  by  m"'  Thorpe iiij" 

To  John  Barker  for  .4.  Journies  by  night  and  by  day  to 


payd  for  hallage  of  dyu^s  tilings  to  the  ship  from  seu^all 


ffor  work  done  about  the  cookroome  in  the  ship  and  for 

cawking  the  bread  roome  and  other  work 

Sm5  127ii-  23''  ob. 
ffor  the  dyet  of  ourselves  and  servants  in  Bristoll  till  thurs- 

day  .16.  Septembr xxxj' 

ffor  billets 

ffor  a  black  boxe 

ffor  bags  to  put  nayles  in ^"^ 

ffor  buttons  and  thread ^^ 

To  Walter  Hampton  in  lieu  of  a  nue  sute  of  apparell x" 

ffor  .2.  dozen  and  iiij"  of  butter viij'       viij" 

ffor  the  Ancient  pyke  staffe  and  tassell ix' 















ffor  .2.  meltinge  ladles 

ff or  salt 

ffor  a  compas,  sawe,  .2.  chesils  &  a  gouge 

ffor  buttons 

ffor  .8.  yards  of  frize 

ffor  bread  and  wine  for  the  comunion 

ffor  a  basket  to  pack  things  in 

ffor  .18.  mats  to  lodge  vpon 

ffor  an  iron  mortar  and  pestle  of  18. li 

ffor  .13.  stone  and  .l.Ti  of  stock? 

ffor  small  tooles  for  the  Cooper 

ffor  .2.  pomps  for  beere 

ffor  nayles  in  the  Cookroome 

ffor  haire 

ffor  th'expenses  of  fferdinando  yate  in  .2.  Journies  to  Clower- 

wall  and  .2.  to  Bristoll  about  hiringe  the  ship 

ffor  a  payr  of  scrues  of  his  w*""  he  lent  for  the  vse  about  the 

ship  at  Tatcombe 

ffor  iij"  of  pepp  and  iiij"  of  ginger 

ffor  flint  stones 

ffor  the  lodginge  of  the  servant?  and  washinge  of  their  clothes. 

ffor  inke 

ffor  .8.  yards  of  gray  frize  for  the  captayne 

ffor  .4.  yards  of  bayes  for  him 

ffor  .8.  yards  of  frize  for  the  pilot 

To  the  Couper  vpon  another  bill 

ffor  a  sldmmer 

ffor  makinge  .14.  sutes  of  apparell 

Sm5  44"   W 
M'  Berkeley 

ffor  .1500.  offish vj' 

ffor  .128.ti  of  butter 

ffor  .224.n  of  cheese 

ffor  .50.Ti  of  suet 

ffor  .30.  spades 

ffor  .3.  Corslets  and  .2.  Callivers  furnished vj' 

by  m''  Langly 

ffor  .200.  payr  of  shooes xxiij ' 

Payd  towards  the  charges  of  the  patent 

To  Henry  Gayny  in  reward 

Spent  at  Awst  at  one  meeting.  xx=  and  at  another.  xj°  vj*_ 


xxiij  ^ 










































fFor  makinge  of  Rowland  Painters  clothes  and  his  sonnes-  iij" 

ffor  .2.  quire  of  paper  for  them vj" 

flfor  a  chest  for  him v' 


Ready  mony  payd  by  m""  Berkeley  sent  to  Bristoll  in 

September x  viij " 

And  to  Partridge  when  he  went  into  Ireland  for  the  ship.       xxx" 
Payd  by  the  hands  of  m"'  Yeomans  more  to  Partridge  in 

mony v" 

Payd  more  in  mony  to  Partridge  by  m"'  Langley iij" 

Also  payd  more  by  m''  Langly  to  Danyell  Adams x^ 

Also  by  m"'  Berkley  to  the  same  Adams x° 

Sm5  103"  4^    8" 

Recouped  in  this  page 56" 


Captayne  Woodleefs  bill.  September.   1619. 

The  passage  of  his  fower  men  in  Aprill  last  by  composicon_.    xxiiij" 

Two  sutes  of  clothes  for  each  of  them  at  .viij^  the  peece iij"         iiij" 

Twelve  shirts  for  them  at  iij'  the  peece xxxvj' 

Their  stockins  shooes  and  caps xl° 

ffower  quilted  flockbeds  .4.  blankets  and  .4.  pillowes xxiiij' 

.4.  barrels  of  meale  .4.  barrels  of  pease vj" 

Charges  in  their  dyet  whilest  they  stayed  for  shippinge  at  S' 

Katherines xxxvj' 

In  ernest  to  m"'  Wittms  towards  the  hire  of  the  ship .xliiij' 

In  the  dyet  of  his  .4.  men  nowe  at  Bristoll  in  London,  and 

their  travell  hither,  and  here  at  Bristoll  till  they  were 

vnited  with  the  others vij"  v'        viij'' 

ffor  .2000.  of  .x^  nayles .xiiij' 

ffor  .4000.  of  .vj*  nayles 

ffor  .1000.  of  .4"^  and  .3"  nayles 

ffor  .5.  payr  of  hook?  and  hinges 

ffor  .4.  stock  locks 

ffor  .4.  padlock?  sorted 

ffor  .4.  portall  latches  and  .4.  bolts 

ffor  .2.  black  bolts  and  staples 

ffor  .2.  felling  a.xes 

ffor  one  hatchet 

ffor  one  payr  of  pot  rackes 

ffor  .2.  payr  of  pot  hooks 

ffor  .1.  payr  of  tonngs  and  §side§  shovell 

ffor  one  payr  of  andirons 






















flfor  .2."  of  wyer xvji 

ffor  a  grediron xviij" 

ffor  a  Carpenters  hammer xij^ 

ffor  .2.  small  howes iij'        iiij*^ 

ffor  i"  of  packthread viij'' 

ffor  six  awles ii] 

ffor  a  barrell 4^ 

Payd  in  redy  mony  to  the  stock xj"       xiiij' 

Sm*  total  layd  out  by  m''  Woodleefe  towards  his 

shares Ixv" 

Recouped  in  this  page,  xj"  xiiij' 

Payd  to  John  Singer  Surgeon  for  his  chest  of  drugs  &c P 

(he  went  not  therfore  to  bee  repayd)' 

ffor  a  paperbook  for  the  Virginia  patents 

To  Edmond  Cole  sent  from  Awst  w*"  our  Joynt  Tres  to  London 

and  Oxford  man  and  horse  8.  dayes 

Messengers  wages  to  Coventry,  MangoUeffild  Bristoll  and 
Stoke  w*"  Ires  and  thrise  to  Littleton  about  wheat  at 

seu^all  tymes 

ffor  .20.  bushels  of  .3.  yeare  old  wheat v' 

Dyet  payd  at  Bristoll  in  mony 

ffor  .4.  iron  cramps  to  bind  the  bottome  and  top  of  the  great 


To  Wiltm  Peirse  for  a  longe  howe  &  axe  helved 

To  Humfry  Plant  for  a  longe  sawe.  v'  tiller  xij'*  wrest  vj'' 

compasses  iiij"*  squire,  xvj"*  line  &  reele  uij'* 

Charges  of  plowemen  and  others  at  Barkly  with  .3.  waines 
and  .4.  horses  loden  w*"  pease,  sider  and  London  pvisions 

from  Came  Nibley  and  Waneswell v" 

ffor  .5.  tun  di  of  sider  bought  at  Lidny xj" 

ffor  .60.  bushels  of  white  pease  at  ij' vj" 

ffor  .31.  weedinge  howes  at  .14"^  and  .15.  holinge  howes  at 
.12'^  made  in  the  forest  of  Deane  (besides  xx^  payd  by 

Richard  Partridg) xxxj^ 

ffor  .8.  felling  axes  (besides  .2.  payd  for  by  Richard  Part- 
ridge) there xij' 

ffor  .91."  of  bacon  at  iij"^  bought  of  James  Atwood xxij« 

ffor  cariage  of  .11.  buts  of  caske  from  Bristoll  to  Lidny vj^ 

Cariage  of  .5.  tun  di  of  sider  from  Lidny  to  Bristoll  .xv' 

and  charges  in  lodinge  it  .ij' xvij^ 

'  Parentheses  inclose  a  marginal  note. 























To  Scriven9s  in  Bristoll  and  for  pap  waxe  inke  pchm'  and 

patent  silk  strings 

flfor  Cinamon  water  to  Sea 

ffor  .2.  pewter  bottles  for  the  water 

Payd  the  det  for  lodginge  and  dyet  to  Eliz  Hibbert  of  Gat- 
comb  who  detayned  a  rug  &  .2.  axes xxxv" 

ffor  packinge  strawe viij" 

ffor  lyminge  the  omnes  vnn  in  Christo  Jesu  in  the  Ancyent.  .  xij^ 

ffor  a  crane  for  the  chimny  in  the  cookroome  being  21"  at 

iij-' . 

To  the  Custom9s  for  their  ffee  for  our  bill  of  store 

To  the  searchers  also 

Sm-  ss?tli  xxxvij"  xv"* 
Given  to  Charles  Coyfe  in''  Langlies  man  towards  his  fishinge 

tooles  taken  w'"  him x° 

Payd  WilTm  Clement  for  the  releife  of  his  wife  in  his  absence 

and  for  redemtion  of  his  tooles  that  were  pawned xiiij'' 

Payd  to  Thomas  Coopy  vpon  an  agreem*  made  at  Stoke  .7. 

Septembr,  a  Smyth  Carpenter  &  Turner iij" 

Payd  to  John  Cole  for  a  years  wages  beforehand xl^ 

Given  to  Walter  Hampton  Richard  Sherife  th'elder  Richard 

Sherife   the   yonger,    Thomas    Peirse    Thomas   Davis 

Humfry  Osborne  and  xpopher  Nelme  for  their  whoU 

seu9all  wages  and  ernest  monies v"        viij"  ij'' 

To  Hmnphry  Plant  Carpenter  &  Sawyer  for  his   .3.  years 

wages  beforehand  to  pay  his  dets xl' 

To  Richard  Godfry  of  London  Joj^ner  vpon  a  Composicou 

with  him  made x" 

Payd  for  .4.  squaringe  axes  bought  in  Wotton  by  Walter 

Coopy x^ 

Payd  for  the  Cuntry  f arme viij^ 

ffor  hire  of  a  warehouse  for  .3.  week? iiij^         vj** 

To  one  Hale  a  drummer  by  m"'  Thorpes  appoyntm' ij^  vj** 

Payd  to  the  Lighters  by  m""  Thorps  appoyntment iij^ 

Payd  more  for  dyet  in  Bristoll,  washing  of  clothes  and  for 

horsemeat  there v"  xv" 

To  the  boatmen  of  Barkly  for  cariage  of  dyu^s  things  from 

Barkly xv° 

if  or  one  Tun  of  sider  to  M''  Thorpe  w''''  the  caske liij"         iiij'* 

To  m''  Gouynge  for  one  barrell  of  vineger  and  .IL  gallons 

of  oyle iij"  x^ 


To  the  playsterer  that  layd  the  brick  and  plaister  worke  of 

the  cook  roome viij° 

Sin5  xxxviij"  i^  vj"* 
To  m''  Huggins  that  gave  the  Comunion  and  a  sennon  to  our 

people xj' 

ffor  .36."  of  bacon  at  iij*^  the  pound ix^ 

ffor  .4.  Armors iij" 

fTor  a  musket xv^ 

ffor  a  boat  that  waited  on  vs  to  Kingrode v' 

To  Clark?  for  wry  tings  as  by  a  bill  of  pticulars Iv" 

Payd  for  the  Ship Cxx" 

Layd  out  by  Richard  Partridge  in  Ireland  for  provisions 

and  other  expenses  there  over  and  besides  .xiij"  fraigh 

by  him  receaved xlj"  v"         iiij*' 

Layd  out  by  Partridge  at  Gatcombe   about  the  ship   as 

appeareth  by  his  bill  of  accompt  given  to  S'  WilTm 

Throkm9ton Iij"  x^         vij'' 

Due  more  to  be  payd  there  as  by  the  said  bills  appeareth__-        vij"         vij^  x"* 

Sm?  228"    18^    9" 
Sm!i  total-791"   10=    l-^ 
Wherout  deduct  ready  monyes  before  comj5!hended  because 

they  are  likewise  eem^hcndod  charged  in  wares  bought.         67"  14^ 

Soe  remayneth— 723"   16^^    1" 
Whervnto  ad  as  followeth  in  the  next  page. 
Payd  by  S''  WilTm  Throkm9ton  towards  the  passinge  of  our 

patent xv^ 

Payd  by  m"'  Smyth  for  the  like xv^ 

Payd  by  m''  Thorpe  for  the  like xv^ 

Payd  for  the  cariage   of   all   the  London   provisions  from 

thence  to  Waneswell xP 

Payd  for  wrytinge  the  three  Virginian  patents  into  our  leiger 

book xj" 

Payd  for  .IL  gallons  of  sacke  sent  to  sea xxix^         iiij'^ 

Payd  for  six  rugs  at  .ix^ liiij^ 

Payd  to  John  Hurd  WilTm  Patche  Thomas  Patche  WilTm 

Stone  and  WiTTm  Parker  at  their  entertainment xv° 

Sm5  ix"  xiiij^  iiij'' 
Soe  cleerly  disbursed  by  vs  vntill  the  departure  of  the  ship 

the  xv'"  of  September  .1691 733"  10*  5'' 

Inde  quinta  pars 146"  14i-  1** 


But  for  the  ptsent  we  must  pay  quarta  pars,  to  beare  out 

S""  George  Yardley  w""^  is 183"  7^       "'^  (h 

See  each  of  vs  doth  beare  for  S''  George  Yardley 30"  13^       6*^0, 


Of  which  quarta  pars  of — 183"  7^  7"  q,  m"'  Berkeley  and  his 

ptners  have  payd  103"  4^  8'^ 103"  4=  8" 

Soe  remayneth  due  from  m'' Berkeley 80"  2"      ll**  q. 

Of  w""  quarta  pars  of— 183"  7=  7''  q,  S^  WiTTm  Throkm9ton 

hath  by  himself e  payd — 61"  5°     And  by  m''  Woodleefe 

his  ptner  for  a  third  pte — 65"  Sm  in  to  to 126"  5' 

Soe  remaynes  due  from  S'' WitTm 57"  2'       7**  q. 

Of  w""  quarta  pars  of— 183"  7'  7"^  q,  m'  Thorpe  hath  payd— 

229"  5' 7** 229"  5'  7<* 

Soe  due  to  him  (for  payment  wherof  m''  Berkley  becometh 

debttor 45"  18= 

Of  w*^"  quarta  pars  of— 183"  7=  7**  q,m'  Smyth  hath  payd. _-       274"  15=  2^ 

Soe  dewe  to  him 91"  7=  7"* 

ffor  payment  of  w""" — 91"  7=  7**  m"'  Berkley  becometh  debtor 

for  thirty  fower  pounds  fower  shillings  and  ten-pence. 
And  S""  WilTm  Throkm9ton  for 57"  2»  1^ 

[93]  Memoranctm.  That  wheras  it  is  specifyed  in  the  third  jSlcedent  page, 
That — lv=  is  owinge  for  Clarke  wages,  and — vij''  vi=  x*'  to  be  payd  at  Gat- 
combe  as  by  bill  appeareth.  That  theis  two  somes  are  to  bee  equally 
borne  and  payd  by  all  the  ptners. 

And  likewise  S''  Wiltm  Throkm9ton  is  to  bee  payd  by  m''  Berkeley  m"" 
Smyth  and  m''  Thorpe — xj"  iij*^  towards  fiftene  shillings  hee  hath  payd  for 
the  Patent,  because  hee  hath  it  not  allowed  him  in  the  second  plcedent 
page  of  this  book. 

Which  allowances  made,  S'  George  Yardlyes  fifth  cometh  to — 148''  17=  7"^ 
And  soe  to  each  of  vs — 37"  4=  4*^  ob. 


LXVII.     Sir  Edwin  Sandys.    A  Letter  to  Sir  George  Yeardley 

August  3,  1619 

Smith  of  Nibley  Papers,  3  (12),  Page  78 

Document  in  New  York  Public  Library 

List  of  Records  No.  118 

[78]  To  my  honorable  frend  S""  George  Yardley  knight  governor  of 


S':  I  comend  vnto  your  good  favor  and  care,  the  begininge  plantacon  of 
S""  Witlm  Throkm9ton  and  m^  George  Thorpe  (who  is  of  the  Counsell) 
with  other  gent  their  associates,  who  send  to  you  by  this  ship  fifty  psons 
to  that  end.  Their  desire  is  that  they  may  bee  well  placed,  and  have  such 
other  assistance  as  their  case  shall  need,  and  your  place  w*'*  your  experience 
can  best  afforde.  You  shall  hereby  much  bind  them  in  love  to  you  and 
make  me  also  beholden  to  you  for  their  sakes.  Soe  w*''  hartiest  Comenda- 
cons  I  rest 

Your  assured  lovinge  frend 

Edwine  Sandys 
London  ,3.  August  1619. 

LXVIII.  Gabriel  Barbor.    A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys 

August  11,  1619 

Ferrar  Papers 

Document  in  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge  University.     Autograph  Letter, 

Signed,  Written  from  Exeter 

List  of  Records  No.  119 


This  man  (M''  Newland)  an  honest  sufficient  &  a  moste  indeuoring 
man  for  Virginia  is  he  that  cann  &  will  searue  yo"  for  victualling  or  mailing 
or  any  other  unployment  to  further  y^  plantacon,  he  is  so  well  reported 
of,  &  his  late  indeuors  for  Capt:  Lawne  (who  had  ellC  sunck)  hath  approoued 
him  a  uentrous  charitable  marchant;  his  trade,  necessaries  for  shipping  & 
keepeing  his  menn  togeather,  hath  beene  well  approoued  by  Plimouth 
&  other  Countries  w"''  doe  imploy  him:  he  wiU  p''uent  o''  Runnagates  & 
victuall  cheaper  then  Londoner C,  &  surely  God  blesseth  him  for  loueing 

AUGUST  16,  1619  191 

o""  action.  I  humbly  desire  yo"  &  m'  ffarrar  (in  yo''  absence)  to  take 
notice  hereof,  I  comend  him  w*''  my  loue  and  seruice  to  yo"  &  am  euer 
your  moste  loueing  frend  &  seruant 

Gabr^  Barbor. 
Newport.  11*''  August  1619. 

[Indorsed  by  Sir  Edwin  Sandys:]  Gabr:  Barbor  Newport  to  S""  Edwin 

Sandys     Aug.  11.  1619.     CoiTiends  M''  Newland  to  furnish  shipping  for 


[Addressed:]  To  the  Hon*^'®  and  my  most  Worthy  Friend  S''  Edwin  Sandis 

Knight  Treasurer  for  Virginia. 

LXIX.  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.    A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar 
August  16,  1619 

Ferrar  Papers 

Document  m  Magdalene  College,  Canibridge  University,     Autograph  Letter,  Signed 

List  of  Records  No.  120 

Good  M""  fferrar:  I  came  by  S''  Nicolas  Tufton:  &  brought  along  w*^  me 
seven  good  men,  w'^'^  S""  Nicolas  had  very  carefully  provided  for  us.  But 
at  my  coming  to  Northborn  on  Wendsday  the  ll**"  of  this  present,  I  found 
the  Ship  gone  the  day  before.  I  found  also  som  letters  to  me  out  of  the 
Ship:  w"''  gave  me  no  great  content,  conceiving  they  wanted  som  of  o"" 
number  appointed,  &  yet  were  unwilling  to  take  anie  more  in.  And  as 
for  Nicolas  Tufton,  they  sent  not  to  him  at  ah.  But  perceivmg  by  my 
men,  that  after  the  writing  of  those  letters,  that  had  taken  in  those  five 
w"*"  we  sent  to  them  in  the  Sandwich  bote;  &  other  two  w'^''  my  folk  had 
here  provided;  &  hearing  also  that  they  had  got  a  good  pilote  out  of  the 
Kings  Ships,  (for  at  Sandwich  they  could  get  none) ;  &  that  at  their  setting 
of  Saile,  w"""  was  on  Tuesday  at  noone,  they  wanted  but  one  of  their 
complete  number  of  six  score:  I  must  confesse  I  was  then  not  a  little 
comforted:  but  much  more,  &  more  again  everie  day  since,  the  wynd 
having  continued  here  so  constantly  prosperous.  I  hope  verily  by  this 
they  are  on  a  quarter  of  their  way.  What  had  they  been,  if  they  had  not 
lost  those  two  days  at  the  custome  House?  I  trust  the  blessing  of  God 
is  w'^  us  in  this  Action:  &  then  will  we  not  feare  what  the  Devill  can 
woork  against  it.     I  disbursed  Ten  shilhngs  amongst  those  seven:  w'=^  w**" 


their  enterteinment  at  my  house  gave  them  reasonable  content,  &  they 
have  promised  to  be  readie  against  another  voiage. 

I  merveil  we  heare  not  yet  of  the  Diana  from  the  lie  of  Wight,  unles  this 
north-east  wynd  have  stopt  hir  there. 

I  have  taken  good  order  for  y"""  supplie  w*^  monie.  Before  the  end  of 
this  moneth  I  dowt  not  y"  shall  have  plentie.  Meane  tyme  I  pray  y" 
cause  M'  Carter  to  procure  a  warrent  to  me  from  the  Committies  for 
o''  Smiths  Hundred,  for  paying  for  the  transportation  of  o''  42.  persons 
in  this  Ship:  (ffor  so  manie  set  to  Sea,  though  five  dyed  in  the  way:)  w'^^ 
Cometh  to  252'  at  6'  the  person.  The  payment  for  those  in  the  Magazin 
Ship,  y"  knowe  is  respited  by  their  consent,  till  other  reckonings  be  cleared: 
^ff<^^  will  not  be  now  till  o""  meeting  the  next  term.  I  have  spent  this  after- 
noon wholy  in  writing  of  letters:  &  reserved  y°"  to  the  last;  so  that  now 
I  growe  wearie,  &  the  night  is  far  spent.  I  shall  long  to  heare  from  y" 
&  what  nues  by  the  Diana.  Y"  made  me  half  a  promise  to  visit  us  at 
Northborn:  I  pray  y"  perfit  it  in  y°''  next  letter;  &  set  me  down  the 
tyme  when  my  gelding  w*""  a  footman  shall  at  Gravesend  attend  y". 
But  y"  must  have  first  rid  y"""  hands  of  the  Diana,  especially  of  the  mar- 
iners, who  may  not  be  delayed. 

So  w""  o'  very  hartie  salutations  (for  my  wife  ioyneth  w**"  me)  I  rest 
Yo"'  ever  assured  frend 

Edwin  Sandys 
Northborn  16.  August:  1619 

[Indorsed  by  Sir  Edwin  Sandys:]  S""  E  Sandys,  Northb:  to  John  Farrar 
Aug.  16.  1619. 

[Addressed  by  himself:]  To  my  very  worthy  Friend  M''  John  Ferrar, 
Deputy  of  the  Company  for  Virginia. 

AUGUST  18, 1619  193 

LXX.  Charter  Party  with  Mr.  Williams,  of  Bristol 

August  18,  1619 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  Smyth,  3  (17),  pp.  94-96 

Document  in  the  New  York  PubUc  Library 

List  of  Records  No.  121 

[94]  In  the  name  of  god  Amen  This  |S!sent  charter  pty  Indented  and  made 
the  xviij*''  day  of  August  in  the  xvij*^  yeare  of  the  raigne  of  our  sou^aigne 
lord  James  by  the  grace  of  go  god  of  England  ffrance  and  Ireland  kinge 
defender  of  the  faythe  &c.  and  of  Scotland  the  liij"'  Betwene  Edward 
Williams  of  the  City  of  Bristoll  marchant  owTier  of  the  good  ship  called 
the  Margaret  of  Bristoll  of  the  burthen  of  .45.  tuns  or  therabouts  wherof 
vnder  god  Henry  Penry  is  appoynted  to  goe  master  this  pisent  voyage  of 
the  one  pte  And  John  Woodleefe  of  the  Towne  of  Buckingham  Esqr  Mar- 
chant  lader  in  the  said  ship  this  pisent  voyage  of  the  other  pte.  Witnesseth 
that  the  said  owner  for  the  Consideracon  hereafter  in  theis  |')!sents  expressed 
hath  granted  and  to  fraight  hath  letten  And  by  theis  pisents  doth  grant 
and  to  fraight  let  the  said  ship  vnto  the  said  marchant  lader  his  factors 
and  assignes  for  a  voyage  w*""  her  to  be  made  by  gods  grace  in  manner 
and  forme  foUowinge.  Viz*. 

To  sayle  (by  the  grace  of  god)  from  the  port  of  Bristoll  called  Ivingrode 
w**"  the  first  fayre  wynd  and  weather  that  god  shall  send  thervnto  afther 
the  xv**"  day  of  September  next  ensuinge  the  date  hereof,  w''  all  such  men 
goods  provision  and  other  things  as  hee  the  said  marchant  lader  his  factor 
or  assignes  shall  thinke  fit,  as  directly  as  wind  and  weather  will  pmit 
vnto  such  port  place  or  harbor  or  ports  places  or  harbors  in  the  land  of 
Virginia  as  he  the  said  marchant  lader  his  factors  or  assignes  shall  think 
fit  where  the  said  ship  shall  stay  and  abyde  duringe  soe  long  tyme  as  he 
the  said  marchant  lader  his  factors  or  assignes  shall  also  think  fit.  And 
to  be  there  discharged  reladen  and  recharged  when  and  as  often  as  occasion 
shall  serve  at  the  wills  and  pleasures  of  the  said  marchant  lader  his  factors 
or  assignes.  And  when  the  said  ship  shall  be  soe  discharged  reladen  and 
recharged  in  Virginia  aforesaid  Then  (by  the  grace  of  god)  shee  shall  returne 
and  sayle  about  agayne  w*''  the  next  fayre  wynd  and  weather  that  god 
shall  send  thervnto  as  directly  as  wynd  and  weather  will  pmit  vnto  the 
said  port  of  Bristoll  called  Kingrode  for  the  end  of  the  said  voyage,  there 


to  be  discharged  of  all  her  charge,  goods  wares  and  marchandize.  In 
Consideracon  wherof  the  said  marchant  lader  for  himselfe  his  heires 
executors  et4  and  adm"  and  for  eu^y  of  them  doth  hereby  covenant  pmise 
and  grant  to  and  w*^  the  said  owner  his  executors  adm"  and  assignes  [95]  by 
theis  jSsents  That  hee  the  said  marchant  lader  or  his  assignes  shall  and 
will  within  fiftene  dayes  next  after  the  returne  and  arrivall  homewards  of 
the  said  ship  at  the  said  port  of  BristoU  called  Kingrode  for  the  end  of  the 
said  voyage  well  and  truly  pay  or  cause  to  be  payd  vnto  the  said  owner 
or  his  assignes  for  every  month  that  the  said  ship  shall  contynue  and  bee 
in  her  said  voyage  the  fuU  some  of  xxxiij^^  of  lawfull  mony  of  England 
accountinge  twenty  and  eight  dayes  to  eu^y  month,  begininge  to  enter 
into  pay  from  the  day  that  the  said  ship  shall  set  saile  out  of  kingrode 
to  proceede  in  her  said  voyage.  And  soe  contynuinge  in  pay  from  thence- 
forth forwards  monthly  and  for  every  month  and  for  more  or  less  tyme 
then  a  month  after  the  rate  aforesaid  vntill  such  tyme  as  the  said  ship 
shall  returne  and  arive  in  Kingrode  aforesaid  homewards  from  the  end 
of  the  said  voyage  And  that  the  said  ship  shall  not  stay  nor  abide  at  the 
land  of  Virginia  aforesaid  this  plsent  voyage  above  the  number  of  fifty 
dayes  by  reason  of  any  defalt  or  imployment  of  the  said  marchant  lader 
his  factors  or  assignes.  And  the  said  owner  for  himselfe  his  executors  and 
adm"  and  for  eu^y  of  them  doth  covenant  promise  and  grant  to  and  w*^ 
the  said  marchant  lader  his  executors  adm"  and  assignes  by  theis  plsent 
That  the  said  ship  nowe  is  and  soe  at  all  tymes  hereafter  (duringe  the  said 
voyage)  at  his  the  said  owners  owne  proper  cost^  and  charges  (to  his 
best  endeavors)  shall  be  made  stiffe  stanche  stronge  well  apparraled  and 
victualed  and  sufficiently  furnished  aswell  w*^  able  m'  and  seaven  other 
sufficient  men  and  one  boy  to  gou^ne  and  guide  the  said  ship  (duringe  the 
said  voyage)  as  also  w*""  all  kjaid  of  tackle  apparell  municon  and  furniture 
fit  and  necessary  for  her  for  the  accomphshment  of  the  said  voyage,  And 
that  the  said  men  and  maryners  togeather  w**"  the  Cocke  or  boat  belong- 
inge  to  the  said  ship  shall  at  all  tymes  convenient  durmge  the  said  voyage 
be  ready  at  the  comaund  of  the  said  Marchant  lader  his  and  their  factors 
and  assignes  to  doe  such  reasonable  service  as  by  him  or  them  shall  be 
requyred.  And  also  that  the  said  shippe  shall  be  ready  to  set  sayle  from 
the  said  port  of  BristoU  by  the  said  xv*^  day  of  September  next  ensuinge 
the  date  hereof.  Att  w"^  tyme  the  said  marchant  lader  doth  for  himselfe 
his  executors  and  admynistrators  Covenant  and  promise  to  bee  ready 

SEPTEMBER,  1619  195 

w'**  his  men  goods  provisions  and  other  things  aboard  the  said  shippe  to 
make  sayle  in  her.  And  moreover  it  is  covenanted  concluded  and  agreed 
on  by  and  betwene  the  said  pties  to  theis  presents  for  themselves  their 
executors  and  admynistrators  [96]  That  if  it  shall  happen  (w''''  god  forbid) 
That  the  §said§  ship  shall  bee  robbed  or  spoyled  on  the  sea  salt  or  fresh 
(duringe  the  said  voyage)  of  any  manner  of  goods  wares  provisions  or 
marchandizes  belonginge  to  the  said  ship  or  marchant  lader.  That  then 
the  said  owner  shall  stand  to  his  owne  losse  and  the  m9chant  lader  by 
his  owne  losse  (if  any  bee)     In  witnes  wherof  &c. 

A  bond  of  400^' is  given  by  S""  Wittm  Throkm9ton  knight  and  Baronet  Hcancciiedi 

Richard  Berkley  George  Thorpe  John  Smyth  and  John  Woodleefe  Esqr^ 

to  M*"  WiUiams  to  pforme  Covenants. 

M*^.  That  the  ship  set  sayle  from  Bristoll  the  xv*^  of  September.  1619. 

LXXI.  Remembrances  for  Captain  Woodleefe 

September,  1619 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  Smyth,  3  (8),  pp.  71-72 

Document  in  the  New  York  Public  Library 

List  of  Records  No.  122 

[71]  Remembrances  for  M''  Captayne  Woodleefe  in  Virginia,  against  the 
returne  of  this  plsent  Ship.     September.  1619. 

1.  That  you  write  back  what  number  of  men  and  woomen  wee  shall 
secondly  send,  and  when  to  leave  the  coast  of  England,  and  howe  to  bee 

2.  That  our  tres  (with  that  of  S""  Edwin  Sandis)  bemge  delyu^ed  to  S' 
George  Yardley,  you  returne  vs  a  pticular  answere  from  him,  touchinge 
the  contents  of  them,  wherof  we  give  j^ou  Copies  for  your  better  remem- 

3.  M'  Smythes  pticular  request  is,  That  you  forget  not  to  furnishe  him, 
with  some  good  Tobacco  seed. 

4.  To  returne  vs  answere  of  our  tre  to  Thomas  Partridge  whether  hee 
come  into  your  family  or  not. 


5.  That  you  procure  a  Certificat  from  the  governor  of  Virginia,  or  other 
officer  theirvnto  assigned,  of  the  names  and  number  of  our  men,  there 
landinge  for  plantacon. 

6.  That  you  adu^tise  vs  whether  you  agree  w*^  S""  George  Yardley  for 
his  fifth  p*«. 

7.  To  bee  careful!  to  make  the  best  speedy  vse  you  can,  el  w*^  the  truck- 
inge  stuffs  nowe  sent,  of  beades,  feate  hatchets.  Copper,  shooes,  knives. 

8.  To  bee  carefull  to  sowe  all  your  seeds  in  due  season,  that  you  frustrate 
not  the  experience  wee  intend,  aswell  as  the  losse  of  the  charge. 

9.  We  have  pmised  that  Thomas  Peirse  shalbee  instructed  in  Carpenters 
work,  w"^  is  his  fathers  request,  and  the  yonge  mans  inclynacon. 

10.  That  the  ship  Carpenter  forthw*^  vpon  arrivall  fall  in  hand  with 
makinge  our  boate,  otherwise  we  loose  the  charge  layd  out  for  the  mate- 
rialls  and  wee  you  the  needfull  vse  &  hope  of  profit. 

[72]  To  adu^tise  S'  George  Yardley  That  in  respect  of  the  instant  depture 
of  the  ship  vpon  the  finishinge  of  our  Accompts  togeather,  wee  had  not 
any  possible  leisure  to  send  him  a  pticuler  Copy  thereof,  w'=^  contayneth 
many  sheets.  Howbeit  the  totall  of  all  our  disbursements,  the  charge 
of  the  ship  wee  bought,  w**"  the  computacon  of  the  hire  of  this  Ship  for 
six  monthes  w*''  the  Pilots  wages  and  his  mans  and  the  Surgeons  will 
come  to  one  thousand  and  forty  pounds  and  somewhat  vpwards.  Soe 
that  his  Share  to  bee  sent  backe  by  this  Ship,  if  hee  accept  of  a  fifth  pte 
wiU  come  vnto  two  hundred  and  eight  pounds  at  the  least. 

SEPTEMBER,  1619  197 

lxxii.   "a  lyst  of  the  men    no  we    sent    for    plantacon    vnder 
Captayne  Woodleefe  governor" 

September,  1619 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  Smyth,  3  (9),  pp.  73-75 

Document  in  the  New  York  Public  Library 

List  of  Records  No.  123 

[73]  September  1619.     A  lyst  of  §the§  men  nowe  sent  for  plantacon  vnder  Captayne 
Woodleefe  governor . 
Their  names 

fferdinando  Yate,  gent 3.  yeares 50.   acres 

(returned  20.  mtij  .1620.)  ^ 

John  Blanchard  gent 3.  yeares. 

Richard  Godfry  Joyner 3.  years . 

(drowned)      ||mort|| 

Rowhind  Paynter 3.  years  _ 


Thomas  Coopy  Carpenter  &  Smyth  fowler  and  Turner,  3.  years, 
(dead  mort) 
Henry  Peerse  gent 4.  yeares . 

John  Cole 7.  years. 

Humfry  Osborne 3.  years 30.  acr. 

Stephen  Torset 4.  years 25.  acr. 

Humphry  Plant  Sawier  &  Carpenter 3.  years 30.  acr 

Thomas  Davis  Cooper  &  Shingler 3.  years 30.  acr. 

Xropher  Nelme  shoomaker 3.  years 20.  acr 

RichardSherifethelderCarpenter  ||y*wentw*''M'"Thorpe||-  3.  years 30.  acr. 

Richard  Sherife  the  yonger  e©ttpei=  Couper 3.  years 30.  acr 


Witlm  Clement  Cook  and  Gardner 6.  years 20.  acr 

Thomas  Peirse  for  hops  &  oade 7.  years 30.  acr. 


s 50. 








s 25. 




'  Parentheses  inclose  marginal  notes  in  the  handwriting  of  John  Smyth. 



Xropher  Bourton  Taylor 

Thomas  Molton  Cook  &  gardner 

James  Cley  Joyner 

Charles  Coyfe  a  gumnaker  and  Smyth  and  for  fish  pitch 
and  tarre 

Edward  Paynter 

Walter  Hampton 

Samuell  Coopy 


Wiltm  Parker 

John  Hurd 

WiTtm  Patche 

Thomas  Patche 

Thomas  Sandford 

WiUm  Stone 

(q  of  him) 
John  Taylor  ||als  stokeleyll 

John  Jones  gardner  &  Smyth 

Thomas  Denton 

Thomas  Thorpe 

WiTtm  Mettrickes 

Wiltm  Moores 

Robert  Taylor 

John  Bninnet 


Alredy  in  Virginia  for  .4. 

4.  years 30.  acr. 

4  §5§.  years 25.  acr 

3.  years 0—0 

3.  years 40.  acr 

7.  years 30.  acr 

3.  years 30.  acr 

3.  years 15.  acr 

7.  years 30.  acr 

6.  years 30.  acr 

5.  yeares 30.  acr 

6.  years 30.  acres 

6.  years 30.  acr 

6.  years 30.  acr 

6.  years 30.  acr. 

6.  years 25.  acr 

8.  years 30.  acr 

8.  years 20.  acr. 

7.  years 30.  acr 

years  the  peece  from  midsomer 

SEPTEMBER  4,  1619  199 

Each  acre  at  xij''  rent  p  Ann 

Richard  Godfiy  hath  the  tenth  of  Toll,  tenth  of  his  workes. 

Thomas  Coopy  hath  xl°  p  Ann  payd  to  his  wife  And  the  third  pte  of  his  vacant 

midle  houres. 
John  Cole  hath  xP  for  the  first  yeare.  iii"  for  the  second  yeare  and  iiij"  for  the  third 

yeare,  And  for  the  .4.  last  years  — ■  0  —  0. 
Xropher  Nelmes  wife  is  to  have  xiij^  iiij''  p  Ann. 
fTerdinando  Yate  hath  iiij"  p  Ann  allowed  to  him  in  lieu  of  apparell,  to  bee  payd  out 

of  the  profits  yearly  brought  from  Virginia. 
John  Blanchard  hath  the  like  to  fferdinando  Yate. 
In  none  of  the  rest  is  any  variacon  or  difference. 
John  Singer  the  Surgeon  hath  50'  in  hand  towards  furnishinge  of  his  chest,  And 

thirty  shillings  the  month,  begininge  munday  .13.  Septembr  .1619. 
John  Cole  hath  receyved  in  hand  for  his  first  yeares  wages  forty  shillings. 
Wittm  Clement  had  given  him  —  xiiij^ 

Thomas  Davis  for  three  yeares  wages  before  hand  hath  had  —  xxij'  vi''. 
Xropher  Nelme  for  two  years  wages  before  hand  hath  receyved  —  xxvi'  viij''. 
M''  Toby  ffelgate  hath  all  things  paj^d  to  him  vpon  his  bill  till  .13.  Septembr  .1619: 

beinge  munday,  when  he  enters  into  his  full  pay  of  —  iiij"  x'  the  month. 
Also  hee  is  to  have  by  the  month  for  his  man  from  the  same  day  —  xviij^ 
Wherof  M^  Williams  is  to  pay  —  xxv^ 
And  the  company  (w''"  M''  Thorpe  vndertaketh)  —  xv'. 
Henry  Townsend' 

Tho:  carter 

Rio  sherifFe 

Ric  ptridge 


LXXIII.  Sir  William  Throckmorton   and    his   Three    Associates 
A  Commission  to  Captain  John  Woodleefe 

September  4,  1619 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  Smyth,  3  (5),  pp.  59,  60 

Document  in  the  New  York  Public  Library 

List  of  Records  No.  124 

[59]  To  all  xrian  people  to  whom  theis  plsent^  shall  come  wee  S''  WilTm 
Throkm^ton  of  ClowerwaU  in  the  county  of  Gloiic  knight  and  baronet, 

*  This  entire  entry  is  by  John  Smyth. 

went  after  w*''  M''  Thorpe  .27.  ffitij  .1620. 


Richard  Berkeley  of  Stoke  Gifford  in  the  said  County,  Escb  George  Thorpe 
of  Waneswell  in  the  said  County,  Escj,  and  lohn  Smyth  of  Northnibly  in  the 
said  county  gent  doe  send  greetinge.  Wheras  wee  the  said  S*"  Wiltm 
Richard  George  and  lohn  doe  intend  within  ten  dayes  next  at  the  farthest 
to  send  one  ship  furnished  called  the  Margaret,  and  in  her  thirty  men  or 
therabouts  for  plantacon  in  the  land  of  Virginia,  and  the  same  number 
of  men  to  increase  at  other  subsequent  voyages  &  returnes  of  the  said 
ship  or  some  other,  and  there  to  erect  and  build  a  towne  to  be  called 
Barkley  and  to  settle  and  plant  our  said  men  and  dyu^s  other  inhabitants 
there,  to  the  honor  of  allmighty  god,  the  inlargeinge  of  xfian  religion  and 
to  the  augmentacon  and  renowne  of  the  generall  plantacon  in  that  cuntry, 
and  the  pticular  good  and  profit  of  ourselves  men  and  servants  as  wee 
hope.  And  wheras  also  for  the  better  orderinge  and  governement  as  well 
of  ottf  our  said  people  and  men  nowe  ready  to  bee  shipped  and  of  those 
that  shall  hereafter  bee  sent  in  augmentacon  of  their  number,  and  fower 
others  alread}'-  there,  as  also  of  our  affaires  and  busines  of  what  kind 
soever  in  that  Cuntry  happeninge  or  arisinge,  wee  have  agreed  w**"  Cap- 
tayne  lohn  Woodleefe  of  Prestwood  in  the  County  of  Buckingham  Esq^, 
to  take  vpon  him  the  labor  care  charge  oversight  and  governm*  both  of 
our  said  men  and  businesses  (aswell  pisent  as  future)  to  bee  directed  to 
him.  Nowe  knowe  yee  That  wee  the  said  S'  Willm  Throkm^ton  Richard 
Berkeley  George  Thorpe  and  lohn  Smyth  by  vertue  and  force  of  the 
authority  and  power  given  vnto  vs  in  and  by  one  Indenture  bearinge  date 
the  third  day  of  ffebruary  last  past  before  the  date  hereof  made  to  vs  and 
S'  George  Yardley  knight  nowe  governor  of  Virginia,  by  the  Treasorer 
and  company  of  adventurers  and  planters  of  the  City  of  London  for  the 
first  CoUony  in  Virginia  with  the  advise  and  consent  of  the  counsell  of 
the  same,  Have  nomynated  and  appojmted  And  [60]  by  theis  jSsentC  as 
farre  as  in  vs  lyeth  doe  nomynate  authorize  and  appoynt  the  said  Captayne 
lohn  Woodleefe  to  be  Captaj^ne  and  governor  of  our  said  people  and 
servants  to  pforme  and  execute  the  said  office  and  authority  of  Captayne 
and  governor  by  and  accordinge  to  the  power  and  authority  vnto  vs 
given  by  the  said  Indenture  from  the  Treasorer  and  company  of  Virginia 
aforesaid,  and  accordinge  to  the  ordinances  directions  and  instructions 
by  vs  lymited  and  appey^%ed  subscribed,  herewith  also  delyu^ed  vnto 
him,  and  of  such  other  as  hereafter  we  shall  plscribe  and  not  otherwise. 
Givinge  likewise  and  grantinge  vnto  the  said  Captayne  lohn  Woodleefe 

SEPTEMBER  4,  1619  201 

full  power  and  authority  as  much  as  m  vs  lyeth,  aswell  by  way  of  expor- 
tacon  out  of  England  as  by  way  of  trade  either  with  the  natives  of  Vir- 
ginia, or  with  the  EngHsh  there  residinge  or  to  bee  residinge,  to  bee  our 
cheife  marchant  and  to  comerce  trucke  and  trade  as  to  him  shall  seeme 
best,  to  and  for  vs  and  to  our  vse  and  behoofe,  Theirby  to  bringe  or 
send  vnto  vs  by  way  of  importacon  any  such  marchandizes  as  the  said 
Cuntry  of  Virginia  doth  or  shall  afforde  All  which  the  said  Captayne 
lohn  Woodleefe  faithfully  promiseth  to  pforme  accordingly.  In  witnes 
wherof  we  have  hereto  put  our  hands  and  seales  the  fourth  day  of  Sep- 
tember .1619.  in  the  xvij'''  yeare  of  the  raigne  of  our  sou^aigne  lord  kinge 
lames  of  England  ff ranee  and  Ireland  and  of  Scotland  the  liij*''. 

LXXIV.  Agreement  between  Sir  William  Throckmorton,  Richard 
Berkeley,  George  Thorpe,  John  Smyth,  and  Captain  John 

September  4,  1619 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  Smyth,  9,  also  3  (7),  pp.  64-70 

Document  in  the  New  York  Public  Library 

List  of  Records  No.  125 

Covenants  and  agreements  had  and  made  by  and  betwene  S'  Wilt™ 

Throkm9ton  of  Clowerwall  in  the  county  of  Glouc  knight  and  baronet 

on  the  first  pte,  Richard  Berk||e||ley  of  Stoke  Gifford  in  the  said  County 

Escb  on  the  second  pte,  George  Thorpe  of  Wanes  well  in  the  said 

County  Esc|^  on  the  third  pte,  John  Smyth  of  North  nibley  in  the 

said  County  gent  on  the  fourth  pte.  And  John  Woodleefe  of  Prestwood 

in  the  County  of  Buckingham  Esff,  pte  on  the  fift  pte,  the  fourth  ||day  || 

of  September  1619.     Anno  xvij"°  regni  Jacobi  Regis  AngHe  .&c.  et 

Scotie.  liij'^'°.    As  pticularly  followeth. 

Wheras  a  voyage  is  (with  ||by||  the  grace  of  god)  intended  into  the  land  of 

Virginia  with  a  shippe  called  the  Margaret  of  Bristoll,  of  the  burden  of  forty 

seven  tun  or  therabouts,  within  ten  dayes  next  at  the  farthest,  furnished  with 

thirty  |1&  twojl  men  and  other  necessary  provisions  at  the  charges  of  the  said 

pties,  for  plantacon  in  the  said  land,  with  an  intent  and  agreement  amongst 

themselves  to  encrease  the  said  number  aswell  with  men  already  abydinge 

in  the  said  land,  as  with  others  to  bee  hereafter  sent  out  of  England, 


And  wheras  for  the  intent  and  purpose  aforesaid,  and  the  better  to  enable 
the  said  plantacon,  they  the  said  S''  Wittm  Richard  Throkmton,  Richard 
Berk||e||ley,  George  Thorpe  and  John  Smyth  have  in  their  owne  names  and 
in  the  name  of  S"  George  Yardley  knight  no  we  governor  |iof  ||  ift  the  said  land 
of  Virginia,  procured  in  ffebruary  last  past  from  the  Treasorer  and  company 
of  Adventurers  and  planters  of  the  city  of  London  for  the  first  Collony  in  Vir- 
ginia, by  the  advise  and  consent  of  the  Counsell  of  the  same,  one  Indenture 
of  Covenant^  and  grants  to  the  effect  aforesaid,  as  by  the  same  may  appeare. 
And  wheras  also  for  the  better  orderinge  and  governm*  aswell  of  the  said 
people  and  men  nowe  ready  to  bee  shipped,  and  of  those  that  shall  hereafter 
bee  sent  in  augmentacon  of  their  number,  and  of  some  others  alredy 
beinge  m  Virginia,  As  also  of  all  such  affayres  and  businesses  that  may  in 
the  said  Cuntry  happen  to  arise,  they  the  said  S""  Wittm  Throkm9ton 
Richard  BerkJleHley  George  Thorpe  and  John  Smyth  have  made  and 
delyu^ed  to  the  said  John  Woodleefe  vnder  their  hands  and  seales  one 
Comission  of  the  date  hereof,  therby  nomynatinge  and  authorisinge 
him  to  bee  Captayne  and  governor  over  the  said  people  and  men,  to 
pforme  and  execute  his  said  office  and  authority  by  and  accordinge  to 
such  ordinances  directions  and  instructions  as  they  the  said  S'  Wittm, 
Richard,  George,  and  John  have  lymited  in  wrytinge  and  delyu^ed  vnto 
him  the  said  John  Woodleefe,  and  of  such  other  as  they  shall  hereafter 
plscribe,  w*=^  the  said  John  Woodleefe  hereby  covenanteth  to  execute  and 
see  pformed  accordingly;  Nowe  it  is  mutually  and  pticularly  further 
Covenanted  and  agreed  by  and  betwene  all  and  eu9y  the  said  pties  to 
theis  pisents  in  manner  and  forme  followinge, 

1.  And  first  they  the  said  S'  Witlm  Throkm9ton,  Richard  Barkley,  George 
Thorpe  and  John  Smyth  doe  mutually  agree,  That  the  place  in  Virginia 
where  theire  said  governor  and  people  shall  first  sit  dov/ne,  plant  and  build 
vpon,  shall  bee  called  Berk||el|ley,  And  their  lands  and  territory  about  the 
same  shalbee  called  Berk||e|lley  Hee  Hundred,  as  well  that  land  accruinge 
vnto  them  vpon  this  their  first  plantacon  and  shares  already  purchased. 
As  also  vpon  the  second  accrument,  allotment,  or  division,  and  of  all 
shares  hereafter  also  by  them  to  bee  purchased  (if  any  bee)  vnles  the  same 
shall  fall  out  in  a  farre  remote  distance  from  the  place  of  their  first  plan- 
tacon, And  the  same  towne  to  bee  hereafter  incorporated  in  such  manner 

SEPTEMBER  4,  1619  203 

and  forme  and  with  such  lymits  and  bounds  as  hereafter  by  them  or  any 
three  of  them  shall  be  m  wry  tinge  agreed  vpon. 

2  Itm  it  is  mutually  Covenanted  and  agreed  vpon  each  w***  other  by  and 
betwene  the  said  S""  Wittm  Throkm9ton  Richard  Berk|le||ley  George  Thorpe 
and  John  Smyth,  That  all  manner  of  charges  and  disbursements  already 
made  or  hereafter  to  bee  made  in  any  wise  touchinge  or  concerninge  the 
affayres  or  businesses  of  Virginia,  or  the  prosecution  of  this  or  any  other 
future  voyages,  shall  be  borne  and  defrayed  at  their  equaU  cost^  and 
charges  in  all  things.  And  the  propty  and  interest  of  all  things  ||  touching 
or  concrnmg  y"  e^  affaires  of  Virginia  1|  bought  or  to  bee  bought  or  payd  for, 
or  w'^'"  in  any  kind  or  Condicon  either  in  England  or  Virginia  shall  accrue  or 
arise  to  them  or  their  benefit,  shall  come  and  remayne  in  equall  ptes 
benefit  and  interest  to  each  of  them.  And  that  noe  losse  or  damage, 
benefit  or  gayne  shall  fall  or  accrewe  to  any  of  them  their  executors, 
admynistrators  or  assignes  by  the  death  or  survivor  of  any  of  them  more 
or  lesse,  then  if  they  were  all  of  them  fower  stUl  lyvinge 

3.  Itm  it  is  likewise  mutually  covenanted  and  agreed  vpon  by  and  betwene 
the  said  S''  Wittm  Richard  George  and  John,  each  with  other  seu^ally  and 
respectively  each  for  himselfe  to  and  with  |lthe||  other  That  in  all  their 
Counsells  consultacons  resolutions  and  determynacons  in  or  about  any 
the  said  Voyages  or  affayres,  or  of  any  thinge  in  reference  or  relation 
theirvnto,  If  they  fower  shall  not  agree  entirely  and  fully  in  one  and  the 
same  mynd  opynion  or  determynacon,  but  that  any  one  of  them  shall 
differ  or  discent  from  the  mynd  or  opynion  of  the  other  three.  That  the 
resolution,  determynacon  and  proceedinge  shall  bee  as  the  greater  pte 
of  them  fower  shall  agree  vnto  and  determyne  of  in  wrytinge.     Aad  the 

BUllllU  I7t7  UCt!  HJl  iJlllTlVlI  1  tJLlllj^  ZXllKt  'VVlilUlgTj  tlI3k?\Jlll;Utl  ttTTtT  B  U.  Willi  t  ULTO:  V 11  tU^ 
"Ut    TJiTltu    TTtrrrnr     ^U  LiitJl  \T  IHU    U^j^illUilM  u*J^     ctt3    rr    Hlidx    ^yj^    it  cert    irtTtr    ttiBtSUllDUtl 

Of  othcrwiae  argued  ef  spoken  against  e*  differently  art  ^  without  aey 
vnwillingnco  ef  longer  resemblance  thcrcofr  And  that  noe  matter  of 
busines  in  any  wise  concerninge  the  p!misses,  shall  bee  agreed  vnto  but 
as  aforesaid.  And  beinge  once  agreed  vnto  ||&  determined||  of  overruled 
as  aforesaid  shall  not  bee  altered  infringed  or  neglected  in  the  prosecucon 
but  by  like  assent  agreement  or  dispensacon  of  three  at  the  least  as  afore- 
said, and  as  the  case  shall  requyre. 


4  Itm  wheras  the  said  Richard  BerkHelJley  hath  not  hithervnto  procured 
or  purchased  any  land  in  Virginia  by  way  or  course  of  one  or  more  shares, 
as  the  said  S""  WiRm  Throkm9ton  George  Thorpe  and  John  Smyth  have 
ah-eady  seu^ally  done,  It  is  neu^thelesse  mutually  agreed  and  assented 
vnto  by  all  of  them,  That  if  more  Shares  shall  bee  hereafter  purchased 
bought  or  obtayned,  by  any  of  them  fower  Joyntly  or  severally,  That  (to 
the  end  equall  privyledge  may  bee  enioyed  by  them  all  fower)  the  same 
shall  be  payd  for  equally,  and  each  of  them  to  bee  equally  interested  in 
the  land  obtayned  by  such  purchase  of  such  shares,  wherein  each  of  them 
is  leaft  at  his  severall  Hberty  to  contract  and  buy  as  him  pleaseth  more 
or  lesse  of  such  Shares,  not  exceedinge  Ijin  all  to  any  one  aboue  10||  t€ft  the 
peece,  Hw*''  those  already  had.|| 

5.  Itm  wheras  the  said  John  Woodleefe  hath  at  his  owne  charges  about 
Aprill  last  transported  fower  men  into  Virgmia  beinge  in  his  family  nowe 
there  abydinge  with  his  wife  and  children  who  are  by  severall  agreement^ 
by  severall  Indentures  to  serve  him  for  fower  yeares  the  peece  or  neere 
therabouts.  And  hath  also  furnished  them  at  his  like  charges  with  apparell 
and  Armes  It  is  agreed  That  the  charges  layd  out  and  sustayned  by  him 
about  the  same,  shall  bee  allowed  agame  vnto  him  (deductinge  his  owne 
ptes  pro  rata  as  after  followeth)  And  that  the  said  fower  men  and  such 
others  as  shall  bee  by  him  the  said  John  Woodleefe  drawne  into  the  Vir- 
ginian family  wherof  hee  is  appoynted  Captayne  and  governor,  whether 
natives  or  EngUshe  shall  bee  as  Joynt  servants  in  equall  interest  pro  rata, 
to  all  the  pties  herevnto,  and  to  stand  assocyated  in  each  respect  and  as 
members  and  pt^  of  the  said  family 

6.  Itm  the  said  John  Woodleefe  hereby  Covenanteth  and  agreeth  with  all 
and  eu9y  of  the  said  pties  to  theis  jSIsent^,  That  none  of  such  men  or  serv- 
ants as  hee  hath  or  shall  have  any  iurisdiction  power,  governement  or 
authority  over,  whether  of  his  p!sent  family  nowe  there  abydinge  or  derived 
from  S'  Thomas  Wayneman  or  any  others,  shaU  bee  setled  or  placed  or 
abide  on  that  side  the  ryver  called  the  kings  ryver,  where  this  plsent  Col- 
lony,  wherof  he  goeth  governor  shall  sit  downe,  vnles  full  ten  English 
myles  e^  from  them.  And  that  hee  will  not  have  directly  or  indirectly  any 
other  family  or  pte  of  any  then  this  Colony  aforesaid  nor  any  other  gov- 
ernement by  himselfe  alone,  or  Joyntly  with  any  other  pson  or  psons. 

SEPTEMBER  4,  1619  205 

Then  onely  with  amongst  and  over  such  as  nowe  are  sent  with  him  under 
his  conduct,  and  of  such  as  by  the  other  pties  herevnto  shall  bee  hereafter 
sent  vnto  him,  and  shall  and  will  lyve  and  converse  with  and  amongst 
such  their  said  Colony  and  servants,  and  not  of  elswhere.  And  also 
shall  and  will  from  tyme  to  tyme  doe  his  honest  and  faithfull  best  endeav- 
ors to  benefit  and  advance  the  same  Colony  and  the  pticular  profit  of  the 
pties  herevnto,  wthout  drawinge  or  derivinge  to  himselfe  from  henceforth 
any  pryvate  or  pticular  gayne  or  profit,  directly  or  indirectly,  other  then 
what  shall  truly  come  and  redownd  to  hunselfe  and  the  pties  herevnto 
vpon  accompt,  accordinge  to  his  seu^all  portion  and  portions  m  theis 
plsentC  expressed. 

7,  Itm  wheras  also  it  is  purposed  by  the  pties  herevnto  within  one  yeare 
next  (god  soe  assistinge)  to  transport  thirty  or  more  other  men  for  like 
plantacon  in  Virginia,  vnder  the  gou^nem'  of  Wittm  Chester  Esq,,  It  is 
hereby  expressed  and  declared.  That  the  like  Comission  and  instructions 
with  like  power  and  authority  and  vnder  the  like  Condicons  respectively, 
shall  bee  conferred  on  him,  as  nowe  is  ||vp||on  the  said  John  Woodleefe 
(mutatis  mutandis)  And  that  both  their  Colonies  and  companies  shall 
bee  from  tyme  to  tyme  as  neere  as  may  bee,  supplyed  and  maintayned  in 
equall  numbers  of  men  and  all  other  provisions.  And  that  each  of  them 
the  said  Wittm  Chester  and  John  Woodleefe  shall  have  contynuance  in 
their  severall  governement^  till  a  Division  bee  made  by  the  said  S'^  Wittm 
Throckm9ton  Richard  Bark§e§ley  George  Thorpe  and  John  Smyth  or  three 
of  them.  And  that  each  of  them  in  lieu  of  their  seu^all  intertainment^ 
cares  aed  and  paynes  shall  have  allowed  vnto  them  a  full  xxv^*"  pte  apeece 
of  the  wholl  cleere  gaynes  and  profits  from  tyme  to  tyme  duringe  their 
governement^  cominge  and  arysinge  from  their  Colony es  ettfe  ef  [I or 
familyes  injl  Virginia,  To  bee  payd  vnto  them  after  sale  of  such  goods  m 
England  or  elswhere. 

8.  Itm  it  is  agreed  That  at  the  tyme  That  ptieon  of  lands,  men,  goods  and 
chatties,  shalbee  made  betwene  the  pties  herevnto  whome  it  shall  con- 
cerne.  That  each  man  shall  first  make  his  choyce  of  such  three  men  as 
best  liketh  hmi,  out  of  eyther  of  the  said  Htwojl  Colonyes  ||or  families!!  as 
were  by  himselfe  drawne  into  the  Journy  and  provided  to  bee  sent  over, 
Consideracon  beinge  theirin  had  of  their  severall  termes  of  yeares  then 


not  expyred,  to  bee  set  downe  by  the  rest  of  the  ptners  or  the  more  pte  of 

9.  Itm  Wheras  the  said  S""  Wiltm  Throkm9ton  Richard  Berk||ellley  George 
Thorpe  and  John  Smyth  have  heretofore  agreed  at  equall  charges  amongst 
themselves  to  buy  and  provide  all  things  *h  touchinge  their  said  plantacons, 
aswell  past,  nowe  plsent  and  to  come,  And  wheras  S'  George  Yardley 
knight  nowe  governor  of  Virginia,  beinge  named  a  Joynt  patentee  in  the 
said  Indenture  hath  heretofore  by  his  tre  dated  the  fourth  of  December 
last,  written  to  the  said  S'  Wiltm,  vndertaken  to  furnish  and  lade  backe 
the  pte  of  his  adventure  out  of  such  goods  and  comodyties  to  be  sent 
from  Virginia  vpon  returne  of  this  ship  as  might  countervaile  his  fift  pte 
Desiringe  that  his  said  pte  of  charge  might  bee  layd  out  and  disbursed 
for  him  in  the  meane  tyme.  It  is  nowe  agreed  vnto  vpon  the  desire  [*]  of 
the  said  John  Woodleefe,  That  if  in  case  the  said  S'  George  shall  relin- 
quish his  said  fifthe  pte  vpon  conference  to  be  had  betwene  them  two  in 
Virginia,  That  then  the  said  John  Woodleefe  shall  be  admitted  theirvnto 
payinge  vpon  returne  of  the  said  ship  in  mony  or  good  m9chantable  wares 
soe  much  as  vpon  accompt  shall  appeare  to  bee  a  fifthe  pte.  And  as  the 
fifthe  pte  of  the  other  patentees  iustly  cometh  vnto,  w''^  he  covenanteth 
hereby  to  pay  and  pforme  accordingly. 

[10]  Itm  it  is  hereby  agreed  and  declared  That  the  said  John  Woodleefe 
shall  stand  Adventurer  w*^  the  said  S''  Wittm  Throkm9ton  for  a  full  third 
pte  of  his  adventure,  over  and  besides  his  fifthe  pte  from  S'  George 
Yardley  if  it  accrewe  to  him.  Each  of  the  said  Adventurers  and  pties 
to  theis  plsent^  hereby  mutually  and  respectively  covenantinge  and 
promisinge  each  with  other,  to  beare  satisfy  and  pay  at  the  dayes  and 
tymes  requysite  and  appoynted.  All  such  monies  as  to  their  seu9all  ptes 
doth  or  shall  from  tyme  to  tyme  apptayne,  for  the  good  and  effectuall 
furtherance  and   prosecucon  of   the  said   voyage,  ||&  affaires, ||  without 

OF  Advcnturcra,  it  beinge  not  restrayned  to  any  of  the  said  patentees  to 
take  vnto  them,  vnder  theis  agreements  such  ptners  as  they  shall  Uke 
of  but  not  to  beare  voyce  in  any  consultacon  or  resolucon 

11.  Itm  wheras — xxxiij^i  by  the  month  is  agreed  to  bee  payd  to  Edward 
Williams  of  the  City  of  BristoU  marchant  for  hire  of  the  said  ship,  And — 

SEPTEMBER  4,1619  207 

iiij^'  X"  by  the  month  to  Toby  ffelgate  pylot  for  his  wages  within  fifteene 
dayes  after  returne  of  the  said  ship  As  by  bonds  and  other  securities 
given  for  payment  therof  by  some  of  the  pties  herevnto  may  appeare, 
It  is  hereby  agreed  That  for  the  more  assured  paym*  therof  there  shall 
bee  by  the  said  S'  Wittm,  Richard,  George  and  John  Smyth  delyu^ed  to 
II M' William II  Yeomans  |lvicar||  of  St.  Philhps  [**]  (appoynted  Treasorer  for 
the  jls'^ll  voyage  ||&  affaires ||)  fifty  pounds  the  peece  before  the  Twentieth 
of  January  next  for  the  better  pformance  wherof,  and  of  all  and  singuler 
Covenants  and  agreem*-^  in  theis  plsent^  menconed,  each  pty  bindeth 
himselfe  his  heires  executors  admynistrators  and  assignes  seu9ally  and 
apart  each  to  other  respectively  in  the  penall  some  of  Two  hundreds 
pounds  the  peece.  In  witnes  wherof  the  said  pties  to  theis  i^^sent^ 
Enterchangeably  as  apptayneth  have  put  their  hands  and  scales  the 
day  and  yeare  first  above  written. 

[Indorsed  by  John  Smyth:]  Coven||e||nts  &  agreem*^  mutually  amongst 
ourselves.     1619.     17.     Jac. 

LXXV.  Sir  William  Throckmorton,  Richard  Berkeley,  et  al. 
"Ordinances  direccons  and  Instructions  to  Captaine  John 

September  4,  1619 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  Smyth,  10,  also  3  (6),  pp.  61-63 

Document  in  the  New  York  Public  Library 

List  of  Kecords  No.  126 

Ordinances  direccons  and  Instructions  to  Captaine  John  Woodleefe  for 
the  gouerment  of  o''  men  and  servant^  in  the  Towne  and  hundered  of 
Bearkley  in  Virginia  giuen  by  vs  S"'  Wiltm  Throkm^ton  knight  and  bar- 
ronet  Richard  Bearkley  Esq,  George  Thorpe  escf,  and  John  Smyth  gent 
wherevnto  our  comission  of  the  date  hereof  made  to  the  said  captaine 
Woodleefe  hath  reference,  the  fourth  day  of  September  1619  Anno  xvij" 
Jac.  regis  Angli  &c 

1  Impf  wee  ordaine  that  the  day  of  our  ships  arrivall  at  the  place  assigned 
for  plantacon  in  the  land  of  Virginia  shall  be  yearly  and  perputualy  keept 
holy  as  a  day  of  thanksgiuing  to  Almighty  god. 


2  I  wee  doe  ordaine  that  the  lord^  day  be  keept  in  holy  and  religious 
order  and  that  all  bodily  labour  and  vaine  sporty  and  scandolous  recre- 
ations be  refrained,  and  that  morning  and  evening  prayer  (according  to 
the  english  booke  of  common  prayer)  be  Dayly  read  and  attended  vnto 
and  such  other  divine  exercisses  of  preaching  and  reading  to  be  on  the 
said  day  vsed,  as  it  shall  please  god  to  enable  the  minister  for  the  tyme 
there  being  to  pforme.  And  that  all  such  other  festivalls  and  holidayes 
be  observed  and  keept  w'=''  are  authorised  and  appoynted  by  the  lawes 
and  statutes  of  this  realme  of  England,  And  the  rites  and  ceremonies 
authorized  plscribed  or  apoynted  by  the  ecclesiasticall  lawes  or  channons 
of  this  realme  of  England  and  booke  of  coiTion  prayer  (estabUshed  by 
authority)  be  in  all  things  observed  and  keept,  accordmg  as  it  is  vsed  in 
the  church  of  England. 

3  I  wee  doe  ordayne  and  direct,  that  you  our  gouernor  and  all  our  people 
and  servants  assemble  togeather  once  a  day  to  prayer,  imediatly  after  the 
forenoone  labour  ended  and  before  dinner.  And  that  the  pson  then  absent 
(you  our  gouernor  and  yo'  assistants  hereafter  named  exepted)  shalbe 
punished  with  the  losse  of  his  supp9  the  same  evening  vnles  the  minister 
or  yo""  selfe  allowe  of  his  excuse  or  cause  of  his  absence 

4  I  wee  will  and  require  that  vpon  yo''  arrivall  in  the  kings  river  in  Vir- 
ginia or  in  any  branch  thereof  that  yo"  take  es  especiaU  care  for  choice  of 
the  place  where  yo"  first  sett  downe  and  entend  for  yo'  settled  habitacon, 
(be  it  one  this  side  or  beyond  James  [x  x  s  s  s]  towne)  that  the  same 
be  healthy  for  ayre  and  accomodate  w*^  fresh  water  and  easy  for  accesse 
vnto  w**"  shipe  pinnace  or  barge  rich  alsoe  in  mould  and  [x  x]  soyle  and 
of  most  likelyhoode  to  brmg  fourth  the  best  commodities  of  that  cuntry 
either  already  knowne  or  by  vs  hoped  for.  And  iron  oare  silke  grasse 
mulbery  trees  for  norishmg  of  silke  wormes,  apt  for  vines,  english  wheat, 
maize  and  other  Virginia  corne  and  for  rice,  Aniseeds  flax  [oade]  oyle  seede 
and  the  like,  rich  alsoe  in  meadow  and  pasture  for  cattell  and  in  timber 
for  shiping  and  other  vses,  and  alsoe  convenient  and  vsefuU  for  fowle  fish 
and  the  like,  And  that  yo"  reso[x  xjlue  not  on  the  place  w^'^out  the 
advice  of  yo*"  assistants  hereafter  named  and  the  assent  of  the  greater 
number  of  them.  Wherein  allsoe  wee  wiU  yo"  to  pceede  w**"  the  advice  of 
S''  George  Yardley  gouernor  of  that  kingdome,  deliuering  our  ters  written 

SEPTEMBER  4,  1619  209 

vnto  him  in  that  behalfe,  provided  that  you  settle  not  but  where  the 
natiues,  (if  any  be  or  clayme)  are  first  avoyded  by  composicon 

5  I  wee  doe  ordayne  and  direct  that  imediatly  after  the  place  of  habi- 
tacon  is  agreed  vppon  in  manner  aforesaid,  that  yo"  cause  forthw**"  to  be 
erected  houses  fit  for  the  present  shelter  and  succor  of  our  people  y^"^  as 
wee  suppose,  may  be  for  the  better  expedicon  built  homelike  and  to  be 
couered  w**"  bordes;  of  w''''  we  commend  to  yo""  especiall  care  the  framing 
of  twoo,  where  of  the  one  for  the  safe  keeping  of  the  tooles  implements 
of  husbandry  powder,  shott.  Armor,  and  victuall,  w"""  wee  wish  may  be 
be  strongly  planted  on  the  inside:  And  the  other  for  your  assemblies  at 
time  of  prayer  and  time  of  diet,  and  our  further  direction  is,  That  if  the 
ship  shall  disburden  for  lading  before  the  said  storehouses  for  receipt 
thereof  cane  be  built,  That  then  the  same  be  vnladen  into  the  comon 
warehouse  in  James  Towne,  or  the  Bermuday  grana'"y  by  the  gouernors 
order  and  therevnto  first  obtayned. 

6  I  wee  doe  ordaine  that  w**^  all  convenient  expedicon,  yo"  cause  to  be 
inclosed  400  acres  (or  more)  w*""  a  stronge  pale  of  seaven  foote  and  halfe 
highe  whereby  such  corne  grayne  seeds  vines  Tobacco,  and  the  like  as 
shalbe  sowen  or  planted  and  such  cattle  as  shalbe  transported  by  vs  or 
provided  in  Virginia,  will  be  more  safely  preserved. 

7  I  wee  doe  nominate  and  comend  vnto  yo"  as  yo""  assistants  for  yo"' 
better  exection  of  the  authority  by  vs  on  yo"  conferred,  fferdinando  yeat, 
John  Blanchard  Richard  Godfry  Rowland  Panter  and  Thomas  Coppy,  of 
whose  seu^all  integrities  and  discretions  wee  hauing  made  sufficient  triall 
doe  therefore  ordaine,  that  in  all  businesses  of  import  of  what  kind  soever, 
you  take  theire  advise,  and  the  assent  of  the  greatest  pte  of  them  fiue: 
And  that  they  diet  w**"  and  as  yo""  selfe,  at  one  and  the  same  table  togeather 
And  that  alsoe  all  the  rest  doe  diet  togeather,  and  to  be  equaly  pvided 
for  as  nere  as  may  be: 

8  I  we  doe  ordaine,  that  there  shalbe  an  ordinary  Corps  dewe  gard  each 
night  in  our  towne  of  Bearkley,  to  consist  at  the  first  of  fiue,  to  succeede 
in  torne  as  the  company  will  afford  and  afterwards  as  yo''  number  shall 
encrease  whereof  one  to  be  of  the  number  of  those  seaven  that  shall  be 
deputie  and  called,  captaines  of  the  watche. 


9  I  for  the  more  decent  and  comley  gouerment  and  ordering  of  our 
famyly  wee  substitute  and  appoynt,  fferdinando  yeat  to  be  ancient,  and 
Rowland  Paynter  Se''geant  of  the  company,  And  John  Blanchard  to  be 
steward  of  the  houshold  and  clarke  of  the  store  of  apparrell  and  beding 
And  the  said  Rowland  Paynter  to  be  clarke  of  the  kitchin,  w*''  w*  two  or 
more  (as  Caters  or  cuntry  Purvires)  to  be  associated  vnto  him,  And  Henry 
Perce  to  be  vsher  of  the  hall  and  Thomas  Partridg  now  abiding  in  Vir- 
ginia (if  he  ioyne  vnto  to  be  balyffe  of  our  husbandries,  if  not,  then 
whone  yo"  and  yo''  assistants  shall  thinke  meete,  and  the  said  fferdinando 
yeat  to  take  care  of  our  Armor  and  of  all  our  tooles  of  husbandry. 

10  I  wee  doe  ordayne  that  if  it  shall  soe  please  god  that  M''  Woodleefe 
dye  before  the  Arivall  of  M""  Chester,  That  then  the  gouerment  of  our 
famiUes  and  of  our  affayres  shall  remaine  w*^  and  vnder  those  Assistants 
and  the  survivers  of  them  that  wee  haue  before  associated  vnto  M''  Wood- 
leefe and  if  it  shall  please  god  that  either  M''  Woodleefe  or  M''  Chester 
shall  die  after  both  of  them  are  arrived  in  Virginia,  That  then  the  gouer- 
ment of  both  famyUes  shall  remaine  w*''  and  vnder  the  surviver  of  them 
ayded  w**"  the  assistants  of  bothe  famihes. 

[Indorsed:]  Copy  of  Instructions  geven  to  Captayne  Woodleefe.  4.  Sept. 
1619.  17.  Jac. 

LXXVI.  Indenture  between  the  Four  Adventurers  of  Berkeley 
Hundred  and  Robert  Coopy  of  North  Nibley 

September  7,  1619 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  Smyth,  1 1 

Document  in  the  New  York  Public  Library.     Original  Document  with  Signatures 

and  Seals  Affixed 

List  of  Records  No.  127 

This  Indenture  made  the  seventh  day  of  September.  1619.  in  the  xvij*^ 
yeare  of  the  raigne  of  our  sou^aigne  lord  kinge  lames  of  England  &c. 
Betwene  S''  Wittm  Throkm9ton  knight  and  baronet  Richard  Berkley 
Escb  George  Thorpe  Esq,  and  lohn  Smyth  gent  on  the  one  pte  And 
Robert  Coopy  of  Northnibly  in  the  county  of  Glouc  Husbandman  on 
th'other  pte.     Witnesseth  That  the  said  Robert  doth  hereby  covenant 

SEPTEMBER  7,  1619  211 

faythfully  to  serve  the  said  S''  WiUm,  Richard  George  and  lohn  for 
three  yeares  from  datye  hefe  of  §his  landinge§  in  the  land  of 
Virginia,  there  to  bee  imployed  in  the  lawful!  and  reasonable  workes 
and  labors  of  them  the  said  S''  Wiltm  Richard  George  and  lohn  and 
their  assignes,  and  to  be  obedient  to  such  governors  his  and  their 
assistants  and  counsell  as  they  the  said  S''  Wiltm  Richard  George  and 
lohn  shall  from  tyme  to  tyme  appoynt  and  set  over  %  him.  In 
consideracon  whereof,  the  said  S''  Wiltm  Richard  George  and  lohn  doe 
covenant  with  the  said  Robert  to  transport  him  (with  gods  assistance) 
with  all  convenient  speed  into  the  said  land  of  Virginia  at  their  costC  and 
charges  in  all  things,  and  there  to  maintayne  him  with  convenient  diet 
and  apparell  meet  for  such  a  servant,  And  in  thend  of  the  said  terme  to 
make  him  a  free  man  of  the  said  Cuntry  theirby  to  enioy  all  the  hberties 
freedomes  and  priviledges  of  a  freeman  there,  And  to  grant  to  the  said 
Robert  thirty  acres  of  land  within  their  Territory  or  hundred  of  Barkley 
in  the  said  land  for  the  terme  of  his  life  and  of  two  others  then  by  him  to 
bee  named  (if  hee  bee  then  lyvinge)  vnder  the  yearly  rent  of  twelve  pence 
for  each  acre,  and  such  other  reasonable  §condicons  and§  services  as  ate 
vauall  ftftd  accustomed  ift  tfee  said  laftd  §at  or  before  the  sealinge  therof 
shall  be  agreed  betwene  the  said  pties.§  And  to  pay  each  quarter  of  a 
yeare  ten  shillings  to  the  wife  of  the  said  Robert  at  her  house  in  North- 
nibly  aforesaid  towards  her  mayntenance  duringe  the  said  terme  if  hee 
soe  longe  lyve,  Wherof  is  alredy  payd  thirty  shillings.  Given  Enter- 
changeably  vnder  their  hands  and  scales  the  day  and  yeare  first  above 

Ric:  Berkeley  (Seal) 
Geo:  Thorpe  (Seal) 
loHN  Smyth  (Seal) 

[Indorsed:]  Rob:  Coopy  he  forso[oA-e]  y^  voyage: — by  assent. 


LXXVII.  Sir  William  Throckmorton  and   his   Three  Associates 
Letter  to  Sir  George  Yeardley 

September  9,  1619 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  Smyth,  3  (11),  Page  77 

Document  in  the  New  York  Pubhc  Library 

List  of  Records  No.  128 

[77]  To  our  honorable  frend  S'  George  Yardley  knight  governor  of  Virginia. 
Hon*''''  S"":  Wee  send  y©«  herinclosed  the  copy  of  our  Ire  written  the 
xviij*^  of  ffebruary  last,  least  the  same  should  not  yet  bee  come  to  your 
hands,  And  although  we  have  somewhat  longer  drawne  out  the  dispatch 
of  our  busines  by  reason  of  some  hindrances  that  vnexpectedly  arose, 
yet  by  gods  assistance  we  have  herewith  sent  in  a  ship  called  the  Margaret 
of  Bristoll  .35.  men  vnder  the  comaund  of  Captayne  John  Woodleefe  to 
bee  planted  in  Vu-ginia  by  vertue  of  our  Patent,  wherm  if  it  please  you 
to  hold  a  pte,  wee  need  not  doubt  of  your  assistance;  but  not  knowinge 
whether  you""  other  nowe  greater  imploym*^  will  suffer  you  to  discend  soe 
lowe  as  to  accept  hereof,  wee  doe  hereby  comend  vnto  your  favorable 
pteccon  our  wholl  busines,  aswell  for  the  choyce  of  a  fit  place  for  our 
plantacon  (w"''  in  pticular  we  leave  to  Captayne  Woodleefe  to  informe) 
as  also  to  comend  vnto  you  the  desire  wee  your  frends  have  to  live  in  the 
favorable  remembrance  of  your  dayly  assistinge  of  Captayne  Woodleefe: 
Wee  also  send  you  herewith  the  Accompt  of  all  charges  past  in  this  busi- 
nes, that  you  may  the  better  satisfy  yourselfe,  whether  you  will  bee 
pleased  to  loyne  with  vs  or  noe,  intreatinge  that  if  you  shall  accept  of 
our  ptnership,  That  then  by  this  ship  you  send  vs  either  in  mony  or 
m9chantable  goods  your  fifth  pte  therof,  and  also  order  for  the  charges 
of  further  supply  to  bee  sent  vnto  our  plantacon  both  of  men  &  neces- 
saries w"^  by  gods  assistance  wee  purpose  not  longer  to  neglect,  then 
Aprill  next  at  the  farthest.  The  further  adu^tisement  of  our  affajTes 
we  comend  to  the  relacon  of  Captayne  Woodleefe.  Comendinge  our- 
selves in  aU  frendly  respects,  We  remayne  ever 
Your  very  loving  frends 

WiEtM  Throkm9ton 
Richard  Berkeley 
George  Thorpe 
BrLstoll  .9.  Sept  1619  Iohn  Smythe 

SEPTEMBER  ]o,  1619 


LXXVIII.  The  Certificate  of  John  Swye,  Mayor  of  Bristol, 
OF  the  Men  who  Shipped  in  the  "Margaret"  under  Captain 

September  15,  1619 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  3  (10),  page  76 

Document  in  the  New  York  Public  Library 

List  of  Records  No.  129 

[76]  To  the  Treasorer  company  and  Counsell  of  Adventurers  and  planters 
of  the  City  of  London,  for  the  first  Colony  in  Virginia. 

Theis  are  to  certify  That  in  the  good  Ship  of  Bristoll  called  the  Margaret, 
this  pisent  xv*''  day  of  September.  1619.  were  shipped  from  our  port  of 
Bristoll  for  plantacon  in  Virginia,  at  the  charges  of  S""  Willm  Throkm9ton 
knight  and  Baronet,  Richard  Berkeley  George  Thorpe  and  lohn  Smyth 
Esquiers  vnder  the  conduct  of  lohn  Woodleefe  Escf,,  appoynted  Captayne 
and  governor  over  them,  theis  thirty  and  six  psons  whose  names  ensue, 
who  forthw*^  proceeded  in  their  voyage  accordingly. 

Toby  ffelgate  gent 
fferdinando  Yate  gent 
lohn  Blanchard  gent 
Henry  Peers  gent 
Richard  Godfry 
Thomas  Coopy 
Rowland  Painter 
lohn  Cole 
Humphry  Osborne 
Humphry  Plant 
Thomas  Davis 
Xfopher  Nelme 
Richard  Sherife  thelder 
Richard  Sherife  the  yonger 
Edward  Paynter 
Charles  Coyfe 
lames  Cley 
Samuell  Coopy 


Willm  Cole 
Thomas  Peirse 
Thomas  Deinton 
Xfopher  Bourton 
WilTm  Parker 
lohn  Hurd 
Witlm  Patche 
Thomas  Patche 
Thomas  Sandford 
Willm  Stone 
lohn  lones 
Stephen  Torfet 
Thomas  Molton 
lohn  Taylor 
Walter  Hampton 
Thomas  Thorpe 
lohn  Singer 
WiUm  Clement 
Swye  maior. 


LXXIX.  Account  of  A.  B.  of  the  Expenses  of  the  Voyage,  ren- 
dered TO  Sir  William  Throckmorton  and  Associates 

September  16,  1619,  to  September  16,  1620 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  Smyth,  3  (32),  Pages  140-141 

Document  in  the  New  York  Pubhc  Library 

List  of  Records  No.  130 

[140]  The  accompt  of  A.  B.  for  all  monies  payd  since  the  xvj*^  of  Septem- 
ber .1619.  touchinge  the  last  yeares  voyage  and  the  wages  of  those 
servants  then  sent  since  growne  due  to  them  to  this  day.  16.  Sept  1620  \ 

To  lohn  Driver  Carpenter  for  worke  by  him  done  vpon  our  owne  ship  l 

at  Gatcombe  vpon  his  bill  of  3^ — 16^ — 3'*.  payd  as  his  bill  and  ac-  \  iij" 
quitance  sheweth I 

To  lohn  White  Carpenter  for  worke  about  the  same  Ship  as  his  bill  1  ^^•■•s 
and  acquitance  sheweth I 

To  Richard  Soten  for  worke  about  the  same  ship  as  his  bill  and  ac-  I  ^^-^ 
quitance  sheweth J 

To  lohn  Barrowe  Carpenter  for  timber  trunnells  and  worke  about  the  1  ^^^yj^s  y[[-.a 
same  ship  as  his  bill  and  acquitance  sheweth J 

To  WiTTm  Donynge  for  planckes  and  hordes  bought  of  him  for  the  same  1  ^j^j-s 
ship  as  his  bill  and  acquitance  shewe J 

Theis  .5.  former  somes  are  payd  also  by  warrant  of  the  subscription  of  Richard 
Partridge  avowinge  the  truth  of  them. 

To  Willm  Archard  and  Wiltm  Lewis  least  owinge  to  them  for  writinge  1 

in  September  .1619.    As  their  bill  and  the  foot  of  the  last  yeares  \  lv^ 
Accompt  shewe I 

To  S'  Wiltm  Throkm9ton  vpon  his  bill  in  October  last  after  the  last  | 

Accompt  not  therin  allowed  to  him,  w'''^  he  recouped  as  his  Ire  of  |  iiij".  xviij** 
.7.  October  .1619.  sheweth I 

To  the  wife  of  Richard  Godfry  loaned  to  her  at  seu^all  tymes  since 
her  husbands  depture  in  supply  of  her  want^,  w""  is  to  be  repayd. 

To  the  wife  of  lohn  Cole  for  his  wages  by  agreement  for  Michaelmas  i 
&  xmas  quarters  .1619.  and  Anuncyacon  and  Midsomer  quarters  |  x^ 
.1620.  by  argeem* i 


To  the  wife  of  Xfopher  Nelme  for  his  wages  for  Xmas  quarter  .1619.  | 

And  for  Th'anuncyacon  midsomer  and  Michas  quarters  .1620.  by  [  xiij^.  iiij'^ 
agreement ' 

'  This  date  is  entered  by  John  Smyth. 


SEPTEMBER  20,  1619  215 

To  the  wife  of  Thomas  Coopy  for  his  Xmas  quarters  wages  .1619.     And  t    ,, 
his  Anunciacon  Midsomer  and  Michas  wages  .1620.  by  agreem'..  J  ' 

ffor  Clowt  leather  by  me  payd  sent  over  the  lastyeare  not  in  that  i   _  ^--a 
accompt P' 

To  M""  Langly  vpon  his  bill  not  brought  in  till  after  the  endinge  of  the  \...^  _  ^ 
last  yeares  accompt,  as  by  the  same  appeareth J 

Sm  total  xxxj"  xij^  vj" 

Quarta  pars  inde  —  vij"  xviij^  j''  ob  w"*"  each  of  the  fower  pteners  oweth  me. 

A.  B. 

LXXX.  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar 

September  20,  1619 

Ferrar  Papers 

Document  in  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge  University.     Autograph  Letter,  Signed 

List  of  Records  No.  131 

S"'  I  send  y"  here  enough  to  read;  &  therfore  my  owne  writing  may  be 
short:  so  also  must  it  be,  for  my  tyme  is  spent.  The  next  week  I  will 
write  to  y"  at  full  of  all  busines,  &  the  next  moneth  be  w*''  y",  to  assist 
in  effecting  §them§.  Meane  while  I  shalbe  glad  to  heare  from  y""  of  the 
nues  stirring  in  those  parts:  especially  of  the  certainty  of  the  affaires  of 
Bohemia:  &  what  else  y"  please. 

I  pray  y"  doo  not  swarue  from  my  former  order  of  paiments:  viz 
First  all  for  the  Bona  nova. 
Secondly  Fraight  &  wages  for  the  Diana. 
Thirdly  the  old  Debts  for  the  Diana:  coming  by  M""  Webs  note 

to  170 1  in  all. 
Then  not  anie  more  till  o'  meeting,  for  a  reason  y"  then  shall 


And  I  pray  y"^  get  y°''  warren ts  to  me  for  all  from  the  Committies:  &  to 
beare  Date  a  little  before  the  monie  was  paid:  hereof  be  carefull:  But  for 
the  old  Debt  for  the  Diana  it  must  be  from  the  Auditors.  So  w*''  most 
hartie  commendacions,  I  rest 

Y°"  assured,  Edwin  Sandys 

Northborn  .20.  Septemb:  1619. 


I  have  written  to  Francis  Carter,  for  som  few  paiments  to  be  made  for  my 
owne  use,  out  of  my  owne  monie:  w"=^  I  have  given  order  to  be  paid  unto 
y"  for  Virginia  busines.     I  pray  y"  let  them  be  accordingly  satisfyed. 

[Indorsed:]  S^  E.  Sandys,  Northborn  to  John  Farrar  Sept  20  1619. 
[Addressed:]  To  my  very  worthy  Friend  M""  John  Farrar  Deputy  of  the 
Company  for  Virginia 

LXXXI.  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  the  [Earl  of  Southampton] 

September  29,  1619 

Ferrar  Papers 
Document  in  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge  University.     A  Rough  Draft  in  Sandys' 

List  of  Records  No.  132 

[lb]  Right  Honorable 

Beeing  advertized  of  y°'  I/'  return  to  London,  it  trowbled  me  much 
that  I  could  not  sodainly  wayt  upon  y"""  L":  beeing  detained  here  by 
a  coorse  of  physick,  imposed  upon  he  §me§  for  som  tyme,  yety  in 
way  of  prevention.  I  am  also  put  in  som  hope  &  expectance,  that 
my  L.  of  Doncaster  wilbe  pleased  to  take  my  house  in  his  way:  at  w'=*' 
tjnne  I  should  be  exceeding  §very§  loth  to  be  absent,  beeing  so  much 
beholden  to  his  L^  as  I  am.  Mean  tyme  I  am,  &  have  §&  wilbe§  beeft 
carefuU,  that  there  should  be  no  §defect§  neglect  found  in  o'  Virginia 
busines.  The  chief  whereof  is  now,  the  paying  of  mariners  wages,  & 
fraight  of  Ships  returned:  w'=''  is  all  w^  performed  by  my  §honest§  faithfull 
&  carefull  Deputie;  whom  I  have  furnished  for  that  purpose  w*''  §above§ 
One  Thousand  pounds  &  upward ;  so  that  all  men  have  been  satisfyed 
iustly  at  their  days.  Only  one  thing  dooth  much  perplex  me,  wherein  I 
shalbe  bold  to  crave  ee«i  Direction  from  y°''  iF.  The  Governo''  S"'  George 
Yeardley,  having  taken  exceeding  pains  for  the  setling  of  all  things 
§matters§  in  order  in  Virginia,  &  for  laying  the  foundation  of  a  regular 
State,  accordmg  to  his  Instructions  &  other  Directions;  hath  sodainly 
fallen  into  a  violent  resolution  of  quitting  his  Place,  (grounding  himself 
upon  an  erro"",)  &  ceaseth  not  by  all  his  letters  pubHck  &  private  to  impor- 
tune it.  The  erro'  is,  that  he  conceiveth  S""  Thomas  Smyth  still  to  be 
Treasuro',  w**"  his  Alderman  Deputie:  &  supposeth  that  he  shalbe  there 

SEPTEMBER  29,  1619  217 

the  Subiect  of  their  maHgnancie,  &  so  as  to  be  wronged  ^  disgraced  fey 
them  in  his  place  &  actions  §be  his  Industrie  &  Integritie  never  so  great§ 
S""  Th  Smyth  was  highly  offended  w*^  his  §8''  George  Yeardleys  being§ 
knighted:  aleging  that  §it§  beeing  doon  contrarie  to  his  pleasure,  yet  both 
his  name,  &  the  whole  companies  name,  were  used  in  it  §either§  whereof 
[in  truth]  was  so.  Before  S''  Georges  Departure,  I  both  labored  &  effected 
a  Reconcihation,  (thinking  it  very  unfitt  that  the  Treasuro'  of  the  Com- 
panie,  &  the  Governo''  of  the  Colonie,  should  be  at  Variance:  &  mutuall 
offices  of  love  §&  frendship§  tfe  kyndnea  did  passt  on  bothe  sides.  After 
S''  Georges  §was  gone§  dcparturoj  I  §perceived§  saw  my  woork  to  be 
unsound,  ffor  upon  occasion  of  a  motion  made  openly  against  S""  G. 
Yeardley  by  a  noble  person  in  fave*"  as  §  contemplation  as  seemed§  was  eest- 
ocivcd  of  Captain  Argall,  S'  Thomas  taking  the  advantage  renued  his 
former  [2*]  displeasure;  not  long  after  upbraiding  again  in  open  coort  his 
unduely  procured  Knighthood :  M'  Canning  also  muttering  etw  matter  of 
disgrace  fey  §to§  his  wife:  &  this  against  a  man,  to  whom  they  §had§ 
professed  frendship,  §who  was§  chosen  by  themselves,  &  sent  §by  them 
(in  great  part  at  his  own  private  charges)!  to  so  difficult  a  service.  The 
report  hereof  coming  (as  dooth  now  appeare)  to  S"'  G  Yeardley,  (for  his 
owne  brother  was  present),  hath  bred  in  him  this  discontent,  &  hastie 
resolution,  not  to  serve  under  his  controU,  whose  hatred  §though  causeles§ 
was  so  strong,  as  to  break  thorough  the  §nue§  bounds  of  a  publick  recon- 
cihation. Yet  he  offereth,  that  beeing  dismissed  of  the  place  of  Governo"^, 
he  will  continue  in  that  Contrie,  &  prosecute  w**"  all  care  o''  Smiths  Hundred 
busines.  w'=''  in  particular  for  o''  Societie  were  a  matter  of  much  benefit: 
but  the  well  carrying  of  the  pubUck  is  of  more  importance.  To  the  setting 
up  whereof,  we  have  this  yeare  ah'edy  sent  three  Fifties  of  persons:  One 
in  Januarie  w^''  S""  G.  Yeardley,  for  the  Governors  land:  &  the  other  two 
now  lately,  for  the  College  &  Companies  lands.  There  were  also  in  March 
last  20.  sent  for  the  Companies  land  in  Captain  Lawns  Ship:  &  4.  in  the 
Triall:  &  about  10.  more  for  the  pubhck  wilbe  recovered  in  the  Contrie. 
My  Desire  is  to  make  those  Fifties  up  so  manie  Hundreds,  to  be  sent 
away  in  the  end  of  Januarie  next.  To  w''''  purpose  I  cast  about  for  supphe 
of  monie:  &  am  in  good  hope  to  bring  it  to  effect.  I  suppose  there  is  no 
man  that  knoweth  the  Contrie,  but  will  easUy  acknowlege,  that  the  profit 
of  the  labo'"s  of  these  three  hundred  meft  §once  setled§,  redounding  equally 


to  the  Governour,  College,  &  Companie,  can  be  esteemed  at  no  lesse  then 
a  Thousand  pounds  a  yeare  to  each ;  &  I  hope  §in  som  short  tyme§  double 
that  sum.  w''^  wilbe  a  fair  ground  §whereon§  to  reedifie  that  state:  & 
w'^'',  if  §former§  my  persuasions  had  taken  anie  place,  had  not  been  now 
to  doo  for  the  Governo''  &  Companie.  But  this  my  good  L.  cannot  be 
doon  w*^out  great  charge,  w"^  causeth  the  w^'^drawing  of  pubHck  monie 
out  of  private  mens  hands:  whence  riseth  this  name  of  Accounts,  so 
mortally  hated. 

I  had  thought  that  no  man,  carrying  the  face  of  an  honest  man,  could 
have  been  displeased  w*^  beeing  called  to  an  Account:  beeing  the  onlie 
iustification  &  discharge  of  a  true  man.  But  it  §hath§  fallen  out  other- 
wise. In  steed  of  thanks  for  my  labo"",  I  have  reaped  a  masse  of  malignitie : 
under  w"^  (had  it  not  been  by  the  hdp  of  y"'  Lp'  §noble§  Justice)  I  might 
have  quailed.  But  in  affiance  of  §the  blessing  of  God  first  &  next  of§ 
the  continuance  e^  y°''  I/^  §Constancie§  geed  feve'',  I  will  not  faint  in 
§persisting  to  goo  on  to§  dooiftg  that,  w^'^out  w'=''  this  woork  can  not  be 
doon.  But  touching  S'  George  Yeardley,  the  assurance  w"*"  I  gave  of  his 
faithfulnes,  §experience§  honest  ea#e  aufficicncic  &  Industrie,  dooth  cause  me 
§much§  to  desire  it  exceedingly  that  the  woork  w"^  in  my  yeare  dooth  moove 
from  hence,  may  passe  on  §«»te§  under  to  his  hands  to  be  the  cstabling  ©f 
§there§  established  ef  it  there.  Men  of  greater  place  or  higher  thoughts 
may  perhaps  [2^]  folde  their  §owne§  particular  mynds:  w''^  heretofore  I 
doubt  hath  doon  little  good  to  the  Colonic.  Besides  I  hold  fit  that  no 
mutation  be  made,  till  S""  Thomas  Dales  return:  that  we  may  first  knowe 
what  coorse  he  §then  entends  to§  will  take.  S'  George  Yeardley  hath 
written  of  late  twice  to  the  Counseil,  once  by  the  Diana,  &  as  w"''  came  to 
my  hands;  &  since  by  the  Prosperous,  w''''  are  delivered  to  S""  Thomas  Smith. 
The  former  packett  I  opened,  having  present  oportunitie  to  write  back 
unto  him:  &  now  have  sent  it  to  o''  Deputie  M'  Ferrar,  to  be  presented 
to  y""  ]>  w**"  the  rest  of  the  Counseil,  when  y"""  L^  shall  be  pleased  that  they 
be  assembled.  My  humble  suit  to  y"""  I>  is,  ©ftly  fef  the  §if  it  shall  seem§ 
good  of  Virginia  §for§  the  service  §of  Virginia§  no  advantage  be  taken  of 
S''  Georges  has  rash  offer  e^e?  (nothing  dowting  b«t  §  conceiving  that§  by 
this  tyme  §seeing  his  erro"^!  he  would  recall  it,)  if  he  could :  but  that  it 
either  §it§  may  be  passed  §past§  elese  over  in  silence,  or  reserved  held  in 
suspence  till  som  farther  oportunitie  may  §better§  discover  what  is  fittest 

SEPTEMBER  30,  1619  219 

to  be  doon.  About  Alholantyde,  not  to  faile  if  God  permit,  I  purpose  to 
present  my  personall  service  to  y"""  I/.  Meane  while  my  best  prayers 
shall  alwaies  thether  ascend,  whence  I  beseech  §that§  all  best  blessings 
may  descend  upon  y°''  iF.     And  so  w*^  all  duetie  I  take  humble  leve  &  fee* 

[No  signature.] 
Northborn  29.  Sept.  1619. 

[Indorsed  by  Sir  Edwin  Sandys:]  From  S'  Edw.  Sandis  dated  the  29  Sept: 


[No  address.] 

LXXXII.  John   Pory.     A  Letter  to  "the  Right   honble   and   my 
singular  good  lorde  " 

September  30,  1619 

Barlow  Collection,  2270 

Document  in  the  New  York  Public  Library.     Autograph  Letter,  Signed 

List  of  Records  No.  133 

Right  hon'''"  and  my  singular  good  lorde,  Hauing  mett  w""  so  fitt  a  mes- 
senger as  this  man  of  warre  of  Flushing,  I  could  not  but  imparte  w*''  yo'' 
lo^  (to  whom  I  am  so  euerlastingly  bounde)  these  poore  fruites  of  our 
labours  here;  wherein  though  your  lo^  will  espie  many  errours  &  imper- 
fections, and  matters  of  lowe  esteeme;  yet  w^'^all  you  wilbe  contente  to 
obserue  the  very  principle  and  rudiments  of  our  Infant-Coinonwealth; 
w"''  though  nowe  contemptible,  your  lo^  may  Hue  to  see  a  flourishing 
Estate;  maugre  both  Spaniards  &  Indians.  The  occasion  of  this  ships 
coming  hither  was  an  accidental  consortship  in  the  West  Indies  w*''  the 
Tresurer  an  English  man  of  warre  also,  licensed  by  a  Comission  from  the 
Duke  of  Sauoye  to  take  Spaniards  as  lawfull  prize.  This  ship  the  Treas- 
urer wente  out  of  England  in  Aprill  was  tweluemoneth,  about  a  moneth, 
I  thinke,  before  any  peace  was  concluded  between  the  king  of  Spaine  &  that 
prince.  Hither  shee  came  to  Captaine  Argall  then  govern""  of  this  Colony, 
being  parte-owner  of  her.  Hee  more  for  loue  of  gaine  the  root  of  all  euill, 
[x  X  ?£  x]  then  for  any  true  love  he  bore  to  this  Plantation,  victualled 
&  manned  her  anewe,  and  sente  her  w**^  the  same  Cofnission  to  raunge 
the  Indies.     The  euente  whereof  (we  may  misdoubte)  will  proove  some 


attempte  of  the  Spaniard  upon  us,  either  by  waye  of  revenge,  or  by  way 
of  prevention;  least  we  might  in  time  make  this  place  sedem  belli  against 
the  West  Indies.  But  our  Govern'  being  a  soldier  truly  bred  in  that 
vniversity  of  warre  the  lowe  Countries,  purposeth  at  a  place  or  two  upon 
the  riuer  fortifiable  to  prouide  for  them,  animating  in  the  meane  while 
this  warlike  people  (then  whom  for  their  small  number,  no  prince  can  be 
serued  w*''  better)  by  his  example  to  prepare  their  courages. 

Both  those  of  our  nation  and  the  Indians  also  haue  this  Torride  somer 
bene  visited  w*'*  great  sicknes  &  mortality;  w"^^  our  good  God  (his  name 
be  blessed  for  it)  hath  recompensed  w***  a  maruelous  plenty,  suche  as 
hath  not  bene  seen  since  our  first  coming  into  the  lande.  For  my  selfe 
I  was  partly  at  land  &  partly  at  sea  vexed  w**"  a  Calenture  of  some  4.  or 
5.  moneths.  But  (praised  be  god)  I  am  nowe  as  healthfuU  as  euer  I  was 
in  my  life.  Here  (as  yo''  lo^  cannot  be  ignorant)  I  am,  for  faulte  of  a 
better.  Secretary  of  Estate,  the  first  that  euer  was  chosen  and  appointed 
by  Comission  from  the  CounseU  and  Company  in  England,  vnder  their 
handes  &  comon  scale.  By  my  fees  I  must  maintaine  my  selfe;  w''''  the 
Gouern'  telles  me,  may  this  yeare  amounte  to  a  matter  of  300"  sterling; 
wherof  fifty  I  doe  owe  to  himselfe,  and  I  pray  God  the  remainder  may 
amounte  to  a  hundred  more.  As  yet  I  haue  gotten  nothing,  saue  onely 
(if  I  may  speak  it  w*^out  boasting,  a  general  reputation  of  integrity, 
for  hauing  spoken  freely  to  all  matters,  according  to  my  conscience;  and 
as  neare  as  I  could  discerne,  done  euery  man  right. 

As  touching  the  quality  of  this  country,  three  thinges  there  bee,  w*"^ 
in  fewe  yeares  may  bring  this  Colony  to  perfection;  the  English  plough, 
Vineyards,  &  Cattle.  For  the  first,  there  be  many  grounds  here  cleared 
by  the  Indians  to  our  handes,  w''^  being  muche  worne  out,  will  beare  no 
more  of  their  corne,  w"*"  requireth  an  extrordinary  deale  of  sappe  &  sub- 
stance to  nourish  it:  but  of  our  graine  of  all  sortes  it  will  beare  great 
abundance.  We  have  had  this  yeare  a  plentifuU  cropp  of  English  wheat, 
tho  the  last  haruest  1618.  was  onely  shed  upon  the  stubble,  and  so  selfe- 
sowne,  w^'^out  any  other  manurance.  In  luly  last  so  soon  as  we  had 
reaped  this  selfe-sowen  wheate,  we  sett  Indian  corne  upon  the  same 
grounde,  w'^^  is  come  up  in  great  abundance;  and  so  by  this  meanes  we 
are  to  enjoye  two  crops  in  one  yeare  from  off  one  &  the  same  fielde.     The 

SEPTEMBER  30,  1619  221 

greattest  labour  we  haue  yet  bestowed  upon  English  wheate,  hath  bene, 
upon  newe  broken  up  groundes,  one  ploughing  onely  &  one  harrowing, 
far  shorte  of  the  Tilthe  used  in  Christendome,  w''''  when  we  shall  haue 
ability  enough  to  performe  we  shall  produce  miracles  out  of  this  earthe. 
Vines  here  are  in  suche  abundance,  as  wheresoeuer  a  man  treads,  they 
are  ready  to  embrace  his  foote.  I  haue  tasted  here  of  a  great  black  grape 
as  big  as  a  Damascin,  that  hath  a  true  Muscatell-taste;  the  vine  wherof 
now  spending  itselfe  euen  to  the  topps  of  high  trees,  if  it  were  reduced 
into  a  vineyard,  and  there  domesticated,  would  yeild  mcomparable  fruite. 
The  like  or  a  better  taste  haue  I  founde  in  a  lesser  sorte  of  black  grapes. 
White  grapes  also  of  great  excellency  I  haue  hearde  to  be  in  the  country; 
but  they  are  very  rare,  nor  did  I  euer  see  or  taste  of  them.  For  cattle, 
they  do  mightily  increase  here,  both  kine,  hogges,  &  goates,  and  are 
much  greater  in  stature,  then  the  race  of  them  first  brought  out  of  Eng- 
land. No  lesse  are  our  horses  and  mares  likely  to  multiply,  w"''  proove 
of  a  delicate  shape,  &  of  as  good  spirite  &  metall.  All  our  riches  for  the 
present  doe  consiste  in  Tobacco,  wherem  one  man  by  his  owne  labour 
hath  in  one  yeare,  raised  to  himself e  to  the  value  of  200"  sterlmg;  and 
another  by  the  meanes  of  sixe  seruants  hath  cleared  at  one  crop  a  thou- 
sand pound  enghsh.  These  be  true,  yet  indeed  rare  examples,  yet  possi- 
ble to  be  done  by  others.  Our  principall  wealth  (I  should  haue  said) 
consisteth  in  seruants:  but  they  are  chardgeable  to  be  furnished  w**" 
armes,  apparell,  &  bedding,  and  for  their  transportation,  and  casuall 
both  at  sea,  &  for  their  first  yeare  comonly  at  lande  also:  but  if  they 
escape,  they  prooue  very  hardy,  and  sound  able  men. 
Nowe  that  j^o""  lo^  may  knowe,  we  are  not  the  veriest  beggers  in  the  worlde, 
our  Cowe-keeper  here  of  lames  citty  on  Sundayes  goes  acowterd  all  in 
freshe  flaming  silkes  and  a  wife  of  one  that  in  England  had  professed  the 
black  arte  not  of  a  scholler  but  of  a  collier  of  Croydon,  weares  her  rough 
beuer  hatt  w'''  a  faire  perle  hattband,  and  a  silken  suite  therto  correspe- 
§e§ndent.  But  to  leaue  the  Populace,  and  to  come  higher,  the  Gouerno'' 
here,  who  at  his  first  coming,  besides  a  great  deale  of  worth  in  his  person, 
brought  onely  his  sworde  w*^*"  him,  was  at  his  late  bemg  m  London, 
together  w*^  his  lady,  out  of  his  meer  gettings  here,  able  to  disburse  very 
near  three  thousand  pounds  to  furnishe  himselfe  for  his  voiage.  And  once 
w^^'in  seuen  yeares,  I  am  persuaded  (absit  invidia  verbo)  that  the  Gouerno" 

1282—33 IG 


place  here  may  be  as  proffitable  as  the  lord  Depuities  of  Irland.  All  this 
not  w^^'standing,  I  may  say  of  my  selfe,  that  when  I  was  the  last  yeare 
w*''  yo""  loP  at  Middleborough,  si  mens  non  laeua  fuisset,  I  might  haue 
gone  to  the  Hagh  w**"  you,  and  founde  my  selfe  there  nowe  in  far  better 
company,  w''''  indeed  is  the  soule  of  this  life,  and  might  haue  bene  deeply 
ingrafted  into  yo''  lo^*  seruice,  w''''  since  I  haue  a  thousand  times  affected 
in  vaine.  And  therfore  seing  I  haue  missed  that  singular  happines, 
I  must  for  what  remaines,  depende  upon  Gods  prouidence,  who,  my 
hope  is,  wilbe  so  merciful  tovv^ards  me,  as  once  more  before  I  dye,  to 
vouchsafe  me  the  sight  of  your  countenance,  wherein,  I  speak  vnfainedly, 
I  shall  enioye  as  muche  happines  as  in  any  other  thing  I  can  imagine 
in  this  worlde.  At  my  first  coming  hither  the  solitary  vncouthnes  of 
this  place,  compared  w*""  those  partes  of  Christendome  or  Turky  where 
I  had  bene;  and  likewise  my  being  sequestred  from  all  occurrents  and 
passages  w"^  are  so  rife  there,  did  not  a  little  vexe  me.  And  yet  m  these 
fiue  moneths  of  my  continuance  here,  there  haue  come  at  one  time  or 
another  eleuen  saile  of  ships  into  this  riuer,  but  fraighted  more  w*''  igno- 
rance, then  w**"  any  other  marchandize.  At  length  being  hardned  to  this 
custome  of  abstinence  from  curiosity,  I  am  resolued  wholly  to  minde 
my  busines  here,  and  nexte  after  my  penne,  to  haue  some  good  book 
alwayes  in  store,  being  in  solitude  the  best  and  choicest  company.  Besides 
among  these  Christall  riuers,  &  odoriferous  woods  I  doe  escape  muche 
expense,  envye,  contempte,  vanity,  and  vexation  of  minde.  Yet  Good  my 
lorde,  haue  a  httle  compassion  upon  me,  and  be  pleased  to  sende  me, 
what  pampletts  and  relations  of  the  Interim  since  I  was  w*^  you,  as  yo' 
loP  shall  thinke  good,  directing  the  same  (if  you  please)  in  a  boxe  to  M' 
Ralfe  Yeardley  Apothecary  (brother  to  Sir  George  Yeardley  our  gouer- 
nour)  dwelling  at  the  signe  of  the  Hartychoke  in  great  Woodstreet,  to  be 
sente  to  me  by  the  first,  together  w*"  his  brothers  thinges.  This  pacquett 
I  deliuered  to  one  Marmaduke  Rayner,  an  Englishman,  who  goes  inter- 
tained  as  Pilott  in  this  Flemishe  man  of  warre.  If  he  come  to  yo""  lo^,  as 
he  hathe  promised,  he  wilbe  the  fittest  messenger.  All  possible  happines 
I  wishe  to  yo""  lo^,  and  to  my  most  honoured  lady;  and  though  remote  in 
place,  yet  neare  in  affection,  doe  reste 

Yo'  loP^  euer  most  humbly  at  yo'  comaunde 

lo:  PORY 
lames  citty  in  Virginia  Sept  .30.  1619. 

OCTOBER  4,  1619  223 

LXXXIIL   Gabriel  Barbor.    A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys 

October  2,  1619 

Ferrar  Papers 

Document  in  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge  University.     Autograph  Letter,  Signed 

List  of  Records  No.  134 

S"  I  vnderstand  by  yo""  Ires,  yo'  careful!  plotting  for  Virginia;  m""  ffarrar 
shall  rec:  &  yo"^  also,  his  100",  &  yo''  300"  at  yo'  time  appomted.  &  by  the 
beginmge  of  ffebruarye  next  (if  God  pmitt)  yo""  shall  not  fayle  to  rec: 
2500"  w^'^out  any  greate  hindrance  of  the  comonn  stock,  I  suppose  I 
shall  pay  itt  sooner  be  cause  I  would  haue  yo"'  haue  the  substance  to 
incorage  yo"^  to  continew  yo'  rasalucon  herein;  &  if  yo''  piect^  require 
1000"  more,  I  humblye  desire  yo''  to  take  vay  pmise  therfor  of  w'^''  (if 
God  will)  yo"'  shall  not  fayle  of  in  March  next:  my  bussinesses  doth  psper 
exceedinglye  in  these  westerne  part^,  where  (I  thinke)  twill  houlde  till 
Christide;  I  pceaue  smale  Townes  &  greate  markettC,  doth  exceed  the  best 
Citties,  &  might  deserue  a  new  surveay  through  England  &  yett  not 
retourne  twice  to  any,  when  I  shall  heare  the  Courts  resolucon  I  shalbe 
right  glad  to  be  obedient  &  will  eu9  be  to  yo""  &  yo"  a  moste  faithfull 
frend  &  S^uant 
Exeter  2  Oct:  1619.  Gabr.  Barbor 

[Indorsed  by  Sir  Edwin  Sandys:]  M'  Gabr:  Barbor  to  S'  Edw:  Sandis 
Northb:  in  Kent 

[Addressed:]  To  my  Hon"'"  friend  S'  Edwin  Sandis  Knight  at  Northborn 
in  Kent  M  Hast. 

LXXXIV.  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.    A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar 

October  4,  1619 

Ferrar  Papers 

Document  in  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge  University.     Autograph  Letter,  Signed 

List  of  Records  No.  135 

S""  I  am  put  in  good  hope  that  y"  wilbe  here  this  week:  w""^  hope  I  trust 
y"*  will  not  suffer  to  faile  me:  &  beleeve  it  there  can  be  no  man  more 
welcom  to  me.     I  send  y"  here  my  answer  to  S""  T.  Wolstenholms  motion, 


to  be  entered  in  the  Coort  booke.     But  reserve  it  to  the  last:  for  it  wilbe 
scanned  by  the  evill  eye.     The  Coort  w'^'^  y"  keep,  shall  have  no  reading 
of  anie  former  Coort:  reserve  that  till  my  self  come.     So  in  hast,  w''' 
hartiest  commendacions,  I  rest  in  expectance  of  y". 
Y°"  most  assured 

Edwin  Sandys 
Northborn  4.  Octobr:  1619. 

[Indorsed  by  John  Ferrar:]  from  S'  Ed.  Sand^  dated  4  October  1619  to 
John  Ferrar 

[Addressed  by  himself:]  To  my  very  worthy  Friend  M'  John  Ferrar 
Deputy  of  the  Company  for  Virginia. 

LXXXV.  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.    A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar 

October  18,  1619 

Ferrar  Papers 

Document  in  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge 

List  of  Records  No.  136 

S':  I  accounted  my  self  much  beholden  to  y"  for  y"'  so  kynd  visitation  of 
me  at  Northborn.  Y"'  courteous  acceptance  of  so  ordinarie  entertein- 
ment,  (for  y"  were  my  frend  &  familiar)  dooth  double  y°''  deserts.  And  y" 
have  trebled  them  by  the  iournie  y"  have  made  for  me  to  Sion.  For  all  w'='' 
I  return  y"  threefold  thankes  &  affection:  w"''  shalbe  redie  to  expresse  it 
self  really  on  y"""  service,  upon  all  fit  occasions.  I  pray  y"  not  to  faile  to 
keep  y°''  Coort  on  wendsday.  Y"  may  please  (if  y"  see  the  Companie  fit 
&  in  tune)  to  acquaint  them  that  I  am  not  idle  ui  their  busines,  w'=''  at  the 
Coort  my  self  will  make  knowne  unto  them.  If  y"  fynd  anie  crosse  pro- 
ceedings, make  a  motion  to  have  them  referred  to  the  quarter  Coort  ap- 
proaching. Let  them  knowe  there  are  no  generall  letters  to  the  Company 
come  to  my  hands.  Those  to  the  CounseU  I  have  a  good  while  since 
caused  to  be  presented  to  them:  but  they  contein  no  matters  of  speedie 
consultation.  That  w'^^'  dooth  concern  the  Companie,  shalbe  brought  to 
them  in  fit  tjrme.  If  wrong  be  offered,  y"  may  moove  those  of  the  Counceil 
w'^''  are  not  factious,  to  goe  from  the  Coort,  &  y"""  self  goe  w**"  them,  rather 
then  the  publick  good  or  Justice  should  be  oppressed  by  faction.  But  I 
hope  there  wilbe  no  such  proceeding. 

OCTOBER  18,  1619  225 

I  send  y"  here  two  letters  from  m''  Barbor  for  y"'  comfort.  But  keep  the 
contents  very  secret  to  y""'  self.  There  y"  fynd  my  care  in  100'  to  be  paid 
to  y".  The  300'  for  me  (beeing  of  his  own  monie)  is  to  supplie  for  a  few 
weeks  till  my  owne  receipts  come  in.  For  I  will  make  bold  (seeing  it  wilbe 
this  day  fortnight  when  I  set  out  from  here)  to  put  into  y°*"  hands  my 
paiment  of  500'  to  the  East  Indi  Companie  at  their  day,  the  29th  of  this 
instant.  And  for  the  other  200'  will  take  the  best  order  that  in  absence 
I  can.  For  I  am  exceeding  loath  to  faile  of  one  hower  of  my  due  tyme: 
w"''  I  knowe  wilbe  marked.  Therefore  make  also  this  addition  to  y""" 
kyndnes  towards  me:  I  meane  y"""  care  of  this  paiment.  If  the  2.  y"  write 
of  will  goe  in  person  to  Virginia,  for  my  part  I  shalbe  be  readie  to  farther 
it:  providing  fit  conditions  for  o""  frend  who  is  there.  But  hereof  more 
fully  at  the  meeting,  now  in  hast  I  must  end.  All  here  hartily  salute  y". 
Gods  protection  be  w"*  y".  So  prayeth 
Y°''  most  assured  frend 

Edwin  Sandys. 
S*Luke:  1619 
Remember  my  desire  to  S'  W.  C. 

[Addressed:]  To  my  very  worthy  Friend  M""  John  Farrar 
Deputy  to  the  Company  of  Virginia 


LXXXVI.  Council  in  Virginia.  "The  putting  out  of  the  Tenant^ 
that  came  ouer  in  the  b.  n.  w'^^  other  orders  of  the 

November  11,  1619 

Ferrar  Papers 

Document  in  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge  University 

List  of  Records  No.  138 

James  Citty  Nouemb'  11*^  1619: 

By  the  gouernor  &  Counsell: 

Aboard  the  Bona  As  Conceminge  the  Company  of  a  hmidred  new  men  sent  hither  in  the 
ihi'ppedeoobuS-^^^^  Noua  to  become  Tennant^  vpon  the  Companies  land  and  the  Col- 
eiis  of  English  ledge  land  fifty  vnder  the  Comand  of  Captaine  weldinge  and  thother 
meaie  wherof  36gf|y  ^^  j^g  Comanded  by  Lieutennant  whiteaker  because  ther  provision 
Smiths  hundred  of  victualles  beinge  but  544  bushellt'  of  English  meale  at  y^  moderatte 
and  20  busiieUs  to  allowance  of  two  poundc  of  meale  a  day  to  a  man  would  not  last  them 
Sti Jn  "sTe  there  ^^ove  5  Monthes  and  14  dayes,  and  for  asmuch  as  wee  find  by  experience, 
remayned  to  the  that  were  abundaunce  of  new  men  are  planted  in  one  body  they  doe 
2  Companys  of  Qygj.^jjj.Q^yg  themselues  either  by  Contagion  of  sicknes  or  by  the  mother 
Lieve-whitakers-^iid  Cause  thereof,  ill  example  of  Idlenes,  moreouer  because  diuers  of 
544  busheK  o^eiy  those  new  men  Cominge  heither  in  tyme  of  winter  might  miscarry  by 

witness  the 

witness  the  Capejyj^gg  ^  ^^iQ  woodc  before  such  time  as  Conveniente  howses  Could  be 
erected  for  the  harbouringe  of  them  all,  and  lastly  seeinge  that  most  of 
these  new  men  beinge  put  forth  into  the  service  of  old  planters,  might 
not  onely  be  p^'sently  howsed  and  prouided  of  necesaries  but  be  trayned 
vp  also  in  all  the  vsuall  workes  of  the  Country,  and  be  well  Seasoned  for 
the  pubiqve  service  against  another  yeare. 

It  was  thought  expedient  by  the  gouernor  and  Counsell  to  aduise  the  said 
two  gentlemen  to  rent  out  the  greatest  part  of  ther  people  to  some  honest 
and  sufficent  men  of  the  Colonie  tell  Cristmas  Come  twelue  month  for 
iij  barrelli?  of  Indian  Corne  and  55^  waight  of  tobacc"  a  man  wch  might 
abundantlie  serve  them  for  victuall^  and  Apparrell  for  the  yeare  next 
ensuinge  the  expiracon  of  ther  time  when  as  they  should  returne  to  the 
publique  busines  and  be  able  to  instructe  other  new  Commers  as  they 
themselues  had  bine  instructed: 

NOVEMBER  11,  1619  227 

If  any  of  them  should  Chaunce  to  dye  in  the  meane  time  the  renters  are 
to  pay  proportionably  for  their  life  time  yf  any  doe  fall  sicke  the  renters 
are  to  stand  to  the  hazard  and  at  the  terme  of  their  service  a  steward  is 
to  be  apoynted  to  fee  appointed  to  receiue  ther  Annuity: 

Lieftenant  Bartlett  is  to  take  to  ferme  till  Cristmas  Come  twelue  month 
eleuen  of  the  Companyes  men  the  remayner  of  fifteene  that  Came  wth 
Capt  Lawne  in  the  marygold  to  Apparell  and  arme  them  and  att  the  end 
of  that  terme  to  alowe  55^  wayght  of  tobacc°  and  three  barrellc  of  Corne 
to  each  man: 

Question  beinge  mad  of  the  danger  of  his  seate  beinge  far  from  any  other 
EngHshe  Plantacon  in  the  bottom  of  the  bay  Warrestogack  he  said  he 
was  Confident  to  make  the  place  good  against  the  Indians  beinge  a  necke 
land  and  defended  by  his  howse  especially  seeinge  Lieftennant  Basse 
and  Ensigne  washer  are  to  ioyne  wth  hime  who  together  wth  his  Com- 
panies will  make  vp  a  party  of  thirtye  men: 

He  is  to  haue  lent  hime  the  Crope  newe  reaped  of  the  ground  beinge  34 
barrell^  of  eares  and  to  repaye  yt  the  next  Crop. 

yt  is  thought  most  Convenient  to  seat  Captaine  weldinge  wth  his  remayin- 
der  at  Harrowatox  in  Consortship  with  Captaine  Mathewes,  both  for  his 
ease  in  buildinge  ther  beinge  two  howes  allready  builte  to  his  hand  and 
for  his  securitye  against  Indians  tell  he  haue  better  strenthe  and  meanes 
to  seatt  vpon  the  Colledge  land  for  w"^  purpose  he  went  to  the  same  place 
wth  Captaine  Mathewes  on  Tewesday  Night  Nouemb  15:  1619: 

Lieftenant  whitakers  Nouember  16*^  went  w*''  his  remainder  to  seat 
himselfe  vpon  the  Companies  land  some  fower  milles  from  James  Citty 
westward  towards  the  mouthe  of  the  Chickahominie  riuer: 

The  Inhabitants  of  Kequohtan  the  bounds  of  the  Comon  Lande  not- 
wthstandinge  are  permitted  to  Continew  vpon  the  seates  wher  they  now 
are  till  they  haue  out  of  the  same  seates  mad  them  selues  sufficient  recom- 
pense for  buildinge  the  howses  and  Clearinge  the  Iftftd  grounde.  and  are 
to  Choose  ther  divident  alonge  the  banke  of  the  great  riuer  betweene 
Kequohtan  and  Newport^  Newes: 


Att  the  same  Consultation  Nouembr  IV^  the  gouernor  demanded  the 
opuiion  of  the  Counsell  concerninge  a  piect  revealed  vnto  him  by  Neue- 
mettanan  an  Indian  Comonly  Called  by  the  name  of  Englishe  Jacke  w**" 
the  fethers  at  Charles  hundredth  y^  25'^  of  October:  as  from  the  parte  of 
Opachancamo  who  by  the  mouthe  of  the  same  Indian  reqvired  from  the 
governor  some  8  or  tenn  Engleshe  w*^  ther  Armes  to  assiste  hime  in  battell 
against  a  people  dwelinge  about  a  dales  Jornye  beyond  the  ffalk  Called 
Massituppamohtnock  to  bee  revenged  of  hime  for  murtheringe  c^taine 
woemen  of  his  Contrary  to  y^  law  of  Nations,  offeringe  to  furneshe  our 
people  wth  Indyan  shooes  to  march  and  to  Carry  thire  Armor  for  them 
tell  they  should  haue  occatyon  to  vse  y*  as  lickwise  to  share  all  the  booty 
of  male  and  female  Children:  of  Corne  and  other  thingC  and  to  devide  the 
Conqvered  land  into  two  eqvall  part^  betweene  vs  and  them: 

This  piect  those  of  the  Councell  embraced  because  they  found  the  warre 
to  be  lawfuU  and  well  grounded  the  ayd  reqvired  to  be  verye  small  and 
not  of  Consequence  enough  for  Opachancano  to  put  any  trecherous  dis- 
aster vpon,  this  y°  onely  way  to  obliege  Opachancano  who  ever  smce  S"' 
george  yeardlies  §cominge§  in  hath  stood  aloofe  vpon  termes  of  dout  and 
Jealousy  and  would  not  be  drawne  to  any  treaty  at  all  notwthstanding 
all  the  Arte  and  endeauor  the  gouernor  could  vse,  the  Children  taken  in 
ther  warre  might  in  time  serue  as  well  for  priuatt  vses  of  pitular  psons  as 
to  furnishe  y''  intended  Collidge  this  beinge  a  fayer  opptunitye  for  the 
Aduancment  of  this  blessed  worke  seinge  those  Indians  are  in  noe  sort 
wiUinge  to  sell  or  by  fayer  meanes  to  part  wth  their  Children,  lastly  this 
Cworse  at  least  for  y^  plsent  might  wine  amity  and  Confidence  from 
Jtoyatin  the  great  Kinge  from  Opachancano  his  brother  and  lickwisse  from 
their  subiect^  of  these  thre  riuer^  of  Ronoake  Powsatan  and  Pamunky: 

By  the  Gouernor  and  Counsell  at  James  Citty  Nouemb'  12*''  1619: 

Wheras  accordinge  to  a  law  enacted  in  the  generaU  Assembly  fower  Tasters 
were  to  be  Chosen  for  settinge  Downe  the  prices  of  tobacc":  It  is  thought 
fitt  by  the  gouenore  and  Counsell  that  these  fower  vizt  Ensigne  wm 
Spencer:  John  Boys  gent*  John  Jefferson  gen*  and  John  Tooke  M^^  mate 
of  the  george  should  be  appointed  for  that  purpose,  who  for  discharge  of 
the  same  duty  tooke  this  Oath  ffollowinge: 

NOVEMBER  12,  1619  229 

You  shall  at  all  times  accordinge  to  your  taste  and  accordinge  to  your 
Judgment  and  Conscience  make  report  of  the  true  value  and  price  of 
Tobacc°  whether  at  three  Shilling^  or  eyghten  pence  or  vnder,  soe  helpe 
you  god  &c.: 

This  day  the  Gouernor  and  Counsell  found  out  a  Convenient  seat  for 
Lief tennante  Whitaker  vpon  the  Companyes  land^ : 

[Indorsed  by  Nicholas   Ferrar:]   The  putting  out  of  the  Tenants  that 
came  ouer  in  the  B.  N.  w**"  other  orders  of  the  Councell.     1619. 
[Marginal  notes  by  Nicholas  Ferrar.] 

LXXXVIL   Governor  and  Council  in  Virginia.     An  Order 
November  12,  1619 

Ferrar  Papers 

Document  in  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge  University 

List  of  Records  No.  139 

By  the  Gouernor  and  Counselle  at  James  Citty  Novembr:  12'*'  1619: 

wheras  accordinge  to  a  law  enacted  in  the  generall  Assembly  fouer 
Tasters  were  to  be  choson  for  settinge  downe  the  prices  of  tobacc":  It  is 
thought  fitt  by  the  gouernore  and  Counsell  that  these  fouer  Vizt  Ensigne 
wm  Spencer:  lohn  Boys  gentl  lohn  lefferson  gentl  and  lohn  Tooke 
M^^  mate  of  the  george  should  be  appointed  for  that  purpose,  who  for 
discharge  of  the  same  duty  tooke  this  oath  ffollowinge: 

You  shall  at  all  times  accordinge  to  your  taste  and  accordinge  to  your 
ludgment  and  Conscience  make  report  of  the  true  value  and  price  of 
Tobacc°  whether  att  three  shillings  or  eyghten  pence,  or  under,  soe  helpe 
you  god  Ect: 

This  day  the  Gouerner  and  Counsell  found  out  a  Convenient  seat  for 
Leftennant  Whitaker  upon  the  Companyes  landes: 



LXXXVIII.  Sir  George  Yardley.     A  Certificate  with  Regard  to 

THE  Arrival  of  the  "Margaret"  in  Virginia^ 

December  4,  1619 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  Smyth,  3  (18),  Page  97 

Document  in  New  York  Pubhc  Library 

List  of  Records  No.  140 

[97]   To  the  Treasorer  Counsell  and  company  of  Adventurers  and  plant- 
ers of  the  City  of  London  for  the  first  Collony  in  Virginia 

Theis  are  to  certify  That  in  the  good  ship  of  Bristoll  called  the  Margaret 
this  plsent  iiij*^  day  of  December  1619.  arryved  in  this  port  of  lames 
To^Tio  City  for  plantacon  here  in  Virginia  at  the  charges  of  S""  Wiltm 
Throkm9ton  loiight  and  Baronet  Richard  Berkley  George  Thorpe  and 
lohn  Smyth  Esquiers  vnder  the  conduct  of  John  Woodleefe  Escb  ^^eis 
thirty  and  five  psons  all  in  safety  and  pfect  health  whose  names  ensue. 

Toby  ffelgate  gent 
fferdinando  Yate  gent 
lohn  Blanchard  gent 
Henry  Pearse  gent 
Richard  Godfry 
Thomas  Coopy 
Rowland  Painter 
lohn  Cole 
Humphry  Osborne 
Humphry  Plant 
Thomas  Davis 
Xfopher  Nelme 
Richard  Sherife  thelder 
Richard  Sherife  the  younger 
Edward  Paynter 
Charles  Coyfe 
lames  Clay 
WiHm  Clement 

This  certificate  I  affirme  to  be  true 
Charles  City,  December  14*^.  1619. 

Samuell  Coopy 
Wittm  Cole 
Thomas  Pearse 
Thomas  Denton 
Xfopher  Burton 
Wittm  Parker 
lohn  Hurd 
WitTm  Patche 
Thomas  Patche 
Thomas  Sanford 
Wiltm  Stone 
John  lones 
Stephen  Torphet 
Thomas  Molton 
John  Taylor 
Walter  Hampton 
Thomas  Thorpe  - 


Geo.  Yardley 

Iohn  Porey  secretary 

Documents,  ante,  Nos.  LXVI  and  LXXVIII. 

1630  (?)  231 

LXXXIX.  Adventueers  and  Planters.     Copt  of  a  Petition  to  the 


1620  (?) 

Manchester  Papers,  No.  247 

Document  in  Public  Record  Office,  London 

List  of  Records  No.  142 

To  y«  Right  Hon^'",  the  Lo*^"  and  the  rest  of  y^  Counsayle  and  bodye 
poUitique  for  y^  state  of  his  Ma*'''^  Collonye  in  Virginia 

The  humble  peticion  of  many  of  y®  first  personall  Aduenturers,  &  Planters, 

willing  &  ready  to  |)!pare  themselues,  with  Familyes  thither  agayne,  The  names  here- 
vpon  due  consideracion  following.  vnder  subscribed 

of  the  Peticioners, 
Itlgni    lion  Peticion    in     the 

and  y^  rest  of  this  Hon^'^  Court:    We  doubt  nothing,  but  you  allowe behaife  of  them- 
itt,  an  approued  truithe,  that  Great  Actions  are  carryed  w*''  best  sue- ^^J^"^^^^^  ^""^  ^'^'^y^ 
cesse  by  such  Comanders,   who   haue  psonall  Aucthoritye  &  greatness  S' Tho:  Gates 
answerable  to  y®  Action;  Sithence  itt  is  nott  easye  to  swaye  a  vulgar Capt^:  Frances 
and  scrui  seruile  Nature,  by  vulgar  &  seruile  Spiritts;  and  surely  in  y^capt9^-  Samueii 
raising  of  soe  happye  a  State,  as  is  hoped  in  y^  Plantacion  of  Virginia,  all    Argaii 
cannott  be  select,  but  some  such  whom  only  Reuerence  of  y^  Comanders ^^p*^"  Dameii 
Eminence,  or  Nobilhtye  (wherunto  by  Nature  euerye  man  subordinate  is  Doct9:  Lawence 
ready  to  yeild  a  willing  submission  w'^owt  contempt,  or  repyning)  may    Bohun 
easely  fee  pswade  under  those  dutyes  of  Obedience:  which  Aucthoritye   ^^eathiand     ^' 
conferrd  vpon  a  meane  man,  and  of  one  no  bettar,  then  selected  owt  ofcapt9:   Rogier 
their  owne  Ranke,  shall  neuar  be  able  to  compell:  ,  Smyth 

James  Swifte  En- 

We  vrge  not  this  as  willing  to  derogate  from  y°  Gouernor  who  nowe  holds 
y^  Place,  and  hath  succeded  the  thrice  Noble  deseased  Lo:  Lawarr,  whose 
Memorye,  for  this  buissness  be  euar  happye,:  vnto  whom  we  suppose,  if 
another.  Noble  lyke  himselfe  might  haue  risen  vp,  this  buissness  would 
haue  fownd  much  willinger  forwardness,  and  a  great  many  olde  Aduen- 
turers &  Planters,  both  heare  in  England,  would  haue  returned,  togethar 
w*''  manye  neiw  of  Good  Worth  sett  onwards:  and  many  of  y°  Cheife 
there,  who  are  »ew  nowe  readye  to  reuollt  &  looke  hoame,  would  settle 
themselues  with  firmar  Alacritye: 


If  then  itt  may  be  supposed  an  Aduancement  to  y®  Collonye,  to  haue  both 
such  who  haue  suffered  many  yeares  m  y^  Early  dayes  of  y®  buissness 
vnder  his  Lo^p  the  Lo:  Lawarr  to  returne,  and  manye  volluntarye  forces 
to  addresse  them  thithar,  as  allso  to  staye,  and  fixe  such  of  the  bettar  sorte 
as  be  readye  to  come  away,  al  and  all  for  want  of  some  Eminent  Comander: 
We  humbly e  besech  this  Hon'^'^  Cowrt  to  take  into  consideracion  this  owr 
only  Reqwest  (who  otherwyse  fynding  themselues  much  disparagied  and 
wronged  are  resolued  to  abandon,  and  qwitt  the  Countrye,  &  Action  for 
euar)  that  some,  eythar  Noble,  or  little  lesse  in  Honor,  or  Dower  may  be 
maturelye  aduisd  vpon,  to  maintayne  &  hold  vp  y^  dignitye  of  so  Great 
and  good  a  cawse. 

And  herein  this  Hon'''''  Cowrt  shall  encourage  many  neiw,  &  auncient 
volluntarye  Aduenturers,  both  of  Good  place,  and  Qwallitye  to  sett  for- 
ward with  expedition,  both  with  great  supplies  of  men,  and  other  pro- 

[Indorsed:]  Peticon  of  sondry  antient  Aduenturers  to  haue  some  man  of 
Quality e  sent  Gouernor  into  Virginia. 

XC.  Sir  Nathaniel  Rich.  Rough  Notes  for  his  Defense  before 
THE  Council  of  the  Virginia  Company  on  the  Charge  of  having 
altered  an  Order  of  the  Council  ^ 

1620  (?) 

Manchester  Papers,  No.  280 

Document  in  Public  Record  Office,  London 

List  of  Records  No.  144 

I  find  by  the  readinge  of  the  §last§  Court  &  haue  likewise  had  some  infor- 
macon  by  diuerse  then  pnt  that  S""  Edwyn  Sandys  tooke  exception  to  an 
order  of  Counsell  (drawne  vp  indeed  at  his  appointm*  by  my  selfe)  §neither 
is  it  the  ferst  tjnue  that  that  seruice  hath  ben  layd  on  me§  but  §§made  by 
as  many  of  the  Counsell  as  eu9  §to  my  remembrance§  I  knew  together  at 
§any§  one  meetinge  &§§  ratified  &  confirmed  by  the  hand^  of  the  most 
pte  §of  them§  then  pnt.    ¥hie  exception  It  was  deee  §dehuered§  (as  I 

■  Revisions  within  revisions  are  indicated  by§§ §§for  the  original  revision  and§ §for 

the  second  revision.     The  document  is  in  the  hand  of  Sir  Nathaniel  Rich  throughout. 

1620  (?)  233 

heard)  w*''  §more  bitterness  then  it  is  pehd  yet  by  the  very  pefiing  of 
it  it  seemes  he  did  intimate§  some  bitterness  as  though  intimatinge  some 
wrong  §done§  to  the  Companie  by  that  order,  nay  (wherem  I  require 
more  charitie)  it  was  s4  %b  it  was  done  to  some  ill  end. 
§§I  will  fers[^]  giue  yo"  full  satisfacton  in  the  thing  it  self  aftd  though  i 
had  thought  i  h  §&  then  I  will  entreate  yo"  to  giue  me  leaue  to  say  some- 
thing of  the  man9  of  his  proceedinge§  it  is  the  ferst  tyme  that  eu9  in  my 
life  I  was  driuen  to  a  publicke  Apologie,  neither  dee  i  keew  the  §i  hauc 
lab§  but  my  comfort  is  Re«9  I  could  not  doe  it  m  §before§  a  more  noble  & 
Judicious  &  indifferent  Auditorie  blame  me  ftet  the  I  be  ve^y  scnaible 
neither  doe  I  thinke  was  eu9  any  man  of  how  meane  condition  so  eu9 
traduced  vppon  so  slight  an  occasion  §§  ^ 

I  will  depose  that  I  drew  it  vp  w*''  the  as  much  integritie  and  as  ncarc 
§set^§  to  the  meaninge  and  determinacon  of  the  Cotisel  as  to  my  best 
remembrance  I  could  possibhe  doe,  and  tho  I  am  sure  yo"  will  not  a  thinke 
it  a  matter  worthie  blame  either  in  my  selfe  or  any  other  that  shall  doe 
yo"  seruice  in  this  kind,  if  beeing  comanded  to  reduce  tfe  into  writinge 
a§n§  conference  el  i  thinke  i  may  weH  say  3  hourca  at  the  least  to  §det 
answere§  &  determinacon  of  the  Counsel!  consistinge  of  diuerse  pticulars 
I  should  in  some  one  of  them  mistake  in  a  word  or  two,  &  it  w'^'^  vppon  the 
least  intimacon  were  soone  to  be  amended  yet  m  this  j^ticular  for  yo" 
doe  not  therefore  I  am  sure  vse  to  desire  any  of  o'  societie  to  take  paines 
in  any  of  yo"^  busines  to  thend  that  yo"  may  ferritt  out  some  error  whereby 
yo"  may  tax  their  proceeding^  Yet  this  exception  w'=''  is  now  taken  I  must 
either  iustifie  to  be  vniust  or  I  must  betray  §offer  wronge  to§  myne 
owne  knowledge,  &  therefore  for  this  pticular  I  say  &  affirme  it  to  be 
the  as  I  fully  then  conceaued  &  as  still  I  doe  rememb''  no  other  then  what 
was  then  agreed  vppon 

[2]  ¥e"  may  please  te  rememb"'  that  vpon  the  Ib^^  of  Marche  (for  the 
order  leadC  me  directly  to  the  remembrance  of  the  tyme)  there  was  a 
meet  the  Counsell  was  assembled  by  S""  E.  S.  at  M"'  Ferrars  house,  where 
he  proposed  a  letter  drawne  fey  (as  I  take  it)  by  himselfe  §to  be  sent  into 
Virginia!  &  signed  by  2  or  3  of  the  Counsell  his  priuate  ffriendC,  this  letter 
he  p*e  read  to  the  Counsell  then  pnt  to  be  by  them  allowed  &  signd.    A 

»  This  paragraph  was  written  on  the  opposite  side  of  the  paper,  its  place  on  the  first  folio 
being  denoted  by  an  asterisk. 
*  Sic;  probably  for  "stet." 


the  dispatche  of  some  businesses  Cap*  Argoll  preferrd  to  peticon  §to§  th' 
effect  menconed  in  the  order,  and  after  serious  debate  &  consideracon 
of  the  ptes  of  it  we  grew  w**"  one  consent  as  I  take  it  to  the  conclusions  sett 
downe.  ^  Hauing  e©  p  It  was  desired  that  M*  Thrcasurcr  thos  conclusions 
might  be  reduced  into  writing  both  to  s  give  Capt:  Argoll  satisfaccon  & 
to  iustifie  the  equitie  of  o"'  proceeding^  w*^  him.  But  much  tyme  being 
then  spent  &  §&  the  Court  attend[w]g  ¥9  o'  coming  forth§  it  could  not  be 
then  done  sedente  Curia,  the  Secretaris*  was  appointed  to  attend  M'' 
Threas9  for  order  to  drawe  it  he  sendC  him  to  me,  who  tho  I  was  vnwilling 
to  meddle  w**"  it,  yet  at  hauing  neu9  refused  (how  vnsufficient  soeu9)  to 
pforme  by  best  seru[z]ce  in  any  thing  layd  vpon  me  &  for  that  as  I  con- 
ceaued  it  ten[(i]ed  much  to  aduance  the  reputation  of  o''  Just  proceeding^ 
I  di[d]  not  refuse,  I  drew  it  up  and  I  will  depose  w'^  as  much  integritie  to 
as  neare  to  the  true  meaning  of  the  Counsell  as  I  could  possibhe,  but  I 
fefto  am  not  so  vayne  as  to  think  that  in  so  many  pticulars  I  might  not 
mistake,  what  did  I  before  I  would  send  it  to  the  Secretary  to  be  engroced 
I  sent  it  to  diuerse  pe[rsons]  [3]  &  to  most  of  the  gentlemen  then  pnt  & 
to  intrcatc  «ie»  ^^^^  o^  ^^  ^o  S'  E.  S.  him  selfe  fey  §I§  te«ld  §prayed§  Cap*  Argoll  §who 
attended  as  he  sayes  twice  w^hal  but  if  he  were  at  home  yet  not  to  be 
spoken§  intreating  them  that  if  they  pceaued  I  had  in  any  thing  mistaken 
they  would  alter  it:  if  it  were  acc^  to  their  meaning  that  they  would  sett 
their  handC  to  it:  Many  of  them  Then  The  feet  greater  nomber  then  pnt 
agreeing  it  to  be  the  of  acc*^  to  their  meaning  I  sent  it  to  the  Secretary 
from  tha^  da  §this  is  aboue  a  qr  of  a  year  ago§  since  w^h  tyme  I  neu9 
heard  any  exceptions  only  one  gentleman  or  two  &  that  long  after  the 
drawing  §of  it§  vp  sd  they  did  not  rememb"  this  pticular  now  excepted 
(that  he  might  choose  any  2  of  the  Cousell  to  examine  his  witnesses  if  &c? 
only  one  gent  sd  so  much  to  me  to  whom  I  answered  I  remembered  it 
very  well. 

So  as  I  hepe  y©«  a#e  ftow  Gatiaficd  would  aske  of  any  man  here  pnt  what  he 
could  doe  more  or  w*  lesse  I  professe  it  is  want  of  iudgm*  in  me  if  I  haue 
not  gone  w%  as  euen  a  foote  as  is  possible  in  this  business. 

Now  for  this  pticular  that  it  was  the  order  of  the  Companie  I  profess  I 
doe  well  rememb""  so  I  doubt  not  but  many  more  doe,  &  §euen§  those  that 

1620  (?)  235 

make  doubt  of  it  when  I  haue  refresh'  their  memory  will  bring  it  to  mynd. 
In  this  business  wii  concernd  the  managing  §process§  of  the  busines 
adding  matter  of  forme  &  lawe,  M''  Recorder  gaue  vs  his  aduise,  his  & 
ftlkftdged  he  §&  I  remember  th'effecfi]  was  that  the  Companie  hauing 
examined  witnesses  ex  pte  it  was  Ius[<]  he  should  doe  so  to,  but  bee  his 
exa9  must  be  taken  in  o''  Court  by  o""  Counsell  who  are  sworne  Judges  he 
should  take  any  2  he  would,  i  ep  my  selfe  it  was  sd  that  we  could  not 
*  *  *e  whether  the  trs  pat  ahould  would  beare  it,  -feheft  on  w^h  point 
we  refered  o""  selues  to  the  trs  pat:  M  he  hath  misled  i  hope  he  himself 
This  opinion  of  his  as  I  tookc  i*  conceaued  tooke  place  nothing  in  the 
wurlde  that  I  can  remb''  being  obiected  against  it  if  Aftd  i  deuM  a©*  fe«% 
So  as  for  the  clearing  of  the  point  that  it  was  the  Counsel!  order  I  doe 
not  only  appeale  to  those  gentle9  pnt  (who  only  bring  matt''  of  fact  ffi«s% 
§are  able  to§  Justifie  it)  but  I  assign  yo"  the  very  pson  who  gaue  the 
aduise  &  if  yo"  please  my  desire  is  that  either  yo""  selues  would  send  to 
hull  to  com  hither  or  write  2  or  3  word<  [4]  to  know  whether  he  doe  not 
rememb'  this  pt  of  the  order  &  further  if  yo"  please  whether  he  himself 
did  not  propose  it 

If  a*iy  thing  ea»  this  be  not  able  to  cleare  a  p?  this    I  know  not  what  is. 

ffor  the  matter  it  self,  whether  it  be  fitt  yea  or  no,  that  will  aske  a  further 
tyme  to  dispute 

Now  this  has  cleared  the  point  I  pray  give  me  leaue  as  one  that  desireth 
w%  my  soule  the  prosperite  of  this  plantacon  to  intreate  yo"  te  once 
againe  to  consider  whether  this  be  a  thing  fitt  or  no  thus  to  traduce  me 
§any  memb'  of  this  soc§  as  uniust  as  iniurious,  w*hout  ferst  priually 
speaking  w%  him 

ife  is  again  We  haue  made  lawes  directly  against  it  long  agoe  this  law 
being  sodainly  infringed  we  saw  not  long  since  w'  cause  there  was  to 
rene"^  it,  it  was  then  conformable  to  the  §ferst§  orders  standing  lawes 
made  w*h  so  much  deliberacon 


XCI.  Rough  Draft  of  a  Proposition  affecting  the  Virginia 
Company  concerning  Captain  Argall 

1620  (?) 

Manchester  Papers,  No.  281 

Document  in  Public  Record  Office,  London 

List  of  Records  No.  145 

ft«b  Willis.'        Before  you  '    tfe  e*  ' 

6  V  u^  Doncaster,  Zouch,  ©afeyey  North 

And  y*  all  Cap.  Argolls  business  may  be  referrd  (the  ship  only  excepted 
Iw"^  no  more^  [to  be]  spoke  of§  to  my  L:  Zouch  my  L:  of  London,  and 
M'"  Recorder 

In  the  prosequution  whereof:  the  Virginia  Company  shall  choose  one 
Counsellor  of  Cap:  Argoll  another  to  open  the  cause  §at  the  hearing§  to 
thes[e]  Arbitrators.  And  M""  Harbert  and  M'  Kightly  w'=''  are  already 
apointed  by  y''  Court  to  sollicite  y*  business  shall  eftly  alone  and  no  other 
instru[c^]  the  Counsell  §and  attend  at  the  hearmg  of  the  cause§  but  neither 
they  nor  any  other  of  the  Virginia  Companye  nor  any  freind  for  them 
shall  ee  make  meanes  to  y^  Arbitrators,  nor  Cap  Argoll  nor  no  freind  for 
him  on  the  other  syde:  only  Cap.  Argoll  sh  or  w*  infcriou-f  whomsoeuer  he 
shall  choose  (so  he  be  none  of  y°  Virginia  Company)  ffi  shall  instruct  his 
§owne§  Counsell  and  not  aboue  one  more  §and  he  to  be  none  of  y^  Vir- 
ginia Company!  feesyds  of  Cap.  Argolls  syde,  besyds  himself e  and  his 
Counsell  shall  appeare  §or  assist  him§  at  the  hearinge: 
whosooucF  sbfttt  And  whatsoeuer  the  sayd  Arbitrators  shall  conclude 
herein  shall  stand  good  and  tye  all  parties,  And  whosoeuer  shall  trans- 
gress y"  order  of  Court  m  this  kmd  to  be  disfranchised  and  fe  a  record 
to  be  made  against  him  as  a  disturber  of  y^  publick  peace  of  y^  Company. 

The  Virginia  Court  &  Barmuda  Court  shall  not  entermedd[/e]  with  y« 
affayres  or  proceedings  of  each  other  wfer  An  order  in  each  Court  to 
be  made  to  y*  effect  vpon  payne  of  disfranchisem*,  aed  focord  ei  a  p«b 
as  a  publick  disturber  of  y^  peace  &  tranquilitie  of  y*  societie 


2  The  liue  preceding  the  first  line,  and  these  letters  are  shorthand  characters. 

1620  237 

S""  Tho:  Smythes  Accompts  to  be  perfected  within  one  moneth. 

That  all  parties  any  wayes  interessed  in  these  differences  particularly 
my  L.  Sou  my  L.  W.  S^  T.  S.  S^  Ed.  S.  S"-  T.  Ro:  S^  N.  R.  &c  shall  at 
some  Church  m  London  receaue  y^  Comunion  together  in  confirmacon  of 
y"  mutuaU  accords. 

[Indorsed  in  a  later  hand:]  Virginia     Virginia  Papers. 


IN  Virginia" 


C.  0.  1,  Vol.  I,  No.  24  (MSS.) 
Document  in  Public  Record  Office,  London 
Pages  25-28  of  a  printed  book,  Bonoeil,  "Observations  to  be  followed,  for  the  making 
of  fit  roomes,  to  keepe  Silk-wormes  in:    as  also,  for  the  best  manner  of  Planting 
Mulbery  trees  to  feed  them,"  with  the  indorsement  on  the  cover:  "The  Booke 
of  the  Commodities  of  Virginia"  ' 

List  of  Records  No.  151 

A  valuation  oj  the  Commodities  growing  and  to  he  had  in  Virginia:  rated  as  they  are 

there  worth 
Iron  ten  pounds  the  Tunne. 
Silke  Coddes,  two  shillings  sixepence  the  pound. 
Raw  Silke,  tliirteene  shillings  foure  pence  the  pound. 

Silke  grasse  to  be  vsed  for  Cordage,  sixepence  the  pound :  but  we  hope  it  will  serue 
for  many  better  vses,  and  so  yeeld  a  farre  greater  rate,  whereof  there  can  neuer  bee 
too  much  planted. 

Hempe,  from  ten  shillings,  to  two  and  twenty  shillings  the  hundred. 
Flaxe,  from  twenty  shillings  to  thirty  shillings  the  hundred. 
Cordage,  from  twenty  shillings,  to  foure  and  twenty  shiUings  the  hundred. 
Cotton  wooll,  eyght  pence  the  pound. 
Hard  Pitch,  sixe  shillings  the  hundred. 
Tarre,  fine  shillings  the  hundred. 
Turpentine,  twelue  shillings  the  hundred. 
Rozen,  hue  shillings  the  hundred. 

Madder  Crop,  forty  shillings  the  hundred,  course  Madder,  hue  and  twenty  shillings 
the  hundred. 
Woad,  from  twelue  shillings,  to  twenty  the  hundred. 

■  See  also  List  of  Records,  Nos.  150  and  347. 
12S2— 33 17 


Annis-seeds,  forty  shillings  the  hundred 

Powder  Sugar,  Panels,  Muscauadocs  and  Whites,  fiue  and  twenty  shillings,  forty, 

and  three  pounds  the  hundred. 

Sturgeon,  and  Cauiare,  as  it  is  in  goodnesse. 

Salt,  thirty  shillings  the  weigh. 

Masticke,  three  sliillings  the  pound. 

Salsa  Perilla,  wild,  fiue  pounds  the  hundred. 

Salsa  Perilla  domestick,  ten  pounds  the  hundred. 

Eed  earth  Alienagra,  three  shillings  the  hundred. 

Red  Allum,  called  Carthagena  AUum,  ten  shilUngs  the  hundred. 

Roach  Allum,  called  Romish  Allum,  ten  shillings  the  hundred. 

Berry  graine,  two  shillings  sixe  pence  the  pound:  the  powder  of  graine,  nine  shillings 

the  pound:  it  groweth  on  trees  like  Holly  berries. 

Masts  for  Shipping,  from  ten  shilhngs,  to  three  pounds  a  piece. 

Pot-ashes,  from  twelve  shillings  the  hundred,  to  foureteene. 

Sope-ashes,  from  sixe  shillings,  to  ej^ght  shillings  the  hundred. 

Clapboord  watered,  thirty  shillings  the  hundred. 

Pipe  staues,  foure  pounds  the  thousand. 

Rape-seede  oyle,  ten  pounds  the  tunne,  the  cakes  of  it  feed  Kine  fat  in  the  winter. 

Oyle  of  Walnuts,  twelue  pounds  the  tunne. 

Lin-seede  oyle,  ten  pounds  the  tunne. 

Saffron,  twenty  shillings  the  pound. 

Honey,  two  shillings  the  gallon. 

Waxe,  foure  pounds  the  hundred. 

Shomack,  seuen  shillings  the  hundred,  whereof  great  plenty  in  Virginia,  and  good 
quantity  will  be  vented  in  England. 

Fustick  young,  eyght  shillings  the  hundred. 
Fustick  old,  sLxe  shillings  the  hundred,  according  to  the  sample. 
Sweete  Gums,  Roots,  Woods,  Berries  for  dies  and  Drugs,  send  of  all  sorts  as  much 
as  you  can,  euery  sort  by  it  selfe,  there  being  great  quantities  of  those  things  in 
Virginia,  which  after  proofe  made,  may  be  heere  valued  to  their  worth.  And  par- 
ticularly, v/e  haue  great  hope  of  the  Pocoone  roote,  that  it  will  proue  better  than 

Sables,  from  eyght  shillings  the  paire,  to  twenty  shillings  a  paire. 
Otters  skins,  from  three  shillings,  to  fiue  shillings  a  piece. 
Luzernes,  from  two  shillings,  to  ten  a  piece. 
Martins  the  best,  foure  shillings  a  piece. 
Wild  Cats,  eyghteene  pence  a  piece. 
Foxe  skins,  sixe  pence  a  piece. 

Muske  Rats  skins,  two  shillings  a  doozen:  the  cods  of  them  will  serue  for  good 

1620  239 

Beuer  skins   that  are  full  growne,  in  season,   are  worth  seuen  shillings  a  piece. 

Beuer    skins,    not    in    season,    to    allow    two    skins    for    one,    and   of   the   lesser, 

three  for  one. 

Old  Beuer  skins  in  Mantles,  gloues  or  caps,  the  more  worne,  the  better,  so  they  bee 

full  of  furre,  the  pound  waight  is  sixe  shillings. 

The  new  Beuer  skins,  are  not  to  be  bought  by  the  pound,  because  they  are  thicke  and 

heauy  leather,  and  not  so  good  for  vse  as  the  old. 

Pearles  of  all  sorts  that  you  can  finde:  Ambergreece  as  much  as  you  can  get:  Cristall 

rocke:  Send  as  much  as  you  can,  and  any  sort  of  Minerall  stones,  or  earth  that 

weighs  very  heauy. 

Preserue  the  Walnut  trees  to  make  oyle  of,  and  cut  them  not  downe:  so  also  preserue 

your  Mulberry  and  Chesnut  trees  very  carefully. 

In  the  monethe  of  lune,  bore  holes  in  diuers  sorts  of  Trees,  whereby  you  shall  see 

what  gums  they  yeeld,  and  let  them  be  well  dried  in  the  Sunne  euery  day,  and  send 

them  home  in  very  dry  Caske. 

[Indorsed,  in  pencil:]  Virginia  Jas  I  ab*  1610? 

XCIII.  Virginia  Company.     "A  Note  of  the  Shipping,  Men,  and  Pro- 
visions,  SENT  AND   PROUIDED   FOR  ViRGINIa" 


(1)  Printed  Broadsides,  James  I,  No.  180.     (2)  Manchester  Papers,  No.  291.  Printed 
Document  in  (1)  Society  of  Antiquaries,  London.     (2)  Public  Record  Office, 

List  of  Records  No.  152 

A  Note  of  the  Shipping,  Men,  and  Provisions,  sent  and  Prouided  for 
Virginia,  by  the  Right  Honorable,  the  Earle  of  Sovthampton,  and 
the  Company,  this  yeare,  1620  ^ 

Ships  and  People,  etc. 

The  Bona  Nona  of  200.  Tunnes,  sent  in  August  1620.  with 120.  persons. 

The  Elizabeth  of  40.  Tunes,  sent  in  August  1620.  with 20.  persons. 

The  May-Flower  of  140.  Tuns,  sent  in  August  1620.  with 100.  persons. 

The  Supphe  of  Bristow,  of  80.  Tunnes,  sent  in  September  1620.  with..  45.  persons. 
The  Margaret  and  John,  of  150.  Tunnes,  sent  in  December  1620.  with_  85.  persons. 
The  Abigail,  of  350  Tunnes,  sent  in  February  1620.  with 230.  persons. 

600.  Persons. 

'  This  leaflet  is  bound  into  a  very  thick  and  wide  folio  volume  of  pamplilets.    It  is  a  small 
quarto  of  3  pages. 


In  two  Shippes  out  of  Ireland  there  are  going  one  hundred  Kine  of  1     , . .    -f^. 
7--     7-  II,       J                                       &      &  100.  Kine 

English  breede > 

There  are  now  prouiding  seuerall  Shippes  to  transport  the  Gouer- | 

nour,  Treasurer,  and  Marshall  of  Virginia,  with  their  Compa-  I  p 

nies,  together  with  other  priuate  Plantations,  to  the  number  of  [  ' 

400.  persons J 

Summe  of  Persons 1000 

There  are  sent,  and  in  sending,  for  publike  vses,  fine  hundred  per-  ] 

sons,  for  the  encrease  of  the  number  of  the  Companies,  Tenants,  [    500.  Persons. 

and  for  maintenance  of  Officers I 

Wherof  besides  the  new  Gouernour,  there  are  six  prin- 
cipal sent  and  chosen. 
To  Master  George  Thorpe  Esquire,  as  Deputie  for  the  College  land,  1       ,^ 

belong  Tenants I 

To  Captaine  Thomas  Nuce,  as  Deputie  for  the  Companies  Land,  I       ^q 

belong  Tenants J 

To  the  place  of  Secretarie  of  State,  Tenants 20. 

To  Doctor  Bohun,  as  Physitian  to  the  Colony,  with  whom  are  also  1      r,,-, 

sent  diners  Appothecaries  and  Surgeons,  belong  Tenants ' 

To  Master  George  Sandys  Esquire,  as  Treasurer  of  Virginia,  Ten-  1       ^q 

ants J 

To  Captaine  William  Nuce,  as  Marshall  of  Virginia,  Tenants 50. 

Men  skilfullfor  setting  vp  Staple  Commodities. 

There  are  three  principall  men  sent  againe  for  Masters  of  the  Iron  works  which  are 
in  some  good  forwardnesse,  and  a  proofe  is  sent  of  Iro7i  there  made. 
Three  sufficient  men  for  perfecting  the  Salt-w ovks:  One  a  French  man  from  Rochell 
which  workes  are  hkewise  there  begun. 

Foure  Dutch-men  from  Hambrough,  to  erect  Sawing-Mills,  and  all  prouisions  neces- 
sary therevnto. 

Eight  French  Vignerons,  procured  from  Languedock,  who  are  very  skilfull  also  in 
breeding  of  (S'i^Are-wornes,  and  making  Silke.  Of  this  Seede  there  is  good  store  gone, 
both  French,  Italian  and  Spanish:  together  with  Instructions  for  prouiding  Com- 
modious housing,  and  orderly  planting  of  Mulbery-Trees.  There  are  also  some 
EngUshmen  sent  that  haue  been  trayned  vp  therein. 

Who  together  with  their  Associates  haue  vndertaken 
to  transport  great  multidues  of  People  and  Cattell. 

JANUARY,  1619120  241 

A  Gift 

Giuen  to  the  vse  of  the  College,  certaine  good  Bookos  of  Diuinitie,  by  an  vnknowne 

Patents  granted  this  yeare. 

To  the  Earle  of  Pemhrooke 
To  Sir  Richard  Worsley 
To  Sir  Richard  Bulkehy. 
To  Sir  William  Mounson. 
To  Captains  William  Nuce, 

Marshall  of  Virginia 
To  Captaine  Raphe  Hamor. 

[Indorsed:]  Supplies  to  Virginia,  in  Anno  1620. 

XCIV.  John  Rolfe.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys 

January  1619/20 

Ferrar  Papers. 
Document  in  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge.    Autograph  Letter,  Signed,  with  Seals 

List  of  Records  No.  154 
Honored  S"" 

Studieng  w'*"  my  self  what  service  I  might  doe  yo"',  as  a  token  of  my 
gratefull  rememberance  for  yo''  many  favo"  and  constant  love  shewed 
me,  aswell  in  my  absence  as  when  I  was  plsent  w*""  yo'""  I  could  not  at 
this  tyme  devise  a  better,  then  to  giue  yo"'  notice  of  some  pticulers 
both  of  o""  plsent  estate,  and  what  happened  since  the  departure  of  the 
Diana.  And  though  I  am  well  assured,  yo'''  wilbe  satisfied  herein  more 
fully  by  o'  Governo"",  yet  I  desire  yo""  kind  acceptance  of  this  my  poore 

Presently  after  the  Diana  hadd  her  dispatch  S'  George  Yeardley  (according 
to  a  Comyssion  directed  vnto  him  and  to  the  Councell  of  State,)  caused 
Burgesses  to  be  chosen  in  all  plac^  who  mett  at  James  City,  where  all 
matters  therein  conteyned  were  debated  by  severall  Comyttees  and 
approved:  and  lykewise  such  other  lawes  enacted,  as  were  held  expedient 
&  requisite  for  the  wellfare  and  peaceable  goverm'  of  this  Comon-weale. 
Captaine  Martines  Burgesses  for  his  Plantacon  were  not  admytted  to 
this  Assembly,  the  reasons  I  am  assured  yo"^  shall  receive  from  o''  Governo'', 
who  sendeth  home  a  report  of  all  those  pceedingC. 


These  principall  men  being  at  James  Citie,  Cap*''"  William  Epps  (who 
commandeth  Smythes  Hundred  Company)  was  arraigned  (as  neere  as 
might  be)  according  to  the  lawdable  Lawes  of  England,  for  killing  one 
Captaine  Edward  Roecroft  ats  Stallenge.  He  came  hether  from  the  North 
Colony  in  a  shipp  of  S'  fferdinando  Gorges  (as  he  sayd)  for  some  necessaries 
w"^  he  wanted;  and  to  coast  along  the  shoare  to  fynd  and  discover  what 
Harbo"  and  riu9s  he  could:  but  through  neglect  of  the  M""  of  the  shipp 
and  others  she  was  forced  a  ground  in  a  storme  neere  Newports  Newes, 
and  there  sprang  so  greate  a  leake,  that  he  could  not  carry  her  back 
againe.  This  myschance  happened  through  vncivill  and  vnmanly  word^ 
vrged  by  Stallenge  (there  being  no  plcedent  mahce)  w*''  w"^  Captaine 
Epps  being  much  moved  did  strike  him  on  the  heade  w*^  a  sword  §in  the§ 
skabberd  a  such  an  vnfortunate  blowe,  that  w*^in  2.  dales  he  died.  The 
Jury  (whereof  Capt  Lawne  was  foreman  a  discreete  and  vnderstanding 
man)  hearing  the  Evidence,  found  him  guilty  of  Manslaughter  by  Chaunce 
meddley.  The  Governo"'  fynding  him  (though  young)  ye*  a  pper  civill 
gent,  and  of  good  hopes,  not  long  after  restored  him  to  his  Command. 

Captaine  Henry  Spelman  being  accused  by  Robte  Poole  (one  of  the  inter- 
preto"  of  the  Indian  language)  of  many  crimes  w'''  might  be  jSliudiciall  to 
the  State  in  generall,  and  to  every  mans  safety  in  pticular,  receiued 
Censure  at  this  generall  Assembly.  But  the  Governo''  hoping  he  might 
redeeme  his  faults  being  §pceeding§  much  of  Childishe  ignorance,  pdoned 
the  punishm*  [1^]  vpon  hope  of  amendm*.  In  triall  whereof  he  was  ym- 
ploied  as  interpreto''  to  Patawamack  to  trade  for  Corne. 
Captaine  Ward  in  his  shipp  went  to  Monahigon  in  the  No:  Colony  in 
May,  and  returned  the  latter  end  of  July,  w*''  fishe  w"''  he  caught  there. 
He  [He]  brought  but  a  smale  quantitie,  by  reason  he  hadd  but  little  salte. 
There  were  some  Plymouth  shipps  where  he  harbored,  who  made  greate 
store  of  fishe,  w"*"  is  farr  larger  then  New-land-fishe. 

The  George  was  sent  by  the  Cape  Marchant  (w*''  the  Governo"  consent) 
to  New-found-land  to  trade  and  buy  fishe  for  the  better  releif  of  the 
Colony  and  to  make  triall  of  that  passage.  One  other  reason  (as  I  take  it) 
was,  for  that  the  Magazin  was  well  stoored  w**"  goodC,  it  was  some  what 
doubtfuU,  wheth^  a  shipp  would  be  sent  to  carry  home  the  cropp  so  sone 
as  the  George  might  vpon  her  returne  back.  She  departed  hence  about 
the  9*''  of  July,  and  arriued  here  againe  about  the  10:  of  Septemb^    She 

JANUARY,  1619120  243 

made  her  passage  to  Newfound-land  in  less  then  3.  weekes,  and  was  at 
the  banck  amongst  the  french  fishermen  in  14.  daies.     She  came  back  + 
hether  againe  in  3.  week^,  w*''  bare  wynd^,  and  brought  so  much  fishe  as 
will  make  a  saving  voyadge,  w'^'^,  beside  the  greate  releif,  giveth  much 
content  to  the  whoU  Colony, 

The  Sturgeon  shipp  and  the  Triall  departed  hence  togeth^  about  the  fine 
of  July.  M'  Pountys  hath  taken  greate  paines  in  fishing,  and  toward 
Michellmas  (the  weather  being  somewhat  temperate)  made  some  good 
sturgeon.  He  hopeth  by  the  spring  to  be  better  fitted,  w*^  Cellars  and 
houses,  and  to  do  some  good  therein. 

The  Cattle  in  the  Triall  came  exceeding  well,  and  gaue  the  Colony  much 
ioy  and  greate  incouragem*.  Both  they  horses  and  Mares  wilbe  very 
vendible  here  a  long  tyme,  the  Colony  increasing  w"'  people  as  of  late. 

About  the  latter  end  of  August,  a  Dutch  man  of  Warr  of  the  burden  of  a 
160  tunes  arriued  at  Point-Comfort,  the  Comando"  name  Capt  Jope,  his 
Pilott  for  the  West  Indies  one  M'^  Marmaduke  an  Englishman.  They  mett 
w*''  the  Trer  in  the  West  Indyes,  and  determyned  to  hold  consort  shipp 
hetherward,  but  in  their  passage  lost  one  the  other.  He  brought  not  any 
thing  but  20.  and  odd  Negroes,  w'^'"  the  Governo''  and  Cape  Marchant 
bought  for  victualk  (whereof  he  was  in  greate  need  as  he  intended)  at  the 
best  and  easy  est  rat^  they  could.  He  hadd  a  lardge  and  ample  Comyssion 
from  his  Excellency  to  range  and  to  take  purchase  in  the  West  Indyes. 

Three  or  4.  daies  after  the  Trer  arriued.  At  his  arriuall  he  sent  word 
p'"sently  to  the  Gou^no''  to  know  his  pleasure,  who  wrote  to  him,  and  did 
request  myself  Leiften'''nte  Peace  and  AP  Ewens  to  goe  downe  to  him,  to 
desyre  [2^]  him  to  come  vp  to  James  Cytie.  But  before  we  gott  downe 
he  hadd  sett  saile  and  was  gone  out  of  the  Bay.  The  occasion  hereof  hap- 
pened by  the  vnfrendly  dealing  of  the  InhitantC  of  Keqnoughton,  for  he 
was  in  greate  want  of  victualK,  wherew**"  they  would  not  releive  him  nor 
his  Company  vpon  any  termes.  He  reported  (whilst  he  staied  at  Keq- 
noughton) that  if  wee  gott  not  some  Ord'nance  planted  at  Point  Comfort, 
the  Colony  would  be  quyte  vndone  and  that  ere  long:  for  that  vndoubtedly 


That  the  Spaun- ^^j^g  Spanyard  would  be  here  the  next  §spring§  wch  he  gathered  (as  was 
there  next  Spring'  sayd)  from  some  Spanyard^  in  y"  West  Indyes.  This  being  spread  abroade 
doth  much  disharten  the  people  ingenerall.  ffor  wee  haue  no  place  of 
strength  to  retreate  vnto,  no  shipping  of  c^teynty  (wch  would  be  to  vs  as 
the  wodden  walles  of  England)  no  sound  and  experienced  souldyers  to 
vndertake,  no  Engineers  and  arthmen  to  erect  workC,  few  Ordenance,  not 
a  serviceable  carriadge  to  mount  them  on;  not  Ainunycon  of  powlder, 
shott  and  leade,  to  fight  aed  2.  wholl  dayes,  no  not  one  gunner  belonging 
to  the  Plantacon,  so  ye''  Hefto"""  o''  soveraignes  dignity,  yo""  hono"  o""  poore 
reputacons  §lives§  and  labo"  thus  long  spent  lieth  too  open  to  a  suddayne, 
and  to  an  inevitable  hazard,  if  a  forroigne  enemy  oppose  against  §vs§.  Of 
this  I  cannot  better  doe,  to  giue  yo'"  full  satisfaccon,  then  to  referr  yo"'  to 
the  iudgem*  and  opynion  of  Capt  Argall  who  hath  often  spoken  aftd  herof 
during  his  goverm*,  and  knoweth  (none  better)   these  defects. 

About  the  begynnyng  of  Septemb''  J-apazous  (the  King  of  Patawamack^ 
brother)  cames  to  James  Cyty  to  the  Governo^  Amongst  other  frivoulous 
message  he  requested,  that  2.  shipps  might  be  speedyly  to  Patawamack 
where  they  should  trade  for  greate  stoore  of  corne.  Herevpon  (according 
+  to  his  desyre)  the  Governo''  sent  an  Englishman  w*''  him  by  land,  and  in 

the  begynning  of  October,  Capt  WardC  shipp  and  Somer-IselandC  frigate 
departed  James  Cyty  hether-ward. 

Robte  Poole  being  wholly  ymployed  by  the  Governo''  of  message  to  the 
A  pientifuii  yeare  greate  King,  pswaded  S'  George,  that  if  he  would  send  Pledge  he  would,  he 
but  Contagious,  ^ould  come  to  visite  him.  O'  Corne  and  Tobacco  being  in  greate  aboun- 
dance  in  o''  grounds  (for  a  more  plentyfull  yere  then  this,  it  hath  not  pleased 
God  to  send  vs  since  the  beginning  of  this  Plantacon,  yet  very  contagious 
for  sycknes,  whereof  many  [2'']  both  old  and  new  men  died)  the  Governo'' 
sent  two  men  vnto  him,  who  were  returned  w*^  frivoulous  aunsweres, 
sayng  he  never  hadd  any  intent  to  come  vnto  him.  The  Gou^no""  being 
iealous  of  them  (the  rath9  because  wee  hadd  many  straggling  Plantacons, 
much  weakened  by  the  greate  mortality,  Poole  lykewise  proving  very 
dishonest)  requested  Captaine  William  Powell  and  myself  (for  Opachan- 
kano  pfesseth  much  love  to  me,  and  giueth  much  credite  to  my  wordC)  to 
goe  in  a  shallopp  unto  Pomonkey  ryver:  wch  wee  did.     Going  vp  that 

1  Marginal  notes  by  John  Ferrar. 

JANUARY,  1619120  245 

ryver  w**"!!!  5.  myles  of  his  house  wee  sent  Capt  Spehnan  and  Tho:  Hobson 
vnto  him  wth  the  Govemo"  message.  The  shipp  and  frigate  (being  not 
farr  out  of  their  way  to  Patawamack)  went  in  the  night  about  12.  myles 
into  the  riu9,  and  wee  hasting  vpp  wth  o""  shallopp,  the  messengers  were 
wth  Opaihankano,  before  or  asone  as  any  newes  came  to  him  eyther  of 
the  shipps  or  o""  arriuall,  wch  much  daunted  them  and  putt  them  in  greate 
feare.  Their  intertaym'  at  the  first  was  harshe,  (Poole  being  even  turned  + 
heathen)  but  after  their  message  was  delyuered,  it  was  kindly  taken,  they 
sent  awaj'-  lovingly,  and  Poole  accused  and  Condemned  by  them,  as  an 
instrum'  that  sought  all  the  meanes  he  could  to  breake  o''  league.  They  + 
seemed  also  to  be  very  weary  of  him.  Sfe  Opachankano  much  wondered 
I  would  not  goe  to  him,  but  (as  I  wished  the  messengers)  they  said  I  was 
syck  of  an  ague,  wherew'*"  they  'ivas  were  satisfied.  Wee  hadd  no  order 
to  bring  Poole  away,  nor  to  make  any  shew  of  discontent  to  him,  for  feare 
he  should  pswade  them  to  some  myscheif  in  o"'  corne  feild^,  hoping  to  gett 
him  away  by  fayre  meanes.  So  wee  returned  in  greate  love  and  amyty  to 
the  greate  content  of  the  Colony,  wch  before  lined  in  dayly  hazard,  all  + 
message  being  vn truly  delyu^ed  by  Poole  on  both  sid^. 

The  Chikahomynies  come  not  at  vs,  but  wee  receyue  no  domage  by  them. 

The  Governo""  hath  bounded  the  lymyttC  of  the  4.  Cerporarons  the  Com- 
panies, the  Governo",  the  Vniversity  and  Glebe  land^  according  to  the 

[3^]  All  the  Ancient  Planters  being  sett  free  haue  chosen  placC  for  their 

dividends  according  to  the  CoiTiyssion.     Wch  giueth  all  greate  content, 

for  now  knowing  their  owne  land^,  they  strive  and  are  p'pared  to  build 

houses  §&§  to  cleere  their  grounds  ready  to  plant,  wch  giveth  the     *     *     *  More  hope  then 

greate  incouragem*,  and  the  greatest  hope  to  make  the  Colony  florrishJ^^'j^yg°Qj,;g^g^g°" 

that  ever  yet  happened  to  them. 

Vpon  the  4.  of  November  the  Bona  Nona  arriued  at  James  Cyty.  All 
the  passengers  came  lusty  and  in  good  health.  They  came  by  the  west 
Indyes,  w"^  passage  at  that  season  doth  much  refreshe  the  people. 


The  proporcon^  of  Victualk  brought  for  those  100.  men  fell  so  short,  that 
Captaine  Welden  and  M'  Whitaker^  were  forced  (notwthstanding  o"' 
plenty)  to  putt  out  50.  or  thereabouts  for  a  yere,  by  the  Governo"  and 
Councelk  advise,  ffor  whom  they  are  to  receyue  the  next  yere,  3.  barrelk 
of  corne  and  55"  of  tobacco  for  a  man;  w''^  their  sicknes  considered  (for 
seldom  any  escapeth  little  or  much)  is  more  then  they  of  themselues  could 
eu9  gett.  By  this  meanes  the  next  yere,  they  wilbe  instructed  to  pceed 
in  their  owne  busynes  and  be  well  instructed  to  teache  new-coiTiers.  W'^ 
the  remaynder  (being  about  25.  a  peece,  the  one  is  seated  wth  one  Capt 
+  Mathewes  3.  myles  beyond  Henrico  for  his  owne  securytie,  and  to  his 

greate  content.  And  M""  Whithakers  wthin  4.  myles  of  James  Cyty  on 
the  Companies  land. 

+  Vpon  Saterday  the  20*^  of  November  at  night  M'  Ormerod  died  at  James 

Cytie,  after  a  long  and  tedious  sicknes,  the  cheif  occasion  the  flux,  wch  of 
late  hath  much  raigned  amongst  vs.    His  death  is  generally  much  lamented, 

■i-  the  Colony  receyving  hereby  a  greate  loss,  being  a  man  of  so  good  life, 

learnyng  &  carriadge  as  his  fellow  here  he  left  not  behind  him. 

6^°  One  M''  Darmer  a  gent  sent  out  by  the  Plymouth  Company  arriued  here 

ThiT  Mr  Darmer  ^^^'-^^  ^^^  ^^^^  ^^  September  in  a  smale  bottome  of  7.  or  8.  tunes,  he  hadd 
vpon  his  returne  coasted  from  Monah[wco7i]  to  o'"  Plantacon,  and  found  an  Inland  sea  to 
a  game  out  of  ^}-^g  ]s^q.  ^f  yg^  ^j^g  depth  whereof  he  could  not  search  for  want  of  meanes, 
ther  to  Discover  aiid  wyuter  coiTiyng  on.  He  is  fitting  his  smale  vessell,  and  purposeth 
this    Inland  sea  this  Spring  to  make  a  new  tryall. 

as    he    Called    it 

were^  Cutt  of  b  ^  Capt  Lawne  at  his  arriuall  seated  himself  in  Wareskoyack  Bay  wth  his 
the  Indians  Company,  but  by  his  owne  sycknes  and  his  peoples  (wherein  there  was 
It  was  one  the  jj-f^pj.Qyi(^gj^(3y)  }^g  quytted  his  Plantacon,  went  vpp  to  Charles  Cyty, 
Cod  toward?  Vir- ^ii<^  about  Novemb""  died.  So  his  piect  is  lykely  (vnles  better  followed 
ginia  this  Sea.      and  well  seconded)  to  come  to  nothing. 

Smythes  Hundred  people  are  seated  [are  seated]  at  Dauncing  Point,  the 
most  convenyent  place  wthin  their  lymittS.  There  hath  bene  much 
sycknes  amongst  them:  so  y*  this  yere  no  matter  of  gaine  or  of  greate 
industry  can  be  expected  from  them. 

JANUARY,  1619/20  247 

Martynes  Hundred  men  seated  at  Argall  Towne  wth  good  &  convenyent  + 
houses  haue  done  best  of  all  New-Comers.     Many  who  were  industrious 
having  reaped  good  cropps,  but  most  not  of  equall  spiritt  and  industrious  + 
haue  less,  yet  exceeded  other  New-Comers.     Many  of  these  haue  also 
died  bj^  sycknes,  but  not  eomparab  comparable  to  other  plac^. 

About  the  latter  e  begynning  of  Decemb""  Capt  Ward  w""  his  shipp  and  the 
frigate  came  from  Patawamack.  Japasons  hadd  dealt  falsely  wth  them, 
for  they  could  gett  little  trade,  so  that  they  brought  not  aboue  800  bushelk,  + 
the  most  pte  whereof  they  tooke  by  force  from  Jupasons  Country  who 
deceyued  them,  and  a  smale  quantyty  they  traded  for.  But  in  conclusion 
being  very  peaceable  wth  all  the  oth^  Indyans,  at  their  departure  they  "^ 
also  made  a  firme  peace  againe  wth  Japazons. 

At  this  tyme  also  came  Captaine  Woodiff  in  a  smale  shipp  of  Bristow,  who 
brought  his  people  very  well,  and  made  his  passag"  in  tenn  week^. 

Thus  #a*r  farr  as  pte  of  my  duty  (ever  ready  at  yo''  service)  haue  I  breifly 
made  knowen  vnto  yo"^,  some  ptyculers  of  o"'  estate:  and  w*''all  in  con- 
clusion cannot  chose  but  reveale  vnto  yo""  the  sorrow  I  conceyve,  to  heare 
of  the  many  accusacons  heaped  vpon  Captaine  Argall,  w**"  whom  my 
reputacon  hath  bene  vniustly  joynted  [4^]  but  I  am  pswaded  he  will 
aunswere  well  for  himself.  Here  haue  also  bene  divers  deposycons  taken 
and  sent  home  by  the  Diana,  I  will  tax  no  man  therein:  but  when  it  shall 
come  to  farther  triall,  I  assure  yo"^  that  yo""  shall  fynd  many  dishonest 
and  faithles  men  to  Captaine  Argall,  who  haue  receyued  much  kindnes  at 
his  handC  &  to  his  face  will  contradict,  and  be  ashamed  of  much,  wch  in 
his  absence  they  haue  intymated  against  him.  Lastly,  I  speake  on  my 
owne  experience  for  these  11.  yeres,  I  neuer  amongst  so  few,  haue  seene 
so  many  falseharted,  envious  and  malicious  people  (yea  amongst  some 
who  march  in  the  better  ranck)  nor  shall  yo"^  ever  §heare§  of  any  the 
iustest  Governo""  here,  who  shall  liue  free,  from  their  scandalk  and 
shameles  exclamacons,  if  way  be  given  to  their  reports.  And  so  desyring 
yo''  kind  acceptance  hereof,  being  vnwilling  to  conceale  any  thing  from 
yo^'self  (who  now,  to  myne  and  many  others  comforts,  standeth  at  the 
helme  to  guide  vs  and  bring  vs  to  e*  the  Port  of  o""  best  happynes,  wch  of 
late  wee  say  principally  by  yo""  goodnes  wee  now  inioy)  eyther  wch  yo"^ 


may  be  desyrous  to  vnderstand  or  wch  may  further  yo"^  for  the  advauncem* 
of  this  Christian  Plantacon  I  take  my  leave,  and  will  ever  rest 
At  yo""  service  and  commaund  in  all  faithfuU  dutyes 

Jo:  Rolf. 

[Indorsed  by  Sir  Edwin  Sandys:]  M""  John  Rolfe  from  Virginia  Jan:  1619. 
By  the  George. 

Narration  of  the  Late  p'cedings  in  Virginia. 

Cape  Cod-fish  larger  then  that  of  Nue-found-land 

The  fishing  voiage  of  the  George. 

The  Treasurors  return:  Extreme  feare  of  the  Spaniards:  Want  of  all 

Ships  sent  to  the  K.  of  Patowamach. 
Voiage  to  Opuchankeno.     Pooles  villanie. 
t  The  4-  Burrough  &  puhlique  land  set  out. 
^  Joy  and  good  successe  of  dividing  y^  Lands. 

(J»  The  Voiage  of  the  Bona  nova.     Vide  C.  Weldons  seate.     Vide  Death 
&  praise  of  M""  Ormerod. 
M''  Damer  of  Plimmouths  discoveries. 
Captain  Ward's  Voiage  for  Corn. 
In  favor  of  C.  Argal.     That  people  ill-conditioned 
To  S^  Edwin  Sandys. 

[Addressed  by  self:]  To  the  Honored  and  my  much  respected  frend  S'' 
Edwyn  Sandys  K*,  Treasorer  for  the  Virginia  Company  these. 

XCV.   Sir  George  Yeardley.     A  Letter 

January  10,  1619/20 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  Smyth,  14 

Document  in  New  York  PubUc  Library 

Autograph  signed 

List  of  Records  No.  155 

Right  Wor'i 

Yo"  from  Bristoll  dated  Septemb:  9.  1619.  I  have  received  from  Captaine 
John  Woodleef,  whom  accordinge  to  yo""  desire,  I  have  planted  in  a  very 
good  and  Conveniente  place.  Against  w'^''  act  of  mine  it  may  be,  Captaine 
ffrancis  West  brother  to  y^  late  right  hono^'"  my  Lo.  la  warre  (accordinge 
to  some  false  information  from  hence)  will  there  in  England  take  some 

JANUARY  13,  1619120  249 

exception,  as  yf  I  had  seated  yo''  people  vpon  parte  of  that  lande  w'^'"  he 
y^  last  Somer  designed  for  y^  right  hono^'^  my  Lo  la  warre  nowe  livinge. 
W"''  yf  he  doe,  yo"  may  vpon  mine  affirmation  boldly  reply  that  M''  West 
is  misinformed,  and  that  y*"  lande  I  have  made  choyse  of  for  yo",  lyes 
above  that  w"''  he  had  appointed  for  my  lord,  more  towards  West  and 
Sherley  hundred,  and  towardes  Charles  Citty,  and  also  that  he  had  not 
before  his  departure  obtained  any  grante  from  me  of  that  w'^''  he  did  lay 
out.  ffor  wyninge  wth  yo"  presently  in  Adventure,  though  I  give  yo"  many 
thankes  for  yo''  favor,  in  admittinge  me  one  of  yo'  society,  and  would  as 
gladly  partake  w**"  yo"  as  w*''  any  sowell  in  y^  Company,  yet  such  nowe  is 
partly  my  publique  employmente,  and  partly  my  engagement  to  bringe  out 
of  England  at  my  owne  Chardge  25  men  this  yeare  to  furnish  Smythe 
hundred  as  I  must  beseech  yo"  to  excuse  me,  If  I  cannot  at  this  tyme 
make  vse  of  that  speciall  favor  of  yo".  Hereafter  it  may  be,  when  god 
shall  give  me  ability  and  leysure,  I  shalbe  more  forward  to  accept  yo'' 
Curtesy.  In  y^  meane  while  yo"  shall  finde  me  as  ready  for  yo''  sakes, 
to  assist  Captaine  Woodleefe  at  all  assayes,  as  yf  mine  adventure  were 
allready  in  yo'  Cashe.  So  wishinge  yo"  all  and  yo'  people  here  in  Virginia 
y*"  happines  of  a  newe  yeare,  I  rest 

Yo'^  verie  ready  to  doe  yo"  service 

George  Yeardley 
James  citty  Jan.  10'"  1619 

[Indorsed  in  the  handwriting  of  Smyth:]  S'  geo:  yardles  I'r  10.  Jan: 
1619:  of  the  Place  assigned  for  our  Berkely:  and  y'  it  is  not  y"  lord  de 
la- ware's  land:    And  y*  he  refuseth  to  ioyne  with  vs. 

XCVI.  John  Pory.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys 

January  13,  1619/20 

Ferrar  Papers 

Document  in  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge.     Autograph  Letter,  Signed 

List  of  Records  No.  156 

Most  worthy  knight. 

After  my  sicknesses  and  miseries  past,  the  Bona  noua  hath  brought 
me  in  particular  one  singular  and  cordial  comfort  namely  the  newes 
of  your  being  elected  Treasurer:  for  nowe  I  am  confident,  that  what 


seruice  soeuer  I  shall  indeuour  for  the  publique  shall  come  to  that  hand 
w"*"  knowes  howe  to  value  it,  and  will  not  onely  accepte,  but  esteem  it. 
The  defect  is  (w'^  makes  me  sigh)  that  my  sufficiencies  from  hence  (heu 
quantum  est  in  rebus  inane!)  cannot  in  the  thousand  parte  answere 
yours  euery  way  so  complete,  out  of  England.  And  though  I  had  it  in 
my  person,  yet  the  place  so  newly  inhabited  wantes  many  helpes, 
wherw*^  those  ciuiler  partes  doe  abounde.  Howbeit  this  yeare  to  come 
(for  the  last  was  full  of  infirmities  in  all  kindes)  so  it  please  God  to  con- 
tinue my  health  as  it  is,  being  neuer  more  perfect  in  any  place  wheresoeuer 
I  haue  remained,  I  will  rouze  up  my  spirits  to  doe  all  that  may  be  possible. 
Neither  shall  the  vncertainty  of  my  being  continued,  or  by  some  newe 
gouernour  thrust  out  of  my  place,  any  whitt  dismay  me  from  performance 
of  my  duty  for  the  Interim;  for  that  is  a  stroke,  though  many  times  vnjust 
and  cruell,  for  w'^  there  is  no  sense.  In  this  dispatche  I  haue  sente  you 
enclosed  in  a  letter  of  mine  to  the  Counsell  and  Company,  a  copie  of  a 
warrant  from  the  Gouern"":  and  Counsell  here,  for  establishing  my  fees, 
according  as  it  was  there  ordered  in  courte,  before  my  coming  awaye. 
Herein  (as  all  of  them  can  be  my  witnesses)  I  was  not  mine  owne  caruer 
at  all;  but  they  in  [1*^]  mine  absence,  and  w^^out  my  suggestion,  did  order 
mine  allowance,  as  appeareth  in  the  same  copie.  For  the  first  whole  yeare 
from  the  time  my  comission  was  deliuered  me,  I  receiued  not  a  farthing, 
and  since  that,  very  little,  being  faine  to  trust  the  most  of  those  I  doe 
seruice  for.  If  the  Company  shalbe  pleased  to  confirme  vnto  me  that, 
w'^''  all  men  of  reason  here  do  thinke  to  be  but  reasonable,  I  shall  esteem 
both  my  hazard  and  my  paines  well  bestowed,  although,  do  what  I  can,  I 
feare  me,  that  at  my  three  yeares  ende  I  shall  skarce  make  a  sauing  voiage. 
In  suina  sumaru,  whatsoeuer  they  in  their  wisdom  and  bounty  shall 
thinke  fitte  to  allotte  me  I  will  rest  contented. 

Now  in  answere  to  your  letter  by  the  same  ship.  Your  loue  I  do  most 
thankfully  acknowledge;  and  I  thinke  Sir  George  Yeardley  will  not  deny, 
but  he  hath  still  cause  to  affect  me  euery  day  more  and  more.  To  that 
noble  Earle  I  am  deeply  bound,  who  cannot  but  testifie  on  my  behalfe, 
that  when  he  employed  me  in  his  owne  particular  seruice  I  performed  it 
fuUy  to  his  minde,  and  aboue  his  expectation,  and  will  hope  to  do  the  like, 
if  euer  I  shall  haue  the  honour  to  serue  him  againe.  As  it  hath  bene  your 
indeuour  to  maintaine  his  lo^^  good  fauour  towards  Sir  George  Yeardley, 

JANUARY  IS,  1619120  251 

so  (as  you  will  perceiue  by  somewhat  that  comes  in  this  dispatche)  it  hath  + 
bene  my  care  to  nourish  Sir  George  his  due  respect  and  worthy  seruice 
towards  his  lo^,  and  this  also  out  of  regard  to  the  good  of  [2^]  Virginia. 
It  would  grieue  me,  that  any  erro""  or  disaster  should  haue  any  power  to 
worke  any  contrary  effecte.  But  you  knowe  that  humanu  est  errare,  and 
disasters  what  wisedome  can  preuent?  If  his  lo^  be  offended  in  ought,  it 
wilbe  in  respect  of  his  more  then  ordinary  affection  towards  Captain  "** 
Argall,  whose  faultes  Sir  George  was  bounde  by  comission,  and  for  the 
saluing  of  his  owne  reputation  also,  to  discouer.  Sir  George  Yeardley,  I 
thinke,  would  not  robb  Captaine  Argall  of  my  lordes  loue,  for  he  hath  in 
him  to  deserue  muche;  nor  would  he  haue  his  lo^  to  haue  spent  so  muche 
loue  upon  any  man  in  vaine;  but  onely  doth  wishe  that  Captain  Argall 
being  riche,  a  Bachelour,  and  deuoid  of  chardge,  would  not  so  excessiuely  "^ 
intende  his  owne  thrifte.  As  touching  Sir  George  his  intercepting  of  my 
letters,  his  lo"  I  knowe  (so  noble  is  he)  will  not  be  implacable.  And  on 
the  other  side,  I  knowe  not  howe  he  will  interpret  that  w''^  hath  bene 
written  concerning  the  Treasurer  (w'=^  Argall  called  his  ship,  while  she  was 
here)  or  concerning  Spelmans  vnaduised  using  of  his  lo"^  name  to  Opo- 
chancano.  Meane  while  in  the  dangers  wherein  the  Colony  stood.  Sir 
George  thought  himselfe  vnworthy  of  a  remedy,  vnlesse  he  had  sett  downe 
the  truth  of  the  case.  What  tempestes  that  answere  of  his  by  the  Diana, 
and  those  other  letters  then  and  since  haue  raised  in  your  court,  I  doe 
almost  fear  to  think  of.  Without  his  coinandement  I  did  nothing  [2''] 
and  that  w'=''  I  did,  he  viewed  and  reuiewed  still  to  a  syllable.  All  w'^'' 
upon  the  sending  away  of  this  dispatch  we  throughly  perused,  and  he 
constantly  auowes  and  Justifies  euery  iota  and  title.  Jacta  est  alea,  and 
some  body  must  run  the  hazard  of  it.  But  if  we  be  blamed  for  doing  part 
of  our  duty,  then  what  should  we  haue  bene,  if  we  had  done  all?  All  that 
I  can  say  is,  that  whatsoeuer  errours  of  mine  be  represented  back  hither 
(for  in  the  distemper  I  was  in,  I  could  not  chuse,  but  comitte  some)  I  shall 
be  more  willing  to  amende,  then  euer  I  was  to  comitte,  and  shall  honour 
them  most,  that  read  me  my  lesson  most  roundly.  And  whosoeuer  do  so, 
shall  in  my  conceipte  do  far  better,  then  those  others  (who  they  were,  I 
knowe  not)  that  by  the  Marigolde  putt  this  goiiernour  for  the  time 
(whenas  I  serued  him  w**"  the  greatest  fidelity  and  zeale  that  was  possible) 
into  so  many  violent  needles  Jelousies  against  me,  which  notw^'^standing 


had  not  the  force  to  batter  downe  my  patience  of  proolf.  That  lawe  of 
iustice  and  friendship  so  to  doe  right  to  one  friend,  as  to  beware  of  off  ring 
wrong  to  another,  I  haue  as  duely  obserued,  as  I  could  any  way  deiiise. 
And  you  shall  well  perceiue,  howe  I  haue  concurred  with  you  to  close  up 
the  breache,  w"''  was  in  danger  to  haue  growen  wyder.  So  haue  I  euer 
since  my  coming  hither  performed  the  parte  of  a  true  friend,  and  that  for 
the  publique  good,  wherin  I  pray  god,  we  may  all  haue  Joye.  For  per- 
forming my  requestes,  w*^owt  answering  my  letters,  I  most  humbly  [3*] 
thanke  you.  This  far  in  answere  of  your  kinde  letter.  I  haue  sente  you 
in  Sir  George  his  boxe  of  letters  directed  both  to  your  selfe,  and  to  his 
brother,  the  copies  of  our  two  dispatches  both  by  the  Prosperous  and  the 
Flemish  man  of  warre,  to  the  ende,  that  if  you  haue  occasion,  you  may 
make  use  of  them.  I  haue  sent  you  also  inclosed  w*""  this,  the  copie  of 
my  letter  to  you  by  the  Fleming;  and  a  copie  also  of  my  letter  I  write 
nowe  to  my  lord  of  Warwick,  to  the  end  you  should  from  my  part,  be 
ignorant  of  nothing  wherby  you  may  doe  any  good  office  between  that 
most  noble  lord  and  Sir  George  Yeardley,  and  for  none  other  purpose. 
This  secret  I  would  not  putt  into  §any§  hand  but  yours,  nor  into  yours, 
but  onely  for  that  intent.  I  am  to  confident  of  your  true  worth,  as  I  dare 
putt  my  life  into  your  handes,  and  therfore  this,  w'^''  I  hold  not  much 
inferiour.  By  the  Bona  noua  I  purpose  to  sende  you  copies  of  suche 
graunts  of  lande,  as  we  shall  haue  passed  to  the  ende,  that  if  you  like  not 
the  forme,  you  may  be  pleased  to  reforme  it.  If  you  receiued  Sir  George 
his  dispatche  by  the  Prosperous  I  would  beseech  you  to  viewe  the  general 
petition  §against  Captaine  Argall§  of  those  nine  of  James  citty,  §contained 
in  one  sheet§  and  to  compare  the  original  w*''  the  copie  sent  you  nowe  in 
Sir  George  his  boxe,  and  if  you  finde  neuer  so  little  difference  between 
them  §though  but  a  worde§  that  you  would  vouchsafe  to  giue  me  notice 
by  the  first,  for  it  may  concerne  me.  You  may  best  doe  it  by  correcting 
the  said  copie  by  the  original,  and  sending  it  back  againe.  More  time  I 
will  not  presume  to  rob  you  of,  that  haue  so  many  better  wayes  to  employe 
it.  [Z^]  Mine  humble  duty  and  seruice  I  beseech  you  to  present  to  your 
noble  and  vertuous  lady.  And  so  wishing  her  Id",  your  selfe,  and  your 
generous  ofspring  all  happines,  I  reste 

Yours  euer  most  humbly  bounden  to  loue  and  serue  you. 

Jo:  PORY. 

James  Citty  Jan.  13*^  1619. 

JANUARY  13,  1619/20  253 


Wheras  in  my  letter  by  the  Fleming  I  wrote  concerning  Poole  the  Inter- 
preter, that  Sir  George  would  make  him  sure  for  telling  any  more  false 
tales  to  Opochancano,  if  once  he  gott  him  into  his  power;  at  Pooles  coming 
lately  home  we  were  quite  of  another  opinion.  For  bringing  the  Kinges 
picture  as  a  messenger  from  Opochancanough,  we  counted  him  a  pub- 
lique,  and  as  it  were  a  neutral  person,  and  so  for  not  discontenting  Opoe- 
chancanough,  w**"  whom  nowe  we  stand  in  termes  of  reconciliation,  we 
thought  it  no  wayes  convenient  to  call  Poole  to  accounte. 

One  fauour  yet  I  must  humbly  beseech  of  you,  and  that  is,  after  this  dis- 
patche  hath  bene  perused  in  the  courte,  you  would  be  pleased  to  sende  it 
my  lo:  Carewe  to  read  it  ouer,  and  likewise  if  there  be  any  thing  w"^  his 
loP  hath  not  seen  in  the  last  dispatche  by  the  fleming. 

At  the  sealing  up  of  this  I  cannot  finde  the  copie  of  my  letter  to  you  by 
the  Fleming,  w'='',  it  may  be,  you  shall  finde  in  one  of  the  other  pacquettC. 

[Indorsed:]  M'  John  Pory:  from  Virginia  13  Jan:  1619. 
By  ye  ^George^  Bona  nmta 
+  Sent  y^  order  for  his  Fees. 

Apoligi  for  his  dealing  between  y^  E.  &  S"'  G.  Y. 
What  if  they  had  doon  all  their  Duetie? 
Trust  w**"  a  Secret. 

Wil  send  copies  of  their  grants  of  Land. 
n  Touching  y''  Complaints  by  y*"  Prospus  vide. 
Poole  a  messenger  from  Opachankeno. 
[By  Sr  Edwin  Sandys] 
To  S^  Edwin  Sandys. 

1282—33 18 


XCVII.  John  Pory.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys 

Januaky  14,  1619/20 

Ferrar  Papers 

Document  in  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge 

List  of  Records  No.  157 

Hon^'«  knight, 

Untill  the  last  moment  of  sending  away,  I  had  forgotten  to  write  you  a 
Ust  of  their  names  both  Colony  men  &  etfeer  passengers  that  came  in  the 
Bona  nova,  wherby  it  appeareth,  there  want  three  Colony  men  of  the 
number  of  an  hundred.  Nor  doth  it  appear  whether  the  passages  of  all 
the  rest  that  in  the  same  note  go  vnder  the  name  of  Passengers  be  payd 
for,  or  freely  given  by  the  Company.  Captain  Welden  saith,  the  Com- 
pany gave  him  passage  for  twoe,  Thomas  Smyth  and  Edward  Kerby  gen- 
tlemen, w'^''  the  Gouern""  will  not  accept  of  as  a  warrant  sufficient  to  saue 
him  harmeles,  w*^out  certificat  from  the  Company.  W*"^  two,  together 
w*""  Adames  that  goes  vnder  the  name  of  Mr  Whitakers  man,  the  Gouern"^ 
will  not  lett  passe  for  England;  nor  yet  Mr  Hansbies  man  in  pledge  of 
George  Eden  that  by  your  order  is  to  go  for  Smyths  hundred,  till  such 
time  as  he  receive  other  order  from  the  Company,  or  vntill  there  come 
three  others  in  their  roome 

*To  be  found  in  Of  Vignerons,  of  those  that  haue  skill  in  breeding  silkewormes,  and  such* 
the   lowe    coun-^g  know  how  to  handle  and  dresse  flaxe  for  the  managing  of  our  silke 

tries         especially  -rn       ^  *^^  ^  e       ^       *  ^    •  'ii 

about    Cambray  grasse,  If  the  company  will  not  have  most  of  their  smps  continually  to 
&  Landrechis.      retume  home  empty,  there  would  be  good  numbers  sought  out  and  sent. 
Because  the  boat  stayes,  I  must  abruptly  take  my  leaue.     Dieu  vous 
guarde  de  mal.    Monsieur 

Vostre  tres  humble  et  tres  affectione  serviteur 

Jo:  Pory. 
James  city  Jan.  14.  1619. 

JANUARY  16,  1619120  255 

XCVIII.   John  Pory.    A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys 

January  16,  1619/20 

Ferrar  Papers 

Document  in  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge.     Letter,  Signed 

List  of  Records  No.  158 

Hono"^'"  Knight 

Once  more  give  me  leave  to  interrupt  yo''§  in  §  answeringe  an  obiection 
w"*"  some  may  make  against  S"'  George  Yeardley  for  j}feringe  to  serve  y° 
Copany  in  his  place  of  his  governem*,  for  his  three  yeares  in  Case  he  be 
continued  gratis. 

Against  this  some  man  may  alleadge  that  he  hath  broke  his  profifer  in 
takinge  this  yeare  a  rente  of  Corne  and  tobacco,  though  not  much,  from 
Martins  hundred  people,  whom  Capt  Argall  had  placed  on  the  G[overno\" 

To  this  he  answeres,  first  that  what  he  received  from  them  did  not  arise 
out  of  y^  labours  of  those  fifty  of  his  guarde,  w'=''  y"  Company  allowed  him, 
by  whose  labo*^  he  hath  not  yet  reaped  a  penny  benefit,  save  onely  and 
meerely  in  Corne,  w"^  he  Cannot  Converte  into  mony,  because  he  muste 
reserve  yt  for  his  next  yeares  provision.  Secondly  he  is  at  least  800" 
sterlinge  out  of  purse  by  reason  of  this  Chardgeable  employm*  and  that 
yf  he  should  heale  vp  his  estate  againe  out  of  y^  Governo"  lande,  onely  to 
that  sume,  and  no  farther,  yet  might  he  be  sayd  to  serve  them,  gratis, 
havinge  made  but  owne  of  owne.  But  still  he  pfesseth  as  in  his  former  that 
he  Consecrateth  that  expence  wholly  to  y^  service  of  y^  Colony,  that  he 
will  not  from  henceforth  rayse  a  penny  proffit  out  of  those  mens  labo"  that 
remaine  of  his  guarde,  or  that  shalbe  sent  over  for  a  farther  addition,  but 
apply  it  wholly  to  y**  buildinge  and  mayntaininge  a  fort  at  Point  Comforte: 
and  lastly  that  he  tooke  that  petty  rente  of  Martins  Hundred  people,  to 
make  them  acknowledge  by  y^  same  act  of  theirs  that  Paspaheigho  by*  + 
expresse  wordes  in  y*'  greate  CoiTiission  did  belonge  to  y^  Governo''  and 
that  they  had  bene  wrongfully  seated  by  Capt  Argall  vpon  that  lande, 
w"**  both  he  had  instructions,  and  S""  George  Yeardley  CoiTiission  to  lay 
out  for  y^  Governo"  vse. 


S""  George  adviseth  not  onely  y^^  Adventurers  for  Smythes  hundred,  but 

y''  generall  Company  also,  to  send  hither  husbandmen  truely  bred  (whereof 

here  is  a  greate  scarcity,  or  none  at  all)  both  to  manage  y^  Plough,  and 

breake  o'  oxen  and  horses  to  that  busines.    Besides  he  wisheth  y^  generall 

Company  would  send  greate  store  of  Vignerons,  and  Vine  plants  of  a  good 

race  though  growinge  in  England,  albeit  they  woulde  doe  better  to  be  had 

of  ffrance  and  Spaine.     M'  Nicholas  Leate  y^  Marchant  hath  vpon  my 

+  knowledge  or  (I  am  sure)  had  a  lardge  vine  of  Corynth  grapes  at  y^  house 

he  formerly  dwelt  in  y"  garden  whereof  Containinge  y^  same  vine  is  parted 

but  by  a  wall  from  ye  §garden  of  the§  house  where  he  nowe  dwelleth.    It 

grewe  when  I  sawe  yt  against  y'^  North  wall  of  y"  same  garden  w"^  supported 

it  towards  y''  South  sune.    If  yo'""  Could  pcure  any  slips  of  that  howe  [!•'] 

gainefuU  might  they  prove  w*^  in  seven  or  Eight  yeares,  heere  beinge 

\v\eat\  enough  both  to  ripen  and  to  dry  them?     There  belonge  so  many 

severall  skills  to  y"  plantinge  and  dressinge  of  a  vineyard  and  to  y*"  makinge 

and  preservinge  of  wines,  whereof  o''  nation  is  ignorant,  as  needes  must 

wee  have  Vignerons  from  from  forraine  partes:     And  vineyards  beinge 

once  planted  where  such  infinite  store  of  caske  may  be  provided,  wee 

might  §for  want  of  other  comodities§  lade  all  y'^  ships  that  come,  w**"  as 

rich  wines  as  ffrance  or  Spaine  doth  yeild.    S'  George  brought  hither  some 

+  plants  w'=''  doe  prosper  passinge  weU,  but  his  Vigneron  being  a  fretfuU  olde 

man  is  dead.    And  because  Canary  wine  is  y^  most  durable  in  all  voyages 

+  and  Chmates  of  anie,  and  so  Consequently  y^  most  salable  and  proffitable : 

yt  would  doe  passinge  well,  yf  wee  could  get  store  of  plants  from  thence, 

*     *     *     yt  would  one  day  acquite  y^  Cost  to  pcure  plants  of   those 

wines     *     *     *    ly  and  Greece,  w"""  doe  emulate  y^  Nectar.    Then  this, 

store  of  Vines  aiijjo  Couutry  is  more  apt  for  that  purpose;  for  in  time  of  yeare  yo"^  Can 

^'^°®^  scarce  walke  three  steps  in  any  place  vnmanured,  where  some  vine  or 

+  other  will  not  be  ready  to  entangle  yo'  foote.    But  of  this  subiect  enough, 

Braueiy    Spoken  thereof  I  have  SO  lardgely  dilated,  not  because  I  thirst  after  yt;  for  I 

and  like  a  t^av-^^^^^^^  ^^^^  ^  drinke  Water  here  w'"  as  much  {yf  not  more)  pleasure  ^and^ 

contente,  as  I  dranke  wine  in  those  partC 

JANUARY  16,  1619/20  257 

ffor  y"  breedinge  also  and  attendance  of  silke-wormes  it  would  be  most  + 

necessary  to  send  hither  men  that  have  in  other  Countryes  bene  trayned  mj^tlken*  iil^'the 

vp  meerely  to  that  profession,     ffor  there  belongeth  greate  Curiosity  to  it.  greate    Skiii    he 

thinkes  is  aboute 

ffor  y^  dressinge  hatchellinge,  and  makinge  marchantable  silke  grasse,**^®™  notiiing  at 
flaxe  and  hempe,  hither  would  be  sent  men  of  professed  and  practised  thing  "ancT  by  ^an 
skill — it  may  be  some  might  be  founde  in  England.  to  be  learned  yea 

Children     '" 

Tobacco  onely  takes  vp  as  much  labo""  and  care,  as  all  these  (yea  yf  yo"  hempe^'^l'  ^'^^^''' 
should  adde  some  one  Comodity  more)  Can  employ  or  exercise,     ffor  in  Tobacco  of  more 
sowing  plantinge,  weedinge,  worminge,  gatheringe,  Curinge,  and  making  payncs  and  labor 
vp,  it  Consumes  ten  monethes  at  least,  yf  not  eleven.     Ad  quid  tot     *     *     *then  all  the  bet- 
perditio  hxd  vel  in  fumU  saltern  evanitio?     yet   this  benefit  wee  may  very  truly  said  by 
*     *     *     cape  out  of  it.     The  extreame  Care,  diligence,  and  labor  spent '"m- 
about  yt,  doth  prepare  o""  people  for  some  more  excellente  subiect.    All       note  tins 
those  other  Comodities  can  prosper  in  a  wet  yeare,  when  tobacco  proves^  weet  yeare 
starke  naught.     Besides   they  are  not  in  danger  of  frost,   w"^''   sometimes\,ut    makes    m 
overthrowes  if  greatest  parte  of  y"  tobacco  in  y'  lande.     And  though  this  other  good  Com- 
yeare  (w<=i^  was  a  most  extraordinary  good  yeare  both  for  Corne  and  To- U'ette/aild'r  I't! 
bacco)    I  thinke  there  will  goe  home  ten  thowsand  waighte  at  least  as  good  tin   Frost    aisoe 
as  ever  Came  out  of  y"  Indies;  yet  are  wee  not  to  set  o''  rest  vpon  a  Com- '''f°-^'^®^  ^^^  *^*^''° 
odity  as  much  importuned  as  little  necessary.     When  I  sate  downe  I 
thought  to  have  wryt  but  ten  lines  at  y''  most.    But  y^  true  and  vnfained  Tobacco    not    a 
respect  [2=^]  I  beare  to  yo''  worthy  selfe,  my  love  to  y'^  Country,  and  those  modity 
fiourishinge  hopes  w'^''  not  in  remote,  but  in  neare  possibihty    x    x    x 
§1  doe§  Conceive  of  yt,  doe  make  me  forget  that  other  respect  I  should 
Carry  to  y^  price  of  yo''  time,  w"''  else  would  be  far  better  employed.    To 
my  selfe  I  dare  not  presume  to  wish  such  a  degree  of  happines,  as  I  doe  to 
yo"',  w"^  yf  I  might  have  my  desire,  should  be  w*^  y''  most.  And  in  that 
minde,  w''*'  I  hope  shall  never  change,  I  rest 

Yo''  most  bounden  to  serve  and  honour  yo"^ 
James  Citty  Jan.  16:  1619. 

One  thinge  more  I  am  willed  to  adde  for  a  Postscript ;  and  that  is  a  reason 
yet  vnalleadged  why  y*^  greater  parte  of  the  Companies  and  Colledge  men 
sent  hither  in  y*  Bona  Nova  are  put  out  to  olde  planters.  It  is  because 
those  that  y''  Company  hath  appointed  to  governe  them  are  men  quite 


vnexpercienced  in  this  Country,  and  therefore  not  fit  to  take  so  greate  a 
A  good  Consider-  chardg  vpon  them  at  y^  first,  as  y^  Comaundinge  and  y^  directing  and 
orderinge  of  fifty  men  a  piece.  The  greater  parte  of  w''''  by  that  time  their 
yeares  service  to  those  old  men  is  expired,  wilbe  men  well  seasoned  and 
skillfull  to  labor  themselves  and  those  two  gentlemen  their  Governo"  by 
that  tyme  also  wilbe  more  apt  to  take  chardge  over  them  all. 

Two  other  packett^  I  haue  sent  you  from  my  selfe,  the  one  by  this  bearer 
M''  Ewens  M''  of  the  George,  and  the  other  inclosed  in  a  letter  to  M*^ 
Ralph  Yeardley,  putt  up  in  the  lesser  boxe  of  the  twoe,  w'^^  Sir  George 
Yeardley  now  sendeth  you.^ 
[Indorsed  by  Sir  Edwin  Sandys:]  John  Pory  from  Virginia  16.  Jan:  1619. 

T</fj       ^       ^       ^ 

*  Reasons  of  Rent  taken  by  S""  G.  Y.  from  Mart.  Hun. 

The  Paspaheys  land. 
Store  of  True  Housbandmen  to  be  sent. 
+  Vignerons  &  Vines  from  Fr:  and  Spain 

M""  Letes  Corinthian  Vine. 
Vines  from  the  Canaries  best. 
Abundance  of  naturall  Vines  there. 
+    ^  Men  skilfuU  for  Silkworms  &  Silk  to  be  sent. 

Item  for  dressing  flax  &  so  y^°  Silkgrasse 
The  Extreme  labor  (of  10  Moneths)  about  Tobacco  hath  prepared  them 
for  better  things. 

They  send   10°  of  the  best  Tobacco  that  ever  grew  in  Virginia.     As 
good  as  y^  Spanish. 

The  men  put  out,  because  their  Governors  vnexpienced. 
To  S'  Edwin  Sandys. 

•  Last  paragraph  of  postscript  is  by  John  Pory. 

JANUARY  28,  1619/20  259 

XCIX.  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.    A  Letter  to  Sir  Robert  Naunton 
January  28,  1619/20 

State  Papers,  Domestic,  James  I,  Vol.  112,  No.  26,  Folio  49 
Dociiment  in  Public  Record  Office,  London.     Letter  Signed  and  Sealed  with  Coat  of 

List  of  Records  No.  160 
Right  Honorable: 

Being  vnable  to  give  my  personall  attendance  vpon  the  LP,  I  have 
presumed  to  addresse  my  Suite  in  theis  few  hnes  vnto  yo''  Honor.  The 
Citie  of  London  have  by  Act  of  their  Common  Counsell,  appointed  one 
Hundred  Children  out  of  their  superfluous  multitude  to  be  transported  to 
Virginia;  there  to  be  bound  apprentices  for  certaine  yeares,  and  afterward 
w*h  verie  beneficiall  condicons  for  the  Children;  and  have  granted  more- 
over a  levie  of  five  hundred  pound  among  them  selfs  for  the  apparrelling 
of  those  Children,  and  toward  their  charges  of  transportacon.  Now  it 
falleth  out  that  among  those  Children,  sundry  being  ill  disposed,  and  fitter 
for  any  remote  place  then  for  this  Citie,  declare  their  vnwllingnes  to  goe 
to  Virginia:  of  whom  the  Citie  is  especially  desirous  to  be  disburdened; 
and  in  Virginia  vnder  severe  Masters  they  may  be  brought  to  goodnes. 
But  this  Citie  wanting  authoritie  to  deliver,  and  the  Virginia  Company  to 
transport  theis  persons  against  their  wills :  the  burden  is  layd  vpon  me,  by 
humble  suite  vnto  the  LI*  to  procure  higher  authoritie  for  the  warranting 
thereof.  May  it  please  yo''  Honor  therefore,  to  vouchsafe  vnto  vs  of  the 
Company  here,  and  to  the  whole  Plantation  in  Virginia  that  noble  favou"", 
as  to  be  a  meanes  vnto  their  L"^  out  of  their  accustomed  goodnes,  and  by 
their  higher  authority  to  discharge  both  the  Citie  and  our  Company  of  this 
difficultie,  as  their  L^*  and  you""  Honors  in  yo''  wisedomes  shall  find  most 
expedient  For  whose  health  and  prosperity  our  Company  will  alwaies 
pray.  And  so  I  take  humble  leave :  and  rest 
yo""  Honors  humbly  at  Comand 

Edwin  Sandys 
London  28  January  1619 

[Addressed:]  To  the  Right  Honorable  S""  Robert  Naunton  Knight  princi- 
pall  Secretary  to  his  Ma*'" 

[Lidorsed]^  28  Januarie  1619     Lre  from  S'  Edwin  Sands  desireing  war- 
raunt  for  transporting  certaine  Youthes  into  Virginia 

'  Indorsement  is  in  a  contemporary  hand. 



C.  Account  rendered   to   Sir  William  Throckmorton   and   Asso- 
ciates FOR  Supplies  sent  in  the  Ship,  "London  Merchant" 

February,  1619/20 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  Smyth  3  (19),  pp.  98-99 
Document  in  New  York  Public  Library 
List  of  Records  No.  162 

The  Accompt  of  monyes  receyved  and  payd  for  a  newe  supply  into  Virginia  in  the 
month  of  ffebruary.  1619.  sent  in  the  ship  called  the  London  m9chant,  wherin 
went  M''  Thoi-p,  Richard  Sherife  th'elder,  Tho:  Carter  Henry  Towensend  Rich- 
ard &  Charles  Partridge  .3.   of  whome  M""  Thorpe  chuseth  for  our  servants 

Of  M'  Richard  Berkley  Esq?  for  his  .4.'"  pte xxxv" 

Of  M'  George  Thorpe  Esqj  for  his  .4."  pte xxxv" 

Of  M""  lohn  Smyth  for  liis  iiij*''  pte xxxv" 

Of  the  said  M"'  Thorpe  and  M'  Smyth  for  the  iiij*  ptel 

^ch  gr  \Yinm   Throkm9ton  should  have  payd  save  I  „ 

that  he  hath  nowe  quit  the  ptnership   and  busines,  f 

payd  loyntly  betwene  them J 

Sm  total— Cxi" 

ffor  the  transportacon  of  3.  men xviij" 

ff or  six  kine  to  bee  delyu9ed  in  Virginia Ix" 

ffor  one  hoggeshead  of  white  wine  vineger  w*^  the  caske.  xP 

ffor  one  hoggeshead  of  oatmeal  w*''  the  caske  contayninge 

.9.  bushels 

ffor  one  hoggeshead  of  salt  w**"  the  caske  contayninge  .8. 


ffor  one  hoggeshead  of  meale  w*"  the  caske  contayninge 

.8.  bushels  .3.  peck^ 

ffor  .2.  runlets  of  sallet  oyle  contayning  18.  gallons  .3. 

py nts  w*"  the  caskes 

ffor  .3.  runlets  of  aqua  vitse  contayninge  31.  gallons  di 

w*    the  caskes 

ffor  .3.  quarters  of  a  hundred  of  Castle  sope  w'"  the 


ffor  40.  payre  of  knit  stockins  of  .2.  sorts iij"       xiiij' 

XI]  ^ 









'«  Hnuix. 

■  h.ul  ??.AxY,  C^-t/u  Kcn>.Uv(>U  Sc/    fll^KC^niiXiHY 

XL  Autographs  of  John  Ferrar  found  among  his  j^rivate  papersy;^^^'^,  ./^,{  ,^ 

3.  Copy  of  a  Letter  from  Mulberry  Island,  Virginia,  1650.  ;        -.  .  i     k  \ 

1.  An  Acknowledgment,  signed.  v-      ,  -r  /        1      ., 

2.  Part  of  a  Letter  to  the  East  India  Company.  .,'  *  ''^ 





Account  RE^nr 

CIAl'tiS   FOR    i* 

,'   Throckmorton  and   Asso- 
Sk-iip,  "London  Merchant" 


^iuythS  (10),  pp.  y8-99 
\  ork  Public  Lihrary 

-rds  No.  1G2 

pa3'^d  for  a  newe  supply  into  Virginia  in  the 
the  ship  called  the  London  ra^chant,  wherin 
i> 'elder,  Tho:  Carter  Henry  Towensend  Rich- 
vhome  M'  Thorpe  chuseth  for  our  servants 


.!*.4."'yte XXXV 

Oi;  M'  UfHjrgc  t'norp«  ^.^a  lov  tus  .4.'"  pte _     xxxy" 

Of  M'  lohn  Smyth  for  liis  iiij'"  pte xxr^'" 

.giaiqaiq  sdLa^Jia(j'fei4)8^J5rfiM^iaii|<Q&  fiUBiaio'^iitHp^lo  gffqjBigoJjjA 

\v=i-'  8'    ''^\i;h)i   Throkm^tou  should    ijiive  pu.. .:     •■. 

that  he  hath  nowe  v^uit  the  ptiuu-ship   and  b a.-. ;>'■••.,  [    ' 

payd  loyntly  betwene  thom,_-..:^!"?!^'^."^^sA^.^^5"^^^  "^  ■' 

Pavments         -O^di:  ,/5ini§iiV  .Bn^IsI  -^-nsdluM  moilt  •I3JJ3J  r  ^o  yqoO  .£ 
f?or  the  transportacon  of  3  xviij^' 


fTor  six  kine  to  bee  delyu*^' 
fTor  one  hoggeshead  of  wLp 
(I'c;  Jtic  hoggeshead  of  oatn 


md  of  salt  w""  tho  crk- 

jid  of  meale  w*"  the  caske  contayninire  i 

.  ,\e \_  \ 

le  contayning  18.  gallons.  .3.  1 

i>^  dii 


knit  stocki 














<ovi  W  viu«c  MH,uUt>(,  Vkcy  civ{   Hk  1luf.>lM>(/H   VIk    C'/ifi'^^hVu  ?S  U  I 

■^       .       htiW  ia-lil!   'I*"^   »«M^   CWcl    Vltcf*.  iwtjti..,  .^I-  J5*;t^' 

!     tf  t     <ur-,(^   >     //i.7u|Ai-  (.ctfniiw/i   /tii'hr.i/i/^  ,,.,i<.  ^kct'V,,,       i'--^       ZT     r.      /    ^-r/  •  >/    /     '     t 

FEBRUARY,  1619/20  261 

170.  13  1? 

ffor  .200.  elns  of  canvas  dowlas  &  lockerom xi"  ij'         iiij"' 

ffor  .48.  dozen  of  buttons ij^         iiijd 

ffor  ij"  of  white  thread iiij' 

ffor  .2.  grosse  of  poynts iiij^ 

ffor  one  ffirkin  of  butter xx' 

ffor  hookes  and  lynes xij^ 

ffor  halfe  a  bushell  of  mustard  seed iiij^  iij"* 

ffor  garlicke ij'  y'f 

ffor  garden  seeds  of  .41.  sorts xxj^  vj'* 

ffor  .28."  of  Any  seeds xv^ 

ffor  one  pound  of  worm  seed vj'  vj'^ 

ffor  cask^  to  put  the  stuffe  in  &  portage v^         iiij"* 

ffor  fraight  for  transportacon  of  the  goods  beinge  one  1  n 

tun  di  and  a  barrell I 

The  charges  of  our  men  sent  to  London  and  in  London  I       •••„ 

till  the  ship  went I 

My  owne  stay  and  my  mans  in  London  and  my  horses  ( 

.14.  dayes  after  the  Terme i 

ffor  apparell  for  our  men  in  London liiij^  iij'' 

vSm  total — Cxxvj"  v^  viij''. 
Soe  resteth  in  M''  Smythes  hands  towards  payment  of  the  1      ,---n         ••••a         ••••d 

fraight  of  the  BristoU  shipp  w*"^  dayly  is  expected J 

Wherof  after  the  makinge  vp  of  this  Accompt  at  his  depture  | 

out  of  London  hee  delyu^ed  for  the  charge  of  the  .3.  men  [  viij^ 

for  .3.  dayes  or  more  till  the  ships  depture I 

Soe  then  finally  remayneth  in  my  hands xiij"  vj^         iiij'' 

Wherof  the  iiij^'' pte  due  to  each  ptener  is iij"  vj^         vij*^ 

W"'*'  to  each  ptener  was  payd  and  allowed  vpon  our  generall  and  mutuall  Accompts 
cast  vp  and  had  in  September  .1620.  vpon  the  depture  of  M''  Tracy  for  Virginia. 














CI.   James  Berblocke.     An  Order  to  Mr.  Ferrar 

February  25,  1619/20 

Ferrar  Papers 

Document  in  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge 

List  of  Records  No.  164 

Bought  of  Thomas  Stevens  the  25th  of  ffebruary  1619'.  for  Smiths  Hundred: 

£  s  d 

Imprimis  23  Armo"  att  17*  p  peece 19: 

Item  2  Armo"  better  then  ordinary  for  Mr  Middleton  &  his  1  ^r> . 

Sone  at  25°  p  peece J 

Itm  for  a  dryf  at 00: 

Itm  3  Layles  and  the  Cooper 00: 

Itm  paid  the  Carman 00: 

I  for  40''^  swordes  at  5^  p  peece . 10: 

The  some  is  Thirty  two  poundes  Sixe  Shillinges  and  Nyne  pence: 
Mr  Farrar  I  pray  you  pay  this  att  sight:  James  Berbloke 

CII.   William  Weldon.    A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys 
March  6,  1619/20 

Ferrar  Papers 

Document  in  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge.     Autograph  Letter,  Signed,  with  Seal 

List  of  Records  No.  166 

Harrowhattocke  the  .6**^  of  March.  1619. 

S''  May  it  please  you  to  vnderstand  that  vpon  the  lO***  of  August 
wee  set  sayle  from  Deale  &  havinge  a  faire  &  prosperous  winde  held 
our  Course  toward  the  Caribo  Islands  &  vpon  the  27*''  of  Septemb: 
fell  w*''  Metallina  &  the  .3*''  of  octob:  ancored  at  Menis  from  whence  wee 
depted  the  11*''  of  octob:  &  after  some  stormy  &  tempestuous  wether 
ariued  at  pointe  Comfort  vpon  the  29*''  of  Octob:  &  the  4*''  of  Nouemb: 
foUowinge  ancored  before  James  Citty  where  we  landed  all  our  people  in 
as  good  or  better  health  then  they  were  when  they  came  abord  a  wonder- 
full  &  miraculous  passage  the  like  whereof  hath  not  bene  knowne  since 
the  first  plantation  of  this  Country  wherein  the  lord  plainly  sheweth 
that  he  loueth  the  gates  of  Sion  more  then  all  the  dwelHng^  of  Jacob 

MARCH  6,  1619120  263 

blessed  be  his  glorious  maiesty  for  this  &  all  other  his  mercies,  &  may  his  lone 
euer  Continue  to  this  his  poore  Vine  that  the  roote  of  it  may  fill  the  land 
&  the  hills  may  be  couered  w*^  the  shadow  of  it.  And  truly  the  experience 
of  his  former  mercies  (in  preseruinge  vs  in  that  extreame  hot  Climate  in 
a  ship  so  exceedingly  pestered  assureth  me  that  he  will  doe  this  &  much 
more  for  vs  if  o'  sins  hinder  him  not.  But  honorable  S''  the  great  defects  of 
the  provisions  promised  in  England  hath  very  much  greiued  me  &  almost 
dishartened  my  whole  Company  for  whereas  the  tennantC  were  promised  + 
3.  suite  of  apell  for  euery  mann  full  amies  &  a  Competent  provision  of 
houshold  stuffe  I  finde  here  but  2  suites  of  apell  for  a  mann.  (&  one  of 
them  soe  meane  &  vnseruiceable  that  it  will  not  defend  them  from  the 
iniury  of  the  wether  w"^  hath  bene  extreame  Cold  euer  since  our  Cominge 
hether)  but  30  muskets  5.  iron  potC  &  1.  small  kettle  for  50.  menn.  To 
omit  the  promises  of  kine  &  other  thinges  (w''^  I  hope  wilbe  pformed)  our 
maine  provision  of  victualk  is  so  short  that  the  Gouernor  &  Capem^chant 
seinge  my  Inuoice  protcotcd  protested  I  had  not  a  Competent  proportion 
for  50.  menn  for  aboue  4.  monethes  havinge  only  32^  hhdC  of  meale  &  a 
small  quantity  of  oyle  &  neither  butter  Cheese  rice  oatmeale  or  any  other 
English  victualk.  In  regard  whereof  the  Gouernor  &  Counsell  thought  it 
fitt  to  put  out  the  one  halfe  of  my  Company  for  their  victualls  this  yere  & 
a  proportion  of  Corne  &  %e  Tobacco  to  victuall  &  apell  them  the  next 
yere  w'=''  I  was  Constrained  to  doe  to  my  owne  great  greife  &  the  no  small 
discontent  of  my  whole  Company.  All  w''^  inconueniencies  I  pswaded 
them  to  beare  w*^  patience  &  Cherefullnes  vntill  I  acquainted  them  w*'' 
my  restraint  of  plantinge  Tobacco  w'^^  is  a  thinge  so  distastefuU  to  them 
that  they  will  w*''  no  patience  indure  to  heare  of  it  bitterly  Complayninge 
that  they  haue  noe  other  meanes  to  furnish  themselues  w*''  aparell  for  the 
insuinge  yere  but  are  likely  as  they  say  (and  for  ought  I  Cann  see)  to  be 
starued  if  they  be  debarred  of  it.  In  regard  of  w'^^  necessity  &  to  make 
them  beare  their  present  want^  w*''  more  alacrity  &  for  that  I  am  pswaded 
it  is  a  thinge  pleasinge  to  god  that  menn  imploied  in  so  e  noble  a  busines 
should  haue  any  Christian  incoragement  I  am  bold  to  intreat  inlargement 
of  my  authority  in  that  pointe  &  haue  w*''  the  allowance  &  good  likinge 
of  the  Gouernor  giuen  them  leaue  to  plant  some  this  yere  but  will  restraine 
them  to  so  smale  a  quantity  as  possibly  I  Cann  by  inioyninge  them  to 
sett  so  much  Corne  as  they  shalbe  able  to  attend. 


The  land  apointed  for  the  Colledge  is  from  Henrico  to  the  falls  of  w"^  I 
may  say  w*^  Dauid  her  lot  is  fallen  to  her  in  a  faire  ground  shee  hath  a 
goodly  heritage  beinge  as  pleasant  &  fruitfull  a  soyle  as  any  this  land  yeel- 
deth.  But  one  of  the  best  seat^  is  already  planted  by  Captaine  Mathews 
for  the  vse  of  S'  Thomas  Midleton  &  Alderman  Johnson  &  another  Chal- 
enged  by  Thomas  Dows  by  a  graunt  from  Captaine  Argoll  one  of  them 
beinge  now  ready  for  the  plough  &  the  other  most  Conuenient  for  pasture 
both  of  them  nere  the  place  of  my  plantation  &  most  fittinge  for  my 
present  vse  The  Gouernor  whom  I  haue  founde  a  noble  fauorer  &  fur- 
therer  of  this  busines  hath  giuen  them  both  warninge  to  depte  &  take 
ground  elswhere  w"''  they  haue  hether  to  forborne  to  doe  trustinge  that  the 
company  will  Confirme  Captaine  Argoll  his  grant  W^  I  hope  you  will 
forbeare  to  doe  in  regard  these  2.  seat^  are  the  most  conuenient  &  likely 
to  proue  the  most  benificiall  for  the  present  vse  of  the  Colledge.  There  is 
small  likelyhod  of  any  profht  from  my  people  this  yere  in  regard  the 
nomber  of  them  is  but  small  &  some  of  them  Continually  imployed  in 
fetchinge  vp  our  provisions  &  the  rest  of  them  I  haue  imployed  in  build- 
inge  Conuenient  howsinge  for  themselues  &  the  vse  of  supphes  w"'^  I 
expect  of  w''''  I  found  great  want  &  they  shall  receiue  no  small  Comfort 
ffor  my  owne  pte  I  will  doe  my  vttermost  indeuour  to  make  their  labors 
profitable  howsoeuer  I  haue  hetherto  receiued  but  small  incouragement 
yet  seeinge  by  former  experience  that  god  hath  beene  good  to  Iraell  & 
beinge  vndoubtedly  pswaded  that  he  will  still  continue  to  bee  soe  I  haue 
Comforted  my  selfe  &  am  bold  to  incourage  you  to  send  such  supplies  as 
you  intended  w'=''  if  you  doe  I  pray  you  send  such  as  haue  bene  brought 
vp  to  labor  &  those  betwene  .20.  &  30.  yeres  of  age  for  old  menn  either 
hue  not  or  doe  little  seruice  in  this  Country  &  aboue  all  let  me  intreat  you 
to  send  them  well  prouided  both  of  victualls  &  aparell  for  I  Cannot  be 
suplyed  here  (vpon  any  termes)  of  such  necessaries  as  my  Company 
extreamly  wanteth  although  I  haue  both  spoken  &  sent  &  written  to  the 
Capemarchaunt  In  regard  whereof  I  haue  dealt  w*^  the  bearer  hereof 
Thomas  Smith  (beinge  one  of  the  .2.  menn  w'^'^  I  brought  ouer  for  my 
owne  vse)  who  intendeth  to  bringe  a  ship  &  menn  hether  w*^  all  Conuen- 
ient speed)  to  bringe  me  such  menn  &  necessaries  as  I  shall  want  for 
my  owne  priuate  occasions  &  to  supply  the  want  of  my  Company 
humbly   intreatinge   that  he   may   haue   a    Couiission  to    that  purpose 

APRIL  6,  10,  1620  265 

w"'"  I  hope  you  will  not  deny  vnles  some  other  order  be  taken  to  furnish 
the  Company  w*^  thingC  necessary  And  thus  not  havinge  further  to 
inlarge  humbly  Comittinge  yo""  wo''"  &  all  yo''  indevours  to  god^  mercifuU 
protection  &  direction  I  rest 

Yo"  in  all  humility  to  Comand 

WiLLM  Weldon 

[Indorsed  by  Sir  Edwin  Sandys:]  M'  William  Weldon  6  Martii  1619. 

from  Virginia 

Voiage  from  10  August  to  29  October 

The  happiest  passage  that  ever  was. 

All  alive  &  healthier  then  when  they  took  ship. 

Complaint  of  their  skant  provisions. 

Not  3.  suits  of  apparell     Error. 

Herupon  half  his  men  placed  w*''  Masters 
Constrained  necessarily  to  give  them  leve  to  plant  som  Tobacco. 
Great  praise  of  the  College  Land. 

Alderman  Johnsons  men  and  One  Dows  by  grant  from  C.  Argall  planting 
upon  part  thereof  he  desireth  they  may  be  removed. 
To  send  men  between  20  &  30. 
To  assist  his  man  Thomas  Smith. 
Answered  in  my  Letter  to  M""  G.  Thorp. 

[Addressed:]  To  the  Right  wo'"  S''  Edwine  Sand^  knight  Treasurer  of  the 
Virginia  Company  in  London 

Cin.  Sir  Thomas  Rowe,  Mr.  Leate,  Mr.  Caning,  et  al.    A  Petition 
TO  THE  Privy  Council  for  a  Patent. 

April  5,  10,  1620 

(1)  Privy  Council  Register,  James  I,  Vol.  IV,  p.  475.     (2)  Lansdowne  MSS.,  162, 

folio  159 

Document  in  (1)  Privy  Council,  London.     (2)  British  Museum,  London 

List  of  Records  No.  1G7 

The  Tobacco  farme 
The  Proiectors  desire  a  sole  importation  of  tobacco  into  England  &  Wales;  lo  April  .i620.  fo. 
a  pclamation  to  forbid  all  others  to  import  the  same,  either  by  land  or^^^ 
water;  The  phibition  of  planting  thereof  in  England  &  Wales. 


All  the  tobacco  in  Spaine  is  to  be  had  in  Sivell  in  the  kingdome  of  Spaine : 
for  in  Bilboe  &  St  Sebastians,  etc.  the  Engl,  marchats  bring  fro  thence 
cochinilo,  Indico,  wines,  fruites,  oyle,  gold  &  silver, 

[Indorsed:]  10.  April.  1620.     The  tobacco  farme. 

CIV.   William  Tracy.    A  Letter  to  John  Smyth 

April  15,  1620 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  Smyth,  16 

Document  in  New  York  Public  Library.     Autograph  Letter,  Signed 

List  of  Records  No.  169 

S''  I  was  glad  of  yo""  letter  &  y^  good  nues  of  Virginia,  but  sori  y^  ship  is 
not  retorned  god  send  her  a  hapi  Coming  &  all  ouer  bisnes  hapili  to  go 
on  to  gods  glori  &  ouer  good  there  is  a  gust  Caues  y*  I  Canot  met  at 
gloster,  as  yo  loue  me  Condem  me  not  so  do  I  intret  my  Cosin  barkli 
what  so  ever  yo  to  agre  on  I  will  Consent  vnto  be  Caues  I  am  asured  yo 
will  do  nothing  vnfitting  yo  selves  Yf  I  may  know  wher  to  met  my  cousin 
barkli  y"  first  nite  I  will  not  fayle  &  it  may  be  goe  a  long  w***  him  to 
london  Yf  not  w""  §yo§  yf  yo  go  from  ouer  parts,  but  at  london  ther 
shall  we  haue  tim  suffisient  to  determen  all  I  am  now  binding  my  men 
I  haue  at  lest  20  promised  me  y^  most  part  I  am  suer  of.  there  is  no  dout 
of  more  then  wee  men  at  this  to  Cari.  ti  all  of  yousefull  trads  so  y*  we 
may  leaue  those  y*  ar  of  lest  imployment  tel  y^  next  going  do  as  yo  plese 
w**"  S''  William  Throkmortun  I  will  do  nothing  but  as  yo  aduise  me 
Yf  I  proue  not  ferm  &  faythful  let  me  not  be  held  worthi  y''  nam  of  a 
Cristion  this  hoping  this  may  geve  yo  satisfactione  I  rest 
Yo"  in  all  asurance 

Willi  Tracy. 
15  ApriU  1620 

[Addressed:]  To  my  worthi  frind  M'  John  Smith  this  nibli 

[Indorsed:]  Mr  Tr[acys  let]ter  1620 

MAY,  1620  267 

CV.  Copy  of  Opinion  of  Counsel  upon  the  Patents  of  the 
Virginia  Company 

May,  1620 

Manchester  Papers,  No.  271 

Document  in  Public  Record  Office,  London 

List  of  Records  No.  170 

Vpon  Consideracon  of  the  patents  &  of  the  questions  move  therevpon,  I 
am  of  oppinion  as  followeth. 


That  S""  Thomas  Smithe  is  not  so  absolutely  made  Tfer  by  the  2  patent  as 
that  he  is  not  removable  by  the  lawes  &  orders  of  the  company;  either 
vpon  his  owne  Desire  to  surrender  the  place;  or  vpon  other  cause  w"*"  they 
shall  conceyve  to  be  reasonable;  ffor  although  yt  may  seeme  a  hard  expo- 
sicon  of  the  wordes  (or  other  seu^all  occasions)  that  there  wiUs  shalbe 
taken  as  an  occasion  to  remove  him;  w^^'out  expressing  any  iust  cause  in 
certeyne  yett  when  they  haue  removed  him  by  a  gen^all  consent;  it  is  not 
now  to  be  questioned  (as  I  Conceyve)  whether  they  had  lawfull  cause  or 
no;  but  there  doing^  are  to  be  holden  lawfull  &  iust:  &  §that  by§  the 
intencon  of  the  2  patent  w^'^out  any  helpe  of  the  third;  But  when  a  La  we 
(by  authority  of  the  3  patent  is  made)  at  a  gen^all  court  by  Consent  of 
the  wholl  Company  that  all  officers  shall  cease  at  such  a  tyme  &  newe  to 
be  chosen ;  that  is  byndinge,  &  makes  this  point  w^^'out  question  as  I  take  y t 


That  by  the  clause  of  the  3  patent  where  the  wordes  are  (we  do  give  & 
graunt  to  the  sayd  tfer  &  Company  &  there  successo"  foreu^  by  theis 
plntC,  that  the  sayd  tfer  &  Company  or  the  greater  nomber  of  them  so 
assembled  (viz  at  the  gen^all  quarter  Courts)  shall  &  may  haue  full  powe 
&  authority  to  choose  Councillo'^  &  officers  &  to  make  lawes  &c  That  in 
this  case  the  greater  nomber  of  the  Company  w*^out  the  tfer  may  make 
Lawes  &c:  &  that  as  well  when  there  is  no  tfer  at  all,  as  when  he  is  absent; 
ffor  as  I  do  conceyve  this  great  &  gen^all  Quarter  Court  w'^'*  is  appointed 
by  the  3  patent  onely  may  be  held  w^^out  any  tfer  at  all;  and  all  things 
are  to  be  dispatched  there  by  the  greater  nomber  of  the  company  then 
assembled,  &  that  by  the  expresse  wortes  of  the  patent;  ffor  although  the 


graunt  be  to  the  sayd  tfer  &  Company  for  the  doinge  of  theis  thinges  at 
this  Court,  yett  that  is  but  for  forme  onely,  because  all  graunt^  must  be 
made  to  them  by  there  name  of  Corporacon  &  yt  is  not  requisite  that  the 
tfer  should  be  pinte  or  haue  any  voice  in  the  makinge  of  theis  Lawes;  But 
for  the  holdinge  of  the  petty  Courts  apointed  by  the  patent,  (&  to  be 
sumoned  by  the  tfer)  the  tfer  must  be  one  by  expresse  wordes,  but  so  it 
is  not  here;  Neither  hath  the  tfer  any  negatiue  voice  in  the  makinge  of 
theis  Lawes,  nor  can  hinder  the  doinge  of  any  thinge  w"''  the  greater 
nomber  of  the  Company  at  this  gen^all  Court  will  do;  and  therefore  in 
reason  his  plnce  is  not  needfull,  the  rather  seinge  he  is  not  appointed  by 
the  patent  to  be  plnte,  as  he  is  at  the  other  Courts. 


I  am  of  oppinion  that  the  Company  (w^'^out  the  tfer)  having  power  to 
make  Lawes  at  the  gen^all  Court,  haue  also  power  to  repeall  &  abrogate 
all  or  any  former  Lawes  as  yt  seemes  they  haue  done,  for  the  Lawe  of 
repeall  is  a  Lawe  as  well  as  the  former  &  eodem  modo  quo  Constituitur 
Dissoluitur;  And  so  the  Lawes  that  were  made  for  the  degrees  of  estab- 
lishing Lawes,  &  for  eleccon  of  officers  by  the  balladinge  boxe,  though 
they  were  excellent  &  Comendable;  yett  being  repealed  by  the  same 
authority  they  were  made,  they  are  gone  &  determined 


S""  Edwin  Sandes  cannott  be  Continued  tfer  by  the  act  of  the  company 
vpon  his  former  eleccon,  for  that  is  against  the  Lawe  of  the  company  that 
all  officers  shall  cease  at  the  quarter  courte  Day  in  Easter  terme  yearely; 
but  the  Company  may  then  choose  him  anewe,  as  yt  is  likely  they  did 


I  thinke  that  the  Company  here  hath  no  power  by  the  wordes  of  the  2 
patent  either  to  punishe  or  pdon  offences  comitted  in  Virginia  especially 
in  Capitall  or  criminall  causes;  1  because  they  haue  no  power  to  pceed 
here  against  any  such  offence,  as  the  gou^no^  there  may  do;  &  yf  not  to 
pceed  against  it  then  not  to  pdon  yt;  2  although  that  graunt  of  the  patent, 
be  aswell  to  the  tfer  &  Company  &  there  successo",  as  to  the  gou^no"";  yett 
the  power  is  given  to  them  accordinge  to  the  natures  &  LimittC  of  there 
offices  &  places,  respectiuely,  that  they  shall  &  may  w*''in  the  plcinct^  of 
Virginia  or  in  the  way  by  the  seas  thither  &c:  haue  full  power  to  Correct 

MAY  1,  1620  269 

punishe  pdon  gou^ne  &  Rule  &c:  No  we  when  a  gou^no""  is  chosen  &  sent 
thither  he  hath  a  kinde  of  Regall  power  to  execute  Lawes  &  to  punishe 
offenders  there  and  also  to  pdon  them  yf  he  see  cause  &  that  by  the  wordes 
of  the  patent;  w''^  is  more  then  the  Company  can  do  here;  for  any  offence 
Comitted  here,  where  the  offence  requires  the  punishm'  of  life  or  member; 
muche  lesse  for  any  offence  done  there  (as  I  Conceyve)  because  they  are 
not  to  execute  any  Lawes  there  but  by  ther  gou9no'' ;  And  besides  so  muche 
may  be  gathered  vpon  the  wordes  of  the  3  patent  where  the  Company  are 
authorised  to  remaund  &  send  backe  offenders  to  Virginia  there  to  be 
punished  and  pceeded  against  accordinge  to  the  Lawes  there  established 
for  offences  there  comitted,  and  the  reason  is  apparant  because  that  by 
those  lawes  nor  by  any  other  they  Cannott  be  pceeded  against  here  for 
offences  done  there,  nor  pdoned  here  when  they  are  pceeded  against  there; 
And  so  I  thinke  that  for  all  matters  wherein  the  gou9no'"  may  pceed  there 
by  lawes  there  established,  &  for  matters  pp  to  his  Gou9nem*',  the  Company 
here  haue  no  power  to  Controll  his  actC:  And  the  clause  of  the  3  patent 
whereby  the  Company  are  authorised  either  to  punishe  misbehauio" 
or  Contempts  or  to  send  the  offendo"  to  Virginia  to  be  punished  is  to 
taken  seu9ally  &  distributiue  reddendo  singula  singulis;  that  is  for  offences 
that  are  coinitted  against  the  company  here  (&  against  w"''  they  may 
pceed)  they  may  punishe  the  offenders  here;  But  for  offences  done  in 
Virginia  against  the  peculiar  Lawes  there  established  for  that  gou9nem', 
they  must  send  the  offendo"  thither  to  be  punished  or  not  at  all ;  and  being 
pceeded  against  there  by  those  Lawes,  they  are  not  to  be  pdoned  here; 
And  this  I  take  to  be  the  playne  meaninge  of  both  the  patents  touching 
this  point. 

[Indorsed:]  Opinion  vpon  Virginia  patent. 

CVI.   Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar 
May  1,  1620 

Ferrar  Papers 
Document  m  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge.     Autograph  Letter,  Signed,  with  Seal 

List  of  Records  No.  171 
Good  M^  fferrar:  I  have  not  heard  from  y"  since  I  saw  y"  w^'^  assures  me 
/■^  have  ben  thoroughly  wrought:  &  how  could  it  be  otherwise?     But  I 
heard  (w^i^  contented  me)  first  by  M^  Bluet  &  My  Cosen  David  Sandys, 

1282—33 I'J 


who  have  been  here  these  3  dayes,  &  since  by  Captain  Wilkins,  who  came 
this  morning,  that  y"  were  very  well.  We  expected  this  morning,  that  the 
Bonaventure  would  have  been  come  about:  now  they  expect  hir  this 
evening.  And  till  then  I  am  told  that  I  may  not  stirr  from  hence,  by 
reason  of  som  writings  w*"^  must  have  my  hand  unto  them,  ffor  as  for 
my  owne  letters,  they  are  readie  to  an  haire:  having  spent  in  a  manner 
all  my  tyme  here,  in  writing  letters  &  Directions,  to  &  for  Virginia,  flfor 
I  have  left  neither  person,  nor  thing  unanswered:  nor  omitted  anie  thing 
to  the  best  of  my  understanding,  w"''  might  serve  for  advancement  of  the 
busines.  So  carefull  have  I  been  to  be  no  example  of  negligence:  w''^  I 
knowe  o""  people  there  would  be  too  prone  to  imitate.  This  I  knowe  y" 
will  hold  for  a  iust  cause,  &  no  excuse,  of  my  abode  here  longer  then  I 
before  had  purposed.  But  would  to  God  there  were  no  other  cause  then 
that.  Then  should  I  be  free  from  as  much  sorroe,  care,  &  feare,  as  I  ever 
endured  for  anie  one  thing  in  my  life. 

ffor  my  wife  by  reason  of  a  fever,  w''*'  seazed  on  hir  last  thursday,  hath 
had  such  an  inflammation  on  the  one  side  of  hir  neck,  that  it  §hath§ 
excoriated  hir  throte  on  the  inside,  w'=''  is  most  dangerous  for  hir  life. 
And  although  I  humbly  thank  God,  we  hope  it  beginneth  §now§  to  hele: 
yet  dooth  it  deprive  hir  (beeing  w*''  chyld)  of  all  strengthning  nourish- 
ment, &  thereby  is  as  dangerous  to  hir  &  hirs  another  way.  Twice  she 
hath  been  let  blood,  &  one  tyme  purged:  w"*"  §also§  encreaseth  hir  weaknes. 

All  w*^*"  notwithstanding,  such  &  so  strong  is  hir  affection,  that  she  will  by 
no  meanes  §be§  persuaded  to  stay  behynd  me:  so  that  on  Thursday  God 
permitting  we  set  out,  entending  to  take  leysure,  &  make  it  three  days 
woork.  I  have  enlarged  to  y"  these  particulars,  that  y"  may  thoroughly 
free  me  from  blame.  Besides  in  verification  of  the  Italian  Proverb,  II 
mal  non  viene  mai  scompagnato;  my  Coachman  going  one  eevening  to 
Sandwich,  &  falling  into  the  hands  of  thiefs,  was  so  grievously  beaten  & 
wounded  that  hetherto  we  have  very  small  hope  of  his  life:  though  he  be 
dayly  looked  to  by  a  good  physitian  &  surgeon:  w'^''  enforceth  me  to  be 
bold  w*^  som  of  my  neighbo"  to  borroe  one.  Howsoever,  if  I  be  alive, 
looke  for  me  on  Saturday.  Mean  tyme,  I  pray  y"  keep  Wendsday  Coort: 
though  for  no  other  busines,  yet  to  revive  the  three  Committees  set  on 
foot  before  Easter. 

MAY  7,  1620  271 

The  first,  for  examination  of  the  Acts  of  the  Generall  Assembly  in  Virginia. 

The  second,  for  the  prizes  unpaid,  &  monie  unbrought  in  of  the  Great 
Standing  Lottarie. 

The  third,  for  all  the  Debts  yet  due  by  the  Companie. 

On  the  same  day  I  pray  y"  also  not  to  faile,  to  begin  yo'  Accounts  of  this 
yeare  w*^  the  Auditors:  (for  so  is  the  order:)  ffor  when  yo"  are  finished, 
myne  will  hold  them  but  one  hower. 

I  trust  y"  have  taken  order  w*^  M''  Barbor,  to  be  here  by  this  Day  fort- 
night at  farthest:  that  so  all  o'  Accounts  may  be  made  clere  &  perfect. 

I  would  be  glad  that  my  L.  of  Southampton  knew  the  necessitie  of  this 
my  stay  here,  to  stop  such  suggestions  as  my  unfrends  may  make.     So 
w*''  hartiest  commendation  to  y"  &  all  yo",  I  rest  also 
Yo"  assured 

Edwin  Sandys 
Northborn  1.  Maij:  1620. 

[Indorsed  by  Nich  Ferrar:]  from  S""  Ed"  Sandis  dated  the  1.  May  iU9  1620. 
[Addressed  by  self:]  To  my  very  woorthie  frend  M""  John  Ferrar,  at  his 
House  in  S'  Sithes  Lane  in  London,  w**"  speed,  to  hast  the  deliveri  hereof 
w**"  all  speed  possible. 

CVII.  Indenture  assigning  Sir  William  Throckmorton's  Share  of 
Berkeley  Hundred  to  William  Tracy 

May  7,  1620 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  Smyth  3  (20),  pp.  100-102 

Docmnent  in  New  York  Public  Library 

List  of  Records  No.  172 

[100]  This  Indenture  made  the  seventh  day  of  May.  1620.  in  the  xviij*'"  yeare 
of  the  raigne  of  our  sou9aigne  lord  king  James  of  England  ff ranee  and  Ireland 
and  of  Scotland  the  liij*''  Betwene  S""  Wiltm  Throkm9ton  of  Clowerwall  in 
the  County  of  Glouc  knight  and  baronet  of  the  one  pte  And  Wiltm  Tracy 


of  Hayles  in  the  said  county  Escb  of  the  other  pte.  Wheras  the  said 
S'  WilTm  Throkm9ton  S'  George  Yardley  knight  Richard  Berkley  Esqj 
George  Thorpe  Es%  and  John  Smyth  gen.  did  pcure  from  the  Treasorer 
and  company  of  Adventurers  and  planters  of  the  city  of  London  for  the 
first  Collony  in  Virginia  by  the  advise  and  consent  of  the  Counsell  of  the 
same  One  Indenture  of  Covenants  and  grants  sealed  w*^  their  Comon 
seale  bearinge  date  the  third  day  of  ffebruary  in  the  xvj*''  yeare  of  his 
mat'*^  said  raigne  of  England  and  of  Scotland  the  lij*''  for  their  better 
enabhnge  and  incouragement  for  plantacon  in  Virginia  aforesaid  And  for 
dyu^s  other  causes  purposes  and  intents  As  in  and  by  the  same  Indenture 
more  at  large  it  doth  and  may  appeare.  And  wheras  in  pursute  of  the 
said  Indenture  of  Covenants  and  of  the  intents  and  purposes  aforesaid 
one  ship  was  in  September  last  past  sent  for  the  causes  aforesaid  from  the 
port  of  Bristoll  into  Virginia  at  the  sole  charges  of  them  the  said  S''  WilTm 
Richard  Berkley  George  Thorpe  &  John  Smyth  w**"  forty  psons  or  ther- 
abouts  furnished  at  their  charges  w*^  all  things  necessary  and  convenient 
for  plantacon,  whose  safe  arryvall  in  Virginia  is  from  thence  certifyed  by 
the  gou^nor  and  secretary  of  the  said  land  of  Virginia.  Nowe  this  Inden- 
ture witnesseth  that  the  said  S""  Wiltm  Throkm9ton  for  and  in  Consideracon 
of  the  some  of  75"  of  lawfull  mony  of  England  well  and  truly  before  hand 
payd  by  the  said  Wiltm  Tracy  wherof  the  said  S'  WilTm  Throkm9ton  doth 
acknowledge  the  receipt  by  theis  pisent^  And  for  dyu^s  other  good  causes 
and  consideracons  him  theirvnto  especially  movinge  hath  given  granted 
assigned  and  set  over  And  by  theis  plenty  doth  give  grant  assigne  and  set 
over  vnto  the  said  WilTm  Tracy  his  executors  adm"  and  assignes  All  and 
singuler  the  interest  benefit  pperty  and  advantage  whatsoever  w'^''  he  the 
said  S''  WilTm  Throkm9ton  nowe  hath  or  by  any  wayes  or  meanes  whatsoeu^ 
shall  or  may  have  or  make  of  from  by  or  by  reason  of  the  said  Indenture 
or  of  any  grant  [101]  clause  covenant  sentence  or  agreement  therin  contayned 
eyther  for  the  plsent  or  hereafter  to  come,  And  also  of  in  and  to  all  and 
every  Article  covenant  grant  and  agreement  at  any  tyme  heretofore  any 
manner  of  wayes  had  or  made  by  or  betwene  them  the  said  S""  WilTm 
Throkm9ton  S""  George  Yardley  Richard  Berkley  George  Thorpe  and  John 
Smyth  and  one  John  Woodleefe  or  any  some  or  more  of  them.  And  all 
and  whatsoever  benefitt  profit  power  authority  or  advantage  that  any 
manner  of  wayes  shaU  or  may  or  should  or  might  happen  accrewe  or  arise 

MAY  7,  1620  273 

therby  or  by  fease»  reason  therof  to  him  the  said  S""  Wiltm  Throkm9ton  his 
executors  or  admynistrators  of  theis  p^sents  were  not  or  had  not  bene  had 
or  made.  And  also  all  and  every  share  and  shares  bill  or  bills  of  Adventure 
priviledge  power  iurisdiction  lands  or  Territoryes  profits  or  comodyties 
w"^  hee  the  said  S'  Wiltm  Throkm9ton  hath  or  may  or  might  hereafter  have 
or  Intend  to  have  for  or  by  reason  of  the  same,  Togeather  also  w*""  the  said 
Indentures  and  bill  or  bills  of  Adventure  pryviledge  or  endowment.  And 
further  the  said  S'  Wiltm  Throkm9ton  doth  hereby  declare  himselfe  to  be 
contented  and  pleased  (as  far  as  in  him  lyeth)  That  the  said  Indenture 
first  recyted  shall  or  may  be  surrendred  and  a  newe  to  be  taken  w**"  omis- 
sion of  the  name  of  him  the  said  S''  WilTm  Throkm9ton  as  to  the  said  Wiltm 
Tracy  and  the  residue  of  the  ptners  shall  be  thought  fit.  And  further  the 
said  S''  Wiltm  Throkm9ton  doth  hereby  give  power  and  authority  to  the 
said  Wiltm  Tracy  his  executors  and  assignes  to  aske  receyve  and  take  for 
him  and  in  his  name  to  the  sole  vse  and  benefit  of  him  the  said  Wiltm 
Tracy  his  executors  adm"  and  assignes  All  and  whatsoever  goods  m9chan- 
dizes  or  profits  w"''  eyther  already  are  arryved  or  w"^  hereafter  shall  arryve 
or  come  into  the  kingdome  of  England  from  the  said  land  of  Virginia,  or 
w"''  is  are  or  shall  bee  in  the  said  land  of  Virginia  wherin  the  said  S''  Wiltm 
is  or  shall  be  interessed  And  further  doth  hereby  grant  and  assigne  to  the 
said  Wiltm  Tracy  all  the  benefit  advantage  and  demaund  w"^  hee  the  said 
S''  Wiltm  any  wayes  hath  or  may  p!tend  to  have  of  in  or  to  any  servant  or 
servants  heretofore  sent  into  Virginia  as  aforesaid,  or  of  in  or  to  any 
Indenture  or  Covenant  wherby  all  or  any  of  such  servants  are  or  stand 
bound  to  him  the  said  S""  Wiltm  Joyntly  or  severally.  And  finally  the  said 
S""  Wiltm  Throkm9ton  doth  hereby  Covenant  and  promise  to  doe  any  other 
or  further  Act  for  the  better  grantinge  and  transferringe  over  to  him  the 
said  Wiltm  Tracy  his  executors  or  assignes  all  or  any  thinge  or  thinges 
whatsoever  herein  contayned  or  meant  or  intended  hereby  or  by  reason 
hereof  to  be  granted  transferred  covenanted  convayed  or  [102]  contayned, 
or  which  may  arise  redowne  or  come  to  him  by  reason  of  any  contract  bar- 
gayne  or  agreement  made  by  or  amongst  them  the  said  S""  Wiltm  Richard 
George  John  Smyth  and  John  Woodleefe  or  any  of  them  or  of  or  by  their 
ptenership.  And  for  pformance  of  all  and  every  the  said  Covenants 
agreements  and  plmisses  herein  contayned  the  said  S"'  Wiltm  Throkm9ton 
bindeth  himselfe  his  executors  and  adm"  to  the  said  Wiltm  Tracy  in  the 


penall  some  of  threescore  and  ten  pounds.  In  witnes  wherof  the  ptyes 
abovesaid  to  theis  i^sent?  have  Enterchangeably  put  their  hands  and 
seales  the  day  and  yeare  first  above  written. 

CVIII.  Alderman  Johnson.    A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys 

May  16,  1620 

Ferrar  Papers 

Document  in  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge.     Autograph  Letter,  Signed 

List  of  Records  No.  173 

^oru  gr  J  pray  you  take  knowledge,  that  the  base  price  of  ij^  the  pownd 
for  the  magazines  §old§  tobacc°,  w''*'  I  badd  the  other  Daie  by  the  Candle, 
was  intended  by  me  fo""  the  Companye  hopinge  some  others  would  haue 
owtbidden,  but  seeing  it  so  feU  to  my  offer,  no  man  biddinge  more,  and 
that  the  Company  yesterday  confirmed  that,  at  ijs,  and  the  rotten  to  me 
at  xijd,  allthowghe  (so  god  help  me)  I  knowe  not  what  to  doe  w**"  it  not 
wher  to  sel  it  yet  for  as  muche  as  I  am  deeply  ingaged  in  the  Customhowse 
to  the  somme  of  900"  for  Impost  &  Custome  and  otherwise  in  bond  for 
the  magazine  w''^  by  this  sale  that  dayes  sale  must  be  discharged  and  for 
that  the  time  of  free  shipping  owt  expires  w^'^in  thes  10  Dayes  I  am  content 
to  accept  it  and  to  Adventure  it  into  the  s*  *  *  *  streight^  and  so 
an  end  of  that 

As  for  M''  Caning^  as  2^,  5**  w''''  nowe  the  Company  with  holds,  I  cowld 
wishe  he  might  haue  it,  being  bowght  fayrlie  by  the  candle  as  also  fearing, 
as  experience  hath  tawght  us  we  shall  sell  it  for  lesse  hear  after,  if  not  yet 
I  pray  you  be  a  means  to  let  him  haue  a  third  of  it  as  the  rest  shalbe  sold, 
w*=''  is  a  fayer  course  and  I  suppose  will  well  content  him  and  so  we  shall 
come  allso  to  rightf  w*^  him  for  that  w"^*"  he  oweth,  &  so  I  rest  yo' 
loueing  frend 

RoBT  Jhonson 
16  May  1620. 

[Indorsed  by  Sir  Edwin  Sandys:]  M'  Alderman  Johnson  16.  Maij:  1620. 
[Addressed  by  Alderman  Johnson:]  To  the  right  wo'"  S"'  Edwyn  Sandes 
Knight  Treasurer  for  Virginia     DD. 

MAY  17,  1620  275 

CIX.  "Treasuror,  Councell,  and  Company  for  Virginia." 
A  Broadside 

May  17,  1620 

A  Broadside.     Printed 

Document  in  New  York  Public  Library 

List  of  Records  No.  174 

By  the  Treasurer,  Councell  and  Company  for  Virginia. 

THE  Treasurer,  Councell  and  Company  for  Virginia,  to  the  Gouernour 
of  Virginia,  and  the  Councell  of  Estate  there  residing,  Greeting.  We  haue 
to  our  great  griefe  receiued  aduertisement  of  the  mortality,  which  this  last 
yeere  hath  there  wrought  vpon  the  People,  to  the  consumption  of  diuers 
hundreds,  and  almost  the  vtter  destruction  of  some  particular  Plantations. 
And  although  we  cannot  herein  but  with  much  humility  acknowledge  the 
iust  finger  of  Almighty  God,  by  this  seuerity  of  chastisement,  to  recall  vs 
and  you  from  those  grieuous  transgressions,  which  draw  downe,  euen  from 
clemency  itself e,  such  necessary  punishments;  and  accordingly  aduise  you, 
together  with  our  selues,  to  humble  vs  in  due  contrition,  before  his  mercifull 
hand;  and  by  future  amendment,  in  better  attending  the  Diuine  worship, 
and  more  carefully  obseruing  his  holy  and  iust  Lawes,  to  worke  a  recon- 
ciliation, and  to  entreate  the  renewing  of  his  most  gracious  fauour  towards 
vs.  Yet  obseruing  on  the  other  side,  that  this  mortality  hath  proceeded 
from  a  disease  in  it  selfe  not  mortall,  and  accordingly  hath  most  wrought 
vpon  the  new  Plantations,  who  (contrary  to  our  hopes  and  intended  pro- 
uisions)  were  destitute  of  those  meanes,  which  should  haue  reUeued  and 
cherished  them  in  their  weakenesse  and  sicknesse,  of  which  the  ancienter 
Inhabitants  being  prouided,  did  recover:  We  therfore,  according  vnto  our 
place  and  Christian  duty,  taking  into  our  carefull  considerations  the 
redresse  and  preuention  of  these  defects  in  all  future  times:  That  both  the 
Colony  may  better  attend  the  seruice  of  God,  and  that  the  people  now  sent, 
and  which  hereafter  shall  come,  may  be  the  better  prouided  against  that, 
and  the  hke  sicknesses,  (seing  in  the  health  of  the  People,  consisteth  the 
very  life,  strength,  encrease,  and  prosperity  of  the  whole  generall  Colony) 
doe  with  mature  deliberation  and  vnanime  consent,  ordaine  and  estabhsh 
as  hereafter  followeth. 


First,  we  ordaine  and  require,  that  in  conuenient  time,  after  the  sight 
and  pubUcation  hereof,  the  foure  ancient  generall  Burroughs,  called  lames 
City,  Henrico,  Charles  City,  and  Kicowian,  (which  hereafter  shall  be  called 
Elizabeth  City,  by  the  name  of  his  Maiesties  most  vertuous  and  renowned 
Daughter,)  as  also  the  other  seuerall  particular  Plantations,  shall  each  of 
them,  at  their  common  charge,  labour,  and  industry,  frame,  build,  and 
perfect,  with  all  things  thereto  belonging,  a  common  house,  to  bee  called 
a  Guest  house,  for  the  lodging  and  entertaining  of  fifty  persons  in  each, 
vpon  their  first  arriuall.  Of  which  houses,  to  be  raised  in  due  and  whole- 
some places,  each  shall  be  sixteene  foot  broad  within,  and  nine  score  foot 
long,  (vnlesse  it  seeme  good  to  diuide  that  length  into  two  houses:)  And 
in  each  of  them  shall  be  set  vp  all  along  on  the  one  side,  fiue  and  twenty 
Bedsteads  of  foure  foot  broad,  sixe  foot  long,  and  two  foot  height  from  the 
ground  in  equall  distance,  and  with  partitions  of  Boords  betweene  them: 
And  there  shall  be  raised  in  each  of  the  in  conuenient  places,  fiue 
Chimnies.  These  houses  we  also  require  to  be  strongly  built  for  continu- 
ance, with  windowes  well  placed  for  wholesomnes  of  aire.  And  although 
it  were  reason  that  each  Burrough  should  beare  the  charge  of  such  an  house 
entirely,  being  for  the  health  and  safety  of  their  people:  Yet  for  their 
better  encouragement,  we  haue,  and  by  these  presents  doe  grant  and  giue 
to  each  Burrough,  in  consideration  and  aide  of  that  worke,  two  Kine  or 
Heifers,  to  be  deliuered  at  our  charges,  for  the  beginning  of  a  stocke  of 
cattell,  for  their  common  or  Burrough  Land,  by  vs  formerly  granted. 
And  to  the  end  that  the  People,  both  present  and  to  come,  may  be 
faithfully  brought  vp  in  the  true  knowledge  and  seruice  of  Almighty  God, 
and  so  learne  to  frame  their  Hues  and  conuersations,  as  not  onely,  not  to 
prouoke  the  Diuine  indignation,  which  pursueth  the  faithlesse  and  diso- 
bedient soules  by  sundry  kinds  of  punishment  to  euerlasting  destruction: 
but  also  by  their  good  example,  to  allure  the  Heathen  people  to  submit 
themselues  to  the  Scepter  of  Gods  most  righteous  and  blessed  Kingdome, 
and  so  finally  to  ioyne  with  them  in  the  true  Christian  profession :  We  doe 
hereby  ordaine  and  require,  that  in  euery  Burrough  there  be  prouided  and 
placed  at  the  least  one  godly  and  learned  Minister,  to  be  chosen  in  each 
particular  Plantation  by  the  seuerall  Aduenturers  and  Planters;  And  for 
the  foure  ancient  Burroughs,  to  be  prouided  and  nominated  by  vs,  and  our 
Successors;  As  also  for  the  Tenants  and  Inhabitants  of  the  Companies 

MAY  17,16m  277 

Land  wheresoeuer:  Leauing  alwaies  to  the  Gouernour  to  prouide  a  Minister 
for  his  Tenants,  and  to  the  Colledge  for  theirs.  All  which  Ministers  and 
their  Successors,  we  earnestly  pray  and  require  to  apply  themselues  with 
all  diligence,  to  the  training  vp  of  their  charge  in  the  way  of  righteousnesse, 
as  the  same  is  now  professed,  and  by  Law  established  in  this  Church  of 
England,  and  other  his  Maiesties  Dominions,  auoiding  all  factions,  and 
needlesse  Nouelties,  tending  onely  to  the  disturbance  of  peace  and  vnity. 
And  whereas  we  haue  ordained  heretofore,  that  one  hundred  acres  of 
Glebe  land  be  set  out  and  allotted  for  euery  Minister,  besides  other  profits 
out  of  the  Inhabitants  encrease :  We  doe  hereby  also  ordaine,  that  the  said 
Ministers  be  furnished,  each  with  sixe  Tenants,  towards  the  occupying  of 
his  Glebe  land:  which  sixe,  for  the  Ministers  belonging  to  the  publike 
lands;  that  is  to  say,  the  Gouernours,  Colledges,  and  Companies  Land, 
shall  bee  sent  and  furnished  wholly  at  the  common  charges  of  the  Company. 
And  for  the  Burroughs,  as  well  the  ancient,  as  those  of  particular  Planta- 
tions, the  Company  is  content  to  furnish  out  at  their  charges,  three  Tenants 
for  each,  vpon  condition  that  the  seuerall  Burroughs  furnish  out  three 
more:  which  sixe,  for  each  Minister  being  once  so  furnished,  the  Ministers 
themselues  shall  be  afterwards  charged  each  to  maintaine  that  number  at 
the  least,  and  so  to  leaue  them  to  his  Successor. 

And  for  as  much  as  it  is  apparant  to  all  vnderstanding  minds,  that  the 
wealth,  happinesse  and  stability  of  each  particular  Estate,  is  founded 
vpon  the  strength  and  prosperity  of  the  publike,  (the  publike  hauing  been 
of  late  yeeres  wholly  decayed  and  ruined,  to  the  inestimable  losse  and 
detriment  of  the  whole  Plantation,  we  haue  carefully  endcuoured  to  restore 
and  set  vp  in  greater  height  than  euer,  as  by  the  supplies  of  sixe  hundred 
persons  for  publike  vse,  now,  and  lately  sent,  will  manifestly  appeare:)  We 
therfore  vpon  assured  trust  and  confidence,  that  not  onely  your  selues, 
the  Gouernour  and  Councell,  but  the  whole  body  of  the  Colonic,  and  euery 
member  therof,  taking  into  due  consideration,  how  much  the  life  and 
health  of  the  publike  Tenants  may  import  them  all,  as  well  for  their  ease 
of  publike  burthens,  as  for  support  of  publike  Justice,  good  order  &  gouern- 
ment,  will  by  all  meanes  apply  themselues  to  the  entertaining  and  prouiding 
for  them  so  vpon  their  first  arriuall,  as  that  not  onely  their  hues  and  healths 
bee  not  indangered  as  heretofore;  but  that  also  they  may  cheerfully  set 
in  hand,  with  the  workes  and  labours  directed  and  prepared  for  them;  doe 


earnestly  pray  and  require  both  you,  and  them  all,  that  all  other  businesse 
of  lesse  importance  laid  aside,  they  immediatly  affoord  all  possible  assist- 
ance, for  the  raising  of  houses  and  conuenient  lodgmgs  for  them,  with 
other  necessary  relief e  and  succour:  Wherein  whatsoeuer  they  shall  doe 
louingly  and  freely  of  their  owne  voluntary  accord,  we  shall  with  due 
thankes  accept  it  at  their  hands,  (desiring  that  particular  notice  be  giuen 
to  vs  thereof)  and  for  that  which  is  to  be  done  by  them,  aboue  that  pro- 
portion, there  shall  be  recompence  made  of  as  many  dayes  workes  by  those 
publike  Tenants,  at  the  next  possible  opportunity;  thinking  it  equall  neither 
to  refuse  any  helpe  for  the  pubUke,  nor  yet  to  charge  the  priuate  aboue  their 
contents  and  abihties.  And  although  we  haue  absolute  power  deriued 
from  his  Maiesty,  to  establish  and  enioyne  by  order  the  performance 
hereof:  yet  seeing  this  aide  is  to  bee  yeelded  but  this  once,  (the  publike 
Tenants  being  henceforward  to  prepare  for  all  new  suppHes)  we  haue 
thought  better  by  request,  to  try  the  loue  of  the  Colony,  than  their 
obedience  by  command. 

Lastly,  for  as  much  as  it  is  become  very  apparant  (which  we  haue  often 
heretofore  foreseene  and  forewarned)  that  the  applying  so  altogether  the 
planting  of  Tobacco,  and  the  neglect  of  other  more  soUd  commodities, 
haue  not  only  redounded  to  the  great  disgrace  of  the  Countrey,  and  detri- 
ment of  the  Colony;  but  doth  also  in  point  of  profit,  greatly  deceiue  them 
which  haue  trusted  to  it:  We  therefore  endeuouring  to  reforme  this  errour, 
and  to  restore  due  reputation  to  that  Land  and  people,  haue  with  great 
care  and  charge  (assisted  also  with  some  particular  Plantations)  endeuoured 
to  set  vp  sundry  reall  Commodities,  and  other  some  we  haue  thought  fit 
to  recommend  to  your  care  to  prosecute.  First,  Iron,  being  of  most 
necessary  vse  for  the  Colony.  For  the  making  whereof,  we  now  furnish 
out  150.  persons,  to  set  vp  three  Iron-workes,  with  all  Materials  and  other 
prouisions  therunto  belonging.  Secondly,  for  Cordage;  we  much  com- 
mend the  order  taken  by  your  selues,  for  the  planting  of  Silk-grasse  there 
naturally  growing,  which  we  desire  may  be  in  the  greatest  abundance 
possible,  as  conceiuing  it  to  be  of  chiefe  importance  both  for  vse  and  profit. 
Thirdly,  for  Pitch  and  Tarre,  we  aduise  and  require,  that  the  Polackers  be 
returned  in  part  to  these  their  works,  with  such  other  assistance  as  shall 
be  necessary.  The  like  we  shall  desire  for  Pot-ashes  and  Sope-ashes,  when 
there  shall  be  fit  store  of  hands  to  assist  them:  Requiring  in  the  meane 

MAY  17,  1620  279 

time,  that  care  be  generally  taken,  that  Seruants  and  Apprentices  be  so 
trained  vp  in  these  works,  as  that  the  skill  doe  not  perish  together  with  the 
Masters.  The  Fourth  commodity  recommended,  is  Timber  of  all  sorts, 
with  Masts,  Plancks,  and  Boards,  for  prouisions  of  shipping,  and  sundry 
other  Materials  of  much  vse  and  benefit.  And  to  the  ease  and  encrease 
of  diuers  of  those  works,  prouision  is  now  sent,  for  the  erecting  of  Samng- 
Milles,  which  may  fill  the  whole  Colony  also  with  Plancks  and  Boards,  to 
their  great  ease  and  helpe  in  setting  vp  their  Buildings.  The  fifth,  is  Silke, 
for  which  that  Countrey  is  exceeding  proper,  hauing  innumerable  store  of 
Mulhery  trees  of  the  best.  For  the  setting  vp  of  which  commodity,  his 
Maiesty  hath  been  graciously  pleased,  now  the  second  time  (the  former 
hauing  miscarried)  to  bestow  vpon  the  Company  plenty  of  Silk-worme-feed 
of  his  owne  store,  being  the  best  to  be  had;  which  together  with  such  other, 
as  from  other  places  we  could  procure,  we  haue  sent  to  you  by  the  DVTY, 
at  a  seasonable  time  of  the  yere ;  requiring  the  same  to  be  dispersed  amongst 
the  Colony,  with  order  for  the  vsing  therof,  and  especially  to  keep  the 
Wormes  from  the  aire  of  Tobacco,  which  is  mortall  to  them.  The  sixth  is 
Vines,  whereof  the  Countrey  yeeldeth  naturally  great  store,  and  of  diuers 
sorts,  which  by  culture  will  bee  brought  to  excellent  perfection.  For  the 
effecting  whereof,  diuers  skilfull  Vignerons  heretofore,  and  some  now  are 
sent,  with  store  also  from  hence  of  Vine-plants  of  the  best  sort.  And 
here  by  the  way  we  aduise  and  desire,  that  Men  of  those  Sciences,  which 
are  not  naturall  to  vs,  be  extraordinarily  cherished  and  encouraged  in  their 
workes:  seeing  if  they  should  faile,  it  would  be  difficult  to  supply  them. 
The  last  commodity,  but  not  of  least  importance  for  health,  is  Salt:  the 
workes  whereof  hauing  been  lately  suffered  to  decay ;  we  now  intending  to 
restore  in  so  great  plenty,  as  not  onely  to  serue  the  Colony  for  the  present, 
but  as  is  hoped,  in  short  time,  the  great  fishings  on  those  Coasts  (a  matter 
of  inestimable  aduancement  to  the  Colony)  doe  vpon  mature  deliberation 
ordaine  as  followeth:  First,  that  you  the  Gouernour  and  Councell,  doe 
chuse  out  of  the  Tenants  for  the  Company,  20.  fit  persons  to  be  imployed 
in  Salt  workes,  which  are  to  be  renewed  in  Smiths  Hand,  where  they  were 
before;  as  also  in  taking  of  Fish  there,  for  vse  of  the  Colony,  as  in  former 
time  was  also  done.  These  20.  shall  be  furnished  out  at  the  first,  at  the 
charges  of  the  Company,  with  all  implements  and  instruments  necessary 
for  those  workes.     They  shall  haue  also  assigned  to  each  of  them,  for 


their  occupation  or  vse,  50.  acres  of  Land,  within  the  same  Hand,  to  be 
the  Land  of  the  Company.  The  one  moyty  of  Salt,  Fish,  and  profits  of 
the  Land,  shall  be  for  the  Tenants,  and  the  other  for  vs  the  Company,  to 
be  deliuered  into  our  Store:  and  this  contract  shall  be  to  continue  for  fiue 
yeeres.  Wee  doe  also  hereby  grant  and  ordaine,  that  if  any  of  the  old 
Burroughs,  or  other  particular  Plantations,  shall  be  pleased  to  concurre 
in  the  same  workes  of  making  Salt,  and  taking  Fish,  they  shall  be  admitted 
thereunto  to  the  number  of  twenty  persons  or  vnder,  for  euery  Burrough 
or  Plantation,  with  the  like  Grants  as  before,  &  with  the  same  Diuisions  of 
profit,  betweene  them  and  their  Landlords,  as  is  before  set  downe  betweene 
the  Company  and  their  Tenants.  These  being  the  commodities  (for 
Corne  and  Cattell  we  passe  ouer,  being  onely  for  sustenance  of  the  people) 
which  we  desire  to  haue  set  vp  with  all  care  and  diligence,  as  well  for 
necessary  vse  and  profit,  as  for  the  honour  and  reputation  of  the  Countrey 
and  Colony;  and  for  the  aduancing  of  which,  we  haue  spared  neither  care 
nor  cost,  which  on  our  parts  was  requisite  to  our  best  vnderstandings :  It 
remaineth,  that  we  earnestly  pray  and  desire  you,  that  you  also  on  your 
parts  correspond  with  vs  in  the  like.  And  if  any  thing  (as  in  so  manifold 
businesse)  shall  happen  on  our  behalfe,  to  haue  been  omitted  or  vnprouided, 
that  you  endeuour  to  supply  it  with  all  such  helpe  as  may  there  be  had: 
For  vnworthy  he  were  to  be  a  member  of  that  body,  that  would  not  lend 
his  hand  to  the  setting  vp  of  workes  so  necessary  and  profitable,  and  whereof 
himself e  may  in  short  time  be  a  partaker.  And  whatsoeuer  in  that  kind 
shall  bee  done  through  our  desire,  we  assure  you,  shall  be  acknowledged 
and  recompenced  by  vs  to  their  iust  content.  Giuen  in  a  great  and  generall 
Court  held  for  Virginia,  the  17.  day  of  May,  1620.  and  in  the  yeere  of  the 
Raigne  of  our  Soueraigne  Lord  lames,  by  the  grace  of  God,  King  of  England, 
Scotland,  France,  and  L'eland,  Defender  of  the  Faith,  &c.  viz.  of  England, 
Scotland,  France  and  Ireland  the  eighteenth,  and  of  Scotland  the  three 
and  fiftieth. 

God  saue  the  King. 

TRINITY  TERM,  1620  281 

ex.  Virginia  Company  vs  William  Wye.     Complaints 
Trinity  Term,  1620 

Admiralty  Court,  Instance  &  Prize,  Libels  80,  Nos.  121-124 

Document  in  the  Public  Record  Office,  London.     Accompanying  Documents  are 

published  above:  Numbers  LIV  and  LV 

List  of  Records  No.  149 


Nomine.  Amen.  Coram  vobis  venerat  et  eg  *  *  *  dno  Henrico 
Marten  milite  legum  dcore  supreme  Curie  Admiralitatis  Anglie  locum 
tenente  [judice]  sive  president  *  *  *  ye  *  *  *  procurato  *  *  * 
quecunq^  *  *  *  Thesaurarius  et  societas  *  *  *  tatorum  et  planta- 
torum  Ciuitat^     London  pro  prima  Colonia  in  Virginia     *     *     *     comp 

*  *  *  Wiltmum  Wye  nunc  vel  nup  magistrum  navis  vocat  the  Garland 
de  London     *     *     *     melioribus  et  efficacioribus  via  modo  et  [Juris] 

*  *  *  James  by  the  grace  of  god  King  of  England  Scotland  ffraunce  and 
Ireland  *  *  *  the  great  seale  of  Englande  geven  granted  and  con- 
firmed *  *  *  of  Huntingdon  WiUiam  Earle  of  Pembroke  and  vnto 
other  lords  knights  Squires  gentlemen  marchants  *  *  *  and  shall 
prove  ppetuall  succession  and  that  they  and  *  *  *  the  Citty  of  London 
for  the  first  Colony  in  Virginia  *  *  *  in  any  *  *  *  and  in  any 
[accons]    *    *    *    with  power  and  authority  as  well    *    *    *    having  and 

*  *  *ing  divirs  landt!  in  the  *  *  *  notoria  manifesta  pariter  et 
famosa    Et  ponit    *    *    * 


Item     That     *     *     *     of   the   said   monethe    the  shipp   the   Garland 

*  *  *  [parts]  of  Virginia  aforesaid  for  *  *  *  and  to  the  *  *  * 
of  Virginia  aforesaid  Et  ponit  vt  supra 


Item  That  the  foresaid  Wiltm  Wye  *  *  *  the  power  and  authority 
aforesaid  was  made  and  ordeyned  M'  and  captaine  *  *  *  for  *  *  * 
voyage  *  *  *  surer  Counsell  and  *  *  *  aforesaid  a  Commission 
power  or  authority  for  the  pformance  of  *  *  *  of  the  first  *  *  * 
annexed  (quam  quidem  schedulam  pro  hie  *  *  *  pg^it  pars  ista 
pponens  quatus  facit  *  *  *)  and  *  *  *  of  the  said  Comission  *  *  * 
vnder  to  pforme  the  said  voyage  in  aU  points  according  to  the  purpose 
and  tenor  of  the  said  Commission.    Et  ponit  vt  supra. 



Item  That  besides  the  matters  geven  m  charge  vnto  the  said  WilUam 
Wye  by  the  said  Comission  there  was  allsoe  [sent]  in  the  said  shipp  and 
[voyage]  from  the  said  Treasurer  Counsell  and  Company  of  Virginia  a 
letter  directed  vnto  Sir  George  Yardly  I^ight  governo'  of  Virginia 
conteyning  some  matters  of  consequence  *  *  *  [concerning]  the  said 
plantation  the  sending  of  which  letter  was  well  knowne  vnto  the  said 
Wiltm  Wye,  or  the  said  Wye  had  notice  or  vnderstanding  thereof  Et 
ponit  vt  supra. 


Item  That  the  tenor  of  the  said  letter  soe  directed  vnto  the  said  S'' 
George  Yardly  was  of  the  tenor  of  the  second  schedule  herevnto  annexed 
(quam  quidem  schedulam  pro  hie  lect  et  insert  *  *  *  vult  et  petit 
pars  ista  pponens  quatus  facit  pro  pte  sua)  and  the  said  Wiltm  Wye  was 
acquainted  w*''  and  did  well  knowe  and  vnderstand  the  contents  thereof 
before  his  departure  from  the  port  of  London  or  not  long  after,  and 
especially  before  8,  10,  11,  14  or  16  dayes  past  next  after  the  arrivall  of 
the  said  WilTm  Wye  to  the  Somer  Islands  aforesaid.     Et  ponit  vt  supra. 


Item  That  the  said  letter  was  from  the  said  Treasurer,  Counsell  and 
Company  for  Virginia,  and  in  their  name  delivered  vnto  one  Captaine 
ffrancis  Whitney  who  went  in  the  said  shipp  for  the  said  voyage  to  Virginia 
to  be  delivered  by  him  to  the  said  Sir  George  Yardly  I^ight  Et  ponit 
vt  supra. 


Item  That  the  said  Captaine  Whitney  died  in  the  said  voyage  towards 
the  somer  IslandC  or  after  the  arrivall  of  the  said  shipp  the  Garland 
thither,  and  that  after  his  death  the  said  letter  of  the  tenor  of  the  said 
second  schedule  herevnto  annexed  came  to  the  handC  of  the  said  Wiltm 
Wye  and  he  the  said  Wye  hath  seen  and  read  the  said  letter  or  hath 
heard  the  same  read,  and  had  or  hath  the  said  letter  in  his  possession  at 
this  p''sent,  and  soe  much  or  the  like  in  effect  the  said  Wye  hath  divers 
tymes  and  *  *  *  past  owned,  confessed  and  acknowledged  Et  ponit 
vt  supra. 

TRINITY  TERM,  1620  283 


Item  in  the  yeere  and  moneths  aforesaid  or  in  some  or  one  of  the  said 
moneths  by  order  and  Comission  of  the  said  *  *  *  Counsell  and 
Company  for  Virginia  there  were  imbarqued  in  the  said  shipp  the  Garland 
in  the  port  of  London  130  persons  to  be  transported  and  landed  at  the 
said  somer  Islands  *  *  *  j.g  transported  and  landed  in  Virginia  and 
five  other  psons  over  and  besides  the  said  40  psons  mentioned  in  the 
Comission  aforesaid  besides  divers  goods  and  necessaries  for  *  *  * 
were  laden  in  the  said  shipp  to  the  of  200"  Et  ponit  de  qualet  alia  suiTia 
media  vel  minori  vsq^  ad  20"  legaUs  monete  ac  de  quolet  aho  maiori  et 
minori  numero  pson  *  *  *  eris  psonaru^  pred  ac  de  tali  et  tant  suiTia 
sive  numero  qualis  et  quant  p  confessionem  pt^  adverse  aut  alias  pbac 
ttmas  in  eve  *  *  *  huius  lit^  p}  *  *  *  declarant  *  *  *  Et 
ponit  vt  supra. 


Item  That  divers  other  good  victualls  and  other  necessaries  were  in 
the  *  *  *  ere  and  *  *  *  aforesaid  or  m  some  *  *  *  imbarqued 
in  the  port  of  London  into  the  said  shipp  by  order  and  Comission  of  the 
said  Treasurer  and  Company,  and  according  to  the  tenor  of  the  said 
first  schedule  herevnto  annexed  *  *  *  and  supply  of  the  people  and 
inhabitants  heretofore  planted  in  Virginia  aforesaid  wch  goods  victualk 
and  necessaries  did  ex  *  *  *  value  of  2000"  and  were  *  =>=  *  Et 
ponit  de  quatet  aha  suina  media  vel  minori  vsq,  ad  *  *  *  ac  de  taU  et 
tanta  suiTia  qualis  et  quanta  p  confessionem  p**^  adverse  *  *  *  Itmas 
in  eventu  huius  litS  plenius  declarand  sive  comprehend     Et  ponit  vt  supra. 


Item  That  the  said  WilTm  Wye  did  accept  of  the  Coinission  and 
*  *  *  geven  vnto  hym  by  or  from  the  said  Treasurer  and  Company 
aforesaid,  and  did  vndertake  the  said  voyage  for  the  Somer  Islandi?  and 
Virginia  aforesaid,  and  in  the  yeere  and  moneths  aforesaid  or  in  one  of 
them  went  out  *  *  *  London,  and  arrived  safely  to  the  Somer  Islands 
and  there  did  stay  and  make  his  aboad  for  the  space  of  20  18  or  16  dayes 
at  the  least    Et  ponit  vt  supra. 



Item  That  after  the  expiracon  of  the  said  20  18  or  16  dales  he  the 
said  Wiltm  Wye  did  stay  and  remayiie  at  *  *  *  er  IslandC  and  staied 
there  2  or  3  moneths  after  the  said  daies  were  expired,  and  that  during 
the  tyme  of  his  aboad  there  *  *  *  purpose  or  intent  to  goe  from 
thence  *  *  *  accordmg  to  the  Coniission  aforesaid,  did  then  deale 
with  some  of  the  mhabitantC  of  the  said  Islands  and  did  agree  and  contract 

*  *  *  to  transport  from  thence  in  the  said  shipp  *  *  *  psons  or 
passengers  and  great  quantities  of  tobacco  viz  '  passengers  and 

'  of  Tobacco.     Et  ponit  de  quotet     *     *     *     psonaru^  et  de 
quatet  aha  quantitat    *    *    *    vt  supra 


Item     That   according   to    the    said    agreem'    and    contract    the    said 

*  *  *  and  quantities  of  Tobacco  were  laden  *  *  *  Garland,  at  the 
said  Sonier  Islands  and  were  brought  and  transported  from  thence  into 
England  by  the  said  Willm    *    *    *     Et  ponit  vt  supra. 


Item  That  the  said  Wiltm  Wye  had  and  gained  for  and  by  re  *  *  * 
passmgers  and  Tobacco  transported  *  *  *  ynto  England  and  for 
fraight  therevpon  or  by  reason  thereof  the  some  of  2000"  of  lawfull  English 
money  Et  *  *  *  et  tanta  suiTia  qualis  et  quanta  p  confessionem  ptC 
adverse  aut  alias  probacones  ttmas  in  eventu  huius  litC  plenius    *    *    * 


Item  That  the  said  Wiltm  Wye  did  not  take  his  Course  *  *  *  ber 
did  he  land  the  40  or  4  *  *  *  aforesaid  in  8°  ar'°  predict  menconat 
there  neyther  did  he  transport     *     *     *    for  and  to  the  vse  of  the  said 

*  *  *  thother  five  psons  besides,  as  for  and  to  the  vse  and  supply  of 
the  *  *  *  Virginia  as  he  was  directed  *  *  *  comanded  to  doe 
according  to  the  tenor  of  the  Commission  aforesaid  but  *  *  *  mgly 
geve  over  and  f  *  *  *  intended  for  Virgmia  and  returned  from  the 
Somer  Islands  for     *     *     * 

'  Blank  space. 

TRINITY  TERM,  1620  285 


Item     That    by    the     auncient     and     reccaved     orders     customs    and 

*  *  *  ters  of  the  Citty  of  London  *  *  *  i^  Virghiia  aforesaid 
and  by  the  orders  and  practices  of  *  *  *  kept  inviolably  *  *  * 
eth  and  setteth  foorth  out  of  this  realme  of  England  any  *  ^'^  *  and 
is  p'sent  *  *  *  live  or  dye  or  whether  he  shalbe  sett  on  land  at 
Virginia  *  *  *  and  sett  forth  *  *  *  oi-  ^jsons  was  or  is  before 
that  tyme  setled  or  i)laced  and  *  *  *  ^ny  i)lace  *  *  *  foj.  ^j^^ 
said   first   Colony   in   Virginia  have  allowed    and     *     *     *     tures  and 

*  *  *  shipped  and  sett  forth  the  40  or  45  persons  aforesaid  Et 
ponit     *     *     * 


Item     That    every    hundred    acres    of    the    said     LandC     in  Virginia 

*  *  *  valued  putt  of  and  sold  for  the  some  of  12"  lO'*  *  *  * 
Treasurer  and  company  every  hundred  acres  of  such  lands  *     *     * 


Item  That  the  said  40  or  45  or  other  number  of  i>sons  *  *  * 
as  namely  Carpenters  sawiers  bricklaiers  smiths  and  *  *  *  namely 
for  100  psons  or  thereabouts  wch  were  provided  *  *  *  Virginia 
and  by  reason  of  the  not  setting  of  the  said  *  *  *  Charge  aforesaid 
the  said  Adventurers  and  planters  have  *  *  *  hinderance  of  the 
plantation  in  those  parts,  and  ther  *  *  *  jjonit  pars  ista  de  quatet 
alia  suiTia  media  vel  *  *  *  lAi^  plcnius  veniet  declarand  sive  com- 
proband     Et  ponit     *     *     * 


Item  That  among  other  of  the  said  40  or  45  or  other  *  *  *  and 
by  order  from  the  Lords  of  his  Ma"""^  privy  Counsell  *  *  *  left 
wth  or  delivered  vnto  the  governo*^  of  the  said  place  *  *  *  delivered 
vnto  the  said  Willm  Wye,  and  coiTiitted  *  *  *  Wyc  was  made 
acquainted  of  the  banishment  of     *     *     * 


Item  That  the  Chekohomini  or  sa  *  *  *  people  *  *  *  and 
sent  and  before  coiTiitted  *  *  *  and  stayne  divers  of  them  to  the 
gre     *     *     * 

1282-^3 liO 



Item    That    the    foresaid    g^     *     *     *    have    made    a    revenge    vpon 

the     *     *     *    adventurers  and   planters   of   the   c     *     *     *     proceed 


Item     *     *     * 

[The  rest  of  the  document  is  torn  quite  away.] 

2.  Thesaurarius  et  societas  de  virguiia  con  1  Tertia  sessione  Ter°'  Trin- 
Wye  MHburie  WUtmson  j      itat^  1620. 

Milburie  noie  pcurio  ac  vt  pcurato'' Itmus  dcorum  Thesaurarii  et  societatC 
de  Virginia  oibus  meUoribus  et  efficaciorib9  via  modo  et  iuris  causa  et 
forma  quibus  meUus  aut  efficacius  de  iure  potuit  aut  potest  debuitve 
aut  debet  atq^  ad  oem  quemcunq^  iuris  eff cum  exinde  quovismodo  sequi 
valen  aUegavit  arti™  provt  sequitur. 


Inprimis  that  in  the  yeere  &  monethes  libellat  and  before  John  ffarrer 
of  the  Citty  of  London  Marchant  was  and  at  this  prsent  is  deputy  of  the 
company  of  the  adventurers  and  planters  of  the  Citty  of  London  for  the 
first  Colony  in  Virginia,  and  Nicholas  ffarrer  brother  vnto  the  said  John 
was  and  is  one  of  the  said  Company  and  for  such  were  and  are  comonly 
accompted  reputed  &  taken    Et  ponit  con™  di""  et  de  quotet. 


Item  that  the  said  Willm  Wye  in  the  yeere  and  moneths  libellat,  and  in 
one  of  the  said  moneths  [and  in  one  of  the  said  moneths]  and  before  his 
going  to  the  Somer  Islands  was  an  earnest  suiter  vnto  the  said  John  ffarrer 
and  Nicholas  ffarrer  or  one  of  them  for  to  have  the  Comission  graunted 
vnto  hym  wch  is  of  the  tenor  of  the  first  schedule  annexed  vnto  the  libeU 
geven  in  this  cause  and  to  that  end  the  said  Wye  divers  and  sundry  tymes 
had  speech  and  conference  wth  the  said  John  and  Nicholas  ffarrer  or  one 
of  them  that  they  or  one  of  them  would  further  the  dispatch  and  graunting 
of  the  said  Comission  vnto  the  said  Wye    Et  ponit  vt  supra. 

TRINITY  TERM,  1620  287 


Item  that  the  said  Comission  of  the  tenor  of  the  first  schedule  aforesaid 
made  by  the  said  John  and  Nicholas  ffarrer  or  one  of  them  or  by  the 
meanes  ef  ^fee  &  pcurem*  of  them  or  one  of  them  delivered  vnto  the  said 
Wiltm  Wye,  and  the  said  WilTm  Wye  after  the  delivery  thereof  vnto  hym 
did  read  and  make  the  same  knowne  openly  vnto  and  before  the  company 
of  the  shipp  the  garland  or  some  of  them  and  vnto  others  which  were 
passingers  in  the  said  shipp     Et  ponit  vt  supra. 


Item  that  the  said  Wiltm  Wye  by  vertue  of  the  said  Comission  did 
punish  divers  or  some  one  of  the  marriners  and  company  of  the  said  shipp 
the  Garland  in  the  voyage  from  the  port  of  London  towards  the  Somer 
Islands  libellat  thereby  shewing  and  declaring,  and  to  make  them  knowe 
that  he  had  power  and  authority  by  vertue  thereof  to  punish  any  of  the 
company  of  the  said  shipp  the  Garland  that  should  offend  or  offer  any 
cause  to  endure  any  such  punishment     Et  ponit  vt  supra. 


Item  quod  p''missa  oia  et  singula  fuerunt  et  sunt  vera  publica  notoria 
manifesta  pariter  et  famosa  atcj,  de  et  sup  eisdem  laborarunt  et  in  pnte 
laborant  pubca  vox  et  fama  *  *  *  iure  in  hac  pte  requisit  petit  pars 
ista  pponens  ius  et  Justiciam  §  *  *  *  ministrari  cum  effcu  Vlterius% 
fieri  statui  et  decerni  in  prmiss  e  *  *  *  iuris  fuerit  et  raconis  prmissa 
pponen  con""  et  di'"  non  arctim  se  *  *  *  nee  ad  onus  supflue  pbat  de 
quo  ptestatur  pars  ista  pponens  sed  q  *  *  *  obtineat  in  petite 
iuris  beneficio  in  oibus  sibi  semp  salvo  vrum     *     *     * 

3.  Thesaurarius  et  societas  de  Virginia  contra  I  Ultima  sessione  Ter°'  Tri- 
Wye  Milburie  Williamson  j      nitatis  1620 

Quo  Die  Milburie  noie  pcurio  ac  vt  pcurato"^  ttmus  dicto[r]  Thesaurarii  et 
societat^  de  Virginia  addend  ad  allegaconem  ats  ex  parte  sua  vlt  die 
iuridico  dat  et  magis  spicand  ea  *  *  *  oibus  melioribus  et 
efficacioribus  via  modo  et  iuris  caa  et  forma  quibus  mehus  aut  effica- 
cius  de  iure  potuit  aut  potest  debuitve  aut  debet,  atqj  ad  oem  quemcunqj 
iuris  effcum  exinde  quovismodo  sequi  valeii  allegat  arti"  provt  sequitur 



Imprimis  That  the  said  WilTm  Wye  at  such  tyme  as  he  was  a  suiter  for 
the  obteynyng  of  the  Coiuission  (being  of  the  tenor  of  the  first  schedule 
annexed  to  the  Libell  geven  in  this  cause)  was  then  acquainted  or  did 
certeynly  knowe  that  he  could  not  goe  in  or  pforme  the  voyage  wch  he 
intended  for  Virginia  wthout  the  licence  authority  and  approbacon  of  the 
said  Treasurer  and  company  and  thereupon  did  often  entreate  that  the 
said  Comission  might  be  made  ready  for  hym  the  said  Wye  Et  ponit  con™ 
di""  et  de  quotet 


Item  that  the  said  Comission  of  the  schedule  aforesaid  was  read  vnto 
him  before  it  was  delivered  vnto  hym,  and  at  Gravesend  he  accepted  and 
tooke  the  same  vpon  hym  wth  great  thanck^  and  pmised  to  performe  the 
same  according  to  the  tenor  thereof.     Et  ponit  vt  supra. 


Item  that  the  said  Wiltm  Wye  eyther  before  his  going  foorth  or  in  his 
voiage  towards  Virginia  did  sett  vp  orders  in  the  shipp  the  Garland  stihng 
or  entitling  himselfe  wth  the  title  following  or  the  like  in  effect  viz*  I  Willm 
Wye  M'  of  the  good  shipp  the  Garland  being  by  speciall  Comission  from 
the  Treasurer  and  honorable  Counsell  and  Company  of  Virginia  vnder 
theyr  seale  appointed  and  ordeyned  governo""  captaine  and  comaunder 
aswell  of  the  said  shipp  and  company  therein  as  all  and  every  passenger 
whatsoever  doe  by  vertue  and  authority  of  the  said  Comission  vpon 
mature  advice  and  deliberacon  wiU  &  charge  every  person  to  obey  the 
orders  herevnder  written,  he  the  said  Willm  Wye  having  then  made 
orders  to  be  observed  in  the  said  shipp  by  vertue  of  the  Comission  afore- 
said.   Et  ponit  vt  supra. 


Item  that  one  ffelgate  a  captaine  being  in  the  said  shipp,  vpon  some 
speeches  between  him  &  the  said  Wye  there  grew  bio  *  *  *  whereat 
he  the  said  Wye  being  much  moved  openly  read  his  Comission  aforesaid  to 
the  end  &  purpose  that  it  might  be  knowne  in  the  said  shipp  that  he  had 
power  and  authority  thereby  to  punish  any  of  the  said  shipp  that  should 
offend  in    *    *    *    case  or  any  other.    Et  ponit  vt  supra. 

JUNE,  1620  289 


Item  that  the  said  WilTm  Wye  shewed  the  said  Comission  vnto  M"' 
Johnson  and  read  the  same  *  *  *'  Humfry  Sherbrooke  and  others. 
Et  ponit  vt  supra. 


Item  that  the  said  Wiltm  Wye  having  don  something  at  sea  againe 
*  *  *  cause  for  that  he  had  punished  the  said  Read,  he  the  said  Read 
ca  *  *  *  before  the  governo'  there,  and  being  demanded  by  the  said 
governor  *  *  *  shewed  forth  his  Comission  aforesaid  wch  the  said 
governo'  read  *  *  *  Virginia  aforesaid  would  geve  soe  large  a  Com- 
ission to  a  seaman  *  *  *  hjmi  the  said  governor,  vnto  whome  the 
said  Wye  then  answered,  a  *  *  *  Comission  to  hang  the  said  Read 
if  he  had  deserved  it,  or  that  his  q  *  *  *  Wye  vsed  wordC  to  the  like 
effect.    Et  ponit  vt  supra. 


Item  quod  p'"missa  oia  et  singla  fuerunt  et  sunt  vera  pub  *  *  * 
laborarunt  et  in  pnti  laborant  pubca  vox  et  fama  Vnde  f  *  *  *  iyg 
et  Justitia^  sibi  et  pti  sue  fieri  et  ministrari  cum  effc  *  *  *  quibus- 
cunffi  quod  iuris  fuerit  et  raconis  p''missa  pponens  con  *  *  *  ad  onus 
supflue  pvat  de  quo  ptestatur  sed  quatus  pvaverit  *  *  *  semp  salvo 
vrum  oflficiu  dne  Judex  humitr  implorand. 

CXI.   William  Tracy.    A  Letter  to  John  Smyth 
June,  1620 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  Smyth,  17 

Document  m  New  York  Public  Library.     Autograph  Letter,  Signed 

List  of  Records  No.  182 

S'  tomorow  by  gods  leaue  shall  I  paye  yo  a  100^'  at  leste  before  at  seuerall 
times  95  y®  rest  w**"  all  spede  shall  be  sent  in  as  I  haue  agred  w*^  yo''  man. 
so  y'  w**"'"  10  dayes  I  hope  to  pay  vnto  yo  300^^  with  y*  allredi  payd  now  yf 
yo  mene  we  shall  Cari  heyfares  ouer  it  wer  good  yo  sote  to  hier  a  flemish 
hoye  to  Cari  sum  &  yf  it  mit  be  in  ani  resonabel  mesuer  I  would  haue  3 

'  Torn  away. 


mares  w"''  would  be  of  gret  youse  especialli  yf  we  went  on  herew*^  a  blome 
smith  at  y°  first  for  hejTon  as  m""  brian  thinketh  it  fit  we  should,  he  I  hop 
will  go  &  I  dout  not  but  we  shall  have  men  mor  then  we  ned  do  yo'' 
best  at  london  for  kine  &  all  advantages  of  letter  or  what  else  for  ouer 
good,  m''  pallet  will  Com  to  yo  I  pray  yo  fornish  him  with  all  nedfull 
things  for  fesike  or  sorgerie,  for  life  is  more  der  than  gould  lether  for 
lining  and  stokins  of  lether  I  hop  yo  will  prouid.  What  may  be  had  as 
well  at  bristo  ned  not  be  bout  ther  as  linen  &  wolen  &  vitel  w*^  vinds 
and  whod  watars.  I  intret  yo  bring  my  paten  w*''  yo  what  yo  lay  out 
I  will  pay.  let  it  not  be  knowen  we  gayne  so  yo  may  get  sumthing  for  yo' 
selfe  &  sum  for  me  it  will  be  gayne  for  vs  I  haue  mad  menes  to  y®  ladi 
delaware  to  bie  or  borrowe  such  things  as  she  may  fance  her  honors 
land  lieth  nex  to  ouers  by  gods  blesin  we  shall  do  well  god  grant  we  may 
labouer  to  gayne  it  mor  for  y^  soule  then  y^  bodi  by  all  menes  let  me 
intret  yo  to  tak  y^  tobaco  wholi  to  yo.  I  intret  yo  to  yo""  oune  profit 
therefore  y^  esier  to  obtaine.  yf  yo  gaine  well  I  hop  yo  will  mak  vs  asaners. 
I  am  now  in  spech  w**"  a  precher  of  yo''  name  y*  will  go  ouer  w*^  me.  Yf 
yo  all  will  Consente  I  doute  not  but  y*  yo  will  take  paines  &  Car  for  ouer 
bisnes  &  I  will  requit  yo  w*^  my  paines  in  Virginia  &  so  will  rest  in  all 

Yo''  ever 

Willi  Tract 

I  Cannot  her  whether  my  cosin  barkli  haue  taken  a  ship  or  not  Y*  Care 
must  be  on  yo  to  my  bisnes  will  not  suffer  me  to  seke  after  on  &  w*""""*  on 
all  is  nothing  good  S""  Consider  I  haue  manie  bisnesis  &  non  to  helpe  me 
If  yo  mit  do  my  honest  neybouer  §this  berer§  sum  good  I  would  thank  yo 

[Addressed:]  To  my  asured  frind  m'"  John  Smithe  at  y^  blue  lion  in  Chanseri 
lane  this. 

[Indorsed  by  J.  Smith:]  M""  Tracyes  Ire  about  his  dispatch  into  Virgynia, 
June  .1620.  .18.  Jac.  sent  mee  to  London. 

JUNE,  1620  291 

CXII.   William  Tracy.     Letters  to  William  Arthard 
AND  John  Smyth 

[June,]  1620 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  Smyth,  18,  19 

Document  in  New  York  Public  Library.     Autograph  Letter,  Signed 

List  of  Records  No.  175,  176 


I  haue  here  sent  yo  70"  so  now  yo  haue  receved  30  at  london  60  by  lionel 
marget  42  by  m""  gilford  &  5  to  yC  selfe  so  now  yo'  master  hath  receved 
207"  for  y  moni  I  am  to  pay  for  y^  shar  I  have  bot  of  S""  Wilham  Throk- 
mortun  y^  rest  will  I  pay  w**"  all  sped  &  mor  to  wards  y^  setting  forth 
myselfe  &  those  to  go  w"'  me  so  rest 
Yo'  frind 

Willi  Tracy 

[Addressed:]  To  my  frind  William  Arthard  or  his  debiti  at  m""  hill  his 


[Indorsed  by  John  Smith:]  207"  payd  to  mee  by  m'  Tracy.  June  .1620. 


S'  I  was  w*''  S""  Edwin  Sands  who  promised  me  kine  at  y®  prise  they  stod 
y"  Compani  in.  let  me  intret  yo  to  intret  his  letter  for  me  to  y"  gouernor 
lets  get  all  y^  helps  we  may  of  himselfe  he  promised  to  make  me  of  y" 
Counsel.  I  am  not  ambisius  yet  would  lose  nothing  of  gayn  or  grase  I 
tould  m'  tresuerar  I  would  intret  yo  to  solicet  for  me  get  what  yo  may 
for  vs  both  it  will  be  for  ouer  greter  gayne  I  have  silkworme  &  got  geuen 
me  by  my  ladi  dal  &  she  promiseth  to  lend  me  kine  I  dout  not  of  gods 
blesings  so  will  rest  on  him  &  to  yo 
in  all  loue 

Willi  Tracy 
in  this  ill  shapen  §letter§  let  me  intret  yo  to  fasion  ouer  bisnes  as  yo  best 
know  how  for  ouer  good. 

[Addressed:]  To  my  asured  louing  frind  m'  John  Smith  at  y^  blew  lion  in 
Chanseri  Ian  this 

'  Marginal  note  in  the  handwriting  of  John  Smyth. 





CXIII.  John  Smyth.     A  Letter  to  Mr.  Berkeley 

June  1,  1620 

Smyth  of  Nibley  Papers,  Smyth,  15 

Document  in  New  York  Public  Library. 

List  of  Records  No.  177 

S"':  I  pceiue  by  Compayringe  former  Ires  w*^  these  of  m''  Woodleefes  now 
receiued,  That  our  payment  to  m""  Wiltms  for  the  fraight  of  our  ship  &  the 
wages  of  Toby  ffelgate  must  be  payd  by  .4.  ptt  because  the  fift  pt  as  was 
articled  &  hoped  by  vs  cometh  not  nor  is  Ukely  to  come  eyther  from  S' 
Geo:  Yardly  or  m''  Woodleefe:  I  rather  much  doubt  by  many  adu^tisem*^ 
w"''  I  dayly  receyve  from  his  both  old  &  newe  doares  &  doings  whether  he 
will  be  able  to  hold  a  third  pt  w*^  m'  Tracy  for  he  hath  deeply  sophisti- 
cated w**"  vs 

Then  admiting  that  we  are  to  pay  for  .9.  monthes  for  the  ship  at  .33^^  the 
month  that  cometh  to  .297^'  &  for  Toby  ffelgates  wages  at  iiij^'  x^  the  month 
&  for  his  mans  xviij^  the  month  cometh  to  .48^'  12^  fep  of  W^^  m""  W"^ 
is  to  pay  to  them  by  his  agreem*  (at  least)  .25^  the  month  &  then  to  them 
two  resteth  for  vs  to  pay  .37^'  7^  Sm  total  w"*"  we  are  to  pay  Ijto  both  of 
themll  cometh^  to  .334^'  7"  ||ex.|l  Towards  w'=^  uY  W^^  for  our  ship  sold  him 
hath  vnder  his  hand  acquited  vs  of  .60''  And  also  he  rec  .44^  in  .2. 
peices  in  pt  in  ernest  of  m''  Woodleefe,  w"^  Woodlefe  accounted  to  vs 
And  also  .1^  he  took  into  his  hands  from  Songer  who  should  have  gone 
surgeon  for  vs  w"^  we  imprest  to  him  towards  furnishing  his  surgeons 
chest  And  also  m'^  Woodleefes  j^sent  Tres  enform  vs  That  m''  W"^  is  to 
alio  we  for  .56^>  of  biskets  one  great  iron  frying  pan  &  one  great  iron  pot 
w'=''  as  I  gather  by  your  book  of  accompt  stood  vs  in  somewhat  above 
K  X  .xv^  And  also  .7''  10'  for  fish  &  xij'  for  .2.  bushels  of  corne  delyu^ed 
by  m''  Woodleefe  in  Virginia  l|for  the  mariners  pvision  in  their  return 
homewards. Ij  All  w"''  being  |173''  11*  And||  allowed  vnto  vs.  Then 
resteth  to  m'  W"«  Hand  m""  ffelgatejl  for  vs  to  pay  xx^  s¥J9  |1.260"  16^I| 

The  .4.*''  pte  wherof  being  Wj'»  xiif  11.65"  4'11  is  yo^  owne,  And  the  .3.  pte 
for  m'  Thorp  m""  Tracy  and  ye'"  myselfe  cometh  to  4^«  3«  ||.195"  12^|| 

'  This  and  the  following  insertions  are  by  John  Smyth. 

JUNE  1,  1620  293 

Towards  w'=''  |I three  ptes  of  oursjl  you  have  of  m'  Thorps  mony  in  yo"" 
hands  .45^^  18"  And  of  myne  .34^^  v«  x**  ||In  all— 80"  3*  lO'^Jl  Then 
resteth  more  to  come  to  you  in  all  for  our  .3.  pts  7?«  iS^  3**  1|.115"  8«  lO*^ 
X  X  x|l  w"""  to  bring  to  your  hands  my  man  by  me  is  purposely  sent  to 
you  from  london. 

I  have  sent  you  Woodleef's  ioynt  Ire  agayne  w"**  gives  to  vs  here  small 
content,  &  the  foolery  of  his  contemplative  newe  magazen  (not  to  be 
furnished  for  .1000")  &  of  y^  newest  fashion,  lesse.  But  of  him  &  it,  more 
when  I  wayt  on  j^ou  in  July  next  if  god  soe  please,  In  the  meane  tyme  we 
have  a  gou^nor  none  of  the  wisest  pvidentest  nor  observantest  of  our 
direccons  breaking  through  orders  for  dyet  and  society,  sale  of  our  men 
taking  newe  charge  ||of  others  servants||  to  drawe  to  his  pryvate  vnder 
color  thereof,  our  publike  &c.  I  cannot  for  the  iSsent  but  much  marvell 
that  you  have  noe  pryvate  Ires  from  Rowland  Painter,  nor  I  any  from 
John  Blanchard  who  vowed  to  mee,  true  &  secret  adu^tisem*  (w"''  I  beleeve 
because  he  is  honest)  especially  touching  y  m''  Woodleefe  &  his  estate, 
behaviour  &  vsage  of  our  men  &  other  observacons,  neyther  hath  the 
wife  of  Rich  Godfry  any  tre  from  her  husband,  I  fear  the  old  Virginian 
trick  of  surprise  of  Tres  (if  not  counterfeiting  also)  is  cast  vpon  vs  by 
m""  Woodleefe,  And  the  rather  because  he  followed  the  ship  to  the  mouth 
of  the  ryver,  as  the  date  of  his  postscript  .Hickaton  .18.  M^cij. 

Onely  our  ancient  Yate  none  of  the  wisest  wryteth  too  much  but  all  of 
one  syde. 

Besides  what  is  aforesaid  of  right  we  are  in  all  equity  (as  to  mee  seem- 
eth  to  have  abatem*  from  m"'  Wiltms  for  .2.  monthes  needles  stay  in 
Virginia  above  our  .50.  dayes  for  noe  occasion  of  ours  but  to  amend 
his  weak  ship  w'^''  I  leave  to  yo""  consideracon,  not  knowing  what  the  order 
of  m^chants  is  herein. 

M""  Tracy  contynued  at  his  depture  from  london  6.  dayes  past  constant 
in  determynacon  for  Virginia  making  his  pvisions  accordingly.  And 
hath  obtayned  the  ire  lone  of  .2.  kyne  from  S"  Edwin  Sandis  And  others, 
and  goates  from  the  lady  Dale,  And  is  to  have  tres  to  be  admitted  of  the 
Virginia  Counsell  there.  Being  willing  to  ad  my  sollicytacon  for  whatsoeu^ 
may  bringe  him  eyther  gayne  or  grace,  because  all  goeth  in  comon. 


That  allowance  w"**  is  to  come  from  the  company  towards  m''  ffelgates 
wages  by  the  pmise  of  the  deputy  fferrar  at  .xv^  the  month  I  will  doe  my 
best  endeavor  at  his  cominge  vp  howbeit  I  doubt  of  the  receipt  because  m'' 
fferrar  the  last  q^ter  court  delyu^ed  vp  his  accompt,  and  is  not  likly  to 
bee  agayne  newe  chosen  for  the  next  year. 

Touching  the  goods  returned  from  Virginia  I  pray  your  care  &  disposicon 
as  you  think  best  soe  that  it  may  come  into  mony  against  the  feast  of 
S*  James. 

I  have  returned  to  you  fferdinand  yates  Ires  to  mee  w'=^  you  sent  me 
vnopened,  w'^''  soe  to  doe  I  pray  noe  more  for  noe  secret  or  pryvate  tre 
vncomunicated  must  be  in  ptnership. 

I  have  noe  leasure  to  read  agayne  what  I  have  scribled  wherefore  I  beseech 
you  pdon  faults  &  false  castings  as  you  find  them.  I  rest  eu9  w*''  my 
service  remembred 

Y"  to  be  comanded 

Jo:  Sm. 
Thursday  at  .3. 
.1.  lunij  .1620. 

[Indorsed  by  John  Smyth:]  Copy  of  my  Ire  to  m'  Berkely  .1.  Junij 
.1620.  about  our  accompts  for  the  Virginia  ship  then  returned. 

CXIV.  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.   A  Letter  to  the  Marquis  of  Buckingham 

June  7,  1620 

State  Papers,  Colonial,  1,  Vol.  I,  No.  51 

Document  in  Public  Record  Office,  London.     Autograph  Letter,  Signed.     Part  of 

the  Seal  remains 

List  of  Records  No.  178 

Most  Noble  Lord 

Having  not  had  the  good  fortune  to  attain  to  y"""  L^^  presence  after 
som-tyme  attendance,  &  beeing  now  forced  to  retire  for  a  few  days  into 
the  Contrie;  I  have  presumed  once  again  in  these  few  rude  lines  to 
prezent  my  most  humble  suit  &  service  to  y*""  L^. 

JUNE  7,  1620  295 

I  understand,  by  the  late  boastings  of  S''  Thomas  Smith  &  his  partizans; 
of  their  sedulous  endevo's,  by  a  cloud  of  untrueths  to  make  a  fresh  inter- 
position between  the  most  ioyfull  light  of  his  Ma''*'^  favo^  &  the  darknes 
wherewith  my  self  &  my  service  rest  yet  obscured. 

An  attempt  of  strange  malignitie:  w'=''  if  I  have  deserved  by  anie  offer  of 
the  least  wrong  to  him  or  his,  I  will  beare  it  w***  patience;  as  the  effect  of 
iust  Revenge,  though  not  mesured  by  Justice.  But  if  (beeing  resolved  by 
Gods  Grace  to  wrong  no  man)  I  have  not  so  much  as  offended  S''  Thomas 
Smith  or  his  upholders,  save  only  in  one  kynd,  in  that  I  have  not  yielded 
to  the  abetting  or  cloking  of  those  coorses  in  menaging  the  affairs  of 
Virginia,  w'=^  w^*"  derogation  of  his  Ma*'''^  authoritie,  &  contrary  to  his 
Royall  Instructions  (unworthily  smothered),  have  been  held  from  tyme 
to  tyme,  to  the  dishartning  of  all  Adventurous,  &  perpetuall  keeping  down 
of  the  Plantation  that  it  might  not  prosper;  &  on  the  other  side  to  the 
enriching  of  themselfs  or  som  of  them,  by  meanes  so  unlawful!  as  the 
enhazerding  of  the  destruction  &  utter  extirpation  of  the  Colonie:  And  in 
that  it  hath  pleased  God  also  so  to  blesse  my  late  labors,  that  more  hath 
been  doon  in  my  one  yeare,  w'''  lesse  then  Eight  Thousand  pounds,  for  the 
advancement  of  that  Colonie  in  People  &  store  of  Commodities,  then  was 
doon  in  S'  Thomas  Smiths  Twelve  yeares,  w*''  expence  of  neer  Eightie 
Thousand  pounds;  as  by  vieu  of  bo  the  o""  Accounts  (if  yet  his  be  an  Account,) 
dooth  manifestly  appeare:  Then  my  good  Lord,  I  humbly  tender  to  his 
]y[^ties  Princelie  Justice,  &  to  y"""  L^^  favorable  mediation  this  equitable 
suit,  that  his  Ma*'^  upon  this  complaint  against  me  may  be  graciously 
pleased,  to  call  me  to  my  answer,  before  anie  indifferent  Judges  to  be 
deputed  by  his  Ma*'^  And  if  S"'  Thomas  Smith  or  his  abettors  be  able  to 
make  good  anie  one  of  their  materiall  accusations  against  me;  or  if  his 
Ma""  should  please  also  so  to  appoint,  (though  it  be  farr  from  my  dispo- 
sition to  be  an  Accuser  of  anie  man,)  that  I  be  required  to  make  good 
what  I  have  here  enformed  to  y"""  I/,  &  I  faile  in  anie  one  materiall  clause 
thereof:  I  shall  willingly  submit  my  self  to  condign  censures  for  bothe,  & 
from  thencefoorth  make  utter  forfeit  of  all  hope  of  his  Ma*'"'  favo",  beeing 
that  w"*"  of  all  worldlie  things  I  most  earnestly  desire.  It  was  the  saying 
of  a  wise  man,  that  One  good  man  dooth  never  hate  another.  Seeing 
therfore  this  extreme  hatred  of  me  by  S'  Thomas  Smith,  dooth  argue  a 
great  defect  of  Goodnes  in  the  one:  let  tryall  I  beseech  discover  the  partie 


that  is  in  fait.  The  procuring  of  w"*"  iust  tryall,  I  shall  ever  acknowelege 
as  a  singular  &  eminent  favo""  from  y°""  noble  I/:  beeing  the  onlie  meanes 
remaining  of  dooing  me  right  w*''  his  Ma*•^  Touching  the  former  busines 
about  the  Place  w''''  I  held  this  last  yeare  for  Virginia;  as  I  wrate  to  y°' 
L"  before,  so  now  also  I  repeate  again:  If  by  y"""  L^^  mediation,  on  w'^''  I 
wholy  relie,  my  self  &  my  service  may  be  so  accepted  by  his  Ma*'%  as  that 
w*^  comfort  &  courage  I  may  proceed  in  this  busines,  I  shall  willingly, 
though  to  my  great  charge,  &  neglect  of  my  owne  estate,  (for  this  Busines 
is  too  great  to  admit  anie  concurrent  w*""  it,)  bestowe  one  yeare  more  in 
foloing  this  service,  if  w*''  his  Ma*''''  approbation  I  be  called  unto  it:  And 
will  also  presume  to  offer  a  Proiect  to  his  Ma*'%  (w"^  though  in  som  points 
it  may  seem  difficult,  yet  is  unassured  in  none)  of  raising  to  his  Ma*'° 
there  a  great  &  speedie  revenue,  w*''out  charge  to  his  Ma*'^^  cofers,  save 
som  small  matter  to  grace  the  Action.  But  if  his  Ma*''=^  pleasure  shalbe 
otherwise,  &  so  as  to  suspend  me  from  this  service:  upon  the  least  inti- 
mation thereof  from  y°''  \P,  I  shall  of  my  owne  accord  so  withdraw  my 
self  from  the  Action,  as  no  way  to  be  occasion  of  hindering  the  choise  of 
anie  other,  whom  his  Ma"^  shalbe  pleased  to  appoint  or  commend:  beeing 
wholy  resolved  for  no  worldlie  respect  whatsoever,  either  actively  or 
passively,  so  much  as  lyeth  in  my  power,  to  be  anie  matter  henceforward 
of  the  least  offence  to  his  Ma*'%  trusting  also  that  by  this  my  willing 
obedience  &  duetie,  his  Ma*'^^  gracious  hart  may  be  one  day  moved,  to 
restore  unto  me  the  light  &  comfort  of  his  Princelie  favo"",  w"''  w*^  all  loyal 
humilitie  I  shall  evermore  seek  &  sue  for.  Amongst  the  manie  great 
grace  wherewith  God  hath  furnished  y"""  ]>,  this  vertue  of  protecting  the 
throwne  down  from  farther  iniurie,  &  of  expatriating  the  long  exiled  in 
his  Ma*'*"'  favo"",  I  hope  shall  not  proove  least  in  way  of  his  Ma*'^^  service, 
nor  the  meanest  in  meriting  hono""  to  y°''  noble  ]>:  upon  whose  Happines 
the  faithful  service  shall  ever  zealously  attend,  of 

yor  j^ps  YdQ^i  humbly  in  all  duetie  at  command, 

Edwin  Sandys. 
Northborn.  7  June  :  1620 

[Indorsed:]  S'"  Edwin  Sandys  about  the  Plantatio  in  Virginia.     1620. 
[Addressed:]  To  the  Right  Honorable,  my  most  honored  good  Lord,  the 
L.  Marques  of  Buckingham  L.  High  Admirall  of  England,  &c. 

^JUNE  7,  1620  297 

CXV.  Sir  George  Yeardley.    A  Letter  to  Sir  EDwin  Sandys 

June  7,  1620 

Ferrar  Papers 

Document  in  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge.     Autograph  Letter,  Signed 

List  of  Records  No.  179 


Sir,  having  in  breife  as  the  tyme  and  buisines  would  give,  leave,  in 
our  publike  letter  to  your  selfe  and  the  Counsell,  given  some  answer  to 
the  letters  we  have  receaved,  yett  my  selfe  in  pticular  being  so  much 
bound  to  you,  as  all  your  many  favors  have  oblieged  me,  could  not  but 
take  some  tyme  by  the  opertunity  of  this  ship  the  London  marchant  to 
make  §my§  excuse  vnto  you  in  that  I  have  not  written  at  large  in  answer 
of  all  your  letters  w"''  by  these  4  ships  I  have  receved,  the  w'=''  duty  yf 
God  pmitt  me  lyfe  and  health  I  will  not  fayle  to  ppforme  to  the  vttmost 
I  can  by  the  next  conveyance.  There  lying  at  this  psent  vpoft  vpon  my 
shoulders  so  great  a  burthen  that  I  am  not  able  to  looke  into  all  pticulars 
so  sodaynly  as  this  Ship  will  depart,  this  great  nomber  of  people  also 
ariving  ex  Enexpected  it  hath  not  a  littell  pusseled  me  to  pvide  for  the 
lodging  of  them,  it  being  a  thing  of  spetiall  consequence  and  nessesity 
for  theire  healths,  but  herein  I  must  acknowledge  your  care  and  zeale  for 
the  hasty  and  speedy  erecting  this  good  worke,  in  the  sending  so  many 
people  for  sondry  pfitable  employments  in  Each  where  of  I  doe  here 
passe  my  pmise  vnto  you,  and  hould  my  selfe  bound  to  doe  my  best 
endever,  and  had  not  your  zealous  desires  over  hasted  you  and  the  passage 
at  sea  bin  Soe  unfortunate  to  the  duty,  whereby  I  had  no  warning  at  all 
given  to  pvide  for  these  people,  I  should  have  bine  able  to  have  done 
much  better  then  now  I  can,  yett  I  beseech  God  to  give  a  blessing  to  my 
endevors,  they  are  now  all  loged  within  good  houses  as  this  Country  doth 
afforde  not  one  but  lyeth  vpon  a  bed  stead  high  fro  the  ground  and 
have  theire  victualls  well  dressed  and  it  is  allso  both  amended  and 
enlarged  [!•»]  to  theire  full  content,  theire  pvision  w<=^  came  with  them 
out  of  England  being  nothing  but  meale  is  very  harsh  for  them  to  feed 
vpon  being  new  comers,  therefore  I  have  for  varyety  sake  and  in  regard 
allso  the  pportion  out  of  England  sent  with  them,  will  nothing  neere 
hould  out:  to  give  the  any  good  Allowance,  taken  vp  vpon  bill  of  Exchange 


ffro  M'  Shaw  M""  of  the  London,  Marchant  5  hoghsheads  and  5  barells  of 
pease  and  12  barells  of  ottmealle  with  1000  ^  weyght  of  biskett,  w"^  I  find 
to  be  allso  very  nessisary,  my  bills  of  Exchange  I  have  made  bould  to 
charge  vpon  your  selfe  in  the  behalfe  of  the  Company,  who  I  hope  will 
not  take  it  ill  that  I  have  So  Charged  the  for  this  pvision  of  victuall,  being 
it  is  soe  that  I  find  this  varyety  of  victuall  to  be  much  to  the  content 
and  health  of  the  people.  Indian-corne  allso  of  my  owne  I  feede  them 
with  whereof  I  thanke  the  Lorde  and  praysed  be  his  name,  there  is  enough 
in  the  Country  for  all  the  people  now  Arived:  theire  Allovance  I  give  the 
exceedeth  the  ppotion  thought  of  in  England,  because  helpes  of  fHesh 
and  ffish  with  such  great  abundance  cannott  readily  be  had  therefore  I 
Allow  the  the  more  of  these  pvisions  And  had  they  arived  at  a  seasonable 
tyme  of  the  yeare  I  would  not  haue  doubted  of  theire  fives  and  healths, 
but  this  season  is  most  vnfitt  for  people  to  arive  here,  and  to  tell  you  the 
very  truth  I  doubt  of  much  sicknes  for  many  of  them  to  the  nomber  of 
100  at  least  came  some  very  weake  and  sick  some  Crasey  and  taynted  a 
shore,  and  now  this  great  heate  of  weather  striketh  many  more  but  for 
Lyfe  I  hope  well,  yett  the  Company  must  be  content  to  have  littell  service 
done  by  new  men  the  ffirst  yeare  till  they  be  seasoned.  The  Cheife  men 
for  the  Iron  worke  being  dead  at  sea  and  vpon  theire  psent  landing  will 
give  a  great  blow  to  the  stagering  of  that  biwsines  littell  or  nothing  will 
be  done  therein  this  somer  it  being  a  hott  and  heavy  worke,  yf  this  somer 
with  all  the  meanes  I  have  to  helpe  them  I  can  but  build  logings  and 
transporte  theire  materialls  I  shall  thinke  I  have  done  well. 

your  boatewryght  dyed  soone  after  his  landing  at  James  Cyty  whereby  1 
have  no  meanes  so  speedily  to  sett  vp  the  new  shallop  for  transporting 
the  people  and  theire  pvisions  y*  had  I  not  A  shallop  of  my  owne  to  employ 
that  way  I  know  not  what  toe  doe,  I  ptest  before  god  I  run  my  selfe  out 
of  all  the  pvision  of  Corne  I  have  for  the  feeding  of  these  people  looking 
*  *  *  for  no  recompence,  the  pvision  now  sent  being  butt  one 
thowsand  and  eyghteene  bushells  of  meale,  w'*"  at  a  bushell  p  moneth 
being  the  least  I  can  give  them,  will  but  serve  them  for  ten  weekes  whereas 
m""  ffarar  sayth  he  hath  sent  6  moneths  pvision,  m''  ffarar  is  my  worthye 
and  loving  ffreind  but  herein  I  must  blame  him  in  casting  vp  so  shorte 
Allowance  allso  for  Clothes  they  come  very  shorte  wheresoever  the  fault 
is  I  know  not  it  behoves  him  to  looke  to  it  the  people  are  ready  to  muti- 

JUNE  7,  1620  299 

nere  for  more  affirming  that  more  by  him  was  pmised  what  shall  I  say,  all 
I  have  or  can  make  meanes  for  I  am  wiUing  to  offer  for  the  pforming  and 
making  good  your  pmises  there  made,  but  Sir  I  beseech  you  be  not  offended 
yf  I  deale  playnly  respecting  the  honor  and  reputation  of  my  ffreinds  and 
suffer  me  I  pray  you  to  advise  you  that  you  doe  not  run  into  so  great 
matters  in  speedy  and  hasty  sending  so  many  people  over  hether  and 
vndertaking  so  great  workes,  before  you  have  acquainted  me  and  have 
trewly  bin  enformed  by  me  of  the  state  of  the  Plantation  and  what  may 
be  done  here,  yf  you  doe  not  observe  this  rule  I  shall  and  must  fayle  in 
the  executing  of  your  piects,  what  thinke  you  y'  I  am  able  to  i_)forme  it 
being  but  yesterday  to  speake  of  since  at  my  first  Coming  the  CoUony  was 
in  election  of  starving  left  so  by  Cap*  Argall  I  have  done  what  I  can  doe 
and  will  doe  still  to  vttmost  power,  but  I  pray  sir  give  me  both  tyme  to 
pvide  meanes  and  to  build  and  settell  before  you  lay  one  Loade,  yf  you 
will  but  take  my  advise  hence  I  will  enforme  you  trewly  and  doe  to  the 
vttmost,  and  yf  I  may  not  offend  herein  I  will  Challeng  any  man  I  may 
deale  with  §vpon§  termes  for  doing  more  then  I  have  done  and  will  doe 
with  gods  pmision  considering  the  meanes  I  have  thus  in  these  ffirst 
beginings  and  where  all  things  are  to  be  fforged  out  of  the  ffyer — 

[2b]  yf  you  will  but  observe  the  season,  and  allso  to  send  men  of  such 
quallityes  and  vpon  such  conditions  as  I  shall  in  my  letters  give  you 
notice,  no  doubt  then  by  gods  grace  but  you  shall  advance  the  action  w'='' 
I  know  is  your  Cheife  desire,  and  allso  gayne  to  your  selfe  eternall  honor 
and  reputation,  except  the  Carpinters  come  for  the  Iron  workes,  there  is 
now  not  one  arived,  and  never  a  boate  wryght  but  that  silly  fellow  w'=''  is 
dead  and  how  doe  you  thinke  I  should  build  without  good  and  skilfull 
workemen,  yf  you  shall  thinke  ffitt  to  send  any  men  before  Christmas  I 
pray  send  at  least  6  moneths  victuall  with  them,  at  a  busshell  of  meale 
a  man  p  moneth  at  least  and  what  you  lake  of  meale  send  in  pease  and 
ottmell  but  allow  yf  of  meale  pease  and  ottmeall  a  pound  of  meale  a  day  + 
and  a  pynt  of  pease  or  otmeall  p  man,  I  pray  thinke  it  not  strange  I  should 
wryght  thus  to  send  victualls  with  your  people  for  you  may  be  pleased 
well  to  conceaue  that  yf  such  nombers  of  people  come  vpon  me  vnex- 
pected,  and  that  at  an  vnhealthfuU  §season§  and  to  late  to  sett  Corne  I 
cannott  then  be  able  to  feed  them  owt  of  others  labors,  what  I  can  and 
am  able  to  doe  yf  you  will  have  patience  I  will  fro  tyme  to  tyme  enforme 


you,  and  doubt  §not§  but  to  give  you  full  content  but  both  you  and  I 
must  give  leave  to  tyme  and  soe  expect  the  blessing  of  god,  wheather  I 
have  done  my  parte  or  noe,  or  wheather  I  have  borne  an  heavy  burden 
bttf  and  have  had  cause  to  Complayne,  And  yett  not  out  of  Pusilanimity  I 
humbly  refer  my  selfe  to  your  wisdome,  yeat  shall  I  ever  acknowlege  my 
selfe  bound  to  you  for  yt.  you  are  pleased  to  suffer  soe  much  for  the  defend- 
ing of  me,  wherein  I  confes  I  have  bin  much  greived  but  am  now  resolved, 
and  in  spyght  of  foes  be  they  great  or  littell  will  by  gods  assistance  doe 
my  best  entreating  my  thrise  Noble  Lord  of  Southampton  and  your  selfe 
with  the  rest  of  those  lords  and  others  trewly  nobly  disposed  mynds,  to 
accept  of  my  endevors,  I  desire  or  crave  nothing  for  all  my  paynes  and 
Charge  and  Care  I  shall  take  during  my  tyme  in  the  Publike,  but  only 
your  Noble  acceptance  as  for  all  others  whatsoever  they  be,  theire  malice 
retorne  vpon  theire  owne  heads.  I  will  rather  dispise  then  fflater  them 
yett  affecting  neither  but  with  a  most  humbled  minde  desiring  god  of  his 
mercy  to  make  vs  all  worthy  Instruments  of  this  worke  to  his  glory  I 
rest  ever  to  be  comanded  by  you 

George  Yeardley 
James  Cyty  this  7"^  June  1620. 

Sir  we  have  written  for  store  of  blew  beades  and  white  to  trade  with  the 
natiues  for  Corne  I  beseech  you  not  to  fayle  to  send  them  for  it  doth 
neerely  concerne  us,  we  have  enclosed  a  paterne  of  the  beades  in  our  letter 
being  of  such  sizes  as  m''  ffarar  sent  to  Capt  Whittney 

[Indorsed  by  Sir  Edwin  Sandys:]  S""  George  Yeardley  from  Virginia  7 
Junii  1620. 

CXVI.   John  Pory.     A  Letter  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys 

June  12,  1620 

Ferrar  Papers 

Document  in  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge.     Letter,  Signed 

List  of  Records  No.  180 

Hon''^«  S' 

The  Swan  of  Barnestaple  arryved  here  at  James  Citty  y®  15**"  of  May 

and  departed  hence  y"  first  of  June.    The  London  Marchant,  and  y* 

JUNE  12,  1620  301 

Jonathan  came  to  an  Ancho''  in  this  porte  y''  seven  and  twentyeth  of 
May,  and  set  sayle  from  hence,  y"  London  Marchant  y""  7""  of  June,  and 
y^  Jonathan  y*'  O**"  The  Duty  arryved  here  y"  25"*  of  May,  and  departed 
yesterday  beinge  y°  Eleventh  of  June.  By  y''  three  former  ships,  and  in 
answer  to  y"  tres  of  y''  Counsell  and  of  Smyths  hundred  socyety  both  y" 
Governo""  and  Counsell  ioyntly,  and  y°  Governo""  also  aparte  have  wrytten. 
This  in  their  absence  I  thought  expedyent  to  adde  by  y"  Duty  nowe 
bound  to  trade  and  fish  in  Canada,  where  wee  hope  they  will  finde  some 
men  of  Plymouth,  to  y''  ende  that  as  yo"^  had  wrytten  by  every  one,  so 
wee  might  ymitate  yo'  example. 

The  thingf  w'^''  I  will  nowe  propound  to  yo'  Consideracon  are  first.    The 
season  of  y"  yeare  w"''  for  mens  health  may  be  fyttest  to  arryve  in  this  .^^y^^  ,,p^^  ^j^^g  ^^ 
Country.     Wee  here  are  in  o''  opinions  absolutely  for  if  leaf ef all  and  i/amvc  in  Virginia 
umiter  havinge  found  y^  springe  and  somer  both  fatall  and  vnproffitable  to  ''^  '"*  ''""*'^  ^^^^' 
newe  Comers,  and  those  other  two  seasons  quyte  Contrary,  ffor  instance, 
in  these  three  last  menconed  ships  y*'  people  this  springe  Came  in  sickly, 
and  too  [too]  late  eyther  by  plantinge,  settinge,  howinge,  clearinge  ground, 
or  buyldinge,  to  doe  any  worke  of  ymportance.    The  second  thinge  con- 
siderable is  y''  eleccon  of  yo""  people;  that  as  near  as  may  be  none  but  sound 
persons  be  sent  hither,  and  those  yf  it  be  possible  tradesmen,  husbandmen,  ^ '^^*  ^°^^^    "^ 
and  true  labourers.    The  inconvenyence  of  vnsound  bodyes  amonge  sound 
and  healthfull,  and  of  arryvinge  in  y^  springe,  wee  found  in  o''  voyadge  by 
y""  Dyana  both  at  sea,  and  after  wee  come  on  shore.    And  of  this  y'^  Jonathan 
may  be  a  sad  president,  who  lost  twenty  five  of  yo'  land  people  at  sea, 
besides  M''  Rand  y"  M'',  and  three  marriners,  and  some  more  of  y*"  passeng" 
nowe  dead  on  shore.     A  third  matter  of  ymportance  is  y**  passage  from 
England  hither,  vpon  y*'  speedynes  whereof  y"  health  of  o''  people,  and 
many  other  Comodityes  doe  mainely  depende.    Such  a  passage  wee  hope 
M''  Elford  Pylot  of  y*"  Swan  hath  found  by  y"  Course  of  y^  Soiner  Hands,  ^ 
those  other  passages  by  y^  West  Indyes,  and  by  y''  North  beinge  y"  two^Jig^  ^^^  yirgi,,'^^ 
extreames  of  that  golden  Medyum  w^""  I  hope  will  by  proffitable  vse  verify 
y*"  sayinge  Medio  tutissimus  ibis. 

John  Damyron  notw^'^standinge  he  made  a  kinde  of  a  vowe  vpon  o'  vn- 
toward  northerly  passage  in  y°  Dyana  that  he  would  never  stand  y"  like 
Course  for  Virginia  againe  preferred  nowe  obedyence  before  sacrafice,  and 
followed  y'^  comnanyes  direccons  by  y''  way  of  y*"  north,  and  by  longe 

1282—33 21 


Yeat  Since  the  QQ^tynuance  at  sea  (besides  other  inconvenyence)  lost  to  y"  Colony  y^ 
pirnters  doe^ got  benefytt  of  those  silkewormes  W^  his  Ma*^  had  so  gratiously  bestowed 
this  Northerly  vpon  VS.  And  I  pray  god  y^  Bonaventure,  y®  Tryall  and  y*"  ffalcon  (of 
Course  to  New  ^j^qj^  wee  Can  yet  heare  no  newes)  be  not  fallen  into  y^  same  incon- 
Carnr  be^'^so  ^ll  venyence  out  of  y^  same  direccons.  And  yf  wee  may  w^'^out  offence  (as  I 
for  Virginia  humbly  beseech  wee  may)  vtter  o''  mindes,  wee  wonder  why  any  should  so 
Longe  Experience  much  doute  vpon  a  northeme  passage,  w''''  is  never  Comodious  but  in  y^ 
is  the  maine  in  gpj-inge  and  towardf  somer,  both  w''''  seasons  in  respect  of  y^  health  of 
trSi  notTnebutnewe  comers,  of  y''  plenty  of  y*^  Country,  and  of  proffitt  to  be  raysed  are 
many  yeares.  y^  most  ympropcr.  M'  Elford  by  being  blest  of  god  w*''  a  short  passage 
Arriving  in  Maye  brought  all  his  people  in  health,  who  having  bene  here  nowe  allmost  a 
it  faires  well.  moneth,  doe  all  god  be  praysed  as  yet  hold  vp  their  heades,  doe  worke 
stoutly,  and  take  very  good  lykinge  to  y"  Country.  But  they  were  a 
party  of  sound,  honest,  and  Country  labouringe  men. 

Nowe  as  Conc^ninge  y^  buyldinge  of  guest-houses,  this  tyme  of  y^  year  is 
most  vnfittinge,  in  respect  of  y*"  tymb''  to  be  felled,  w"''  would  nowe  be 
full  of  sap  in  respect  of  y''  heate,  and  lastly  in  respect  of  y"  peoples  attend- 
inge  their  corne,  where  on  depende  y"  lives  of  vs  all.  In  winter  some  good 
wilbe  done  in  that  kinde.  To  drawe  y''  old  planters  also  to  assist  in  y^ 
Iron  workes  wilbe  very  harsh  and  difficult,  And  I  doe  verily  knowe,  and 
w*^out  flattery  may  [1^]  confidently  affirme,  that  y^  Governo''  yf  he  wer 
able  would  defray  all  these  publique  affaires  out  of  his  owne  purse,  and 
would  not  put  y^  people  to  so  much  as  an  howers  worke.  He  hath  allready 
by  y^  George,  and  y^  Bona  Nova  (y''  w"^  I  was  much  against)  proffered 
his  salary  towards  y'^  buyldinge  of  a  forte  at  Poynt  Comforte.  If  y^ 
Company  please  they  may  apply  that  to  y*  buylding  of  guest-houses, 
and  other  publique  vses,  and  to  keepe  y*  old  planters  from  losse  and 

It  is  not  longe  agone,  since  y^  Governo"^  made  those  that  watched  here  at 
James  Citty  to  contribute  some  labo'  to  a  bridge,  and  to  c^taine  plat- 
formes  to  mounte  greate  ordinance  vpon,  beinge  both  for  y^  vse  and 
defense  of  y"  same  Citty,  and  so  of  themselves;  yet  they  repyned  as  much 
as  yf  all  their  goods  had  bene  taken  from  them. 

JUNE  12,  1620  303 

Of  these  Iron  workes  so  much  affected  by  y^  Company,  neyther  y^  Gov- 
erno"",  nor  wee  of  y°  Counsell  have  any  skill  at  all  and  must  therefor  be 
slowe  in  delyvering  o''  opinions.  Onely  wee  thinke,  that  so  heavy  and  so 
ymportant  a  worke,  beinge  fytt  to  exercyse  y*"  most  perfect  Comon  weale, 
should  have  taken  moe  tyme  of  delib'ation  there  in  England.  But  espe- 
cially some  skillfull  man  should  have  pvsed  y**  country  for  a  whole  yeare 
before,  and  should  have  bene  sure  of  some  abundant  Iron  mine  and  fyt 
places  to  worke  yt  in,  Notw*''standinge  that  heretofore  there  hath  in  many 
partes  of  this  Country  bene  gathered  some  quantety  of  that  mine  from 
y^  supficyes  of  y"  earth. 

ffor  Pytch  and  tarre,  true  yt  is,  that  as  some  quantety  hath  heretofore 
bene  made,  so  may  there  be  some  made  hereafter,  but  some  here  that  have 
lyved  longe  in  Poland  doe  say,  that  y"  worth  will  no  way  cont'vaile  y^ 
chardge,  and  one  reason  is,  that  whereas  in  Poland  a  principall  country 
for  that  comodity,  there  be  whole  forrests  of  pytch  trees  and  none  else, 
and  that  for  fower,  and  five  hundred  myles  together  in  this  parte  of 
Virginia  y^  same  kinde  of  trees  growe  but  *  *  *  skatteringe  here 
one  and  there  one,  and  may  indeed  be  employed  to  that  vse  but  w**"  greate 
labo"',  and  as  greate  losse. 

ffor  tymber,  and  bourdes  well  may  they  serve  for  y"  vse  of  y^  Colony,  but 
in  sendinge  for  y"  same  expressly  out  of  England,  y"  fraight  would  cost 
double  y^  pryce  of  y"  comodity. 

Silke  is  a  marvellous  hopefull  comodity  in  this  Country,  here  beinge  as  siike. 

many  mulhery  trees  as  in  Persia,  or  in  any  other  parte  of  y'  world  besides. 

Vynes  Cannot  but  prosper  admirably  well  in  this  Country,  where  in  many  vines  abound- 

places  yo"^  can  hardly  walke  y  woods  for  their  intanglem*\    And  in  most^°°j'|^j  vftesTnd 

parte  of  y^  Country  yo"^  shall  see  vines  w""  a  body  as  big  as  a  mans  leg,  taienea. 

as  tall,  and  vpright  as  y'  mast  of  a  ship,  not  touchinge  y'  espoused  tree 

any  where  but  at  y'  top.     Besides  though  y®  ordinary  grape  be  but   a 

Crab,  very  small,  w'''  a  thick  skin,  greate  stones,  and  iuice  harsh,  and 

lytle,  yet  many  sortes  whereof  I  my  selfe  have  tasted  are  to  be  found  of 

y^  quite  contrary  qualityes,  and  that  in  much  excellency.     Here  be  also 

singular  white  grapes  though  rare  to  be  founde,  yet  shall  yt  goe  hard  but 


I  will  bringe  M"^  Chanterton  to  y^  findinge  of  them.  Sure  I  am  I  haue 
tasted  some  grapes  here  as  good  as  in  Greece  or  Italy:  But  S"'  I  must  tell 
yo"^  by  y*"  way,  that  M""  Chanterton  smells  too  much  of  Roome  (in  y""  terri- 
tory whereof  he  served  y**  Colonnessi)  as  he  attempts  to  worke  myracles 
w'''  his  Crucyfixe,  and  to  shewe  as  much  Zeale  in  mayntaining  his  sensles 
rehgion  as  he  doth  professe  yt  w**"  blindnes.  Whereof  y^  Governo'',  vnles 
he  perceive  some  danger,  will  take  no  notyce,  till  y^  man  have  discovered 
his  skill  to  y"  Country,  and  then  yf  he  prove  turbulent,  he  will  do  w*^  him 
as  he  shall  see  cause,  or  as  he  shalbe  Comaunded  out  of  England.  Meane 
A  Spye.  while  he  may  be  come  hither  as  a  spy,  w"^  pointe  [2]  wee  doe  beseech  yo"^ 

throughly  to  consider  of  He  told  me  he  was  at  Roome  in  Octob''  last, 
and  is  nowe  got  hither  by  May,  and  ther  fore  yf  he  be  come  vpon  such  an 
errand,  he  hath  made  greate  speed.  Out  of  y''  Country  by  mine  advise 
he  shall  not  goe  in  hast  to  tell  tales. 

Of  making  Saite  rpj^g  jg^g^  Comodity  spoken  of  in  yo'  Chart'  is  salt;  y*"  workes  whereof  wee 
doe  much  marvell,  yo"'  would  have  restored  to  their  former  vse;  whereas 
I  will  vndertake  in  one  day  to  make  as  much  salt  by  y"  heate  of  y^  sunne, 
after  y"  manner  vsed  in  ffrance,  Spaine,  and  Italy,  as  can  be  made  in  a 
yeare  by  that  toylesome  and  erroneous  way  of  boyling  sea  water  into  salt 
in  kettles  as  o''  people  at  Smyths  Hand  have  hitherto  accustomed.  And 
therefore  when  yo"^  enf  into  this  worke,  yo"'  must  send  men  skillfull  in 
salt  pondes,  such  as  yo"^  may  easily  procure  from  Rochell,  and  yf  yo"^  can 
have  none  there,  yet  will  some  be  found  at  Lymington,  and  in  many  other 
places  in  England.  And  this  indeed  in  a  short  tyme  might  prove  a  reall 
worke  of  greate  sustenance  to  y''  Colony  at  home,  as  of  gaine  abroad,  here 
Fish  in  Abound-  beinge  such  stulls  of  excellent  good  fish,  as  ought  rather  to  be  admyred  of 
ti^if  °  ^  '^^^^'  ^^^h  ^^  have  not  seene  y*"  same,  then  Credited.  Whereas  y'^  company  doe 
give  their  tennants  fifty  acres  vpon  Smyths  Hand  some  there  are  that 
smyle  at  yt  here,  sayinge  there  is  no  ground  in  all  y^  whole  Hand  worth 
y^  manuringe.  But  over  against  yt  on  y*"  maine,  w''^  S''  Thomas  Dale 
bought  from  y'=  Indyans  for  3^  company,  there  is  as  good  ground  as  any 
is  in  Virginia,  and  such  a  place  to  live  in  by  y"*  reporte  of  those  that  have 
bene  there  as  (savinge  y*"  incomodity  of  Musquitos,  w"^^  y"  ground  beinge 
once  cleared  will  vanish)  y''  like  is  skarce  to  be  found  againe  in  y*"  whole 
country.  And  for  my  partycular,  I  was  never  so  enamoured  of  any  place 
w''''  I  have  not  seene,  nor  shalbe  satisfyed  till  I  have  seene  yt. 

JUNE  12,  1620  305 

Cordage,  w"**  I  had  allmost  iniuryously  omytted,  yf  o^  Virginia  hempe  and  riax,  hempe  Nat- 
flttxe,   (w'=''  are  sayd  to  be  y''  most  growinge  thinges  in  y''  country)   doe"""^^  '"   Virginia 
prosper,  will  y"  best  in  y"  world  be  made  here,  y'=  stuffe  by  reporte  beinge   ^^'^  ^"  '^°°' " 
thrise  as  stronge  as  o",  and  a  greate  deale  more  free  from  rottinge,  and 

Whereas  yo"'  have  sent  two  Germans  skillfull  in  mynes,  here  is  a  freind  of 

mine  as  skillfull  as  themselves,  and  my  selfe,  though  vnskillfull,  who  doe 

purpose  w'^'in  fewe  dayes  to  make  tryall  of  their  skill,  in  c9taine  places 

where  wee  hope  to  finde  better  Comodity,  and  of  lesse  labo''  then  Iron  mine,  Mines  ^   better 

and  yet  will  not  goe  about  to  preiudice  y^  Iron  mine  neither.    And  yf  wee*^^"  itonc. 

Chance  to  send  yo'"  over  any  tryall,  yt  shalbe  both  in  that  quantety,  and 

in  that  truth  and  c9tainty  as  there  shalbe  no  doubt  to  be  made  of  yt. 

Where  I  speake  above  in  this  Tre  in  y^  person  of  more  then  my  selfe,  I 

beseech  yo"^"  pardon  me,  because  there  I  speake  not  mine  owne  but  y" 

comon  opinion. 

The  cominge  hither  of  that  vertuous  gentleman  Capt  Thorpe,  was  to  vs  in  'f'si'  Commenda- 
many  respects  as  of  an  Angell  from  heaven,  neyther  did  I  ever  see  anya°^^°^^  ^^^.,1,^'^^^ 
mans  face  out  of  my  natyve  countrey,  that  did  more  ioy  me.  He  will  much  worth  and 
helpe  to  beare  o''  burthen,  and  wilbe  able  in  many  matters  soundly  io^^^^^^^^f^  \  "^^-^ 

1  T  Ti  1  •  rr^  1  •  say  a  [il/oui/icrlin 

resolve  yo"^  at  home.  I  pray  god  send  more  like  vnto  him.  Two  things  Virginia 
might  have  much  discouraged  me  from  doinge  my  duty.  One  is  yo""  not 
vouchsafinge  to  answer,  had  yt  bene  but  in  three  lines,  my  so  many,  and 
so  confident  tres,  so  that  I  knowe  not  whither  I  wryte  nowe  to  a  freind  or 
to  an  enemy.  The  other  was  y^  imbecillity  of  some  of  S""  George  his 
freinds,  who  not  havinge  courage  enough  to  defende  his  tre  by  y*"  fflemish 
man  of  warr,  layd  all  y"  whole  envy  vpon  me,  as  yf  S""  George  had  bene 
so  weake,  as  to  have  signed  to  any  thinge  ignorantly,  or  against  his  will 
or  as  yf  I  had  counterfaycted  his  hand  and  seale.  My  comfort  is  that 
this  wronge  hath  advanced  me  to  so  high  a  dignity  as  yt  is  nowe  in  my 
power  to  pardon  my  betters.  Nowe  that  I  suppose  I  have  weary ed  yo"^,  I 
growe  weary  my  selfe,  though  I  shall  never  be  weary  to  pray  from  y^ 
Almighty  all  happines  vpon  yo"^  and  yo",  nor  to  contynue 
Yo"  most  cordyally  devoted  to  yo''  s''vice 

Jo:  PORY. 
James  Citty  June  y«     *     *     *     th     *     *     *     g     *     *     * 


[Indorsed:]  M^  Porey  to  S^  Edwin  Sandys  y«  12  i\m%—1620. 
[By  John  Ferrar:] 
His  opinions  of  Many  things 
The  best  time  to  Send  peopull  at  the  Fall  of  leaf. 
Of  the  Irone  works    x    x    x    other  mine 
Of  the  Vines,  silke  Cordadg,  Sawing  mills 

Salte  ^  how  hopefuU  and  good  the  latter  worthy  reading  in  these  particu- 
lars: of  Stronge  greate  Vines  a  Bidd  as  a  Mans  legg  and  highe  like  the 
Mast  of  a  Shipp  ^  Some  grapes  as  good  as  Greeke  wines  ^ 
[Address  by  John  Pory:]  Mine  to  Sir  Edwin  Sandys  by  the  Duty  in  her 
voiage  to  Canada. 

CXVII.  Sir  Edwin  Sandys.     A  Letter  to  John  Ferrar 

June  12,  1620 

Ferrar  Papers 

Document  in  Magdalene  College,  Cambridge.     Autograph  Letter,  Signed,  with  Seal 

List  of  Records  No.  181 

S''  I  send  y"  here  now  the  remain  of  my  discoorse,  &  have  entreated  my 
noble  Lord  to  take  pains  to  peruse  it.  I  pray  y"  therfore  take  some  fit 
tyme  to  attend  him  w*^  it,  (the  best  is  soon  after  seven  in  the  morning:) 
&  w^'^all,  if  y"  see  fit,  acquaint  him  w*^  M''  Pories  Panegericks  of  Virginia, 
set  down  in  his  letter:  w"*"  together  w**"  all  the  rest  I  here  return  unto  y". 
I  have  written  very  earnestly  to  M""  Barbor:  doo  y"  also  I  pray  the  like. 
I  have  at  length  received  M""  Mellings  discoorse:  I  see  the  ging  were  all 
nettles,  only  their  Governo''  a  Dock:  who  yet  can  sting  unhappily,  but  it 
must  be  in  secret. 

When  M''  Carter  hath  tyme,  I  desire  that  he  make  a  book  also  of  o''  §pub- 
lique§  Letters  to  o^  Hundred:  as  also  of  o'  Agreemens,  Instructions,  & 
Articles.  Desire  him  to  send  me  down  by  the  next  bote  five  Sum  of  good 
lath  nailes,  but  so  packt  up  that  they  be  not  enbezeled.  Lastly  to  call 
on  M''  Burrell  in  a  line  or  two  to  remember  me.  So  w**"  hartiest  saluta- 
tions from  me  &  myne  to  y"  &  y"",  I  rest 
Y°"  assured, 

Edwin  Sandys 
Northborn  12  June  :  1620. 

JUNE  22,  1620  307 

[Indorsed:]  From  S'  Edwin  at  Northborn  June  12.  1620  to  John  Ferrar 
S  Sithes  Lane 

[Addressed:]  To  my  very  woorthie  frend,  M""  John  Ferrar,  at  his  House  in 
S'  Sithes  Lane  in  London. 

CXVIIL     "His  Maiesties  Counseil  for  Virginia."     "A  Declara- 
tion OF  the  State     *     *     *    in  Virginia." 

June  22,  1620 

Printed.     Copies   in   British   Museum,   Bodleian   Library,    Cambridge   University, 
Harvard  University,  John  Carter  Brown  Library,  Huntington  Library,  Library 
of  Congress,  Newberry  Library,  New  York  Public  Library.  ' 
List  of  Records  No.  183 

A  Declaration  of  the  State  of  the  Colony  and  Affaires  in  Virginia.     With 
the  Names  of  the  Adventurors,  and  Summes  aduentured  in  that 
Action.     By  his  Maiesties  Counseil  for  Virginia.     22.   lunij    1620. 
London:  Printed  by  Thomas  Suodham  1620. 

By  his  Maiesties  Counseil  for  Virginia 

After  the  many  disasters,  wherewith  it  pleased  Almighty  God  to  suffer 
the  great  Enemy  of  all  good  Actions  and  his  Instruments,  to  encounter 
and  interrupt,  to  oppresse  and  keepe  weake,  this  noble  Action  for  the 
planting  of  Virginia,  with  Christian  Rehgion,  and  English  people:  It 
hauing  pleased  him  now  contrarily  of  his  especiall  great  grace,  so  to 
blesse  and  prosper  our  late  carefull  endeuours,  as  well  for  the  repairing  of 
all  former  breaches,  as  for  suppljang  of  the  present  defects,  wherewith  the 
Colony  was  kept  downe,  that  it  hath  as  it  were  on  a  sodaine  growne  to 
double  that  height,  strength,  plenty,  and  prosperity,  which  it  had  in 
former  times  attained:  We  haue  thought  it  now  the  pecuhar  duety  of  our 
place,  accordingly  as  it  hath  beene  also  ordered  by  a  generall  Court,  to 
Summon  as  it  were  by  a  kinde  of  louing  inuitement,  the  whole  Body  of 
the  Noble  and  other  worthy  Aduenturors,  as  well  to  the  conseruing  and 
perfecting  of  this  happy  worke,  as  to  the  reaping  of  the  fruit  of  their  great 
expences  and  trauailes. 

'  See  vol.  I.,  pp.  89,  90.     The  text  is  taken  from  the  copy  in  the  Library  of  Congress. 


And  first  to  remoue  that  vnworthy  aspersion,  where[2]with  ill  disposed 
mindes,  guiding  their  Actions  by  corrupt  ends,  haue  both  by  Letters  from 
thence,  and  by  rumours  here  at  home,  sought  vniustly  to  staine  and  blem- 
ish that  Countrey,  as  being  barren  and  vnprofitable;  Wee  haue  thought  it 
necessary  for  the  full  satisfaction  of  all,  to  make  it  publikely  known, 
that  by  dihgent  examination  we  haue  assuredly  found,  those  Letters 
and  Rumours  to  haue  been  false  and  malicious;  procured  by  practise,  and 
suborned  to  euill  purposes:  and  contrarily  disaduowed  by  the  testimony 
vpon  Oath  of  the  chief e  Inhabitants  of  all  the  Colony;  by  whom  we  are 
ascertained,  that  the  Countrey  is  rich,  spacious  and  well  watered;  tem- 
perate as  for  the  Climate;  very  healthfull  after  men  are  a  httle  accustomed 
to  it;  abounding  with  all  Gods  naturall  blessings:  The  Land  replenished 
with  the  goodliest  Woods  in  the  world,  and  those  full  of  Deere,  and  other 
Beasts  for  sustenance:  The  Seas  and  Riuers  (whereof  many  are  exceeding 
faire  and  nauigable,)  full  of  excellent  Fish,  and  of  all  sorts  desireable;  both 
Water  and  Land  yeelding  Fowle  in  very  great  store  and  variety:  In 
Summe,  a  Countrey,  too  good  for  ill  people;  and  wee  hope  reserued  by 
the  prouidence  of  God,  for  such  as  shall  apply  themselues  faithfully  to  his 
seruice,  and  be  a  strength  and  honour  to  our  King  and  Nation,  But 
touching  those  Commodities  for  which  that  Countrey  is  proper,  and  which 
haue  beene  lately  set  vp  for  the  Aduenturors  benefit:  we  referre  you  to  a 
true  note  of  them,  lately  deliuered  in  a  great  and  generall  Court,  and  here- 
unto annexed  for  your  better  information.  By  which  and  other  approued 
informations  brought  vnto  vs,  We  rest  in  great  assurance,  that  this 
Countrey,  as  it  is  seated  neere  the  midst  of  the  world,  betweene  the 
extreamities  of  heate  and  cold ;  So  it  also  par[3]ticipateth  of  the  benefits  of 
bothe,  and  is  capable  (being  assisted  with  skill  and  industry)  of  the  richest 
commodities  of  most  parts  of  the  Earth.  The  rich  Furres,  Cauiary,  and 
Cordage,  which  we  draw  from  Russia  with  so  great  difficulty,  are  to  be 
had  in  Virginia,  and  the  parts  adioyning,  with  ease  and  plenty.  The 
Masts,  Planckes,  and  Boords,  the  Pitch  and  Tarre,  the  Pot-ashes  and 
Sope-ashes,  the  Hempe  and  Flaxe,  (being  the  materials  of  Linnen,)  which 
now  we  fetch  from  Norway,  Denmarke,  Poland,  and  Germany,  are  there  to 
be  had  in  abundance  and  great  perfection.  The  Iron,  which  hath  so 
wasted  our  English  Woods,  that  it  selfe  in  short  time  must  decay  together 
with  them,  is  to  be  had  in  Virginia,  (where  wasting  of  Woods  is  a  benefit) 

JUNE  22,  1620  309 

for  all  good  conditions  answerable  to  the  best  in  the  world.  The  Wines, 
Fruite,  and  Salt  of  France  and  Spaine;  The  Silkes  of  Persia  and  Italie,  will 
be  found  also  in  Virginia,  and  in  no  kinde  of  worth  inferiour.  We  omit 
here  a  multitude  of  other  naturall  Commodities,  dispersed  vp  and  downe 
the  diuers  parts  of  the  world :  of  Woods,  Rootes,  and  Berries,  for  excellent 
Dyes:  of  Plants  and  other  Drugges,  for  Physicall  seruice:  of  sweet 
Woods,  Oyles,  and  Gummes,  for  pleasure  and  other  vse:  of  Cotten-wooU, 
and  Suger  Canes:  all  which  may  there  also  be  had  in  abundance,  with  an 
infinity  of  other  more:  And  will  conclude  with  these  three,  Corne,  Cattle 
and  Fish,  which  are  the  substance  of  the  foode  of  man.  The  Graines  of 
our  Countrey  doe  prosper  there  very  well:  Of  Wheate  they  haue  great 
plenty:  But  their  Maze,  being  the  naturall  Graine  of  that  Countrey,  doth 
farre  exceede  in  pleasantnesse,  strength,  and  fertility.  The  Cattle  which 
we  haue  transported  thither,  (being  now  growne  neere  to  fine  hundred) 
become  much  bigger  of  Body,  then  the  [4]  breed  from  which  they  came: 
The  Horses  also  more  beautifull,  and  fuller  of  courage.  And  such  is  the 
extraordinary  fertiUty  of  that  Soyle,  that  the  Does  of  their  Deere  yeelde 
two  Fawnes  at  a  birth,  and  sometimes  three.  The  Fishings  at  Cape  Codd, 
being  within  those  Limits,  will  in  plenty  of  Fish  be  equall  to  those  of 
New-found-Land,  and  in  goodnesse  and  greatnesse  much  superiour.  To 
conclude,  it  is  a  Countrey,  which  nothing  but  ignorance  can  thinke  ill  of, 
and  which  no  man  but  of  a  corrupt  minde  and  ill  purpose  can  defame. 
Now  touching  the  present  estate  of  our  Colony  in  that  Country,  We 
haue  thought  it  not  vnfit  thus  much  briefly  to  declare.  There  haue  bin 
sent  thither  this  last  yeere,  and  are  now  presently  in  going,  twelue  hundred 
persons  and  vpward,  as  particularly  appeareth  in  the  note  aboue  specified: 
and  there  are  neere  one  thousand  more  remaining  of  those  that  were  gone 
before.  The  men  lately  sent,  haue  bin  most  of  them  choise  men,  borne 
and  bred  vp  to  labour  and  industry.  Out  of  Deuonshire,  about  an  hundred 
men,  brought  vp  to  Husbandry.  Out  of  Warwickshire  and  Staffordshire, 
about  one  hundred  and  ten ;  and  out  of  Sussex,  about  forty ;  all  framed  to 
/ron-workes:  the  rest  dispersedly  out  of  diuers  Shires  of  the  Realme. 
There  haue  beene  also  sundry  persons  of  good  quality,  much  commended 
for  sufficiency,  industry  and  honesty,  prouided  and  sent  to  take  charge 
and  gouernment  of  those  people.  The  care  likewise  that  hath  beene  taken 
by  directions,   Instructions,   Charters,   and  Commissions  to  reduce  the 


people  and  affaires  in  Virginia  into  a  regular  course,  hath  bin  such  and 
so  great,  that  the  Colony  beginneth  now  to  haue  the  face  and  fashion  of  an 
orderly  State,  and  such  as  is  likely  to  grow  and  prosper.  The  people  are  all 
diuided  [5]  into  seuerall  Burroughs;  each  man  hauing  the  shares  of  Land 
due  to  him  set  out,  to  hold  and  enioy  to  him  and  his  Heires.  The  publike 
Lands  for  the  Company  here,  for  the  Gouernour  there,  for  the  College,  and 
for  each  particular  Burrough,  for  the  Ministers  also,  and  for  diuers  other 
necessary  Officers,  are  likewise  laid  out  by  order,  and  bounded.  The 
particular  Plantations  for  diuers  priuate  Societies,  are  setled  in  their 
Seates,  being  allotted  to  their  content,  and  each  in  conuenient  distance. 
The  rigour  of  Martiall  Law,  wherewith  before  they  were  gouerned,  is 
reduced  within  the  limits  prescribed  by  his  Maiestie:  and  the  laudable 
forme  of  Justice  and  gouernment  vsed  in  this  Realme,  established,  and 
followed  as  neere  as  may  be.  The  Gouernour  is  so  restrained  to  a  Counseil 
ioyned  with  him,  that  hee  can  doe  wrong  to  no  man,  who  may  not  haue 
speedy  remedy.  Each  Burrough,  and  each  particular  Plantation,  partly 
hath,  partly  is  bound  to  haue  in  short  time  a  sufficient  Minister:  for  whom 
maintenance  is  ordained,  to  each  of  two  hundred  pounds  a  yeere  value. 
Which  orderly  proceeding  there,  by  direction  from  hence,  hath  caused 
the  Colony  now  at  length  to  settle  themseiues  in  a  firme  resolution  to 
perpetuate  the  Plantation.  They  fall  to  building  of  Houses,  each  for  his 
owne  priuate ;  and  the  Generalitie  to  the  rearing  of  publique  Guest-houses, 
for  entertaining  of  new  men  vpon  their  first  arriuall.  They  fall  to  set  vp 
their  Ploughes ;  to  the  planting  of  Vineyards;  to  the  pursuing  of  the  Staple 
Commodities  furnished  and  commended  from  hence.  In  summe,  they  are 
now  so  full  of  alacritie  and  cheerefulnesse,  that  in  a  late  generall  Assembly, 
they  haue  in  the  name  of  the  Colony  presented  their  greatest  possible  thankes 
to  the  Company,  for  the  care  that  hath  beene  taken  for  the  set[6]ling  of 
the  Plantation.  Neither  is  it  to  be  omitted,  the  care  which  hath  beene 
had  here  lately  at  home,  for  the  reducing  of  all  the  proceedings  and  affaires 
of  the  Company,  to  an  orderly  course  of  good  gouernment  and  Justice. 
Wherein  to  begin  with  the  fountaine  thereof,  his  Maiesties  authoritie  and 
pleasure,  there  hath  beene  a  collection  made  of  all  the  branches  of  the 
same,  dispersed  in  his  Letters  Patents,  now  three  times  renewed:  as  also 
out  of  other  Instructions  proceeding  from  his  Maiestie.  Out  of  both 
which,  together  with  such  other  Orders  as  (authorized  by  his  Maiestie) 

JUNE  22,  1620  311 

the  Company  themselues  haiie  thought  necessary  to  make,  hath  beene  com- 
piled a  booke  of  standing  Orders  and  Constitutions,  approued  by  the  generall 
consent  of  all  the  Company:  whereby  both  the  company  here,  and  the 
Colony  in  Virginia,  haue  their  businesse  carried  regularly,  industriously, 
and  iustly,  euery  man  knowing  both  his  right  and  duty,  to  their  generall 
great  content,  and  the  great  aduancement  of  the  Action.  And  whereas 
the  Colony  hkewise  haue  beene  often  Sutors  in  effect,  to  reduce  into  a 
compendious  and  orderly  forme  in  writing,  the  Lawes  of  England  proper 
for  the  vse  of  that  Plantation,  with  addition  of  such  other,  as  the  nature 
of  the  place,  the  nouitie  of  the  Colony,  and  other  important  circumstances 
should  necessarily  require:  a  course  is  likewise  taken  for  the  effecting  of 
this  worke ;  yet  so  as  to  submit  it  first  to  his  Maiesties  view  and  approbation ; 
it  being  not  fit  that  his  Maiesties  Subiects  should  be  gouerned  by  any 
other  Lawes,  then  such  as  receiue  the  influence  of  their  life  from  him. 

And  now  to  come  to  that  which  concerneth  the  Aduenturors  in  particular, 
by  whose  charges,  care,  and  labour  (next  vnto  his  Maiesties  especiall 
grace)  this  famous  Plan[7]tation  hath  not  onely  beene  vndertaken,  but 
through  so  many  difficulties  vpheld  and  continued:  we  should  be  very 
greatly  iniurious  to  them,  if  we  should  not  acquaint  them  with  this  season- 
able time,  for  the  reaping  of  that  benefit  and  reward  which  is  due  vnto 
them.  We  therefore  let  them  know,  that  in  this  last  yeare  now  ended, 
there  haue  beene  granted  by  the  Company  vnder  their  legall  Seale,  eleuen 
seuerall  Patents  for  particular  Plantations;  and  more  are  in  hand  to  be 
passed  this  next  Quarter-Court.  It  is  not  vnprobable  that  vpon  each  of 
these  Patents,  diners  hundreds  of  persons  will  soone  Plant  in  Virginia: 
there  haue  beene  already  transported  vpon  the  first,  aboue  three  hundred 
men.  These  and  other  like  Planters,  hauing  priority  of  time,  will  haue 
priority  also  in  choise  of  the  Seat  of  their  Plantations.  Seeing  therefore 
the  onely  matter  of  retribution  to  the  Aduenturors,  is  ])y  a  faire  proportion 
of  Land  to  them  and  their  heires;  namely  of  one  hundred  acres  for  euery 
share  of  twelue  pounds  &  ten  shillings,  vpon  a  first  diuision ;  &  as  much  more 
vpon  a  second,  the  first  being  peopled;  with  fiftie  acres  for  euery  person, 
(to  be  doubled  in  like  manner)  which  at  their  own  charges  they  shall 
transport  to  inhabit  in  Virginia  before  the  24.  day  of  lune  1625.  if  he 
continue  there  three  yeeres,  either  at  one  or  seuerall  times,  or  die  after 
he  is  shipped  for  that  voyage:  It  standeth  them  vpon,  who  are  not  willing 


to  be  the  least  in  the  benefit  to  be  partaked,  not  to  be  the  last  in  setting 
foorth  to  the  choise  and  peopling  of  their  Land.  Wherein  what  fauour  or 
assistance  may  by  vs  be  giuen  them,  they  shall  be  well  assured  of  it,  in 
equall  proportion  with  our  selues,  as  their  charges  and  long  expectance 
haue  well  deserued.  And  to  the  end  that  not  onely  the  Aduenturors  now 
liuing,  but  the  Heires  also  of  the  de[8]ceased,  may  take  certaine  notice  of 
the  seuerall  proportions  of  Land,  which  ratably  to  their  Aduentures  in  mony 
are  due  and  belonging  to  them:  And  likewise  that  posteritie  may  truely 
know,  by  whose  charges  this  Plantation  (next  vnder  his  Maiestie)  hath 
beene  happily  founded,  maintained,  and  continued:  We  haue  here,  ac- 
cording to  an  Order  of  Court,  set  downe  in  an  Alphabeticall  Table  the 
names  of  all  the  Aduenturors,  with  all  their  seuerall  summes  aduentured. 
Wherein  if  by  errour,  or  other  mis-accident,  there  haue  wrong  be  done 
to  any  man;  if  within  one  twelue  moneth  after  the  date  hereof,  he  giue 
notice  and  make  proofe  thereof  to  the  Companies  Auditors,  he  shall  be 
set  right,  and  the  Table  reformed:  there  being  not  any  thing  more  deere 
vnto  vs,  then  to  doe  right  vnto  them,  with  all  Justifiable  curtesie,  who  haue 
beene  beginners  and  continuers  of  this  glorious  worke,  tending  so  much 
to  the  propagating  of  the  true  seruice  of  Almighty  God,  to  the  adding  of 
greatnesse  and  honour  to  our  King,  and  to  the  benefit  of  our  whole  Nation 
in  disburdening  their  multitude.     22.  lunij.  1620.^ 

[15]  A  Declaration  of  the  Supplies  intended  to  be  sent  to  Virginia,  in 
this  yeare  1620.  By  his  Maiesties  Counseil  for  Virginia.  18.  lulij  1620. 
Whereas  the  Right  Honourable,  Henry  Earle  of  Southampton,  with  the 
aduise  and  consent  of  the  Counseil  and  Company  for  Virginia,  hath  re- 
solued  and  concluded  to  imploy  all  good  meanes  in  this  present  yeare, 
1620.  not  onely  for  the  aduancing  of  the  Plantation  in  strength  and  multi- 
tude of  good  people,  but  also  for  the  enriching  thereof  with  store  of  cattell 
of  diuers  sorts,  and  by  setting  vp  or  encreasing  such  Staple  Commodities, 
as  being  proper  for  that  Countrey,  may  be  also  of  most  necessary  vse  for 
this  Realme,  and  redound  in  fine  to  the  greatest  benefit  of  both  Aduen- 
turors and  Planters,  and  lastly  [16]  for  the  eftablifhing  there  of  fuch  good 
Gouernment  (originally  deriued  from  the  Kings  moft  excellent  Maieflie,  the 
firft  and  chiefe  Founder  of  this  glorious  worke)  as  whereby  the  people 

'  Next  follows,  in  the  Library  of  Congress  copy  of  the  book,  "A  Note  of  the  Shipping,"  etc., 
printed  in  this  volume  as  Document  No.  XLIX  (List  of  Records  No.  92). 

JUNE  22,  1620  313 

there,  diuided  in  foyle  onely,  but  ftill  participating  in  the  rehgious  and 
happy  gouernment  of  this  their  natiue  Countrey,  may  continue  alwayes 
as  one  and  the  fame  people  with  vs,  according  to  the  moft  Princely  direc- 
tion of  his  Maieftie :  We  haue  thought  it  very  neceffarie  for  the  feconding 
and  forwarding  of  thofe  fo  noble  Defignes,  not  onely  to  publifli  them  to 
the  Aduenturors  in  generall,  thereby  to  inuite  them  to  concurre  with  vs  in 
the  fame,  but  alfo  to  fet  downe  fuch  particularities  requifite,  as  whereby 
the  preparations  of  all  forts  needfuU,  may  vpon  this  timely  warning,  both 
better  and  more  feafonably  be  made  and  compalTed. 

Firft  therefore  we  haue  thought  fit,  to  make  it  publikely  knowne,  that 
befides  the  great  ftore  of  particular  Plantatiofis  now  in  prouiding,  and  like 
very  fhortly  in  large  proportion  to  augment,  the  Company  haue  refolued 
in  a  late  generall  Court,  by  the  bleffmg  of  God,  to  fet  out  this  yeere  at 
the  publike  charge,  and  to  fend  to  Virginia,  eight  hundred  choife  perfons, 
of  the  qualities  enfuing:  Firft,  foure  hundred,  to  be  Tenants  of  the  general 
land  of  the  Company,  to  make  vp  the  number  of  thofe  Tenants  ful  500. 
wherof  200.  to  be  placed  at  Elizabeth  Citie,  with  the  Companies  Deputie: 
100.  at  Henrico,  100.  at  Charles  Citie:  And  at  lames  Citie  there  are  a 
hundred  and  more  already.  Secondly,  one  hundred,  to  be  Tenants  to  fuch 
Officers,  &c.  as  the  Court  already  hath,  or  Ihall  fliortly  appoint:  viz.  10. 
for  the  Deputy  of  the  College,  [17]  40.  for  the  Companies  Deputy:  20.  for 
the  Secretary:  10  more  (befides  50.  already  fent)  for  the  Minifters:  and 
20.  for  the  Phifitian:  their  care  for  the  eafe  and  profperity  of  the  Colonic, 
being  fuch  and  fo  great,  as  to  caufe  them  to  endowe  thofe  Offices  and 
places,  (as  they  haue  formerly  done  others,)  with  faire  poileihons,  furnifl-ied 
with  Tenants  and  other  fit  prouifions:  that  the  people  may  haue  the 
benefit  by  them,  and  yet  be  freed  from  the  burden.  Thirdly  one  hundred 
yong  Maides  to  make  wiues  for  thefe  Tenants  as  the  former  90.  which 
haue  been  lately  fent.  Fourthly,  one  hundred  Boyes,  to  be  apprentizes 
likewife  to  the  publike  Tenants.  Fiftly,  one  hundred  feruants  to  be 
difpofed  amongft  the  old  Planters,  which  they  greatly  defire,  and  haue 
offered  to  defray  their  charges  with  very  great  thankes.  And  although 
by  reafon  of  the  preparations  already  made,  the  difficulty  may  be  well 
conceiued  to  be  in  great  part  ouercome,  and  the  profit  much  more  neere, 
and  more  eafie  to  come  by,  yet  the  Companie  wholly  affecting  the  peoples 
profperity,  haue  determined  to  deale  both  as  fauourably  in  the  Contracts, 


and  as  bountifully  in  all  forts  of  furniture  and  prouifions  with  the  Tenants 
which  fhal  now  goe,  as  they  haue  done  with  thofe,  which  haue  beene 
formerly  fent.  Which  conditions  it  hath  beene  thought  fit  here  to  reinfert 
and  publifh. 

T7very  man  Iran/ported  into  Virginia,  with  intent  there  to  inhabit,  as  Tenants 
^^  to  the  Common  land  of  the  Company,  or  to  the  puhlike  land,  /hall  be  freely 
landed  there  at  the  charge  of  the  Company:  And  fhal  be  furnijhed  with  pro- 
uijions  of  viduallfor  one  whole  [18]  yeare  next  after  his  arriuall,  as  alfo  of 
Cattle:  And  with  apparell,  weapons,  tooles  and  implements,  both  of  houfe  and 
labour,  for  his  necejfary  vje.  He  /hall  enioy  the  ratable  moytie  of  all  the 
profits  that /hall  be  raifed  of  the  larid  on  which  he/hall  be  Planted,  as  well 
Come  and  Cattle,  as  other  commodities  what/oeuer:  the  other  halfe  being  due 
to  the  Owners  of  the  Land. 

He  /hall  be  tyed  by  Couenant,  to  continue  vpon  that  Land  for  the  Terme  of 
feauen  yeares :  which  being  expired,  itjhal  be  in  his  choyfe,  whither  to  continue 
there  or  to  remoue  to  any  other  place,  at  his  owne  will  and  pleajure. 

Of  thefe  perfons,  one  hundred  and  twenty  (fuch  as  are  to  be  Tenants)  are 
to  be  flipped  here  for  Virginia,  by  the  midft  of  AuguJ}  now  at  hand:  and 
the  reft  in  January  and  February  enfuing. 

The  next  preparations  are  of  Cattle  of  diuers  forts:  whereof  there  are 
intended  in  the  next  Spring  to  be  fent  thefe  enfuing.  One  hundred  Kine, 
for  this  addition  of  500.  Tenants.  One  hundred  Kine  more,  to  remaine 
in  a  perpetuall  ftock  vpon  the  Companies  Land,  to  be  lent  to  new  Planters, 
as  hath  bin  formerly  ordered.  Foure  hundred  Goats,  twenty  Mares, 
fourefcore  Affes  to  be  procured  from  France:  The  care  of  prouiding  which, 
is  commended  to  diuers  feledt  perfons  by  parts,  and  the  whole  to  the 
ouerfight  of  the  generall  Comitties. 

The  laft  prouifions  appointed  to  be  made,  are  for  the  fetting  vp,  or  increafing 
of  diuers  principall  Commodities.  For  Silke,  there  is  prouifion  to  be  made, 
of  great  ftore  of  Silke-worme-Jeede  about  Michaelmas  [19]  next:  as  alfo  of 
men  skilfuU  in  the  ordering  as  w^ell  of  the  Wormes,  as  of  their  Silke,  which 
are  to  be  fent  away  in  a  Pinnace,  in  Odober  betimes.  For  Hempe  and 
Flaxe,  Pot-apes  and  Sope-ajhes,  Pitch  and  Tarre,  there  is  a  Treaty  already 
on  foote,  for  procuring  of  men  skilfull  in  thofe  Trades  from  the  Eafterne 

JUNE  22,  1620  315 

parts:  befides  the  Polakers  yet  remaining  in  Virginia.  For  Winea,  it  is 
alfo  ordered,  that  men  skilfull  be  procured  in  the  planting  and  drefi'mg 
of  Vines,  out  of  France  and  from  the  Rhene:  and  from  thence  alfo  and 
other  parts  to  procure  Plants  of  the  beft  kindes.  For  Oyle,  befides  great 
quantitie  to  be  made  out  of  the  Walnuts,  growing  naturally  in  Virginia 
in  great  abundance,  Oliue-Plants  are  to  be  prouided  from  Marfeilles  and 
Ligorno.  For  Fi/h,  which  on  thofe  Coafts  are  taken  in  great  plenty,  and 
in  worth  much  better  then  in  New-found-Land,  there  is  care  and  a  courfe 
taken,  to  preferue  the  Companies  Liberties,  and  to  fet  vp  the  Fifhings  in 
better  fort  then  heretofore.  For  Salt,  order  is  giuen  for  the  making  of  it 
in  abundance,  and  after  the  manner  of  thofe  hotter  Climates,  which  may 
prooue  a  great  helpe  to  increafe  the  Plantation.  For  Iron,  there  is  sufficient 
done  alreadie. 

And  for  Sawing-Milles,  befides  thofe  already  gone  this  Spring,  there  are 
lately  come  from  Hamhorough,  diuers  Workemen  very  skilfull,  to  be  fent 
in  the  next  fhip.  And  that  nothing  may  be  wanting  for  the  Companies 
Tenants,  there  is  a  Pinnace  already,  and  other  Boates  Jhall  be  prouided, 
to  remaine  there  at  the  Deputies  commaund,  to  traffique  and  trade  for  the 
Company  and  their  Tenants  vnder  his  charge. 

[20]  Thefe  large  fupphes  of  men,  Cattle,  and  Commodities,  as  they  tend 
to  the  accomplifhing  of  this  great  worke  of  the  Plantation:  fo  can  they 
not  be  themfelues  effedled,  without  large  prouifion  of  money,  being  the 
fmewes  and  mouing  Inftruments  in  thefe  great  Acftions. 

To  which  end  wee  defire  the  noble  and  worthy  Aduenturors,  to  be  alTifting 
to  vs,  by  fuch  meanes  as  they  fhall  pleafe:  efpecially  that  the  remaine  of 
all  promifed  Aduentures,  may  in  Michaelmas  Terme  next  be  paid  in 
without  faile,  which  we  truft  will  now  be  done  cheerefully  on  all  parts, 
the  inuitements  of  this  yeere  being  well  confidered:  that  as  the  prefenting 
of  their  firft  payments,  hath  been  the  beginning,  fo  the  performance  of 
the  later,  may  be  the  perfecting  and  finifliing  of  this  worke,  fo  glorious 
before  God  and  man. 

And  here  by  the  way,  for  the  clearing  of  fome  fcruples  and  errors  through 
miftaking  of  our  writings  lately  publifhed,  we  are  to  aduertife,  that  the 
Alphabet  of  Aduenturers  and  fummes  aduentured,  neither  then  conueniently 


could,  nor  was  intended  to  extend  any  further,  then  to  fuch  fummes  as 
haue  been  paid  in  to  the  Treafurors  of  the  Company,  and  to  Sir  Baptijl 
Hicks,  by  fpeciall  order  of  Court.  And  whereas  diuers  other  bils  of  Aduen- 
ture,  haue  bin  heretofore  dehuered,  partly  vpon  perfonall  aduenture,  and 
no  money  paid  in,  partly  vpon  gift  from  the  Company,  in  regard  of  deferts, 
partly  for  fummes  paid  to  other  men,  whofe  Accounts  hang  yet  vncleared 
(and  not  to  the  Treafurors)  and  partly  for  goods  which  neuer  came  [21] 
within  the  Treafurors  Accounts,  but  of  other  inferiour  Officers,  into  whofe 
hands  they  were  deliuered,  for  which  notwithftanding  bils  of  Aduenture 
haue  been  deliuered,  mentioning  as  if  it  were  money  paid  to  the  Treafuror: 
If  the  Aduenturors  fhall  be  pleafed  within  the  time  prefixed,  to  put  in 
their  iufh  claimes,  by  thefe  or  any  other  wayes  whatfoeuer,  there  fhall  be 
right  done  to  them,  and  a  new  Alphabeticall  booke  fhall  be  publifhed, 
embracing  exadtly  all  kinde  of  Aduenturors,  with  their  feueral  fummes 
either  really  aduentured,  or  otherwife  accepted,  allowed  or  befhowed,  be 
it  vpon  what  caufe,  or  in  what  kinde  foeuer. 

Now  if  the  Aduenturors  be  thus  requefted,  with  much  greater  reafon  are 
all  Accountants  to  the  Company  to  be  prayed  and  required,  to  prepare  and 
make  perfed;  their  feuerall  Accounts,  and  to  pay  in  thofe  monyes,  which 
fhall  remaine  due  to  the  Company:  that  fo  all  parts  concurring  with  their 
duties  and  endeuours,  the  worke  may  proceede  with  generall  ioy. 
Lafhly,  as  heretofore,  fo  we  now  alfo  declare,  that  the  perfons  to  be  admitted 
to  goe,  as  the  Companies-Tenants,  and  with  the  forefaid  conditions,  fhall 
be  no  other  then  good  men,  that  is  to  fay,  of  good  Trades,  of  skill  in 
husbandry,  or  induftrious  labourers ;  and  fuch  of  thofe  as  fhall  be  commended 
for  their  honeft  conuerfation:  which  perfons  repairing  to  the  Citie  of 
London,  to  Mr.  Ferrar,  Deputy  to  the  Company,  his  houfe  in  St.  Sithes 
lane,  in  the  beginning  of  Augujl,  and  in  the  middle  of  January,  next, 
according  to  the  feuerall  numbers  at  thofe  times  to  be  fent,  fhall  from 
thence-forward  be  entertained,  at  the  Companies  char-  [22]  ges,  til  fuch 
time  as  they  be  fhipped  for  Virginia:  there  being  efpeciall  care  likewife 
taken,  for  the  prouiding  of  good  Commanders  and  Directors  of  their 

Giuen  in  a  Generall  Court  held  for  Virginia  the  eighteenth  of  July,  1620. 

The  feuerall  Trades-men  to  be  entertained. 

JUNE  22,  1620  317 

Husbandmen.  Fowlers. 

Gardners.  Fifliermen. 

Brewers.  Fifli-hookemakers. 

Bakers.  Net-makers. 

Sawyers.  Shooe-makers. 

Carpenters.  Rope-makers, 

loyners.  Tile-makers. 

Ship-wrights.  Edgetoole-makers. 

Boat-wrights.  Bricke-makers. 

Plough-wrights.  Bricke-layers. 

Mil-wrights.  Dreffers  of  Hempe  and 
Mafons.  Flaxe. 

Turners.  Lime-burners. 

Smiths  of  all  forts.  Lether-dreflers. 

Coopers  of  all  forts.  Men  skilfull  in  Vines. 

Weauers.  Men  for  Iron-workes. 

Tanners.  Men  skilfull  in  Mines. 

[23]  The  Names  of  the  Aduenturers,  with  their  seuerall  summes  aduen- 
tured,  paid  to  Sir  Thomas  Smith,  Knight,  late  Treasurer  of  the  Com- 
pany for  Virginia. 

A  li.         s. 

Sir  William  Aliffe 50. 

Sir  Roger  Aston 10. 

Sir  Anthony  Ashley 37.     10 

Sir  lohn  Akland 12.     10 

Sir  Anthony  Aucher 12.     10 

Sir  Robert  Askwith 37.     10 

Doctor  Francis  Anthony 100. 

Charles  Anthony 137.     10 

Edward  Allen 100. 

Edmund  Allen,  Esquire 25. 

lohn  Allen 12.     10 

Thomas  Allen 12.     10 

William  Atkinson,  Esquire 37.     10 

Richard  Ashcroft 25. 

Nicholas  Andrews 62.     10 

lohn  Andrews  the  elder 25. 

1282—33 22 


li.        s. 

lohn  Andrews  the  yoimger 25. 

lames  Ascough 37.     10 

Giles  Allington 25. 

Morris  Abbot 50. 

[24]  Ambrose  Asten 12.     10 

lames  Askew 25. 

Anthony  Abdey 37.     10 

lohn  Arundell  of  Trerise,  Esquire 25. 


Edward,  Earle  of  Bedford 120. 

lames,  Lord  Bishop  of  Bathe  &  Wells 75. 

Sir  Francis  Barrington 37.     10 

Sir  Morice  Barkley 80. 

Sir  lohn  Benet 25. 

Sir  Thomas  Beamont 25. 

Sir  Amias  Bamfield 12.     10 

Su:  lohn  Bourcher 37.     10 

Sir  Edmund  Bowyer 12.     10 

Su- Thomas  Bludder 25. 

Sir  George  Bolles 37.     10 

Sir  lohn  Bingley 125. 

Sir  Thomas  Button 25. 

Company  of  Barber-surgeons 25. 

Company  of  Bakers 40. 

Richard  Banister 50. 

lohnBancks 112.     10 

Miles  Bankes 50. 

ThomasBarber 62.     10 

William  Bonham 120. 

lames  Bryerley 87.     10 

William  Barnes 37.     10 

Anthony  Barners,  Esquire 100. 

William  Brewster 20. 

Richard  Brooke 50. 

[25]  Hugh  Brooker,  Esquire 50. 

Ambrose  Brewsey 12.     10 

lohnBrooke 12.     10 

Matthew  Bronuidge 50. 

Christofer  Brooke,  Esquire 50. 

MartinBond 12.     10 

Gabriel  Beadle 12,     10 

JUNE  22,  1620  319 

li.        8. 

lohnBeadle 12.     10 

Dauid  Borne 25. 

Edward  Barnes 50. 

lohnBadger 12.     10 

Edmund  Branduell 25. 

Robert  Bowyer,  Esquire 25. 

Robert  Bateman 25. 

Thomas  Britton 25. 

Nicholas  Benson 75. 

Edward  Bishop 75. 

Peter  Burgoney 25. 

Thomas  Burgoney 12.     10 

Robert  Burgoney 12.     10 

Christofer  Baron 62.     10 

Peter  Benson 25. 

lohn  Baker 25. 

lohn  Bustoridge 25. 

Francis  Burley 25. 

William  Browne 12.     10 

Robert  Barker 25. 

Samuel  Burnham 12.     10 

Edward  Barkley 12.     10 

William  Bennet 25. 

Captain  Edward  Brewster 30. 

[26]  Thomas  Brocket 25. 

lohn  Bullock 25. 

George  Bache 12.     10 

ThomasBayly 12.     10 

William  Barkley 12.     10 

George  Butler 25. 

Timothy  Bathurst 25. 

George  Burton 12.     10 

Thomas  Brett 35. 

Captaine  lohn  Brough 25. 

Thomas  Baker 100. 

lohn  Blunt 12.     10 

ThomasBayly 25. 

Richard  and  Edward  Bluut 12.     10 

Mineon  Burrell 12.     10 

Richard  Blackmore 25. 

William  Beck 25. 


li.         s. 

Beniamin  Brand 12.     10 

lohn  Busbridge 37.     10 

William  Burrell 37.     10 

William  Barret 25. 

Francis  Baldwin 12.     10 

Edward  Barber 12.     10 

Humfrey  Basse 25. 

Robert  Bell 37.     10 

Matthew  Bromrick 16. 

lohn  Beaumont 12.     10 

George  Barkeley 12.     10 

Peter  Bartle 37.     10 

Thomas  Brettou 12.     10 

lohn  Blount 25. 

[27]  Arthur  Bromfeld,  Esquire 25. 

William  Berbloke 12.     10 

Charles  Beck 25. 


George,  Lord  Archbishop  of  Canterbury 75. 

William,  Lord  Cranborne,  now  Earle  of  SaUsbury 25. 

William,  Lord  Compton,  now  Earle  of  North-hampton 100. 

William,  Lord  Cauendish,  now  Earle  of  Deuonsliire 137.     10 

Richard,  Earle  of  Clanricard 20. 

Sir  William  Cauendish,  now  Lord  Cauendish 25. 

Gray,  Lord  Chandos 50. 

Sir  Henry  Cary 20. 

Sir  George  Caluert 25. 

SirLionell  Cranfield 12.     10 

Sir  Edward  Cecill 25. 

Sir  Robert  Gotten 25. 

Sir  Oliuer  Cromwell 65. 

Sir  Anthony  Cope 40. 

Sir  Walter  Cope 165. 

Sir  Edward  Carr 12.     10 

Sir  Thomas  Conisbie 50. 

Sir  George  Cary 45. 

Sir  Edward  Conwey 100. 

Sir  Walter  Chute 25. 

Sir  Edward  Culpeper 12.     10 

[28]  Sir  Henry  Cary,  Captaine 25. 

Sir  Walter  Couert 12.     10 

JUNE  22,  1620  321 

li.         s. 

Sir  William  Crauen 75. 

Sir  George  Coppin 115. 

Sir  George  Chute 12.     10 

Sir  Thomas  Couentry 12.     10 

Lady  Gary 12.     10 

Company  of  Clothworkers 100. 

City  of  Chichester 25. 

Robert  Chamberlaine,  Esquire 100. 

Richard  Chamberlaine,  Esquire 150. 

Francis  Couill 112.     10 

William  Coyse,  Esquire 100. 

Abraham  Chamberlaine 112.     10 

Thomas  Carpenter 49.       3 

Anthony  Crew 25. 

Richard  Cox 25. 

WilUam  Crosley 75. 

lames  Chatfield 12.     10 

Richard  Caswell 125. 

lohn  Cornelis 62.     10 

Randall  Carter 100. 

Executors  of  Randall  Carter 25. 

Richard  Champion 37.     10 

Rawley  Crashaw 25. 

Henry  Collins 12.     10 

Henry  Cromwell,  Esquire 25. 

lohn  Cooper 25. 

Richard  Cooper 25. 

Thomas  Colthurst 25. 

lohn  Casson 50. 

[29]  Master  Allen  Gotten,  Alderman 62.     10 

Edward  Gage 87.     10 

Abraham  Carthwright 75. 

Robert  Coppin 12.     10 

Thomas  Gonock 25. 

lohn  Clapham 25. 

Thomas  Church 62.     10 

William  Carpenter 37.     10 

Laurence  Gampe 100. 

lames  Gambell 25. 

Christofer  Gletheroe 50. 

Matthew  Cooper 25. 

George  Chamber 12.     10 


li.  8. 

Captaine  lohn  Cooke 25. 

Captaine  Thomas  Conwey,  Esquire 37.     10 

Edward  Culpeper,  Esquire 25. 

Master  William  Crashaw 37.     10 

Abraham  Colmer 12.     10 

lohn  Culpeper 37.     10 

Edmund  Colbey 12.     10 

Richard  Cooper 12.     10 

Robert  Creswell 12.     10 

William  Crow 12.     10 

Abraham  Carpenter 12.     10 

lohn  Crow 37.     10 

Thomas  Cordell 50. 

Richard  Connock,  Esquire 20. 

William  Compton 25. 

William  Chester 12.     10 

Thomas  Couel 25. 

Richard  Carmarden,  Esquire 25. 

[30]  William  and  Paul  Canning 37.     10 

Henry  Cromwell,  Esquire 37.     10 

Simon  Codrington 12.     10 

Clement  Chichley 25. 

lames  Cullemore 25. 

William  Cantrell 12.     10 


Richard,  Earle  of  Dorset 120. 

Edward,  Lord  Denny 13.        6 

Sir  lohn  Digby,  now  Lord  Digby 25. 

Sir  lohn  Doderidge 25. 

Sir  Drew  Drewry  the  elder 75. 

Sir  Thomas  Dennis 30. 

Sir  Robert  Drewry 10. 

Sir  lohn  Dauers 25. 

Sir  Dudley  Diggs 37.     10 

Sir  Marmaduke  Dorrel 50. 

Sir  Thomas  Dale 25. 

Dompany  of  Drapers 150. 

Company  of  Dyers 75. 

Towne  of  Douer 25. 

Master  Richard  Deane,  Alderman 37.     10 

Henry  Dawkes 25. 

JUNE  22,  1620  323 

11.        s. 

Edward  Dichfeild 68.     15 

William  Dunne 25. 

lohn  Dauis 25. 

Matthew  Dequester 87.     10 

Philip  Durdent 25. 

Abraham  Dawes 62.     10 

lohn  Dyke 50. 

[31]  Thomas  Draper 87.     10 

Lancelot  Dauis 25. 

Rowley  Dawsey 25. 

William  Dobson,  Esquire 37.     10 

Anthony  Dyot,  Esquire 25. 

Auery  Dranfield 25. 

RogerDye 37.     10 

lohn  Downes 37.     10 

lohn  Drake,  Esquire 12.     10 

lohn  Delbridge 37.     10 

Beniamin  Decroe 37.     10 

Thomas  Dyke 25 . 

Jeffrey  Duppa 50. 

Daniel  Darnelly 45. 

Sara  Draper 12.     10 

Clement  and  Henry  Dawkney 20. 


Thomas,  Earle  of  Exeter 140. 

Sir  Thomas  Euerfield 12.     10 

Sir  Francis  Egiock 37.     10 

lohn  Eldred,  Esquire 137.     10 

William  Euans 87.     10 

Richard  Euans 50. 

Hugh  Euans 50. 

Raph  Ewens,  Esquire 37.     10 

lohnElkin 75. 

lohnElkin 25. 

Robert  Euelin 17. 

Nicholas  Exton 74.     10 

lohnExton 12.     10 

[32]  George  Etheridge 62.     10 


F  li.            8. 

Sir  Moyle  Finch 50. 

Sir  Henry  Fanshaw 70. 

Sir  Thomas  Freake 25. 

Sir  Peter  Fretchuile 37.     10 

Sir  William  Fleetwood 37.     10 

SirHenryFane 12.     10 

Company  of  Fishmongers 150. 

lohn  Fletcher 62.     10 

lohn  Farmer 100. 

Martin  Freeman,  Esquire 75. 

Raph  Freeman 62.     10 

William,  and  Raph  Freeman 25. 

Michael  Fetiplace 12.     10 

William  Fetiplace 10. 

Thomas  Forrest 50. 

Edward  Fleetwood,  Esquire 62.     10 

William  Felgate 62.     10 

William  Field 25. 

Nicholas  Ferrar 50. 

Giles  Francis 50. 

Edward  Fawcet 75. 

Richard  Farrington 25. 

lohn  Francklin 25. 

Richard  Frith 25. 

lohn  Feme 25. 

George  Farmer 25. 

Thomas  Francis 12.     10 

lohn  Fenner 50. 

[33]  Nicholas  Fidler,  Esquire 20. 

Thomas  Foxall 37.     10 

William  Fleet 37.     10 

Peter  Franck,  Esquire 12.     10 

Richard  Fishborne 25. 

William  Faldoe 12.     10 

lohn  Fletcher,  and  Company 75. 

William  Ferrers 37.     10 


Lady  Elizabeth  Gray 25. 

Sir  lohn  Gray 12.     10 

Sir  William  Godolfine 37.     10 

Sir  Thomas  Gates 100. 

JUNE  22,  1620  325 

li.        s. 

Sir  William  Gee 25. 

Sir  Richard  Grobham 50. 

Sir  William  Garaway 83.       6.  8 

Sir  Francis  Goodwin 37.     10 

Sir  George  Goringe 25. 

Company  of  Grocers 487.     10 

Company  of  Goldsmithes 200. 

Company  of  Girdlers 50. 

lohn  Geering 112.     10 

lohn  Gardiner 75. 

Richard  Gardiner 12.     10 

lohnGUbert 62.     10 

Thomas  Graue 25. 

lohn  Gray 25. 

Nicholas  Greice 25. 

Richard  Goddard 25. 

Thomas  Gipps 12.     10 

[34]  PeterGates 12.     10 

Thomas  Gibbs,  Esquire 12.     10 

Laurence  Grene 37.     10 

WilUam  Green  well 100. 

Robert  Garset 12.     10 

Robert  Gore 37.     10 

ThomasGouge 12.     10 

Francis  Glanuile,  Esquire 37.     10 


Henrie,  Earle  of  Huntingdon 120. 

Lord  Theophilus  Haward,  L.  Walden 137.     10 

Sir  lohn  Harington,  L.  Harington 187.     10 

Sir  lohn  Hollis,  now  Lord  Hautein 50. 

Sir  Thomas  Holecroft 10. 

Sir  William  Harris 75. 

Sir  Thomas  Harefleet 12.     10 

Sir  George  Haiward 12.     10 

Sir  Warwick  Heale 37.     10 

Sir  Baptist  Hicks 100. 

Sir  lohn  Hanham 12.     10 

Sir  Thomas  Horwell 37.     10 

Sir  Thomas  Hewit 75. 

Sir  Wilham  Herrick 25. 

Sir  Eustace  Hart 25. 


li.        8. 

Sir  Arthur  Harris 37.     10 

Sir  Edward  Heron 25. 

Sir  Ferdinando  Heiborne 37.     10 

Sir  Laurence  Hide 37.     10 

Master  Hugh  Hamersley ,  Alderman 25. 

Master  Richard  Heron,  Alderman 37.     10 

[35]  Richard  Humble,  Esquire 100. 

Master  Richard  Hackleuit 21. 

Edward  Harrison 112.     10 

George  Holeman 100. 

Robert  Hill 87.     10 

GriffinHinton 12.     10 

lohn  Hawkins 25. 

William  Hancock 62.     10 

lohn  Harper 62.     10 

George  Hanger 25. 

lohn  Holt 12.     10 

lohn  Huntley 25. 

leremy  Heidon 75. 

Raph  Hamor 133.       6.  8 

Raph  Hamor,  iunior 25. 

lohn  Hodgeson 25. 

lohn  Hanford 37.     10 

Thomas  Harris 25. 

Richard  Howell 12.     10 

Thomas  Henshaw 75. 

Leonard  Harwood 37.     10 

Tristram  Hill 25. 

Francis  Haselridge 12.     10 

Tobias  Hinson 45. 

Peter  Heightley 25. 

George  Hawkenson 12.     10 

Thomas  Hackshaw 12.     10 

Charles  Hawkens 62.     10 

lohn  Hodgis 50. 

WUliam  Holland 12.     10 

Robert  Hartley 12.     10 

[36]  Gregory  Herst 12.     10 

ThomasHodgis 37.     10 

William  Hodgis 25. 

Roger  Harris 68.     15 

lohn  Harris 37.     10 

JUNE  22,  1620  327 

IL        s. 

Master  lohn  Haiward 100. 

lames  Haiward 12.     10 

Nicholas  Hide,  Esquire 37.     lo 

lohn  Hare,  Esquire 37.     lo 

William  Hackwell,  Esquire 12.     10 

Gressam  Hoogan 37.     10 

Humfrey  Hanford ..  50. 

William  Haselden 12.     10 

Nicholas  Hooker 25. 

Doctor  Anthony  Himton 25. 

lohn  Hodsale 12.     10 

George  Hooker 25. 

Anthony  Hinton 12.     10 

lohn  Hogsell 25. 

Thomas  Hampton 25. 

William  Hicks 30. 

William  Holiland 37.     10 

Ralph  Hanson 25. 

Harman  Harison 25. 


Sir  Thomas  lermyn 12.     10 

Sir  Robert  lohnson 56. 

Sir  Arthur  Ingram 25. 

Sir  Francis  lones 37.     10 

Company  of  Ironmongers 33.       6.  8 

[37]  Company  of  Inholders 25. 

Company  of  Imbroyderers 25. 

Bailiffes  of  Ipswich 100. 

Henry  lackson 25. 

Richard  Ironside 75. 

Master  Robert  lohnson,  Alderman 185. 

Thomas  lones 12.     10 

William  lobson 25. 

Thomas  lohnson 62.     10 

Thomas  ladwine 75. 

lohn  losua 12.     10 

George  Isam 37.     10 

Phihp  lacobson 62.     10 

Peter  lacobson 25. 

Thomas  laxson,  senior 25. 

lames  lewell 25. 


li.         s. 

Gabriel  laques 25. 

Walter  lobson 25. 

Edward  lames 37.     10 

Zachary  Zones,  Esquire 10. 

Anthony  Irbye,  Esquire 12.     10 

William  I-anson 37.     10 

Humfrey  lobson 12.     10 


Sir  Valentine  Knightley 37.     10 

Sir  Robert  Killegrew 110. 

Sir  Charles  Kelke 25. 

Sir  lohn  Kaile 25. 

Richard  Kirrill 37.     10 

lohn  Kirrill 75. 

[38]  RaphKing 62.     10 

Henry  Kent 25. 

Towne  of  I^gslynne 75. 

lohn  Kettleby,  Esquire 25. 

Walter  Kirkham,  Esquire 16. 


Henry,  Earl  of  Lincolne 50. 

Robert,  L.  Lisle,  now  Earle  of  Leicester 90. 

Thomas,  Lord  La  ware 500. 

Sir  Francis  Leigh 33.       6. 

Sir  lohn  Lewson 12.     10 

Sir  William  Lower 37.     10 

Sir  Samuel  Leonard 37.     10 

Sir  Samson  Leonard 12.     10 

Company  of  Lethersellers 50. 

Thomas  Laughton 62.     10 

William  Lewson 37.     10 

Peter  Latham 12.     10 

Peter  Van  Lore 112.     10 

Henry  Leigh 12.     10 

Thomas  Leuer 62.     10 

Christofer  Landman 50. 

Morris  Lewellin 37.     10 

Edward  Lewis 37.     10 

Edward  Lewkin 87.     10 

Peter  Lodge 12.     10 

Thomas  Laver 12.     10 

JUNE  22,  1620  329 

Thomas  Lawson 12.     10 

Francis  Lodge 25. 

[39]  lohn  Langiey 25. 

Dauid  Loide 12.     10 

lohii  Leuitt 25. 

Thomas  Fox,  and  Luke  Lodge 25. 

Captaine  Richard  Linley 25. 

Arnold  Lulls 50. 

WiUiam  Laurence 12.     10 

lohn  Landman 25. 

Nicholas  Lichfield 6.       5 

Nicholas  Leate 25. 

Gedeon  de  Laune 37.     10 


Philip,  Earle  of  Montgomerie 40. 

Doctor  George  Mountain,  now  Lord  Bishop  of  Lincolne 12.     10 

WilUam  Lord  Mounteagle  now  Lord  Morley 50. 

Sir  Thomas  Mansell 50. 

Sir  Thomas  Mildmay 12.     10 

Sir  WiUiam  Maynard 12.     10 

Su-Humfrey  May 31.     10 

Su-  Peter  Manhood 50. 

Sir  lohn  Merrick 75. 

Sir  George  More 75. 

Sir  Robert  Mansell 97.     10 

Sir  Arthur  Mannering 25. 

Sir  Dauid  Murrey 37.     10 

Sir  Edward  Michelborn 12.     10 

Sir  Thomas  Middleton 62.     10 

Sir- Robert  Miller 37.     10 

Sir  Caualiero  Maicott 125. 

[40]  Doctor  lames  Meddus 15. 

Richard  Martin,  Esquire 75. 

Company  of  Mercers 200. 

Company  of  Merchant  Taylors 200. 

OthoMawdite 62.     10 

Captaine  lohn  Martin 70. 

Arthur  Mouse 37.     10 

Adrian  More 100. 

Thomas  Mountford 20. 

Thomas  Morris 87.     10 


li.        s. 

Ralph  Moorton 30. 

Francis  Mapes 12.     10 

Richard  Maplesden 50. 

lames  Monger 25. 

Peter  Monsell 75. 

Robert  Middleton 37.     10 

Thomas  Maile 25. 

lohn  Martin 25. 

losias  Maude 12.     10 

Richard  Morton 12.     10 

George  Mason 12.     10 

Thomas  Maddock 25. 

Richard  Moore 25. 

Nicholas  Moone 12.     10 

Alfonsus  van  Medkerk 25. 

Captaine  Henry  Meoles 25. 

PhilipMutes 12.     10 

Thomas  Mayall 12.     10 

Humfrey  M arret 12.     10 

laruis  Mimdz 12.     10 

Robert  Mddmay 37.     10 

[41]  William  Millet 37.     10 

Richard  Morer 25. 

lohn  Miller . 37.     10 

Thomas  Martin 37.     10 

lohn  Middleton 6.       5 

Francis  Middleton 12.     10 


Dudlie,  Lord  North 13.       6.8 

Francis,  Lord  Norris 50. 

Sir  Henry  Neuill,  of  Barkshire 37.     10 

Thomas  Nicols 62.     10 

Christopher  Nicols 62.     10 

William  Nicols 50. 

George  Newce 12.     10 

loseph  Newberow 20. 

Christopher  Newgate 25. 

Thomas  Norincott 37.     10 

Jonathan  Nuttall 12.     10 

Thomas  Norton 13.       6.8 

JUNE  22,  1620  331 

O  IL  8. 

William  Oxenbridge,  Esquire 112. 

Robert  Offley 100. 

Francis  Oliuer 25. 


William,  Earle  of  Pembroke 400. 

William,  Lord  Paget 60. 

lohn,  Lord  Petre 95. 

George  Percy,  Esquire 20. 

[42]  Sir  Christofer  Parkins 50. 

Sir  Amias  Preston 100. 

Sir  Nicolas  Parker 12.     10 

Sir  WiUiam  Poole 37.     10 

Sir  Steuen  Powell 100. 

Sir  Henry  Peyton 25. 

Sir  lames  Perrot 12.     10 

Sir  lohn  Pettus 25. 

Sir  Robert  Payne 25. 

Wmiam  Payne 100. 

lohn  Payne 12.     10 

Edward  Parkins 37.     10 

Edward  Parkins  widow 12.     10 

Aden  Perkins 25. 

Thomas  Perkin 12.     10 

Richard  Partridge 25. 

William  Palmer 62.     10 

MUesPalmer 12.     10 

Robert  Parkhurst 75. 

Richard  Perciuall,  Esquire 62.     10 

Richard  Poyntell 62.     10 

George  Pretty 12.     10 

George  Pit 112.     10 

Allen  Percy 12.     10 

Abraham  Peirce 12.     10 

Edmund  Peirce 25. 

PhenicePet 37.     10 

Thomas  PhiUps 12.     10 

Henry  Philpot 25. 

Master  George  Procter 25. 

Robert  Penington 25. 

[43]  Peter  Peate 12.     10 

lohnPrat 12.     10 


li.        8. 

William  Powell 25. 

Edmund  Peashall 25. 

Captaine  William  Proude 25. 

Henry  Price 12.     10 

Nicholas  Pewriffe 12.     10 

Thomas  Pelham 6.       5 

Richard  Piggot. 25. 

lohn  Pawlet,  Esquire 12.     10 

Robert  Pory 25. 

Richard  Paulson 37.     10 


WiUiamQuick 62.     10 


Sir  Robert  Rich,  now  Earle  of  Warwick 75. 

Sir  Thomas  Rowe 60. 

Sir  Henry  Rainsford 37.     10 

Sir  William  Romney 170. 

Sir  lohn  Ratcliffe 50. 

Sir  Steuen  Ridleson 56. 

Sir  Wilham  Russell 50. 

Master  Edward  Rotheram,  Alderman 25. 

Robert  Rich 12.     10 

Tedder  Roberts 37.     10 

Henry  Robinson 87.     10 

lohn  RusseU 12.     10 

Richard  Rogers 75. 

[44]  Arthiu- Robinson 25. 

Robert  Robinson 25. 

MiUicent  Ramsden 37.     10 

lohn  Robinson 75. 

George  Robins 62.     10 

Nicholas  Rainton 25. 

Henry  Rolffe 12.     10 

lohn  Reignolds 12.     10 

Elias  Roberts 25. 

Henry  Reignolds,  Esquire 87.     10 

WUUam  Roscarrock,  Esquire 37.     10 

Humfrey  Raymell 12.     10 

Richard  Robins 12.     10 

JUNE  22,  1620  333 

S  !'■  s. 

Henry,  Earle  of  Southampton 350. 

Thomas,  Earle  of  SufTolke 200. 

Robert,  Earle  of  Salisbury 333.       6.  8 

Mary,  Countesse  of  Shrewsbury 50. 

Edmund,  Lord  Sheffcld 140. 

Robert,  Lord  Spencer 33.       6.  8 

lolin.  Lord  Stanhope 50. 

Sir  lohn  Saint-Iohn 37.     10 

Sir  Thomas  Smith 145. 

Sir  lohn  Sanmis 50. 

Sir  lohn  Smith 26.     13.4 

Sir  Edwin  Sandys 212.     10 

Sir  Samuel  Sandys 87.     10 

Sir  Steuen  Some 25. 

Sir  Raph  Shelton 12-     10 

Su-  Thomas  Stewldey 37.     10 

[45]  Sir  William  Saint-Iohn 50. 

Sir  WilUam  Smith 45. 

Sir  Richard  Smith 37.     10 

Sir  Martin  StuteuiU 12-     10 

Sir  Nicolas  Salter 125. 

Doctor  Matthew  Sutclifle,  Deane  of  Exeter 20. 

Thomas  Sandj^s,  Esquire 25. 

Henry  Sandys,  Esquire 25. 

George  Sandys,  Esquire 12-     10 

Company  of  Sldnners 100- 

Company  of  Salters 50. 

Company  of  Stationers 125. 

lohnStokley ^0. 

Captaine  lohn  Smith ^• 

Richard  Staper '^^ • 

Robert  Shingleton '^^■ 

Thomas  Sliipton 62. 

Cleophas  Smith . 87.     10 

Richard  Strongtharm 100. 

Hildebrand  Spruson •^9-       ^-  ^ 

Matthew  Scriuener 100- 

Othowell  Smith- 

42.       G.  8 

George  Scot l^^- 

Hewet  Stapers ^0. 

lames  Swift -"^• 

Richard  Stratford 75. 

1282— 3;J 23 


li.         s. 

EdmundSmith 12.     10 

RobertSmith 37.     10 

Matthias  Springham 25. 

Richard  Smith 25. 

[46]  Edward  Smith 12.     10 

lonathan  Smith 12.     10 

HumfreySmith 37.     10 

lohnSmith 37.     10 

George  Swinhow 62.     10 

loseph  Some 25. 

WilUam  Sheckley 25. 

lohn  Southick 12.     10 

Henry  Shelley 25. 

Walter  Shelley 12.     10 

Richard  Snarsborow 12.     10 

George  Stone 12.     10 

HughShepley 12.     10 

WiUiam  Strachey 25. 

Vrion  Spencer 12.     10 

lohn  Scarpe 12.     10 

Thomas  Scott 50. 

William  Sharpe 25. 

Steuen  Sparrow 75. 

Thomas  Stokes 12.     10 

Richard  Shepard 25. 

Henry  Spranger 12.     10 

William  Stonnard 25. 

Steuen  Sad 12.     10 

lohn  Stockley 50. 

Thomas  Steuens 37.     10 

Matthew  Shepard 50. 

Thomas  Sherwell 12.     10 

WiUiam  Seabright,  Esquire 12.     10 

Nicholas  Sherwell 12.     10 

Augustine  Steward 25.     10 

[47]  ThomasStile 62.     10 

Abraham  Speckhard 12.     10 

Edmund  Scott 25. 

Francis  Smalman,  Esquire 12.     10 

Gregory  Sprint,  Esquire 37.     10 

Thomas  Stacey 25. 

William  Sandbatch 10. 

JUNE  22,  1620  335 

Sir  William  Twisden 37.     10 

Sir  William  Tlirockmorton 50. 

Sir  Nicholas  Tufton 80. 

Sir  lohn  Treuer 70. 

Sir  Thomas  Tracy 37.     10 

George  Thorpe,  Esquire 25. 

Doctor  William  Turner 12.     10 

The  Trinity  house 150. 

Richard  Turner 37.     10 

lohn  Tauerner 37.     10 

Daniel  Tucker 31.       5 

Charles  Towler 12.     10 

Wilham  Tayler 12.     10 

Leonard  Townson 25, 

Richard  Tomlins 25. 

Francis  Tate,  Esquire 25. 

Andrew  Troughton 25. 

George  Tucker 12.     10 

Henry  Timberlake 37.     10 

WilHam  Tucker 25. 

Lewis  Tite 25, 

Robert  Thornton 25. 


[48]  Sir  Horatio  Vere 121. 

Henry  Vincent 37.     10 

Richard  Venne 12.     10 

Christopher  Vertue 12.     10 

lohn  Vassell 25. 

Arthur  Venne 12.     10 


Henry,  Bishop  of  Worcester 13.       6.  8 

Francis  West,  Esquire 25. 

Sir  Raph  Winwood 75. 

Sir  lohn  Wentworth 12.     10 

Su-  William  Waad 144.     10 

Sir  Robert  Wroth 50. 

Sir  PerciuaU  Willoby 50. 

Sir  Charles  Wilmott 27.     10 

Sir  lohn  Watts 162.     10 


IL        s. 

Sir  Hugh  WorreU 25. 

Sir  Edward  Waterhouse 25. 

Sir  Thomas  Wilsford 60. 

Sir  Richard  WilUamson 25. 

Sir  lohn  Wolstenholm 137.     10 

Sir  Thomas  Watson 62.     10 

Sir  Thomas  Wilson 37.     10 

Sh-IohnWeld 37.     10 

Sir  lohn  Walter 37.     10 

Mistris  Kath.  West,  now  Lady  Conway 25. 

lohn  Wroth,  Esquire 87.     10 

Captaine  Maria  Winckfield,  Esquire 88. 

ThomasWebb 12.     10 

Rice  Webb 62.     10 

[49]  EdwardWebb 100. 

Sands  Webb 12.     10 

Felix  Wilson 25. 

ThomasWhite 62.     10 

Richard  Wiffen 12.     10 

William  Williamson 50. 

Humfrey  Westwood 62.     10 

Hugh  Willeston 12.     10 

Thomas  Wheatley 87.     10 

William  Wattey 25. 

William  Webster 37.     10 

lames  White 25. 

EdmundWinne 62.     10 

lohn  West 50. 

lohn  Wright 25. 

Edward  Wooller 50. 

lohn  Wooller 25. 

Thomas  Walker 25. 

lohnWestrow 37.     10 

Edward  Welch 25. 

Nathaniel  Waad 25. 

Richard  Wydowes 25. 

Dauid  Waterhouse,  Esquire 37.     10 

Captaine  Owen  Winne 50. 

Randall  Wetwood 25. 

George  Wilmer,  Esquire 25. 

Edward  Wilkes 25. 

Leonard  White 25. 

JUNE  22,  1620  337 

li.         s. 

Andrew  Willmer 25. 

Clement  Willmer 25. 

George  Walker 25. 

[50]  William  Welby 87.     10 

Francis  Whistler 25. 

Thomas  Welles 25. 

Captaine  Thomas  Winne 25. 

lohn  Whittingham 12.     10 

Thomas  Wheeler 12.     10 

William  Willet 12.     10 

Deuereux  Woogam 50. 

Thomas  Wood 25. 

lohn  Willet 37.     10 

Nicholas  Wheeler 12.     10 

Thomas  Wale 75. 

William  Wilston 12.     10 

lohn  Waller 5. 

William  Ward 37.     10 

William  Willeston 25 . 

lohn  Water 12.     10 

Thomas  Warr,  Esquire 25. 

Dauid  Wiffen 12.     10 

Garret  Weston 12.     10 


Sir  George  Yeardley,  now  Gouernour  of  Virginia 25. 

WUliam  Yong 12.     10 

Simon  Yeomons 12.     10 


Edward,  Lord  Zouch 60. 

[51]  Names  of  the  Aduenturers,  witli  tlie  Sums  paid  by  order  to  Sir  Baptist 
Hicks,  Kniglit. 

A  li.      s. 

Sir  Anthony  Ashley 25. 


Sir  lohn  Benet 12.     10 

Sir  Edmund  Bowyer 25. 

Su- Henry  Beddingfield 37.     10 


IL        s. 

EdwardBames 12.     10 

Humfrey  Basse 12.     10 


Sir  Henry  Gary 75. 

SirLyonell  Cranfield 25. 

Sir  Walter  Cope 50. 

Sir  Edward  Can 25. 

Sir  George  Coppin 20. 

Sirlohn  Cuts 75. 

Edward  Cam,  Esquire 37.     10 

Thomas  Cannon,  Esquire 12.     10 

[52]  D 

Sir  Thomas  Dennis 75. 

Sir  Thomas  Denton 37.     10 


Sir  Robert  Edolph 37.     10 


Richard  Fishborne 12.     10 


Sir  Thomas  Grantham 37.     10 

Sir  WiUiam  Caraway 16.     13. 

Thomas  Gouge 25. 


Sir  lohn  Hollis,  now  L.  Houghton 25. 

Sir  Perciuall  Hart 37.     10 

Sir  Warwick  Heale 25. 

Sir  Baptist  Hicks 50. 

Sir  lohn  Hanham 25. 

Sir  WilUam  Herick 12.     10 

Sir  George  Huntley 25. 

Nicolas  Hooker 12.     10 


Sir  Arthur  Ingram 50. 

JUNE  27,  1620  339 

L  li.       s. 

Sir  lohn  Lewson 25. 

[53]  Sir  Richard  Louelace 25. 

Sir  Samuel  Leonard 25. 

Sir  William  Litton 37.     10 


Philip,  Earle  of  Mountgomery 120. 

Sir  William  Maynard 25. 

Sir  George  More 75. 

Sir  Caueliero  Maycott 50. 


Robert  Parkhurst 25. 


Sir  lohn  Stradhng 12 

Sir  William  Smith,  of  Hill  IlaU 25 

Sir  WiUiam  Smith,  of  London 25 

Sir  Nicholas  Salter 12 

Augustine  Steward,  Esquire 12 

Abraham  Speckard 12 


Sir  William  Throkmorton 25. 

Richard  TomUns 12.     10 

Sir  Walter  Vaughan 37.     10 


Sir  Thomas  Walsingham 37.     10 

Sir  Charles  Wilmot 25. 

Sir  Thomas  Watson 50. 

[54]  Tlie  Names  of  the  Aduenturers,  with  the  Sums  paid  to  Sir  Edwin 
Sandys,  Knight,  Treasurer  of  the  Company  for  Virginia,  from  the  28.  of 
Aprill,  1619.  to  the  27.  of  lune,  1620. 

li.         s. 

WiUiam,  Lord  Cauendish 50. 

John  Zouch,  Esquire 25. 

Thomas  Bond,  Esquire 37.     10 

Dauid  Benet,  Esquire 37.     10 

John  Cage,  Esquire 12.     10 


11  8. 

lohnFerrar 12.     10 

Elias  Roberts 12.     10 

Matthew  Cauell 12.     10 

[55]  Orders  and  Constitvtions,  Partly  collected  out  of  his  Maiesties  Letters 
Patents,  and  partly  ordained  vpon  mature  deliberation,  by  the  Treas- 
VROR,  CovNSEiL  and  Companie  of  Virginia,  for  the  better  gouerning 
of  the  Actions  and  affaires  of  the  said  Companie  here  in  England  resid- 
ing.    Anno  1619.  and  1620. 



There  are  foure  great  generall  Courts,  commonly  called  Quarter-Courts, 
appointed  to  be  held  by  the  Treasuror,  Counseil  and  Companie  of  Virginia, 
vpon  the  foure  last  Wednesday es  saue  one  of  euery  Tearme:  which  onely 
haue  and  shall  haue  power  to  choose  Counseilours  and  Officers,  as  well  for 
the  Companie  here,  as  also  for  [56]  the  Colony  and  Planters  in  Virginia:  to 
make  Lawes  and  Ordinances:  to  distribute  and  dispose  of  the  Lands  in 
Virginia:  and  to  settle  matter  of  Trade  for  the  behoofe  of  the  Companie 
and  Colony. 


Every  Munday  before  a  Quarter-Court,  shall  be  held  a  Court  to  prepare 
all  kinde  of  busines  reserued  to  the  power  of  the  Quarter-Court  to 


Every  Wednesday  fortnight,  reckoning  from  the  great  Courts,  shall  also 
be  held  an  ordinary  Court  for  this  Companie,  for  dispatch  of  ordinary  and 
extraordinary  businesse.  And  it  is  not  to  be  counted  a  perfect  Court, 
vnlesse  there  be  fine  of  the  Counseil  there  (the  Treasuror  or  Deputy  being 
one)  and  fifteene  of  the  Generality. 


It  shall  be  in  the  power  of  the  Treasuror,  or  the  Deputie  in  his  absence, 
vpon  extraordinary  cause  to  call  an  extraordinary  Court. 

16S0  341 


It  shall  not  be  in  the  power  of  any  other  then  a  Quarter-Court,  to  make 
any  contract  whereby  to  binde  the  Company  for  any  continuance  of  yeares. 
In  which  case  it  shall  be  proposed  also  in  the  Preparatiue  Court  next 


Pvblique  businesse  shall  haue  the  precedence  in  the  Courts  before  priuate, 
vnlesse  there  be  extraordinary  important  cause  to  the  contrary. 


If  any  thing  ordered  in  an  ordinary  or  lesser  Court,  be  afterward  reuersed 
in  one  of  the  great  and  generall  Courts:  It  shall  be  from  thence-forward  as 
though  it  had  neuer  beene  so  ordered. 


All  Courts  shall  begin  at  two  of  the  clocke  in  the  afternoone,  and  dissolue 
at  the  rising  of  the  Treasurer,  or  of  the  Deputie  in  his  absence. 


Nothing  shall  be  put  to  the  question  after  sixe  of  the  Clocke  in  the  after- 


In  regard  of  the  great  businesse  for  Virginia  yearely  encreasing,  It  shall 
be  in  the  power  of  the  Treasurer,  (if  hee  see  it  so  necessary)  to  assemble 
the  Quarter-Courts  both  in  the  fore-noones  and  after-noones  of  the  dayes 
appointed  for  them. 


The  Companie  shall  be  summoned  to  the  Quarter-Courts,  and  Courts 
extraordinary,  by  the  Offi[58]cer:  But  of  the  ordinary  Courts  themselues 
shall  take  notice.  And  the  Secretary  shall  keepe  a  booke  of  the  proceedings 
of  the  Courts :  who  with  the  Booke-keeper,  Husband,  and  Bedle,  shall  at  all 
Courts  giue  diligent  attendance. 



It  shall  be  lawfull  at  a  general  Court,  and  with  consent  thereof,  to  dispence 
with  all  meetings  in  long  Vacations,  or  in  such  part  of  them  as  may  be 
spared;  vnlesse  some  extraordinary  matter  befall,  in  which  case  may  be 
called  extraordinary  Courts. 


The  Treasuror  and  Companie,  being  a  Body  and  Commonaltie  perpetuall, 
shall  haue  one  faire  and  common  Seale,  to  be  kept  by  the  Treasuror;  and 
not  to  be  affixed  to  any  Grants  or  Instruments  whatsoeuer,  otherwhere 
then  in  publike  Courts,  or  by  warrant  from  thence. 


The  Treasuror  and  the  Counseil,  or  the  Court,  haue  power  to  admit  any 
into  this  Society. 



At  the  great  and  generall  Court,  commonly  called  the  Quarter-Court,  in 
Easter  Terme,  all  Offices  [59]  of  this  Companie  (excepting  the  Counseil) 
shall  be  voyde :  And  the  Court  shall  proceede  to  an  election  of  new  Officers, 
in  manner  following. 


The  Treasuror  in  the  beginning  of  the  Court,  at  the  giuing  vp  of  his  Office, 
shall  declare  by  word  or  writing  the  present  estate  of  the  Colony  and 
Planters  in  Virginia.  And  dehuer  into  the  Court  a  Booke  of  his  accounts 
for  the  yeare  past,  examined  and  approoued  vnder  the  Auditors  hands: 
Declaring  withall  the  present  estate  of  the  Cash. 


After  the  choyse  of  a  Treasuror,  a  Deputie  shaU  be  chosen;  then  the  Auditors 
and  Comitties;  and  lastly  the  Secretarie,  Booke-keeper,  Husband,  and  Bedle . 


At  the  choise  of  each  Officer,  the  persons  nominated  for  the  election,  shall 
withdraw  themselues  till  the  party  chosen  be  publiquely  so  pronounced. 
And  generally  no  man  shall  be  present  in  the  Court,  whilest  himselfe  or  his 
matter  passeth  the  iudgement  of  the  Court. 

1620  343 


In  regard  of  the  weighty  and  manifold  businesse  of  this  Companie,  which 
is  also  like  daily  to  encrease :  [60]  No  man  shall  be  chosen  Treasuror  of  the 
Companie  of  Virginia,  who  at  the  time  of  his  election  is  Gouernour  of  any 
other  Company;  but  vpon  condition  that  before  the  next  Quarter  Court 
hee  effectually  resigne  that  other  Gouernement :  except  it  seeme  good  for  the 
behalfe  of  both  Companies,  that  the  same  man  be  also  Gouernour  of  the 
Somer  Hands  Company. 


It  is  for  weighty  reasons  thought  very  expedient,  that  no  man  continue 
in  the  place  of  Treasuror  or  Deputie,  aboue  three  yeeres  at  once. 


For  the  auoiding  of  diuers  inconueniences.  It  is  thought  fit,  that  all  elections 
of  principall  Officers  in  or  for  Virginia,  as  also  of  the  Treasuror  and  Deputie 
here,  be  performed  by  a  Ballating  box,  as  in  some  other  Companies. 


Every  Officer  as  he  is  chosen,  shall  openly  in  Court  take  his  oath :  or  if  he 
be  absent,  at  the  next  Court  he  commeth  to. 


The  Treasuror,  Deputie,  Auditors,  and  Comitties,  hauing  no  certaine  allow- 
ance for  their  cares  and  labours :  the  reward  of  these  former  Officers  accord- 
ing to  their  deserts,  is  referred  to  the  pleasure  of  the  Court  wherein  new 
Officers  are  chosen. 
[61]  Treasuror. 


The  Treasurors  duety  is  to  keepe  the  ordinary  Courts  of  Virginia:  and  vpon 
cause  extraordinary,  to  call  Courts  extraordinarily.  And  in  all  Courts, 
and  other  meetings,  hee  is  to  haue  a  casting  voyce. 


He  is  to  moderate  the  Courts  in  quahtie  of  a  President:  And  to  cause 
grauitie,  decency,  and  good  order  to  be  obserued:  And  for  breach  thereof, 


after  a  graue  admonition  first  giuen,  and  not  preuailing;  to  proceede  to 
reformation  by  the  iudgement  of  the  Court. 


He  is  to  propound  and  put  all  things  to  the  question  which  the  Court 
requires,  vnder  paine  of  being  immediatly  put  from  his  Office,  if  he  refuse. 
In  which  case  the  Depuiie  shall  doe  it,  vnder  the  like  paine.  And  if  he 
refuse,  then  any  of  the  Counseil  there  present. 


Whereas  the  Treasurer  is  to  put  to  the  question  all  things  which  the 
Court  requires:  It  is  [62]  explained  to  be  intended  of  such  things  as  are  not 
contrary  to  his  Maiesties  Letters  Patents  or  Instructions,  nor  to  the  standing 
Lawes  and  Orders  of  the  Company. 


He  is  to  haue  care  that  the  extraordinary  Comitties  appointed  by  the  Courts 
to  seuerall  busines,doe  prosecute  the  same;  and  giue  seasonable  account  of 
their  doings  to  the  Court. 


He  is  also  to  haue  an  especiall  care,  that  no  Grant  or  Patent  doe  passe  from 
the  Companie,  but  vpon  examination  thereof  by  a  select  Comittie,  who  are 
exactly  to  obserue  the  Orders  made  concerning  them.  And  to  this  end, 
with  diuers  others,  he  is  to  haue  a  vigilant  eye  on  the  Companies  and 
Counseils  Seales,  that  they  be  not  wronged  by  abusing  of  them. 


The  Treasuror,  vpon  receipt  of  publique  Letters  from  or  concerning 
Virginia,  shall  assemble  at  least  foure  of  the  Counseil  to  impart  them  to 
them ;  and  by  their  assents  shall  cause  them  to  be  read  in  Court,  vnlesse 
there  be  some  cause  of  secresie:  In  which  case  he  shall  communicate  them 
with  the  Counseil  onely.  In  like  sort  the  pubHque  Letters  and  Instructions 
to  be  sent  to  the  Gouernour,  Counseil,  or  People  in  Virginia,  or  otherwise 
concerning  them,  hee  shall  cause  to  be  publiquely  read  and  approued  by 
the  Court,  or  Coun[^Z\seil,  as  the  case  shall  require.  And  neither  he,  nor 
any  other,  shall  of  his  owne  head  or  authoritie,  write  or  send  any  directions. 

1620  345 

swaruing  from  such  as  the  Court  or  Counseil  shall  giue,  vpon  paine  to  be 


The  Treasuror  shall  assemble  the  Coimseil  vpon  all  weightie  occasions 
requiring  serious  deliberation:  And  shall  haue  care  with  them,  that  the 
Lords  of  his  Maiesties  priuie  Counseil  be  acquainted  with  all  matters  of 
extraordinary  and  greatest  importance  concerning  the  State. 


He  is  to  doe  his  best  that  fit  Counseilors  be  chosen :  And  being  chosen,  is  to 
haue  care  that  they  take  their  oathes. 


The  Treasuror  is  to  haue  care  also,  that  the  generall  Comitties  keepe  their 
Courts  with  the  Deputie,  vpon  all  occasions  of  businesse. 


He  is  to  doe  his  best  that  fit  men  be  chosen  also  to  that  place:  And  that  they 
which  are  chosen,  be  sworne. 


The  Treasuror  at  his  pleasure  shall  sit  in  any  assembly  of  Comitties, 
ordinary  or  extraordinary;  vnlesse  it  concerne  himself e. 

[64]  XXXVI. 

The  Treasuror  shall  stand  charged  with  the  publique  Treasure  of  the  Com- 
pany. And  is  to  haue  care  that  it  be  duely  got  in :  And  not  issued  out,  but 
by  lawfuU  warrant,  and  to  the  Companies  vse. 


A  LawfuU  warrant  for  charges  of  the  present  yere,  is  that  which  is  signed 
by  the  Deputy  and  foure  of  the  Comitties:  And  for  former  charges  or 
Debts;  that  which  is  signed  by  three  of  the  Auditors,  whereof  one  to  be  of 
the  Quorum.  And  vnderneath,  or  vpon  the  backes  of  euery  Warrant,  an 
Acquittance  shall  be  taken  for  the  receipt  vnder  the  parties  hand. 



The  Treasurer  is  also  to  yeeld  vp  a  true  and  perfect  account  of  the  generall 
Cash  at  the  end  of  his  yeare:  and  to  bring  it  in  a  fortnight  before  to  the 
Auditors,  to  be  examined.  And  at  all  times,  being  requested  by  the 
Auditors,  to  shew  in  what  case  the  Cash  doth  stand. 


If  any  complaint  or  suspition  growe  concerning  the  Account,  there  shall  be  a 
reuiew  made  by  twelue  chosen  by  the  Court.  And  the  account  being 
accepted  and  approued  by  the  Court ;  the  Treasuror  shall  haue  his  Quietus 
est  vnder  the  Companies  Seale,  at  the  Quarter-Court  in  Trinitie  Term,  then 
next  ensuing. 

[65]  XL. 

The  standing  wages  of  the  Cashier  shall  be  suspended :  and  his  reward  such 
as  that  Quarter-Court  in  Easter  Terme,  shall  appoint. 



For  matter  of  the  Courts,  in  the  Treasurers  absence,  the  Deputie  shall 
performe  his  Office:  and  in  his  presence,  be  assisting  to  him. 


Hee  shall  ouersee  the  Secretary  for  entring  the  Orders  of  Courts.  And 
shal  giue  instructions  for  the  writing  of  Letters,  as  he  shall  be  directed: 
and  haue  care  that  accordingly  they  be  written. 


The  Deputie  shall  also  keepe  the  Courts  of  Comitties,  vpon  all  occasions 
requisite.     And  in  them  shall  haue  a  casting  voyce. 


He  shall  suffer  no  Warrants  to  be  made  &  signed  for  issuing  out  of  money, 
but  in  the  open  Court  of  Comitties,  after  due  examination  of  the  cause: 
vnto  all  which  Warrants  his  owne  hand  shall  be  first  [66]  set;  and  after  it, 
other  foure  hands  or  more  of  the  Comitties.     And  the  Deputy  and  Comitties 

1620  347 

shall  not  intermedle  with  disbursments  for  any  other  charges,  then  such  as 
arise  within  the  compasse  of  their  owne  yeare, 


Where  a  Warrant  is  directed  to  the  Treasuror,  to  pay  any  grosse  Summe 
to  the  Deputie,  to  be  issued  out  by  him  and  the  Comitties  for  the  vse  of  the 
Companie:  In  that  case  it  shall  not  be  requisite  that  the  Deputies  hand  be  to 
the  warrant,  so  it  be  to  the  receipt. 


Generally  he  shall  ouer-see  all  inferiour  Officers,  that  they  performe  their 



The  names  of  his  Maiesties  Counseil  for  Virginia,  shall  be  publiquely 
read  in  euery  Quarter-Court  in  Michaelmas  Term:  They  requested  by  the 
Treasuror  to  attend  the  seruice,  and  warned  to  take  their  Oathes. 


If  there  be  defect  in  the  number,  or  attendance  of  the  Counseil;  then  addi- 
tion shall  be  made:  And  that  but  onely  of  men  of  especiall  worth  and 
quality,  and  such  as  are  likely  to  giue  attendance  to  that  seruice.  They 
[67]  are  to  continue  Counseilors  during  life :  vnlesse  they  be  displaced  by  a 
great  and  generall  Court. 


In  regard  of  the  present  great  number  of  the  Counseil,  and  to  preserue  vnto 
them  that  reputation  which  is  fit  for  their  place  and  imployment:  None 
hereafter  vnder  the  degree  of  a  Lord  or  principall  Magistrate,  shall  be  chosen 
to  be  of  his  Maiesties  Counseil  for  Virginia;  but  such  as  by  diligent  attend- 
ance at  the  Courts  and  seruice  of  Virginia  for  one  yeare  at  least  before, 
haue  approued  their  sufficiency  and  worth  to  the  Companie. 

Seuen  of  the  Counseil,  being  assembled  by  order,  without  practise  or  pur- 
pose to  exclude  the  rest,  shal  be  counted  the  Counseil. 



The  Coumeil  are  to  assemble  vpon  all  important  occasions,  being  requested 
by  the  Treasuror,  or  the  Deputie  in  his  absence;  and  in  defect  of  bothe, 
being  desired  by  the  Com't:  And  \\-ithout  fauour  or  displeasm-e,  priuate 
or  sinister  respect,  to  giue  their  faithfull  adiiise  in  all  matters  tending  to 
the  aduancement  or  benefit  of  the  Plantation:  and  especially  toucliing  the 
making  of  Lawes  and  Constitutions,  for  the  better  gouerning  as  well  of 
the  Companie  here,  as  also  of  the  Colanie  planted  in  Virginia.  ^Tierein 
the  pohcy  and  forme  of  England  is  to  be  followed  as  neere  as  may  be. 



The  Counseil  shall  haue  an  especiall  regard,  by  pious  constitutions,  and 
b}'  other  good  pohtique  Lawes  and  Orders,  to  hold  the  people  there,  in 
the  true  rehgion  and  seruice  of  God:  and  in  assured  allegeance  to  Ms 
Maiestie  and  the  Crowne  of  England:  In  due  respect  also  to  liis  ISIaiesties 
Counseil  here,  and  to  this  Companie  of  Virginia:  And  in  lustice,  Peace, 
vniformitie,  and  amitie  amongst  themselues. 


They  shall  also  according  to  the  first  institution  and  profession  of  tliis 
CompaJiie,  aduise  and  deuise  to  the  vtmost  of  their  powers,  the  best  meanes 
for  the  reclaiming  of  the  Barbarous  Xatiues;  and  bringing  them  to  the  true 
worship  of  God,  ciuihtie  of  hfe,  and  vertue. 


All  Instructions  to  the  Gouernour  and  Counseil,  and  all  other  principal! 
Officers  in  Virginia,  shall  proceede  from  the  Counseil,  and  vnder  their 
hands  and  Seale:  which  Seale  shall  be  in  the  custodie  of  the  Treasuror. 

^         LV. 

If  anj'  principal!  Officer  of  the  Corapanij  here;  or  ^Magistrate,  great  Officer 
or  Counsellor  in  Virginia;  shall  by  the  fame  of  his  misdeserts,  or  particular 
accusation  merit  to  be  caUed  in  question  of  being  remoued  from  [69]  his 
place,  or  otherwise  reformed  or  censured:  He  shall  be  first  conuented  and 
examined  by  the  Counseil.  before  liis  cause  be  produced  in  publique  Court. 
And  in  case  of  liis  absence,  the  like  course  shall  be  held  for  liis  businesse. 

1620  349 



The  Auditors  shall  be  seauen:  whereof  two  at  the  least  of  the  Counseil, 
and  three  of  them  of  the  Quorum. 


The  Auditors  shall  haiie  care  of  the  generall  accounts:  to  examine  the 
receipts  and  disbursments  according  to  the  Orders  of  the  Companie:  and 
in  all  cases  of  difficultie,  or  of  breach  of  those  Orders,  they  shall  acquaint 
the  Treasuror  and  the  generall  Court  therewith:  and  from  thence  receiue 
resolution  and  direction. 


They  shall  also  cause  to  be  reduced  into  a  seuerall  Booke,  the  whole 
receipts  and  disbursements  of  that  yeare :  and  the  same  vnder  f oure  of  their 
hands  at  the  least  (whereof  two  to  be  of  the  Quorum)  shall  be  presented  by 
the  Treasuror  at  the  Quarter-Court  in  Easter  Term,  at  the  giuing  vp  of 
his  and  their  Office. 

[70]  LIX. 

They  shall  signe  no  warrants  for  the  issuing  of  money,  but  onely  for  olde 
charges  or  debts;  that  is  to  say,  due  before  that  yeare  of  their  office: 
And  that  not  otherwise,  then  after  due  examination  of  the  matter  had  in 
their  appointed  meetings :  vnto  which  warrant  shall  be  first  set  the  hand  of 
one  at  the  least  of  the  Quorum,  and  then  two  other  or  more  of  the  rest  of 
the  Auditors. 


The  Auditors  shall  also  employ  their  best  industry  and  care,  for  the  recouery 
of  the  olde  debts  due  to  the  Company:  And  their  receipts  shall  transmit 
to  the  generall  Cash. 


And  touching  the  olde  accounts  now  depending  in  Audite,  that  is  to  say, 
from  the  beginning  of  the  Plantation  till  the  30.  day  of  Nouember,  1616. 
the  Auditors  shall  proceede  in  the  examining  and  reducing  them  to  order, 
and  to  the  finall  auditing  of  them,  with  what  expedition  they  well  can. 

1282—33 24 


And  shall  from  time  to  time  acquaint  the  Treasurer  and  Court,  with  such 
impediments  and  difficulties  as  shall  be  incident. 


In  digesting  of  the  olde  accounts,  the  Auditors  shall  take  especiall  care,  to 
cause  the  Secretary  or  Booke-keeper ,  in  a  seuerall  Booke,  to  set  downe 
particularly  [71]  and  exactly  the  names  of  all  the  Aduenturors,  with  their 
seuerall  sums  aduentured:  as  also  what  is  paid,  or  yet  remaining  vnpaid: 
as  well  that  right  may  be  done  to  the  Aduenturors,  as  also  the  debts 
preserued  which  are  due  to  the  Company.  And  this  booke  of  the  Aduen- 
turors, shall  be  extended  till  the  Quarter-Court  in  Easter  Term,  1619. 


The  Auditors  shall  keepe  their  meetings,  once  at  the  least  euery  weeke  in 
the  Term  time;  or  oftner,  if  need  require:  and  once  euery  moneth  at  least 
in  the  vacation  times:  to  ouersee  the  accounts,  and  dispatch  such  other 
businesse  as  shall  be  committed  to  them. 


They  shall  also  haue  the  authoritie  of  the  Court,  to  call  before  them  such 
persons,  as  are  indebted  or  accomptable  to  the  Company. 


In  regard  of  the  greatnesse  of  the  businesse  for  the  present:  the  Auditors 
are  allowed  an  Officer  to  attend  vpon  them:  who  shall  be  salariated  at 
the  pleasure  of  the  Court. 



The  Comitties  being  to  be  sixteene;  and  to  be  yearely  chosen;  there  shall  be 
a  yearelie  alteration  made  [72]  of  one  fourth  part  at  the  least,  to  the  end 
many  be  trained  vp  in  the  businesse. 

1620  351 


The  Comitties  office  is,  together  with  the  Deputie,  to  perform  the  orders 
of  Courts,  for  setting  out  Ships,  and  buying  prouisions  for  Virginia. 
Wherein  especial!  care  is  to  be  had,  that  neither  the  Husband,  nor  any  one 
man  alone,  be  entrusted  with  the  making  of  those  prouisions;  but  two  at 
the  least,  to  be  appointed  thereunto  by  the  Deputie  and  Comitties  in  their 
Court:  who  shall  also  bring  in  their  bils  and  accounts,  to  be  examined 
and  approued  by  the  Comitties.  The  like  care  shall  they  haue  at  the 
returne  of  Ships  from  Virginia,  for  the  goods  belonging  to  the  Companie, 
to  be  safely  kept,  and  sould  to  the  best  aduantage,  either  in  Court,  or 
otherwise  by  the  Courts  direction.  The  accounts  of  all  which,  shall  be 
transmitted  to  the  Auditors:  and  the  money  remaining,  returned  to  the 
Cash.  The  Deputie  and  Comitties  shall  also  haue  care  of  the  Inuoices  to 
be  made  for  the  prouisions  sent  to  Virginia:  and  of  the  Certificats  of  the 
receipt  to  be  thence  returned:  As  likewise  of  the  Inuoices  of  the  goods 
sent  from  Virginia.     All  which  shall  be  registred  fairely  in  a  booke. 


The  Comitties  shall  diligently  keepe  their  Courts,  whensoeuer  occasion  of 
businesse  shall  require.  They  shall  be  summoned  by  order  from  the 
Treasuror,  or  Deputie.  And  it  shall  not  be  counted  a  Court  of  [73]  Comitties, 
vnlesse  the  Treasuror  or  Deputie  with  sixe  Comitties  be  present.  The 
Secretary  of  the  Company  shall  keepe  a  booke  also  of  their  proceedings. 



The  Secretary  shall  attend  the  Treasuror,  and  Deputie,  in  such  seruice  of 
the  Companie  as  wherein  they  shall  haue  cause  to  vse  him.  And  besides 
the  generall  Courts,  he  shall  of  duety  attend  the  Courts  of  Comitties;  and 
keepe  seuerall  bookes  of  their  proceedings.  The  Counseil,  Auditors,  and 
Comitties  extraordinary,  he  shall  then  also  attend,  when  and  so  often  as 
he  shall  be  thereunto  required. 



He  shall  be  bound  by  oath  to  keepe  secret  all  matters  of  secrecy:  And  not 
to  discouer  the  proceedings  of  the  Counseil,  and  Coynitties  extraordinary, 
till  such  time  as  themselues  shall  publish  the  same. 


The  Secretary,  vpon  reference  of  any  businesse  from  the  Court  to  a  select 
Comittie;  shall  giue  a  note  to  the  Messenger,  containing  the  businesse, 
time,  &  place. 


His  Office  is  also  to  be  a  Remembrancer  to  the  generall  Courts,  and  to  the 
Courts  of  Comitties;  for  [74]  the  prosecuting  and  performing  of  matters 
formerly  ordered:  As  also  touching  motions  formerly  made,  and  referred 
to  speciall  Comitties,  or  other  farther  consideration. 


If  at  any  tune  a  generall  Court  shall  order  any  money  to  be  issued  out  of 
the  Cash;  the  Secretary  vnder  his  hand  shall  deliuer  a  Copie  thereof  to 
the  Auditors,  if  it  be  of  old  Debts;  and  if  otherwise,  then  to  the  Deputie 
and  Comitties:  who  respectiuely  shall  vnder  that  Order  make  their  war- 
rant for  the  payment  of  that  money:  vnlesse  they  find  the  Court,  by 
wrong  information,  to  haue  beene  abused  and  deceiued  in  that  Order, 
whereof  at  the  next  Court  they  shall  giue  aduertisement. 


The  Secretaries  Office  is  to  keepe  the  Bookes  of  the  Companie,  and  fairely 
and  orderly  to  enter  in  them  the  particulars  here- vnder  expressed;  and 
in  such  manner  as  he  shall  be  directed  by  the  Treasuror,  Deputie,  or 
Auditors.  First,  a  Booke  containing  the  Copies  of  the  Kings  Letters 
Patents  to  the  Companie:  Also  of  all  Letters,  Orders,  Directions,  and  other 
writings,  from  his  Maiestie,  the  Lords  of  the  Counseil,  and  other  great 
Officers,  concerning  the  Companie,  or  the  affaires  of  Virginia;  together 
with  the  answeres  made  vnto  them. 

1620  353 


A  Second  Booke  shall  be  kept  of  all  the  Lawes  and  standing  Orders  estab- 
lished henceforward  in  the  [75]  Quarter-Courts,  and  beginning  with  this  day; 
as  well  such  as  concerne  the  Gouerncment  of  the  Companie  and  businesse 
here;  as  also  the  Gouerninent  of  the  Colonie  and  affaires  in  Virginia. 


In  a  third  Booke  shall  be  registred  all  the  Patents,  Charters,  and  In- 
dentures of  validitie,  heretofore  granted,  or  that  hereafter  shal  be  granted, 
by  the  Treasuror  and  Companie:  all  instructions  from  the  Counseil:  all 
pubUque  Letters  written  to  Virginia,  or  from  thence  receiued. 


A  Fourth  Booke  shall  be  of  the  Acts  of  the  generall  Courts;  beginning 
with  a  new  Booke  at  the  last  Quarter-Court. 


A  Fift  Booke  shall  be  of  the  Acts  of  the  Comitties,  beginning  from  the 
same  Court.  In  which  Booke  shall  be  registred  all  Inuoyces  of  the 
prouisions  sent  to  Virginia  from  the  Companie;  and  the  Certificats  of  the 
receipts  to  be  thence  returned:  As  likewise  the  Inuoyces  of  the  Goods 
sent  from  Virginia;  with  the  Husbands  certificat  of  the  receipt  or  defect. 


In  a  sixt  booke,  at  the  one  end,  shall  be  registred  the  names  of  all  the 
Aduenturors  here  by  money;  or  otherwise  by  seruice,  for  which  shares 
of  Land  in  [76]  Virginia  haue  beene  giuen  by  the  Companie  in  their  Quarter- 
Courts;  together  with  the  number  of  Shares  to  each  person  belonging. 
Where  shal  also  be  entred  in  a  place  by  it  selfe,  the  lawfuU  Transports 
of  Shares  from  one  to  another.  Here  shall  also  be  entred,  the  names  of 
his  Maiesties  Counseil  for  Virgiriia.  At  the  other  end  of  the  same  Booke, 
shall  be  registred  the  names  of  all  the  Planters  in  Virginia,  as  well  for  the 
pubhque,  as  vpon  priuate  Plantations:  which  is  to  be  done  distinctly  for 
each  Plantation  by  it  selfe.  And  this  is  to  be  done  vpon  the  Certificates 
hereafter  returned  from  the  Gouernour  and  Counseil  in  Virginia:  And 
from  the  Heads  and  Bodies  of  particular  Plantations,  according  to  the 


tenor  and  effect  of  the  Grants  made  vnto  them,  and  other  Lawes  and 
Orders  made  by  the  Companie.  All  which  shall  be  first  published  and 
allowed  in  a  generall  Court:  and  not  registred  in  this  Booke,  but  by 
direction  from  thence, 


The  Secretarie  shall  also  keepe  safe  in  the  Companies  Chest  of  euidences, 
the  originals  of  all  the  Letters  Patents,  and  other  writings  afore  mentioned : 
AU  the  Bookes  also  aforesaid:  All  the  Treasurors  Bookes  of  their  yearely 
accounts:  The  Husbands  Bookes  of  accounts  of  euery  voyage  to  Vir- 
ginia: and  all  other  accounts  perfected  and  approued  by  the  Auditors. 
In  the  same  Chest  shall  be  kept  all  Charter  Parties,  as  well  cancelled 
as  vncanceUed:  All  Bonds  made  to  the  Companie,  or  for  their  vse:  And 
all  Bonds  of  the  Companies  discharged  and  cancelled:  And  all  other 
wri[77]tings  and  muniments  whatsoeuer  belonging  to  the  Companie.  And 
the  Secretarie  shall  deliuer  out  none  of  the  Companies  writings,  but  by 
direction  from  the  Treasuror,  Counseil,  or  Court:  taking  a  note  of  the 
parties  hand  for  the  true  restoring  of  them.  And  in  conuenient  time 
he  shall  make  Calenders  of  all  the  foresaid  writings. 


The  Secretaries  Salarie  shall  be  twenty  pounds  per  annum:  and  of  his 
paines  extraordinary,  the  Court  shall  take  consideration. 

Booke  Keeper. 


The  Booke  keeper,  so  long  as  he  shall  seeme  necessarie,  shall  be  wholy 
directed  and  ordered  by  the  Treasuror,  and  Auditors:  And  shall  receiue 
his  Salarie  from  the  Quarter-Courts,  as  the  Auditors  shall  report  of  his 
paines  and  deserts. 


The  Booke  keeper,  vpon  conference  with  the  Secretarie  and  the  Husband, 
and  they  two  in  his  defect,  shall  in  euery  Quarter-Court  present  openly 
to  the  Treasuror,  a  true  note  of  the  Debts,  both  owing  by  the  Companie, 
and  ought  vnto  them:  together  with  the  ground  from  whence  they  haue 
risen:  that  the  Court  [78]  may  take  order  for  the  discharge  of  the  one,  and 
recouery  of  the  other. 

16m  355 



The  Husband  is  to  be  ordered  by  the  Treasuror,  Deputy,  and  Comiities; 
and  to  keepe  his  accounts  in  exact  and  iustifiable  manner:  and  to  bring 
them  from  time  to  time  to  the  Deputie  and  Comities,  to  be  first  examined 
there,  and  approued  vnder  their  hands;  and  then  to  be  presented  to  the 


He  shall  at  the  end  of  euery  voyage  set  out  by  the  Company,  make  a 
seuerall  Booke  of  the  charges  of  that  voyage;  to  be  presented  by  him  to 
the  Auditors;  and  by  them  to  the  Court. 


The  Husband  shall  also  (being  required  by  the  Court)  be  assisting  to  other 
Aduenturors  vpon  particular  Plantations,  in  making  their  prouisions,  and 
setting  out  their  Ships.     His  wages  shall  be  fortie  pounds  per  annum. 



The  Bedel  or  Messenger  is  to  be  at  command  of  the  Treasuror,  Deputy, 
and  Courts.  He  is  to  warne  all  Quarter-Courts,  and  Courts  extraordi- 
nary: all  meetings  of  the  Counsail,  Generall  Comitties,  and  Select  Comitties. 
His  wages,  forty  pound  per  annum. 

[79]  Generalitie. 


The  particular  Members  of  the  Companie,  shall  be  subiect  to  the  generall 
Courts,  in  matters  concerning  the  Company  or  Plantation.  If  any  man 
finde  himselfe  agrieued  by  a  lesser  or  ordinary  Court,  he  may  appeale  to 
a  great  and  Quarter-Court,  where  the  matter  shall  be  heard  and  finally 
ordered.  If  any  man  refuse  to  obey  both  the  one  Court  and  other,  he 
shall  be  disfranchized. 



Every  man  speaking  in  Court,  shall  addresse  his  speech  to  the  Treasuror, 
or  Deputy  in  his  absence,  as  representing  the  Court:  And  all  priuate 
speeches,  or  directed  to  particular  persons,  shall  be  forborne. 


No  man  in  one  Court  shall  speake  aboue  thrise  to  one  matter:  saue  the 
Treasuror  and  the  Deputy,  being  to  moderate  the  businesse. 


No  man  with  his  speech  shall  interrupt  the  speech  of  another,  before  he 
haue  finished:  Except  the  Treasuror,  or  in  his  absence  the  Deputy,  (with 
approbation  of  the  Court)  see  cause  to  put  any  to  silence,  for  unpertinency, 
or  other  vnseemely  speaking. 

[80]  XCII. 

If  any  man  be  found  by  sinister  course,  to  practise  his  owne  aduantage,  to 
the  damnifying  of  the  pubUque,  or  be  found  with  the  Companies  Mony  or 
Goods  m  his  hands,  and  refuse  to  deliuer  the  same  being  lawfully  there- 
unto required:  If  being  summoned  to  the  Court,  he  refuse  to  appeare,  or 
appearing,  performe  not  the  Order  of  the  Court;  he  shall  be  both  disfran- 
chized, and  farther  proceeded  against,  as  an  vnworthy  Member,  and 
wrong-doer  to  the  Companie. 


If  any  man  out  of  euill  minde,  practize  to  raise  faction  or  dissention  in 
the  Companie;  he  shall  for  the  first  time,  be  admonished  by  the  Court  or 
Counseil,  and  at  the  second,  disfranchized. 


Whosoeuer  shall  attempt  by  priuate  solicitation  to  packe  the  Court  to 
any  vniust  or  vnlawfuU  end;  shall  vpon  complaint,  be  conuented  before 
the  Counseil,  and  being  conuicted,  shaU  be  disfranchized. 

1620  357 


If  any  man  be  found,  through  corrupt  reward,  to  make  a  Motion  in  the 
Court,  tending  to  the  pubhque  hurt,  or  to  the  priuate  wrong  of  another; 
he  shall  be  forthwith  disfranchized. 

[81]  XCVI. 

No  man  shall  presume  to  intercept  Letters,  written  by,  or  to,  the  Counseil, 
or  Companie;  or  to  spread  false  rumors,  vpon  sinister  intent,  to  the  wrong 
of  the  Counseil,  Companie,  or  Colonie:  The  offender  shall  be  disfranchized. 


No  man  shall  traduce  any  Member  of  this  Companie  in  any  other  Court, 
for  any  thing  done  or  spoken  in  this  Court.  The  offender  for  the  first 
time,  shall  be  admonished;  for  the  second,  suspended  from  the  Court  for 
one  yeere;  and  the  third  time,  disfranchized. 


To  auoyd  the  drawing  of  the  Companie  into  Debt  henceforward:  It  is 
ordered,  that  no  particular  man  make  or  propound  any  new  proiect  of 
charge  to  the  Companie,  but  he  withall  offer  good  meanes  how  to  defray 
that  charge,  and  to  vphold  his  proiect,  in  such  sort  as  the  Companie  neuer 
be  drawne  againe  into  any  farther  debt.  And  the  breakers  of  this  Order, 
shall  be  excluded  from  the  generall  Courts,  and  from  hauing  voyce,  or 
bearing  Office,  for  one  yeare  after. 


If  any  man  moue  for  any  charge  to  the  Companie,  by  way  of  gift  in  what 
sort  soeuer:  It  shall  be  first  referred  to  a  select  Comittie:  and  if  the  charge 
fall  out  to  be  vnder  thirtie  pound,  it  may  be  ordered  by  the  next  Court; 
if  aboue,  it  shall  be  reserued  till  the  Quarter  Court  ensuing. 

[82]  C. 

It  shall  not  be  lawfuU  for  any  Aduenturor,  to  sell  or  transport  his  shares 
to  another,  otherwise  then  in  open  Court :  And  not  before  it  doe  appeare 
vnder  three  of  the  Auditors  hands,  that  the  partie  transporting  his  shares 


stand  cleere,  and  is  not  indebted  to  the  Companie;  or  the  partie  to  whom 
they  are  passed,  doe  pay  the  said  Debt. 

Officers  in  Virginia. 


All  principal!  Officers  in  Virginia,  namely  the  Gouernour,  Lieutenant  Gouer- 
nour,  Admiral,  Marshal,  chief e  Justice,  and  Treasurer,  shall  be  chosen 
here  by  Ballating  in  a  Quarter-Court. 


The  Counseil  established  in  Virginia,  and  all  other  Officers  there  reserued 
to  the  choise  of  the  Company  here,  shall  be  chosen  in  a  Quarter-Court,  by 
onely  erection  of  hands;  vnlesse  the  Court  desire  to  haue  it  passe  by 


The  Commissions  to  all  Officers  there,  shall  be  onely  for  three  yeres  in 
certaine,  and  afterwards  during  the  Companies  pleasure.  Onely  the 
Gouernour  sbal  vpon  no  occasion  hold  that  place  aboue  sixe  yeares. 

[83]  CIV. 

The  Companie  here  shall  not  be  charged  with  the  maintenance  of  the 
Officers  there:  But  they  shal  be  maintained  there,  out  of  the  pubHque 



No  Lawes  or  standing  Orders  shal  be  made  by  the  Companie,  but  in  this 
manner.  First,  after  the  proposing  of  them  in  Court,  they  shall  be  referred 
to  the  examination  of  a  select  Comittie.  The  Comitties  shall  present  their 
Labours  to  the  view  of  the  Counseil.  The  Counseil  approuing  them,  they 
shall  be  brought  to  the  Court  of  preparation  on  the  Munday  before  the 
Quarter  Court,  and  there  openly  read.  And  lastly  they  shall  passe  the 
iudgement  of  the  Quarter-Court. 

1620  359 


The  Lawes  and  Orders  thus  made,  shall  be  fairely  registred  by  the  Secre- 
tary in  a  parchment  Booke:  which  he  shal  bring  in  euery  Court,  and  lay 
on  the  table,  that  all  men  may  peruse  them  that  are  so  disposed. 


In  the  Quarter-Court  in  Hillary  Term,  all  lawes  and  standing  Orders 
concerning  the  Company  here,  shall  be  publiquely  read  in  the  beginning 
of  the  Court. 

[84]  CVIII. 

The  abrogating  of  a  Law  or  Order,  shall  proceede  by  the  same  degrees,  by 
which  the  making. 


All  Orders  heretofore  made,  repugnant  or  swaruing  from  these,  shall  be 
henceforth  voyd. 

Grants  of  Land. 


All  Grants  of  Lands  and  Liberties  in  Virginia,  shall  be  passed  by  Indenture: 
the  Counterpane  wherof  shall  be  sealed  by  the  Grantees,  and  kept  in  the 
Companies  Chest  of  Euidences.  And  the  Secretary  shall  haue  the  engross- 
ing of  all  such  Indentures. 


No  Patents  or  Indentures  of  Grants  of  Lands  in  Virginia,  shall  be  sealed, 
but  being  read  and  approoued  in  a  Quarter-Court:  the  same  hauing  been 
also  first  examined  and  allowed  vnder  the  hands  of  a  select  Comittie  for 
that  purpose. 


No  libertie  shall  be  granted,  tending  to  the  exempting  of  any  man  from  the 
authoritie  of  the  Gouernor  of  Virginia,  or  of  the  Supreame  Counseils  or 
Courts  there  established;  in  any  case  of  Treason,  Rebellion,  or  Sedition: 
or  vpon  any  dutie  to  be  perfor[85[med  for  the  necessary  defence  of  the 
Countrey;  or  the  preseruation  of  the  publique  peace,  and  suppressing 


Tumults  within  the  Land;  or  for  trials  in  matters  of  Justice  by  way  of 
appeale;  or  otherwise  by  lawfull  Orders  to  be  from  hence  deliuered:  or  in 
cases  consented  vnto,  as  well  by  a  generall  Assembly  of  the  Colonie  there, 
as  by  the  Companie  here  in  a  Quarter-Court.  And  all  Grants,  former 
or  future,  swaruing  from  this  Order,  shall  be  so  farre  forth  deemed 
vnlawfull  and  surreptitious :  as  being  repugnant  to  the  Limitations  in  his 
Maiesties  Letters  Patents. 


In  all  Grants  of  Lands,  a  fift  of  the  Roiall  Mines  of  Gould  and  Siluer  shall 
be  reserued  to  the  Companie:  as  an  other  fift  is  alreadie  reserued  to  the 


In  all  Patents  or  Indentures  of  Grants  of  Lands,  the  Grantees  shall  couenant 
to  employ  their  people  in  great  part  in  Staple  Commodities,  as  Corne, 
Wine,  Silke,  Silke-grasse,  Hempe,  Flax,  Pitch  and  Tar,  Pot-ashes  and  Sope- 
ashes.  Iron,  Clap-boord,  and  other  Materialls:  and  not  wholly  or  chiefly 
about  Tobacco,  and  Sassaphras. 


All  Grants  of  Land  in  Virginia  to  the  old  Aduenturors  their  Heires  and 
Assignes,  that  is,  to  such  as  haue  heretofore  brought  in  their  money  to  the 
Treasurie  for  their  seuerall  shares,  (being  of  twelve  pound  ten  shillings  the 
share)  shall  be  of  one  hundred  Acres  [86]  the  share  vpon  the  first  diuision ; 
and  of  as  many  more  vpon  a  second  diuision,  when  the  Land  of  their  first 
diuision  shall  be  sufficiently  peopled.  And  for  euery  person  which  they 
shall  transport  thither  before  Midsomer  day  one  thousand  sixe  hundred 
twentie  fine,  if  he  continue  there  three  yeares,  or  dye  in  the  meane  time 
after  he  is  shipped,  it  shall  be  to  the  Transporters,  of  fiftie  acres  the  person 
vpon  the  first  diuision,  and  fiftie  more  vpon  a  second  diuision  in  like  manner, 
without  paying  any  Rent  to  the  Companie  for  the  one  or  the  other.  And 
in  all  such  Grants,  the  names  of  the  Aduenturors,  and  the  seuerall  number  of 
each  of  their  shares,  shall  be  expressed.  Prouided  alwayes,  that  if  the  said 
Aduenturors  or  any  of  them,  doe  not  truely  and  effectually  within  one 
yeare  next  after  the  seaUng  of  the  said  Grant,  pay  and  discharge  all  such 
summes  of  money,  wherein  by  subscription  (or  otherwise  vpon  notice 
thereof  giuen  from  the  Auditors,)  they  stand  indebted  to  the  Companie: 

1620  361 

Or  if  the  said  Aduenturors,  or  any  of  them,  hauing  not  lawfull  right,  either 
by  purchase  from  the  Companie,  or  by  assignement  from  some  other  former 
Aduenturor,  within  one  yeare  after  the  said  Grant;  or  by  speciall  gift  of 
the  Companie  (vpon  merit  preceding)  in  a  full  Quarter  Court ;  to  so  many 
shares  as  he  or  they  pretend ;  doe  not  within  one  yeare  after  the  said  Grant, 
satisfie  and  pay  to  the  said  Treasuror  and  Companie  for  euery  share  so 
wanting,  after  the  rate  of  twelue  pounds  ten  shillings  the  share:  that  then 
the  said  Grant,  for  so  much  as  concerneth  the  whole  part,  and  all  the 
Shares  of  the  said  person  so  behinde,  and  not  satisfying  as  aforesaid, 
shall  be  vtterly  voide. 

[87]  CXVI. 

All  Grants  of  Land  in  Virginia  to  new  Aduenturors,  that  is  to  say,  to  such 
as  hereafter  shall  be  free  of  the  Cojnpanie,  paying  the  Companie  for  their 
Shares  before  Midsomer,  1625.  shall  for  their  owne  persons  and  shares  be 
of  like  condition  with  the  former  to  all  intents  and  purposes.  But  for 
such  other  as  shall  at  their  charges  be  transported  into  Virginia,  before  the 
said  Midsomer,  1625.  in  manner  aforesaid;  shall  be  reserued  a  yearely 
Rent  of  twelue  pence  for  euery  fiftie  acres  acrewing  to  them  by  vertue  of 
such  transportation;  to  be  answered  to  the  said  Treasuror  and  Companie, 
and  their  Successors  for  euer,  after  the  first  seauen  yeares  of  euery  such 


All  Grants  to  all  other  persons  not  comprised  in  the  two  Orders  last  before 
set  downe,  that  is  to  say,  to  such  Planters  as  before  Midsomer  day,  1625, 
shall  goe  into  Virginia  with  intent  there  to  inhabit :  if  they  continue  there 
three  yeares,  or  dye  after  they  are  shipped,  there  shall  be  grant  made  of 
fiftie  acres  for  euery  person  vpon  a  first  diuision,  and  as  many  more  vpon 
a  second  diuision  (the  first  being  peopled)  which  Grant  shall  be  made 
respectiuely  to  such  persons  and  their  Heires,  at  whose  charges  the  said 
persons  going  to  inhabit  in  Virginia  shall  be  transported;  with  reseruation 
of  twelue  pence  yearely  Rent,  as  aforesaid. 

[88]  CXVIII. 

In  aU  the  foresaid  Grants,  shall  be  inserted  a  Condition  or  prouiso,  that  the 
Grantees  shall  from  time  to  time,  make  a  true  Certificat  to  the  said  Treas- 


uror,  Counseil,  and  Companie,  from  the  chiefe  Officer  or  Officers  of  the 
places  respectiuely,  of  the  number,  names,  ages,  sex,  trades,  and  conditions 
of  euery  such  person  so  transported,  or  shipped,  before  the  said  Midsomer 
day,  1625.  to  be  entred  by  the  Secretarie  into  a  Register  Booke  for  that 
purpose  to  be  made. 


For  the  preuenting  of  fraud,  and  dammage  to  the  Companie  in  their  Rents; 
by  drawing  new  Aduenturors  or  Planters,  vpon  purchase  of  a  few  old 
Aduentures,  into  th'immunitie  of  the  old  Aduenturors  of  not  paying  any 
Rent  for  the  shares  of  fiftie  acres  the  person  transported  by  them  before 
the  foresaid  day:  it  is  ordered,  that  in  all  Indentures  of  Grant  of  Lands  to 
old  Aduenturors,  being  for  fewer  then  fiftie  shares  of  the  old  aduenture, 
the  immunitie  of  not  paying  Rent  for  the  shares  obtained  by  transporting 
of  persons  as  aforesaid,  shall  not  be  generall;  but  restrained  to  the  propor- 
tion of  foure  persons  to  euery  share  of  the  old  aduenture,  transported 
before  Midsomer  day,  1625. 


All  Grants  of  Land  shall  be  made  with  equall  fauours,  and  Grants  of  like 
Liberties  and  Immunities  as  neere  as  may  be,  (except  the  differences  of 
Rent  aboue  set  downe:)  to  the  end  that  all  complaint  of  partiahtie  or 
vnindifferency  may  be  preuented. 

[89]  CXXI. 

It  shall  be  free  for  all  his  Maiesties  Subiects  after  the  determination  of 
the  present  loynt  Stocke  for  the  Magazine,  to  trade  into  Virginia  with  the 
Colonie;  paying  the  duties  set  down  m  his  Maiesties  Letters  Patents. 


If  any  ioynt  Stocke  for  a  Magazine,  being  requested  by  the  Court,  refuse 
or  forbeare  to  send  Corne,  Cattle,  or  Munition,  for  the  necessary  reliefe 
and  supply  of  the  Colonie  in  Virginia:  it  shall  be  lawfull  from  that  day 
forward  for  any  person  freely  to  trade  to  and  with  the  Colonie  in  Virginia, 
carrying  thither  onely  Cattle,  Corne,  and  Munition,  without  paying  any 
duties  to  the  Companie  for  seuen  yeares  next  coming ;  any  former  restraint 
to  the  contrarie  notwithstanding. 

1620  363 


If  either  in  the  present  ioynt  Stocke  for  the  Magazine,  or  any  other  here- 
after to  be  erected,  the  generall  Companie  out  of  their  common  Cash 
beare  part  as  an  Aduenturor:  they  shall  ratably  partake  hke  profit,  and 
vndergoe  like  losse,  with  other  Aduenturors.  And  any  Order  made  to 
the  contrary  shall  be  voide. 


Dvring  the  time  that  the  common  Cash  beareth  part  as  an  Aduenturor 
in  any  Ioynt  Stocke  for  the  Magazine;  the  meetings  of  the  Aduenturors 
shall  [90]  be  in  the  same  place,  and  on  the  same  dayes,  that  the  Generall 
Courts  are  kept:  and  either  before  the  beginning,  or  after  the  ending  of  the 
Court :  vnlesse  the  Court  vpon  extraordinary  cause  appoint  some  other  time. 



The  Quarter-Court  in  euery  Trinitie  Term,  shall  appoint  a  choise  Comittie 
of  fiue  or  seuen,  to  continue  for  that  yeare,  to  take  into  their  care  and 
charge  the  matter  of  the  College  to  be  erected  in  V